CN109625313A - A kind of workbench for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection - Google Patents

A kind of workbench for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109625313A
CN109625313A CN201910153609.5A CN201910153609A CN109625313A CN 109625313 A CN109625313 A CN 109625313A CN 201910153609 A CN201910153609 A CN 201910153609A CN 109625313 A CN109625313 A CN 109625313A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
level
platform
driving
bottom plate
gear
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910153609.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林志仙
王绍贺
廖金亮
曹凤莉
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Guangzhou Xinke Aerospace Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangzhou Xinke Aerospace Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Guangzhou Xinke Aerospace Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Guangzhou Xinke Aerospace Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910153609.5A priority Critical patent/CN109625313A/en
Publication of CN109625313A publication Critical patent/CN109625313A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64FGROUND OR AIRCRAFT-CARRIER-DECK INSTALLATIONS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH AIRCRAFT; DESIGNING, MANUFACTURING, ASSEMBLING, CLEANING, MAINTAINING OR REPAIRING AIRCRAFT, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; HANDLING, TRANSPORTING, TESTING OR INSPECTING AIRCRAFT COMPONENTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B64F5/00Designing, manufacturing, assembling, cleaning, maintaining or repairing aircraft, not otherwise provided for; Handling, transporting, testing or inspecting aircraft components, not otherwise provided for
    • B64F5/40Maintaining or repairing aircraft
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64FGROUND OR AIRCRAFT-CARRIER-DECK INSTALLATIONS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH AIRCRAFT; DESIGNING, MANUFACTURING, ASSEMBLING, CLEANING, MAINTAINING OR REPAIRING AIRCRAFT, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; HANDLING, TRANSPORTING, TESTING OR INSPECTING AIRCRAFT COMPONENTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B64F5/00Designing, manufacturing, assembling, cleaning, maintaining or repairing aircraft, not otherwise provided for; Handling, transporting, testing or inspecting aircraft components, not otherwise provided for
    • B64F5/60Testing or inspecting aircraft components or systems

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of workbench for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection, including mobile chassis, elevating mechanism and inspection platform;Elevating mechanism is mounted on the lower section of inspection platform, for carrying out lifting driving to inspection platform;Mobile chassis is mounted on the lower section of elevating mechanism, for carrying out mobile control to elevating mechanism;The spatial digitizer of aircraft wing upper and lower side scanning is respectively used to there are two installing on inspection platform.The workbench of the aircraft wing maintenance and inspection can be realized the steady movement of workbench entirety using mobile chassis, the upper and lower side of aircraft wing can be scanned using two spatial digitizers, consequently facilitating service personnel judges the whether impaired deformation of wing, detection efficiency is improved.

Description

A kind of workbench for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection
Technical field
The invention is related to a kind of overhaul working platform, and especially a kind of work for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection is flat Platform.
Background technique
Platform is lifted currently, existing aircraft inspection platform only uses simple elevating mechanism, then by artificial The part of aircraft is detected on platform, position is relatively fixed in one test.Since the area of aircraft wing is larger, The mode efficiency of this fixed test is lower, and detection requires to will test personnel lifting every time, it is therefore necessary to design one Kind is used for the workbench of aircraft wing maintenance and inspection, can be realized the mobile detection and nobody lifting detection of aircraft wing.
Summary of the invention
Innovation and creation purpose: a kind of workbench for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection is provided, can be realized aircraft wing Mobile detection and unmanned lifting detection.
Technical solution: described in the invention be used for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection workbench, including mobile chassis, Elevating mechanism and inspection platform;Elevating mechanism is mounted on the lower section of inspection platform, for carrying out lifting driving to inspection platform; Mobile chassis is mounted on the lower section of elevating mechanism, for carrying out mobile control to elevating mechanism;Two are equipped on inspection platform A spatial digitizer for being respectively used to the scanning of aircraft wing upper and lower side.
Further, mobile chassis include lower layer's bottom plate, upper layer bottom plate, four electric rollers, turn to driving motor and Turn to synchronization chain;Electric roller is made of roller support, back-up roller wheel and idler wheel driving motor;Back-up roller wheel is rotatably pacified On roller support, idler wheel driving motor is for driving back-up roller wheel to rotate;The roller support of four electric rollers passes through four Root vertical supporting shaft is separately mounted to four vertex in lower layer's baseplate underside face, and the upper end of vertical supporting shaft is rotary It is mounted on lower layer's bottom plate;A steering driving gear is fixedly installed in four vertical supporting shafts;Turn to synchronization chain It is meshed simultaneously with four steering driving gears;Turn to the downside that driving motor is fixedly mounted on lower layer's bottom plate by electric machine support On face, and diversion driving-gear is fixedly installed on the output shaft for turning to driving motor;Diversion driving-gear is synchronous with steering Chain is meshed;Upper layer bottom plate is located above lower layer bottom plate, and be equipped between upper layer bottom plate and lower layer's bottom plate for Layer bottom plate carries out the level(l)ing mechanism of Level tune;Control cabinet is installed in the downside of lower layer's bottom plate;It is set in control cabinet It is equipped with platform controller, memory, walk driving circuit, turns to driving circuit and wireless communication module;Platform controller difference It is electrically connected with memory, walk driving circuit, steering driving circuit, wireless communication module and spatial digitizer;Turn to driving Circuit is electrically connected with driving motor is turned to, and walk driving circuit is electrically connected with idler wheel driving motor;Platform controller passes through steering Driving circuit driving turns to driving motor rotation, controls the rotation of idler wheel driving motor by walk driving circuit.
Further, level(l)ing mechanism includes horizontally-supported seat, support spheric seating, two balance adjustment mechanisms and inclines Angle transducer;Horizontally-supported seat is fixed at the upper side center of lower layer's bottom plate, and on the upper side of horizontally-supported seat Equipped with spherical depression;Supporting spheric seating is the segment less than hemisphere, and the bottom surface of segment is fixed at the downside of upper layer bottom plate At center;In the downside spherical surface locally embedding spherical depression for supporting spheric seating, and the circular recessed region face where spherical depression Product is greater than a semi-area of lower layer's bottom plate;Balance adjustment mechanism includes balance adjustment chain, balance motor, worm screw, worm gear, adjusting Gear and balance chain strainer;Vertical and horizontal are provided with Uncrossed two chain mistakes on horizontally-supported seat Hole;The balance tune that two balance adjustment chains of two balance adjustment mechanisms extend through two chain via holes, and extend transversely through The both ends of pitch chain item are respectively articulated with the left and right side middle position for being mounted on upper layer bottom plate by two hinged seats, longitudinally run through The both ends of balance adjustment chain the front and back side middle position for being mounted on upper layer bottom plate is respectively articulated with by two hinged seats; The balance motor of two balance adjustment mechanisms is respectively and fixedly installed to the left side edge middle position and front side edge of lower layer's bottom plate Edge middle position;Worm screw abutting joint is meshed on the output shaft of balance motor, and with corresponding worm gear;Worm gear and adjusting Gear is fixedly mounted on synchronous rotating shaft, and synchronous rotating shaft is rotatably mounted on rotary shaft rack;Two balance adjustment mechanisms Adjustment gear is meshed with the balance adjustment chain of corresponding position respectively;The balance chain tensioning device of two balance adjustment mechanisms Structure is separately mounted to the right side edge middle position and posterior edges middle position of lower layer's bottom plate, for flat to two respectively Weighing apparatus adjusts chain and is tensioned;Obliquity sensor is mounted on the downside of upper layer bottom plate, and is electrically connected with platform controller;It is flat Platform controller is used to control the water that two balance adjustment mechanisms carry out upper layer bottom plate respectively according to the acquisition data of obliquity sensor Heibei provincial opera section.
Further, balance chain strainer includes shifting slide gear seat, tensioning tension spring and Tension gear;At lower layer bottom The right side edge middle position and posterior edges middle position of plate are equipped with the cunning being located at below balance adjustment chain Move T-slot;Sliding T-shaped block is equipped in the lower section of shifting slide gear seat;Shifting slide gear seat is slidably mounted at cunning by sliding T-shaped block It moves on T-slot;Tension gear is rotatably mounted on shifting slide gear seat, and Tension gear is meshed with balance adjustment chain;? The one end for straining at spring is fixedly mounted on shifting slide gear seat, and the other end is mounted on lower layer's bottom plate by fixed block;It is tensioned tension spring For pulling shifting slide gear seat to slide to the edge of lower layer's bottom plate, make Tension gear that balance adjustment chain be pulled to be tensioned;? Tight gear is identical with adjustment gear size, and the mounting height on lower layer's bottom plate is identical;It is additionally provided with and puts down in control cabinet The longitudinal balance driving circuit of platform controller electrical connection and lateral balance drive circuit;Longitudinal balance driving circuit and laterally balance Driving circuit is electrically connected with the balance motor of two balance adjustment mechanisms respectively;Platform controller passes through longitudinal balance driving circuit Two balance motor rotations are controlled respectively with lateral balance drive circuit.
Further, synchronization chain tensioning mechanism is installed on the downside of lower layer's bottom plate;Synchronization chain tensioning mechanism Including tension pulley block, pulley base, pulley tension spring and tensioning mounting blocks;Tension pulley block is rotatably mounted on pulley base, and Pressing is on turning to synchronization chain;Tensioning mounting blocks are fixedly mounted in the middle part of the downside of lower layer's bottom plate;The two of pulley tension spring End is respectively and fixedly installed on tensioning mounting blocks and pulley base, for pulling tension pulley block to carry out pulling to synchronization chain is turned to Tightly.
Further, elevating mechanism includes that scissors type elevating frame, platform lifting motor, lifting driving screw rod and two are oblique Pull rod;Scissors type elevating frame includes two groups of scissors brackets, upper layer rectangle frame and lower layer's rectangle frame;Scissors bracket is by each scissor Successively hingedly installation is constituted unit, and scissor unit in the middle part of two scissor arms by hingedly constituting;Upper layer rectangle frame is fixedly mounted on inspection On equating platform;Lower layer's rectangle frame is fixedly mounted on the bottom plate of upper layer;Before and after the rectangle frame of upper layer the relative inner of side frame with And the relative inner of the front and back side frame of lower layer's rectangle frame is equipped with guide chute;One group of scissors bracket is mounted vertically in upper layer square Between the front side frame of shape frame and the front side frame of lower layer's rectangle frame, another group of scissors bracket is mounted vertically in upper layer rectangle frame Between rear side frame and the rear side frame of lower layer's rectangle frame;At the scissor arms end of two groups of scissors bracket left side tops and left bottom A yoke articulated shaft is fixedly installed in portion, yoke articulated shaft is rotatably mounted on the front side frame of corresponding position with after On side frame;An idler wheel peace is fixedly installed on the scissor arms end of two groups of scissors bracket right hand tops and bottom right side Axis is filled, guide roller is rotatably installed on rolling wheel installing shaft, guide roller is in the guide chute of corresponding position;It rises Drop driving screw rod is rotatably mounted on the bottom plate of upper layer by screw bracket, and parallel with guide chute;Platform lifting motor It is fixedly mounted on the bottom plate of upper layer, and the output shaft of platform lifting motor is connected to each other with lifting driving screw rod;Spiral shell is driven in lifting Threaded engagement is equipped with drive block on bar;One end of two braces is fixedly connected on drive block, and the other end is fixed respectively It is mounted on two rolling wheel installing shafts of downside;Vertical supporting bar is installed between two rolling wheel installing shafts;In control cabinet It is additionally provided with the lifting driving circuit being electrically connected with platform controller;Lifting driving circuit is electrically connected with platform lifting motor;It is flat Platform controller passes through lifting driving circuit control platform lifting motor rotation.
Further, a protection mechanism is installed on the front side frame of lower layer's rectangle frame;Protection mechanism includes guiding Raised line, bar blocks, hound, upper bar shaped fagging, tripping driving motor, tripping driving screw rod, lower bar shaped fagging, two slidings are driven It moves seat and two is lifted strut;The section for being oriented to raised line is T shape, and is transversely mounted along front side frame;In the upper of guiding raised line Anti-skidding unidirectional teeth are arranged at intervals on side;Guiding T-slot is equipped on the downside of bar blocks, and in guiding T-slot Trench bottom is equipped with internal unidirectional teeth;Bar blocks are buckled on guiding raised line by being oriented to T-slot, and in the upper side of guiding raised line There are teeth Separations between the trench bottom of guiding T-slot;The outer side edges of bar blocks stretch out the front side edge of lower layer's rectangle frame Outer frame;Clump weight and lower hinged seat are provided on the upper side of bar blocks;The lower end of hound is hingedly mounted on lower hinged seat On, the upper end of hound is hingedly mounted in the scissor arms of corresponding position;When the scissor arms that hound is hingedly installed rise, Hound pulls bar blocks to move to left, and anti-skidding unidirectional teeth are opposite with internal unidirectional teeth to be slided;It is cut what hound was hingedly installed When yoke declines, hound pushes bar blocks to move to right, and buckles anti-skidding unidirectional teeth mutually with internal unidirectional teeth;Lower bar shaped support Plate is transversely mounted on the lateral surface of frame, and is horizontally arranged with slider guide slot on the upper side of lower bar shaped fagging;Tripping Driving screw rod is rotatably mounted on the lateral surface of front side frame by screw bracket of threading off;The rotating middle part of tripping driving screw rod Formula is mounted on an intermediate fixed block;Oppositely oriented outer spiral shell is provided on the tripping driving screw rod of intermediate fixed block two sides Line;Two sliding drive seats are slidably mounted on slider guide slot, and are equipped with a drive in two sliding drive seats Dynamic threaded hole;Two sliding drive seats screw the external screw thread for being mounted on intermediate fixed block two sides by respective driving threaded hole On;Tripping driving motor is fixedly mounted on the outside of front side frame, and the output shaft for driving motor of threading off and tripping driving screw rod End be connected to each other;In front side, the outside of frame is equipped with vertical T shape sliding slot, is embedded in the side of upper bar shaped fagging equipped with slidingtype Vertical T-shaped slider in vertical T shape sliding slot;A upper hinged seat is equipped at the downside both ends of upper bar shaped fagging;Two supports The upper end for lifting strut, which is respectively articulated with, to be mounted on two upper hinged seats;Two lower ends for lifting strut, which are respectively articulated with, is mounted on two It slides in drive seat;Upper bar shaped fagging is parallel with guiding raised line;Upper bar shaped fagging lift rising after with bar blocks stretch out lower layer The contact aside of rectangle frame front side edge outer frame, bar blocks, which are lifted, separates internal unidirectional teeth up and down with anti-skidding unidirectional teeth; The tripping driving circuit being electrically connected with platform controller is additionally provided in control cabinet;Tripping driving circuit and tripping driving motor Electrical connection;Platform controller passes through tripping driving circuit control tripping driving motor rotation.
Further, inspection platform includes platform top and the protective fence that platform top edge is arranged in;Protection Column is made of guardrail hinged seat, vertical bar and transverse bar;The edge of platform top, and every a side is arranged in guardrail hinged seat Edge is at least provided with three guardrail hinged seats;Postive stop baffle is vertically provided on the upside of guardrail hinged seat;Under vertical bar End is hingedly mounted on guardrail hinged seat;Magnet is equipped on postive stop baffle, when vertical bar is rocked to vertical position with magnet phase Absorption, and vertical bar is stopped to continue to swing to edge outside;It is fixedly mounted on positioned at the upper end of the vertical bar of same side same On transverse bar;Platform top is fixedly mounted on elevating mechanism.
Further, lifting testing agency is installed in platform top;Going up and down testing agency includes vertical square column, level-one Lifting column, secondary lifting column, level-one lift drive mechanism, secondary lifting driving mechanism and operation table;Level-one lifting driving Mechanism includes level-one lifting driving motor, level-one driving worm screw, level-one driving worm gear and level-one driving gear;Secondary lifting is driven Motivation structure includes secondary lifting driving motor, secondary drive worm screw, secondary drive worm gear and secondary drive gear;Vertical square column Vertical penetration type is mounted in platform top;Installation square hole is vertically provided on vertical square column;Level-one lifting column is inserted into peace It fills in square hole, and can the sliding up and down in installation square hole;Vertical strip groove and second level T shape are equipped in the side of level-one lifting column Slot is provided with level-one drive rack in vertical strip groove;Secondary lifting column is inserted into second level T-slot, and can be along second level T shape Slot slides up and down;It is equipped with second level strip groove in the side of secondary lifting column, and is provided with secondary drive tooth in second level strip groove Item;It is upwardly extended in the upper end of secondary lifting column and is provided with top column;Level-one driving worm screw is pacified by level-one support rotating In platform top;The output shaft of level-one lifting driving motor is connected to each other with level-one driving worm screw;Level-one drives worm gear and one Grade driving gear is fixedly mounted on primary transmission axis;Primary transmission axis is rotatably mounted on vertical square column;Level-one driving Worm screw is meshed with level-one driving worm gear;Level-one driving gear is meshed with level-one drive rack;Secondary drive worm screw passes through two Grade support rotating is mounted on the side of level-one lifting column;The output shaft of secondary lifting driving motor and secondary drive worm screw phase Docking;Secondary drive worm gear and secondary drive gear are fixedly mounted in secondary drive shaft;Secondary drive shaft is rotatably installed On the side of level-one lifting column;Secondary drive worm screw is meshed with secondary drive worm gear;Secondary drive gear and secondary drive Rack gear is meshed;On top, the upper end of column is vertically installed with platen articulated shaft;The downside of operation table is mounted on platen On articulated shaft, and it can be rotated around platen articulated shaft;Platform angle is installed on the column of top and adjusts motor;In platform angle It adjusts and is vertically installed with the first swing arm on the output shaft of motor;The second swing arm is hingedly installed in the end of the first swing arm;Second The upper end of swing arm is hingedly mounted on the side of operation table;Two spatial digitizers are separately mounted to the upper and lower sides of operation table On face;Infrared distance sensor and high-definition camera are additionally provided in the upper and lower side of operation table;In control cabinet also It is provided with level-one lifting driving circuit, secondary lifting driving circuit and angular adjustment driving circuit;Platform controller respectively with Infrared distance sensor, high-definition camera, level-one lifting driving circuit, secondary lifting driving circuit and angular adjustment driving electricity Road electrical connection;Level-one goes up and down driving circuit, secondary lifting driving circuit and angular adjustment driving circuit and goes up and down respectively with level-one Driving motor, secondary lifting driving motor and platform angle adjust motor electrical connection;Platform controller is gone up and down by level-one and is driven Dynamic circuit control level-one lifting driving motor rotation, controls the rotation of secondary lifting driving motor by secondary lifting driving circuit, It is rotated by angular adjustment driving circuit control platform angular adjustment motor.
Further, structure of telescopic ladder is installed between mobile chassis and inspection platform;Structure of telescopic ladder includes upper solid Reservation, lower collecting box and extension ladder main body;The top of extension ladder main body is fixedly mounted on upper fixed seat, and lower part is fixedly mounted In lower collecting box;Upper fixed seat is mounted on the side of inspection platform, and lower collecting box is mounted on the side of mobile chassis.
The invention compared with prior art, the beneficial effect is that: it is whole to can be realized workbench using mobile chassis The steady movement of body can be scanned the upper and lower side of aircraft wing using two spatial digitizers, consequently facilitating maintenance Personnel judge the whether impaired deformation of wing, improve detection efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the front side structure schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is lower layer's baseplate underside face mounting structure schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the upper layer bottom plate upper side mounting structure schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the platform top overlooking structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the structure of telescopic ladder of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the electrical block diagram of the invention.
Specific embodiment
The invention technical solution is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawing, but the protection scope of the invention It is not limited to the embodiment.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in figures 1 to 6, the workbench for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection that the invention provides includes: mobile bottom Disk, elevating mechanism and inspection platform;Elevating mechanism is mounted on the lower section of inspection platform, for carrying out lifting drive to inspection platform It is dynamic;Mobile chassis is mounted on the lower section of elevating mechanism, for carrying out mobile control to elevating mechanism;It is equipped on inspection platform Two are respectively used to the spatial digitizer 63 of aircraft wing upper and lower side scanning.
Further, mobile chassis includes lower layer's bottom plate 1,11, four electric rollers of upper layer bottom plate, turns to driving motor 12 And turn to synchronization chain 9;Electric roller is made of roller support 4, back-up roller wheel 5 and idler wheel driving motor 6;Back-up roller wheel 5 are rotatably mounted on roller support 4, and idler wheel driving motor 6 is for driving back-up roller wheel 5 to rotate;The rolling of four electric rollers Wheeling support 4 is separately mounted to four vertex of 1 downside of lower layer's bottom plate, and vertical supporting by four vertical supporting shafts 3 The upper end of shaft 3 is rotatably mounted on lower layer's bottom plate 1;A steering is fixedly installed in four vertical supporting shafts 3 to drive Moving gear 8;Synchronization chain 9 is turned to be meshed with four steering driving gears 8 simultaneously;It turns to driving motor 12 and passes through electric machine support 13 are fixedly mounted on the downside of lower layer's bottom plate 1, and steering master is fixedly installed on the output shaft for turning to driving motor 12 Moving gear 14;Diversion driving-gear 14 is meshed with synchronization chain 9 is turned to;Upper layer bottom plate 11 is located above lower layer's bottom plate 1, and Level(l)ing mechanism for carrying out Level tune to upper layer bottom plate 11 is installed between upper layer bottom plate 11 and lower layer's bottom plate 1;? The downside of lower layer's bottom plate 1 is equipped with control cabinet 7;Platform controller, memory, hoofing part electricity are provided in control cabinet 7 Road turns to driving circuit and wireless communication module;Platform controller is electric with memory, walk driving circuit, steering driving respectively Road, wireless communication module and spatial digitizer 63 are electrically connected;It turns to driving circuit and is electrically connected with driving motor 12 is turned to, walked Driving circuit is electrically connected with idler wheel driving motor 6;Platform controller turns to the rotation of driving motor 12 by turning to driving circuit driving Turn, idler wheel driving motor 6 is controlled by walk driving circuit and is rotated.Four steerings are driven simultaneously using synchronization chain 9 is turned to The synchronous driving of gear 8, to realize that the omnidirectional of mobile chassis steadily moves, enables workbench to be quickly and accurately moved to Designated position.
Further, level(l)ing mechanism include horizontally-supported seat 2, support 10, two balance adjustment mechanisms of spheric seating with And obliquity sensor 24;Horizontally-supported seat 2 is fixed at the upper side center of lower layer's bottom plate 1, and in horizontally-supported seat 2 Upper side is equipped with spherical depression;Supporting spheric seating 10 is the segment less than hemisphere, and the bottom surface of segment is fixed at upper layer bottom At the downside center of plate 11;In the downside spherical surface locally embedding spherical depression for supporting spheric seating 10, and where spherical depression Circular recessed region area is greater than a semi-area of lower layer's bottom plate 1;Balance adjustment mechanism includes balance adjustment chain 16, balance electricity Machine 22, worm screw 21, worm gear 20, adjustment gear 19 and balance chain strainer;It is in vertical and horizontal on horizontally-supported seat 2 It is provided with Uncrossed two chain via holes 15;Two balance adjustment chains 16 of two balance adjustment mechanisms extend through two Chain via hole 15, and the both ends of the balance adjustment chain 16 extended transversely through are respectively articulated with by two hinged seats 17 and are mounted on upper layer Distinguished by two hinged seats 17 at the both ends of the left and right side middle position of bottom plate 11, longitudinal perforative balance adjustment chain 16 It is hingedly mounted on the front and back side middle position of upper layer bottom plate 11;The balance motor 22 of two balance adjustment mechanisms is fixed respectively It is mounted on the left side edge middle position and forward edge middle position of lower layer's bottom plate 1;21 abutting joint of worm screw is balancing On the output shaft of motor 22, and it is meshed with corresponding worm gear 20;Worm gear 20 is fixedly mounted on synchronous turn with adjustment gear 19 On axis, synchronous rotating shaft is rotatably mounted on rotary shaft rack 18;The adjustment gear 19 of two balance adjustment mechanisms respectively with it is corresponding Balance adjustment chain 16 at position is meshed;The balance chain strainer of two balance adjustment mechanisms is separately mounted to lower layer The right side edge middle position and posterior edges middle position of bottom plate 1, for respectively to two balance adjustment chains 16 into Row tensioning;Obliquity sensor 24 is mounted on the downside of upper layer bottom plate 11, and is electrically connected with platform controller;Platform controller The horizontal tune that two balance adjustment mechanisms carry out upper layer bottom plate 11 is controlled respectively for the acquisition data according to obliquity sensor 24 Section.The levelness of upper layer bottom plate 11 can be adjusted using level(l)ing mechanism, so that it is guaranteed that elevating mechanism and maintenance are flat The stability of platform avoids shaking in use and topple over, at the same can also enhance service personnel inspection platform work when Safety;Using the cooperation of worm screw 21 and worm gear 20, there can be preferable latch functions, prevent from being driven in the reverse direction balance motor 22, it is ensured that the stability after Level tune;Using the cooperation of horizontally-supported seat 2 and support spheric seating 10, there is preferable support Effect, and Level tune that can conveniently axially and longitudinally;Set big for the circular recessed region area where spherical depression In a semi-area of lower layer's bottom plate 1, it can be ensured that there is biggish bearing area, to carry biggish weight, and can be There is preferable stability when Level tune.
Further, balance chain strainer includes shifting slide gear seat 27, tensioning tension spring 28 and Tension gear 29;? The right side edge middle position and posterior edges middle position of lower layer's bottom plate 1 are equipped with one and are located at balance adjustment chain 16 The sliding T-slot of lower section;Sliding T-shaped block is equipped in the lower section of shifting slide gear seat 27;Shifting slide gear seat 27 is sliding by sliding T-shaped block Dynamic formula is mounted on sliding T-slot;Tension gear 29 is rotatably mounted on shifting slide gear seat 27, and Tension gear 29 and balance Chain 16 is adjusted to be meshed;One end of tensioning tension spring 28 is fixedly mounted on shifting slide gear seat 27, and the other end is pacified by fixed block On lower layer's bottom plate 1;Tensioning tension spring 28 makes to be tensioned tooth for pulling shifting slide gear seat 27 to slide to the edge of lower layer's bottom plate 1 29 pulling balance adjustment chain 16 of wheel is tensioned;Tension gear 29 is identical with 19 size of adjustment gear, and on lower layer's bottom plate 1 Mounting height it is identical;The longitudinal balance driving circuit being electrically connected with platform controller and transverse direction are additionally provided in control cabinet 7 Balance drive circuit;Longitudinal balance driving circuit and lateral balance drive circuit are electric with the balance of two balance adjustment mechanisms respectively Machine 22 is electrically connected;Platform controller controls two balance electricity by longitudinal balance driving circuit and lateral balance drive circuit respectively Machine 22 rotates.It can prevent balance adjustment chain 16 from jumping tooth with the appearance of engaging of adjustment gear 19 using balance chain strainer It skids;Using the cooperation of sliding T-shaped block and sliding T-slot on shifting slide gear seat 27, so that shifting slide gear seat 27 can only translate, Ensure balance adjustment chain 16 and 1 keeping parallelism of lower layer's bottom plate, thus will not be with the 15 phase friction of chain via hole.
Further, synchronization chain tensioning mechanism is installed on the downside of lower layer's bottom plate 1;Synchronization chain tensioning mechanism Including tension pulley block 74, pulley base 73, pulley tension spring 72 and tensioning mounting blocks 71;Tension pulley block 74 is rotatably mounted on cunning On wheel seat 73, and press on turning to synchronization chain 9;Tensioning mounting blocks 71 are fixedly mounted in the middle part of the downside of lower layer's bottom plate 1; The both ends of pulley tension spring 72 are respectively and fixedly installed on tensioning mounting blocks 71 and pulley base 73, for pulling tension pulley block 74 right It turns to synchronization chain 9 and carries out pulling tensioning.It enables to turn to synchronization chain 9 and be in always to open using synchronization chain tensioning mechanism Tight state prevents steering synchronization chain 9 from jumping tooth skidding with the appearance of engaging for turning to driving gear 8, diversion driving-gear 14.
Further, elevating mechanism includes scissors type elevating frame, platform lifting motor 26, lifting driving screw rod 75 and two Root brace 77;Scissors type elevating frame includes two groups of scissors brackets, upper layer rectangle frame 48 and lower layer's rectangle frame 23;Scissors bracket By each scissor unit, successively hingedly installation is constituted, and scissor unit is hingedly made of two 54 middle parts of scissor arms;Upper layer rectangle frame 48 are fixedly mounted on inspection platform;Lower layer's rectangle frame 23 is fixedly mounted on upper layer bottom plate 11;Before upper layer rectangle frame 48 The relative inner of the front and back side frame of the relative inner and lower layer's rectangle frame 23 of rear side frame is equipped with guide chute;One group is cut Fork bracket is mounted vertically between the front side frame of upper layer rectangle frame 48 and the front side frame of lower layer's rectangle frame 23, another group of scissor Bracket is mounted vertically between the rear side frame of upper layer rectangle frame 48 and the rear side frame of lower layer's rectangle frame 23;In two groups of scissor branch A yoke articulated shaft 79, yoke articulated shaft 79 are fixedly installed on 54 end of scissor arms of frame left side top and left bottom It is rotatably mounted on the front side frame and rear side frame of corresponding position;In two groups of scissors bracket right hand tops and bottom right side 54 end of scissor arms on be fixedly installed with a rolling wheel installing shaft 78, guiding is rotatably installed on rolling wheel installing shaft 78 Idler wheel, guide roller is in the guide chute of corresponding position;Lifting driving screw rod 75 is rotatably pacified by screw bracket 25 On upper layer bottom plate 11, and it is parallel with guide chute;Platform lifting motor 26 is fixedly mounted on upper layer bottom plate 11, and flat The output shaft of platform lifting motor 26 is connected to each other with lifting driving screw rod 75;Threaded engagement is equipped with drive on lifting driving screw rod 75 Motion block;One end of two braces 77 is fixedly connected on drive block, and the other end is respectively and fixedly installed to two rollings of downside It takes turns in installation axle 78;Vertical supporting bar 76 is installed between two rolling wheel installing shafts 78;It is additionally provided with and puts down in control cabinet 7 The lifting driving circuit of platform controller electrical connection;Lifting driving circuit is electrically connected with platform lifting motor 26;Platform controller is logical Cross the rotation of lifting driving circuit control platform lifting motor 26.It can be prevented using vertical supporting bar 76 in two braces 77 Guide roller is detached from guide chute under pulling function;Elevating mechanism using platform lifting motor 26 in use due to being carried out Lifting driving has lesser system bulk, save the cost compared to hydraulic cylinder, and the precision gone up and down is higher, but long-term There can be the problems such as vertical supporting bar 76 deforms, brace 77 deforms, thread pitch becomes larger or even stripped thread after use, therefore having must Design protection mechanism.
Further, a protection mechanism is installed on the front side frame of lower layer's rectangle frame 23;Protection mechanism includes leading To raised line 33, bar blocks 35, hound 42, upper bar shaped fagging 37, tripping driving motor 47, tripping driving screw rod 46, lower bar shaped Fagging, two sliding drive seats 41 and two lift strut 45;The section for being oriented to raised line 33 is T shape, and along front side frame cross To installation;Anti-skidding unidirectional teeth 34 are arranged at intervals on the upper side of guiding raised line 33;It is set on the downside of bar blocks 35 There is guiding T-slot, and is equipped with internal unidirectional teeth in the trench bottom of guiding T-slot;Bar blocks 35 are buckled in by guiding T-slot and are led There are teeth Separations on raised line 33, and between the upper side of guiding raised line 33 and the trench bottom for being oriented to T-slot;Bar shaped The outer side edges of block 35 stretch out the front side edge outer frame of lower layer's rectangle frame 23;39 He of clump weight is provided on the upper side of bar blocks 35 Lower hinged seat 40;The lower end of hound 42 is hingedly mounted on lower hinged seat 40, and the upper end of hound 42 is hingedly mounted on correspondence In scissor arms 54 at position;When the scissor arms 54 that hound 42 is hingedly installed rise, hound 42 pulls bar blocks 35 left It moves, anti-skidding unidirectional teeth 34 are opposite with internal unidirectional teeth to be slided;When the scissor arms 54 that hound 42 is hingedly installed decline, tiltedly Strut 42 pushes bar blocks 35 to move to right, and buckles anti-skidding unidirectional teeth 34 mutually with internal unidirectional teeth;Lower bar shaped fagging is lateral It is mounted on the lateral surface of frame, and is horizontally arranged with slider guide slot on the upper side of lower bar shaped fagging;Tripping driving spiral shell Bar 46 is rotatably mounted on the lateral surface of front side frame by screw bracket of threading off;The rotating middle part formula of tripping driving screw rod 46 It is mounted on an intermediate fixed block 38;It is provided on the tripping driving screw rod 46 of intermediate 38 two sides of fixed block oppositely oriented External screw thread 44;Two sliding drive seats 41 are slidably mounted on slider guide slot, and in two sliding drive seats 41 Equipped with a driving threaded hole;Two sliding drive seats 41 are screwed by respective driving threaded hole and are mounted on intermediate fixed block 38 On the external screw thread 44 of two sides;Tripping driving motor 47 is fixedly mounted on the outside of front side frame, and the defeated of driving motor 47 of threading off The end of shaft and tripping driving screw rod 46 is connected to each other;In front side, the outside of frame is equipped with vertical T shape sliding slot 36, supports in upper bar shaped The side of plate 37 is equipped with slidingtype and is embedded in the vertical T-shaped slider in vertical T shape sliding slot 36;In the downside two of upper bar shaped fagging 37 End is equipped with a upper hinged seat 43;Two upper ends for lifting strut 45, which are respectively articulated with, to be mounted on two upper hinged seats 43;Two The lower end that root lifts strut 45, which is respectively articulated with, to be mounted in two sliding drive seats 41;Upper bar shaped fagging 37 and guiding 33 phase of raised line In parallel;Upper bar shaped fagging 37 lift rise after with bar blocks 35 stretch out 23 front side edge outer frame of lower layer's rectangle frame contact aside, will Bar blocks 35, which are lifted, separates internal unidirectional teeth with anti-skidding unidirectional about 34 teeth;It is additionally provided in control cabinet 7 and platform The tripping driving circuit of controller electrical connection;Tripping driving circuit is electrically connected with tripping driving motor 47;Platform controller passes through Driving circuit control tripping driving motor 47 of threading off rotates.It can be located in platform top 49 in service personnel using protection mechanism Effective protection is carried out when work, is prevented elevating mechanism from breaking down quickly and is dropped, it is ensured that personnel safety;It can using clump weight 39 The gravity for increasing bar blocks 35 hurtles down after the release of upper bar shaped fagging 37, makes internal unidirectional teeth and anti-skidding unidirectional teeth 34 phases buckle;Utilize the cooperation of slider guide slot and sliding drive seat 41, it can be ensured that sliding 41 smooth sliding of drive seat, it will not Appearance rotates or the problem of skew;Utilize the cooperation of vertical T shape sliding slot 36 and vertical T-shaped slider, it can be ensured that upper bar shaped fagging 37 stationarities moved up and down.
Further, inspection platform includes platform top 49 and the protective fence that 49 edge of platform top is arranged in; Protective fence is made of guardrail hinged seat 50, vertical bar 52 and transverse bar 53;Platform top 49 is arranged in guardrail hinged seat 50 Edge, and every one side edge is at least provided with three guardrail hinged seats 50;It is vertically provided in the upside of guardrail hinged seat 50 Postive stop baffle;The lower end of vertical bar 52 is hingedly mounted on guardrail hinged seat 50;Magnet 51, vertical bar are equipped on postive stop baffle 52 adsorb when being rocked to vertical position with 51 phase of magnet, and vertical bar 52 is stopped to continue to swing to edge outside;Positioned at the same side The upper end of the vertical bar 52 on side is fixedly mounted on same transverse bar 53;Platform top 49 is fixedly mounted on elevating mechanism.Benefit The safety of service personnel can be protected with protective fence;It can be switched to convenient for protective fence by folded state using magnet 51 Fixation when vertical state enhances the convenience that protective fence uses.
Further, lifting testing agency is installed in platform top 49;Lifting testing agency include vertical square column 55, Level-one lifting column 56, secondary lifting column 58, level-one lift drive mechanism, secondary lifting driving mechanism and operation table 60;One Grade lift drive mechanism includes that level-one lifting driving motor 69, level-one driving worm screw 70, level-one driving worm gear 68 and level-one are driven Moving gear 67;Secondary lifting driving mechanism includes secondary lifting driving motor, secondary drive worm screw, secondary drive worm gear and two Grade driving gear;The vertical vertical penetration type of square column 55 is mounted in platform top 49;Peace is vertically provided on vertical square column 55 Fill square hole;Level-one lifting column 56 is inserted into installation square hole, and can the sliding up and down in installation square hole;In level-one lifting column 56 Side is equipped with vertical strip groove and second level T-slot, and level-one drive rack 57 is provided in vertical strip groove;Secondary lifting column 58 It is inserted into second level T-slot, and can be slided up and down along second level T-slot;It is equipped with second level strip groove in the side of secondary lifting column 58, And secondary drive rack gear is provided in second level strip groove;It is upwardly extended in the upper end of secondary lifting column 58 and is provided with top column 59;Level-one driving worm screw 70 is mounted in platform top 49 by level-one support rotating;Level-one goes up and down the defeated of driving motor 69 Shaft is connected to each other with level-one driving worm screw 70;Level-one driving worm gear 68 and level-one driving gear 67 are fixedly mounted on primary transmission On axis;Primary transmission axis is rotatably mounted on vertical square column 55;Level-one drives worm screw 70 to be meshed with level-one driving worm gear 68; Level-one driving gear 67 is meshed with level-one drive rack 57;Secondary drive worm screw is rotatably mounted on level-one by secondary stent On the side of lifting column 56;The output shaft of secondary lifting driving motor is connected to each other with secondary drive worm screw;Secondary drive worm gear and Secondary drive gear is fixedly mounted in secondary drive shaft;Secondary drive shaft is rotatably mounted on the side of level-one lifting column 56 On;Secondary drive worm screw is meshed with secondary drive worm gear;Secondary drive gear is meshed with secondary drive rack gear;It is vertical on top The upper end of column 59 is vertically installed with platen articulated shaft;The downside of operation table 60 is mounted on platen articulated shaft, and can be enclosed It is rotated around platen articulated shaft;Platform angle is installed on top column 59 and adjusts motor 64;Motor 64 is adjusted in platform angle Output shaft on be vertically installed with the first swing arm 65;Second swing arm 66 is hingedly installed in the end of the first swing arm 65;Second pendulum The upper end of arm 66 is hingedly mounted on the side of operation table 60;Two spatial digitizers 63 are separately mounted to operation table 60 In upper and lower side;Infrared distance sensor 62 and high-definition camera 61 are additionally provided in the upper and lower side of operation table 60; Level-one lifting driving circuit, secondary lifting driving circuit and angular adjustment driving circuit are additionally provided in control cabinet 7;Platform Controller respectively with infrared distance sensor 62, high-definition camera 61, level-one lifting driving circuit, secondary lifting driving circuit with And angular adjustment driving circuit electrical connection;Level-one goes up and down driving circuit, secondary lifting driving circuit and angular adjustment driving electricity Road adjusts motor with level-one lifting driving motor 69, secondary lifting driving motor and platform angle respectively and is electrically connected;Platform control Device processed goes up and down driving circuit by level-one and controls the level-one lifting rotation of driving motor 69, passes through secondary lifting driving circuit control two Grade lifting driving motor rotation, is rotated by angular adjustment driving circuit control platform angular adjustment motor.It is gone up and down using level-one Column 56 and secondary lifting column 58 can have preferable 60 range of operation table to control, and meet the wing detection of various models It needs;Utilize the cooperation of level-one driving worm screw 70 and level-one driving worm gear 68 and secondary drive worm screw and secondary drive worm gear Cooperation can have preferable transmission effect, while can also prevent from being driven in the reverse direction motor, have preferable lifting stability;Benefit Motor 64, the first swing arm 65 and the second swing arm 66 is adjusted with platform angle to control the inclination angle of operation table 60, it is ensured that There are preferable relative efficacy in infrared distance sensor 62, high-definition camera 61 and spatial digitizer 63 and wing side.
Further, structure of telescopic ladder is installed between mobile chassis and inspection platform;Structure of telescopic ladder includes upper solid Reservation 32, lower collecting box 30 and extension ladder main body;The top of extension ladder main body is fixedly mounted on upper fixed seat 32, and lower part is solid Dingan County is in lower collecting box 30;Upper fixed seat 32 is mounted on the side of inspection platform, and lower collecting box 30 is mounted on mobile bottom On the side of disk;Extension ladder main body is successively linked by each terraced body unit and is constituted;Terraced body unit is by two side bars 31 and one Cross bar 80 is constituted;Cross bar 80 is fixed between two side bars 31;Limit strip-shaped hole is equipped on the outer wall of side bar 31 81;Two side bars 31 of upper one terraced body unit are inserted into lower a side bar 31, and are equipped in insertion end and are embedded in positive stop strip Pillar 82 in shape hole 81.Using structure of telescopic ladder can easy access personnel climb at any time, to the local location of wing Carry out artificial accurate detection and maintenance.
In the workbench for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection that the invention provides, idler wheel driving motor 6 is turned to and is driven Dynamic motor 12, balance motor 22, platform lifting motor 26, tripping driving motor 47, level-one go up and down driving motor 69, secondary lifting Driving motor and platform angle adjust motor 64 and are all made of the existing stepper motor with band-type brake function, can be respective Motor-drive circuit control is lower to realize rotation control;Walk driving circuit turns to driving circuit, longitudinal balance driving circuit, cross To balance drive circuit, lifting driving circuit, tripping driving circuit, level-one lifting driving circuit, secondary lifting driving circuit with And angular adjustment driving circuit is all made of existing stepper motor driving circuit, can be realized the rotation of the motor of corresponding electrical connection Control;Wireless communication module uses existing wireless module, such as WiFi wireless module or ZigBee wireless module, can It is carried out wireless communication with host computer computer, the three-dimensional data of the image of shooting and scanning is sent to host computer computer, convenient for inspection It repairs personnel and checks the image of shooting and the three-dimensional data of scanning on host computer computer, and by host computer computer to spatial digitizer The further analytical calculations of three-dimensional data of 63 acquisitions, are compared with the three-dimensional data of standard, accurately to judge that aircraft wing is It is no that deformation occurs;Infrared distance sensor 62 to operation table 60 and can be flown using existing conventional distance measuring sensor The spacing of machine wing is detected, and on the one hand prevents from colliding, and is on the other hand passed convenient for control high-definition camera 61 and infrared distance measurement The detection spacing of sensor 62, to control the precision of Image Acquisition and scanning;High-definition camera 61 uses industry camera, It can satisfy the acquisition of plane wing surfaces image, easy access personnel check;Platform controller using arm single-chip microcontroller or FPGA can carry out transmitting-receiving control to acquisition signal and control command;Obliquity sensor 24 is sensed using existing two axial rake Device can detect the tilt angle of upper layer bottom plate 11;Spatial digitizer 63 is swept using existing laser type three-dimensional Retouch instrument, such as large scene three-dimensional laser scanner FARO FocusS350 etc., can upper and lower side to aircraft wing into Row 3-D scanning obtains the three-dimensional data of aircraft wing upper and lower side, threedimensional model can be established by host computer computer, involved And software be the included existing software program of spatial digitizer itself.
When carrying out field control to workbench, catv terminal or wireless terminal can be used;On catv terminal It is provided with platform display screen, the left-hand rotation control button, right-hand rotation control button, travelling control for passing through cable connection with platform controller Key, control button of threading off release the control key, rise control button, decline control button, level-one rising control button, one Grade decline control button, second level rise control button, second level decline control button, left swing control button and the control of right pendulum and press Key;Be provided on a wireless terminal terminal handler and the terminal memory being electrically connected with terminal handler, terminal display screen, Terminal wireless communication module, right-hand rotation control button, travelling control key, tripping control button, releases the control left-hand rotation control button Key rises control button, decline control button, level-one rising control button, level-one decline control button, second level rising control Key, second level decline control button, left swing control button, right pendulum control button, data-interface.Terminal wireless communication module and work Make platform wireless communication module wireless communication connection, be used for transmission by the distance of key control signal, the image of shooting, measurement with And the three-dimensional data of scanning;Terminal memory is for storing received image and three-dimensional data.Left-hand rotation control button and control of turning right Key processed turns to the positive and negative rotation of driving motor 12 for control respectively;Travelling control key is for controlling idler wheel driving motor 6 Start and stop;Control button of threading off is used for control tripping 47 positive and negative rotation of driving motor respectively, and above item when rotating forward with key is released the control Bar blocks 35 are held in the rising of shape fagging 37, and when reversion, the upper decline of bar shaped fagging 37 release 35 gravity of bar blocks fell;Rise Control button and decline control button are used for 26 positive and negative rotation of control platform lifting motor;Level-one rises control button and level-one decline Control button is for controlling level-one lifting 69 positive and negative rotation of driving motor;Second level rises control button and second level decline control button is used In control secondary lifting driving motor positive and negative rotation;Left swing control button and right pendulum control button are for control platform angular adjustment electricity 64 positive and negative rotation of machine;Terminal display screen is used to show what the image that high-definition camera 61 is shot and infrared distance sensor 62 measured Range data;Three dimensions that data-interface can acquire convenient for the spatial digitizer 63 in host computer computer reading terminals memory According to be compared by the further analytical calculation of host computer computer with the three-dimensional data of standard, accurately to judge aircraft wing Whether deformation occurs.
The workbench for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection that the invention provides includes the following steps: at work
Platform displacement step: four rolling driving motor 6 is controlled by platform controller, to realize mobile chassis Movement, driven in moving process by turning to 12 pairs of steerings synchronization chains 9 of driving motor, so that four electric rollers have There is identical steering, reach preferable omnidirectional's panning effect, to fast move to designated position;
Level regulating step: analysis is carried out according to the inclination data that obliquity sensor 24 uses by platform controller and obtains cross Make to component and vertical adjustment component is adjusted to carry out rotation control to two horizontal and vertical balance motors 22 respectively Upper layer bottom plate 11 is obtained to be in a horizontal state;
Elevating control step: lifting driving screw rod 75 is driven to rotate by platform lifting motor 26, to drive scissor-type liter Frame deformation is dropped, 49 elevating movement of platform top is lifted, in unmanned detection work, protective fence is in folded state;
Lifting protection step: platform lifting motor 26 work so that platform top 49 be initially located in ascending motion state and Before descending motion state, needs to control tripping driving motor 47 and rotate forward work, bar shaped fagging 37 lifts bar blocks 35 in driving, makes It obtains internal unidirectional teeth to separate with anti-skidding unidirectional about 34 teeth, in the lifting of hoistable platform top plate 49 to specified altitude assignment, need Control tripping driving motor 47 inverts work, the decline of bar shaped fagging 37 release bar blocks 35 in driving, so that internal unidirectional teeth It is meshed with anti-skidding unidirectional teeth 34, realizes buckle protection;
Wing detecting step: driving motor 69 is gone up and down by level-one and secondary lifting driving motor adjusts 56 He of level-one lifting column The adjustable height of secondary lifting column 58, when detecting to wing downside, operation table 60 is located at below wing, in utilization High-definition camera 61, infrared distance sensor 62 and the spatial digitizer 63 of side are detected, while mobile chassis is along wing Direction of extension slowly moves, and level(l)ing mechanism carries out real-time Level tune, is finally completed the detection of wing downside;Right When wing upper side is detected, operation table 60 is located above wing, is passed using the high-definition camera 61 of lower section, infrared distance measurement Sensor 62 and spatial digitizer 63 are detected, while mobile chassis is slowly moved along wing direction of extension, Level tune machine Structure carries out real-time Level tune, is finally completed the detection of wing upper side;When encountering the bending of wing end, by platform angle Adjusting motor 64 drives the inclination of operation table 60 parallel with bending end, convenient for accurate detection;
Artificial maintenance step: service personnel can follow 49 1 lifting of platform top to designated position, can also be in platform Top plate 49 is climbed by structure of telescopic ladder to platform top 49 after going up and down, and needs to open protective fence in vertical shape at this time State is convenient for protecting to surrounding;Service personnel can carry out carrying out flaw detection by internal structure of the supersonic detector to wing, Operation table 60 becomes the workbench of service personnel at this time, for placing detection equipment and tool.
As described above, although the invention has been indicated and described referring to specific preferred embodiment, it must not It is construed to the limitation to the invention itself.In the spirit and scope for not departing from the invention that appended claims define Under the premise of, it can various changes can be made in the form and details to it.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of workbench for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection, it is characterised in that: including mobile chassis, elevating mechanism and Inspection platform;Elevating mechanism is mounted on the lower section of inspection platform, for carrying out lifting driving to inspection platform;Mobile chassis installation In the lower section of elevating mechanism, for carrying out mobile control to elevating mechanism;There are two be respectively used to fly for installation on inspection platform The spatial digitizer (63) of machine wing upper and lower side scanning.
2. the workbench according to claim 1 for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection, it is characterised in that: mobile chassis packet Lower layer's bottom plate (1) is included, upper layer bottom plate (11), four electric rollers, driving motor (12) is turned to and turns to synchronization chain (9); Electric roller is made of roller support (4), back-up roller wheel (5) and idler wheel driving motor (6);Back-up roller wheel (5) is rotatably pacified On roller support (4), idler wheel driving motor (6) is for driving back-up roller wheel (5) to rotate;The idler wheel branch of four electric rollers Seat (4) is separately mounted to four vertex of lower layer's bottom plate (1) downside, and vertical branch by four vertical supporting shafts (3) The upper end of support shaft (3) is rotatably mounted on lower layer's bottom plate (1);One is fixedly installed in four vertical supporting shafts (3) A steering drives gear (8);Synchronization chain (9) are turned to be meshed with four steering drivings gear (8) simultaneously;Turn to driving motor (12) it is fixedly mounted on the downside of lower layer's bottom plate (1) by electric machine support (13), and is turning to the defeated of driving motor (12) Diversion driving-gear (14) are fixedly installed on shaft;Diversion driving-gear (14) is meshed with synchronization chain (9) are turned to;Upper layer Bottom plate (11) is located above lower layer's bottom plate (1), and is equipped between upper layer bottom plate (11) and lower layer's bottom plate (1) for upper layer The level(l)ing mechanism of bottom plate (11) progress Level tune;Control cabinet (7) are installed in the downside of lower layer's bottom plate (1);It is controlling It is provided with platform controller in case (7) processed, memory, walk driving circuit, turns to driving circuit and wireless communication module;Platform Controller is electric with memory, walk driving circuit, steering driving circuit, wireless communication module and spatial digitizer (63) respectively Connection;It turns to driving circuit and is electrically connected with driving motor (12) are turned to, walk driving circuit is electrically connected with idler wheel driving motor (6) It connects;Platform controller turns to driving motor (12) rotation by turning to driving circuit driving, is controlled and is rolled by walk driving circuit Wheel drive motor (6) rotation.
3. the workbench according to claim 2 for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection, it is characterised in that: Level tune machine Structure includes horizontally-supported seat (2), support spheric seating (10), two balance adjustment mechanisms and obliquity sensor (24);Level branch Support seat (2) is fixed at the upper side center of lower layer's bottom plate (1), and ball is equipped on the upper side of horizontally-supported seat (2) Face recess;Supporting spheric seating (10) is the segment less than hemisphere, and the bottom surface of segment is fixed at the downside of upper layer bottom plate (11) At the center of face;In the downside spherical surface locally embedding spherical depression for supporting spheric seating (10), and the circular recess where spherical depression Region area is greater than a semi-area of lower layer's bottom plate (1);Balance adjustment mechanism includes balance adjustment chain (16), balance motor (22), worm screw (21), worm gear (20), adjustment gear (19) and balance chain strainer;In vertical on horizontally-supported seat (2) To be horizontally arranged with Uncrossed two chain via holes (15);Two balance adjustment chains (16) of two balance adjustment mechanisms The both ends for the balance adjustment chain (16) for extending through two chain via holes (15), and extending transversely through pass through two hinged seats (17) It is respectively articulated with the left and right side middle position for being mounted on upper layer bottom plate (11), the two of longitudinal perforative balance adjustment chain (16) End is respectively articulated with the front and back side middle position for being mounted on upper layer bottom plate (11) by two hinged seats (17);Two balances are adjusted The balance motor (22) of section mechanism is respectively and fixedly installed in the left side edge middle position and forward edge of lower layer's bottom plate (1) Between at position;Worm screw (21) abutting joint is meshed on the output shaft of balance motor (22), and with corresponding worm gear (20);Snail Wheel (20) and adjustment gear (19) are fixedly mounted on synchronous rotating shaft, and synchronous rotating shaft is rotatably mounted on rotary shaft rack (18) On;The adjustment gear (19) of two balance adjustment mechanisms is meshed with the balance adjustment chain (16) of corresponding position respectively;Two The balance chain strainer of a balance adjustment mechanism is separately mounted to the right side edge middle position of lower layer's bottom plate (1) with after Side edge middle position, for being tensioned respectively to two balance adjustment chains (16);Obliquity sensor (24) is mounted on On the downside of upper layer bottom plate (11), and it is electrically connected with platform controller;Platform controller is used for according to obliquity sensor (24) Acquisition data control the Level tune that two balance adjustment mechanisms carry out upper layer bottom plate (11) respectively.
4. the workbench according to claim 3 for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection, it is characterised in that: balance chain Tight mechanism includes shifting slide gear seat (27), tensioning tension spring (28) and Tension gear (29);Right side edge in lower layer's bottom plate (1) Middle position and posterior edges middle position are equipped with the sliding T-slot being located at below balance adjustment chain (16); Sliding T-shaped block is equipped in the lower section of shifting slide gear seat (27);Shifting slide gear seat (27) is slidably mounted at cunning by sliding T-shaped block It moves on T-slot;Tension gear (29) is rotatably mounted on shifting slide gear seat (27), and Tension gear (29) and balance adjustment chain Item (16) is meshed;One end of tensioning tension spring (28) is fixedly mounted on shifting slide gear seat (27), and the other end is pacified by fixed block On lower layer's bottom plate (1);Tensioning tension spring (28) is used to that shifting slide gear seat (27) to be pulled to slide to the edge of lower layer's bottom plate (1), Make Tension gear (29) that balance adjustment chain (16) to be pulled to be tensioned;Tension gear (29) and adjustment gear (19) size phase Together, the mounting height and on lower layer's bottom plate (1) is identical;It is additionally provided in control cabinet (7) and to be electrically connected with platform controller Longitudinal balance driving circuit and lateral balance drive circuit;Longitudinal balance driving circuit and lateral balance drive circuit are respectively with two The balance motor (22) of a balance adjustment mechanism is electrically connected;Platform controller by longitudinal balance driving circuit and laterally, drive by balance Dynamic circuit controls two balance motor (22) rotations respectively.
5. the workbench according to claim 2 for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection, it is characterised in that: in lower layer's bottom plate (1) synchronization chain tensioning mechanism is installed on downside;Synchronization chain tensioning mechanism includes tension pulley block (74), pulley base (73), pulley tension spring (72) and tensioning mounting blocks (71);Tension pulley block (74) is rotatably mounted on pulley base (73), and Pressing is on turning to synchronization chain (9);Tensioning mounting blocks (71) is fixedly mounted in the middle part of the downside of lower layer's bottom plate (1);Pulley The both ends of tension spring (72) are respectively and fixedly installed on tensioning mounting blocks (71) and pulley base (73), for pulling tension pulley block (74) pulling tensioning is carried out to steering synchronization chain (9).
6. the workbench according to claim 2 for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection, it is characterised in that: elevating mechanism packet Include scissors type elevating frame, platform lifting motor (26), lifting driving screw rod (75) and two braces (77);Scissors type elevating Frame includes two groups of scissors brackets, upper layer rectangle frame (48) and lower layer's rectangle frame (23);Scissors bracket by each scissor unit according to Secondary hinged installation is constituted, and scissor unit in the middle part of two scissor arms (54) by hingedly constituting;Upper layer rectangle frame (48) is fixedly mounted on On inspection platform;Lower layer's rectangle frame (23) is fixedly mounted on upper layer bottom plate (11);The side before and after upper layer rectangle frame (48) The relative inner of the front and back side frame of the relative inner and lower layer's rectangle frame (23) of frame is equipped with guide chute;One group of scissor branch Frame is mounted vertically between the front side frame of upper layer rectangle frame (48) and the front side frame of lower layer's rectangle frame (23), another group of scissor Bracket is mounted vertically between the rear side frame of upper layer rectangle frame (48) and the rear side frame of lower layer's rectangle frame (23);It is cut at two groups A yoke articulated shaft (79), yoke are fixedly installed on scissor arms (54) end of fork bracket left side top and left bottom Articulated shaft (79) is rotatably mounted on the front side frame and rear side frame of corresponding position;In two groups of scissors bracket right hand tops It is fixedly installed with a rolling wheel installing shaft (78) on scissor arms (54) end of bottom right side, on rolling wheel installing shaft (78) Guide roller is rotatably installed, guide roller is in the guide chute of corresponding position;Lifting driving screw rod (75) passes through Screw bracket (25) is rotatably mounted on upper layer bottom plate (11), and parallel with guide chute;Platform lifting motor (26) is solid Dingan County is on upper layer bottom plate (11), and the output shaft of platform lifting motor (26) is connected to each other with lifting driving screw rod (75);? Threaded engagement is equipped with drive block in lifting driving screw rod (75);One end of two braces (77) is fixedly connected in drive block On, the other end is respectively and fixedly installed on two rolling wheel installing shafts (78) of downside;Pacify between two rolling wheel installing shafts (78) Equipped with vertical supporting bar (76);The lifting driving circuit being electrically connected with platform controller is additionally provided in control cabinet (7);Lifting Driving circuit is electrically connected with platform lifting motor (26);Platform controller passes through lifting driving circuit control platform lifting motor (26) it rotates.
7. the workbench according to claim 6 for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection, it is characterised in that: in lower layer's rectangle One protection mechanism is installed on the front side frame of frame (23);Protection mechanism includes guiding raised line (33), bar blocks (35), diagonal brace Bar (42), upper bar shaped fagging (37), tripping driving motor (47), tripping driving screw rod (46), lower bar shaped fagging, two slidings are driven It moves seat (41) and two is lifted strut (45);The section for being oriented to raised line (33) is T shape, and is transversely mounted along front side frame;? It is oriented on the upper side of raised line (33) and is arranged at intervals with anti-skidding unidirectional teeth (34);It is equipped with and leads on the downside of bar blocks (35) Internal unidirectional teeth are equipped with to T-slot, and in the trench bottom of guiding T-slot;Bar blocks (35) are buckled in guiding by being oriented to T-slot On raised line (33), and there are teeth Separations between the upper side of guiding raised line (33) and the trench bottom of guiding T-slot;Item The outer side edges of shape block (35) stretch out the front side edge outer frame of lower layer's rectangle frame (23);It is provided with and matches on the upper side of bar blocks (35) Pouring weight (39) and lower hinged seat (40);The lower end of hound (42) is hingedly mounted on lower hinged seat (40), hound (42) Upper end is hingedly mounted in the scissor arms (54) of corresponding position;Rise in the scissor arms (54) that hound (42) is hingedly installed When, hound (42) pulls bar blocks (35) to move to left, and anti-skidding unidirectional teeth (34) are opposite with internal unidirectional teeth to be slided;In diagonal brace When scissor arms (54) decline that bar (42) is hingedly installed, hound (42) pushes bar blocks (35) to move to right, and makes anti-skidding unidirectional teeth (34) it is mutually buckled with internal unidirectional teeth;Lower bar shaped fagging is transversely mounted on the lateral surface of frame, and in lower bar shaped fagging Upper side on be horizontally arranged with slider guide slot;Before tripping driving screw rod (46) is rotatably mounted on by screw bracket of threading off On the lateral surface of side frame;The rotating middle part formula of tripping driving screw rod (46) is mounted on an intermediate fixed block (38);In Between fixed block (38) two sides tripping driving screw rod (46) on be provided with oppositely oriented external screw thread (44);Two sliding drive seats (41) it is slidably mounted on slider guide slot, and is equipped with a driving threaded hole on two sliding drive seats (41); Two slidings drive seat (41) screw the external screw thread for being mounted on intermediate fixed block (38) two sides by respective driving threaded hole (44) on;Tripping driving motor (47) be fixedly mounted on front side frame outside, and thread off driving motor (47) output shaft with The end of tripping driving screw rod (46) is connected to each other;In front side, the outside of frame is equipped with vertical T shape sliding slot (36), in upper bar shaped fagging (37) side is equipped with the vertical T-shaped slider that slidingtype is embedded in vertical T shape sliding slot (36);In the downside of upper bar shaped fagging (37) Face both ends are equipped with one upper hinged seat (43);Two upper ends for lifting strut (45), which are respectively articulated with, is mounted on two upper hinged seats (43) on;Two lower ends for lifting strut (45), which are respectively articulated with, to be mounted on two sliding drive seats (41);Upper bar shaped fagging (37) parallel with guiding raised line (33);Upper bar shaped fagging (37) lift rising after with bar blocks (35) stretch out lower layer's rectangle frame (23) contact aside of front side edge outer frame, bar blocks (35), which are lifted, makes internal unidirectional teeth and anti-skidding unidirectional teeth (34) up and down Separation;The tripping driving circuit being electrically connected with platform controller is additionally provided in control cabinet (7);Tripping driving circuit and tripping Driving motor (47) electrical connection;Platform controller passes through tripping driving circuit control tripping driving motor (47) rotation.
8. the workbench according to claim 2 for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection, it is characterised in that: inspection platform packet Platform top (49) and setting are included in the protective fence of platform top (49) edge;Protective fence by guardrail hinged seat (50), Vertical bar (52) and transverse bar (53) are constituted;Guardrail hinged seat (50) is arranged at the edge of platform top (49), and every side Edge is at least provided with three guardrail hinged seats (50);Postive stop baffle is vertically provided on the upside of guardrail hinged seat (50); The lower end of vertical bar (52) is hingedly mounted on guardrail hinged seat (50);Magnet (51) are equipped on postive stop baffle, vertical bar (52) it is mutually adsorbed when being rocked to vertical position with magnet (51), and vertical bar (52) is stopped to continue to swing to edge outside;It is located at The upper end of the vertical bar (52) of same side is fixedly mounted on same transverse bar (53);Platform top (49) is fixedly mounted on liter On descending mechanism.
9. the workbench according to claim 2 for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection, it is characterised in that: in platform top (49) lifting testing agency is installed on;Going up and down testing agency includes vertical square column (55), level-one lifting column (56), secondary lifting Column (58), level-one lift drive mechanism, secondary lifting driving mechanism and operation table (60);Level-one lift drive mechanism includes Level-one goes up and down driving motor (69), level-one driving worm screw (70), level-one driving worm gear (68) and level-one driving gear (67);Two Grade lift drive mechanism includes secondary lifting driving motor, secondary drive worm screw, secondary drive worm gear and secondary drive gear; The vertical vertical penetration type of square column (55) is mounted on platform top (49);Installation side is vertically provided on vertical square column (55) Hole;Level-one lifting column (56) is inserted into installation square hole, and can the sliding up and down in installation square hole;In level-one lifting column (56) Side is equipped with vertical strip groove and second level T-slot, and level-one drive rack (57) are provided in vertical strip groove;Secondary lifting column (58) it is inserted into second level T-slot, and can be slided up and down along second level T-slot;Second level is equipped in the side of secondary lifting column (58) Strip groove, and secondary drive rack gear is provided in second level strip groove;Setting is upwardly extended in the upper end of secondary lifting column (58) There are top column (59);Level-one driving worm screw (70) is mounted on platform top (49) by level-one support rotating;Level-one liter The output shaft and level-one driving worm screw (70) for dropping driving motor (69) are connected to each other;Level-one drives worm gear (68) and level-one to drive gear (67) it is fixedly mounted on primary transmission axis;Primary transmission axis is rotatably mounted on vertical square column (55);Level-one drives snail Bar (70) is meshed with level-one driving worm gear (68);Level-one driving gear (67) is meshed with level-one drive rack (57);Second level Driving worm screw is rotatably mounted on the side of level-one lifting column (56) by secondary stent;The output of secondary lifting driving motor Axis is connected to each other with secondary drive worm screw;Secondary drive worm gear and secondary drive gear are fixedly mounted in secondary drive shaft;Two Grade transmission shaft is rotatably mounted on the side of level-one lifting column (56);Secondary drive worm screw is meshed with secondary drive worm gear; Secondary drive gear is meshed with secondary drive rack gear;On top, the upper end of column (59) is vertically installed with platen articulated shaft; The downside of operation table (60) is mounted on platen articulated shaft, and can be rotated around platen articulated shaft;Column (59) on top On be equipped with platform angle adjust motor (64);The first pendulum is vertically installed on the output shaft that platform angle adjusts motor (64) Arm (65);The second swing arm (66) are hingedly installed in the end of the first swing arm (65);It hingedly installs the upper end of second swing arm (66) On the side of operation table (60);Two spatial digitizers (63) are separately mounted in the upper and lower side of operation table (60); Infrared distance sensor (62) and high-definition camera (61) are additionally provided in the upper and lower side of operation table (60);It is controlling Level-one lifting driving circuit, secondary lifting driving circuit and angular adjustment driving circuit are additionally provided in case (7);Platform courses Device respectively with infrared distance sensor (62), high-definition camera (61), level-one lifting driving circuit, secondary lifting driving circuit with And angular adjustment driving circuit electrical connection;Level-one goes up and down driving circuit, secondary lifting driving circuit and angular adjustment driving electricity Road adjusts motor with level-one lifting driving motor (69), secondary lifting driving motor and platform angle respectively and is electrically connected;Platform Controller goes up and down driving circuit by level-one and controls level-one lifting driving motor (69) rotation, passes through secondary lifting driving circuit control Secondary lifting driving motor rotation processed, is rotated by angular adjustment driving circuit control platform angular adjustment motor.
10. the workbench according to claim 1 for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection, it is characterised in that: at mobile bottom Structure of telescopic ladder is installed between disk and inspection platform;Structure of telescopic ladder include upper fixed seat (32), lower collecting box (30) and Extension ladder main body;The top of extension ladder main body is fixedly mounted on upper fixed seat (32), and lower part is fixedly mounted on lower collecting box (30) in;Upper fixed seat (32) is mounted on the side of inspection platform, and lower collecting box (30) is mounted on the side of mobile chassis.
CN201910153609.5A 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 A kind of workbench for aircraft wing maintenance and inspection Pending CN109625313A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110259081A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-09-20 缙云唐纳机械科技有限公司 A kind of scaffold for indoor coating coating
CN110901947A (en) * 2019-11-22 2020-03-24 成都凯天电子股份有限公司 Multi-dimensional attitude adjusting platform for loading and maintaining airplane ground
CN111998795A (en) * 2020-09-09 2020-11-27 哈尔滨科能熔敷科技有限公司 Quick intelligent detection device for water wall abrasion
CN112043050A (en) * 2020-08-26 2020-12-08 广州德谱皮具实业有限公司 Length adjusting buckle with strip-shaped structure
CN112276808A (en) * 2020-09-18 2021-01-29 余华云 Aircraft wing processing maintenance positioner
CN112389674A (en) * 2019-08-14 2021-02-23 顺丰科技有限公司 Unmanned aerial vehicle overhauls support
CN112407320A (en) * 2021-01-25 2021-02-26 北京天创凯睿科技有限公司 Aircraft wing maintenance device and method thereof
CN113110272A (en) * 2021-03-18 2021-07-13 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Field management system and management method beneficial to wheat yield increase

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110259081A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-09-20 缙云唐纳机械科技有限公司 A kind of scaffold for indoor coating coating
CN110259081B (en) * 2019-07-09 2021-04-13 上海上榀建设工程有限公司 Scaffold for coating indoor paint
CN112389674A (en) * 2019-08-14 2021-02-23 顺丰科技有限公司 Unmanned aerial vehicle overhauls support
CN110901947A (en) * 2019-11-22 2020-03-24 成都凯天电子股份有限公司 Multi-dimensional attitude adjusting platform for loading and maintaining airplane ground
CN110901947B (en) * 2019-11-22 2022-04-22 成都凯天电子股份有限公司 Multi-dimensional attitude adjusting platform for loading and maintaining airplane ground
CN112043050A (en) * 2020-08-26 2020-12-08 广州德谱皮具实业有限公司 Length adjusting buckle with strip-shaped structure
CN111998795A (en) * 2020-09-09 2020-11-27 哈尔滨科能熔敷科技有限公司 Quick intelligent detection device for water wall abrasion
CN112276808A (en) * 2020-09-18 2021-01-29 余华云 Aircraft wing processing maintenance positioner
CN112407320A (en) * 2021-01-25 2021-02-26 北京天创凯睿科技有限公司 Aircraft wing maintenance device and method thereof
CN112407320B (en) * 2021-01-25 2021-04-09 北京天创凯睿科技有限公司 Aircraft wing maintenance device and method thereof
CN113110272A (en) * 2021-03-18 2021-07-13 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Field management system and management method beneficial to wheat yield increase

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