CN109579807B - Leveling adjusting device suitable for multi-terrain mapping and mounting method thereof - Google Patents

Leveling adjusting device suitable for multi-terrain mapping and mounting method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109579807B
CN109579807B CN201811632156.6A CN201811632156A CN109579807B CN 109579807 B CN109579807 B CN 109579807B CN 201811632156 A CN201811632156 A CN 201811632156A CN 109579807 B CN109579807 B CN 109579807B
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panel
bottom plate
adjusting screw
arc
inner cylinder
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CN109579807A (en
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菅浩然
刘洪波
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Yellow River Conservancy Technical Institute
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Yellow River Conservancy Technical Institute
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C15/00Surveying instruments or accessories not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C13/00

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  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Radar, Positioning & Navigation (AREA)
  • Remote Sensing (AREA)
  • Tables And Desks Characterized By Structural Shape (AREA)
  • Floor Finish (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a leveling adjusting device suitable for multi-terrain mapping and an installation method thereof, and solves the technical problems that an existing bracket for mapping equipment is too simple, is difficult to fix when encountering slopes and the like, and is difficult to ensure levelness. The invention comprises a base, wherein the base is provided with supporting legs, the supporting legs are provided with a bottom plate, and the bottom plate is provided with a panel; the panel on be equipped with a plurality of sections arc grooves, be equipped with the locating hole in the arc groove, the bottom plate on be equipped with adjusting screw, adjusting screw lower extreme and bottom plate threaded connection, the upper end stretches into in the locating hole. The invention adopts a two-section leveling mode, firstly performs primary leveling on the panel through the base, and then performs secondary leveling through the structure between the panel and the bottom plate, thereby ensuring the level of the panel and being applicable to the requirements of various instruments on the horizontal plane.

Description

Leveling adjusting device suitable for multi-terrain mapping and mounting method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of civil construction, in particular to a leveling adjusting device suitable for multi-terrain mapping and an installation method thereof.
Background
In the civil construction field, many workers need to carry out field operation, such as field investigation, field construction and the like, and many equipment and instruments are needed, and some equipment and instruments must be horizontally placed to ensure normal use, especially surveying and mapping, monitoring devices and the like with high levelness requirements. However, the field topography is complex, the topography is changeable, and it is difficult to ensure that the site to be mapped is exactly a flat land so as to facilitate placement of mapping equipment. At present, a leveling device for surveying and mapping equipment is a simple support, the upper surface of the support is adjusted to be in a horizontal state by locally taking materials, but the support is too simple, is not well fixed when encountering a slope and the like, and is difficult to ensure the levelness of the support.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problems that the existing support for surveying and mapping equipment is too simple, is difficult to fix when encountering slopes and the like, and is difficult to ensure levelness, and provides a leveling adjusting device which is simple in structure and convenient to use and is suitable for multi-terrain surveying and mapping and an installation method thereof.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: the leveling adjusting device suitable for multi-terrain mapping comprises a base, wherein the base is provided with supporting legs, the supporting legs are provided with bottom plates, and the bottom plates are provided with panels; the panel on be equipped with a plurality of sections arc grooves, be equipped with the locating hole in the arc groove, the bottom plate on be equipped with adjusting screw, adjusting screw lower extreme and bottom plate threaded connection, the upper end stretches into in the locating hole.
The arc-shaped groove has three sections, three positioning holes are arranged in each section of arc-shaped groove, and three adjusting screws are arranged on the bottom plate in a matched manner with the three positioning holes.
The bottom plate on be equipped with the taper groove, the panel on be equipped with the toper post, taper groove and toper post cooperate.
Be equipped with between the adjacent base and support the cardboard, the base on be equipped with the draw-in groove, support cardboard both ends and be equipped with the limiting plate, limiting plate and draw-in groove cooperate.
The base include outer loop, inner tube and landing leg, the inner tube include a plurality of arc, the outer loop include annular bottom plate and annular apron, annular bottom plate and annular apron looks lock, annular bottom plate upper portion be equipped with T type groove, be connected through the connecting rod between arc and the annular bottom plate, connecting rod one end fix on the arc, the other end is equipped with the baffle, the baffle stretches into T type inslot, the cover is equipped with the spring on the baffle, spring one end is fixed on the arc, the other end pastes on the inner wall of annular bottom plate.
The upper part of the inner cylinder is provided with a screw cap, and the inner side surface of the screw cap is in threaded fit with the outer side surface of the inner cylinder.
The outer surface of the supporting leg is in threaded fit with the inner surface of the inner cylinder; the front side surface of the thread on the outer surface of the supporting leg is an inclined surface, and the rear side surface is a straight surface or an inclined surface with the gradient smaller than that of the front side surface.
The T-shaped groove comprises an inner groove and a channel groove, and the outer diameter of the spring is larger than the inner diameter of the channel groove.
The width of the inner groove is larger than that of the baffle.
The annular bottom plate below be equipped with the toper pole, be equipped with T type hole on the lateral wall of annular bottom plate, toper pole upper portion be equipped with T shape head, the interior profile in T type hole cooperatees with the outline of T shape head.
A method of installing a leveling adjustment mechanism for use in multi-terrain mapping, comprising the steps of: (1) and (3) installing a conical rod: the conical rod is arranged on the outer ring, the outer ring is applied with force, and the conical rod is driven into the ground; (2) and (3) mounting supporting legs: when the supporting legs are installed, the supporting legs are directly inserted into the inner cylinder; (3) screwing a silk cap: moving the silk cap to the upper part of the inner cylinder, and screwing the silk cap on the inner cylinder; (4) height adjustment: after the screw cap is screwed, the supporting legs are screwed outwards according to the requirement, and the height is adjusted to the required height;
(5) mounting floor and panel: placing the bottom plate on the supporting leg, covering the panel on the bottom plate, and extending the upper end of the adjusting screw into the arc-shaped groove, and rotating the panel until the upper end of the adjusting screw is just clamped into the positioning hole; the arrangement of the arc-shaped groove plays a role in limiting and guiding the butt joint of the panel and the bottom plate;
(6) trimming panels: after the upper end of the adjusting screw is clamped into the positioning hole, whether the upper part of the panel is horizontal or not is checked, the adjusting screw is screwed according to the checking result, the adjusting screw is screwed out upwards or downwards, and the height of the upper part of the panel corresponding to the adjusting screw is correspondingly adjusted. The circumferences of the three sections of arc grooves are uniformly distributed below the surface of the panel, so that any adjusting screw corresponding to the positioning holes in each section of arc groove is contacted with the panel, the panel can be supported, the other two sections of arc grooves play a role in adjusting, and when the panel is observed to be lower in a certain direction, one adjusting screw in the other two sections of arc grooves is screwed to jack up the panel corresponding to the upper part of the panel. The adjustment is quick and convenient.
Before the supporting leg in the step (2) is inserted into the inner cylinder, the spring is in an original state, when the supporting leg is inserted into the inner cylinder, the arc-shaped plate moves backwards, and the spring is compressed; after the supporting legs are inserted into the inner cylinder, the springs rebound, so that the arc plates are combined into the inner cylinder.
The invention adopts the inner cylinder formed by a plurality of arc plates as the adjusting cylinder of the base, is convenient and quick to install, and the outer ring is driven into the ground through the conical rod when fixed, disperses stress, and is firm and firm to install; the two-section leveling mode is adopted, the panel is primarily leveled through the base, the panel is leveled again through the structure between the panel and the bottom plate, the level of the panel is ensured, and the leveling device is applicable to the requirements of various instruments on the horizontal plane.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the bottom structure of the panel of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of the base plate of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the base structure of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a partial enlarged structure of the base of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the upper surface structure of the annular base plate of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the lower surface structure of the annular base plate of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the configuration of the invention where the tapered rod mates with the annular base plate.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 8, a leveling adjustment device suitable for multi-terrain mapping comprises a base 1, wherein a supporting leg 2 is arranged on the base 1, a bottom plate 3 is arranged on the supporting leg 2, and a panel 4 is arranged on the bottom plate 3; the panel 4 on be equipped with a plurality of sections arc grooves 42, be equipped with locating hole 43 in the arc groove 42, bottom plate 3 on be equipped with adjusting screw 32, adjusting screw 32 lower extreme and bottom plate 3 threaded connection, the upper end stretches into in the locating hole 43.
The arc-shaped groove 42 has three sections, three positioning holes 43 are arranged in each section of arc-shaped groove 42, and three adjusting screws 32 are arranged on the bottom plate 3 in a matched mode with the three positioning holes 43. When the adjusting screw 32 is used, the panel 4 is covered on the bottom plate, the upper end of the adjusting screw 32 stretches into the arc-shaped groove 42, at the moment, the panel 4 is rotated until the upper end of the adjusting screw 32 is just clamped into the positioning hole 43, and the arc-shaped groove 42 plays a role in limiting and guiding the butt joint of the panel 4 and the bottom plate 3; after the upper end of the adjusting screw 32 is clamped into the positioning hole 43, whether the upper part of the panel is horizontal or not is checked, the adjusting screw 32 is screwed according to the checking result, the adjusting screw 32 is screwed up or down, and the height of the upper part of the panel corresponding to the adjusting screw 32 is correspondingly adjusted. The circumferences of the three sections of arc grooves 42 are uniformly distributed below the panel, so that any one adjusting screw 32 corresponding to the positioning holes 43 in each section of arc groove is ensured to be in contact with the panel, the panel can be supported, the other two adjusting screws play a role in adjusting, and when the panel is observed to be lower in a certain direction, one adjusting screw 32 in the other two adjusting screws is screwed to jack up the panel corresponding to the upper part of the panel. The adjustment is quick and convenient.
The bottom plate 3 is provided with a conical groove 31, the panel 4 is provided with a conical column 41, and the conical groove 31 is matched with the conical column 41. The cooperation of the conical groove 31 and the conical column 41 is used for preliminary positioning of the panel 4, after positioning, the conical column plays a supporting role on the panel, and at the moment, the panel is rotated until the positioning hole 43 is matched with the adjusting screw 32, so that the panel can be realized only by slightly rotating the panel by an operator, and time and labor are saved.
A supporting clamping plate 19 is arranged between the adjacent bases 1, clamping grooves 151 are formed in the bases 1, limiting plates 152 are arranged at two ends of the supporting clamping plate 19, and the limiting plates 152 are matched with the clamping grooves 151. The arrangement of the supporting clamping plate 19 increases the firmness between the adjacent bases, prevents the single base from being inclined, adopts a structure that the limiting plate 152 is matched with the clamping groove 151, and is simple in installation and convenient in disassembly.
The base 1 include outer loop 11, inner tube 12 and landing leg 2, inner tube 12 include a plurality of arc 121, outer loop 11 include annular bottom plate 15 and annular apron 18, annular bottom plate 15 and annular apron 18 looks lock, annular bottom plate 15 upper portion be equipped with T type groove 111, be connected through connecting rod 13 between arc 121 and the annular bottom plate 15, connecting rod 13 one end fix on arc 121, the other end is equipped with baffle 131, baffle 131 stretches into in the T type groove 111, the cover is equipped with spring 14 on the baffle 131, spring 14 one end is fixed on arc 121, the other end pastes on the inner wall of annular bottom plate 15.
The upper part of the inner cylinder 12 is provided with a screw cap 16, and the inner side surface of the screw cap 16 is in threaded fit with the outer side surface of the inner cylinder 12. The screw cap 16 is sleeved on the supporting leg 2 and can move freely on the supporting leg 2, and when the supporting leg 2 is installed on the inner barrel 12 in place, the screw cap is screwed on the inner barrel 12 to prevent loosening among a plurality of arc plates of the inner barrel.
The outer surface of the supporting leg 2 is in threaded fit with the inner surface of the inner barrel 12; the front side surface of the thread on the outer surface of the supporting leg 2 is an inclined surface, and the rear side surface is a straight surface or an inclined surface with a gradient smaller than that of the front side surface. During installation, the supporting leg 2 is directly inserted into the inner cylinder, the supporting leg 2 is used for expanding a plurality of arc plates of the inner cylinder, the supporting leg extends to the bottom of the inner cylinder, the wire cap 16 is screwed on the inner cylinder, and then the supporting leg is screwed upwards to a proper height according to requirements.
The T-shaped groove 111 includes an inner groove 1111 and a channel groove 1112, and the outer diameter of the spring 14 is greater than the inner diameter of the channel groove 1112. The spring 14 cannot penetrate into the channel groove 1112.
The width of the inner groove 1111 is greater than the width of the baffle 131. Ensuring that the baffle has some room to move in the inner tank 1111 but does not come out of the inner tank 1111.
The lower part of the annular bottom plate 15 is provided with a conical rod 17, the side wall of the annular bottom plate 15 is provided with a T-shaped hole 112, the upper part of the conical rod 17 is provided with a T-shaped head 171, and the inner contour of the T-shaped hole 112 is matched with the outer contour of the T-shaped head 171. In installation, the tapered rod 17 is pushed sideways into the T-shaped bore 112 of the outer ring, and the tapered rod 17 is driven into the ground. The tapered rod 17 is arranged like a few claws of the outer ring, firmly fixing the outer ring to the ground. The support legs do not need to be buried on the ground by digging holes, burying depths and the like on the ground, so that the workload is greatly reduced.
A method of installing a leveling adjustment mechanism for use in multi-terrain mapping, comprising the steps of: (1) mounting a conical rod 17: the conical rod 17 is arranged on the outer ring 11, the outer ring is applied with force, and the conical rod 17 is driven into the ground; (2) and (3) mounting supporting legs: when the support legs are installed, the support legs are directly inserted into the inner cylinder 12; (3) screw on the screw cap 16: moving the wire cap to the upper portion of the inner cylinder 12, and screwing the wire cap 16 onto the inner cylinder; (4) height adjustment: after the screw cap 16 is screwed, the legs are screwed outwards as required and adjusted to the required height.
(5) Mounting base plate 3 and panel 4: placing the bottom plate 3 on the supporting legs, covering the panel 4 on the bottom plate, and extending the upper end of the adjusting screw 32 into the arc-shaped groove 42, and rotating the panel 4 until the upper end of the adjusting screw 32 is just clamped into the positioning hole 43; the arrangement of the arc-shaped groove 42 plays a role in limiting and guiding the butt joint of the panel 4 and the bottom plate 3;
(6) trimming panels: after the upper end of the adjusting screw 32 is clamped into the positioning hole 43, whether the upper part of the panel is horizontal or not is checked, the adjusting screw 32 is screwed according to the checking result, the adjusting screw 32 is screwed up or down, and the height of the upper part of the panel corresponding to the adjusting screw 32 is correspondingly adjusted. The circumferences of the three sections of arc grooves 42 are uniformly distributed below the surface of the panel, so that the contact of any one adjusting screw rod 32 corresponding to the positioning holes 43 in each section of arc groove with the panel can realize the supporting effect of the panel, the other two play a role in adjusting, and when the panel is observed to be lower in a certain direction, the other two adjusting screws 32 are screwed to jack up the panel corresponding to the upper part of the panel. The adjustment is quick and convenient.
Before the supporting leg in the step (2) is inserted into the inner cylinder, the spring is in an original state, when the supporting leg is inserted into the inner cylinder, the arc-shaped plate 121 moves backwards, and the spring is compressed; after the legs are inserted into the inner barrel, the springs spring back, causing the arcuate plates 121 to merge into the inner barrel. According to the invention, rough leveling of the panel is finished on the base, and after the supporting legs are adjusted, the floor and the panel are installed, so that accurate leveling of the panel is finished.

Claims (1)

1. Leveling adjusting device suitable for many topography survey and drawing usefulness, its characterized in that: the novel multifunctional electric bicycle comprises a base (1), wherein supporting legs (2) are arranged on the base (1), a bottom plate (3) is arranged on the supporting legs (2), and a panel (4) is arranged on the bottom plate (3); the panel (4) is provided with a plurality of arc-shaped grooves (42), positioning holes (43) are formed in the arc-shaped grooves (42), the bottom plate (3) is provided with an adjusting screw (32), the lower end of the adjusting screw (32) is in threaded connection with the bottom plate (3), and the upper end of the adjusting screw extends into the positioning holes (43);
the arc-shaped groove (42) is provided with three sections, three positioning holes (43) are formed in each section of arc-shaped groove (42), and three adjusting screws (32) are arranged on the bottom plate (3) in a matched mode with the three positioning holes (43);
the bottom plate (3) is provided with a conical groove (31), the panel (4) is provided with a conical column (41), and the conical groove (31) is matched with the conical column (41);
a supporting clamping plate (19) is arranged between the adjacent bases (1), clamping grooves (151) are formed in the bases (1), limiting plates (152) are arranged at two ends of the supporting clamping plate (19), and the limiting plates (152) are matched with the clamping grooves (151);
the base (1) comprises an outer ring (11) and an inner cylinder (12), the inner cylinder (12) comprises a plurality of arc plates (121), the outer ring (11) comprises an annular bottom plate (15) and an annular cover plate (18), the annular bottom plate (15) and the annular cover plate (18) are buckled, a T-shaped groove (111) is formed in the upper portion of the annular bottom plate (15), the arc plates (121) are connected with the annular bottom plate (15) through connecting rods (13), one ends of the connecting rods (13) are fixed on the arc plates (121), baffle plates (131) are arranged at the other ends of the connecting rods, the baffle plates (131) extend into the T-shaped groove (111), springs (14) are sleeved on the baffle plates (131), one ends of the springs (14) are fixed on the arc plates (121), and the other ends of the springs are attached to the inner wall of the annular bottom plate (15);
the upper part of the inner cylinder (12) is provided with a screw cap (16), and the inner side surface of the screw cap (16) is in threaded fit with the outer side surface of the inner cylinder (12);
the outer surface of the supporting leg (2) is in threaded fit with the inner surface of the inner barrel (12); the front side surface of the screw thread on the outer surface of the supporting leg (2) is an inclined surface, and the rear side surface is a straight surface or an inclined surface with a gradient smaller than that of the front side surface;
a conical rod (17) is arranged below the annular bottom plate (15), a T-shaped hole (112) is formed in the side wall of the annular bottom plate (15), a T-shaped head (171) is arranged on the upper part of the conical rod (17), and the inner contour of the T-shaped hole (112) is matched with the outer contour of the T-shaped head (171);
the installation method of the leveling adjusting device suitable for multi-terrain mapping comprises the following steps:
(1) mounting a conical rod (17): the conical rod (17) is arranged on the outer ring (11), the outer ring is applied with force, and the conical rod (17) is driven into the ground;
(2) and (3) mounting supporting legs: when the support legs are installed, the support legs are directly inserted into the inner cylinder (12);
(3) screwing on the screw cap (16): moving the silk cap to the upper part of the inner cylinder (12), and screwing the silk cap (16) on the inner cylinder;
(4) height adjustment: after the silk cap (16) is screwed, the supporting legs are screwed outwards according to the requirement, and the height is adjusted to the required height;
(5) mounting base plate (3) and panel (4): placing the bottom plate (3) on the supporting leg, covering the panel (4) on the bottom plate, and extending the upper end of the adjusting screw (32) into the arc-shaped groove (42), and rotating the panel (4) until the upper end of the adjusting screw (32) is just clamped into the positioning hole (43);
(6) trimming panels: after the upper end of the adjusting screw rod (32) is clamped into the positioning hole (43), checking whether the upper part of the panel is horizontal, screwing the adjusting screw rod (32) according to the checking result, screwing the adjusting screw rod (32) upwards or downwards, and correspondingly adjusting the height of the upper part of the panel corresponding to the adjusting screw rod (32);
before the supporting leg in the step (2) is inserted into the inner cylinder, the spring is in an original state, when the supporting leg is inserted into the inner cylinder, the arc-shaped plate (121) moves backwards, and the spring is compressed; after the supporting leg is inserted into the inner cylinder, the spring rebounds to enable the arc-shaped plate (121) to be combined into the inner cylinder;
the conical groove (31) and the conical column (41) are matched to perform preliminary positioning on the panel (4), the conical column plays a role in supporting the panel (4), and the panel (4) is rotated to a positioning hole (43) to be matched with the adjusting screw (32);
three sections arc wall (42) circumference evenly distributed is in panel (4) lower surface, and arbitrary one adjusting screw (32) that locating hole (43) in every section arc wall (42) corresponds can realize the supporting of panel (4) with panel (4) contact, and two other adjusting screw (32) that locating hole (43) in every section arc wall (42) correspond play the regulating action, when observing that panel (4) a certain position is low, screw up in two other adjusting screw (32) a certain adjusting screw (32) with its upper portion panel (4) jack-up that corresponds can.
CN201811632156.6A 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 Leveling adjusting device suitable for multi-terrain mapping and mounting method thereof Active CN109579807B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN109579807B true CN109579807B (en) 2024-01-26

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111442160A (en) * 2020-02-18 2020-07-24 南京奥新可工程科技有限公司 Measuring device based on land survey
CN114872169B (en) * 2022-04-21 2023-11-14 中建八局第二建设有限公司 Leveling assembly and prefabricated track beam template manufacturing device

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