CN109663951B - Percussion drill drilling device - Google Patents

Percussion drill drilling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109663951B
CN109663951B CN201811571893.XA CN201811571893A CN109663951B CN 109663951 B CN109663951 B CN 109663951B CN 201811571893 A CN201811571893 A CN 201811571893A CN 109663951 B CN109663951 B CN 109663951B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drill
drilling
guide
percussion
floating
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201811571893.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109663951A (en
Inventor
谢石柱
姚维兵
杨永峰
高丙坤
李有永
郑连军
吴青长
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangzhou Mino Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangzhou Mino Automotive Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Guangzhou Mino Automotive Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Guangzhou Mino Automotive Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811571893.XA priority Critical patent/CN109663951B/en
Publication of CN109663951A publication Critical patent/CN109663951A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109663951B publication Critical patent/CN109663951B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D16/00Portable percussive machines with superimposed rotation, the rotational movement of the output shaft of a motor being modified to generate axial impacts on the tool bit
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D17/00Details of, or accessories for, portable power-driven percussive tools
    • B25D17/08Means for retaining and guiding the tool bit, e.g. chucks allowing axial oscillation of the tool bit
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D17/00Details of, or accessories for, portable power-driven percussive tools
    • B25D17/28Supports; Devices for holding power-driven percussive tools in working position

Abstract

The invention discloses a percussion drill drilling device, which is used in the field of drilling devices and comprises a percussion drill; the guide component can be supported on the drilling surface; a sliding member that is engaged with the guide member and is capable of moving up and down along the guide member; and the impact drill mounting structure is connected with the sliding component and can fix the impact drill. During drilling, the impact drill is connected with the sliding part through the impact drill mounting structure, the guide part is supported on the drilling surface, on one hand, shaking is prevented in the drilling process, on the other hand, partial load of the impact drill mounting structure can be unloaded, and the drill bit feeding force of the impact drill is prevented from being too large. And starting the impact drill, and descending the impact drill along the guide part under the action of self gravity to finish drilling. It can replace artifical manual operation mode, avoids the injury human body, and drilling quality is good, and the drilling precision is high.

Description

Percussion drill drilling device
Technical Field
The invention is used in the field of drilling devices, and particularly relates to a percussion drill drilling device.
Background
Traditional percussion drill drilling mode adopts artifical manual operation, and the impact force of percussion drill is used the human body, and is very big to the human body injury, and drilling quality is poor, and drilling accuracy is poor.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to at least solve one of the technical problems in the prior art, and provides a percussion drill drilling device which can replace a manual operation mode, avoid hurting a human body, and has good drilling quality and high drilling precision.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: a percussion drill drilling device comprises
Percussion drilling;
the guide component can be supported on the drilling surface;
a sliding member that is engaged with the guide member and is capable of moving up and down along the guide member;
and the impact drill mounting structure is connected with the sliding component and can fix the impact drill.
As further improvement of the technical scheme of the invention, the lower end of the guide component is provided with a drill bushing guide mechanism.
Further as an improvement of the technical scheme of the invention, the drill bushing guide mechanism comprises a first drill bushing locking member, a second drill bushing locking member and a clamping mechanism, and the clamping mechanism can drive the first drill bushing locking member and the second drill bushing locking member to position and clamp the tail end of the drill bit of the percussion drill.
The first drill sleeve locking piece and the second drill sleeve locking piece are respectively provided with a rolling piece which is in contact fit with a drill bit of the percussion drill, the clamping mechanism comprises a bidirectional screw rod, the first drill sleeve locking piece and the second drill sleeve locking piece are arranged on the bidirectional screw rod, and the bidirectional screw rod can drive the first drill sleeve locking piece and the second drill sleeve locking piece to approach or separate.
Further as an improvement of the technical scheme of the invention, the feeding mechanism further comprises a feeding mechanism, an output end of the feeding mechanism is connected with the sliding component through a floating mechanism, and a first limiting piece capable of limiting the sliding component to descend is arranged at the output end of the feeding mechanism.
Further as an improvement of the technical scheme of the invention, the floating mechanism comprises a mounting piece arranged at the output end of the feeding mechanism, a floating guide rail arranged on the mounting piece and a floating slide block arranged on the sliding component and matched with the floating guide rail.
Further as an improvement of the technical scheme of the invention, a spring seat is arranged above the floating slide block on the mounting piece, and a buffer spring is arranged between the spring seat and the floating slide block.
As further improvement of the technical scheme of the invention, the spring seat is provided with a pressure adjusting screw.
Further as an improvement of the technical scheme of the invention, the device also comprises a detection device capable of detecting the relative displacement of the mounting piece and the floating slide block.
Further as an improvement of the technical scheme of the invention, a second limiting part capable of limiting the sliding part to ascend is arranged on the guide part, and a navigation target ball is arranged at the top end of the guide part right above the percussion drill.
One of the above technical solutions has at least one of the following advantages or beneficial effects: during drilling, the impact drill is connected with the sliding part through the impact drill mounting structure, the guide part is supported on the drilling surface, on one hand, shaking is prevented in the drilling process, on the other hand, partial load of the impact drill mounting structure can be unloaded, and the drill bit feeding force of the impact drill is prevented from being too large. And starting the impact drill, and descending the impact drill along the guide part under the action of self gravity to finish drilling. It can replace artifical manual operation mode, avoids the injury human body, and drilling quality is good, and the drilling precision is high.
Drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is an isometric view of an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a front view of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a side view of an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to the present preferred embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals refer to like elements throughout.
In the present invention, if directions (up, down, left, right, front, and rear) are described, the structure shown in fig. 1 is referred to as a description, but it is only for convenience of describing the technical solution of the present invention, and it is not intended to indicate or imply that the technical features referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, it is not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the present invention, "a plurality" means one or more, "a plurality" means two or more, "more than", "less than", "more than", and the like are understood as not including the number; the terms "above", "below", "within" and the like are to be understood as including the number. In the description of the present invention, if there is description of "first" and "second" for the purpose of distinguishing technical features only, it is not to be understood as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of indicated technical features or implicitly indicating the precedence of the indicated technical features.
In the present invention, unless explicitly defined otherwise, the terms "disposed," "mounted," "connected," and the like are to be understood in a broad sense, and for example, may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate; can be fixedly connected, can also be detachably connected and can also be integrally formed; may be mechanically coupled, may be electrically coupled or may be capable of communicating with each other; either as communication within the two elements or as an interactive relationship of the two elements. The specific meaning of the above-mentioned words in the present invention can be reasonably determined by those skilled in the art in combination with the detailed contents of the technical solutions.
Referring to fig. 1, 2 and 3, an embodiment of the present invention provides a percussion drill drilling apparatus including
A percussion drill 1;
a guide member 2, the guide member 2 being capable of being supported on a drilling surface;
a slide member 3, the slide member 3 being engaged with the guide member 2 and being capable of moving up and down along the guide member 2;
and a hammer drill mounting structure which is connected to the slide member 3 and can fix the hammer drill 1.
During drilling, the impact drill 1 is connected with the sliding part 3 through the impact drill mounting structure, the guide part 2 is supported on the drilling surface, on one hand, the drilling process is prevented from shaking, on the other hand, the partial load of the impact drill mounting structure can be unloaded, and the drill bit feeding force of the impact drill 1 is prevented from being overlarge. And starting the impact drill 1, and descending the impact drill 1 along the guide part 2 under the action of the self gravity and completing drilling. It can replace artifical manual operation mode, avoids the injury human body, and drilling quality is good, and the drilling precision is high.
In some embodiments, the guiding component 2 may adopt a guide rail, a guide post, a guide rod, a guide groove, etc., and preferably, the guiding component 2 includes two guide rods, which are arranged in parallel, so as to guide the sliding component 3 and simultaneously prevent the sliding component 3 from rotating, thereby ensuring the punching precision.
In some embodiments, the impact drill mounting structure is a fastener, a buckle, or the like, preferably, the impact drill mounting structure includes an impact drill locking plate 4, an impact drill fixing plate 5, and an impact drill locking buckle 6, the impact drill locking plate 4 is connected to the sliding part 3 on the guide part 2, the impact drill fixing plate 5 is connected to the impact drill locking plate 4 and can be matched with the top of the impact drill 1, a buffer block 7 is arranged between the impact drill fixing plate 5 and the impact drill 1, and the impact drill locking buckle 6 can lock and connect the bottom of the impact drill 1 to the sliding part. The impact drill locking buckle 6 adopts a detachable structure form, so that the impact drill 1 is convenient to take and place.
In some embodiments the lower end of the guide member 2 is provided with drill bushing guiding means. The drill bushing guide mechanism is used for preventing the drill bit from shaking, so that the drilling precision is greatly improved. The drill bushing guide mechanism can adopt a guide seat provided with a guide hole for the drill bit to pass through. Preferably, the drill sleeve guide mechanism comprises a first drill sleeve locking member 8, a second drill sleeve locking member 9 and a clamping mechanism, and the clamping mechanism can drive the first drill sleeve locking member 8 and the second drill sleeve locking member 9 to position and clamp the tail end of the drill bit of the percussion drill 1. During drilling, the first drill sleeve locking piece 8 and the second drill sleeve locking piece 9 are in sliding or rolling fit with a drill bit.
In some embodiments, the first drill sleeve locking piece 8 and the second drill sleeve locking piece 9 are provided with rolling pieces 10 which are in contact fit with the drill bit of the percussion drill 1, and the drill bit and the drill sleeve locking piece are transited by the rolling pieces 10 to prevent the drill bit from being worn in the rotating process.
In some embodiments, the clamping mechanism may adopt a cylinder, a screw rod and the like, and preferably, the clamping mechanism comprises a bidirectional screw rod 11, the first drill sleeve locking piece 8 and the second drill sleeve locking piece 9 are arranged on the bidirectional screw rod 11, and the bidirectional screw rod 11 can drive the first drill sleeve locking piece 8 and the second drill sleeve locking piece 9 to approach or separate.
In some embodiments, the drilling device further comprises a feeding mechanism 13, the feeding mechanism 13 is mainly used for providing a reasonably controllable feeding speed in the drilling process, an output end of the feeding mechanism 13 is connected with the sliding component 3 through a floating mechanism, the impact drill 1 vibrates up and down along the guide component 2 in the drilling process, the floating mechanism can prevent the impact force of the impact drill 1 from being transmitted to the feeding mechanism 13, the output end of the feeding mechanism 13 is provided with a first limiting member 12 capable of limiting the descending of the sliding component, the impact drill 1 descends along the guide component 2 under the action of self gravity in the drilling process, the output end of the feeding mechanism 13 drives the first limiting member 12 to descend at a reasonably controllable feeding speed, and the impact drill 1 descends at the feeding speed of the first limiting member 12 under the action of the first limiting member 12, so that the drilling depth precision is improved.
In some embodiments, the feeding mechanism 13 is implemented by a pneumatic cylinder, a motor-driven lead screw and nut mechanism, or the like.
In some embodiments, the floating mechanism is a floating spring bracket, a floating shaft hole, etc., and preferably, the floating mechanism includes a mounting member 14 provided at the output end of the feeding mechanism 13, a floating guide 15 provided on the mounting member 14, and a floating slider 16 provided on the sliding member 3 and engaged with the floating guide 15.
In some embodiments, the feeding mechanism 13 may provide a part of the feeding force during drilling, a spring seat is disposed on the mounting member 14 above the floating slider 16, a buffer spring 17 is disposed between the spring seat and the floating slider 16, the feeding mechanism 13 may apply the feeding force to the impact drill 1 through the buffer spring 17, and the impact drill 1 drills a hole through self weight and spring pressure, so as to obtain a faster drilling speed.
In some embodiments, the feed mechanism 13 employs a servo-module that maintains the feed rate when the spring compression reaches a nominal range. When the spring compression is less than the minimum, the servo system accelerates, thereby achieving a faster drilling speed. When the compression amount of the spring is larger than the limit value, the servo system decelerates to avoid damaging the drill bit due to overlarge pressure. The maximum drilling efficiency can be obtained under the condition of protecting the drill bit through closed-loop control.
In some embodiments, a pressure adjustment screw 18 is provided on the spring seat. The initial elastic force of the buffer spring 17 can be adjusted by the pressure adjusting screw 18.
In some embodiments, a detection device 19 is included that is capable of detecting the relative displacement of the mount 14 and the slider 16. The detection device can adopt a displacement sensor, a position sensor and the like, can judge whether the drill bit drills according to the set feeding speed according to the relative displacement of the mounting part 14 and the floating slide block 16, and can feed back a signal when the drilling speed of the impact drill 1 suddenly drops, so that the impact drill 1 is protected, and the impact drill 1 is prevented from being damaged due to the fact that the impact drill 1 meets barriers such as reinforcing steel bars.
In some embodiments, the guide member 2 is provided with a second limiting member 20 capable of limiting the sliding member 3 from ascending, and the feeding mechanism 13 can lift the guide member 2, the impact drill 1, and the like through the first limiting member 12, the floating mechanism, and the second limiting member 20, so as to facilitate the drilling displacement of the whole device.
In some embodiments, the top end of the guide member 2 is provided with a navigation target ball 21 directly above the percussion drill 1. The navigation target ball 21 is connected with the target ball rotating motor 22, and the navigation target ball 21 can feed back the accurate drilling position of the percussion drill 1 in real time, so that the premise is provided for automatic drilling.
The invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and those skilled in the art can make equivalent modifications or substitutions without departing from the spirit of the invention, and such equivalent modifications or substitutions are included in the scope defined by the claims of the present application.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a percussion drill drilling equipment which characterized in that: comprises that
Percussion drilling;
the guide component can be supported on the drilling surface;
a sliding member that is engaged with the guide member and is capable of moving up and down along the guide member;
the impact drill mounting structure is connected with the sliding component and can fix the impact drill;
and the output end of the feeding mechanism is connected with the sliding component through a floating mechanism, and a first limiting part capable of limiting the sliding component to descend is arranged at the output end of the feeding mechanism.
2. The percussion drill drilling apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the lower end of the guide component is provided with a drill bushing guide mechanism.
3. The percussion drill drilling apparatus of claim 2, wherein: the drill bushing guide mechanism comprises a first drill bushing locking member, a second drill bushing locking member and a clamping mechanism, and the clamping mechanism can drive the first drill bushing locking member and the second drill bushing locking member to position and clamp the tail end of a drill bit of the percussion drill.
4. The percussion drill drilling apparatus of claim 3, wherein: all be equipped with on first drill bushing retaining member and the second drill bushing retaining member with strike the drill bit contact complex rolling member of boring, clamping mechanism includes two-way lead screw, and first drill bushing retaining member, second drill bushing retaining member are installed on two-way lead screw, and two-way lead screw can drive first drill bushing retaining member, second drill bushing retaining member and be close to or separate.
5. The percussion drill drilling apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the floating mechanism comprises a mounting piece arranged at the output end of the feeding mechanism, a floating guide rail arranged on the mounting piece and a floating slide block arranged on the sliding part and matched with the floating guide rail.
6. The percussion drill drilling apparatus of claim 5, wherein: a spring seat is arranged above the floating slide block on the mounting part, and a buffer spring is arranged between the spring seat and the floating slide block.
7. The percussion drill drilling apparatus of claim 6, wherein: the spring seat is provided with a pressure adjusting screw.
8. The percussion drill drilling apparatus of claim 6, wherein: the device also comprises a detection device capable of detecting the relative displacement of the mounting part and the floating slide block.
9. The percussion drill drilling apparatus of claim 1, wherein: the guide component is provided with a second limiting part capable of limiting the sliding component to ascend, and the top end of the guide component is provided with a navigation target ball right above the percussion drill.
CN201811571893.XA 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 Percussion drill drilling device Active CN109663951B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811571893.XA CN109663951B (en) 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 Percussion drill drilling device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811571893.XA CN109663951B (en) 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 Percussion drill drilling device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109663951A CN109663951A (en) 2019-04-23
CN109663951B true CN109663951B (en) 2020-06-09

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811571893.XA Active CN109663951B (en) 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 Percussion drill drilling device

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Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10325073B4 (en) * 2003-06-03 2015-01-29 Mafell Ag drilling rig
CN105538237B (en) * 2016-01-20 2018-06-26 广州明珞汽车装备有限公司 A kind of electric hammer punching auxiliary device
CN107813427B (en) * 2017-10-30 2019-11-19 台州志方科技股份有限公司 A kind of impact drill auxiliary device
CN208132050U (en) * 2018-02-28 2018-11-23 青岛旺达水下工程有限公司 A kind of drill positioning device of underwater drilling equipment

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Address after: Room 101 and 201, building C3, No. 11, Kaiyuan Avenue, Huangpu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: Guangzhou mingluo Equipment Co., Ltd

Address before: 510530 Unit A and Second Floor of Building C3, No.11 Kaiyuan Avenue, Guangzhou High-tech Industrial Development Zone, Guangdong Province

Patentee before: Guangzhou MINO Automotive Equipment Co.,Ltd.

CP03 Change of name, title or address