CN109621616B - High efficiency coking exhaust treatment device - Google Patents

High efficiency coking exhaust treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109621616B
CN109621616B CN201910073882.7A CN201910073882A CN109621616B CN 109621616 B CN109621616 B CN 109621616B CN 201910073882 A CN201910073882 A CN 201910073882A CN 109621616 B CN109621616 B CN 109621616B
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plate
waste gas
box body
water
treatment box
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CN109621616A (en
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孙信
叶淑源
李宝
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金智慧
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2259/00Type of treatment
    • B01D2259/80Employing electric, magnetic, electromagnetic or wave energy, or particle radiation
    • B01D2259/804UV light

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of waste gas treatment, and particularly relates to a high-efficiency coking waste gas treatment device; comprises a processing box body and a controller; the top of the treatment box body is provided with a booster pump, the booster pumps are symmetrically arranged by taking the vertical central line of the treatment box body as a reference, the adjacent booster pumps are not positioned in the same horizontal plane, the input ends of the booster pumps are communicated with an air inlet pipe for introducing coking waste gas, the output ends of the booster pumps extend into the treatment box body, the parts of the output ends of the booster pumps, which are positioned in the treatment box body, are provided with booster valves, the booster valves are electrically connected with a controller, and the controller controls the booster valves on the two booster; an adsorption unit, a purification unit and a filtering unit are arranged in the treatment box body; the invention improves the coking waste gas treatment efficiency and also improves the resource utilization rate.

Description

High efficiency coking exhaust treatment device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of waste gas treatment, and particularly relates to a high-efficiency coking waste gas treatment device.
Background
The waste gas refers to toxic and harmful gas discharged by human in the production and living process, particularly chemical plants, steel plants, pharmaceutical plants, coking plants, oil refineries and the like, and the discharged waste gas has large smell, seriously pollutes the environment and affects the human health; coking chemical industry is one of the main pollution sources of exhaust emission, the pollutant that its emission is of a great variety, and physics and chemical property are very complicated, and the toxicity is great and the degree is poor, if do not have timely the coking waste gas to handle, not only can cause the pollution to the environment, also can cause very abominable influence to human healthy simultaneously, consequently, how to improve the purification degree of coking waste gas to avoid the harm to environment and human body, be this field urgent difficult problem that awaits for a long time to solve at present stage.
Some technical solutions of a coking waste gas treatment device also appear in the prior art, for example, a chinese patent with application number 2018103856604 discloses a coking waste gas treatment device, which mainly includes a first treatment tank and a second treatment tank; the first treatment tank is provided with an air inlet pipe for coking waste gas to enter, and an activated carbon filter plate and a semi-coke filter plate which enable the coking waste gas to sequentially pass through are arranged in the first treatment tank; the second treatment box is communicated with the first treatment box through a first connecting pipe and is used for decomposing the coking waste gas through the UV photolysis lamp tube.
This technical scheme's a coking exhaust treatment device, can handle waste gas through active carbon filter and semi-coke filter, but active carbon filter and semi-coke filter all can not remove, make coking waste gas and active carbon filter and semi-coke filter area of contact limited, in the device, a large amount of coking waste gas all can not get the purification when contacting with active carbon filter and semi-coke filter, and the water jet equipment in the device can not rotatory blowout, make water can not be fine carry out the dust fall with the residue in the coking waste gas and handle, coking waste gas treatment's efficiency is just comparatively low like this, simultaneously the device is after using a period, can adhere to a large amount of dust and residue in the device, the cost of device maintenance can greatly increased like this, make this technical scheme receive the restriction.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to make up the defects of the prior art and solve the problems of low efficiency and high maintenance cost of a coking waste gas treatment device in the prior art; the invention provides a high-efficiency coking waste gas treatment device.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the invention relates to a high-efficiency coking waste gas treatment device which comprises a treatment box body and a controller; the controller is used for controlling the coking waste gas treatment device to work; the top of the treatment box body is provided with a booster pump, the booster pumps are symmetrically arranged by taking the vertical central line of the treatment box body as a reference, the adjacent booster pumps are not positioned in the same horizontal plane, the input ends of the booster pumps are communicated with an air inlet pipe for introducing coking waste gas, the output ends of the booster pumps extend into the treatment box body, the parts of the output ends of the booster pumps, which are positioned in the treatment box body, are provided with booster valves, the booster valves are electrically connected with a controller, and the controller controls the booster valves on the two booster; an adsorption unit is arranged in the treatment box body and is used for preliminarily adsorbing dust and ash in the coking waste gas; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the adsorption unit comprises a sucker which is rotationally connected with the side wall of the working box body through a rotating shaft, and a gear is sleeved on the rotating shaft; the sucking disc consists of a first plate, a second plate and a semi-coke filter plate, the first plate and the second plate have the same structure, the output end of one booster pump is aligned with the first plate, and the output end of the other booster pump is symmetrical to the second plate; when the pressure increasing valves are opened alternately, the pressurized coking waste gas impacts the first plate and the second plate alternately to enable the suction cups to swing in the horizontal direction; the first plate and the second plate are fixedly connected with ivory-shaped hollow thin pipes, sticky hair is arranged on the hollow thin pipes, when coking waste gas impacts the first plate and the second plate, the hollow thin pipes swing to enable the sticky hair to swing so as to adsorb dust and ash in the coking waste gas, and meanwhile, the hollow thin pipes are compressed when the coking waste gas impacts the first plate and the second plate; a purification unit is arranged below the adsorption unit and used for purifying the coking waste gas;
the purification unit comprises a purification disc and a water tank, wherein sliding blocks are fixedly connected to two sides of the purification disc, sliding grooves are formed in the side wall of the treatment box body, and the sliding blocks slide in the sliding grooves; the purification disc comprises a first disc, a second disc, an active carbon filter plate and a spraying hose, the number of the active carbon filter plate and the number of the spraying hose are four, the active carbon filter plate and the spraying hose are positioned between the first disc and the second disc, and spraying openings are uniformly formed in two sides of the spraying hose; the water tank is fixedly connected to the outer side of the treatment tank body, a water inlet is formed in the top of the water tank, the bottom of the water tank is fixedly connected with a first air cylinder, the output end of the first air cylinder is fixedly connected with a piston plate, and water is filled in a closed space formed by the piston plate and the water tank; one side of the water tank close to the treatment tank body is communicated with a water outlet hose, and one end of the water outlet hose far away from the water tank penetrates through the treatment tank body and the second disc to be communicated with the spraying hose; when the first cylinder works, water in the water tank is sprayed out through the water outlet hose and the spraying hose to carry out dust fall on the coking waste gas; a rectangular rack is fixedly connected above the second disc, the rectangular rack is in meshing transmission with a gear, and the purifying disc swings in the horizontal direction when the gear is in meshing transmission with the rectangular rack; a UV photolysis lamp tube is hinged below the activated carbon filter plate; a filter unit is obliquely arranged below the UV photolysis lamp tube, and is used for filtering water containing impurities and utilizing the filtered water;
the filter unit comprises a first filter plate, a second filter plate and a second air cylinder, the second filter plate is fixedly connected with the side wall of the processing box body, the first filter plate is connected with the second filter plate in a sliding mode, and the second air cylinder is located between the first filter plate and the second filter plate; a flow guide ring is arranged below the second filter plate, a through hole is formed in the middle of the flow guide ring, a third air cylinder is arranged below the flow guide ring, the bottom of the third air cylinder is fixedly connected with the side wall of the treatment box body, and a push ring is fixedly connected with the output end of the third air cylinder; a treatment box is arranged on the outer side of the treatment box body, an air outlet is formed in one side, away from the treatment box body, of the treatment box body, the treatment box body is communicated with the treatment box body through an air outlet pipe, a water outlet pipe is arranged below the air outlet pipe, one end of the water outlet pipe extends into the treatment box body and is positioned between the flow guide ring and the bottom of the treatment box body, and the other end of the water outlet pipe extends into the treatment box body from the top of the treatment box body; a piston ring is arranged in the water outlet pipe, a medicament for purifying the coking waste gas is filled in the water outlet pipe above the piston ring, and a medicament inlet is formed in the water outlet pipe above the piston ring; water in the spraying hose falls onto the filtering unit after dust fall and purification of coking waste gas, the first filtering plate slides on the second filtering plate to press the second air cylinder under the action of gravity, gas discharged when the second air cylinder is compressed enters the third air cylinder to drive the third air cylinder to work, the push ring pushes water between the guide ring and the side wall of the treatment box body to flow out of the water outlet pipe when the third air cylinder works, so that a piston ring in the water outlet pipe moves upwards, and a medicament is pushed to be sprayed out of the medicament sprayer to purify the coking waste gas when the piston ring moves upwards; the invention can carry out multi-level mobile treatment on dust and ash in coking waste gas by matching the adsorption unit, the purification unit and the filtering unit, and compared with the prior art, the invention improves the efficiency of coking waste gas treatment and the utilization rate of resources.
Preferably, a group of traceless movable rubber rings are arranged in the air inlet pipe and are connected through a spring, one traceless movable rubber ring is bonded with the air inlet pipe, the other traceless movable rubber ring is contacted with the air inlet pipe, and the traceless movable rubber rings are used for adsorbing large-particle dust and ash residues in the coking waste gas; according to the invention, the traceless movable rubber ring is arranged in the air inlet pipe, so that large-particle dust and ash in the coking waste gas can be adsorbed, and the situation that the booster pump is blocked after the large-particle dust and ash enter the booster pump and the working efficiency of the device is influenced can be prevented.
Preferably, the spray hose is wavy, an arc-shaped soft rod is fixedly connected to one side of the wavy spray hose, a sealing head is arranged at one end, close to the spray opening, of the arc-shaped soft rod, and the sealing head is used for sealing the spray opening in one side of the spray hose so as to improve the impact force of water; according to the invention, the spray hose is arranged in a wave shape, and the sealing head is arranged on one side of the spray opening, so that on one hand, the swing amplitude of the wave-shaped spray hose is larger, water in the spray hose is uniformly sprayed, ash and dust in coking waste gas can be better subjected to dust fall treatment, the working efficiency of the device is improved, and the sealing head can seal the spray opening on one side of the spray hose when the spray hose swings, so that the sprayed water has impact force, can be better contacted with the dust and ash, and further improves the working efficiency of the device.
Preferably, the UV photolysis lamp tube is sleeved with a spring, the spring is fixedly connected with the activated carbon filter plate, and the spring is used for removing dust and ash adhered to the UV photolysis lamp tube; according to the UV photolysis lamp tube, the spring is sleeved on the UV photolysis lamp tube and can swing along with the UV photolysis lamp tube, so that dust and impurities adhered to the UV photolysis lamp tube are scraped, and the influence of excessive dust and impurities on the UV photolysis lamp tube on the normal use of the UV photolysis lamp tube is prevented.
Preferably, the side, close to the treatment box body, of the spring is fixedly connected with bristles, the bristles are in contact with the side wall of the treatment box body in the swinging process of the UV photolysis lamp tube, and dust and ash residues attached to the side wall of the treatment box body are removed when the bristles are in contact with the side wall of the treatment box body; according to the invention, the brush hair is fixedly connected to one side of the spring close to the processing box body, and the brush hair can swing along with the spring to remove dust and ash adhered to the processing box body, so that the cleaning degree of the device in operation is improved, and the maintenance cost of the device in later use is reduced.
Preferably, air bags are arranged between the springs and are fixedly connected with the adjacent springs respectively, and are used for preventing the UV photolysis lamp tubes from colliding with each other during swinging and bouncing falling water; according to the invention, the air bag is arranged between the spring and the spring, so that on one hand, the UV photolysis lamp tubes can be prevented from being damaged due to mutual collision when swinging; on the other hand, the gasbag is deformation that does not stop when the UV photodissociation fluorescent tube swings, and the gasbag that warp can bounce from the water behind the shower blowout, and the water that bounces can once more carry out the dust fall to dust and lime-ash in the focusing waste gas, has improved the work efficiency of device.
When the coking waste gas is required to be treated, the booster pump is started, the coking gas is introduced from the gas inlet pipe on one side of the booster pump, the coking waste gas is firstly contacted with the traceless movable rubber ring, the traceless movable rubber ring adsorbs large-particle dust and ash residues in the coking waste gas, the coking waste gas enters the booster pump for pressurization, the pressurized coking waste gas enters the treatment box body from the output end of the booster pump, the booster valve is controlled by the controller to work at the moment, the booster pumps on two sides of the top of the treatment box body alternately spray the coking waste gas, and the adjacent booster pumps are not positioned on the same horizontal line, so when the booster pump alternately sprays the coking waste gas, the sprayed coking waste gas alternately impacts the suction cup, the suction cup is enabled to swing left and right in the vertical direction, in the process that the suction cup turns left and right, the semi-coke filter plate absorbs the dust and ash residues in, the hollow thin pipe compression on a board and No. two boards, the output that drives a cylinder in hollow thin pipe compression combustion gas gets into a cylinder stretches out, promotes the piston plate when the output of a cylinder stretches out and goes into the water pressure in the water tank and spout behind the mouth that sprays on the spray hose, and the sticky hair on the hollow thin pipe still can adsorb dust and impurity in the coking waste gas.
The coking waste gas enters the purification unit after being treated by the adsorption unit, when the sucker turns left and right in the vertical direction, the gear on the rotating shaft rotates left and right in the vertical direction along with the sucker, so that the rectangular rack which is in meshing transmission with the gear rotates left and right, the purification disc swings left and right in the horizontal direction, when the purification disc swings left and right in the horizontal direction, the active carbon filter plate swings left and right in the horizontal direction to adsorb dust and ash in the coking waste gas, the coking waste gas contacts with water sprayed out of the spray hose while contacting with the active carbon filter plate, the water can settle the dust and ash in the coking waste gas, meanwhile, the spray hose is wavy, a sealing head is arranged on one side of a spray opening, on one hand, the wavy spray hose has larger swinging amplitude, so that the water in the spray hose is uniformly scattered, and the ash and dust in the coking waste gas can be better treated, when the spray hose swings left and right, the sealing head can seal the spray opening on one side of the spray hose to enable water to be rapidly sprayed out from the spray opening on the other side of the spray hose, the impact force of the water is increased, dust and ash in the coking waste gas can be better reduced, the coking waste gas is in contact with the UV photolysis lamp tube after being purified by the purification disc, the UV photolysis lamp tube performs photolysis on the coking waste gas when swinging along with the purification disc, meanwhile, the spring sleeved on the UV photolysis lamp tube can scrape the ash of the dust attached to the UV photolysis lamp tube when swinging along with the UV photolysis lamp tube, and the bristles fixedly connected to the spring can remove the dust and the ash attached to the treatment box body in the swinging process along with the spring; begin down to drop after dust and lime-ash processing when the water that sprays the hose spun, the gasbag contact between water that drops and the adjacent spring, and the deformation that UV photodissociation fluorescent tube was not stopped at wobbling in-process gasbag, the gasbag of deformation can be bounced from shower spun water, and the water of bounceing can carry out the dust fall to dust and lime-ash in focusing waste gas once more, also can prevent simultaneously that adjacent UV photodissociation fluorescent tube from colliding when the swing.
The coking waste gas after photolysis enters the treatment box from the air outlet pipe, then the water containing dust and ash slag enters the filtering unit, the first filtering plate and the second filtering plate respectively filter the water containing dust and impurities, the filtered water drops to the bottom of the treatment box body through the through holes on the flow guide ring, due to the gravity action of the water, when the water drops on the first filtering plate, the first filtering plate is pushed to slide on the second filtering plate, the second air cylinder is compressed when the first filtering plate slides on the second filtering plate, the discharged gas enters the third air cylinder when the second air cylinder is compressed, the output end of the third air cylinder extends out, the push ring is pushed to press the water into the water outlet pipe when the output end of the third air cylinder extends out, the water enters the water outlet pipe and pushes the piston ring in the water outlet pipe to move upwards, when the piston ring moves upwards, the medicament in the water outlet pipe above the piston ring is pressed into the medicament spray head, the sprayed medicament treats harmful gas in the coking waste gas in the treatment box, and the treated coking waste gas is discharged from a gas outlet on the treatment box.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the invention relates to a high-efficiency coking waste gas treatment device; coking exhaust-gas treatment's efficient, through adsorption unit, purification unit and filter unit's cooperation use, can carry out multi-level portable purification treatment to dust and impurity in the coking waste gas, for prior art, improved coking exhaust-gas treatment's efficiency, also improved the utilization ratio of resource simultaneously.
2. The high-efficiency coking waste gas treatment device is ingenious in design, the hollow thin pipes are fixedly connected to the first plate and the second plate, sticky hairs are fixedly connected to the hollow thin pipes and can adsorb dust and residues in coking waste gas, the dust and the residues attached to the side wall of the treatment box body can be cleaned by the brush hairs when the brush hairs work, the dust and the residues on the UV photolysis lamp tube can be scraped when the UV photolysis lamp tube works, and the later maintenance cost of the device is reduced.
Drawings
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view A-A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a view at B of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 1 at C;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 3 at D;
in the figure: the device comprises a treatment box body 1, a booster pump 2, an air inlet pipe 21, an adsorption unit 3, a suction cup 31, a first plate 311, a second plate 312, a semi-coke filter plate 313, a hollow thin pipe 32, a purification unit 4, a purification plate 41, a first plate 411, a second plate 412, an activated carbon filter plate 413, a spraying hose 414, an arc-shaped soft rod 415, a sealing head 416, a water tank 42, a first cylinder 43, a piston plate 44, a water outlet hose 45, a UV photolysis lamp tube 46, a filter unit 5, a first filter plate 51, a second filter plate 52, a second cylinder 53, a flow guide ring 54, a third cylinder 55, a push ring 56, a treatment box 57, an air outlet pipe 58, a medicament spray head 59, a water outlet pipe 6, a piston ring 61, a traceless movable rubber ring 7 and bristles 8.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the high efficiency coking waste gas treatment device of the invention comprises a treatment tank 1 and a controller; the controller is used for controlling the coking waste gas treatment device to work; the top of the treatment box body 1 is provided with booster pumps 2, the booster pumps 2 are symmetrically arranged by taking the vertical central line of the treatment box body 1 as a reference, the adjacent booster pumps 2 are not positioned on the same horizontal plane, the input ends of the booster pumps 2 are communicated with an air inlet pipe 21 for introducing coking waste gas, the output ends of the booster pumps extend into the treatment box body 1, the parts of the output ends of the booster pumps 2 positioned in the treatment box body 1 are provided with booster valves, the booster valves are electrically connected with a controller, and the controller controls the booster valves on the two booster pumps 2 to be opened alternately; an adsorption unit 3 is arranged in the treatment box body 1, and the adsorption unit 3 is used for preliminarily adsorbing dust and ash residues in the coking waste gas; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the adsorption unit 3 comprises a suction cup 31, the suction cup 31 is rotatably connected with the side wall of the working box body 1 through a rotating shaft, and a gear is sleeved on the rotating shaft; the suction cup 31 consists of a first plate 311, a second plate 312 and a semi-coke filter plate 313, the first plate 311 and the second plate 312 have the same structure, the output end of one booster pump 2 is aligned with the first plate 311, and the output end of the other booster pump 2 is symmetrical to the second plate 312; when the pressure increasing valve is opened alternately, the pressurized coking waste gas impacts the first plate 311 and the second plate 312 alternately to enable the suction cup 31 to swing in the horizontal direction; the first plate 311 and the second plate 312 are fixedly connected with ivory-shaped hollow thin pipes 32, sticky hair is arranged on the hollow thin pipes 32, when coking waste gas impacts the first plate 311 and the second plate 312, the hollow thin pipes 32 swing to enable the sticky hair to swing so as to adsorb dust and ash in the coking waste gas, and meanwhile, when the coking waste gas impacts the first plate 311 and the second plate 312, the hollow thin pipes 32 are compressed; a purification unit 4 is arranged below the adsorption unit 3, and the purification unit 4 is used for purifying the coking waste gas;
the purification unit 4 comprises a purification disk 41 and a water tank 42, wherein sliding blocks are fixedly connected to two sides of the purification disk 41, sliding grooves are formed in the side wall of the treatment box body 1, and the sliding blocks slide in the sliding grooves; the purifying disc 41 consists of a first disc 411, a second disc 412, an activated carbon filter plate 413 and a spraying hose 414, the number of the activated carbon filter plate 413 and the number of the spraying hose 414 are four, the activated carbon filter plate 413 and the spraying hose 414 are positioned between the first disc 411 and the second disc 412, and spraying ports are uniformly formed in two sides of the spraying hose 414; the water tank 42 is fixedly connected to the outer side of the treatment tank body 1, a water inlet is formed in the top of the water tank 42, the first air cylinder 43 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the water tank 42, the output end of the first air cylinder 43 is fixedly connected with the piston plate 44, and water is filled in a closed space formed by the piston plate 44 and the water tank 42; one side of the water tank 42 close to the treatment tank body 1 is communicated with a water outlet hose 45, and one end of the water outlet hose 45 far away from the water tank 42 penetrates through the treatment tank body 1 and the second disc 412 to be communicated with a spraying hose 414; when the first air cylinder 43 works, water in the water tank 42 is sprayed out through the water outlet hose 45 and the spraying hose 414 to perform dust fall on the coking waste gas; a rectangular rack is fixedly connected above the second disc 412, the rectangular rack is in meshing transmission with a gear, and the purifying disc 41 swings in the horizontal direction when the gear is in meshing transmission with the rectangular rack; a UV photolysis lamp tube 46 is hinged below the activated carbon filter plate 413; the filter unit 5 is obliquely arranged below the UV photolysis lamp tube 46, and the filter unit 5 filters water containing impurities and utilizes the filtered water;
the filtering unit 5 comprises a first filtering plate 51, a second filtering plate 52 and a second air cylinder 53, the second filtering plate 52 is fixedly connected with the side wall of the processing box body 1, the first filtering plate 51 is in sliding connection with the second filtering plate 52, and the second air cylinder 53 is positioned between the first filtering plate 51 and the second filtering plate 52; a flow guide ring 54 is arranged below the second filter plate 52, a through hole is formed in the middle of the flow guide ring 54, a third air cylinder 55 is arranged below the flow guide ring 54, the bottom of the third air cylinder 55 is fixedly connected with the side wall of the treatment box body 1, and a push ring 56 is fixedly connected with the output end of the third air cylinder 55; a processing box 57 is arranged on the outer side of the processing box body 1, an air outlet is arranged on one side of the processing box 57 far away from the processing box body 1, the processing box body 1 is communicated with the processing box 57 through an air outlet pipe 58, a water outlet pipe 6 is arranged below the air outlet pipe 58, one end of the water outlet pipe 6 extends into the processing box body 1 and is positioned between the flow guide ring 54 and the bottom of the processing box body 1, and the other end of the water outlet pipe 6 extends into the top of the processing box 57 and is communicated with a pesticide sprayer 59; a piston ring 61 is arranged in the water outlet pipe 6, a medicament for purifying the coking waste gas is filled in the water outlet pipe 6 above the piston ring 61, and the water outlet pipe 6 above the piston ring 61 is provided with a medicament inlet; the water in the spraying hose 414 falls onto the filtering unit 5 after dust reduction and purification of the coking waste gas, the first filtering plate 51 slides on the second filtering plate 52 to press the second cylinder 53 under the action of gravity, gas discharged when the second cylinder 53 is compressed enters the third cylinder 55 to drive the third cylinder 55 to work, the push ring 56 pushes the water between the guide ring 54 and the side wall of the treatment box body 1 to flow out from the water outlet pipe 6 when the third cylinder 55 works, so that the piston ring 61 in the water outlet pipe 6 moves upwards, and the piston ring 61 pushes the medicament to be sprayed out from the medicament spray nozzle 59 to purify the coking waste gas when moving upwards; according to the invention, through the matching use of the adsorption unit 3, the purification unit 4 and the filtering unit 5, the dust and ash in the coking waste gas can be subjected to multi-level mobile treatment, and compared with the prior art, the coking waste gas treatment efficiency is improved, and the resource utilization rate is also improved.
As a specific embodiment of the invention, a group of traceless movable rubber rings 7 is arranged in the air inlet pipe 21, the traceless movable rubber rings 7 are connected through a spring, one traceless movable rubber ring 7 is adhered to the air inlet pipe 21, the other traceless movable rubber ring 7 is contacted with the air inlet pipe 21, and the traceless movable rubber ring 7 is used for adsorbing large-particle dust and ash in the coking waste gas; according to the invention, the traceless movable rubber ring 7 is arranged in the air inlet pipe 21, so that large-particle dust and ash in the coking waste gas can be adsorbed, and the situation that the booster pump 2 is blocked after the large-particle dust and ash enter the booster pump 2 and the working efficiency of the device is influenced can be prevented.
As a specific embodiment of the present invention, the spray hose 414 is in a wave shape, an arc-shaped soft rod 415 is fixedly connected to one side of the wave-shaped spray hose 414, a sealing head 416 is arranged at one end of the arc-shaped soft rod 415 close to the spray opening, and the sealing head 416 is used for sealing the spray opening at one side of the spray hose 414 to improve the impact force of water; according to the invention, the spray hose 414 is arranged in a wave shape, and the sealing head 416 is arranged on one side of the spray opening, so that on one hand, the swing amplitude of the wave-shaped spray hose 414 is larger, water in the spray hose 414 is enabled to be uniformly sprayed, dust and ash in coking waste gas can be better subjected to dust fall treatment, the working efficiency of the device is improved, and when the spray hose 414 swings, the sealing head 416 can seal the spray opening on one side of the spray hose 414, so that the sprayed water has impact force, the dust and ash can be better contacted, and the working efficiency of the device is further improved.
As a specific embodiment of the present invention, the UV photolysis lamp tube 46 is sleeved with a spring, the spring is fixedly connected to the activated carbon filter 413, and the spring is used for removing dust and ash adhered to the UV photolysis lamp tube 46; according to the invention, the spring is sleeved on the UV photolysis lamp tube 46, and the spring can swing along with the UV photolysis lamp tube 46 so as to scrape off dust and impurities adhered to the UV photolysis lamp tube 46, thereby preventing the dust and impurities on the UV photolysis lamp tube 46 from influencing the normal use of the UV photolysis lamp tube 46 too much.
As a specific embodiment of the invention, the side of the spring close to the treatment box 1 is fixedly connected with the brush 8, the brush 8 contacts with the side wall of the treatment box 1 in the swinging process of the UV photolysis lamp tube 46, and the brush 8 removes dust and ash attached to the side wall of the treatment box 1 when contacting with the side wall of the treatment box 1; according to the invention, the brush bristles 8 are fixedly connected to one side of the spring close to the processing box body 1, and the brush bristles 8 can swing along with the spring to remove dust and ash adhered to the processing box body 1, so that the cleaning degree of the device in operation is improved, and the maintenance cost of the device in later use is reduced.
As a specific embodiment of the present invention, air bags are disposed between the springs, the air bags are fixedly connected to the adjacent springs, and the air bags are used for preventing the UV photolysis lamp tubes 46 from colliding with each other during swinging and bouncing up falling water; according to the invention, the air bag is arranged between the spring and the spring, so that on one hand, the damage of the UV photolysis lamp tube 46 caused by mutual collision of the UV photolysis lamp tube 46 during swinging can be prevented; on the other hand, the UV photolysis lamp tube 46 has the air bag continuously deformed when swinging, the deformed air bag can bounce the water sprayed out from the spray pipe, and the bounced water can perform dust fall on dust and ash in the coking waste gas again, so that the working efficiency of the device is improved.
When the device works, when coking waste gas needs to be treated, the booster pump 2 is started, coking gas is introduced from the gas inlet pipe 21 on one side of the booster pump 2, the coking waste gas is firstly contacted with the traceless movable rubber ring 7, the traceless movable rubber ring 7 adsorbs large-particle dust and ash in the coking waste gas, the coking waste gas enters the booster pump 2 for boosting, the boosted coking waste gas enters the treatment box body 1 from the output end of the booster pump 2, at the moment, the controller controls the booster valve to work, so that the booster pumps 2 on two sides of the top of the treatment box body 1 alternately spray out the coking waste gas, and the adjacent booster pumps 2 are not in the same horizontal line, so when the booster pump 2 alternately sprays out the coking waste gas, the sprayed out coking waste gas alternately impacts the suction cup 31, so that the suction cup 31 swings left and right in the vertical direction, and in the left and right turning process of the suction cup 31, the semi-coke filter plate, when the coking waste gas impacts the suction cup 31, the hollow thin pipes 32 on the first plate 311 and the second plate 312 are compressed, the gas compressed and discharged by the hollow thin pipes 32 enters the first air cylinder 43 to drive the output end of the first air cylinder 43 to extend out, the output end of the first air cylinder 43 extends out to push the piston plate 44 to press the water in the water tank 42 into the spray opening on the spray hose 414 and then spray out, and sticky hair on the hollow thin pipes 32 can also adsorb dust and impurities in the coking waste gas.
The coking waste gas enters the purification unit 4 after being treated by the adsorption unit 3, when the suction cup 31 turns left and right in the vertical direction, the gear on the rotating shaft rotates left and right in the vertical direction along with the suction cup 31, so that the rectangular rack which is in meshing transmission with the gear rotates left and right, the purification disk 41 swings left and right in the horizontal direction, when the purification disk 41 swings left and right in the horizontal direction, the activated carbon filter plate 413 swings left and right in the horizontal direction to adsorb dust and ash in the coking waste gas, the coking waste gas contacts with the activated carbon filter plate 413 and water sprayed out from the spray hose 414, the water can settle the dust and ash in the coking waste gas, meanwhile, the spray hose 414 is wavy, and the sealing head 416 is arranged on one side of a spray opening, on the one hand, the swinging amplitude of the wavy spray hose 414 is larger, so that the water in the spray hose 414 is uniformly sprayed, dust and ash residues in the coking waste gas can be better settled, when the spraying hose 414 swings left and right, the sealing head 416 can seal the spraying opening on one side of the spraying hose 414, so that water is rapidly sprayed out from the spraying opening on the other side of the spraying hose 414, the impact force of the water is increased, and the dust and ash residues in the coking waste gas can be better settled, when the coking waste gas is subjected to purification treatment by the purification disc 41 and then is contacted with the UV photolysis lamp tube 46, the UV photolysis lamp tube 46 can perform photolysis treatment on the coking waste gas when swinging along with the purification disc 41, meanwhile, a spring sleeved on the UV photolysis lamp tube 46 can scrape off the ash residues of the dust and ash residues attached to the UV photolysis lamp tube 46 when swinging along with the UV photolysis lamp tube 46, and the bristles 8 fixedly connected to the spring can remove the dust and ash residues attached to the treatment box body 1 in the swinging process along with the spring; when water sprayed from the spraying hose 414 begins to drop down after dust and ash are treated, the dropped water contacts with the air bags between the adjacent springs, the air bags are continuously deformed in the process of swinging of the UV photolysis lamp tube 46, the deformed air bags can bounce the water sprayed from the spraying hose, the bounced water can perform dust fall on the dust and ash in the coking waste gas again, and meanwhile, the adjacent UV photolysis lamp tube 46 can be prevented from colliding during swinging.
The coking waste gas after photolysis enters a processing box 57 from an air outlet pipe 58, then water containing dust and ash enters a filtering unit 5, a first filtering plate 51 and a second filtering plate 52 respectively filter the water containing dust and impurities, the filtered water drops at the bottom of a processing box body 1 through a through hole on a flow guide ring 54, due to the gravity action of the water, when the water drops on the first filtering plate 51, the first filtering plate 51 is pushed to slide on the second filtering plate 52, the first filtering plate 51 is compressed by a second air cylinder 53 when sliding on the second filtering plate 52, when the second air cylinder 53 is compressed, discharged gas enters a third air cylinder 55 to enable the output end of the third air cylinder 55 to extend, when the output end of the third air cylinder 55 extends, the push ring 56 is pushed to press water into the water outlet pipe 6, after the water enters the water outlet pipe 6, the piston ring 61 in the water outlet pipe 6 is pushed to move upwards, when the piston ring 61 moves upwards, a medicament in the water outlet pipe 6 above the piston ring 61, the chemical sprayer 59 sprays the chemical, the sprayed chemical treats the harmful gas in the coking waste gas in the treatment box 57, and the treated coking waste gas is discharged from the gas outlet on the treatment box 57.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (6)

1. A high efficiency coking waste gas treatment device which characterized in that: comprises a processing box body (1) and a controller; the controller is used for controlling the coking waste gas treatment device to work; the top of the treatment box body (1) is provided with a booster pump (2), the booster pumps (2) are symmetrically arranged by taking the vertical central line of the treatment box body (1) as a reference, the adjacent booster pumps (2) are not positioned on the same horizontal plane, the input ends of the booster pumps (2) are communicated with an air inlet pipe (21) for introducing coking waste gas, the output ends of the booster pumps extend into the treatment box body (1), the part of the output ends of the booster pumps (2) positioned in the treatment box body (1) is provided with a booster valve, the booster valve is electrically connected with a controller, and the controller controls the booster valves on the two booster pumps (2) to be opened alternately; an adsorption unit (3) is arranged in the treatment box body (1), and the adsorption unit (3) is used for preliminarily adsorbing dust and ash residues in the coking waste gas; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the adsorption unit (3) comprises a sucker (31), the sucker (31) is rotatably connected with the side wall of the working box body (1) through a rotating shaft, and a gear is sleeved on the rotating shaft; the suction cup (31) consists of a first plate (311), a second plate (312) and a semi-coke filter plate (313), the first plate (311) and the second plate (312) have the same structure, the output end of one booster pump (2) is aligned with the first plate (311), and the output end of the other booster pump (2) is symmetrical to the second plate (312); when the pressure increasing valve is opened alternately, the pressurized coking waste gas impacts a first plate (311) and a second plate (312) alternately to enable the suction cup (31) to swing in the horizontal direction; the first plate (311) and the second plate (312) are fixedly connected with ivory-shaped hollow thin pipes (32), sticky hair is arranged on the hollow thin pipes (32), when coking waste gas impacts the first plate (311) and the second plate (312), the hollow thin pipes (32) swing to enable the sticky hair to swing so as to adsorb dust and ash in the coking waste gas, and meanwhile, the coking waste gas impacts the first plate (311) and the second plate (312) to compress the hollow thin pipes (32); a purification unit (4) is arranged below the adsorption unit (3), and the purification unit (4) is used for purifying the coking waste gas;
the purification unit (4) comprises a purification disc (41) and a water tank (42), wherein sliding blocks are fixedly connected to two sides of the purification disc (41), a sliding groove is formed in the side wall of the treatment box body (1), and the sliding blocks slide in the sliding groove; the purifying disc (41) consists of a first disc (411), a second disc (412), an active carbon filter plate (413) and a spraying hose (414), the number of the active carbon filter plate (413) and the number of the spraying hose (414) are four, the active carbon filter plate (413) and the spraying hose (414) are positioned between the first disc (411) and the second disc (412), and spraying ports are uniformly formed in two sides of the spraying hose (414); the water tank (42) is fixedly connected to the outer side of the treatment tank body (1), a water inlet is formed in the top of the water tank (42), the bottom of the water tank (42) is fixedly connected with a first air cylinder (43), the output end of the first air cylinder (43) is fixedly connected with a piston plate (44), and water is filled in a closed space formed by the piston plate (44) and the water tank (42); one side of the water tank (42) close to the treatment tank body (1) is communicated with a water outlet hose (45), and one end, far away from the water tank (42), of the water outlet hose (45) penetrates through the treatment tank body (1) and the second disc (412) to be communicated with a spraying hose (414); when the first air cylinder (43) works, water in the water tank (42) is sprayed out through the water outlet hose (45) and the spraying hose (414) to condense waste gas for dust settling; a rectangular rack is fixedly connected above the second disc (412), the rectangular rack is in meshing transmission with a gear, and the purifying disc (41) swings in the horizontal direction when the gear is in meshing transmission with the rectangular rack; a UV photolysis lamp tube (46) is hinged below the activated carbon filter plate (413); a filter unit (5) is obliquely arranged below the UV photolysis lamp tube (46), and the filter unit (5) filters water containing impurities and utilizes the filtered water;
the filtering unit (5) comprises a first filtering plate (51), a second filtering plate (52) and a second air cylinder (53), the second filtering plate (52) is fixedly connected with the side wall of the processing box body (1), the first filtering plate (51) is in sliding connection with the second filtering plate (52), and the second air cylinder (53) is positioned between the first filtering plate (51) and the second filtering plate (52); a flow guide ring (54) is arranged below the second filter plate (52), a through hole is formed in the middle of the flow guide ring (54), a third air cylinder (55) is arranged below the flow guide ring (54), the bottom of the third air cylinder (55) is fixedly connected with the side wall of the treatment box body (1), and a push ring (56) is fixedly connected to the output end of the third air cylinder (55); a treatment box (57) is arranged on the outer side of the treatment box body (1), an air outlet is formed in one side, far away from the treatment box body (1), of the treatment box (57), the treatment box body (1) is communicated with the treatment box (57) through an air outlet pipe (58), a water outlet pipe (6) is arranged below the air outlet pipe (58), one end of the water outlet pipe (6) extends into the treatment box body (1) and is positioned between the flow guide ring (54) and the bottom of the treatment box body (1), and the other end of the water outlet pipe (6) extends into the top of the treatment box body (57) and is communicated with a pesticide spray head (59); a piston ring (61) is arranged in the water outlet pipe (6), a medicament for purifying the coking waste gas is filled in the water outlet pipe (6) above the piston ring (61), and a medicament inlet is formed in the water outlet pipe (6) above the piston ring (61); water in the spraying hose (414) falls into the filtering unit (5) after focusing waste gas dust fall purification, slide pressure two number cylinder (53) on two number filter (52) because of water receives the action of gravity filter (51), the exhaust gas gets into and drives three number cylinder (55) work in three number cylinder (55) when two number cylinder (53) compress, No. three cylinder (55) during operation push ring (56) promote water between water conservancy diversion ring (54) and processing box (1) lateral wall from outlet pipe (6) outflow, make piston ring (61) rebound in outlet pipe (6), promote the medicament when piston ring (61) rebound and follow medicament shower nozzle (59) blowout and purify focusing waste gas.
2. A high efficiency coking exhaust gas treatment plant in accordance with claim 1, in which: a group of traceless movable rubber rings (7) are arranged in the air inlet pipe (21), the traceless movable rubber rings (7) are connected through springs, one traceless movable rubber ring (7) is bonded with the air inlet pipe (21), the other traceless movable rubber ring (7) is in contact with the air inlet pipe (21), and the traceless movable rubber rings (7) are used for adsorbing large-particle dust and ash in coking waste gas.
3. A high efficiency coking exhaust gas treatment plant in accordance with claim 1, in which: the shape of the spray hose (414) is wavy, an arc-shaped soft rod (415) is fixedly connected to one side of the wavy spray hose (414), a sealing head (416) is arranged at one end, close to a spray opening, of the arc-shaped soft rod (415), and the sealing head (416) is used for sealing the spray opening on one side of the spray hose (414) so as to improve the impact force of water.
4. A high efficiency coking exhaust gas treatment plant in accordance with claim 1, in which: the UV photolysis lamp tube (46) is sleeved with a spring, the spring is fixedly connected with the activated carbon filter plate (413), and the spring is used for removing dust and ash residues adhered to the UV photolysis lamp tube (46).
5. A high efficiency coking exhaust gas treatment plant in accordance with claim 4 characterised in that: the spring is close to one side rigid coupling of handling box (1) has brush hair (8), brush hair (8) contact with the lateral wall of handling box (1) at the wobbling in-process of UV photodissociation fluorescent tube (46), and brush hair (8) clear away when contacting with the lateral wall of handling box (1) and handle the adnexed dust and lime-ash on the box (1) lateral wall.
6. A high efficiency coking exhaust gas treatment plant in accordance with claim 5, characterised in that: be equipped with the gasbag between spring and the spring, gasbag adjacent spring rigid coupling respectively, the gasbag is used for preventing that UV photodissociation fluorescent tube (46) from colliding each other when the swing, bounces the water that falls simultaneously.
CN201910073882.7A 2019-01-25 2019-01-25 High efficiency coking exhaust treatment device Active CN109621616B (en)

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DE4406684C2 (en) * 1994-03-01 1996-10-10 Wurz Dieter Flue gas cleaning system and its use
CN102378803A (en) * 2009-04-01 2012-03-14 犹德有限公司 Coking plant with flue gas recirculation
CN203642363U (en) * 2013-10-24 2014-06-11 武汉方元环境科技股份有限公司 Multifunctional photochemical air purifying equipment
CN108014590A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-05-11 山东佳星环保科技有限公司 A kind of energy saving and environment friendly air purifier
CN108325291A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-07-27 莱芜钢铁集团有限公司 A kind of coking emission-control equipment
CN108854380A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-23 湖南图强科技开发有限公司 A kind of high-efficiency environment friendly smoke dust-removing equipment
CN108854430A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-11-23 湖州知辉进出口贸易有限公司 A kind of purification mechanism of air cleaning unit

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4406684C2 (en) * 1994-03-01 1996-10-10 Wurz Dieter Flue gas cleaning system and its use
CN102378803A (en) * 2009-04-01 2012-03-14 犹德有限公司 Coking plant with flue gas recirculation
CN203642363U (en) * 2013-10-24 2014-06-11 武汉方元环境科技股份有限公司 Multifunctional photochemical air purifying equipment
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CN108854380A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-23 湖南图强科技开发有限公司 A kind of high-efficiency environment friendly smoke dust-removing equipment
CN108854430A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-11-23 湖州知辉进出口贸易有限公司 A kind of purification mechanism of air cleaning unit

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