CN109624442A - 一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板 - Google Patents

一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板 Download PDF

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CN109624442A
CN109624442A CN201910093506.4A CN201910093506A CN109624442A CN 109624442 A CN109624442 A CN 109624442A CN 201910093506 A CN201910093506 A CN 201910093506A CN 109624442 A CN109624442 A CN 109624442A
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modified polyurethane
insulating layer
bonded
integrated board
heat preservation
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邹先华
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HUBEI JOABOA BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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HUBEI JOABOA BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B15/00Layered products comprising a layer of metal
    • B32B15/20Layered products comprising a layer of metal comprising aluminium or copper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B15/00Layered products comprising a layer of metal
    • B32B15/04Layered products comprising a layer of metal comprising metal as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B15/046Layered products comprising a layer of metal comprising metal as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of foam
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/02Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by structural features of a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/18Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by features of a layer of foamed material
    • B32B5/20Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by features of a layer of foamed material foamed in situ
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/22Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed
    • B32B5/24Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed one layer being a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • B32B5/245Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed one layer being a fibrous or filamentary layer another layer next to it being a foam layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • B32B9/04Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B9/046Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of foam
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0875Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements having a basic insulating layer and at least one covering layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2262/00Composition or structural features of fibres which form a fibrous or filamentary layer or are present as additives
    • B32B2262/10Inorganic fibres
    • B32B2262/101Glass fibres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2266/00Composition of foam
    • B32B2266/02Organic
    • B32B2266/0214Materials belonging to B32B27/00
    • B32B2266/0278Polyurethane
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/30Properties of the layers or laminate having particular thermal properties
    • B32B2307/304Insulating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/30Properties of the layers or laminate having particular thermal properties
    • B32B2307/306Resistant to heat
    • B32B2307/3065Flame resistant or retardant, fire resistant or retardant
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2419/00Buildings or parts thereof
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2290/00Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for
    • E04F2290/04Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire

Abstract

本发明公开了一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板,包括面板和保温层,所述面板为方形铝板,所述保温层由岩棉填充形成,所述保温层背面还设有玻璃纤维薄毡,所述铝板与岩棉以及岩棉与玻璃纤维薄毡之间均填充改性聚氨酯。本发明的有益效果:在由岩棉和铝质面板组成一体化板中填充改性聚氨酯,大大提高了一体化板的保温性能和结构强度,同时相较于单纯采用改性聚氨酯作为保温层,节约了成本,有利于市场推广,改性聚氨酯采用在线发泡制作而成,生产效率更高。

Description

一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板
技术领域
本发明涉及一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板。
背景技术
装饰保温一体化板是近几年研发的新型建筑外墙装饰保温一体化材料;集外墙保温与装饰功能于一体,符合建筑节能“模块化”技术发展方向。
目前的装饰保温板一般外层为金属板层,内层为单层的保温材料,但是,单层的保温材料容易受到温度和湿度等因素的影响,发生收缩变形,结构稳定性较差进而影响保温效果。
聚氨酯是一种新型高分子材料,具有容重小,导热系数低,闭孔率高和耐腐蚀的优良性能,聚氨酯和其他高分子材料一样,其性能受主链分子结构的基本构成、分子量、分子间的作用力、结晶倾向、支化和交联,以及取代基的性能、位置和体积大小等因素的影响,由不同的原材料制得的聚氨酯在性能上存在着一定的差异,但是其价格昂贵,不利于进行市场推广。
发明内容
针对相关技术中的上述技术问题,本发明提出一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板,节约了生产成本,保温效果好。
为实现上述技术目的,本发明的技术方案是这样实现的:
一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板,包括面板和保温层,所述面板为方形铝板,所述保温层由岩棉填充形成,所述保温层背面还设有玻璃纤维薄毡,所述铝板与岩棉以及岩棉与玻璃纤维薄毡之间均填充改性聚氨酯。
进一步的,所述面板两端内折形成中部凹槽,所述凹槽中设置所述保温层,所述保温层与所述面板上相贴合的面之间均填充改性聚氨酯
进一步的,所述玻璃纤维薄毡由玻璃纤维聚合水泥浆形成。
进一步的,所述玻璃纤维薄毡完全覆盖所述保温层背面。
进一步的,所述改性聚氨酯采用在线发泡制作而成。
本发明的有益效果:在由岩棉和铝质面板组成一体化板中填充改性聚氨酯,大大提高了一体化板的保温性能和结构强度,同时相较于单纯采用改性聚氨酯作为保温层,节约了成本,防火性能更好,有利于市场推广,改性聚氨酯采用在线发泡制作而成,生产效率更高。
附图说明
为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。
图1是根据本发明实施例所述的一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板示意图;
图2是根据本发明实施例所述的一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板的面板两端内折结构示意图;
图中:1、铝板;2、改性聚氨酯;3、玻璃纤维薄毡;4、岩棉。
具体实施方式
下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。
如图1所示,根据本发明实施例的一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板,包括面板和保温层,所述面板为方形铝板1,所述保温层由岩棉4填充形成,所述保温层背面还设有玻璃纤维薄毡3,所述铝板1与岩棉4以及岩棉4与玻璃纤维薄毡3之间均填充改性聚氨酯2进行粘接。
如图2所示,根据本发明实施例的一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板,包括面板和保温层,所述面板为方形铝板1,其两端内折形成中部凹槽,所述凹槽中设置所述保温层,所述保温层背面覆盖固定有玻璃纤维薄毡3,所述保温层与所述面板上相贴合的面之间以及所述保温层与玻璃纤维薄毡3之间均填充改性聚氨酯2进行粘接。
本发明一种实施例中,所述改性聚氨酯采用高压发泡机在线发泡制作并进行浇筑填充,采用在线发泡制作的改性聚氨酯性能更好,生产效率更高。在具备较好的保温性能情况下,能较好的控制生产成本。
本发明一种实施例中,所述保温层由岩棉4填充形成,具有优益的防火保温性能,同时其成本低廉,具有较好的生产效益。
本发明一种实施例中,所述玻璃纤维薄毡3由玻璃纤维聚合水泥浆形成,采用由玻璃纤维聚合水泥浆形成的玻璃纤维薄毡3,有效提高了保温一体化板的韧性和抗开裂性。
本发明一种实施例中,所述玻璃纤维薄毡3与所述改性聚氨酯之间通过粘胶粘接固定,粘接更加牢固,耐候性更加持久。
本发明在由岩棉和铝质面板组成一体化板中填充改性聚氨酯,大大提高了一体化板的保温性能和结构强度,同时相较于单纯采用改性聚氨酯作为保温层,节约了成本,有利于市场推广,改性聚氨酯采用在线发泡制作而成,生产效率更高。
以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,并不用以限制本发明,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。

Claims (5)

1.一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板,包括面板和保温层,所述面板为方形铝板(1),所述保温层由岩棉(4)填充形成,其特征在于,所述保温层背面还设有玻璃纤维薄毡(3),所述铝板(1)与岩棉(4)以及岩棉(4)与玻璃纤维薄毡(3)之间均填充改性聚氨酯(2)。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板,其特征在于,所述面板两端内折形成中部凹槽,所述凹槽中设置所述保温层,所述保温层与所述面板上相贴合的面之间均填充改性聚氨酯(2)。
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板,其特征在于,所述玻璃纤维薄毡(3)由玻璃纤维聚合水泥浆形成。
4.根据权利要求3所述的一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板,其特征在于,所述玻璃纤维薄毡(3)完全覆盖所述保温层背面。
5.根据权利要求4所述的一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板,其特征在于,所述改性聚氨酯(2)采用在线发泡制作而成。
CN201910093506.4A 2019-01-30 2019-01-30 一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板 Pending CN109624442A (zh)

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Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202209010U (zh) * 2011-06-08 2012-05-02 吴世光 一种金属面或金属盖面保温防火墙砖或墙板
CN209971747U (zh) * 2019-01-30 2020-01-21 湖北卓宝建筑节能科技有限公司 一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202209010U (zh) * 2011-06-08 2012-05-02 吴世光 一种金属面或金属盖面保温防火墙砖或墙板
CN209971747U (zh) * 2019-01-30 2020-01-21 湖北卓宝建筑节能科技有限公司 一种使用改性聚氨酯粘接的装饰保温一体化板

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