CN109594266A - A kind of textile printing and dyeing process - Google Patents

A kind of textile printing and dyeing process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109594266A
CN109594266A CN201811192203.XA CN201811192203A CN109594266A CN 109594266 A CN109594266 A CN 109594266A CN 201811192203 A CN201811192203 A CN 201811192203A CN 109594266 A CN109594266 A CN 109594266A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dyeing
printing
cloth
textile printing
refining
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811192203.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
袁驰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
XUZHOU HUAAO TEXTILE Co Ltd
Original Assignee
XUZHOU HUAAO TEXTILE Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by XUZHOU HUAAO TEXTILE Co Ltd filed Critical XUZHOU HUAAO TEXTILE Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811192203.XA priority Critical patent/CN109594266A/en
Publication of CN109594266A publication Critical patent/CN109594266A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B21/00Successive treatments of textile materials by liquids, gases or vapours
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B15/00Removing liquids, gases or vapours from textile materials in association with treatment of the materials by liquids, gases or vapours
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B9/00Solvent-treatment of textile materials
    • D06B9/04Successively applying two or more different solvent-based treating materials

Abstract

The present invention relates to printing and dyeing of textile materials technical field, especially a kind of textile printing and dyeing process;Dyeing and printing process is the following steps are included: (1) will carry out debatching on grey cloth uncoiling machine;(2) by the greige cloth end stitching after debatching;(3) fabric is sent into overflow dyeing machine dyeing, refining processing and water washing operations is successively carried out before dyeing;(4) cloth is dehydrated after dyeing, and is put into pretreatment fluid and is reacted 10 minutes, is dehydrated again, the shaping by stretching on scutcher;(5) fixation treatment;(6) after the cloth drying equipment after dyeing is dried, open-width and stack operation are carried out by laying up equipment;It include dehydration during textile printing and dyeing process of the present invention, it is possible to reduce the raffinate of previous process brings next process into, shortens the road washing process process 2-4, improves the ability of cleaning, and achievees the purpose that water conservation, improves printing and dyeing efficiency.

Description

A kind of textile printing and dyeing process
Technical field
The present invention relates to printing and dyeing of textile materials technical field, especially a kind of textile printing and dyeing process.
Background technique
Present cotton printing and dyeing are a kind of technique of comparative maturity, lead to mainly by processes such as dyeing, stamp, final finishing, washings It is rich in color to cross the cotton that above-mentioned technique is printed and dyed out, color fastness is high, and cotton is also able to maintain preferable flexibility after printing and dyeing, but cotton Cloth generally can all generate exhaust gas, waste water after printing and dyeing, pollute environment.In order to solve this problem, it is useless to have invented processing by people The technique and equipment of gas, waste water, but this needs to put into a large amount of manpower and material resources, some enterprises have a heart but no strength, and at this moment people are just Think can be by printing technology, These characteristics ink being imprinted on cotton after making it also and having cotton printing and dyeing, but pass Dyestuff in system printing technology, because its chemical constituent is with technologic reason, will control the qualified discharge of printing technology with auxiliary agent, Clean manufacturing is completed, difficulty is very big, and the vegetalitas based on cotton, it is difficult to chemistry occur with general ink and chemical industry coating Reaction, therefore cannot achieve ink stamp always.
The prior art is disclosed a kind of anhydrous printing environmental protection ink and the application method of the ink, the ink energy and cotton Cloth generates chemical reaction, replaces printing and dyeing with stamp, can reach the color fastness of dyeing and printing process, glossiness and flexibility, but in reality It is found in the operation of border, color fastness generally also only has 3-4, and flexibility is also insufficient.Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of textile printing and dyeing process, using the cotton coloration jail of dyeing and printing process printing and dyeing, glossiness High and pliability is high.
In order to solve the above technical problems, The technical solution adopted by the invention is as follows:
A kind of textile printing and dyeing process, the dyeing and printing process the following steps are included:
(1) debatching will be carried out on grey cloth uncoiling machine;
(2) by the greige cloth end stitching after debatching;
(3) fabric is sent into overflow dyeing machine dyeing, refining processing and water washing operations is successively carried out before dyeing;
(4) cloth is dehydrated after dyeing, and is put into pretreatment fluid and is reacted 10 minutes, is dehydrated again, the shaping by stretching on scutcher;
(5) fixation treatment;
(6) after the cloth drying equipment after dyeing is dried, open-width and stack operation are carried out by laying up equipment.
Further, the refining agent in the refining treatment in the step (3) uses PAW refining agent aqueous solution, the PAW The mass ratio of PAW refining agent and OPE bleeding agent is 6:1 in refining agent aqueous solution, 88-92 DEG C of temperature, time 20-25min, is bathed Than 1:25, the pH of the refining agent aqueous solution is 7-8.
Further, the temperature washed in the step (3) is 50 DEG C.
Further, the temperature of fixation treatment is 55-60 DEG C of temperature, time 35min in the step (5), bath raio 1: 28。
Further, in the step (5) fixation treatment use color fixing agent select aldehyde-free colour stabilizer, tetrabasic carboxylic acid methane, One or more of diethylaminoethyl methacrylate and diallyldimethylammonium chloride.
Further, the aldehyde-free colour stabilizer is chitosan color fixing agent.
It is using the beneficial effect of technical solution of the present invention:
It 1, include dehydration during textile printing and dyeing process of the present invention, it is possible to reduce the raffinate of previous process brings next process into, Shorten the road washing process process 2-4, improve the ability of cleaning, achievees the purpose that water conservation, improves printing and dyeing efficiency.
2, method of the invention changes the way for only taking off a water from pre-treatment-dyeing-post-processing originally, significant to drop It is low to complete the process liquid carrying rate, 25-30% is dropped to from original 100-300%, subsequent wash water burden is reduced in this way, improves washing Ability.
Specific embodiment
The following examples can make those skilled in the art that the present invention be more fully understood, but these embodiments are not Limiting the scope of the invention." one embodiment " or " embodiment " referred to herein, which refers to, may be included in the present invention at least Special characteristic in one implementation, structure or characteristic.In the present specification different places occur " in one embodiment In " the same embodiment not is referred both to, nor the individual or selective embodiment mutually exclusive with other embodiments.
Embodiment 1
A kind of textile printing and dyeing process, the dyeing and printing process the following steps are included:
(1) debatching will be carried out on grey cloth uncoiling machine;
(2) by the greige cloth end stitching after debatching;
(3) fabric is sent into overflow dyeing machine dyeing, refining processing and water washing operations is successively carried out before dyeing;Refining in refining treatment Agent uses PAW refining agent aqueous solution, and the mass ratio of PAW refining agent and OPE bleeding agent is 6:1 in the PAW refining agent aqueous solution, 88-89 DEG C of temperature, time 20min, bath raio 1:25, the pH of the refining agent aqueous solution is 7-7.5;The temperature of washing is 50 ℃;
(4) cloth is dehydrated after dyeing, and is put into pretreatment fluid and is reacted 10 minutes, is dehydrated again, the shaping by stretching on scutcher;
(5) fixation treatment;The temperature of fixation treatment is 55-58 DEG C of temperature, time 35min, bath raio 1:28;Fixation treatment is adopted Color fixing agent selects aldehyde-free colour stabilizer chitosan color fixing agent.
(6) after the cloth drying equipment after dyeing is dried, open-width and stack operation are carried out by laying up equipment.
Embodiment 2
A kind of textile printing and dyeing process, the dyeing and printing process the following steps are included:
(1) debatching will be carried out on grey cloth uncoiling machine;
(2) by the greige cloth end stitching after debatching;
(3) fabric is sent into overflow dyeing machine dyeing, refining processing and water washing operations is successively carried out before dyeing;Refining in refining treatment Agent uses PAW refining agent aqueous solution, and the mass ratio of PAW refining agent and OPE bleeding agent is 6:1 in the PAW refining agent aqueous solution, 89-90 DEG C of temperature, time 20-25min, bath raio 1:25, the pH of the refining agent aqueous solution is 7.2-7.5;The temperature of washing It is 50 DEG C;
(4) cloth is dehydrated after dyeing, and is put into pretreatment fluid and is reacted 10 minutes, is dehydrated again, the shaping by stretching on scutcher;
(5) fixation treatment;The temperature of fixation treatment is 56-58 DEG C of temperature, time 35min, bath raio 1:28;Fixation treatment is adopted Color fixing agent selects tetrabasic carboxylic acid methane;
(6) after the cloth drying equipment after dyeing is dried, open-width and stack operation are carried out by laying up equipment.
Embodiment 3
A kind of textile printing and dyeing process, the dyeing and printing process the following steps are included:
(1) debatching will be carried out on grey cloth uncoiling machine;
(2) by the greige cloth end stitching after debatching;
(3) fabric is sent into overflow dyeing machine dyeing, refining processing and water washing operations is successively carried out before dyeing;Refining in refining treatment Agent uses PAW refining agent aqueous solution, and the mass ratio of PAW refining agent and OPE bleeding agent is 6:1 in the PAW refining agent aqueous solution, 91-92 DEG C of temperature, time 20-25min, bath raio 1:25, the pH of the refining agent aqueous solution is 7.8-8;The temperature of washing is 50℃;
(4) cloth is dehydrated after dyeing, and is put into pretreatment fluid and is reacted 10 minutes, is dehydrated again, the shaping by stretching on scutcher;
(5) fixation treatment;The temperature of fixation treatment is 58-60 DEG C of temperature, time 35min, bath raio 1:28;Fixation treatment is adopted Color fixing agent selects tetrabasic carboxylic acid methane and diallyldimethylammonium chloride mixture, mass ratio 1:2;
(6) after the cloth drying equipment after dyeing is dried, open-width and stack operation are carried out by laying up equipment.
The way for only taking off a water from pre-treatment-dyeing-post-processing originally is changed in embodiment 1-3, is significantly reduced Liquid carrying rate is completed the process, drops to 25-30% from original 100-300%, subsequent wash water burden is reduced in this way, improves washing energy Power.
In conclusion those skilled in the art are it should be understood that invention achieves following purposes: 1, It include dehydration during textile printing and dyeing process of the present invention, it is possible to reduce the raffinate of previous process brings next process into, shortens water The road process flow 2-4 is washed, the ability of cleaning is improved, achievees the purpose that water conservation, improve printing and dyeing efficiency.
2, method of the invention changes the way for only taking off a water from pre-treatment-dyeing-post-processing originally, significant to drop It is low to complete the process liquid carrying rate, 25-30% is dropped to from original 100-300%, subsequent wash water burden is reduced in this way, improves washing Ability.
Taking the above-mentioned ideal embodiment according to the present invention as inspiration, through the above description, relevant staff is complete Various changes and amendments can be carried out without departing from the scope of the technological thought of the present invention' entirely.It is all in essence of the invention Within mind and principle, any modification made, equivalent replacement, improve etc., it should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.This The technical scope of item invention is not limited to the contents of the specification, it is necessary to its technology is determined according to scope of the claims Property range.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of textile printing and dyeing process, it is characterised in that: the dyeing and printing process the following steps are included:
(1) debatching will be carried out on grey cloth uncoiling machine;
(2) by the greige cloth end stitching after debatching;
(3) fabric is sent into overflow dyeing machine dyeing, refining processing and water washing operations is successively carried out before dyeing;
(4) cloth is dehydrated after dyeing, and is put into pretreatment fluid and is reacted 10 minutes, is dehydrated again, the shaping by stretching on scutcher;
(5) fixation treatment;
(6) after the cloth drying equipment after dyeing is dried, open-width and stack operation are carried out by laying up equipment.
2. a kind of textile printing and dyeing process according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the refining treatment in the step (3) In refining agent use PAW refining agent aqueous solution, the quality of PAW refining agent and OPE bleeding agent in the PAW refining agent aqueous solution Than for 6:1,88-92 DEG C of temperature, time 20-25min, bath raio 1:25, the pH of the refining agent aqueous solution is 7-8.
3. a kind of textile printing and dyeing process according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the temperature washed in the step (3) It is 50 DEG C.
4. a kind of textile printing and dyeing process according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: fixation treatment in the step (5) Temperature is 55-60 DEG C of temperature, time 35min, bath raio 1:28.
5. a kind of textile printing and dyeing process according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: fixation treatment is adopted in the step (5) Color fixing agent selects aldehyde-free colour stabilizer, tetrabasic carboxylic acid methane, diethylaminoethyl methacrylate and diallydimethyl chlorine Change one or more of ammonium.
6. a kind of textile printing and dyeing process according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the aldehyde-free colour stabilizer is solid for chitosan Toner.
CN201811192203.XA 2018-10-12 2018-10-12 A kind of textile printing and dyeing process Pending CN109594266A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811192203.XA CN109594266A (en) 2018-10-12 2018-10-12 A kind of textile printing and dyeing process

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811192203.XA CN109594266A (en) 2018-10-12 2018-10-12 A kind of textile printing and dyeing process

Publications (1)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104213349A (en) * 2014-08-14 2014-12-17 浙江航民股份有限公司 TR cloth desizing refining and dispersed dyeing-bath dyeing production method
CN104213434A (en) * 2014-08-14 2014-12-17 浙江航民股份有限公司 Production method for outside pasting product pretreatment and cationic dye one-bath process dyeing
CN104975518A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-14 长兴永鑫纺织印染有限公司 Textile printing and dyeing technology
CN106958152A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-07-18 杭州澳美印染有限公司 A kind of brocade/bafta defeathering and the bath process of reactive dyeing one
CN108691219A (en) * 2017-04-06 2018-10-23 浙江嘉华印染有限公司 A kind of textile printing and dyeing process

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104213349A (en) * 2014-08-14 2014-12-17 浙江航民股份有限公司 TR cloth desizing refining and dispersed dyeing-bath dyeing production method
CN104213434A (en) * 2014-08-14 2014-12-17 浙江航民股份有限公司 Production method for outside pasting product pretreatment and cationic dye one-bath process dyeing
CN104975518A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-14 长兴永鑫纺织印染有限公司 Textile printing and dyeing technology
CN106958152A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-07-18 杭州澳美印染有限公司 A kind of brocade/bafta defeathering and the bath process of reactive dyeing one
CN108691219A (en) * 2017-04-06 2018-10-23 浙江嘉华印染有限公司 A kind of textile printing and dyeing process

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