CN109746551A - A kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machine back and forth of steel construction - Google Patents

A kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machine back and forth of steel construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109746551A
CN109746551A CN201910022952.6A CN201910022952A CN109746551A CN 109746551 A CN109746551 A CN 109746551A CN 201910022952 A CN201910022952 A CN 201910022952A CN 109746551 A CN109746551 A CN 109746551A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
submerged arc
arc welding
welding machine
gear
driving mechanism
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CN201910022952.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱伯军
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Chongqing Zhejia Steel Structure Co Ltd
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Chongqing Zhejia Steel Structure Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910022952.6A priority Critical patent/CN109746551A/en
Publication of CN109746551A publication Critical patent/CN109746551A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machines back and forth of steel construction, it is characterized by comprising Y-axis track, portal frame, the first driving mechanism, X-axis slide rail, X to slide, the second driving mechanism, Z axis slide rail, third driving mechanism and submerged arc welding machine ontology, which is arranged on Y-axis track;First driving mechanism is for driving the portal frame along the Y-axis track displacement;The X-axis slide rail is fixed on the crossbeam of the portal frame;The X is slidably matched to slide and X-axis slide rail;Second driving mechanism is for driving institute X to be displaced to slide along the X-axis slide rail;The Z-direction slide is slidably matched with the X to slide by the way that Z axis is sliding;The third driving mechanism is for driving the Z-direction slide to be displaced along the Z axis slide rail;The submerged arc welding machine ontology is arranged on the Z-direction slide.The present invention may be implemented automatic quick, accurate, study plot and complete welding, and whole operation is fully automated, and production efficiency and safety can be improved.

Description

A kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machine back and forth of steel construction
Technical field
The invention belongs to a kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machines back and forth of steel construction.
Background technique
Submerged arc welding machine operation and cabling, are usually all to be completed by manually, do not only result in the heavy workload of worker, Er Qiezhi Amount cannot be effectively ensured, and more seriously production efficiency is low, high production cost, be not suitable with large-scale steel structure welding.Separately Outside, had by submerged arc welding machine and generate electric arc and stimulation light, therefore certain harm can be caused to the body of worker.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve one or more drawbacks described above in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of steel constructions with automatically Submerged arc welding machine back and forth.
The invention discloses a kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machines back and forth of steel construction, which is characterized in that including Y-axis track (1), The Y-axis track (1) is fixedly installed and is two to be parallel to each other;Portal frame (2), the portal frame (2) are arranged in Y-axis track (1) On;First driving mechanism (3), first driving mechanism (3) is for driving the portal frame (2) along Y-axis track (1) position It moves;X-axis slide rail (4), the X-axis slide rail (4) are fixed on the crossbeam (2-2) of the portal frame (2);X is to slide (5), the X It is slidably matched to slide (5) and X-axis slide rail (4);Second driving mechanism (6), second driving mechanism (6) for drive institute X to Slide (5) is displaced along the X-axis slide rail (4);Z-direction slide (8), the Z-direction slide (8) pass through Z axis slide rail (7) and the X to cunning Seat (5) is slidably connected;Third driving mechanism (9), the third driving mechanism (9) is for driving the Z-direction slide (8) along the Z Axis sliding rail (7) displacement;Submerged arc welding machine ontology (10), the submerged arc welding machine ontology (10) are arranged on the Z-direction slide (8).
Preferably, there are two vertical beam (2-1) and crossbeams (2-2) for portal frame (2) tool;The crossbeam both ends (2-2) point It is not affixed with the upper end described two vertical beams (2-1), two vertical beam lower ends (2-1) have rail wheel (2-3) and respectively with two The Y-axis track (1) is cooperatively connected.
Preferably, the Y-axis track (1) has the rail wheel guide rail (1-1) and Y-direction rack gear (1-2) being parallel to each other, the rail Road wheel guide rail (1-1) and rail wheel (2-3) are cooperatively connected;First driving mechanism (3) has first motor (3-1) and first Gear (3-2), first motor (3-1) output end connect with first gear (3-2) and for driving the first gear (3-2) Rotation, the first gear (3-2) engage connection with Y-direction rack gear (1-2).
Preferably, second driving mechanism (6) has the second motor (6-1), second gear (6-2) and X to rack gear (6- 3);The X is fixed on the crossbeam (2-2) of the portal frame (2) to rack gear (6-3) and is parallel to each other with X-axis slide rail (4);It should Second motor (6-1) is fixedly mounted on X on slide (5), which connect with second gear (6-2) And for driving the second gear (6-2) to rotate, the second gear (6-2) engages connection to rack gear (6-3) with X,
Preferably, the third driving mechanism (9) has third motor (9-1), third gear (9-2) and Z-direction rack gear (9- 3);The Z-direction rack gear (9-3) is fixed on the Z-direction slide (8) and is parallel to each other with Z axis slide rail (7);The third motor (9- 1) X is fixedly mounted on on slide (5), which connect with third gear (9-2) and for driving institute Third gear (9-2) rotation is stated, the third gear (9-2) engages connection with Z-direction rack gear (9-3).
Preferably, the submerged arc welding machine ontology (10) include submerged arc welding machine head (10-1), wire feeder (10-2), weld seam with Track device (10-3), suction pipe (10-4) and negative-pressure suction machine (10-5);The Weld joint tracker (10-3) and submerged arc welding machine head (10- 1) the ignition tip position (10-11) on is corresponding;Between the suction pipe one end (10-4) and the ignition tip (10-11) have centainly Away from suction pipe (10-4) other end is connect by negative-pressure suction machine (10-5) with flux container (10-6).
Preferably, there are two working cells for setting on the crossbeam (2-2) of the portal frame (2), and two working cells are along X To being distributed side by side.The working cell includes submerged arc welding machine ontology (10), third driving mechanism (9), Z-direction slide (8), Z axis cunning Rail (7), the second driving mechanism (6), X are to slide (5) and X-axis slide rail (4).
Further, ladder (2-4) is provided on the portal frame (2).
Preferably, the welding platform (11) includes chassis (111), two locating support plates (112) and two angle controls Mechanism (113) processed, the mutually V-shaped distribution of described two locating support plates (112), two angle control mechanisms (113) are respectively It is connect with two locating support plates (112) and for adjusting described two locating support plates (112) mutually angle (B) size.
Preferably, the control mechanism (113) include the 4th motor (113-1), guide rod (113-2), screw rod (113-3), Nut seat (113-4) and connecting rod (113-5);Locating support plate (112) back side lower end and chassis (111) hingedly, the screw rod (113-3) is arranged in parallel with guide rod (113-2), which is slidably connected with guide rod (113-2), the nut seat (113-4) is threadedly coupled with screw rod (113-3), and the 4th motor (113-1) output end connect with screw rod (113-3) and for driving The screw rod (113-3) rotation is moved, the connecting rod upper end (113-5) and locating support plate (112) back side upper end are hinged, the connecting rod The lower end (113-5) and the nut seat (113-4) are hinged.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
First, the present invention may be implemented automatic quick, accurate, study plot and complete welding, and whole operation is fully automated Change is welded back and forth, and production efficiency and safety can be improved;
Second, the present invention can be used respectively due to two working cells of configuration and two welding platforms, two working cells It can be respectively used to welding like products difference process in the same process of welding like products or two working cells, or Different like products the same process or two working cells, which can be respectively welded, in person two working cells can be used for welding respectively The same processes of not like products are connect, it is vdiverse in function, different product and technique welding requirements can be met;
Third, the present invention can drive automatically portal frame to be displaced along Y-axis rail linear by first driving mechanism, and the dragon Door frame carries two working cells, using gear and rack gear engagement precision drive and rail-guided, has that linear movement precision is high, The advantages that movement is steady, and bearing capacity is strong, long working life, while when submerged arc welding machine main body cabling, it can be automatically performed, not need Operation, high production efficiency adapt to the welding of large-scale steel structure Y-direction, and submerged arc welding machine main body generates electric arc and stimulation light will not be right The body of worker causes damages, in addition, when to it is different welded by workpiece when, can be by starting the first driving mechanism, to adjust automatically Submerged arc welding machine ontology is saved along the operating coordinates of Y-direction;
4th, the present invention can drive automatically submerged arc welding machine main body, to linear displacement, to use along X by second driving mechanism Gear and rack gear engagement precision drive and sliding rail guiding, have linear movement precision height, movement steady, bearing capacity is strong, work The advantages that service life is long, while when submerged arc welding machine main body cabling, it can be automatically performed, not need to operate, high production efficiency, adapt to large-scale Steel construction is along X to welding, and submerged arc welding machine main body generates electric arc and stimulation light and will not cause damages to the body of worker, separately Outside, when to it is different welded by workpiece when, can by starting the second driving mechanism, with automatically adjust submerged arc welding machine ontology along X to Operating coordinates;
5th, the present invention can drive automatically submerged arc welding machine main body along Z-direction linear displacement by the third driving mechanism, use Gear and rack gear engagement precision drive and sliding rail guiding, have linear movement precision height, movement steady, bearing capacity is strong, work The advantages that service life is long, while when submerged arc welding machine main body cabling, it can be automatically performed, not need to operate, high production efficiency, adapt to large-scale Steel construction is welded along Z-direction, and submerged arc welding machine main body generates electric arc and stimulation light and will not cause damages to the body of worker, separately Outside, when to it is different welded by workpiece when, can by start third driving mechanism, to automatically adjust submerged arc welding machine ontology along Z-direction Operating coordinates;
6th, the present invention is since in welding, which can start work, it can be achieved that when automatically welding workpiece Excess flux after unemployed upstream has been welded returns in flux container through suction pipe one end negative-pressure suction, can continue two Secondary utilization, can the less solder flux to welded piece clear up, while solder flux is recycled automatically and is conducive to, can be compared with little waste;
7th, position of the present invention since ignition tip can be detected automatically in welding by Weld joint tracker, to ensure to make Ignition tip is welded along position while welding eventually, while remaining that the distance between ignition tip and workpiece are invariable, thus Guarantee welding quality, improve welding efficiency, reduce labor intensity, improve welding quality, prevents from deviateing position while welding, welding is more pacified Entirely;
8th, the present invention is used for two by welding plate part when positioning in welding platform, this two by after the positioning of welding plate part Angle can be automatically adjusted through angle control mechanism, can meet the welding requirements of different angle, wide adaptability is vdiverse in function, simultaneously It is high with automation, it is easy to operate, it is time saving and energy saving the advantages that.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is perspective view of the invention.
Fig. 2 is perspective view of the invention (when without welding platform).
Fig. 3 is perspective view of the Fig. 2 when seeing towards other direction.
Fig. 4 is the partial perspective view of assembly relation between portal frame, Y-axis track and the first driving mechanism.
Fig. 5 is the main view of two assembly relations between working cell and portal frame.
Fig. 6 is the left view of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is enlarged drawing at A in Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the perspective view of Fig. 5.
Fig. 9 is the perspective view of Fig. 5 (when being seen towards other direction).
Figure 10 is closed with assembling between portal frame, third driving mechanism, Z axis slide rail, Z-direction slide and submerged arc welding machine ontology etc. The perspective view of system.
Figure 11 is the main view of welding platform.
Figure 12 is the top view of welding platform.
Figure 13 is the perspective view of welding platform.
Specific embodiment
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples:
Referring to Fig. 1-13, a kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machine back and forth of steel construction comprising two Y-axis tracks 1, portal frame 2, First working cell of driving mechanism 3, two and two welding platforms 11.
Referring to Fig. 1-4, wherein the Y-axis track 1 is fixedly installed and is two to be parallel to each other.
Preferably, there are two vertical beam 2-1 and crossbeam 2-2 for the tool of portal frame 2;The both ends the crossbeam 2-2 respectively with it is described Two upper ends vertical beam 2-1 are affixed, and two vertical beam 2-1 of the portal frame 2 are separately positioned on two Y-axis tracks 1,
Referring to fig. 4, specifically, two lower ends vertical beam 2-1 have rail wheel 2-3 and respectively with two Y-axis tracks 1 It is cooperatively connected.
Referring to fig. 4, it is preferable that the Y-axis track 1 has the rail wheel guide rail 1-1 and Y-direction rack gear 1-2 being parallel to each other, should Rail wheel guide rail 1-1 and rail wheel 2-3 is cooperatively connected.
Preferably, the rotatably mounted two rail wheel 2-3 in two lower ends vertical beam 2-1 have on rail wheel 2-3 outer wall There is guiding annular groove, the guiding annular groove and rail wheel guide rail 1-1 are cooperatively connected.It can prevent the rail wheel 2-3 from derailing, while guarantee to lead To kinematic accuracy, guarantee the portal frame 2 along 1 linear movement of Y-axis track, it is ensured that when two working cell weldings, along Y-direction Weld cabling kinematic accuracy.
Referring to fig. 4, first driving mechanism 3 is for driving the portal frame 2 to be displaced along the Y-axis track 1.
Referring to fig. 4, first driving mechanism 3 has first motor 3-1 and first gear 3-2, and first motor 3-1 is solid It is scheduled on vertical beam 2-1, output end connect with first gear 3-2 and for driving the first gear 3-2 to rotate, the first gear 3-2 engages connection with Y-direction rack gear 1-2.In welding, submerged arc welding machine ontology 10 can move (Y-direction cabling) along bead direction, can lead to Portal frame 2 of overdriving is displaced and is automatically performed along the Y-axis track 1.When work, first motor 3-1 drives first gear 3-2 Rotation, first gear 3-2 and the Y-direction rack gear 1-2 gear motion relatively, should since Y-direction rack gear 1-2 is fixed Rail wheel 2-3 is oriented to rolling on rail wheel guide rail 1-1, and the portal frame 2 is along the Y-axis track Y-direction linear displacement, linear precision Height, while motion stabilization, bearing capacity are strong, it can be ensured that long-term stable operation, and extend working life.
When due to submerged arc welding machine main body cabling, it can be automatically performed, not need to operate, high production efficiency, adapt to Large Steel knot Structure welding.Remote button or automatic can be used in procedure auto-control after first motor 3-1 can be connect by button or with PLC Process control, generating electric arc and stimulation light by submerged arc welding machine main body will not cause damages to the body of worker.
In addition, when to it is different welded by workpiece when, can by start the first driving mechanism 3, to adjust submerged arc welding machine ontology 10 along Y-direction operating coordinates.
Referring to Fig. 1, it is preferable that there are two working cell, two job notes for installation on the crossbeam 2-2 of the portal frame 2 For member along X to being distributed side by side, which is separately positioned on the lower section of described two working cells.Therefore, this two Working cell can be respectively used to welding like products the same process or two working cells can be respectively used to weld it is identical Perhaps different like products the same process or this two work can be respectively welded in two working cells to product difference process Unit can be used for being respectively welded the same processes of not like products, and selection multiplicity can meet different product and technique welding requirements.
In the present embodiment, two working cell structures are identical, which works independently, mutually not Interference.
Referring to Fig. 1-4, the working cell includes submerged arc welding machine ontology 10, third driving mechanism 9, Z-direction slide 8, Z axis cunning Rail 7, the second driving mechanism 6, X are to slide 5 and X-axis slide rail 4.
Wherein, which is fixed on the crossbeam 2-2 of the portal frame 2, and the X is to slide 5 and X-axis slide rail 4 It is slidably matched, second driving mechanism 6 is for driving institute X to be displaced to slide 5 along the X-axis slide rail 4.
Preferably, referring to Fig. 5-9, second driving mechanism 6 has the second motor 6-1, second gear 6-2 and X to tooth 6-3;The X is fixed on the crossbeam 2-2 of the portal frame 2 to rack gear 6-3 and is parallel to each other with X-axis slide rail 4;Second electricity Machine 6-1 is fixedly mounted on X on slide 5, which connect with second gear 6-2 and be used to drive described Second gear 6-2 rotation, the second gear 6-2 engage connection to rack gear 6-3 with X.
In welding, submerged arc welding machine ontology 10 can move (X to cabling) along bead direction, can pass through the second driving mechanism 6 Driving submerged arc welding machine ontology 10 is along X to being displaced and be automatically performed.When work, which drives second gear 6-2 to turn Dynamic, to rack gear 6-3 gear motion, which can be along the linear position of X-axis slide rail 4 (i.e. X to) to slide 5 by second gear 6-2 and the X It moves, while the submerged arc welding machine ontology 10 that the X is carried on slide 5 also can be along X to linear displacement, therefore submerged arc welding machine ontology 10 can Realization can move automatically cabling to bead direction along X, while have that linear precision is high, while motion stabilization, and bearing capacity is strong, work Make the service life it is long the advantages that.
When due to submerged arc welding machine main body X to cabling, it can be automatically performed, not need to operate, high production efficiency, adapt to Large Steel Structure welding.Procedure auto-control after second motor 6-1 can be connect by button or with PLC, can remote button or from traverse Sequence controls work, and generating electric arc and stimulation light by submerged arc welding machine main body will not cause damages to the body of worker.
In addition, when to it is different welded by workpiece when, can by start the second driving mechanism 6, to adjust submerged arc welding machine ontology 10 along X to operating coordinates.
Referring to Fig. 5-10, which is slidably connected by the Z axis slide rail 7 and X to slide 5;Preferably, the Z axis Sliding rail 7 is fixed on Z-direction slide 8, and the Z axis slide rail 7 and X are slidably matched to slide 5,
Referring to Fig. 5-10, the third driving mechanism 9 is for driving the Z-direction slide 8 to be displaced along the Z axis slide rail 7
Referring to Figure 10, it is preferable that the third driving mechanism 9 has third motor 9-1, third gear 9-2 and Z-direction rack gear 9-3;The Z-direction rack gear 9-3 is fixed on the Z-direction slide 8 and is parallel to each other with Z axis slide rail 7;Third motor 9-1 is fixed X is mounted on on slide 5, which connect with third gear 9-2 and for driving the third gear 9- 2 rotations, the third gear 9-2 engage connection with Z-direction rack gear 9-3.
Wherein, which is mounted on the Z-direction slide 8.
In welding, submerged arc welding machine ontology 10 can move (Z-direction cabling) along bead direction, can pass through third driving mechanism 9 Driving submerged arc welding machine ontology 10 is displaced and is automatically performed along Z-direction.When work, which drives third gear 9-2 to turn Dynamic, the third gear 9-2 and the Z-direction rack gear 9-3 gear motion, the Z-direction slide 8 can be along Z axis slide rail 7 (i.e. Z-direction) linear positions It moves, while the submerged arc welding machine ontology 10 carried on the Z-direction slide 8 also can be along Z-direction linear displacement, therefore submerged arc welding machine ontology 10 can Realization can move automatically cabling along Z-direction bead direction, while have that linear precision is high, while motion stabilization, and bearing capacity is strong, work Make the service life it is long the advantages that.
When due to submerged arc welding machine main body Z-direction cabling, it can be automatically performed, not need to operate, high production efficiency, adapt to Large Steel Structure welding.Procedure auto-control after third motor 9-1 can be connect by button or with PLC, can remote button or from traverse Sequence controls work, and generating electric arc and stimulation light by submerged arc welding machine main body will not cause damages to the body of worker.
In addition, when to it is different welded by workpiece when, can by start third driving mechanism 9, to adjust submerged arc welding machine ontology 10 along Z-direction operating coordinates.
Referring to Fig. 5-10, it is preferable that the submerged arc welding machine ontology 10 include submerged arc welding machine head 10-1, wire feeder 10-2, Weld joint tracker 10-3, suction pipe 10-4 and negative-pressure suction machine 10-5;On Weld joint tracker 10-3 and submerged arc welding machine head 10-1 The position ignition tip 10-11 it is corresponding;The one end suction pipe 10-4 and the ignition tip 10-11 have (such as 10cm- at regular intervals 30cm), the suction pipe 10-4 other end is connect by negative-pressure suction machine 10-5 with flux container 10-6.
In the present embodiment, when submerged-arc welding, welded piece and welding wire are connect respectively at the two poles of the earth of the source of welding current.And welding wire passes through Couple with the sliding contact of ignition tip with power supply.Welding wire end is constantly melted under electric arc heat effect, thus welding wire should continuously not It is sent into disconnectedly, to keep stablizing for welding process to carry out.The submerged arc welding machine head 10-1 and wire feeder 10-2 can be used existing Design, so do not repeat.
In the present embodiment, connected due to the suction pipe 10-4 other end by negative-pressure suction machine 10-5 and flux container 10-6 It connects.In welding, negative-pressure suction machine 10-5 can start work, extra after can having welded upstream unemployed when welding Solder flux returns in flux container 10-6 through suction pipe 10-4 one end negative-pressure suction, can continue secondary use.It can be less to being welded The solder flux of workpiece is cleared up, while being recycled and being conducive to automatically to solder flux, can be compared with little waste.
Weld joint tracker 10-3 is to detect the position of ignition tip automatically in welding and be sent to control in the present embodiment Default state vs to ensure to make ignition tip to be welded eventually along position while welding, while remaining ignition tip and work The distance between part is invariable, to guarantee welding quality, improves welding efficiency, reduces labor intensity.If in welding There is no Weld joint tracker 10-3, welder will constantly observe the position of ignition tip, check ignition tip either with or without deviation weld seam position It sets, checks the distance between ignition tip and workpiece either with or without variation, if it find that deviateing between weld seam or ignition tip and workpiece Distance change, then welder just needs manually to adjust back ignition tip again, such welder's labor intensity is just very big, especially It is in the case where summer hot weather, as specialized for carbon dioxide gas protection welds (CO2), argon arc welding (TIG), plasma welding (PLASMA) It is just very high Deng immediate vicinity temperature itself, and electric fan cannot be blown again, these severe conditions further increase the labour of welder Intensity additionally needs having a strong sense of responsibility for welder, otherwise just will appear problems of welded quality.
Preferably, it is produced that the remote Automatisme Science and Technology Ltd. in Nanjing can be selected in the Weld joint tracker 10-3 YXAWST-L model.
In other embodiments, existing design can be used in the submerged arc welding machine ontology 10.
Referring to Fig. 3, further, ladder 2-4 is provided on the portal frame 2.It can be comfortable by being climbed on ladder 2-4 On crossbeam 2-2, then can two submerged arc welding machine ontologies 10 thereon be added with solder flux and welding wire, operated more convenient.
It further include that the welding platform 11 includes 111, two locating support plates of chassis further referring to Fig. 1,11-13 112 and two angle control mechanisms 113, the mutual V-shaped distribution of described two locating support plates 112, two angles control machines Structure 113 connect with two locating support plates 112 respectively and for adjusting the mutual included angle B size of described two locating support plates 112. Before welding, it needs for two plates (N-1, N-2) to be welded to be placed with respectively on two 112 medial surfaces of locating support plate; Weld situations according to practical two plates (N-1, N-2), can be worked by least one angle control mechanism 113 adjust this two Included angle B between a locating support plate 112, and by two plate (N-1, N-2) welding leading angle positioning, different angle can be met Welding requirements, wide adaptability is vdiverse in function.
Referring to Figure 11-13, it is preferable that the control mechanism 113 includes the 4th motor 113-1, guide rod 113-2, screw rod 113-3, nut seat 113-4 and connecting rod 113-5;112 back side lower end of locating support plate and chassis 111 are hinged, the screw rod 113-3 is arranged in parallel with guide rod 113-2, and nut seat 113-4 is slidably connected with guide rod 113-2, nut seat 113-4 and screw rod 113-3 is threadedly coupled, and the 4th motor 113-1 output end connect with screw rod 113-3 and for driving the screw rod 113-3 to turn Dynamic, the upper end connecting rod 113-5 and 112 back side upper end of locating support plate are hinged, the lower end connecting rod 113-5 and the nut seat 113- 4 is hinged.When adjusting, the 4th motor 113-1 drives the screw rod 113-3 rotation, and screw rod 113- drives the nut seat 113-4 drives the locating support plate by connecting rod 113-5 along the guide rod 113-2 linear slide, nut seat 113-4 It, along its hinged center rotating, therefore, when the 4th motor 113-1 becomes a full member or is reversed, is somebody's turn to do on chassis 111 at 112 back sides lower end Two 112 angles of locating support plate can become larger or become smaller respectively.Since the included angle B between two locating support plates 112 can be certainly Dynamic to adjust, easy to operate, time saving and energy saving, automation is high.
The present invention can carry out in the following way welding:
First, workpiece positioning: first group of two plate (N-1, N-2) to be welded are fixed in first welding platform 11 Position, second group of two plate (N-1, N-2) of welding are positioned in second welding platform 11;
Second, Double-station welding: when starting first job cell operation, which is used for first First group positioned in welding platform 11, two plate (N-1, N-2) welding processings;When starting second working cell work, and Second working cell is used for second group positioned in second welding platform 11, two plate (N-1, N-2) same weld works Sequence processing.
In addition, the present invention can according to can under type carry out welding:
First, two plates (N-1, N-2) to be welded workpiece positioning: are pressed into upper process in first welding platform 11 It is required that second group of two plate (N-1, N-2) of welding are pressed procedure calls positioning by positioning in second welding platform 11;
Second, Double-station welding: when starting first job cell operation, which is used for first Process welding processing on first group positioned in welding platform 11, two plates (N-1, N-2);Start second working cell work When making, and second working cell is used under second group of two plate (N-1, N-2) positioned in second welding platform 11 Process welding processing.
At work, of the invention at least to have the following characteristics that
First, the present invention may be implemented automatic quick, accurate, study plot and complete welding, and whole operation is fully automated Change is welded back and forth, and production efficiency and safety can be improved;
Second, the present invention can be used respectively due to two working cells of configuration and two welding platforms, two working cells It can be respectively used to welding like products difference process in the same process of welding like products or two working cells, or Different like products the same process or two working cells, which can be respectively welded, in person two working cells can be used for welding respectively The same processes of not like products are connect, it is vdiverse in function, different product and technique welding requirements can be met;
Third, the present invention can drive automatically portal frame to be displaced along Y-axis rail linear by first driving mechanism, and the dragon Door frame carries two working cells, using gear and rack gear engagement precision drive and rail-guided, has that linear movement precision is high, The advantages that movement is steady, and bearing capacity is strong, long working life, while when submerged arc welding machine main body cabling, it can be automatically performed, not need Operation, high production efficiency adapt to the welding of large-scale steel structure Y-direction, and submerged arc welding machine main body generates electric arc and stimulation light will not be right The body of worker causes damages, in addition, when to it is different welded by workpiece when, can be by starting the first driving mechanism, to adjust automatically Submerged arc welding machine ontology is saved along the operating coordinates of Y-direction;
4th, the present invention can drive automatically submerged arc welding machine main body, to linear displacement, to use along X by second driving mechanism Gear and rack gear engagement precision drive and sliding rail guiding, have linear movement precision height, movement steady, bearing capacity is strong, work The advantages that service life is long, while when submerged arc welding machine main body cabling, it can be automatically performed, not need to operate, high production efficiency, adapt to large-scale Steel construction is along X to welding, and submerged arc welding machine main body generates electric arc and stimulation light and will not cause damages to the body of worker, separately Outside, when to it is different welded by workpiece when, can by starting the second driving mechanism, with automatically adjust submerged arc welding machine ontology along X to Operating coordinates;
5th, the present invention can drive automatically submerged arc welding machine main body along Z-direction linear displacement by the third driving mechanism, use Gear and rack gear engagement precision drive and sliding rail guiding, have linear movement precision height, movement steady, bearing capacity is strong, work The advantages that service life is long, while when submerged arc welding machine main body cabling, it can be automatically performed, not need to operate, high production efficiency, adapt to large-scale Steel construction is welded along Z-direction, and submerged arc welding machine main body generates electric arc and stimulation light and will not cause damages to the body of worker, separately Outside, when to it is different welded by workpiece when, can by start third driving mechanism, to automatically adjust submerged arc welding machine ontology along Z-direction Operating coordinates;
6th, the present invention is since in welding, which can start work, it can be achieved that when automatically welding workpiece Excess flux after unemployed upstream has been welded returns in flux container through suction pipe one end negative-pressure suction, can continue two Secondary utilization, can the less solder flux to welded piece clear up, while solder flux is recycled automatically and is conducive to, can be compared with little waste;
7th, position of the present invention since ignition tip can be detected automatically in welding by Weld joint tracker, to ensure to make Ignition tip is welded along position while welding eventually, while remaining that the distance between ignition tip and workpiece are invariable, thus Guarantee welding quality, improve welding efficiency, reduce labor intensity, improve welding quality, prevents from deviateing position while welding, welding is more pacified Entirely;
8th, the present invention is used for two by welding plate part when positioning in welding platform, this two by after the positioning of welding plate part Angle can be automatically adjusted through angle control mechanism, can meet the welding requirements of different angle, wide adaptability is vdiverse in function, simultaneously It is high with automation, it is easy to operate, it is time saving and energy saving the advantages that.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention has been described in detail above.It should be appreciated that those skilled in the art without It needs creative work according to the present invention can conceive and makes many modifications and variations.Therefore, all technologies in the art Personnel are available by logical analysis, reasoning, or a limited experiment on the basis of existing technology under this invention's idea Technical solution, all should be within the scope of protection determined by the claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machine back and forth of steel construction, which is characterized in that including
Y-axis track (1), the Y-axis track (1) are fixedly installed and are two to be parallel to each other;
Portal frame (2), the portal frame (2) are arranged on Y-axis track (1);
First driving mechanism (3), first driving mechanism (3) is for driving the portal frame (2) along Y-axis track (1) position It moves;
X-axis slide rail (4), the X-axis slide rail (4) are fixed on the crossbeam (2-2) of the portal frame (2);
X is slidably matched to slide (5), the X to slide (5) and X-axis slide rail (4);
Second driving mechanism (6), second driving mechanism (6) is for driving institute X to slide (5) along the X-axis slide rail (4) position It moves;
Z-direction slide (8), the Z-direction slide (8) are slidably connected with the X to slide (5) by Z axis slide rail (7);
Third driving mechanism (9), the third driving mechanism (9) is for driving the Z-direction slide (8) along the Z axis slide rail (7) position It moves;
Submerged arc welding machine ontology (10), the submerged arc welding machine ontology (10) are arranged on the Z-direction slide (8).
2. a kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machine back and forth of steel construction as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the portal frame (2) there are two vertical beam (2-1) and crossbeams (2-2) for tool;
Crossbeam (2-2) both ends are affixed with the upper end described two vertical beams (2-1) respectively, which has It rail wheel (2-3) and is cooperatively connected respectively with two Y-axis tracks (1).
3. a kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machine back and forth of steel construction as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: the Y-axis rail Road (1) has the rail wheel guide rail (1-1) and Y-direction rack gear (1-2) being parallel to each other, the rail wheel guide rail (1-1) and rail wheel (2- 3) it is cooperatively connected;
First driving mechanism (3) has first motor (3-1) and first gear (3-2), first motor (3-1) output end It is connect with first gear (3-2) and for driving the first gear (3-2) rotation, the first gear (3-2) and Y-direction rack gear (1-2) engagement connection.
4. a kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machine back and forth of steel construction as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, it is characterised in that: institute The second driving mechanism (6) are stated with the second motor (6-1), second gear (6-2) and X to rack gear (6-3);
The X is fixed on the crossbeam (2-2) of the portal frame (2) to rack gear (6-3) and is parallel to each other with X-axis slide rail (4);
Second motor (6-1) is fixedly mounted on X on slide (5), the second motor (6-1) output end and second gear (6- 2) it connects and for driving the second gear (6-2) to rotate, the second gear (6-2) and X are to rack gear (6-3) company of engagement It connects.
5. such as a kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machine back and forth of steel construction of any of claims 1-4, it is characterised in that: institute Third driving mechanism (9) are stated with third motor (9-1), third gear (9-2) and Z-direction rack gear (9-3);
The Z-direction rack gear (9-3) is fixed on the Z-direction slide (8) and is parallel to each other with Z axis slide rail (7);
The third motor (9-1) is fixedly mounted on X on slide (5), third motor (9-1) output end and third gear (9- 2) it connects and for driving the third gear (9-2) to rotate, the third gear (9-2) and Z-direction rack gear (9-3) company of engagement It connects.
6. a kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machine back and forth of steel construction according to any one of claims 1 to 5, it is characterised in that: institute Stating submerged arc welding machine ontology (10) includes submerged arc welding machine head (10-1), wire feeder (10-2), Weld joint tracker (10-3), suction pipe (10-4) and negative-pressure suction machine (10-5);
The Weld joint tracker (10-3) is corresponding with the ignition tip position (10-11) on submerged arc welding machine head (10-1);
The suction pipe one end (10-4) and the ignition tip (10-11) tool are at regular intervals, and suction pipe (10-4) other end is logical Negative-pressure suction machine (10-5) is crossed to connect with flux container (10-6).
7. such as a kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machine back and forth of steel construction of any of claims 1-6, it is characterised in that:
Setting is there are two working cell on the crossbeam (2-2) of the portal frame (2), and two working cells are along X to being distributed side by side;
The working cell include submerged arc welding machine ontology (10), third driving mechanism (9), Z-direction slide (8), Z axis slide rail (7), Second driving mechanism (6), X are to slide (5) and X-axis slide rail (4).
8. such as a kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machine back and forth of steel construction of any of claims 1-7, it is characterised in that: institute It states and is provided with ladder (2-4) on portal frame (2).
9. a kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machine back and forth of steel construction as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that: further include two welderings Platform (11) are connect, which is separately positioned on the lower section of described two working cells;
The welding platform (11) includes chassis (111), two locating support plates (112) and two angle control mechanisms (113), The mutually V-shaped distribution of described two locating support plates (112), two angle control mechanisms (113) are propped up with two positioning respectively Board (112) connects and for adjusting described two locating support plates (112) mutually angle (B) size.
10. a kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machine back and forth of steel construction as claimed in claim 9, it is characterised in that: the control machine Structure (113) includes the 4th motor (113-1), guide rod (113-2), screw rod (113-3), nut seat (113-4) and connecting rod (113- 5);
Hingedly, the screw rod (113-3) is parallel with guide rod (113-2) for locating support plate (112) back side lower end and chassis (111) Setting, the nut seat (113-4) are slidably connected with guide rod (113-2), and the nut seat (113-4) and screw rod (113-3) screw thread connect It connects, the 4th motor (113-1) output end connect with screw rod (113-3) and for driving the screw rod (113-3) to rotate, the company The bar upper end (113-5) and locating support plate (112) back side upper end are hinged, the connecting rod lower end (113-5) and the nut seat (113- 4) hinged.
CN201910022952.6A 2019-01-10 2019-01-10 A kind of full-automatic submerged arc welding machine back and forth of steel construction Pending CN109746551A (en)

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CN110238496A (en) * 2019-05-30 2019-09-17 中船澄西船舶修造有限公司 A kind of soldering test platform
CN111482681A (en) * 2020-05-22 2020-08-04 浙江东南网架股份有限公司 Submerged arc welding method of H-shaped steel robot
CN113399797A (en) * 2021-06-11 2021-09-17 中国核工业第二二建设有限公司 Welding forming device and method for transition section of steel lining and axillary region
CN113399798A (en) * 2021-06-11 2021-09-17 中国核工业第二二建设有限公司 Steel lining and axillary region transition section forming device and forming method thereof

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CN113399798A (en) * 2021-06-11 2021-09-17 中国核工业第二二建设有限公司 Steel lining and axillary region transition section forming device and forming method thereof

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Application publication date: 20190514