CN109816923A - Low-power consumption smoke detection device and fire monitoring system based on it - Google Patents

Low-power consumption smoke detection device and fire monitoring system based on it Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109816923A
CN109816923A CN201910094735.8A CN201910094735A CN109816923A CN 109816923 A CN109816923 A CN 109816923A CN 201910094735 A CN201910094735 A CN 201910094735A CN 109816923 A CN109816923 A CN 109816923A
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China
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smoke detection
module
power consumption
low
detection device
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Inventor
温毓敏
孙冀东
李晓玲
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Individual
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Priority to CN201910094735.8A priority Critical patent/CN109816923A/en
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Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of low-power consumption smoke detection device and based on its fire monitoring system, wherein the detection device includes battery, smoke detection module, control module, switch module, radio communication mold group and camera;Battery is for providing power supply;Smoke detection module is used to send fire alarm signal to control module after sensing fire alarm;Control module is used to send opening control signal to switch module after receiving fire alarm signal;Switch module be used for receive opening control signal be followed by between energization pond and camera for being electrically connected;Camera is for providing corresponding picture or/and video information;Radio communication mold group is used to that fire alarm to be transmitted and be used for outside by fire alarm signal and picture or/and video information that control module acquires and fire is checked.The system includes the low-power consumption smoke detection device and one or more user monitoring terminal that one or more is laid in monitoring area.

Description

Low-power consumption smoke detection device and fire monitoring system based on it
Technical field
The invention belongs to fire alarm fields, specifically, relate to a kind of low-power consumption smoke detection device and based on it Fire monitoring system.
Background technique
Fire is the important disaster that people's life and property loss are caused in contemporary society, and in general, fire alarm is such as Fruit can be disposed accurately and in time, will greatly reduce loss caused by fire, therefore promptly and accurately alarm into advance For primary demand.Smoke inductor product mostly uses greatly multiple-way system and bus system to connect in conventional fire automatic early-warning system (FAS) It connects and (is connected using two or more pieces copper core cable), although can solve power supply and communication issue, installation cost is high, construction dimension Shield is complicated, and line failure rate is high.
In the use process of actual smoke detection device, due to detector detection accuracy itself or environment Present in the interference factors such as steam, frequently result in detector wrong report.For background monitoring personnel, when smoke detection device When alarm, need to carry out warning message live review.However if the detector of monitoring is it occur frequently that wrong report, background monitoring people Member may can generate slack psychology tired out to scene review, and then may ignore real fire alert.What is more It is delayed dangerous situation since distance problem can not reach the live review of progress in time.
Therefore, it is necessary to study a kind of suitable for practical, and can carry out to the alarm signal of smoke detector further true The technical solution recognized.
Summary of the invention
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, it is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of low-power consumption smoke detection device, the present invention is same When additionally provide a kind of fire monitoring system based on the low-power consumption smoke detection device.
To achieve the goals above, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is that:
A kind of low-power consumption smoke detection device, the detection device include battery, smoke detection module, control module, switch module, Radio communication mold group and camera;The battery is the smoke detection module, the radio communication mold group and the control mould Block provides power supply;The smoke detection module, with the control module communicate to connect, for after sensing fire alarm to institute It states control module and sends fire alarm signal;The control module is communicated to connect with the control terminal of the switch module, is used for It receives and sends opening control signal to the switch module after the fire alarm signal;The switch module, is connected electrically in In the current supply circuit constituted between the battery and the camera, for connecting the electricity after receiving opening control signal Between pond and the camera for being electrically connected;The camera is communicated to connect with the control module, for according to the control The demand starting work of molding block simultaneously provides corresponding picture or/and video information, and receives the figure in the control module Suspend mode standby mode is in after piece or/and video information;The radio communication mold group is communicated to connect with the control module, is used It transmits and is used for outside in the fire alarm signal and the picture or/and video information for acquiring the control module Fire alarm and fire review.
The present invention also provides another low-power consumption smoke detection device, which includes battery, smoke detection mould Block, control module, switch module, radio communication mold group and camera;The battery is the smoke detection module, the nothing Line communications module and the control module provide power supply;The smoke detection module, communicates with the control terminal of the switch module Connection, for sending fire alarm signal to the switch module after sensing fire alarm;The switch module, electrical connection In the current supply circuit constituted between the battery and the camera, for being connected after receiving the fire alarm signal Between the battery and the camera for being electrically connected;The camera is communicated to connect with the control module, is used for basis The demand starting work of the control module simultaneously provides corresponding picture or/and video information, and receives in the control module Suspend mode standby mode is in after the picture or/and video information;The radio communication mold group, with the control module communication link It connects, for the picture or/and video information and the fire alarm signal of control module generation to be used in combination to outside transmitting It is checked in fire alarm and fire.
A kind of fire monitoring system based on the low-power consumption smoke detection device, the system include one or more cloth It is located at the low-power consumption smoke detection device and one or more user monitoring terminal of monitoring area;The low-power consumption sense Cigarette detection device is provided with unique identifier;The user monitoring terminal, with the low-power consumption smoke detection device wireless communication Connection, for obtaining the unique identifier of the low-power consumption smoke detection device to identify the low-power consumption smoke detection device, For obtain the fire alarm signal and the picture or/and the video information of low-power consumption smoke detection device acquisition with Just fire alarm is carried out to monitoring area where the low-power consumption smoke detection device and fire is checked.
The present invention has substantive distinguishing features outstanding and marked improvement compared with the prior art, specifically:
1, low-power consumption smoke detection device of the invention passes through the cigarette in air in smoke detection module real-time detection monitoring area Mist situation decides whether to power on to camera to determine whether that fire alarm occurs further according to the detection result of smoke detection module Starting shooting, then the photo of camera shooting or/and video information are sent as the foundation of fire review, solving needs The problem of carrying out scene review;
2, low-power consumption smoke detection device of the present invention is provided with battery, smoke detection module and camera, and camera is in positive reason Be under condition it is uncharged, smoke detection module detect smog occur when ability electrifying startup shoot, and after the picture is taken immediately into Enter suspend mode standby mode, shortened camera and powered on the time that shooting uses, uses generation to reduce camera and power on shooting Power consumption penalty, extend the service life of battery, achieve the purpose that low-power consumption;
3, low-power consumption smoke detection device of the invention, camera do not shoot use under normal circumstances, only visit in smog It surveys module and detects that ability electrifying startup is shot when smog occurs, and is solved and is installed the possible privacy of camera in monitoring area Puzzlement;
4, low-power consumption smoke detection device of the invention designs by using the structure of battery power supply and low-power consumption, is meeting On the basis of power consumption needed for assembly monitor, without considering the wiring problem of power supply line and signal wire under wired power supply mode, also not In the presence of because battery energy consumption need to frequently replace rapidly brought installation worry.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic block circuit diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 2 is the schematic block circuit diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Fig. 3 is the schematic block circuit diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 3.
Fig. 4 is the schematic block circuit diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 4.
Fig. 5 is the schematic block circuit diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 5.
Fig. 6 is the schematic block circuit diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 6.
Fig. 7 is the schematic block circuit diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 7.
Fig. 8 is the schematic block circuit diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 8.
Fig. 9 is the schematic block circuit diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 8.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, technical scheme of the present invention will be described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, the detection device includes battery, smoke detection the present embodiment provides a kind of low-power consumption smoke detection device Module, control module, switch module, radio communication mold group and camera;
The battery provides power supply for the smoke detection module, the radio communication mold group and the control module;
The smoke detection module communicates to connect with the control module, fire report whether occurs in predeterminable area for incuding It is alert, and fire alarm signal is sent to the control module after sensing the fire alarm;The fire alarm refers to Smog is generated in the predeterminable area;The fire alarm signal can respond the received smog for the control module and visit Survey the alarm signal of module output;
The control module is communicated to connect with the control terminal of the switch module, for receiving the fire alarm signal Opening control signal is sent to the switch module afterwards;
The switch module is connected electrically in the current supply circuit constituted between the battery and the camera, for receiving Connected after to opening control signal between the battery and the camera for being electrically connected;The opening control signal is described The control instruction signal for the control module output that switch module can respond;
The camera is communicated to connect with the control module, for starting work according to the demand of the control module and mentioning For corresponding picture or/and video information, and suspend mode is in after the control module receives the picture or/and video information Standby mode;After the camera, which is powered on, to be communicated with control module foundation, the control module is to the camera shooting hair Send demand, the camera sends the control module for picture or/and video information again as desired, and after transmission by The control module is placed in suspend mode standby mode;
The radio communication mold group, communicates to connect with the control module, the fire for acquiring the control module Alarm signal and the picture or/and video information are transmitted to outside and are checked for fire alarm and fire.
In low-power consumption smoke detection device provided by the present embodiment, the demand of the control module is: super low-power consumption, to Electromechanics stream is no more than 5uA;Processing capacity can be competent at the acquisition and compression of image, need not less than 30mips;Chip pin 32- 48;- 10-60 DEG C of operating temperature.In type selecting, can select ST company super low-power consumption MCU such as STM32L151C6T series or STM32L412CB series.
The demand of the radio communication mold group is: super low-power consumption, and stand-by power consumption is no more than 5uA;Upstream rate is not less than 60kbps, downstream rate are not less than 30kbps;- 10-60 DEG C of operating temperature.In type selecting, new happiness Internet of Things can be selected ME3616C1A/G1A。
The demand of the battery is: capacity > 1500mAh;Voltage 3V;Self-discharge rate < 1%t/;Service life > 10 year;Work temperature - 10-60 DEG C of degree.In type selecting, alternative battery is more, such as Sanyo CR123 type lithium battery, double deer CR123 type lithium batteries.
The switch module can pass through the circuit module or device of control signal shift switch state, tool to be all Body, MOS switch pipe can be used, the pole G of the MOS switch pipe is connected to the control module, the S of the MOS switch pipe Pole is connected to the voltage output end of the battery, and the pole D of the MOS switch pipe connects the voltage input end of the camera.Institute The demand for stating MOS switch pipe is: conducting resistance < 100m;Leakage current < 1uA;- 10-60 DEG C of operating temperature, when specific type selecting, PJA3400 PMOS switch pipe can be used.
The demand of the camera is: resolution ratio is not less than 1280*720;Operating current < 100mA;Operating temperature -10-60 ℃.In type selecting, OV2640 type miniature webcam can be used.In order to expand coverage as far as possible, the camera can also Using wide-angle lens head etc..
The demand of the smoke detection module is: quiescent current < 10uA;- 10-60 DEG C of operating temperature, as long as meeting smog Detection alarm function can be ion type smog detecting module, photo-electric smog detecting module, air-sensitive formula smoke detection mould Any one of block, specifically, ON1201 type smoke sensor device can be used.
Low-power consumption smoke detection device provided by the present embodiment, with radio communication mold group (100mA) in each main modular It is maximum with the power consumption of camera (100mA), if normal operating condition, for the power supply of 1500mAh battery, only it is able to satisfy number Working time hour.So low-power consumption smoke detection device provided by the present embodiment design when unless necessary, require to make Each module work is in low-power consumption mode.
Under normal circumstances, in addition to the network communication of startup self-detection and timing, device is all in low power mode of operation.Its In, the electric current that smoke detection module works normally is very low, and only 10uA or so can be constantly in working condition, work as smoke detection When module detects smog alarm, control module is waken up by signal and is started to work, control module is taken the photograph by MOS switch pipe opening As head power supply, camera is initialized, while wake on wireless communications module, radio communication mold group starts to search net, and couples Central server.Camera powers on bat and takes picture and be sent to control module, and control module carries out at compression the picture of reading Reason, and mould group is uploaded to the progress fire review display such as external display device by wireless communication by picture.
When alarm is not detected in device, be in low-power consumption mode, total current be 10.9uA+3.5uA+0+10uA+1uA= 25.4uA, one day total power consumption are 0.610mAh/Day.
Device keeps network communication uploaded state (not opening camera) daily, is free of communications portion total current are as follows: 6mA+0+ 10uA+1uA=6.011mA completes to network to report daily to need 10s, total power consumption 0.017mAh/Day.
There are some differences according to network condition for radio communication mold group, and primary power consumption of networking daily is 0.18- 0.71mAh takes median 0.445mAh/Day, and adding up to daily total power consumption is 0.610+0.017+0.445=1.072mAh/Day.
The battery of one section 1500mAh capacity uses 1500/1.072=1400 day=3.8 years for device.
The battery of two section 1500mAh reliably works 5 years or more for device.
Primary alarm occurs, uploads power consumption calculation required for an image:
After Smoke Detection sensor detects alarm, control module is waken up, control module starts camera 3 seconds, reads 2-3 width Photo, and compressed, camera is then set to standby mode, starting radio communication mold group networking uploads data external Server about needs the 5-10s time according to picture size, and camera is then placed in suspend mode standby mode.
Operating current during this are as follows: 6mA+100mA+100mA+10uA=206.01mA;
Power consumption (is calculated) by 20s are as follows: 206.01mA*20/3600=1.145mAh;
Reporting power consumption consumed by image every time is 1.145mAh, and the normal use power consumption with one day is roughly the same.
Power consumption calculation when camera does not use activation of alarm:
What the present embodiment was selected is camera that stand-by power consumption is only 0.6mA, this is usually negligible electric current, but Using on battery powered smoke sensor device, this electric current is that can not bear.By taking a section 1500mAh battery as an example, only may be used It is 1500/0.6/24=104.17 day for camera stand-by time.
By comparing calculation, the smoke detection device of camera is configured, even if camera, control module, radio communication mold It is low power consumpting state under group normal operating condition, it still can be quickly by battery using the scheme of battery power supply and Wireless transceiver Electric quantity consumption finishes, if reality can be unable to satisfy in the complexity for virtually increasing cost and structure design by increasing battery capacity For the demand of low-power consumption in the use of border.Meets the needs of actual use, it is necessary to really meet the needs of low-power consumption.
The present embodiment low-power consumption smoke detection device work when, control module first by the fire alarm signal received to Outside transmission carries out preliminary fire alarm, to cause the vigilance of monitoring personnel, then, after receiving picture or video, then The accuracy of smoke detection module detection result is manually further veritified according to the picture of picture or video by monitoring personnel;Or Person first provides preliminary review by preset identification software program progress smog anticipation and suggests, then is manually combined tentatively by monitoring personnel The picture of review suggestion and picture or video further veritifies the accuracy of smoke detection module detection result;Wherein smog It is judged in identification video or image can be realized using existing image recognition processing technology, herein not with the presence or absence of smog in advance The image recognition for how realizing smog repeated.Final monitoring personnel promptly determines whether that starting linkage disappears according to the result of review Anti- facility and report fire department.
The fire alarm signal of the present embodiment and information to be checked can almost reach at reviewing officer simultaneously, can not only It is enough to report fire alarm signal rapidly, also solve the problem of needing background monitoring personnel's frequent progress scene to check and can not The problem of carrying out scene review is reached in time.
Under normal circumstances, control module and radio communication mold group are in low to the low-power consumption smoke detection device of the present embodiment Power consumption state, camera is then not charged, and only when smoke detection module detects that smog occurs, it is wireless to wake up control module control Communications module work and control camera electrifying startup shooting, and control camera and immediately enter the standby shape of suspend mode after the picture is taken State powers on the time of shooting by the time and camera that shorten control module and radio communication mold group working condition, reduces The power consumption penalty that whole device working condition generates, extends the service life of battery, is really achieved the purpose of low-power consumption.
Be under normal circumstances by camera in this present embodiment it is uncharged, only detect cigarette in smoke detection module Ability electrifying startup is shot when mist occurs, and is solved in the possible privacy puzzlement of monitoring area installation camera.
In addition, the low-power consumption smoke detection device of the present embodiment is powered by using battery and the scheme of low-power consumption is set Meter, on the basis of meeting power consumption needed for assembly monitor, without considering the wiring of power supply line and signal wire under wired power supply mode Problem, it is also worried there is no need to frequently replace brought installation fastly because of battery energy consumption.
Particularly, the control module in the present embodiment, after receiving fire alarm signal can directly in response to reception, and The opening control signal of its starting of driving is issued to switch module.Control module without consume extra power consumption go to carry out it is extra The current supply circuit that switch module opens camera can be driven in logical operation, to further reduce the power consumption penalty of battery.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Fig. 2, present embodiments providing a kind of side for resetting the low-power consumption smoke detection device after review Formula:
The smoke detection module, for resetting successfully confirmation signal to control module transmission after executing ann reset; Reset button can be set in the smoke detection module, for the reset after the scene review at fire alarm scene;
The control module, for receive it is described reset to send to the switch module after successfully confirmation signal disconnect control Signal;
The switch module, for being cut off between the battery and the camera after receiving the disconnection control signal For electrical connection.
Camera once power on take pictures after, be set as not directly by camera power operation, but be placed in suspend mode and wait for Machine state still needs to consumption electric energy, determines again by camera power operation after executing ann reset with smoke detection module, that is, ensure The secondary fire dangerous situation allows the power-off of camera investment next time to monitor again after releasing, guarantee continuity of the device for monitoring, real The purpose of existing fire review, while that saves battery uses electric consumption.In addition, review terminate and smoke detection module successfully reset Camera is powered off afterwards, is worked on power so that camera is triggered by the alarm signal of smoke detection module, at other times section Then be in electroless state, can not by control camera be monitored, user would not also generate the moment be in camera monitoring In brought privacy concern, promote the usage experience of user.
In specific actual use, reset button is can be set in the smoke detection module, for fire alarm scene Reset after the review of scene.The smoke detection module is after sensing fire alarm in addition to this low-power consumption smoke detection device Fire alarm signal is sent, while can also issue sound-light alarm information and carry out onsite alarming prompting, after review, scene is attached Person of modern times person or Field Force can be quickly found out the low-power consumption smoke detection device of alarm, and it is multiple further to carry out scene after review Bit manipulation or the directly scene of carrying out, which reset, to be operated.
Embodiment 3
As shown in figure 3, the present embodiment the difference from example 2 is that:
The control module, for after the reseting controling signal received by the radio communication mold group, Xiang Suoshu smog Detecting module sends reset command, and according to the reset of smoke detection module feedback success confirmation signal to the switch Module, which is sent, disconnects control signal;
The smoke detection module, for executing ann reset after receiving the reset command, and to the control module It feeds back and described resets successfully confirmation signal;
The switch module, for being cut off between the battery and the camera after receiving the disconnection control signal For electrical connection.
The reset mode of the present embodiment, suitable for the remote reset after the long-range review at fire alarm scene, reset command It is remotely issued after the completion of review by outside, equally can be realized the purpose in embodiment 2 and generates effect same as Example 2 Fruit.
Embodiment 4
As shown in figure 4, the present embodiment and the difference of embodiment 3 are:
The control module, for after the reseting controling signal received by the radio communication mold group, to the switch Module, which is sent, disconnects control signal, and sends reset command to the smoke detection module;
The switch module, for cutting off between the battery and the camera after receiving the disconnection control signal For electrical connection;
The smoke detection module, for executing ann reset after receiving the reset command;Particularly, the smog is visited Surveying module can also be to control module feedback reset success confirmation signal, to ensure that smoke detection module successful execution is reported It is alert to reset operation.
When control module receives reseting controling signal, illustrate that checking result is no fire alarm, it can be by camera and cigarette Mist detecting module is resetted.And the power operation of camera and the ann reset of smoke detection module are carried out simultaneously, it is not necessary to The reset of smoke detection module is waited as a result, avoiding successfully resetting so that camera is in always due to smoke detection module Power-up state and generate unnecessary power consumption penalty.
Embodiment 5
As shown in figure 5, present embodiments providing another low-power consumption smoke detection device, which includes battery, smog Detecting module, control module, switch module, radio communication mold group and camera;
The battery provides power supply for the smoke detection module, the radio communication mold group and the control module;
The smoke detection module is communicated to connect with the control terminal of the switch module, for after sensing fire alarm to The switch module sends fire alarm signal;
The switch module is connected electrically in the current supply circuit constituted between the battery and the camera, for receiving Connected after to the fire alarm signal between the battery and the camera for being electrically connected;The switch module can be It is arbitrarily able to respond the fire alarm signal and carries out the switch shape of the current supply circuit between the battery and the camera The circuit module or device of state switching, specifically, the switch module is a MOS switch pipe, the pole G of the MOS switch pipe As the control terminal of the switch module, it is connected to the fire alarm signal output end of the smoke detection module, the MOS is opened The pole S for closing pipe is connected to the voltage output end of the battery, and the voltage that the pole D of the MOS switch pipe connects the camera is defeated Enter end;The conducting and shutdown between the low and high level signal control pole S and the pole D based on the received of the pole G of the MOS switch pipe, it is real Between the existing battery and the camera for being electrically connected;
The camera is communicated to connect with the control module, for starting work according to the demand of the control module and mentioning For corresponding picture or/and video information, and suspend mode is in after the control module receives the picture or/and video information Standby mode;
The radio communication mold group is communicated to connect with the control module, for by the picture or/and video information and described The fire alarm signal that control module generates is transmitted to outside and is checked for fire alarm and fire;Only due to the camera Corresponding picture or/and video are provided to the control module after the fire alarm signal for receiving the smoke detection module Information, the fire alarm signal of the smoke detection module just produce corresponding relationship, therefore institute with picture or/and video information Fire alarm signal can be generated for fire alarm according to the picture or/and video information received by stating control module.
In the present embodiment, in addition to the network communication of startup self-detection and timing, device is all in low power mode of operation.Its In, the electric current that smoke detection module works normally is very low, and only 10uA or so can be constantly in working condition, work as smoke detection When module detects smog alarm, smoke detection module opens camera power supply by MOS switch pipe, and camera is called out by signal Control module of waking up is started to work, and is initialized to camera, while wake on wireless communications module, radio communication mold group starts to search Net, and couple central server.Camera powers on bat and takes picture or video and be sent to control module, and control module is to reading Picture or video carry out compression processing, and by picture or video by wireless communication mould group be uploaded to external display device etc. into The review display of row fire.
The low-power consumption smoke detection device of the present embodiment is special relative to the low-power consumption smoke detection device of embodiment 1 It is the camera in the present embodiment, due to its not charged work in normal condition, triggering works on power also not by control mould Block is directly controlled by the fire alarm signal of smoke detection module completely, and section can not be by controlling mould at any time by user Block starts camera when smoke detection module is not alarmed, and farthest solves the privacy concern of user, promotes user's Usage experience.
Embodiment 6
As shown in fig. 6, the present embodiment and the difference of embodiment 5 are:
The smoke detection module, connect with the control module, for after sensing fire alarm to the control module Send fire alarm signal.
In addition to the network communication of startup self-detection and timing, device is all in low power mode of operation.When smoke detection mould When block detects smog alarm, smoke detection module opens camera power supply by switch module, also passes through fire alarm signal It wakes up control module to start to work, control module can be waken up while camera powers on.
The wake-up mode for present embodiments providing a kind of control module different from embodiment 5, using calling out for the present embodiment The mode of waking up, on the basis of realizing 5 function of embodiment, without to carrying out special wake-up mechanism between camera and control module Design directly wakes up control module by the fire alarm signal of smoke detection module, and response is rapidly and design is simple.
Embodiment 7
As shown in fig. 7, the low-power consumption smoke detection device present embodiments provided in a kind of embodiment 5 resets after review Mode:
The smoke detection module, for resetting successfully confirmation signal to switch module transmission after executing ann reset;
The switch module, for receive it is described reset cut off after successfully confirmation signal the battery and the camera it Between for electrical connection.
The present embodiment is suitable for the reset after the scene review at fire alarm scene, can pass through the smoke detection module Reset button is arranged to realize.
Camera in the present embodiment once power on take pictures after, be set as not directly by camera power operation, But it is placed in suspend mode standby mode and still needs to consumption electric energy, with determination powers off camera again after smoke detection module execution ann reset Operation, that is, ensure to allow the power-off of camera investment next time to monitor again after the secondary fire dangerous situation releases, guarantee device for monitoring Continuity, realize the purpose of fire review, while that saves battery uses electric consumption.
Camera powered off after review terminates and smoke detection module successfully resets so that the electrifying startup of camera and Power operation is directly controlled by the fire alarm signal of smoke detection module completely and resets successfully confirmation signal, and user can not lead to Cross control module control camera be monitored, user would not also generate the moment be in camera monitoring in brought privacy Worry further promotes the usage experience of user.
Particularly, in the present embodiment, the smoke detection module is also communicated to connect with the control module, for holding Successfully confirmation signal is resetted to the control module and switch module transmission respectively after row ann reset, to notify the control The molding block smoke detection module has resetted success, whole device can be set as low-power consumption power down mode.
Embodiment 8
As shown in figure 8, the low-power consumption smoke detection device present embodiments provided in another embodiment 5 is multiple after review The mode of position:
The control module is communicated to connect with the smoke detection module, for receiving by the radio communication mold group Reseting controling signal after, Xiang Suoshu smoke detection module send reset command;
The smoke detection module, for executing ann reset after receiving the reset command, and to the switch module It sends and described resets successfully confirmation signal;Or described reset successfully is sent to the control module and the switch module respectively Confirmation signal, to notify smoke detection module described in the control module to reset success simultaneously;
The switch module, for receive it is described reset cut off after successfully confirmation signal the battery and the camera it Between for electrical connection.
The reset mode of the present embodiment, suitable for the remote reset after the long-range review at fire alarm scene, reset command It is remotely issued after the completion of review by outside, equally can be realized the purpose in embodiment 6 and generates effect same as Example 6 Fruit.
Embodiment 9
As shown in figure 9, present embodiments providing a kind of fire monitoring system:
The system include one or more be laid in monitoring area the low-power consumption smoke detection device and one or Multiple user monitoring terminals;
The low-power consumption smoke detection device is provided with unique identifier;
The user monitoring terminal is connect, for obtaining the low-power consumption with the low-power consumption smoke detection device wireless communication The unique identifier of smoke detection device is visited to identify the low-power consumption smoke detection device for obtaining the low-power consumption sense cigarette The fire alarm signal and the picture or/and video information of survey device acquisition are so as to the low-power consumption smoke detection device Place monitoring area carries out fire alarm and fire review.
Particularly, it after fire does not occur for review, can be assigned by the user monitoring terminal to the control module Reseting controling signal, to realize long-range reset.
Specifically, the user monitoring terminal, can use ipc monitor device, be placed on background monitoring room, be applicable in prison It controls and is capable of the region of Centralized Monitoring in factory, corridor etc..The low-power consumption smoke detection device is received in ipc monitor device Unique identifier and the fire alarm signal and the picture or/and video information after, background monitoring personnel are further The accuracy of smoke detection module detection result is veritified, and when determining generation fire dangerous situation, fire position can be locked rapidly It sets, and then can determine starting linkage fire fighting device rapidly or report fire department.
The user monitoring terminal can also be suitable for monitoring family, factory's dormitory using hand-held mobile terminals such as mobile phones Deng the region of individual's monitoring.Unique identifier and the institute of the low-power consumption smoke detection device are received by hand-held mobile terminal Fire alarm signal and the picture or/and video information are stated, smoke detection module detection result remotely can be further veritified Accuracy, to exclude fire hazard rapidly.Meanwhile the hand-held mobile terminal for multiple users that network, it can be avoided because a people supervises Review caused by control carelessness is omitted.
Particularly, the user monitoring terminal, which may be arranged as ipc monitor device and hand-held mobile terminal combination, makes With.
Embodiment 10
The present embodiment and the difference of embodiment 8 are:
The user monitoring terminal is checked for checking situation according to fire to the transmission of corresponding low-power consumption smoke detection device again Signal, and the picture or/and video information that are acquired again according to the low-power consumption smoke detection device of acquisition are multiple again for fire Core.
During the alarm of low-power consumption smoke detection device, it is possible to which the photo or video that camera provides for the first time after powering on are not It is able to satisfy the requirement of review, needs the further photo of camera stopping suspend mode standby mode offer or video to check again, Until fully achieving review confirmation.When review completion, after the homing action of low-power consumption smoke detection device terminates, at this time By user monitoring terminal, the picture or video data that obtain scene again will be unable to.
Embodiment 11
The present embodiment and the difference of embodiment 8 are:
The user monitoring terminal resets control for checking situation according to fire and sending to corresponding low-power consumption smoke detection device Signal processed, and obtain the reset success confirmation signal of low-power consumption smoke detection device feedback.
In the present embodiment, which makes to user monitoring terminal feedback reset success confirmation signal It obtains user and knows that smoke detection module has resetted success in time rapidly, it is ensured that the low-power consumption smoke detection device terminates in review It puts into the circulation of fire hazard monitoring next time rapidly afterwards.
Embodiment 12
The difference of the present embodiment and embodiment 9-10 is:
The low-power consumption smoke detection device further includes the battery capacity monitoring circuit being electrically connected with the battery;User's prison Control terminal is monitored for obtaining the battery capacity of the low-power consumption smoke detection device.
Due in the actual use process, wrong report etc. caused by various environmental factors is possible to will appear camera frequent Powering on use causes battery to rapidly deplete the case where finishing and not knowing, to influence normal use, is monitored by the electricity of battery, The remaining capacity of energy timely learning battery, can also remind user to replace in time when battery will be exhausted.The present embodiment The battery capacity monitoring circuit proposed, as long as being able to achieve the electricity monitoring of battery, conventional technical means be can be realized, This example details are not described herein its particular circuit configurations.
Finally it should be noted that: the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical scheme of the present invention and are not intended to be limiting thereof;To the greatest extent The present invention is described in detail with reference to preferred embodiments for pipe, it should be understood by those ordinary skilled in the art that: still It can modify to a specific embodiment of the invention or some technical features can be equivalently replaced;Without departing from this hair The spirit of bright technical solution should all cover within the scope of the technical scheme claimed by the invention.

Claims (12)

1. a kind of low-power consumption smoke detection device, it is characterised in that: the detection device includes battery, smoke detection module, control Module, switch module, radio communication mold group and camera;
The battery provides power supply for the smoke detection module, the radio communication mold group and the control module;
The smoke detection module, with the control module communicate to connect, for after sensing fire alarm to the control Module sends fire alarm signal;
The control module is communicated to connect with the control terminal of the switch module, for receiving the fire alarm signal Opening control signal is sent to the switch module afterwards;
The switch module is connected electrically in the current supply circuit constituted between the battery and the camera, for receiving Connected after to opening control signal between the battery and the camera for being electrically connected;
The camera is communicated to connect with the control module, for starting work according to the demand of the control module and mentioning For corresponding picture or/and video information, and suspend mode is in after the control module receives the picture or/and video information Standby mode;
The radio communication mold group, communicates to connect with the control module, the fire for acquiring the control module Alarm signal and the picture or/and video information are transmitted to outside and are checked for fire alarm and fire.
2. low-power consumption smoke detection device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The smoke detection module, for resetting successfully confirmation signal to control module transmission after executing ann reset;
The control module, for receive it is described reset to send to the switch module after successfully confirmation signal disconnect control Signal;
The switch module, for being cut off between the battery and the camera after receiving the disconnection control signal For electrical connection.
3. low-power consumption smoke detection device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The control module, for after the reseting controling signal received by the radio communication mold group, to the switch Module, which is sent, disconnects control signal, and sends reset command to the smoke detection module;
The switch module, for cutting off between the battery and the camera after receiving the disconnection control signal For electrical connection;
The smoke detection module, for executing ann reset after receiving the reset command.
4. low-power consumption smoke detection device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The control module, for after the reseting controling signal received by the radio communication mold group, Xiang Suoshu smog Detecting module sends reset command, and according to the reset of smoke detection module feedback success confirmation signal to the switch Module, which is sent, disconnects control signal;
The smoke detection module, for executing ann reset after receiving the reset command, and to the control module It feeds back and described resets successfully confirmation signal;
The switch module, for being cut off between the battery and the camera after receiving the disconnection control signal For electrical connection.
5. a kind of low-power consumption smoke detection device, it is characterised in that:
The detection device includes battery, smoke detection module, control module, switch module, radio communication mold group and camera;
The battery provides power supply for the smoke detection module, the radio communication mold group and the control module;
The smoke detection module is communicated to connect with the control terminal of the switch module, for after sensing fire alarm to The switch module sends fire alarm signal;
The switch module is connected electrically in the current supply circuit constituted between the battery and the camera, for receiving Connected after to the fire alarm signal between the battery and the camera for being electrically connected;
The camera is communicated to connect with the control module, for starting work according to the demand of the control module and mentioning For corresponding picture or/and video information, and suspend mode is in after the control module receives the picture or/and video information Standby mode;
The radio communication mold group is communicated to connect with the control module, for by the picture or/and video information and described The fire alarm signal that control module generates is transmitted to outside and is checked for fire alarm and fire.
6. low-power consumption smoke detection device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:
The smoke detection module, connect with the control module, for after sensing fire alarm to the control module Send fire alarm signal.
7. low-power consumption smoke detection device according to claim 5 or 6, it is characterised in that:
The smoke detection module, for resetting successfully confirmation signal to switch module transmission after executing ann reset;
The switch module, for receive it is described reset cut off after successfully confirmation signal the battery and the camera it Between for electrical connection.
8. low-power consumption smoke detection device according to claim 5 or 6, it is characterised in that:
The control module is communicated to connect with the smoke detection module, for receiving by the radio communication mold group Reseting controling signal after, Xiang Suoshu smoke detection module send reset command;
The smoke detection module, for executing ann reset after receiving the reset command, and to the switch module Send it is described reset successfully confirmation signal, or send described reset successfully to the control module and the switch module respectively Confirmation signal;
The switch module, for receive it is described reset cut off after successfully confirmation signal the battery and the camera it Between for electrical connection.
9. a kind of fire monitoring system based on any one of the claim 1-8 low-power consumption smoke detection device, feature exist In:
The system include one or more be laid in monitoring area the low-power consumption smoke detection device and one or Multiple user monitoring terminals;
The low-power consumption smoke detection device is provided with unique identifier;
The user monitoring terminal is connect, for obtaining the low-power consumption with the low-power consumption smoke detection device wireless communication The unique identifier of smoke detection device is visited to identify the low-power consumption smoke detection device for obtaining the low-power consumption sense cigarette The fire alarm signal and the picture or/and video information of survey device acquisition are so as to the low-power consumption smoke detection device Place monitoring area carries out fire alarm and fire review.
10. fire monitoring system according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:
The user monitoring terminal is checked for checking situation according to fire to the transmission of corresponding low-power consumption smoke detection device again Signal, and the picture or/and video information that are acquired again according to the low-power consumption smoke detection device of acquisition are multiple again for fire Core.
11. fire monitoring system according to claim 9 or 10, it is characterised in that:
The user monitoring terminal resets control for checking situation according to fire and sending to corresponding low-power consumption smoke detection device Signal processed, and obtain the reset success confirmation signal of low-power consumption smoke detection device feedback.
12. fire monitoring system according to claim 9 or 10, it is characterised in that:
The low-power consumption smoke detection device further includes the battery capacity monitoring circuit being electrically connected with the battery;
The user monitoring terminal is monitored for obtaining the battery capacity of the low-power consumption smoke detection device.
CN201910094735.8A 2019-01-31 2019-01-31 Low-power consumption smoke detection device and fire monitoring system based on it Pending CN109816923A (en)

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CN113570808A (en) * 2021-07-08 2021-10-29 郑州海为电子科技有限公司 Wireless smoke detector based on ZYNQ7020
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