CN109794805A - A kind of cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device and its detection method - Google Patents

A kind of cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device and its detection method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN109794805A
CN109794805A CN201910060031.9A CN201910060031A CN109794805A CN 109794805 A CN109794805 A CN 109794805A CN 201910060031 A CN201910060031 A CN 201910060031A CN 109794805 A CN109794805 A CN 109794805A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gauge head
measured workpiece
detection
axis
workpiece
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910060031.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张海星
刘旭
许子龙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xi'an Carved Software Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Xi'an Carved Software Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xi'an Carved Software Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Xi'an Carved Software Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910060031.9A priority Critical patent/CN109794805A/en
Publication of CN109794805A publication Critical patent/CN109794805A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

A kind of cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device and its detection method, detection device include measured workpiece installing mechanism, measuring mechanism and detection driving mechanism;Measured workpiece installing mechanism includes X-axis lead screw and X-axis guide rail, and measured workpiece is mounted on the top of clamping tool;Measuring mechanism includes gauge head unit, and gauge head unit is mounted on gauge head mounting plate, and gauge head mounting plate is mounted in gauge head mounting base;Position by adjusting gauge head mounting plate and gauge head mounting base makes stylus and measured workpiece be in sustained height, and stylus contact issues signal behind measured workpiece surface, this signal is received by the receiver and is transmitted to digital control system;Detection driving mechanism includes supporting platform and gauge head installation axis rail and gauge head installation axle lead screw that driving gauge head unit moves along the y axis.The present invention can in process in real time measure workpiece internal taper hole bus, by measurement result to the internal taper hole bus position coordinates on-line checking after processing, guarantee the consistency of converted products.

Description

A kind of cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device and its detection method
Technical field
The invention belongs to the automatic manufacture field of part, it is related to a kind of cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device and its inspection Survey method.
Background technique
It will be measured when part is processed automatically using various means and be compared with similar standard volume, so that it is determined that being measured Size.According to whether measured parameter is directly measured, it is divided into directly measurement and measurement indirectly;According to measurer amount instrument size value whether The numerical value for directly indicating measured size, can be divided into absolute measurement and relative measurement;According to the measurement of measured surface and measurer amount instrument Whether head contacts, and is divided into contact measurement and non-cpntact measurement;According to measurement role in process, it is divided into and actively surveys Amount and passive measurement.The reading value of absolute measurement can directly reflect the size of measured size, such as be measured with vernier caliper Method be absolute measurement.Reading value in relative measurement only indicates deviation of the measured size relative to standard volume.Actively survey Amount is to measure in process, and the directly available process to control part of measurement result reduces rejected product It generates.Passive measurement refers to the measurement completed after processing, and this measurement method may only determine whether part is qualified, cannot complete On-line amending and compensation.
The measurement of part bus can be ignored in automated production, existing artificial detection method can not also be applied to automatic metaplasia In producing line, in automatic detection, although circularity, dimensional tolerance etc. are all satisfied requirement in drawing, without carrying out bus measurement, Be likely to result in part and integrally generate deflection, thus find it is a kind of can be applied to automation cone hole machine bus detection method extremely It closes important.
In bus measurement, it is the measurement of taper hole that difficulty is biggish.There are taper hole inner space mistakes for the measurement of internal taper hole bus It is small, the problems such as excessively high, tolerance is not achieved in measurement accuracy, is required to measuring instrument size and measurement method.Existing detection side Method has certain problems, and is unable to measure taper hole bus.Although general dial test indicator precision can achieve, but can only The tolerances factors such as the circle bounce to taper hole surface measure, and can not complete measurement and note to the position coordinates put on fixed bus Record.On the other hand, the indicator of the measuring instruments such as dial test indicator, which is difficult to be deep into inside internal taper hole, measures, use condition limit It makes more.
Another common detection device is three coordinate measuring machine in general factory, three coordinate measuring machine have measurement accuracy it is high, The advantages that measurable range is wide.But three coordinate measuring machine higher cost, size are larger, can not be directly installed on automated production In unit.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to be directed to above-mentioned the problems of the prior art, it is automatic to provide a kind of cone hole machine bus deviation Detection device and its detection method can be realized in process, measure in real time to workpiece internal taper hole bus, pass through survey It measures result and on-line checking is carried out to the bus position coordinates of the internal taper hole after processing, guarantee the consistency of converted products.
To achieve the goals above, cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device of the present invention includes measured workpiece fitting machine Structure, measuring mechanism and detection driving mechanism;Measured workpiece installing mechanism includes X-axis lead screw and X-axis guide rail, and X-axis lead screw drives Clamping tool moves in X-axis guide rail, and measured workpiece is mounted on the top of clamping tool;Measuring mechanism includes the survey with stylus Head device, gauge head unit are mounted on gauge head mounting plate, and gauge head mounting plate is mounted in gauge head mounting base;By adjusting gauge head peace The position of loading board and gauge head mounting base makes stylus and measured workpiece is in sustained height, and stylus contact issues behind measured workpiece surface Signal, this signal are received by the receiver and are transmitted to digital control system;Detecting driving mechanism includes bearing measured workpiece installing mechanism The gauge head installation axis rail and gauge head installation axial filament moved along the y axis with the platform and driving gauge head unit of measuring mechanism Thick stick.
The measured workpiece installing mechanism includes X-axis bellows, and the detection driving mechanism includes that gauge head end skin is old Tiger completes measured workpiece and gauge head in the protection of X-axis, Y direction upper feeding by X-axis bellows and gauge head end bellows.
The position of the gauge head mounting plate and gauge head mounting base is adjusted by gauge head backing plate.
Clamping tool uses the electro spindle with inner conical surface, by the successive clamping fixed standard workpiece of clamping tool and is tested Workpiece.
Gauge head backing plate is installed in the gauge head mounting base bottom, and gauge head backing plate is supported on contact area and expands on backing plate.
The surrounding of gauge head unit is provided with gauge head protective plate, and gauge head protective plate guarantees at the top of gauge head and side is not by cutting fluid It influences.
Cone hole machine bus deviation automatic testing method of the present invention, comprising the following steps:
A) before processing measured workpiece, standard workpiece is sandwiched on the top of clamping tool, passes through digital control system macroprogram And G code programming, so that gauge head unit is carried out point-to-point measurement along the positive Y-direction of internal taper hole, obtains accurate coordinate value;According to what is obtained Coordinate value completes linear line fitting by least square method, and the slope of straight line is stored;
B) clamping tool is rotated by 90 °, 180 °, 270 ° respectively, is repeated the above steps;
C) standard component is taken out, is put into measured workpiece to be processed, wait measured workpiece after processing is completed, make gauge head along Point-to-point measurement is carried out with inner cone hole face of the position same in standard component measurement process to measured workpiece;Calculate the point that measurement obtains Coordinate value, obtain straight slope, this result obtained into result with standard component measurement and is compared, analyze the bus of measured workpiece Deviation.
Compared with prior art, the present invention is with following the utility model has the advantages that by the way that lead screw, guide rail, sliding block is added and watches It takes motor etc. and realizes automation control and automation driving, by the way that the gauge head unit with stylus and matched numerical control system is added System realizes measuring point function on fixed bus.The present invention can be realized in process, carry out in real time to workpiece internal taper hole bus Measurement carries out on-line checking by bus position coordinates of the measurement result to the internal taper hole after processing, guarantees the one of converted products Cause property.Structure of the detecting device of the invention is simply and readily realized, can be given full play to gauge head and be detected the excellent of bus deviation automatically Gesture.
Further, the present invention is provided with gauge head protective plate in the surrounding of gauge head unit, realizes machine by gauge head protection mechanism The function of on-line measurement, makes gauge head in process not by the damage of cutting fluid in bed processing environment.
Detailed description of the invention
The positive structure diagram of Fig. 1 detection device of the present invention;
The schematic cross-sectional view of Fig. 2 gauge head installation axle of the present invention;
The overlooking structure diagram of Fig. 3 gauge head installation axle of the present invention;
In attached drawing: 1-X axial filament thick stick;2- clamping tool;3-X axis rail;4- measured workpiece;5-X axis bellows;6- gauge head dress It sets;7- gauge head protective plate;8- gauge head mounting plate;9- gauge head mounting base;10- gauge head backing plate;11- contact area expands backing plate;12- Motor shroud;13- gauge head installation axle lead screw;14- gauge head end bellows;15- motor;16- guide rail;17- upper guard board.
Specific embodiment
Specific embodiments of the present invention are given below, it should be noted that the invention is not limited to implement in detail below Example, all equivalent transformations made on the basis of the technical solutions of the present application each fall within protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to Fig. 1-3, cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device of the present invention and its detection method can be in processing zero After part internal taper hole, the function of automatic detection part internal taper hole bus is realized.
Detection device includes measured workpiece installing mechanism, measuring mechanism and detection driving mechanism.
Measuring mechanism is mainly by gauge head unit 6, gauge head protective plate 7, gauge head mounting plate 8, gauge head mounting base 9, gauge head backing plate 10 compositions;The effect of gauge head mounting plate 8, gauge head mounting base 9, gauge head backing plate 10, contact area expansion backing plate 11 is to fill gauge head Installation is set into workbench;Since gauge head is high precision measuring instrument, the cutting fluid that lathe generates in production process is right for a long time Gauge head etch, which is washed away, can seriously affect gauge head precision, or even gauge head can be made to break down, so it is anti-that gauge head is added in gauge head surrounding Backplate 7 guarantees not influenced by cutting fluid at the top of gauge head with side;In gauge head unit 6 behind stylus contact measured object surface, gauge head meeting Signal is issued, this signal is received by the receiver and passes through data line and be transmitted to digital control system and handled;By adjusting gauge head peace The position of loading board 8 and gauge head mounting base 9, the height of adjustable gauge head unit 6 allow to be in same with measured workpiece 4 Highly.
Measured workpiece installing mechanism is mainly by measured workpiece 4, X-axis lead screw 1, clamping tool 2, X-axis guide rail 3, X-axis bellows 5 equal compositions;2 analog grinding machine mechanism of clamping tool provides and clamps workpiece, guarantee working axiality, provide revolving speed.
Driving mechanism is detected mainly by workbench, motor 15, guide rail 16, gauge head installation axle lead screw 13, gauge head end bellows 14 and upper guard board 17 form;Workbench is mainly the effect for connecting gauge head unit 6 and guide rail 16, gauge head installation axle lead screw 13; Motor 15, guide rail 16, gauge head installation axle lead screw 13 complete run action control by industrial personal computer.
The detection method of cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device of the present invention is as follows:
In processing 4 early period of measured workpiece, standard workpiece is sandwiched at the inner conical surface position of clamping tool 2.By controlling X-axis silk The components such as thick stick 3, motor 15, gauge head installation axle lead screw 13 complete the X-axis of main shaft and gauge head, Y-axis is fed.Pass through the macro journey of digital control system Sequence and G code programming make gauge head carry out point-to-point measurement along the positive Y-direction of internal taper hole, obtain accurate coordinate value.According to obtained seat Scale value completes linear line fitting by least square method, and the slope for the straight line that fitting obtains is stored, conveniently and later Obtained result is measured to be compared.Clamping tool 2 is rotated by 90 °, 180 °, 270 ° respectively, is repeated the above steps.
Standard component is taken out from clamping tool 2, is put into workpiece to be added, part is waited after processing is completed, passes through industrial personal computer Program carries out automatically controlling X-axis, y-axis motor, make gauge head along with position same in standard component measurement process to tested work The inner cone hole face of part 4 carries out point-to-point measurement.The coordinate value for the point that measurement is obtained carries out analytical calculation, obtains straight slope.It will This result obtains result with standard component measurement and is compared, and analyzes the bus deviation of measured workpiece.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device, it is characterised in that: including measured workpiece installing mechanism, measuring machine Structure and detection driving mechanism;Measured workpiece installing mechanism includes X-axis lead screw (1) and X-axis guide rail (3), and X-axis lead screw (1) drives Clamping tool (2) moves on X-axis guide rail (3), and measured workpiece (4) is mounted on the top of clamping tool (2);Measuring mechanism includes Gauge head unit (6) with stylus, gauge head unit (6) are mounted on gauge head mounting plate (8), and gauge head mounting plate (8) is mounted on survey In head mounting base (9);Position by adjusting gauge head mounting plate (8) and gauge head mounting base (9) makes at stylus and measured workpiece (4) In sustained height, stylus contact issues signal behind measured workpiece (4) surface, this signal is received by the receiver and is transmitted to numerical control system System;Detection driving mechanism includes the platform for supporting measured workpiece installing mechanism and measuring mechanism and driving gauge head unit (6) along Y Gauge head installation axis rail (16) of axis direction movement and gauge head installation axle lead screw (13).
2. cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the tested work Part installing mechanism includes X-axis bellows (5), and the detection driving mechanism includes gauge head end bellows (14), old by X-axis skin Brave (5) and gauge head end bellows (14) complete measured workpiece and gauge head in the protection of X-axis, Y direction upper feeding.
3. cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the gauge head peace The position of loading board (8) and gauge head mounting base (9) is adjusted by gauge head backing plate (10).
4. cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the clamping work (2) are filled using the electro spindle with inner conical surface, pass through clamping tool (2) successively clamping fixed standard workpiece and measured workpiece (4).
5. cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the gauge head peace Seat (9) bottom installation gauge head backing plate (10) is filled, gauge head backing plate (10) is supported on contact area and expands on backing plate (11).
6. cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: gauge head unit (6) Surrounding be provided with gauge head protective plate (7), gauge head protective plate (7) guarantee gauge head at the top of and side do not influenced by cutting fluid.
7. a kind of detection method using cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device described in claim 1, which is characterized in that The following steps are included: sandwiching standard workpiece a) before processing measured workpiece (4) on the top of clamping tool (2), passing through numerical control System macroprogram and G code programming make gauge head unit (6) carry out point-to-point measurement along the positive Y-direction of internal taper hole, obtain accurate coordinate Value;Linear line fitting is completed by least square method according to obtained coordinate value, the slope of straight line is stored;It b) will folder Tight tooling (2) is rotated by 90 ° respectively, 180 °, 270 °, repeats the above steps;C) standard component is taken out, is put into tested work to be processed Part (4), wait measured workpiece (4) after processing is completed, make gauge head along with position same in standard component measurement process to be tested The inner cone hole face of workpiece carries out point-to-point measurement;The coordinate value for the point that measurement is obtained carries out analytical calculation, obtains straight slope, will This result obtains result with standard component measurement and is compared, and analyzes the bus deviation of measured workpiece (4).
CN201910060031.9A 2019-01-22 2019-01-22 A kind of cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device and its detection method Pending CN109794805A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910060031.9A CN109794805A (en) 2019-01-22 2019-01-22 A kind of cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device and its detection method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910060031.9A CN109794805A (en) 2019-01-22 2019-01-22 A kind of cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device and its detection method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109794805A true CN109794805A (en) 2019-05-24

Family

ID=66560069

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910060031.9A Pending CN109794805A (en) 2019-01-22 2019-01-22 A kind of cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device and its detection method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109794805A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110332885A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-10-15 桂林能创信息科技有限公司 A kind of robot grating is taken pictures the automated execution method of scanning system detection data
CN110977618A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-04-10 西安航天发动机有限公司 Method for acquiring bus data in inner wall partition area of titanium alloy spray pipe
CN111716249A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-09-29 西安精雕精密机械工程有限公司 Intelligent adjustment measuring structure and method for machining path

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2849651Y (en) * 2005-06-10 2006-12-20 北京工业大学 Paper cup measurer
CN103465108A (en) * 2013-09-13 2013-12-25 浙江大学 Contour error on-line measuring device of non-circular pin-hole of piston
CN204843713U (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-12-09 南京工程学院 Test bench is measured at machine to high accuracy gear
WO2016037567A1 (en) * 2014-09-09 2016-03-17 The Hong Kong University Of Science And Technology In-process measurement of component surfaces under coolant condition

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2849651Y (en) * 2005-06-10 2006-12-20 北京工业大学 Paper cup measurer
CN103465108A (en) * 2013-09-13 2013-12-25 浙江大学 Contour error on-line measuring device of non-circular pin-hole of piston
WO2016037567A1 (en) * 2014-09-09 2016-03-17 The Hong Kong University Of Science And Technology In-process measurement of component surfaces under coolant condition
CN204843713U (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-12-09 南京工程学院 Test bench is measured at machine to high accuracy gear

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110332885A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-10-15 桂林能创信息科技有限公司 A kind of robot grating is taken pictures the automated execution method of scanning system detection data
CN110977618A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-04-10 西安航天发动机有限公司 Method for acquiring bus data in inner wall partition area of titanium alloy spray pipe
CN110977618B (en) * 2019-12-02 2021-01-12 西安航天发动机有限公司 Method for acquiring bus data in inner wall partition area of titanium alloy spray pipe
CN111716249A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-09-29 西安精雕精密机械工程有限公司 Intelligent adjustment measuring structure and method for machining path

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN109794805A (en) A kind of cone hole machine bus deviation automatic detection device and its detection method
US5111590A (en) Measuring method of machine tool accuracy using a computer aided kinematic transducer link and its apparatus
EP1446636B2 (en) Dynamic artefact comparison
CN106471334B (en) calibration of a measuring probe
CN102927952B (en) Method for detecting diameter of outer wall of tapered case of aviation engine on line
US5778551A (en) Coordinate measuring apparatus having a device for profile measurements and method for making said profile measurements
EP0318557A1 (en) Workpiece inspection method.
CN101427100A (en) Method of error correction
CN105269404A (en) Detection device for knife point dynamic characteristics of numerical control machine tool and method of detection device
CN104568485A (en) Machine tool three-dimensional dynamic cutting force follow-up analog loading device
CN102658503B (en) Modal testing method of numerical control machine tool feed system based on built-in sensors
CN103868441A (en) Test tool for detecting planeness of workpiece
CN101187538A (en) Screw gauge detection method
CN110539020A (en) Precision self-diagnosis method for double five-axis mirror milling machine tool
TW201800178A (en) Five-axis machine tool error detection method in which a probe assembly including a standard sphere is installed on the five-axis machine tool to be measured and a probe is moved to contact the standard sphere and feeds a signal back
Surkov Development of methods and means of coordinate measurements for linear and angular parameters of cutting instruments
CN104166373A (en) Online detecting method and system for numerical control machine tool machining error
Bohan et al. Study on pre-travel behaviour of touch trigger probe under actual measuring conditions
Muelaner et al. Rapid machine tool verification
CN105783677A (en) Simple detection device of circularity and linearity of bar stock
CN103659466B (en) Trigger sensor axially triggers calibration method and the calibrating accessory of stroke
Del Guerra et al. Development of a low cost Touch Trigger Probe for CNC Lathes
Achelker et al. Performance evaluation of machine tool probe for in-process inspection of 2d and 3d geometries
CN110977612A (en) CNC (computer numerical control) machining online measurement error correction method and system
Woźniak et al. Measurement hysteresis of touch-trigger probes for CNC machine tools

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination