CN109914328A - A kind of rotary deicing salt sprinkling system and method - Google Patents

A kind of rotary deicing salt sprinkling system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109914328A
CN109914328A CN201910243276.5A CN201910243276A CN109914328A CN 109914328 A CN109914328 A CN 109914328A CN 201910243276 A CN201910243276 A CN 201910243276A CN 109914328 A CN109914328 A CN 109914328A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
control
sprinkling
deicing salt
regulation module
spray
Prior art date
Application number
CN201910243276.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
娄胜利
王清臣
单鑫磊
刘浩
高岗
随清
张硕
雷胜男
Original Assignee
象谱信息产业有限公司
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Application filed by 象谱信息产业有限公司 filed Critical 象谱信息产业有限公司
Priority to CN201910243276.5A priority Critical patent/CN109914328A/en
Publication of CN109914328A publication Critical patent/CN109914328A/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of rotary deicing salt sprinkling system and methods, it include: always to regulate and control module, the first regulation module, the second regulation module and third regulation module, always regulation module is used to individually regulate and control the first regulation module, the second regulation module and third regulation module in different time nodes;First regulation module determines the section of sprinkling for adjusting the switch in each spray unit by the control to valving;Second regulation module, by the control to plumbing installation, for adjusting the first distance of deicing salt sprinkling;Third regulates and controls module, by the control to rotating device, for adjusting the second distance and rainfall distribution uniformity of deicing salt sprinkling;The present invention is pressurized using centrifugal pump, and rotation-controlled device spray head, controllable valve improves the economic benefit of road surface deicing by this control method using Programmable logical controller, ensured the service life on road surface.

Description

A kind of rotary deicing salt sprinkling system and method

Technical field

The present invention relates to road-cleaning technical field more particularly to a kind of rotary deicing salt sprinkling systems and method.

Background technique

Winter for freeze either snow-clad road surface, all can road pavement spraying snow-melting agent cleared up, existing skill Art therefore not can control sprinkling distance using the deicing salt pipeline for not having function of increasing pressure, most of spray head used for It is fixed, therefore the angle of spray head and the speed of rotation cannot be changed, it not can control the area of sprinkling, existing technology is using system One valve, cannot the single spray angle for controlling some control unit, it is therefore uncontrollable for the area of sprinkling, and can not Single some spraying parameter of control is unable to road pavement and carries out accurate spraying snow-melting agent deicing, existing rotary deicing salt sprinkling The covering surface semicircular in shape of terminal sprinkling, is unable to the angle and dynamics of autonomous control sprinkling, is unable to reach comprehensive covering road surface, Coverage rate is lower, and covering is uneven, and part deicing salt sprays on the outside of road, causes deicing salt to waste, to increase deicing salt Use cost, reduce service life of road surface.

Summary of the invention

The present invention is to solve the problems of the prior art and propose, it is intended that by plumbing installation, rotation The independent control of device and valving, is uniformly controlled using nonlinear, is increased the flexibility of control, is reduced deicing salt Damage, improves the economic benefit of deicing salt.

A kind of rotary deicing salt sprinkling system, comprising: always regulate and control module, first regulation module, second regulation module and Third regulates and controls module,

Total regulation module is used to individually regulate and control the first regulation module, second regulation in different time nodes Module and the third regulate and control module;

The first regulation module, by the control to valving, for adjusting the switch in each spray unit, really Surely the section sprayed;

The second regulation module, by the control to plumbing installation, for adjusting the first distance of deicing salt sprinkling;

The third regulates and controls module, by the control to rotating device, for adjust deicing salt sprinkling second distance and Rainfall distribution uniformity.

Preferably, total regulation module individually regulates and controls the first regulation module, the second regulation module and institute State the spraying parameter of third regulation module.

Preferably, the valving is used for the switch of control valve, and in the case where icy on road, valve is opened; In the case where road surface does not freeze, valve is remained off.

The plumbing installation is used to control the pressure of liquid in pipeline, by the effect of centrifugal pump, controls manifold pressure Size, pressure is big, deicing salt sprinkling distance it is remote;Pressure is small, and the distance of deicing salt sprinkling is close.

Preferably, the rotating device is used to control the spray angle and rotation angle of spray head, adjusts deicing salt respectively The second distance of sprinkling and the uniformity of spraying snow-melting agent.

A kind of rotary deicing salt spray method, the rotary deicing salt spray method include:

Step 1: setting dynamic controls, node, plumbing installation, rotating device and valving are adopted in different times With Programmable logical controller, the plumbing installation, the rotating device and the valving are individually controlled;

Step 2: dynamic control valve door gear, controls the switch in each spray unit, the section of sprinkling is determined;On road In the case that face freezes, valve is opened;In the case where road surface does not freeze, valve is remained off;

Step 3: dynamic control plumbing installation controls the pressure in pipeline by the output power of change centrifugal pump, In the case that manifold pressure changes, the sprinkling first distance of deicing salt is controlled;

Step 4: dynamic control rotating device adjusts the rotation angle and rotation speed of spray head by the control to spray head Degree, controls the sprinkling second distance and rainfall distribution uniformity of deicing salt.

Preferably, the dynamic controls plumbing installation, is controlled by RS-485 bus centrifugal pump.

Preferably, the second distance of the spray head sprinkling forms rectangle covering surface.

Of the invention a kind of rotary deicing salt sprinkling system and method, are pressurized using automatically controlled centrifugal pump, using can It controls rotating device spray head and road surface is improved by this control method using Programmable logical controller using electric control valve The economic benefit of deicing has ensured the service life on road surface.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is rotary deicing salt sprinkling system flow chart of the invention.

Fig. 2 is rotary deicing salt spray method flow chart of the invention.

Fig. 3 is rotary deicing salt control flow chart of the invention.

Fig. 4 is Programmable logical controller schematic diagram of the invention.

Specific embodiment

Below with reference to the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Embodiments of the present invention: referring to Fig. 1, a kind of rotary deicing salt sprinkling system, comprising: always regulate and control module, the One regulation module, the second regulation module and third regulate and control module,

Total regulation module is used to individually regulate and control the first regulation module, the second regulation module and third tune in different time nodes Control module;

First regulation module determines spray for adjusting the switch in each spray unit by the control to valving The section spilt;

Second regulation module, by the control to plumbing installation, for adjusting the first distance of deicing salt sprinkling;

Third regulates and controls module, by the control to rotating device, for adjusting second distance and the sprinkling of deicing salt sprinkling The uniformity.

Implementation method of the invention: referring to fig. 2-4, a kind of rotary deicing salt spray method, the control to plumbing installation, Centrifugal pump is carried out controlling to control manifold pressure by RS-485 bus, by increasing the fluid pressure in pipeline, from And increase the sprinkling distance of deicing salt, the spray area of deicing salt is controlled, the loss of deicing salt is reduced.The method controlled in the past does not have There is the pressure process by deicing salt, only the sprinkling of single control deicing salt, just with the pressure itself value of deicing salt.

Control to rotating device, by the angle position and the rotation that control the control of rotating device the rotation of spray head Rotary speed forms the sprinkling covering surface of rectangle, so that spray area is maximum to change sprinkling distance and improve rainfall distribution uniformity Change, and reduce deicing salt and spray road surface, avoids deicing salt from wasting, reach deicing salt and make full use of, save the cost.In the past The method of control does not control the speed of the angle of spray head and rotation, cannot effectively control spray area, cause not Necessary waste.

Control to valving controls the on and off of the sprinkling in single control unit by the automatically controlled of valve, can be with The section of sprinkling is controlled, the area of accurate control sprinkling positions region icy on road and carries out accurate deicing.The side of previous control Method is single to spray head progress precisely automatically controlled, causes the unnecessary waste of deicing salt and the destruction on road surface.

Rotating device, valving and plumbing installation are individually controlled by Programmable logical controller, it is accurate to control The spraying parameter of each control unit reduces deicing salt loss and reduces road surface injury to achieve the purpose that accurate deicing. Previous control method not can be carried out Programmable logical controller, not can be carried out accurate deicing, increases the loss of deicing salt, subtracts The service life on road surface is lacked.

Deicing salt flow process: deicing salt is stored in fluid reservoir, by pipeline flow-direction centrifugal pump, according to different need The valve at traffic organising end after wanting centrifugal pump to carry out different degrees of pressurization to deicing salt flows to after valve is opened by spray head Road surface, whole process terminate.

The dynamic of centrifugal pump controls: the main function of centrifugal pump is the fluid pressure controlled in pipeline, by increasing pipeline Interior fluid pressure, to increase the sprinkling distance of deicing salt, pressure is bigger, and sprinkling distance is remoter, and the smaller sprinkling distance of pressure is got over Far.After dynamic controls and receives control command, control command is passed to by frequency converter by RS-485 data line, frequency converter will Control command is converted into frequency signal, to change the output power of centrifugal pump, achievees the purpose that increase fluid pressure in pipeline.

The dynamic of rotating device controls: the main function of rotating device is the angle for controlling spray head sprinkling, is sprayed by changing The angle spilt makes deicing salt reach maximum covering surface, reduces the loss of deicing salt to the greatest extent, saves cost, and lead to Cross change spray head spray angle also to can with road pavement freeze be oriented deicing, reduce the waste of unnecessary deicing salt with And reduce the loss of deicing salt road pavement.Change spray head rotation speed according to the angle position of rotation, it is uniform so as to improve sprinkling Degree, avoids deicing salt from wasting, reaches deicing salt and make full use of, and saves use cost.

The dynamic of valving controls: the main function of valving is the switch of control valve, only when road surface occurs Valve is just opened when icing and carries out spraying operation, deicing salt is saved to the greatest extent, so that economic benefit reaches maximization.

Programmable logical controller: for centrifugal pump, the control of rotating device and valving uses Programmable logical controller, Three devices are individually controlled in the case where different time nodes, rather than are uniformly controlled using linear, control is increased The flexibility of system reduces the loss of deicing salt, improves the economic benefit of deicing salt.

A kind of rotary deicing salt spray method, Programmable logical controller are changed by RS-485 data line transmission frequency signal Become the output power of centrifugal pump, to change fluid pressure in pipeline, changes the sprinkling distance of spray head, Programmable logical controller is dynamic State controls rotating device and valving;Dynamic control to rotating device, so that spray head forms the sprinkling covering surface of rectangle, it can To allow spray area to reach maximization, the maximum effect of deicing salt is played, reduces the loss of deicing salt, according to the angle position of rotation It sets change spray head rotation speed and avoids deicing salt from wasting so as to improve rainfall distribution uniformity, reach deicing salt and make full use of, save About use cost;To the control of the dynamic of valving, can effective control valve switch, avoid the unnecessary wave of deicing salt Take.Dynamic control to centrifugal pump, the fluid pressure that can effectively control in pipeline reduce to change the distance of sprinkling Deicing salt spray road surface and caused by unnecessary waste, and effective control to sprinkling distance so that deicing salt covering surface Control it is more accurate.

It should be noted that, in this document, relational terms such as first and second and the like are used merely to a reality Body or operation are distinguished with another entity or operation, are deposited without necessarily requiring or implying between these entities or operation In any actual relationship or order or sequence.Moreover, the terms "include", "comprise" or its any other variant are intended to Non-exclusive inclusion, so that the process, method, article or equipment including a series of elements is not only wanted including those Element, but also including other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include for this process, method, article or equipment Intrinsic element.

It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of variations, modification, replacement can be carried out to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of rotary deicing salt sprinkling system, comprising: always regulate and control module, the first regulation module, the second regulation module and the Three regulation modules, which is characterized in that
Total regulation module is used to individually regulate and control the first regulation module, the second regulation module in different time nodes Regulate and control module with the third;
The first regulation module determines spray for adjusting the switch in each spray unit by the control to valving The section spilt;
The second regulation module, by the control to plumbing installation, for adjusting the first distance of deicing salt sprinkling;
The third regulates and controls module, by the control to rotating device, for adjusting second distance and the sprinkling of deicing salt sprinkling The uniformity.
2. a kind of rotary deicing salt sprinkling system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that total regulation module list Solely regulate and control the spraying parameter of the first regulation module, the second regulation module and third regulation module.
3. a kind of rotary deicing salt sprinkling system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the valving is used for The switch of control valve, in the case where icy on road, valve is opened;In the case where road surface does not freeze, valve is remained turned-off State.
4. a kind of rotary deicing salt sprinkling system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the plumbing installation is used for The pressure of liquid controls the size of manifold pressure by the effect of centrifugal pump in control pipeline, and pressure is big, deicing salt sprinkling Distance it is remote;Pressure is small, and the distance of deicing salt sprinkling is close.
5. a kind of rotary deicing salt sprinkling system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the rotating device is used for The spray angle and rotation angle of spray head are controlled, the second distance and spraying snow-melting agent of the sprinkling of adjusting deicing salt is uniform respectively Degree.
6. a kind of rotary deicing salt spray method, which is characterized in that for realizing rotary snow melt described in claim 1-5 Agent sprinkling system, the rotary deicing salt spray method include:
It is controlled step 1: dynamic is arranged, in different times node, plumbing installation, rotating device and valving are all made of can Programmed logic control, individually controls the plumbing installation, the rotating device and the valving;
Step 2: dynamic control valve door gear, controls the switch in each spray unit, the section of sprinkling is determined;It is tied on road surface In the case where ice, valve is opened;In the case where road surface does not freeze, valve is remained off;
Step 3: dynamic control plumbing installation controls the pressure in pipeline, in pipeline by changing the output power of centrifugal pump In the case where interior pressure change, the sprinkling first distance of deicing salt is controlled;
Step 4: dynamic control rotating device adjusts the rotation angle and rotation speed of spray head by the control to spray head, control The sprinkling second distance and rainfall distribution uniformity of deicing salt processed.
7. a kind of rotary deicing salt spray method according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the dynamic controls pipeline Device controls centrifugal pump by RS-485 bus.
8. a kind of rotary deicing salt spray method according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the of spray head sprinkling Two distances form rectangle covering surface.
CN201910243276.5A 2019-03-28 2019-03-28 A kind of rotary deicing salt sprinkling system and method CN109914328A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN109914328A true CN109914328A (en) 2019-06-21

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