CN109780518B - Steam generator of intelligent control box water level - Google Patents

Steam generator of intelligent control box water level Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN109780518B
CN109780518B CN201811347469.7A CN201811347469A CN109780518B CN 109780518 B CN109780518 B CN 109780518B CN 201811347469 A CN201811347469 A CN 201811347469A CN 109780518 B CN109780518 B CN 109780518B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
power
water
water level
heating
steam
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201811347469.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109780518A (en
Inventor
李郁峰
杨福合
刘中柱
李战芬
刘彦臣
王海霞
陈东印
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
North University of China
Original Assignee
North University of China
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by North University of China filed Critical North University of China
Priority to CN201811347469.7A priority Critical patent/CN109780518B/en
Publication of CN109780518A publication Critical patent/CN109780518A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109780518B publication Critical patent/CN109780518B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention provides a steam generator, which comprises a box body and an inner pipe body, wherein the inner pipe body comprises an outer pipe and a core body arranged in the outer pipe; the water enters the box body from the water tank through the water pump; the water level sensor, the electric heater and the water pump are in data connection with the controller, and the controller automatically controls the power of the water pump according to the measured water level in the box. According to the invention, by controlling the water level, the phenomenon that the steam output rate is unstable due to the fact that the water level is too high or too low is avoided.

Description

Steam generator of intelligent control box water level
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of boilers, in particular to an intelligently controlled steam generator.
Background
Steam generators are mechanical devices that utilize the heat energy of a fuel or other energy source to heat water into steam. The steam generator has wide application field and is widely applied to places such as clothing factories, dry cleaning shops, restaurants, bunkers, canteens, restaurants, factories and mines, bean product factories and the like.
The existing steam generator mostly adopts gas or fuel oil for heating, and the heating efficiency is low, and the existing electric heating steam generator mostly adopts an electric heating pipe arranged at the bottom of a water supply tank for directly heating water in the water supply tank to generate steam. The electric heating steam generator has the problems of slow heating and low heat efficiency.
For example, chinese patent document CN2071061U discloses a steam generator for beauty treatment and health care, which comprises a metal electrode plate, a housing made of heat-resistant plastic, a steam outlet cover plate, an internal baffle plate, and a movable handle, wherein the metal electrode plate must be connected to a power supply through a power line, the housing is provided with an internal baffle plate, the upper opening is provided with the steam outlet cover plate, and the housing is provided with a socket groove at the bottom outside for connecting with the movable handle with a socket. An improved electric heating steam generator for generating steam, as disclosed in chinese patent document CN2651594Y, comprises a main body cavity and an electric heater, wherein the electric heater is disposed in the main body cavity, a partition board is disposed in the main body cavity to separate the cavity from the upper and lower parts, the upper cavity is a steam cavity, the lower cavity is a heating water cavity, and a steam through hole is disposed on the partition board; the partition boards have 2-6 layers, transition chambers are formed among the partition boards, and the steam through holes on the adjacent partition boards are arranged in a staggered mode. The electric heater heats water in the heating water cavity, and steam enters the steam cavity for standby through the partition plate and the transition chamber formed by the partition plate. The electric heating steam generators disclosed in the above two patent documents belong to the product.
The intelligent control degree of the steam generator in the prior art is not high, the heating is not uniform, the efficiency of the whole steam generation is not high, and the heater structure is single.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention provides the multifunctional steam generator with the novel structure, the steam generator can be intelligently controlled, steam can be rapidly provided, the steam generator has the functions of rapid heating, uniform temperature distribution, safety and reliability, and the heating efficiency is improved.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a steam generator comprises a box body, an inner pipe body, a cold water inlet and a steam outlet, wherein the cold water inlet is formed in the side wall of the box body, an exhaust port is formed in the upper portion of the box body, the inner pipe body is arranged in the box body, the inner pipe body comprises an outer pipe and an electric heater arranged in the outer pipe, a water inlet channel is formed in the lower portion of the inner pipe body, water in the box body can enter the inner pipe body to be heated, and the upper portion of the inner pipe body is connected with the steam outlet; the electric heater heats water entering the outer pipe to generate steam;
the steam generator also comprises a steam utilization device, steam generated by heating in the box body enters the steam utilization device through a steam outlet, and is recycled to the water tank after being fully subjected to heat exchange and utilization in the steam utilization device; the water enters the box body from the water tank through the water pump;
the water level sensor, the electric heater and the water pump are in data connection with the controller, and the controller automatically controls the power of the water pump according to the measured water level in the box.
Preferably, the controller increases the flow rate of water into the steam generator by controlling to increase the power of the water pump if the water level is lowered, and decreases the flow rate of water into the cabinet or stops the supply of water into the cabinet by decreasing the power of the water pump or turning off the water pump if the water level is excessively high.
Preferably, when the measured water level is lower than the first water level, the controller controls the water pump to deliver water at the first power; when the measured water level is lower than a second water level lower than the first water level, the controller controls the water pump to deliver water at a second power higher than the first power; when the measured water level is lower than a third water level lower than the second water level, the controller controls the water pump to deliver water at a third power higher than the second power; when the measured water level is lower than a fourth water level lower than the third water level, the controller controls the water pump to deliver water at a fourth power higher than the third power; when the measured water level is lower than a fifth water level lower than the fourth water level, the controller controls the water pump to deliver water at a fifth power higher than the fourth power.
Preferably, a core is arranged in the inner pipe body, the core is arranged at the upper part of the water inlet channel, and the core extends in the vertical direction of the inner pipe body; the core body is composed of a square through hole and a regular octagonal through hole, the side length of the square through hole is equal to that of the regular octagonal through hole, four sides of the square through hole are respectively sides of four different regular octagonal through holes, and four mutually spaced sides of the regular octagonal through hole are respectively sides of four different square through holes; the electric heater is arranged in the square through hole.
Preferably, the electric heater is a resistance heater.
Preferably, the resistive heater fills the entire square channel.
Preferably, the cross-section of the inner tube body is square.
Preferably, the inner wall of the inner tube body is provided with a groove, and the outer end of the core body is arranged in the groove.
Preferably, the inner pipe body is formed by welding a multi-section structure, and the core body is arranged at the joint of the multi-section structure.
Preferably, the steam outlet is hermetically connected with the outer pipe of the inner pipe body.
Preferably, the cross-sectional area of the vapor outlet conduit is less than the cross-sectional area of the outer tube of the inner tube.
Preferably, the inner pipe is disposed at an intermediate position of the case.
Preferably, the water inlet channel is a strip-shaped slit.
Preferably, the water inlet channel is arranged below 50% of the water level of the box body.
Preferably, the electric heater is a resistance heater.
Preferably, the resistive heater fills the entire square channel.
Preferably, the core bodies are arranged in a plurality along the vertical direction, and a water inlet channel is arranged on the outer pipe between every two adjacent core bodies.
Preferably, the farther the center of the square through-hole is from the center of the core, the greater the heating power of the resistance heater per unit length in the vertical direction.
Preferably, the heating power of the resistance heater per unit length in the vertical direction is continuously increased by a larger and larger margin the farther the center of the square through hole is from the center of the core.
Preferably, the center of the core body is a regular octagonal channel, the regular quadrilateral channel is of a two-layer structure surrounding the core body, the outermost layer is a regular octagonal channel, and the side length of the outer tube is 8 times that of the square channel.
Preferably, the heating power of each electric heater of the first layer is W1, the heating power of each electric heater of the second layer is W2, the height of the core is H, and the side length of the regular quadrangle is L, so that the following requirements are met:
W2/W1= a-b LN (H/L); wherein a, b are parameters, 3.3< a <3.4,0.90< b < 0.95;
1.15<W2/W1<1.75;5.9<H/L<10.1;
the total heating power of the first and second layers is M, 2500W < M < 5500W.
Preferably, a =3.343 and b = 0.921.
The invention has the following advantages:
1) according to the invention, by controlling the water level, the phenomenon that the steam output rate is unstable due to the fact that the water level is too high or too low is avoided.
2) The invention designs the steam generator with a novel heating structure, and the steam generator can realize the rapid steam supply, has the functions of rapid heating, uniform temperature distribution, safety and reliability, and improves the heating efficiency.
3) The invention further improves the heating uniformity and the heating efficiency by setting the change of the heating power of the electric heater in the inner tube body away from the center of the core body.
4) According to the invention, the inner core bodies of the inner pipe body are distributed at intervals in the vertical direction, and the water inlet channels are arranged on the spaced inner pipe bodies, so that water at different positions can be ensured to enter the inner pipe for heating in time, and the heating efficiency can be further improved.
5) The invention designs the change of the heating power of different electric heaters in the inner tube body along the height direction, and can further improve the safety performance and the heating performance of the device.
6) The invention determines the optimal proportional relation of the electric heating powers of different layers through numerical simulation and a large number of experiments, further improves the heating uniformity and the heating efficiency, and also provides an optimal reference basis for the design of the inner tube body with the structure.
7) According to the invention, through numerical simulation and a large number of experiments, the optimal relation of each size of the core body is determined, and the heating uniformity and the heating efficiency are further improved.
Description of the drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic view of a preferred structure of a steam generator for generating hot water and steam according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of a preferred structure of the steam generator for generating only steam according to the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional structure of the inner tube (core).
Figure 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the inner body core a-a of the tube of figure 3.
Fig. 5 is a schematic longitudinal sectional view of the inner tube body.
In the figure: 1-a box body; 2-an inner tube; 3-a cold water inlet; 4-hot water outlet; 5-a steam outlet; 6-an exhaust port;
7-a core body; 71-regular quadrilateral; 72-regular octagon; 73-edge; 8-opening the hole; 9-an electric heater; 10-a water pump; 11-a water tank; 12-a controller.
Detailed Description
Fig. 1-5 illustrate a steam generator. As shown in fig. 1, the steam generator includes a tank 1, an inner pipe 2, a cold water inlet 3, a hot water outlet 4, and a steam outlet 5, the cold water inlet 3 being provided at a lower portion of the tank 1, and the hot water outlet 4 being provided at an upper portion of the tank 1. The inner pipe body 2 is arranged in the box body, the inner pipe body 2 is arranged in the vertical direction (perpendicular to the plane of the bottom of the water tank), the inner pipe body 2 comprises an outer pipe and a core body 7 arranged in the outer pipe, a water inlet channel 8 is arranged at the lower part of the inner pipe body 2, so that water in the box body 1 can enter the inner pipe body 2 to be heated, and the upper part of the inner pipe body 2 is connected with a steam outlet 5; the core body 7 is arranged at the upper part of the water inlet channel 8, and the core body 7 extends in the vertical direction of the inner pipe body 2; the core body 7 is composed of a square through hole 71 and a regular octagonal through hole 72, the side length of the square through hole is equal to that of the regular octagonal through hole, four sides 73 of the square through hole 71 are respectively sides of four different regular octagonal through holes 72, and four mutually spaced sides 73 of the regular octagonal through hole 72 are respectively sides of four different square through holes 71; the electric heater 9 is provided in the square through hole 71.
According to the steam generator with the novel heating structure, the electric heaters are uniformly distributed around the regular octagonal channels through the heating structure, so that fluid can enter the regular octagonal channels and can be uniformly heated through the electric heaters.
Preferably, the steam outlet 5 is connected with the outer pipe of the inner pipe body 2 in a sealing way.
Preferably, the cross-sectional area of the conduit of the steam outlet 5 is smaller than the cross-sectional area of the outer pipe of the inner pipe body 2. This can ensure the steam discharge speed.
Cold water enters the tank through cold water inlet 3. When the steam heating device works, the inner pipe body 2 is arranged in the box body 1, water in the box body 1 enters the inner pipe body 2 through the water inlet channel 8 on the outer pipe, then the water is heated through the electric heater in the regular quadrilateral through hole of the core body 7 in the inner pipe body 2 in the regular octagonal through hole, and steam generated after heating is discharged through the steam outlet 5. Meanwhile, the inner pipe body generates steam and simultaneously heats water in the box body, and hot water generated after heating can be utilized through the hot water outlet.
Preferably, the square through holes are sealed up and down, and water cannot enter the square through holes.
Through foretell structure setting, can produce steam and hot water simultaneously for steam generator has multiple functions, has expanded the scope of its utilization, and the steam that produces is direct discharges through the steam outlet with interior body coupling moreover, because heat the outside water of interior body through the outer tube, consequently outside water can not the boiling evaporation, has also guaranteed the security of heating.
According to the invention, the inner pipe body 2 is arranged in the vertical direction, so that water can be heated in the vertical direction, the water is continuously heated in the rising process, and the heating efficiency is further improved compared with the inner pipe body arranged in the horizontal direction.
Preferably, the outer pipe of the inner pipe body is an outer wall surface of the core body. Preferably, the inner tube and the core are integrally manufactured.
As a modification, the hot water outlet 4 may be eliminated, for example as shown in fig. 2, with the steam generator acting as a single function steam generator for generating steam.
Preferably, an exhaust port 6 is provided at the upper part of the case 1. Through setting up gas vent 6, avoid 1 internal pressure of box too big, can guarantee safety.
Preferably, the cross section of the box body 1 is circular.
Preferably, the cross section of the inner tube 2 is square.
Preferably, the inner tube 2 is disposed at an intermediate position of the case 1. Through so setting up, guarantee hot water heating's homogeneity.
Preferably, the side of the cross-sectional area of the outer tube of the inner tube body 2 is 0.01 to 0.15 times the cross-sectional area of the case body 1. Further preferably 0.11 to 0.13 times.
Preferably, the water inlet channel 8 is a strip-shaped slit.
Preferably, the water inlet channel 8 is open. As shown in fig. 5. It should be noted that fig. 5 is only a schematic diagram, and although fig. 5 shows only 1 or one row of holes, it is actually not limited to one or one row, and a plurality of or a plurality of rows may be provided at upper and lower positions between adjacent electric heating rods 9.
Preferably, the shape of the opening may be circular or square.
Preferably, the opening is provided at 50% or less of the water level of the tank 1. Through so setting up, can guarantee that hydroenergy is enough timely inside the entering interior pipe body 2 heats, also avoid the trompil to set up too high steam that leads to from the trompil to spill over simultaneously, avoid whole box internal pressure too big, also avoid the water of eminence to get into interior pipe body simultaneously, cause the moisture that the steam that produces carried too much.
Preferably, the wire connecting the electric heater 9 enters through the water inlet channel.
Preferably, a lead wire connected to the electric heater 9 is inserted into the inner tube 2 through the bottom of the inner tube 2.
Preferably, the inner wall of the inner tube 2 is provided with a groove, and the outer wall of the core 7 is arranged in the groove. Through so setting up can further improve the fastness of core installation.
Preferably, the inner tube 2 is formed by welding a multi-stage structure, and the core 7 is provided at the joint of the multi-stage structure. Through such setting, can be so that processing is convenient, save the cost.
Preferably, the electric heater 9 is a resistance heater.
Preferably, the resistive heater 9 fills the entire square channel. Through so setting up can guarantee the wall contact of electric heater and square passageway, further improve heating efficiency.
Preferably, the core bodies 7 are arranged in a plurality at intervals along the vertical direction, and water inlet channels are arranged on the outer pipes at intervals between two adjacent core bodies 7. According to the invention, the cores in the inner pipe body are distributed at intervals in the vertical direction, and the water inlet channels are arranged on the spaced inner pipe bodies, so that water at different positions can be ensured to enter the inner pipe for heating in time, and the heating efficiency can be further improved.
Preferably, the farther the center of the square through-hole is from the center of the core 7, the greater the heating power of the resistance heater per unit length in the vertical direction. For example, in fig. 3, the heating power of the first layer is smaller than that of the second layer, but the heating power of the second layer is also different, specifically, the heating power of the four corners is larger than that of the non-corners. It was found by vertical simulations and experiments that the further away from the center, the more heating power is needed, especially in the outermost layer, because the larger the area involved in heating, and the more heating power per unit length in the vertical direction is needed, because the water outside the inner pipe body is also heated. The invention further improves the heating uniformity and the heating efficiency by setting the change of the heating power of the electric heater in the inner tube body away from the center of the core body.
Preferably, the heating power of the resistance heater per unit length in the vertical direction is continuously increased by a larger and larger amount the farther the center of the square through hole is from the center of the core 7. The above-mentioned variation of the heating amplitude is also obtained through a large number of numerical simulations and experiments, and is not common knowledge in the art. Through the change of above-mentioned range, can further improve heating efficiency and heating degree of consistency.
Preferably, the core body 7 is a regular octagonal central core body, and the regular octagonal through hole is located in the center of the core body. As shown in fig. 3.
Preferably, the center of the core body 7 is a regular octagonal channel, the regular quadrilateral channel is of a two-layer structure surrounding the core body, the outermost layer is the regular octagonal channel, and the side length of the outer pipe is 8 times that of the regular octagonal through hole.
Through a large number of numerical simulations and experiments, the purpose that the electric heaters on different layers can achieve uniform heating only through different heating power requirements can be known, and the longer the side length of the regular quadrangle is, the larger the volume to be heated is, the larger the external space is, and the larger the heating power ratio of the inner layer to the outer layer is; the longer the core in the vertical direction, the larger the heating area over the entire length, the more uniform the heating distribution, and therefore the smaller the required heating power ratio between the inner and outer layers. Therefore, the invention carries out a great deal of research on the heating power of each layer, the side length and the height thereof through a great deal of vertical simulation and experiments to obtain the optimal heating power relation. For the above-described configuration of fig. 3, the ratio of the heating power of the outermost layer to the heating power of the innermost layer satisfies the following requirements:
preferably, the heating power of each electric heater of the first layer is W1, the heating power of each electric heater of the second layer is W2, and the height of the core is H, and the side length of the regular quadrangle is L, the following requirements are satisfied:
W2/W1= a-b LN (H/L); wherein a, b are parameters, 3.3< a <3.4,0.90< b < 0.95;
1.15<W2/W1<1.75;5.9<H/L<10.1;
the total heating power of the first and second layers is M, 2500W < M < 5500W.
Preferably, a =3.343 and b = 0.921.
Preferably, 1.3< W2/W1< 1.5; 7.1< H/L < 8.1;
the first and second layers are inner and outer layers, respectively.
Preferably, a is gradually decreased and b is gradually increased as H/L is increased. Through so setting up can further make the heating even, improve heating efficiency.
Preferably, the pipe diameter of the inner pipe body 2 is continuously enlarged along the vertical direction from bottom to top. The main reasons are as follows: 1) by increasing the diameter of the inner pipe 2, the resistance to upward flow of the steam can be reduced, so that the steam evaporated in the inner pipe 2 continuously moves towards the direction of increasing the diameter of the pipe, thereby further promoting the rising of the steam. 2) Because along with the continuous flow of fluid, liquid evaporates in interior body 2 to make vapour volume bigger and bigger, the pressure is also bigger and bigger, consequently satisfies the change of the vapour volume that constantly increases and pressure through increasing the pipe diameter, thereby makes pressure distribution even on the whole.
Preferably, the pipe diameter of the inner pipe body 2 is continuously increased in a larger and larger range along the vertical direction from bottom to top. The amplitude change of the pipe diameter is a result obtained by a large number of experiments and numerical simulation of the applicant, and through the arrangement, the steam flow can be further promoted, and the pressure is integrally uniform.
Preferably, a plurality of cores 7 are provided in the inner tube 2, and the larger the interval between the cores 7 from the bottom end of the inner tube 2 to the upper end of the inner tube 2. Let the distance from the bottom end of the inner tube body 2 be H, the distance between adjacent core bodies be S, S = F1(H) I.e. S is a function with distance H as a variable, S' is the first derivative of S, satisfying the following requirements:
S’>0;
the main reason is to avoid drying out caused by the rapid heating of the upper steam. Heating power through setting up the lower part is greater than upper portion heating power for water is fully heated in the lower part, and the water on rise in-process reheating upper portion can guarantee the abundant homogeneous mixing of heating on the one hand, and on the other hand can also avoid the heating dry phenomenon that leads to because the water on the upper portion that the upper portion heating is too big evaporates earlier. The distance between adjacent cores that needs to be provided becomes shorter and shorter.
Through the experiment, the heating is kept uniform to the greatest extent by the arrangement, and the heating effect can be improved.
It is further preferred that the distance between adjacent cores increases in a larger and larger range from the inlet of the inner tube 2 to the outlet of the inner tube 2. I.e. S "is the second derivative of S, the following requirements are met:
S”>0;
through the experiment discovery, through so setting up, can further keep the whole even of heating, can improve the heating effect simultaneously. It should be noted that the above rule is a rule obtained by a large number of experiments and numerical simulations, and is not common knowledge or conventional means in the field.
Preferably, a plurality of cores are provided in the inner tube 2, and the heating power of the electric heaters arranged in each of the regular quadrangles of the different cores is gradually reduced from the bottom end of the inner tube 2 to the upper end of the inner tube 2. Assuming that the distance from the bottom end of the inner tube 2 is H, the power of the electric heater disposed in each regular quadrangle of the adjacent cores is W, S = F3(H) I.e. W is a function of the distance H as a variable, W' is the first derivative of W, satisfying the following requirements:
W’<0;
the main reason is to avoid drying out caused by the rapid heating of the upper steam. Heating power through setting up the lower part is greater than upper portion heating power for water is fully heated in the lower part, and the water on rise in-process reheating upper portion can guarantee the abundant homogeneous mixing of heating on the one hand, and on the other hand can also avoid the heating dry phenomenon that leads to because the water on the upper portion that the upper portion heating is too big evaporates earlier. The distance between adjacent cores that needs to be provided becomes shorter and shorter.
Through the experiment, the heating is kept uniform to the greatest extent by the arrangement, and the heating effect can be improved.
Further preferably, the electric heater power arranged in each of the regular quadrangles of the adjacent cores is decreased by an increasing magnitude from the inlet of the inner tube 2 to the outlet of the inner tube 2. I.e., W "is the second derivative of S, the following requirement is satisfied:
W”>0;
through the experiment discovery, through so setting up, can further keep the whole even of heating, can improve the heating effect simultaneously. It should be noted that the above rule is a rule obtained by a large number of experiments and numerical simulations, and is not common knowledge or conventional means in the field.
Preferably, a plurality of cores are provided in the inner tube 2, and the side length of the square shape is gradually reduced from the bottom end of the inner tube 2 to the upper end of the inner tube 2. The distance from the inlet of the inner pipe body 2 is H, the side length of the square is C, and C = F2(H) And C' is the first derivative of C, and meets the following requirements:
C’<0;
the main reason is because the smaller the square edge length, the more difficult the fabrication, but the better the uniformity of the overall heating. Since the overall heating of the water should be kept uniform the further up, avoiding partial drying due to non-uniform heating, and the further up, since the steam is to exit through the outlet, the more uniform the steam out and heating. Through the setting, the cost can be saved, the best heating uniformity and steam output efficiency are achieved, and meanwhile, the dry burning is avoided.
It is further preferred that the side length of the square increases with decreasing amplitude from the inlet of the inner tube 2 to the outlet of the inner tube 2. C' is the second derivative of C, and meets the following requirements:
C”>0。
preferably, the distance between adjacent cores is kept constant.
Through the experiment discovery, through so setting up, can further keep the whole even of heating, can improve the heating effect simultaneously. It should be noted that the above rule is a rule obtained by a large number of experiments and numerical simulations, and is not common knowledge or conventional means in the field.
Preferably, the farther the center of the square through-hole is from the center of the core, the greater the heating power of the resistance heater per unit length in the vertical direction.
Since it can be seen through experiments and numerical simulations that the more outward the larger the volume to be heated, especially the outermost side, the peripheral water and the water in the inner tube. The invention further improves the heating uniformity and the heating efficiency by setting the change of the heating power of the electric heater in the inner tube body away from the center of the core body.
Preferably, the heating power of the resistance heater per unit length in the vertical direction is continuously increased to a greater and greater extent the farther the square through-hole is from the center of the core. Through such rule setting, heating degree of consistency and heating efficiency have further been improved.
Preferably, the openings are arranged in a plurality of rows in the height direction (i.e., from bottom to top, hereinafter appearing in the height direction, if not otherwise specified, from bottom to top).
Through setting up the multirow, can guarantee that different high positions intake, avoid a single position to intake, cause the inhomogeneous of heating, avoid the water that gets into simultaneously to be evaporated, cause the heating tube dry up.
Preferably, the distribution density of the open pores becomes smaller and smaller along the height direction. The density of the distribution of the openings is smaller and smaller, that is, the distribution of the openings is smaller and smaller, and the area of the openings is smaller and smaller.
Through a large amount of numerical simulation and experimental research thereof, it is found that the distribution density is smaller and smaller by arranging the open pores, the main reason is to ensure that most of water is heated at the lower part, and water continuously enters the inner pipe body 2 in the rising process of the water changed into steam and is continuously heated. If the water inflow in the lower part is small, the water in the lower part can be quickly vaporized, the pressure in the inner pipe body 2 is too high, and the water in the upper part can not enter the inner pipe body due to the pressure. The drying of the inner tube body is reduced, and the heating efficiency is improved.
Further preferably, the distribution density of the openings is continuously increased with a smaller and smaller amplitude along the height direction.
Through a large amount of experiments and numerical simulation, through the change of foretell trompil distribution density, can further improve heating efficiency, improve the output efficiency of steam, can reduce the internal dryout of inner tube simultaneously.
Preferably, the area of the individual openings becomes smaller and smaller along the height direction. Further preferably, the area of the individual openings increases progressively in the height direction to a smaller and smaller extent. For specific reasons see the variation in the open cell distribution density.
Preferably, the sum of the areas of the openings in each row is smaller and smaller along the height direction. Preferably, the sum of the areas of the openings in each row is smaller and smaller along the height direction. For specific reasons see the variation in the open cell distribution density.
Preferably, the distance between each row of the open holes is larger along the height direction. Preferably, the spacing between each row of the holes increases along the height direction. For specific reasons see the variation in the open cell distribution density.
Preferably, the heating power per unit length of the electric heating rod 9 is continuously reduced along the height direction. The heating power of the electric heating rod 9 is continuously reduced, so that the fluid at the lower part is rapidly heated, then the hot fluid flows to the upper part through natural convection, and the fluid at the upper part and the fluid outside the inner pipe body 2 at the lower part rapidly enter, so that the heating efficiency can be further improved. Through a large amount of experiments and numerical simulation, the heating efficiency can be further improved by about 10% through the change of the heating power of the inner pipe body, and the heating time is saved.
Preferably, the magnitude of the continuous decrease in the heating power per unit length of the electric heating rod 9 is continuously increased along the height direction.
Through a large amount of experiments and numerical simulation, the heating efficiency can be further improved by 5% through the change of the heating power amplitude of the electric heating rod 9, and the heating time is further saved.
Preferably, the same electric heating rod 9 in the same core is divided into a plurality of sections, and the heating power per unit length of the different sections is different along the height direction. Wherein the heating power per unit length of the different segments is continuously reduced along the height direction. Further preferably, the magnitude of the decrease is continuously increased.
Preferably, the length of each segment is the same.
Preferably, the heating power per unit length of each segment is the same.
The specific reason is as described above.
By providing the segments, manufacturing can be further facilitated.
Learn through analysis and experiment that the interval between the vertical direction core can not be too big, too big the effect that leads to steam to produce is not good, simultaneously also can not the undersize, the undersize leads to the interior easy of burning dry of pipe, and on the same hand, the length of a side of square also can not be too big or the undersize, and too big heating that leads to is inhomogeneous, and the undersize leads to regular tetragon and octagon to distribute too densely, causes flow resistance to increase and the processing cost increases. Therefore, the resistance is optimized through a large number of experiments under the condition that the steam outlet amount of the steam is preferentially met, and the optimal relation of each parameter is arranged.
Preferably, the distance between adjacent cores is S1, the side length of the square is L, the core is a square section, and the side length of the square section of the core is B2, so that the following requirements are met:
10*L/B2=a-b*(S1/B2);
wherein a, b are parameters, wherein 0.95< a <0.96,0.158< b < 0.165;
90<B2<240mm;
8<L<30mm;
29<S1<110mm。
further preferably, a =0.956, b =0.163;
further preferably, a is larger and B is smaller as L/B2 is increased.
Preferably, the length L of the square through hole is an average of the length of the inner side and the length of the outer side of the square through hole, and the length B2 of the square section of the core is an average of the length of the inner side and the length of the outer side of the square section of the core.
The distance between adjacent cores is S1, which is the distance between the facing surfaces of the adjacent cores. Such as the distance between the upper end surface of the lower core and the lower end surface of the upper core.
Preferably, L also increases with increasing B2. But as B2 increases, L increases by a lesser and lesser magnitude. The change of the rule is obtained through a large amount of numerical simulation and experiments, and the heat exchange effect and the noise are further improved and reduced through the change of the rule.
Preferably, S1 decreases as B2 increases. However, as B2 increases, the magnitude of the decrease of S1 becomes smaller and smaller. The change of the rule is obtained through a large amount of numerical simulation and experiments, and the heat exchange effect and the noise are further improved and reduced through the change of the rule.
The height H of the core is preferably 100-500 mm, and more preferably 200-300 mm.
The steam-water separator also comprises a steam utilization device, wherein steam generated by heating in the steam generator 1 enters the steam utilization device through a steam outlet 5, and is recycled to the water tank after being fully subjected to heat exchange and utilization in the steam utilization device; the water enters the box body from the water tank 11 through the water pump 10, the water is heated in the box body through the electric heater 9, and the generated steam enters the steam utilization device through the steam outlet pipeline 5.
The invention can realize the following control:
temperature control
Preferably, a temperature sensor is arranged in the steam outlet 5 for measuring the temperature of the steam in the steam outlet 5. The temperature sensor and the electric heater 9 are in data connection with a controller 12, and the controller 12 automatically controls the heating power of the electric heater 9 according to the temperature measured by the temperature sensor.
Preferably, the controller controls the electric heating device to increase the heating power if the temperature measured by the temperature sensor is lower than a certain temperature. If the temperature measured by the temperature sensor is higher than a certain temperature, the controller controls the electric heating device to reduce the heating power in order to avoid heat waste.
By controlling the heating power, the outlet temperature is guaranteed to meet the requirements, the phenomenon that the outlet temperature is too high to cause heat loss is avoided, and the outlet temperature is too low to cause heat not meeting actual requirements.
Preferably, the controller 12 automatically increases the heating power of the electric heater 9 if the detected temperature data is lower than a first value, and the controller 12 automatically decreases the heating power of the electric heater 9 if the measured temperature data is higher than a second value, which is greater than the first value.
Preferably, the electric heater 9 heats at a first power when the measured temperature is lower than the first temperature; when the measured temperature is lower than a second temperature lower than the first temperature, the electric heater 9 heats at a second power higher than the first power; when the measured temperature is lower than a third temperature lower than the second temperature, the electric heater 9 heats at a third power higher than the second power; when the measured temperature is lower than a fourth temperature lower than the third temperature, the electric heater 9 heats at a fourth power higher than the third power; when the measured temperature is lower than a fifth temperature lower than the fourth temperature, the electric heater 9 heats at a fifth power higher than the fourth power.
Preferably, the first temperature is higher than the second temperature by 2-3 ℃, the second temperature is higher than the third temperature by 2-3 ℃, the third temperature is higher than the fourth temperature by 2-3 ℃, and the fourth temperature is higher than the fifth temperature by 2-3 ℃.
Further preferably, the first temperature is 2.5-3 ℃ higher than the second temperature, the second temperature is 2.5 ℃ higher than the third temperature, the third temperature is 2.5 ℃ higher than the fourth temperature, and the fourth temperature is 2.5 ℃ higher than the fifth temperature.
Preferably, the fifth power is 1.08 to 1.18 times the fourth power, the fourth power is 1.08 to 1.18 times the third power, the third power is 1.08 to 1.18 times the second power, and the second power is 1.08 to 1.18 times the first power.
Preferably, the fifth power is 1.14 times the fourth power, the fourth power is 1.14 times the third power, the third power is 1.14 times the second power, and the second power is 1.14 times the first power.
By optimizing the temperature and power, especially by setting the heating power and temperature difference in a differentiated manner, the heating efficiency can be further improved, and the time can be saved. Experiments show that the heating efficiency can be improved by about 12%.
Preferably, the temperature sensor is a plurality of temperature sensors, and the controller controls the operation of the steam generator according to the temperature data measured by the plurality of temperature sensors.
(II) Water level control
Preferably, a water level sensor is arranged in the box body, the water level sensor, the electric heater 9 and the water pump 10 are in data connection with a controller 12, and the controller 12 automatically controls the power of the water pump 10 according to the measured water level in the box body.
Preferably, the controller increases the flow of water into the steam generator by controlling the power of the water pump 10 to be increased if the water level is lowered, and decreases the flow of water into the cabinet or stops the supply of water into the cabinet by reducing the power of the water pump 10 or turning off the water pump 10 if the water level is too high.
Through foretell setting, avoided on the one hand that the water level crosses the steam output rate that leads to the fact low and electric heater unit's dry combustion method, cause electric heater unit's damage and produce the incident, on the other hand, avoided because the water level is too high and the water yield that leads to the fact is too big to it is low excessively to cause the steam output rate.
Preferably, when the measured water level is lower than the first water level, the controller 12 controls the water pump 10 to deliver water at the first power; when the measured water level is lower than a second water level lower than the first water level, the controller 12 controls the water pump 10 to deliver water at a second power higher than the first power; when the measured water level is lower than a third water level lower than the second water level, the controller 12 controls the water pump 10 to deliver water at a third power higher than the second power; when the measured water level is lower than a fourth water level lower than the third water level, the controller 12 controls the water pump 10 to deliver water at a fourth power higher than the third power; when the measured water level is lower than a fifth water level lower than the fourth water level, the controller 12 controls the water pump 10 to deliver water at a fifth power higher than the fourth power.
Preferably, the first water level is 1.08 to 1.18 times the second water level, the second water level is 1.08 to 1.18 times the third water level, the third water level is 1.08 to 1.18 times the fourth water level, and the fourth water level is 1.08 to 1.18 times the fifth water level.
Preferably, the first water level is 1.1 to 1.15 times the second water level, the second water level is 1.15 to 1.2 times the third water level, the third water level is 1.2 to 1.25 times the fourth water level, and the fourth water level is 1.25 to 1.3 times the fifth water level.
Preferably, the fifth power is 1.7-1.9 times the fourth power, the fourth power is 1.6-1.8 times the third power, the third power is 1.5-1.7 times the second power, and the second power is 1.3-1.5 times the first power.
Through the preferred of above-mentioned water level and water pump power, especially through the settlement of the water level of differentiation and water pump power, can be quick realize the invariant of water level, improve steam output rate, save time. Experiments show that the steam yield can be improved by about 12-16%.
(III) control of heating power according to water level
Preferably, a water level sensor is arranged in the box body, the water level sensor and the electric heater 9 are in data connection with a controller 12, and the controller 12 automatically controls the heating power of the electric heater according to the measured water level in the box body.
Preferably, if the water level is too low, the controller controls to reduce the power of the electric heater 9 or directly turn off the heating of the electric heater 9, thereby preventing the steam yield from being too high due to too high heating power, resulting in further reduction of the water level, and if the water level is too high, the steam yield is increased by increasing the heating power of the electric heater 9, thereby reducing the water level.
Through foretell setting, avoided the water level to hang down the dry combustion method who causes electric heater unit excessively on the one hand, caused electric heater unit's damage and produced the incident, on the other hand, avoided because the water level is too high and the water yield in the box that causes is too big to it is low excessively to cause steam output rate.
Preferably, when the measured water level is lower than the first water level, the controller 12 controls the electric heater 9 to heat at the first power; when the measured water level is lower than a second water level lower than the first water level, the controller 12 controls the electric heater 9 to heat at a second power lower than the first power; when the measured water level is lower than a third water level lower than the second water level, the controller 12 controls the electric heater 9 to heat at a third power lower than the second power; when the measured water level is lower than a fourth water level lower than the third water level, the controller 12 controls the electric heater 9 to heat at a fourth power lower than the third power; when the measured water level is lower than a fifth water level lower than the fourth water level, the controller 12 controls the electric heating device to heat at a fifth power lower than the fourth power; when the measured water level is lower than a sixth water level lower than the fifth water level, the controller 12 controls the electric heating device to stop heating.
Preferably, the first water level is 1.08 to 1.18 times the second water level, the second water level is 1.08 to 1.18 times the third water level, the third water level is 1.08 to 1.18 times the fourth water level, and the fourth water level is 1.08 to 1.18 times the fifth water level.
Preferably, the first water level is 1.1 to 1.15 times the second water level, the second water level is 1.15 to 1.2 times the third water level, the third water level is 1.2 to 1.25 times the fourth water level, and the fourth water level is 1.25 to 1.3 times the fifth water level.
Preferably, the first power is 1.6 to 1.7 times the second power, the second power is 1.5 to 1.6 times the third power, the third power is 1.4 to 1.5 times the fourth power, and the fourth power is 1.3 to 1.4 times the fifth power.
Through the optimization of the water level and the power of the electric heating device, especially through the setting of the differentiated water level and the power of the electric heating device, the water level can be quickly positioned at a preset safety position, the steam output rate can be ensured when the water level is too high, and the time is saved.
(IV) pressure control
Preferably, a pressure sensor is arranged on the steam outlet 5 for measuring the pressure in the steam outlet 5. The pressure sensor and the electric heater 9 are in data connection with a controller 12, and the controller 12 automatically controls the heating power of the electric heater 9 according to the pressure measured by the pressure sensor.
Preferably, the controller 12 controls the electric heater 9 to start heating if the pressure measured by the pressure sensor is lower than a certain pressure. If the temperature measured by the pressure sensor is higher than the upper limit pressure, the controller controls the electric heater 9 to stop heating in order to avoid danger caused by excessive pressure.
Through so setting up, can come the adjusting heating power according to steam outlet 5's pressure to guarantee that steam utilizes the heat transfer volume of device to reach the requirement, under the condition of maximize steam output, guarantee steam generator's safety simultaneously.
Preferably, the controller 12 controls the electric heater 9 to increase the heating power if the pressure measured by the pressure sensor is lower than a certain value. If the temperature measured by the pressure sensor is higher than a certain value, the controller controls the electric heater 9 to reduce the heating power in order to avoid the danger of the pressure being too high.
Preferably, when the measured pressure is higher than the first pressure, the controller 12 controls the heating power of the electric heater 9 to be reduced to the first power for heating; when the measured pressure is higher than a second pressure higher than the first pressure, the controller 12 controls the heating power of the electric heater 9 to be reduced to a second power lower than the first power for heating; when the measured pressure is higher than a third pressure higher than the second pressure, the controller 12 controls the heating power of the electric heater 9 to be reduced to a third power lower than the second power for heating; when the measured pressure is higher than a fourth pressure higher than the third pressure, the controller 12 controls the heating power of the electric heater 9 to be reduced to a fourth power higher than the third power for heating; when the measured pressure is higher than the fifth pressure higher than the fourth pressure, the controller 12 stops the heating of the electric heater 9.
Preferably, the fourth power is 0.4 to 0.6 times the third power, the third power is 0.6 to 0.8 times the second power, and the second power is 0.7 to 0.9 times the first power.
Further preferably, the fourth power is 0.5 times the third power, the third power is 0.7 times the second power, and the second power is 0.8 times the first power.
The fifth pressure is the upper limit pressure.
Preferably, the pressure sensor is a plurality of pressure sensors, and the controller controls the operation of the steam generator according to the pressure data which is the temperature measured by the plurality of pressure sensors.
(V) steam flow control
Preferably, a flow sensor is arranged on the steam outlet 5 and used for measuring the steam flow entering the steam utilization device in unit time, and the flow sensor and the electric heater 9 are in data connection with the controller 12. The controller 12 automatically controls the power of the electric heater according to the measured steam flow.
Preferably, the controller 12 controls the electric heater 9 to increase the heating power if the measured steam flow is below a certain value. If the temperature measured by the pressure sensor is higher than a certain value, the controller controls the electric heater 9 to decrease the heating power.
Through so setting up, can adjust heating power according to the steam quantity of output, guarantee the invariant of the steam quantity of output, avoid the quantity too big or undersize, cause steam quantity not enough or extravagant.
Preferably, when the measured flow rate is higher than the first flow rate, the controller 12 controls the heating power of the electric heater 9 to be reduced to the first power for heating; when the measured flow rate is higher than a second flow rate higher than the first flow rate, the controller 12 controls the heating power of the electric heater 9 to be reduced to a second power lower than the first power for heating; when the measured flow rate is higher than a third flow rate higher than the second flow rate, the controller 12 controls the heating power of the electric heater 9 to be reduced to a third power lower than the second power for heating; when the measured flow rate is higher than a fourth flow rate higher than the third flow rate, the controller 12 controls the heating power of the electric heater 9 to be reduced to a fourth power higher than the third power for heating; when the measured flow rate is higher than the fifth flow rate, which is higher than the fourth flow rate, the controller 12 stops the heating of the electric heater 9.
Preferably, the fourth power is 0.4 to 0.6 times the third power, the third power is 0.6 to 0.8 times the second power, and the second power is 0.7 to 0.9 times the first power.
Further preferably, the fourth power is 0.5 times the third power, the third power is 0.7 times the second power, and the second power is 0.8 times the first power.
Further preferably, the fifth flow rate is 1.1 to 1.2 times the fourth flow rate, the fourth flow rate is 1.2 to 1.3 times the third flow rate, the third flow rate is 1.3 to 1.4 times the second flow rate, and the second flow rate is 1.4 to 1.5 times the first flow rate.
By optimizing the flow rate and the power of the electric heating device, especially by setting the flow rate and the power of the electric heating device in a differentiated manner, the flow rate can be quickly kept constant, and time can be saved.
(VI) temperature control of water outlet pipeline
Preferably, a temperature sensor is arranged on the hot water outlet 4 for measuring the temperature of the outputted hot water, and the temperature sensor and the electric heater 9 are in data connection with the controller 12. The controller 12 automatically controls the heating power of the electric heater according to the temperature measured by the temperature sensor. Through control heating power, guarantee that the temperature after the heating meets the demands, avoid the temperature too high, cause calorific loss, the temperature is crossed lowly, causes the unsatisfied actual requirement of heat.
Preferably, the controller controls the electric heating device to increase the heating power if the temperature measured by the temperature sensor is lower than a certain temperature. If the temperature measured by the temperature sensor is higher than a certain temperature, for example, causing heat waste, the controller controls the electric heating device to reduce heating in order to avoid the heat waste. By reducing the heating power, the steam output is low, so that waste is avoided.
Preferably, the controller 12 automatically increases the heating power of the electric heater 9 if the detected temperature data is lower than a first value, and the controller 12 automatically decreases the heating power of the electric heater 9 if the measured temperature data is higher than a second value, which is greater than the first value.
Preferably, the electric heater 9 heats at a first power when the measured temperature is lower than the first temperature; when the measured temperature is lower than a second temperature lower than the first temperature, the electric heater 9 heats at a second power higher than the first power; when the measured temperature is lower than a third temperature lower than the second temperature, the electric heater 9 heats at a third power higher than the second power; when the measured temperature is lower than a fourth temperature lower than the third temperature, the electric heater 9 heats at a fourth power higher than the third power; when the measured temperature is lower than a fifth temperature lower than the fourth temperature, the electric heater 9 heats at a fifth power higher than the fourth power.
Preferably, the first temperature is higher than the second temperature by 2-3 ℃, the second temperature is higher than the third temperature by 2-3 ℃, the third temperature is higher than the fourth temperature by 2-3 ℃, and the fourth temperature is higher than the fifth temperature by 2-3 ℃.
Further preferably, the first temperature is greater than the second temperature by 2.5 degrees centigrade, the second temperature is greater than the third temperature by 2.5 degrees centigrade, the third temperature is greater than the fourth temperature by 2.5 degrees centigrade, and the fourth temperature is greater than the fifth temperature by 2.5 degrees centigrade.
Preferably, the fifth power is 1.08 to 1.18 times the fourth power, the fourth power is 1.08 to 1.18 times the third power, the third power is 1.08 to 1.18 times the second power, and the second power is 1.08 to 1.18 times the first power.
Preferably, the fifth power is 1.14 times the fourth power, the fourth power is 1.14 times the third power, the third power is 1.14 times the second power, and the second power is 1.14 times the first power.
By optimizing the temperature and power, especially by setting the heating power and temperature difference in a differentiated manner, the heating efficiency can be further improved, and the time can be saved. Experiments show that the heating efficiency can be improved by about 11%.
Preferably, the temperature sensor is a plurality of temperature sensors, and the controller controls the operation of the system according to the temperature data measured by the plurality of temperature sensors 12.
(VII) steam generator temperature control
Preferably, a temperature sensor is arranged in the box body and used for measuring the temperature of steam in the box body. The temperature sensor and the electric heater 9 are in data connection with a controller 12, and the controller 12 automatically controls the heating power of the electric heater 9 according to the temperature measured by the temperature sensor.
The temperature sensor is preferably arranged in the inner tube at an upper position.
Preferably, the controller controls the electric heating device to increase the heating power if the temperature measured by the temperature sensor is lower than a certain temperature. If the temperature measured by the temperature sensor is above a certain temperature, for example above a dangerous critical temperature, the controller controls the electric heating device to stop heating in order to avoid overheating.
Preferably, the controller 12 automatically increases the heating power of the electric heater 9 if the detected temperature data is lower than a first value, and the controller 12 automatically decreases the heating power of the electric heater 9 if the measured temperature data is higher than a second value, which is greater than the first value.
Preferably, the electric heater 9 heats at a first power when the measured temperature is lower than the first temperature; when the measured temperature is lower than a second temperature lower than the first temperature, the electric heater 9 heats at a second power higher than the first power; when the measured temperature is lower than a third temperature lower than the second temperature, the electric heater 9 heats at a third power higher than the second power; when the measured temperature is lower than a fourth temperature lower than the third temperature, the electric heater 9 heats at a fourth power higher than the third power; when the measured temperature is lower than a fifth temperature lower than the fourth temperature, the electric heater 9 heats at a fifth power higher than the fourth power.
Preferably, the first temperature is higher than the second temperature by 2-3 ℃, the second temperature is higher than the third temperature by 2-3 ℃, the third temperature is higher than the fourth temperature by 2-3 ℃, and the fourth temperature is higher than the fifth temperature by 2-3 ℃.
Further preferably, the first temperature is greater than the second temperature by 2.5 degrees centigrade, the second temperature is greater than the third temperature by 2.5 degrees centigrade, the third temperature is greater than the fourth temperature by 2.5 degrees centigrade, and the fourth temperature is greater than the fifth temperature by 2.5 degrees centigrade.
Preferably, the fifth power is 1.08 to 1.18 times the fourth power, the fourth power is 1.08 to 1.18 times the third power, the third power is 1.08 to 1.18 times the second power, and the second power is 1.08 to 1.18 times the first power.
Preferably, the fifth power is 1.14 times the fourth power, the fourth power is 1.14 times the third power, the third power is 1.14 times the second power, and the second power is 1.14 times the first power.
By optimizing the temperature and power, especially by setting the heating power and temperature difference in a differentiated manner, the heating efficiency can be further improved, and the time can be saved. Experiments show that the heating efficiency can be improved by about 10-15%.
Preferably, the temperature sensor is disposed in an inner tube of the steam generator.
Preferably, the temperature sensor is a plurality of temperature sensors, and the controller controls the operation of the steam generator according to the temperature data measured by the plurality of temperature sensors 12.
(eighth) steam generator pressure control
Preferably, a pressure sensor is arranged in the box body and used for measuring the pressure of steam in the box body. The pressure sensor and the electric heater 9 are in data connection with a controller 12, and the controller 12 automatically controls the heating power of the electric heater 9 according to the pressure measured by the pressure sensor.
The pressure sensor is preferably arranged in the inner tube at an upper position.
Preferably, the controller controls the electric heating device to increase the heating power if the pressure measured by the pressure sensor is lower than a certain pressure. If the pressure measured by the pressure sensor is above a certain pressure, for example above a critical pressure which is dangerous, the controller controls the electric heating device to stop heating in order to avoid overheating.
Preferably, the controller 12 automatically increases the heating power of the electric heater 9 if the detected pressure data is lower than a first value, and the controller 12 automatically decreases the heating power of the electric heater 9 if the measured pressure data is higher than a second value, which is greater than the first value.
Preferably, the electric heater 9 heats at a first power when the measured pressure is lower than the first pressure; when the measured pressure is lower than a second pressure lower than the first pressure, the electric heater 9 heats at a second power higher than the first power; when the measured pressure is lower than a third pressure lower than the second pressure, the electric heater 9 heats at a third power higher than the second power; when the measured pressure is lower than a fourth pressure lower than the third pressure, the electric heater 9 heats at a fourth power higher than the third power; when the measured pressure is lower than a fifth pressure lower than the fourth pressure, the electric heater 9 heats at a fifth power higher than the fourth power.
Preferably, the fifth power is 1.08 to 1.18 times the fourth power, the fourth power is 1.08 to 1.18 times the third power, the third power is 1.08 to 1.18 times the second power, and the second power is 1.08 to 1.18 times the first power.
Preferably, the fifth power is 1.14 times the fourth power, the fourth power is 1.14 times the third power, the third power is 1.14 times the second power, and the second power is 1.14 times the first power.
By optimizing the pressure and the power, particularly by setting the heating power and the temperature difference in a differentiated manner, the heating efficiency can be further improved, and the time can be saved. Experiments show that the heating efficiency can be improved by about 10-15%.
Preferably, the pressure sensor is disposed in an inner tube of the steam generator.
Preferably, the pressure sensor is a plurality of pressure sensors, and the controller controls the operation of the steam generator according to the pressure data measured by the plurality of pressure sensors 12.
Although the present invention has been described with reference to the preferred embodiments, it is not limited thereto. Various changes and modifications may be effected therein by one skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (5)

1. A steam generator comprises a box body, an inner pipe body, a cold water inlet and a steam outlet, wherein the cold water inlet is formed in the side wall of the box body, an exhaust port is formed in the upper portion of the box body, the inner pipe body is arranged in the box body, the inner pipe body comprises an outer pipe and an electric heater arranged in the outer pipe, a water inlet channel is formed in the lower portion of the inner pipe body, water in the box body can enter the inner pipe body to be heated, and the upper portion of the inner pipe body is connected with the steam outlet; the electric heater heats water entering the outer pipe to generate steam;
the steam generator also comprises a steam utilization device, steam generated by heating in the box body enters the steam utilization device through a steam outlet, and is recycled to the water tank after being fully subjected to heat exchange and utilization in the steam utilization device; the water enters the box body from the water tank through the water pump;
a water level sensor is arranged in the box body and used for detecting the water level in the box body, the water level sensor and the water pump are in data connection with a controller, and the controller automatically controls the power of the water pump according to the measured water level in the box body; a core body is arranged in the inner pipe body, the core body is arranged at the upper part of the water inlet channel, and the core body extends in the vertical direction of the inner pipe body; the core body is composed of a square through hole and a regular octagonal through hole, the side length of the square through hole is equal to that of the regular octagonal through hole, four sides of the square through hole are respectively sides of four different regular octagonal through holes, and four mutually spaced sides of the regular octagonal through hole are respectively sides of four different square through holes; the electric heater is arranged in the square through hole.
2. The steam generator of claim 1, wherein the controller increases the flow of water into the steam generator by controlling the power of the water pump to be increased if the water level is lowered, and decreases the flow of water into the tank or stops the supply of water into the tank by reducing the power of the water pump or turning off the water pump if the water level is too high.
3. The steam generator of claim 1, wherein the controller controls the water pump to deliver water at a first power when the measured water level is lower than a first water level; when the measured water level is lower than a second water level lower than the first water level, the controller controls the water pump to deliver water at a second power higher than the first power; when the measured water level is lower than a third water level lower than the second water level, the controller controls the water pump to deliver water at a third power higher than the second power; when the measured water level is lower than a fourth water level lower than the third water level, the controller controls the water pump to deliver water at a fourth power higher than the third power; when the measured water level is lower than a fifth water level lower than the fourth water level, the controller controls the water pump to deliver water at a fifth power higher than the fourth power.
4. The steam generator of claim 1 wherein the electric heater is a resistance heater.
5. The steam generator of claim 4, wherein the resistive heater fills the entire square channel.
CN201811347469.7A 2018-11-13 2018-11-13 Steam generator of intelligent control box water level Active CN109780518B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811347469.7A CN109780518B (en) 2018-11-13 2018-11-13 Steam generator of intelligent control box water level

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811347469.7A CN109780518B (en) 2018-11-13 2018-11-13 Steam generator of intelligent control box water level

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109780518A CN109780518A (en) 2019-05-21
CN109780518B true CN109780518B (en) 2020-09-11

Family

ID=66496022

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811347469.7A Active CN109780518B (en) 2018-11-13 2018-11-13 Steam generator of intelligent control box water level

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109780518B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110731893A (en) * 2019-09-12 2020-01-31 徐州沃德桑拿设备有限公司 sauna room steam generator

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4418269A (en) * 1980-03-24 1983-11-29 Eaton Williams Raymond H Multi-electrode boiler
CN106402824A (en) * 2016-09-19 2017-02-15 青岛科技大学 Steam generator with heating power intelligently distributed through mobile phone APP
CN106402825A (en) * 2016-09-19 2017-02-15 青岛科技大学 Steam generator capable of achieving intelligent temperature control through mobile phone APP
CN106402826A (en) * 2016-09-19 2017-02-15 青岛科技大学 Steam generator adopting mobile phone APP water level intelligent control
CN107143836A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-08 广东美的厨房电器制造有限公司 Steam generator and steam-heating apparatus
CN107327821A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-11-07 青岛科技大学 A kind of steam generator of intelligent control vapor (steam) temperature
CN107356096A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-11-17 青岛科技大学 A kind of steam dryer that heating power is controlled according to intelligent water level
CN108413372A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-08-17 青岛科技大学 A kind of steam generator of cell phone application intelligent pressure control

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4418269A (en) * 1980-03-24 1983-11-29 Eaton Williams Raymond H Multi-electrode boiler
CN107356096A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-11-17 青岛科技大学 A kind of steam dryer that heating power is controlled according to intelligent water level
CN106402824A (en) * 2016-09-19 2017-02-15 青岛科技大学 Steam generator with heating power intelligently distributed through mobile phone APP
CN106402825A (en) * 2016-09-19 2017-02-15 青岛科技大学 Steam generator capable of achieving intelligent temperature control through mobile phone APP
CN106402826A (en) * 2016-09-19 2017-02-15 青岛科技大学 Steam generator adopting mobile phone APP water level intelligent control
CN107143836A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-08 广东美的厨房电器制造有限公司 Steam generator and steam-heating apparatus
CN107327821A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-11-07 青岛科技大学 A kind of steam generator of intelligent control vapor (steam) temperature
CN108413372A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-08-17 青岛科技大学 A kind of steam generator of cell phone application intelligent pressure control

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN109780518A (en) 2019-05-21

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN109780520B (en) Steam generator of intelligent control heating power
CN111089279B (en) Steam generator design method with optimized core body size
CN111120982B (en) Steam generator with variable core size
CN109780518B (en) Steam generator of intelligent control box water level
CN109780516B (en) Steam generator of intelligence water level control box heating power
CN109780517B (en) Steam generator of intelligent control steam outlet pressure
CN109780519B (en) Steam generator of intelligent control flow
CN112325260B (en) Steam generator of cloud processing intelligent control box steam pressure
CN112325268B (en) Portable cloud terminal water level control method
CN109695863B (en) Steam generator design method for optimizing power of electric heater
CN110388635B (en) Method for portable remote control of heating power
CN110067997B (en) Design method of steam generator
CN109695862B (en) Steam generator with water inlet channels arranged at intervals
CN109611810B (en) Steam generator with electric heating power changing from center to center
CN110067996B (en) Design method of steam generator with variable water inlet hole row spacing
CN110067999B (en) Design method of steam generator capable of heating in sections
CN110067998B (en) Steam generator with square central structure
CN111006190B (en) Steam generator
CN111006189B (en) Square outer-layer steam generator
CN111780076A (en) Steam generator with variable distribution density of through holes

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant