CN109757386A - A kind of pig house dung scraping device - Google Patents

A kind of pig house dung scraping device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109757386A
CN109757386A CN201910161083.5A CN201910161083A CN109757386A CN 109757386 A CN109757386 A CN 109757386A CN 201910161083 A CN201910161083 A CN 201910161083A CN 109757386 A CN109757386 A CN 109757386A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
commutation
block
cabinet
guide rail
arm
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910161083.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘良
陈明君
蒲强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chongqing 69 Animal Husbandry Polytron Technologies Inc
Chongqing Pig Industry Technology Research Institute Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Chongqing 69 Animal Husbandry Polytron Technologies Inc
Chongqing Pig Industry Technology Research Institute Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chongqing 69 Animal Husbandry Polytron Technologies Inc, Chongqing Pig Industry Technology Research Institute Co Ltd filed Critical Chongqing 69 Animal Husbandry Polytron Technologies Inc
Priority to CN201910161083.5A priority Critical patent/CN109757386A/en
Publication of CN109757386A publication Critical patent/CN109757386A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of pig house dung scraping devices, including power mechanism, guide rail mechanism and commutation cabinet, it is additionally provided on the commutation cabinet and scrapes excrement arm component, the power mechanism includes engine, the output end of the engine and the input terminal of speed reducer connect, it is characterized by: the output end of the speed reducer and one end of link mechanism connect, the other end of the link mechanism is connect with guide rail mechanism, the commutation cabinet includes cabinet, it is connected in the cabinet one or both sides and scrapes excrement arm component, the cabinet is slidably arranged on guide rail.Using dung scraping device of the invention, being moved forward or rearward for commutation cabinet can be realized in guide rail front-rear reciprocation movement, further realize that the excrement in pig house is cleared up by the excrement arm component of scraping being arranged on commutation cabinet.

Description

A kind of pig house dung scraping device
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of dung scraping device more particularly to a kind of dung scraping devices of pig house.
Background technique:
Cultivation etc. for the aquaculture development of scale, especially pig, it is necessary to which the cultivation for accomplishing safety and sanitation avoids pig Infecting virus leads to swine fever.To reach this purpose, it is necessary to which what is accomplished is exactly to clear up in time pig excrement.
Traditional pig farm (abbreviation pig house) is mostly manual cleaning to the cleaning of excrement, but for large-scale cultivation For, manual cleaning is obviously not appropriate for, large labor intensity, inefficiency and to cleaning appliance expend larger, higher cost. Traditional manner of cleaning up is also rinsed using giant, but such mode can still expend biggish artificial, and wave Water wasting resource.
It is existing for the pig house of large-scale cultivation, used mechanization cleaning excrement device instead of tradition Manual cleaning.The dung scraping device that existing pig house uses is mostly to pass through cable traction scraper plate to slide progress cleaning up excrement in orbit. But there are shortcomings for existing this device, its cable wire exposure first is directly contacted with excrement in air, easily by excrement Just corrode and be difficult to repair;Cable wire steel wire after second long-time service is easily broken off or overhauling scratches pig in turn;The Three such dung scraping devices, which rise, can be only applied to the lesser pig house of scale.
To solve above-mentioned various problems, a kind of step-by-step movement slurry scraper stepping is provided in Chinese patent CN204443536U Device eliminates cable wire, and the cleaning of excrement is realized using track and stepper motor.Specifically disclose: a kind of step-by-step movement is scraped Excrement machine step device, including being uniformly provided with the track of stepped aperture, the head being slidably arranged on track, installation one is fixed in head The fixed point lower outer of plate, the positive shift fork of rotary setting one and a reversed shift fork in fixed plate, two shift forks and fixed plate is equipped with Positive limit pin and reverse limit pin, shift fork move between two spacer pins, and two shift fork tops are linked together by spring, dial In the stepped aperture for pitching lower part insertion track, rail is inserted into track side-to-side movement when the step device of this structure works, shift fork lower part In the stepped aperture in road, head is driven to move to a direction when track side-to-side movement, since the position at spring is higher, Bu Huiyu Excrement contact, spring are not easy the aging that is corroded, and structure is simple, reliable for operation, maintenance cost is low.
Connecting two shift fork heads using spring in above-mentioned patent realizes the movement of head, by the position setting of spring compared with Height avoids it to contact with excrement as possible and is corroded.But other problems are still remained in that patent, such as connected using spring This connection type that two shift forks work alternatively two shift forks can during the work time is simultaneously unreliable, in the process of running It is easy to appear failure.Its motion process is strongly dependent on spring, once the elastic force of spring is detracted or spring carrier arm occurs Phenomena such as problem or paralysis are blocked, all will lead to this slurry scraper and is unable to run.
And a more serious problem is still remained in above-mentioned patent, in order to can be realized commutation, in its head Two side lower parts are provided with opening, and the setting of the opening is in order to which commutation function is realized in the reversing column cooperation being arranged with track both ends. However just because of the setting of the opening, cause excrement urine during scraping excrement that can enter in head by the opening, and And the component inside head is corroded, the spring between especially two shift forks, although it is arranged higher, in reality Still have excrement in the course of work and urine be splashed between spring, and excrement it is dry after can be to blocking each mechanism Operation, leads to not work, and can only stop cleaning, and will affect the use of each mechanism by the corrosion of excrement urine for a long time Service life.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of pig house dung scraping devices that operational reliability is high.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention is implemented as follows: a kind of pig house dung scraping device, including power mechanism, Guide rail mechanism and commutation cabinet, are additionally provided on the commutation cabinet and scrape excrement arm component, and the power mechanism includes starting Machine, the output end of the engine and the input terminal of speed reducer connect, it is characterised in that: the output end and connecting rod of the speed reducer One end of mechanism connects, and the other end of the link mechanism is connect with guide rail mechanism, and the commutation cabinet includes cabinet, described Cabinet one or both sides, which are connected with, scrapes excrement arm component, and the cabinet is slidably arranged on guide rail, the guide rail move back and forth and It is equipped with multiple location holes on the rail length direction, positioning mechanism, the positioning mechanism packet are provided in the cabinet Include the preceding commutation block and rear commutation block along guide rail direction setting, it is described before commutation block and it is described after commutation block respectively with positioning mechanism Ontology is rotatably connected, and the rotatable one end of the preceding commutation block and the rear commutation block cooperates with the location hole respectively It realizes and positions, another rotatable end of the preceding commutation block and the rear commutation block passes through the pressure roller that can be moved forward and backward respectively Wheel realizes limit.By the above-mentioned means, using the cooperation of roller wheel and rotatable commutation block realize commutation cabinet advance, after It moves back and commutates, and then realize the cleaning to piggery feces.Such structural reliability is high, is less prone to failure, long service life.
To further increase operational reliability, the block that commutates before described commutates before being S type and is described with the rear commutation block The short portion of block and the rear commutation block is oppositely arranged.
To further increase operational reliability, the reversing mechanism further includes commutation sliding block, before the commutation sliding block Both ends are respectively arranged with sliding slot afterwards, and the roller wheel is slidably arranged in the sliding slot, and the commutation sliding block can be described It is moved forward and backward in cabinet.
For the stability for further increasing structure, the commutation sliding block rear and front end is respectively arranged with lower openings or upper and lower The cavity of opening, is respectively set the sliding slot on the left and right sides wall of the cavity, and the roller wheel is arranged in the sliding slot It is interior, and the preceding commutation block and the rear commutation block are between two sidewalls.
To further realize front and back commutation, communtation arm is respectively arranged in outer end wall before and after the commutation sliding block, institute It states the extended cabinet of communtation arm and is moved forward and backward, be provided at the guide rail both ends and kept off with the commutation of communtation arm cooperation Block.
In order to further increase sealing performance, it is provided on the front side board and back side panel of the cabinet for the communtation arm The through-hole passed through is respectively arranged with dust excluding plate on the outer wall of the through-hole, is provided on the dust excluding plate for the communtation arm The hole passed through is provided with rubber ring on the hole inner wall.
To further increase reliability of structure, the positioning mechanism ontology include the top plate being connected with the cabinet and Two vertical version of left and right connecting with the top plate, two vertical versions are formed between two vertical versions towards being arranged in cabinet and parallel with guide rail Installation region, the block that commutates before described are arranged in the installation region and pass through reversing pin and two vertical versions company with the rear commutation block It connects, the commutation sliding block is located in the installation region and is higher than the preceding commutation block and rear commutation block, in the positioning mechanism The translot of the roller wheel is installed in setting in two vertical versions of ontology.
Preferably, the reversing pin left and right ends are provided with spring, closely a commutate end of block of the spring is stretched out simultaneously Be pressed on commutation block short portion upper surface, the spring far commutate block one end stretch out be located at commutate pin hole in.
To further increase reliability of operation, lower box rear and front end is provided with the rail press wheels to guide rail limit.
To further increase reliability of operation, guide rail guide roller component is set on the wall of the left and right sides in the cabinet, The guide rail guide roller component includes guiding trestle, and the guiding trestle upper and lower ends are the same as to the left or the same as the installation of stretching formation to the right The mounting plate of guiding axis, the leading truck left and right sides is protruding and is connected with wall box, also covers outside the guiding axis Equipped with rotatable guide roller set.
In order to further increase reliability of operation, it is described scrape excrement arm component include it is main scrape excrement arm and pair scrapes excrement arm, it is described It is main scrape excrement arm and the pair to scrape excrement arm hinged, scrape to be additionally provided on excrement arm in the master and scrape urine plate, the urine plate of scraping is downwardly projected The master scrapes excrement arm and can freely move up and down, and lateral lower roll wheel is provided at the back that the master scrapes excrement arm, in the pair The outermost end for scraping excrement arm is provided with vertical outer roller.
The utility model has the advantages that
Using dung scraping device of the invention, the shifting forward or backward of commutation cabinet can be realized in guide rail front-rear reciprocation movement It is dynamic, further realize that the excrement in pig house is cleared up by the excrement arm component of scraping being arranged on commutation cabinet.
The positioning and commutation of commutation block can be realized by the back-and-forth motion of roller wheel for the setting of dung scraping device of the invention, Commutation and reliability of operation are improved, failure is less prone to, further increases the service life of commutation cabinet.
Pig house of the invention with dung scraping device its commutate cabinet airtight performance it is good, can avoid pig house in excrement and urine into The intracorporal mechanism of case is corroded and blocked within entering to cabinet, improves the service life of commutation cabinet, and is improved Operational reliability avoids the obstruction that movement mechanism occurs.
In addition, the setting of commutation cabinet of the invention by S type commutation block, makes the following table of one end of itself and location hole cooperation Face has more smooth arcwall face, and has upward turning point in lower surface end, and turning point and lower surface form point The end of type, it is fixed when the setting direction of guide rail and commutation block is run in the same direction when the end of the tip is located in the location hole Position hole acts on turning point, can guarantee reliability of operation, when the direction inverted running of the setting of guide rail and commutation block, Location hole acts on arcwall face, not will drive commutation block and moves with guide rail, not only ensure that reliability of operation also achieves The reliability of commutation.
Excrement arm component is scraped using pig house dung scraping device of the invention, the pig house with urine collection tank, energy can be suitable for Enough clear up cleaner.And excrement arm component is scraped in the present invention, by the setting of lower roll wheel, ground can be suitable for not Smooth pig house, and the friction for scraping this part of excrement arm Yu pig house side wall can be reduced by the setting of outer roller, it avoids scraping excrement arm Damage, improve its service life, and make the operation for scraping excrement arm more smooth.
Detailed description of the invention:
Fig. 1 is the main view of dung scraping device of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of dung scraping device of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional view of guide rail mechanism;
Fig. 4 is the top view of commutation cabinet;
Fig. 5 is the positive view of commutation cabinet;
Fig. 6 is the side view of commutation cabinet;
Fig. 7 is the sectional view of commutation cabinet;
Fig. 8 is the bottom view of positioning mechanism;
Fig. 9 is the bottom view of commutation sliding block;
Figure 10 is the structure chart of preceding commutation block;
Figure 11 is the cross-sectional view of guide roller component;
Figure 12 is the front view of guide roller component;
Figure 13 a ~ 13f is commutation cabinet figure the step of rail end is commutated;
Figure 14 is the structure chart of commutation arm component;
Figure 15 is the structure diagram for scraping urine plate;
Figure 16 is the left view of Figure 15.
Specific embodiment:
Specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawing, but the invention is not limited to this A little embodiments, any improvement or replacement on the present embodiment essence spirit still fall within the required guarantor of the claims in the present invention The range of shield.
Embodiment: as shown in figures 1-13, a kind of dung scraping device, including power mechanism 4, guide rail mechanism 3 and commutation cabinet 1, it is additionally provided on the commutation cabinet and scrapes excrement arm component 2.
Wherein, the power mechanism provides the power of reciprocating motion for the guide rail, and the power mechanism includes with electronic Machine or engine provide mechanism for the power of power source, and the output end of the engine 41 is slowed down by speed reducer 42, And the speed reducer further passes through the reciprocating motion that link mechanism 43 realizes the guide rail mechanism.
Specifically, the power source in the present embodiment uses engine 41, the power output shaft of the engine passes through skin It is connect with mechanism 44 with the input terminal of speed reducer, i.e., drive pulley is provided on the output shaft of the engine, described It is provided with driven pulley on the input shaft of speed reducer, biography is provided between the drive pulley and the driven pulley Dynamic belt, and it is all deceleration mechanism that the belt mechanism, which is,.
Using the speed reducer that can purchase on existing market, the link mechanism 43 includes rocking bar 431 and connects the speed reducer Bar 432, the output axis connection of one end of the rocking bar and the speed reducer, one end of the other end of the rocking bar and the connecting rod Portion's connection, and the guide rail of the other end of the connecting rod and guide rail mechanism connects, and the reciprocal fortune of guide rail mechanism is furthermore achieved It is dynamic.
The guide rail mechanism 3 includes rail brackets built-in fitting 31, and the rail brackets built-in fitting to be walked according to guide rail Route carry out pre-buried, be welded with rail brackets 32 on the rail brackets built-in fitting, the rail brackets are upper opening Profile, and be connected with intermediate 33 in the left and right ends of the rail brackets, further include guide rail 34, the guide openings to Down and the intermediate is coated with rail brackets, connecting rod base 433,432 end of connecting rod are provided on the guide rail Portion is connect with the connecting rod base 433, the guide rail can be driven to realize by connecting rod and moved back and forth.
And in the upper surface of the guide rail, along its length, i.e. front-rear direction is evenly arranged with multiple location holes 35, These location holes are advance, retrogressing and the commutation in order to realize the commutation cabinet.
And the commutation cabinet 1 is then arranged on the guide rail, and can be free to slide along the direction of the guide rail.In reality In use process, need to realize that the commutation cabinet runs to other end portion by the one end of guide rail, then transport from the other end Row is returned, by moving back and forth so that commutating scrapes cleaning of the excrement arm component to the excrement urine in pig house on cabinet.
In the present embodiment, the commutation cabinet 1 includes cabinet, is connected in the cabinet one or both sides and scrapes excrement arm group Part 2.Such as when the side of piggery feces treatment trough is arranged in track, it can only be arranged in the side of cabinet and scrape excrement arm component, work as rail When the centre of piggery feces treatment trough is arranged in road, then needs all to be arranged in the two sides of cabinet and scrape excrement arm component.In the present embodiment In, it is both provided in the two sides of the cabinet and scrapes excrement arm component.
The cabinet includes several parts, is provided with positioning mechanism 12 including case ontology 11, in the case ontology first, The positioning mechanism is used to drive the cabinet to move forward or backwards when the guide rail mechanism moves back and forth.
The case ontology includes four side plates 111 all around, also sets up two bottom plates 112 in two or so the side bottom, Left plate connect with left bottom plate and (welds or be spirally connected), and right side plate connect with right bottom plate and (welds or be spirally connected).And front and back side plate both ends It is connect with left plate and right side plate and (welds or be spirally connected), form the frame of case ontology.
The positioning mechanism 12 is arranged within the frame of case ontology, and the positioning mechanism includes one for fixing first One positioning mechanism ontology 13 of entire positioning mechanism, it further includes connecting with top plate that the positioning mechanism ontology, which includes top plate 131, Two vertical versions 132, two vertical versions are preferably vertically arranged with the top plate and towards extending within the frame.It is described two Vertical version is that left and right is set side by side, and is located at the left and right sides of guide rail.
Wherein, using the length direction of guide rail as front-rear direction, with guide rail laterally for left and right directions.
The top plate of the positioning mechanism ontology 13 is connect with the top surface of four side plates all around of the case ontology, i.e., will It is covered at the top of four side plates all around, forms the cavity of a sealing, two of the positioning mechanism ontology are perpendicular Version is arranged in parallel within frame and with guide rail.Reinforcing rib is preferably additionally provided between described two vertical versions and the top plate 133。
The positioning mechanism further includes the rear commutation block 15 for carrying out the preceding commutation block 14 of advance positioning and retreat positioning, Before described commutation block and it is described after commutation block be connected between two vertical versions 132 by reversing pin 16, it is described before commutation block with it is described Commutation block is clearance fit in the reversing pin, can be rotated along the reversing pin.
Short portion's phase of commutation block and the rear commutation block before commutation block is S type and is described with the rear commutation block before described To setting.The lock of reversing pin 16 is at the middle part of the preceding commutation block and the rear commutation block, so that commutation block and institute before described The block that commutates after stating can be rotated along reversing pin.And the short portion of the preceding commutation block and the rear commutation block can be inserted into described lead The positioning hole of rail, and may make its short portion's card to set the pressure in the high portion of preceding commutation block and rear commutation block by roller wheel 17 In positioning hole, or it is detached from location hole.
Such as when needing to travel forward, the high portion end of the preceding commutation block is pressed on by roller wheel, so that institute The short portion end of commutation block is located in the commutation hole and non-rotatable before stating.And the roller wheel of the rear commutation block is pressed on The middle part of commutation block afterwards, so that the short portion end of commutation block is detached from location hole afterwards.It is changed before passing through at this time when guide rail travels forward Entire commutation cabinet is driven to travel forward to block, and guide rail travels forward the reciprocating motion for needing to do after finishing backward, when leading When rail moves backward, reversing box is stationary state, i.e., when moving backward, the short portion end of preceding commutation block is liftable, will not be with Guide rail movement, and guide rail backward move when may make before commutate block short portion end be located at next positioning hole, then work as guide rail When travelling forward again, then commutation cabinet can be driven to travel forward again.
Wherein, in the present embodiment, S type is set by commutation block, makes the following table mask of itself and one end of location hole cooperation There is more smooth arcwall face, and there is upward turning point in lower surface end, turning point and lower surface form tip End, when the end of the tip is located in the location hole, when the setting direction of guide rail and commutation block is run in the same direction, location hole It acts on turning point, can guarantee to operate normally, when the direction inverted running of the setting of guide rail and commutation block, location hole is made It is moved on arcwall face, not will drive commutation block with guide rail.
In addition, the spacing between two neighboring location hole is L, but institute as one of the present embodiment embodiment Stating the distance that guide rail moves forward or back every time is (L+s).Specifically, after each guide rail counter motion, the commutation block Be not located among the location hole, it is necessary to until the guide rail move forward s distance could make commutate block card set into (putting into gear for commutation block is realized) in location hole, and guide rail drives the distance of reversing box forward movement L again at this time.Then the guide rail is past The distance moved again is (L+s), but the distance between two neighboring location hole is L, each time commutate cabinet only move L away from From.
In addition, being additionally provided with commutation sliding block 18, institute in the installation region as another embodiment in embodiment The top that commutation sliding block is located at the commutation block is stated, and the commutation sliding block also has lower openings or perhaps top and the bottom are equal The cavity of opening.
It in the present embodiment, is entity, the cavity being open for top and the bottom of front and back two, front and back in the middle part of the commutation sliding block Sliding slot 181 is both provided on two cavitys, the roller wheel 17 is slidably disposed in the sliding slot.And in two vertical version On be additionally provided with the translot 134 matched with the sliding slot, the roller wheel equally slides in the translot.It is specific and Speech, the roller wheel both ends are arranged with axle sleeve 171, and the axle sleeve is located in the translot, and in the outer of two vertical version Closing block 135 is additionally provided on wall to close the translot.And centre is also arranged on the roller wheel in the cavity Axle sleeve 172, the preceding commutation block and the rear commutation block can penetrate the cavity, by the axle sleeve on the roller wheel to it It is limited.
In addition, the dung scraping device is additionally provided with reversing mechanism, that is, exists in order to realize moving forward and backward for the commutation cabinet The front and rear sides of the commutation sliding block are additionally provided with communtation arm 182, the front side board of the extended case ontology of communtation arm and Back side panel.The hole stretched out for the communtation arm is provided on the front side board and the back side panel.It is described in order to cooperate The commutation of commutation cabinet, the commutation block 36 matched with communtation arm is all fixedly installed in the rear and front end portion of the guide rail.
As one of the present embodiment embodiment, the front side board and back side panel of the commutation cabinet through-hole it is outer It is respectively arranged with dust excluding plate 113 on wall, the hole passed through for the communtation arm is provided on the dust excluding plate, and the dust excluding plate is logical It crosses screw to be locked on the front side board and back side panel, rubber ring 114 is provided on the hole inner wall of the dust excluding plate, it is described to change Rubber ring contact described in the Kong Shiyu on the dust excluding plate is passed through to arm.If this one, one can eliminate gap, avoid excrement and urine Liquid enters in cabinet, and two can reduce the friction between communtation arm and dust excluding plate, improves service life.
In addition, the communtation arm is to be spirally connected with the commutation sliding block, spiral shell is provided on the commutation sliding block front and rear sides Pit is provided with external screw thread in the communtation arm end, by threaded hole described in communtation arm precession, and in the outer spiral shell of communtation arm Line section is additionally provided with nut and is fixed.
It needs described herein to be the more than settable dung scraping device in the present embodiment of the reversing mechanism in the present embodiment Cabinet on, can also be provided on the body of other dung scraping devices, further realize the sealing performance of body or cabinet, avoid case Enter excrement in body or body or urine is corroded.
And use the present embodiment in commutation cabinet when, the roller wheel slidably distance be s, the communtation arm away from From being at least greater than s, when the reversing box body is located at the last one location hole, communtation arm just with the commutation block phase Support, and when the guide rail counter motion s apart from when, the commutation block pushes the communtation arm to move forward, and makes The roller wheel mobile s in the sliding slot changes the preceding commutation block and the roller wheel realization of the rear commutation block To.The roller wheel of i.e. preceding commutation block is moved to middle part, and the block that commutates before described in location hole by being detached from, the pressure roller of the rear commutation block The end in the high portion of commutation block after wheel is moved to, so that the tip end in the short portion of commutation block is located at the location hole after described It is interior, then the guide rail counter motion L apart from when will drive the commutation cabinet and move together.Reversing box is just realized at this time The commutation of body.When the other end for being moved to guide rail, the commutation of commutation block and preceding commutation block after can realizing by the same method.
The action diagram that commutation cabinet commutates in rail end is shown in Figure 13 a ~ 13f, wherein in the present embodiment Take s=50mm, L=500mm, that is to say, that the distance between two neighboring location hole is 500mm, and the distance that guide rail moves back and forth is 550mm。
That is propulsion (withdrawing) distance of the every step-length 500mm of the slurry scraper, speed reducer every revolution guide rail are all 550mm, existing Position is promoting at the 550mm of end, and next movement is that guide rail is withdrawn, and commutation cabinet and two sides scrape excrement arm component and are in quiet at this time Only state, guide rail withdraw dragging commutation block (guide rail is Hard link with commutation block) and commutation block are pushed to move backward and (change Can be moved forward and backward by the promotion of commutation block in cabinet to sliding block commutating) to 50mm when after commutation block fall, preceding commutation Block, which lifts, to be realized and hangs shelves commutation, is commutated at this time and cabinet and is scraped excrement arm component and just all move together with guide rail.At this moment guide rail band Move to cabinet and moves 500mm again backward with the continuation of excrement arm component is scraped, here it is step-length 500mm, wherein in Figure 13 a ~ 13f, arrow Head direction is " rear ".
A circle is that guide rail travels forward under speed reducer, and commutation cabinet and two sides scrape excrement arm component and remain static again, Commutation block does not stop withdrawing for guide rail after on the direction of operation, and the commutation block being at this moment welded on guide rail leaves commutation with guide rail Cabinet, guide rail travel forward 550mm again backhaul 50mm when hang automatically shelves continue on second hole of guide rail dragging commutation box shell Body and two sides scrape excrement arm component and move backward 500mm, and so on change again until knocking the commutation block realization of the guide rail other end (scrape excrement every time only need one round-trip) is moved forward to driving commutation cabinet again and scraping excrement arm component.
Commutation cabinet is shown in Figure 13 a to travel forward until contacting with the commutation block of guide rail front end.
Start to move backward for guide rail in Figure 13 b, when guide rail and commutation block push commutation sliding block to move backward 10mm State commutates cabinet and scrape that excrement arm component is motionless, and preceding commutation block is raised counterclockwise around axis at this time, and rear commutation block is counterclockwise around axis Decline.
State when pushing commutation sliding block to move backward 20mm for guide rail and the block that commutates in Figure 13 c, commutate cabinet at this time Excrement arm component is motionless with scraping, and preceding commutation block is raised counterclockwise around axis, and the rear block that commutates declines counterclockwise around axis.
It is state when guide rail moves backward 30mm with the slipper push commutation sliding block that commutates in Figure 13 d, commutate cabinet at this time Excrement arm component is motionless with scraping, and preceding commutation block is raised counterclockwise around axis, and the rear right reversing pin of block that commutates declines counterclockwise around axis.
State when pushing commutation sliding block to move backward 40mm for guide rail and the block that commutates in Figure 13 e, commutate cabinet at this time Excrement arm component is motionless with scraping, and preceding commutation block is raised counterclockwise around axis, and the rear block that commutates declines counterclockwise around axis.
Figure 13 f is state when guide rail pushes commutation sliding block to move backward 50mm with the block that commutates, and commutates just tied at this time Beam, commutation cabinet and scrapes excrement arm component and continues to move backward 500mm with guide rail by the location hole traction of guide rail.
At this moment enter next circle, commutation cabinet and scrape second location hole that excrement arm component has had been moved to guide rail, it is past Operation speed reducer turns around to commutate cabinet and scrape excrement arm component again again moves to the third hole on rear side of guide rail.
As another embodiment of the present embodiment, the reversing pin left and right ends are provided with spring 162, see Figure 10. Wherein, after the reversing pin passes through the preceding commutation block or rear commutation block, axle sleeve is arranged on the both ends pin shaft of stretching 161, closely a commutate end of block of spring described in the spring 162 is stretched out and is pressed on the short portion upper surface of commutation block, the bullet Spring far commutate block one end stretch out be located at commutation pin hole in.
As another embodiment of the present embodiment, lower box rear and front end is provided with the pressure rail to guide rail limit Wheel.I.e. in the lower part of left and right side plates, it is provided with hole, through hole is equipped with axis, installs rotatable axle sleeve shape on the shaft At rail press wheels.The rail press wheels can limit guide rail in the process of running, it is avoided to lift or be displaced, and guarantee operation Reliability.
As another embodiment of the present embodiment, guide rail guide roller component is set on the wall of the left and right sides in the cabinet 19, see Figure 11 and 12.The guide rail guide roller component includes guiding trestle 191, the guiding trestle upper and lower ends with to the left or With the mounting plate for forming installation guiding axis 192 is stretched out to the right, the leading truck left and right sides is protruding and solid with wall box Even, rotatable guide roller set 193 is also arranged with outside the guiding axis.By the setting of guide roller component, in operational process In can guarantee commutate cabinet stability.
As another embodiment of the present embodiment, the excrement arm of scraping includes that the master connecting with the cabinet scrapes excrement arm 22, Pair is also connected in the other end that the master scrapes excrement arm and scrapes excrement arm 23, and the master scrapes excrement arm and the cabinet is hinged, in the case Body two sides are provided with lug outstanding up and down, and it is hinged by pin and the lug that the master scrapes excrement arm.And the pair scrapes excrement arm Also it is hinged for scraping excrement arm with the master.
In addition, fixing to realize that master scrapes position of excrement arm during scraping excrement, its efficiency for scraping excrement is improved, in the case Body and the master scrape and are additionally provided with maintenance long slab 24 between excrement arm, and the ontology that excrement arm is scraped with the master in maintenance long slab one end is cut with scissors It connects, the screw 25 being arranged on the other end and the cabinet offsets.
Wherein, outwardly directed limit plate is additionally provided on the cabinet, the screw and the limit plate screw thread connect It connects, and the root of the screw and the maintenance long slab cabinet.That is, the maintenance long slab and the master scrape excrement arm and institute It states and forms a triangle between cabinet, by adjusting the relative position of the screw and the maintenance long slab, be then adjusted The master scrapes the angle between excrement arm and cabinet.Further to scrape excrement arm and more be matched with the pig house of different spaces.
In addition, master in the present embodiment, which scrapes to be additionally provided on excrement arm, scrapes urine plate 26, the urine plate of scraping vertically is inserted in institute State master to scrape on excrement arm, scrape to be provided on excrement arm in the master and scrape the cavity that matches of urine plate with described, it is described scrape urine plate can be in institute It states in cavity and freely up and down moves.
For the pig house with urine collection tank, the urine plate of scraping is placed in the urine collection tank, it can be automatically to moving down Dynamic be in contact with the bottom surface of urine collection tank carries out scraping urine, for the pig house for being not provided with urine collection tank, it is described scrape urinate plate can be on ground It is automatically moved up under the action of face, does not influence to scrape excrement completely.
Urine plate slideway is scraped in addition, being additionally provided on the upside of the cavity that the master scrapes excrement arm, is arranged on the urine plate top of scraping There is the roller bearing matched with the slideway.Specifically: the urine plate slideway of scraping has two parts in left and right to constitute, wherein left member 27 with Right member 28 is symmetrical arranged, and in the cavity two sides, is provided with symmetrical cunning on the opposite side wall of the left member and the right member Road is provided with lateral roller bearing 29 on the urine plate top of scraping, and the two sides of the roller bearing are located in the slideway of the left member In the slideway of right member.And the left member and the right member and the master scrape the welding of excrement arm, and the left member and the right member Middle part and top are respectively welded connecting plate 210, become a complete slide assemblies.
As another embodiment in the present embodiment, excrement arm back is scraped in the master and is provided with lower roll wheel 211, under described It is parallel that the axis direction of roller with the master scrapes excrement arm.Wherein, that side connecting with maintenance long slab is arranged in the back.Separately Outside, the most bottom surface of the lower roll wheel scrapes that the most basal surface position of excrement arm is suitable with the master, and the pair scrapes the most bottom surface of excrement arm It is suitable that the most basal surface position of excrement arm is scraped with the master.
As another embodiment in the present embodiment, vertical outer roller is provided in the outermost end that the pair scrapes excrement arm 212, the axis of the outer roller is vertically arranged.That is, the outermost that the pair scrapes excrement arm is logical during scraping excrement It crosses what outer roller was in contact with the side wall of pig house, reduces the secondary friction for scraping excrement arm and wall, improve its operational effect and use Service life.
Excrement arm component is scraped using the pig house dung scraping device for being originally embodiment, can be suitable for urine collection tank or is not had There is the pig house with urine collection tank, can clear up cleaner.
And excrement arm component is scraped in the present embodiment, by the setting of lower roll wheel, ground out-of-flatness can be suitable for Pig house, and the friction for scraping this part of excrement arm Yu pig house side wall can be reduced by the setting of outer roller, the damage for scraping excrement arm is avoided, Its service life is improved, and makes the operation for scraping excrement arm more smooth.In addition, the present embodiment is scraped excrement arm component and can be applicable in It is applied widely in the pig house of different in width.
Using the dung scraping device and its commutation cabinet of the present embodiment, reversing box can be realized in guide rail front-rear reciprocation movement Body is moved forward or rearward, and further realizes that the excrement in pig house is cleared up by the excrement arm component of scraping being arranged on commutation cabinet. The setting of the commutation cabinet of the present embodiment improves commutation and reliability of operation, is less prone to failure, further increases commutation The service life of cabinet.
And the reversing mechanism of the pig house dung scraping device of the present embodiment, commutation cabinet airtight performance is good, can avoid pig house Interior excrement and urine, which enters within cabinet, to be corroded and is blocked to the intracorporal mechanism of case, and the use of commutation cabinet is improved Service life, and operational reliability is improved, avoid the obstruction that movement mechanism occurs.
In addition, setting of the commutation cabinet of the present embodiment by S type commutation block, makes under its one end with location hole cooperation Surface has more smooth arcwall face, and has upward turning point in lower surface end, and turning point is formd with lower surface The end of tip, when the end of the tip is located in the location hole, when the setting direction of guide rail and commutation block is run in the same direction, Location hole acts on turning point, can guarantee reliability of operation, when the direction inverted running of the setting of guide rail and commutation block When, location hole acts on arcwall face, not will drive commutation block and moves with guide rail, not only ensure that reliability of operation is also realized The reliability of commutation.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of pig house dung scraping device, including power mechanism, guide rail mechanism and commutation cabinet, on the commutation cabinet also It is provided with and scrapes excrement arm component, the power mechanism includes engine, and the output end of the engine and the input terminal of speed reducer connect Connect, it is characterised in that: one end of the output end of the speed reducer and link mechanism connects, the other end of the link mechanism with lead Rail mechanism connection, the commutation cabinet includes cabinet, is connected in the cabinet one or both sides and scrapes excrement arm component, the cabinet Slidably it is arranged on guide rail, the guide rail moves back and forth and is equipped with multiple location holes on the rail length direction, in institute It states and is provided with positioning mechanism in cabinet, the positioning mechanism includes the preceding commutation block and rear commutation block along guide rail direction setting, institute Before stating commutation block and it is described after commutation block be rotatably connected respectively with positioning mechanism ontology, it is described before commutation block and it is described after commutation The rotatable one end of block is respectively with location hole cooperation realization positioning, commutate before described block and rear the another of block of commutating One rotatable end passes through the roller wheel that can be moved forward and backward respectively and realizes limit.
2. pig house dung scraping device as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: commutation block and the rear commutation block are equal before described Short portion for S type and the preceding commutation block and the rear commutation block is oppositely arranged.
3. pig house dung scraping device as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: the reversing mechanism further includes that commutation is slided Block is respectively arranged with sliding slot in the rear and front end of the commutation sliding block, and the roller wheel is slidably arranged in the sliding slot, and The commutation sliding block can be moved forward and backward in the cabinet.
4. pig house dung scraping device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that: the commutation sliding block rear and front end is respectively set There is the cavity of lower openings or upper and lower opening, the sliding slot, the pressure roller are respectively set on the left and right sides wall of the cavity Wheel is arranged in the sliding slot, and the preceding commutation block and the rear commutation block are between two sidewalls.
5. pig house dung scraping device as described in claim 3 or 4, it is characterised in that: the outer end before and after the commutation sliding block It is respectively arranged with communtation arm on wall, the extended cabinet of the communtation arm is simultaneously moved forward and backward, and is provided at the guide rail both ends With the commutation block of communtation arm cooperation, it is provided on the front side board and back side panel of the cabinet and is passed through for the communtation arm Through-hole, dust excluding plate is respectively arranged on the outer wall of the through-hole, is provided on the dust excluding plate and passes through for the communtation arm Hole, be provided with rubber ring on the hole inner wall.
6. the pig house dung scraping device as described in any of the above-described claim, it is characterised in that: the positioning mechanism ontology packet Include the top plate being connected with the cabinet and two vertical version of left and right that connect with the top plate, two vertical versions towards setting in cabinet and with Guide rail is parallel, and installation region is formed between two vertical versions, and the block that commutates before described is arranged with the rear commutation block in the installing zone It is connect in domain and by reversing pin with two vertical versions, the commutation sliding block is located in the installation region and is higher than the preceding block that commutates With rear commutation block, the translot of the roller wheel is installed in setting in two vertical versions of the positioning mechanism ontology.
7. pig house dung scraping device as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that: the reversing pin left and right ends are provided with bullet Spring, closely a commutate end of block of the spring are stretched out and are pressed on the short portion upper surface of commutation block, and the spring far commutates block One end, which stretches out, to be located in commutation pin hole.
8. the pig house dung scraping device as described in any of the above-described claim, it is characterised in that: in lower box rear and front end It is provided with the rail press wheels to guide rail limit.
9. the pig house dung scraping device as described in any of the above-described claim, it is characterised in that: the left and right two in the cabinet Guide rail guide roller component is set on side wall, and the guide rail guide roller component includes guiding trestle, the guiding trestle upper and lower ends The mounting plate for forming installation guiding axis is stretched out in the same direction, and the leading truck two sides are protruding and are connected with wall box, described Rotatable guide roller set is also arranged with outside guiding axis.
10. the pig house dung scraping device as described in any of the above-described claim, it is characterised in that: the excrement arm component of scraping includes It is main to scrape excrement arm and pair scrapes excrement arm, the master scrapes excrement arm and the pair to scrape excrement arm hinged, scrape to be additionally provided on excrement arm in the master and scrape Plate is urinated, the urine plate of scraping is downwardly projected the master and scrapes excrement arm and can freely move up and down, is arranged at the back that the master scrapes excrement arm There is lateral lower roll wheel, vertical outer roller is provided in the outermost end that the pair scrapes excrement arm.
CN201910161083.5A 2019-03-04 2019-03-04 A kind of pig house dung scraping device Pending CN109757386A (en)

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CN113261508A (en) * 2021-06-28 2021-08-17 中国农业大学 Stepping type dung scraping device for pigsty

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CN110301362A (en) * 2019-08-13 2019-10-08 重庆市畜牧科学院 A kind of pig house intelligence step-by-step movement scrapes excrement system
CN113261508A (en) * 2021-06-28 2021-08-17 中国农业大学 Stepping type dung scraping device for pigsty

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