CN109546956A - Photovoltaic panel protective device - Google Patents

Photovoltaic panel protective device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109546956A
CN109546956A CN201811612083.4A CN201811612083A CN109546956A CN 109546956 A CN109546956 A CN 109546956A CN 201811612083 A CN201811612083 A CN 201811612083A CN 109546956 A CN109546956 A CN 109546956A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
photovoltaic panel
shaft
protective net
net frame
protective device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201811612083.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109546956B (en
Inventor
赵建光
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hebei Institute of Mechanical and Electrical technology
Original Assignee
Hebei Institute of Mechanical and Electrical technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hebei Institute of Mechanical and Electrical technology filed Critical Hebei Institute of Mechanical and Electrical technology
Priority to CN201811612083.4A priority Critical patent/CN109546956B/en
Publication of CN109546956A publication Critical patent/CN109546956A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109546956B publication Critical patent/CN109546956B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of photovoltaic panel protective devices, belong to electric power photovoltaic technology field, are used to be mounted on the top on roof including mounting rack, positioned at the upper end of photovoltaic panel;Reel is fixed on mounting rack, and side is equipped with opening;Axial rotation setting of the shaft along reel;Motor is rotated for drive shaft;The upper end of protective net frame is fixing end, and lower end is movable end, and fixing end is fixed on mounting rack, the telescopic top for being set to photovoltaic panel of movable end, protects photovoltaic panel for being covered on above photovoltaic panel;Driving mechanism is located at the side of photovoltaic panel, is rotatably assorted with shaft, for driving the movable end of protective net frame flexible;By being open in the shaft being fixedly installed in reel, the movable end of lower end and protective net frame is connected for the upper end of waterproof cloth, protects photovoltaic panel in the top of protective net frame for covering.Photovoltaic panel protective device provided by the invention solves the problems, such as that photovoltaic panel is damaged because impacting by rainwater, high wind or hail.

Description

Photovoltaic panel protective device
Technical field
The invention belongs to electric power photovoltaic technology field, are to be related to a kind of photovoltaic panel protective device more specifically.
Background technique
Photovoltaic panel is the power generator that a kind of exposure will generate direct current in the sun, by almost all with semiconductor object Thin body solid photovoltaic cell composition made of material.Simple photovoltaic cell can provide the energy for wrist-watch and computer, more complex Photovoltaic system can provide illumination for house, and power for power grid.
Roof is commonly known as the photovoltaic generating system for being attached to building using photovoltaic panel, but this photovoltaic panel is usually put It sets in outdoor, it is difficult to pack up, be easily damaged after collecting sundries impact or hail impact by raindrop erosion, high wind volume for a long time.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of photovoltaic panel protective devices, it is intended to solve the photovoltaic panel that roof uses, for a long time By raindrop erosion, the collection sundries impact of high wind volume or hail impact, the problem of being easily damaged.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that: a kind of photovoltaic panel protective device is provided, comprising:
Mounting rack, for being installed on the top on roof, positioned at the upper end of photovoltaic panel;
Reel is fixed on the mounting rack, and side is equipped with opening;
Shaft, along the axial rotation setting of the reel;
Motor, for driving the shaft to rotate;
Protective net frame, upper end are fixing end, and lower end is movable end, and fixing end is fixed on the mounting rack, activity The telescopic top for being set to photovoltaic panel is held, protects photovoltaic panel for being covered on above photovoltaic panel;
Driving mechanism is rotatably assorted positioned at the side of photovoltaic panel with the shaft, for driving the institute of the protective net frame It is flexible to state movable end;And
Waterproof cloth, upper end is by the way that in the shaft for being open and being fixedly installed in the reel, lower end is prevented with described The movable end of protective net frame connects, and protects photovoltaic panel in the top of the protective net frame for covering.
Further, the driving mechanism includes:
The side of photovoltaic panel is arranged in along the telescopic direction of the protective net frame for lead screw, is mutually perpendicular to the shaft;
Sliding block is rotatably arranged on the lead screw, and is fixedly connected with the movable end of the protective net frame;And
Serial verb construction, is arranged in the upper end of the lead screw, and the shaft drives the lead screw edge by the serial verb construction Axial rotation.
Further, the serial verb construction includes:
First bevel gear is fixed in the shaft, coaxial with the shaft;And
Second bevel gear is fixed at one end of the lead screw, coaxial with the lead screw, and with first bevel gear Intermeshing;
The axial direction of the shaft is converted by first bevel gear and second bevel gear engagement cooperation The axial rotation of the lead screw.
Further, the quantity of the driving mechanism be two, positioned at the two sides of the photovoltaic panel, respectively with the shaft It is rotatably assorted, it is mobile for the synchronous movable end for driving the protective net frame.
Further, the protective net frame includes:
Fender rod, quantity be it is multiple, be arranged in parallel with the shaft;And
Connection frame, quantity be it is multiple, both ends are hingedly connected on the adjacent fender rod, for drive it is adjacent described in Fender rod close to or far from.
Further, the connection frame includes:
First connecting rod, one end are articulated on the fender rod;
Second connecting rod, one end are articulated on the adjacent fender rod;And the other end is hingedly set with the first connecting rod It sets.
Further, the protective net frame further include:
Guide rod, quantity are two, are mutually perpendicular to positioned at the left and right sides of photovoltaic panel, and with the fender rod;And
Fixing sleeve is fixedly installed on the both ends of the fender rod, is slidably arranged along the guide rod.
Further, the photovoltaic panel protective device further include:
Elastic shelf, upper end are fixedly installed on the movable end of the protective net frame, and
The lower end of the elastic shelf is arranged in clearer, for cleaning photovoltaic plate surface;
The clearer is pressed in photovoltaic panel by the elastic shelf.
Further, the elastic shelf includes:
Connector sleeve, quantity are two, are fixed at the lower end two sides of the movable end of the protective net frame, the clearer Both ends be rotatably dispose in two connector sleeves;And
Elastic pressure bar, telescopic to be set in the connector sleeve along the length direction of the connector sleeve, being used for will be clear Clean roller is pressed in photovoltaic plate surface.
The beneficial effect of photovoltaic panel protective device provided by the invention is: compared with prior art, photovoltaic panel of the present invention Protective device, driving mechanism are rotatably assorted with shaft, and shaft rotates under motor driven, and shaft is driven by driving mechanism and protected The movable end of rack is flexible along the short transverse of tripod.When encountering rainfall and hail, motor-driven rotatable shaft rotation, shaft is led to Mechanism of overdriving driving protective net frame extends downwards along tripod, meanwhile, the movable end of protective net frame from the opening of reel to Outer pull-out waterproof cloth, is covered in photovoltaic panel, and waterproof cloth can avoid the photovoltaic panel that drenches with rain, and protective frame net can provide skeleton for waterproof cloth Support, when avoiding the occurrence of bad weather, as bulky grain hail or high wind volume collect sundries by waterproof cloth shock photovoltaic panel, or by force Wind blows waterproof cloth, and waterproof cloth acutely shakes friction photovoltaic plate surface, keeps it impaired, avoids the photovoltaic panel used on roof, answer The problem of impacting, and damaging by raindrop erosion or hail for a long time.
Detailed description of the invention
It to describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, below will be to embodiment or description of the prior art Needed in attached drawing be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only of the invention some Embodiment for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also be attached according to these Figure obtains other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of photovoltaic panel protective device provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is A direction view in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the enlarged view in Fig. 1 at B;
Fig. 4 is the enlarged view in Fig. 1 at C;
Fig. 5 is the enlarged view in Fig. 2 at D;
Fig. 6 is the elastic shelf of photovoltaic panel protective device provided in an embodiment of the present invention and the structural schematic diagram of clearer.
In figure: 1, mounting rack;2, reel;21, it is open;3, shaft;4, motor;5, protective net frame;51, fender rod;52, even Connect frame;521, first connecting rod;522, the second connecting rod;53, guide rod;54, fixing sleeve;6, driving mechanism;61, lead screw;62, Sliding block;63, serial verb construction;631, the first bevel gear;632, the second bevel gear;7, waterproof cloth;8, elastic shelf;81, connector sleeve; 82, elastic pressure bar;9, clearer;10, photovoltaic panel.
Specific embodiment
In order to which technical problems, technical solutions and advantages to be solved are more clearly understood, tie below Accompanying drawings and embodiments are closed, the present invention will be described in further detail.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only To explain the present invention, it is not intended to limit the present invention.
Now photovoltaic panel protective device provided by the invention is illustrated.Please refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 5, photovoltaic panel protective device, Including mounting rack 1, reel 2, shaft 3, motor 4, protective net frame 5, driving mechanism 6 and waterproof cloth 7.
Mounting rack 1 is used to be mounted on the top on roof, positioned at the upper end of photovoltaic panel 10;Reel 2 is fixed at mounting rack 1 On, side is equipped with opening 21;Axial rotation setting of the shaft 3 along reel 2;Motor 4 is rotated for drive shaft 3;Protective net frame 5 Upper end be fixing end, lower end is movable end, and fixing end is fixed on mounting rack 1, and movable end is telescopic to be set to light Photovoltaic panel 10 is protected for being covered on above photovoltaic panel 10 in the top for lying prostrate plate 10;Driving mechanism 6 is located at the side of photovoltaic panel 10, It is rotatably assorted with shaft 3, for driving the movable end of protective net frame 5 flexible;The upper end of waterproof cloth 7 passes through 21 fixed setting of opening In in the shaft 3 in reel 2, lower end is connect with the movable end of protective net frame 5, for covering in the protection of the top of protective net frame 5 Photovoltaic panel 10.
Better lighting effect in order to obtain is installed, by photovoltaic panel when installing photovoltaic panel 10 on roof by tripod 10 are installed on the side that tripod faces south, and the inclination of photovoltaic panel 10 is made to face south.Mounting rack 1 is L bracket, is bolted installation High point in roof, positioned at the top of photovoltaic panel 10, reel 2 is cylindrical barrel structure, and the upper end of mounting rack 1 is welded with connection Plate, 2 level of reel are fixedly welded on connecting plate, and the side wall of reel 2 offers opening 21 along its length, and be open 21 directions The side of photovoltaic panel 10, positioned at the top of photovoltaic panel 10, and the direction of opening 21 and the laying face of photovoltaic panel 10 are parallel.
It is rotatably equipped with shaft 3 axially through bearing along it in reel 2, the two sidewalls of reel 2 are run through at 3 both ends of shaft, turn The driving end of one end connection motor 4 for being pierced by reel 2 of axis 3, the other end are rotatablely installed in the outside of roller by bearing block, are prevented The upper end of waterproof cloth 7 is fixed in the shaft 3 in reel 2 by opening 21 using screw or buckle.Protective net frame 5 is located at photovoltaic Between plate 10 and waterproof cloth 7, the upper end of protective net frame 5 is fixing end, is installed on mounting rack 1 by U-shaped card, under protective frame End is movable end, is fixedly connected with the lower end of waterproof cloth 7.
Driving mechanism 6 is rotatably assorted with shaft 3, and shaft 3 is rotated by motor 4, and shaft 3 passes through 6 band of driving mechanism The movable end of dynamic protective net frame 5 is flexible along the short transverse of tripod.When encountering rainfall and hail, 3 turns of 4 drive shaft of motor Dynamic, shaft 3 drives protective net frame 5 to extend downwards along tripod by driving mechanism 6, meanwhile, the movable end of protective net frame 5 is from volume Waterproof cloth 7 is pulled out at the opening 21 of cylinder 2, is covered in photovoltaic panel 10, waterproof cloth 7 can avoid the photovoltaic panel 10 that drenches with rain, protection Frame net can provide skeletal support for waterproof cloth 7, when avoiding the occurrence of bad weather, as bulky grain hail hits light by waterproof cloth 7 Plate 10 is lied prostrate, high wind blows waterproof cloth 7, and waterproof cloth 7 acutely shakes friction 10 surface of photovoltaic panel, keeps it impaired.After weather improves, Motor 4 rotates backward, and protective net frame 5 is shunk, while shaft 3 stores waterproof cloth 7 to reel 2.
Photovoltaic panel protective device provided by the invention, compared with prior art, photovoltaic panel protective device of the present invention, driving machine Structure 6 is rotatably assorted with shaft 3, and shaft 3 is rotated by motor 4, and shaft 3 drives the work of protective net frame 5 by driving mechanism 6 Moved end is flexible along the short transverse of tripod.When encountering rainfall and hail, 4 drive shaft 3 of motor rotation, shaft 3 passes through drive Motivation structure 6 drives protective net frame 5 to extend downwards along tripod, meanwhile, the movable end of protective net frame 5 is from the opening 21 of reel 2 Waterproof cloth 7 is pulled out, is covered in photovoltaic panel 10, waterproof cloth 7 can avoid the photovoltaic panel 10 that drenches with rain, and protective frame net can be waterproof cloth 7 provide skeletal support, when avoiding the occurrence of bad weather, as bulky grain hail or high wind volume collection sundries pass through the shock light of waterproof cloth 7 Volt plate 10 or high wind blow waterproof cloth 7, and waterproof cloth 7 acutely shakes friction 10 surface of photovoltaic panel, keep it impaired, avoid roof On the photovoltaic panel 10 that uses, the problem of should impacting, and damage by raindrop erosion or hail for a long time.
As a kind of specific embodiment of the invention, Fig. 1 to Fig. 5 is please referred to, driving mechanism 6 includes lead screw 61, sliding block 62 and serial verb construction 63.
The side of photovoltaic panel 10 is arranged in along the telescopic direction of protective net frame 5 for lead screw 61, is mutually perpendicular to shaft 3;Sliding block 62 are rotatably arranged on lead screw 61, and are fixedly connected with the movable end of protective net frame 5;The upper of lead screw 61 is arranged in serial verb construction 63 End, shaft 3 drive lead screw 61 to axially rotate by serial verb construction 63.
In the present embodiment, the outside mask of lead screw 61 is equipped with shield, the bearing block that lead screw 61 passes through the both ends in shield It installs, is rotatably equipped with sliding block 62 on lead screw 61, sliding block 62 is connected with connecting rod, connecting rod and protective net close to the side of photovoltaic panel 10 The movable end of frame 5 is welded and fixed, and shield offers recessing groove close to the side of photovoltaic panel 10, is axial direction of the strut along lead screw 61 Resigning is provided when mobile, the upper end of lead screw 61 is pierced by shield equipped with serial verb construction 63, and lead screw 61 is rotated by serial verb construction 63 Cooperate shaft 3, the axis of shaft 3 is made to be converted into the axial rotation of lead screw 61.
As a kind of specific embodiment of the invention, referring to Fig. 4, serial verb construction 63 includes 631 He of the first bevel gear Second bevel gear 632.
First bevel gear 631 is fixed in shaft 3, coaxial with shaft 3;Second bevel gear 632 is fixed at silk One end of thick stick 61, it is coaxial with lead screw 61, and be intermeshed with the first bevel gear 631;Pass through the first bevel gear 631 and the second umbrella tooth 632 engagement cooperation of wheel makes the axial axial rotation for being converted into lead screw 61 of shaft 3.
In the present embodiment, the first bevel gear 631 and shaft 3 are integrally formed or are fixed by bolt, the second bevel gear 632 with The upper end of lead screw 61 is integrally formed or is fixed by bolt, is made by the first bevel gear 631 and the engagement cooperation of the second bevel gear 632 The axial direction of shaft 3 is converted into the axial rotation of lead screw 61.
It is located at photovoltaic referring to Fig. 1, the quantity of driving mechanism 6 is two as a kind of specific embodiment of the invention The left and right sides of plate 10 is rotatably assorted with shaft 3 respectively, and the movable end for synchronous driving protective net frame 5 is mobile.
In the present embodiment, in order to guarantee that the stability of 5 folding and unfolding of protective net frame, driving mechanism 6 can be in the left and right of photovoltaic panel 10 Two sides respectively install one, and two driving mechanisms 6 rotate synchronously, and make the both ends of the movable end of protective net frame 5 stress simultaneously, guarantee by Power is uniform, guarantees the stabilization of 5 folding and unfolding of protective net frame.
As a kind of specific embodiment of the invention, Fig. 1 to Fig. 2 is please referred to, protective net frame 5 includes fender rod 51 and connects Connect frame 52.
The quantity of fender rod 51 be it is multiple, be arranged in parallel with shaft 3;The quantity of connection frame 52 is multiple, both ends difference Be articulated on adjacent fender rod 51, for drive adjacent fender rod 51 close to or far from.
In the present embodiment, fender rod 51 is cylindrical bar, and multiple fender rods 51 are laid with the side of photovoltaic panel 10 along tripod Arranged in parallel from top to bottom, adjacent fender rod 51 is connected by multiple connection frames 52, and connection frame 52 is cross-linked adjacent Fender rod 51, to guarantee the stability of entire protective net frame 5.Connection frame 52 can make adjacent fender rod 51 by near and far From so that the contraction and expansion of protective net frame 5 can be realized.
As a kind of specific embodiment of the invention, referring to Fig. 3, connection frame 52 includes first connecting rod 521 and the Two connecting rods 522.
One end of first connecting rod 521 is articulated on fender rod 51;One end of second connecting rod 522 is articulated with adjacent protection On bar 51;And the other end and first connecting rod 521 are hingedly arranged.
In the present embodiment, adjacent 51 maximum distance of fender rod is that first connecting rod 521 and the second connecting rod 522 are located at together The distance of one straight line, minimum range are that first connecting rod 521 and the second connecting rod 522 turn to the limit, cannot be further continued for rotating When, the tie point of first connecting rod 521 and fender rod 51 away from the second connecting rod 522 and the tie point of adjacent fender rod 51 away from From in order to guarantee that multiple fender rods 51 adjust more smooth, phase by the rotation of first connecting rod 521 and the second connecting rod 522 Two adjacent 51 maximum distances of fender rod should be less than first connecting rod 521 and the second connecting rod 522 is located at collinear distance, When first connecting rod 521 and the second connecting rod 522 are located at same straight line, it is connect with first connecting rod 521 and the second connecting rod 522 Two fender rods 51 lack lateral point for allowing first connecting rod 521 and the second connecting rod 522 mutually to rotate to contract simultaneously Power causes protective net frame 5 to shrink difficulty.
It as a kind of specific embodiment of the invention, please refers to Fig.1 to Fig.3, protective net frame 5 further includes 53 He of guide rod Fixing sleeve 54.
The quantity of guide rod 53 is two, is mutually perpendicular to positioned at the left and right sides of photovoltaic panel 10, and with fender rod 51;It is fixed Set 54 is fixedly installed on the both ends of fender rod 51, is slidably arranged along guide rod 53.
In the present embodiment, guide rod 53 is cylindrical bar, and fixing sleeve 54 is fixed by bolts in the both ends of fender rod 51, fixed Set 54 is equipped with through hole, and fixing sleeve 54 is set on guide rod 53 by through hole, when protective net frame 5 stretches, fender rod 51 The fixing sleeve 54 at both ends is slided along guide rod 53, is guaranteed stability when fender rod 51 is mobile, is avoided its double swerve.
As a kind of specific embodiment of the invention, Fig. 5 to Fig. 6 is please referred to, photovoltaic panel protective device further includes elasticity Frame 8 and clearer 9.
The upper end of elastic shelf 8 is fixedly installed on the movable end of protective net frame 5, and the lower end of elastic shelf 8 is arranged in clearer 9, For cleaning 10 surface of photovoltaic panel;Clearer 9 is pressed in photovoltaic panel 10 by elastic shelf 8.
In the present embodiment, clearer 9 is cylindrical roller, and outer wall is circumferentially bonded with flexible brush, when protective net frame 5 is unfolded to protect When protecting photovoltaic panel 10, clearer 9 slides into photovoltaic panel 10 from the upper end of photovoltaic panel 10 by the drive of the movable end of protective net frame 5 Lower end be pressed in the surface of photovoltaic panel 10 always and under the action of elastic shelf 8, the surface of photovoltaic panel 10 is carried out effective Cleaning, remove 10 surface of photovoltaic panel sundries and dust.When due-in time protective net frame 5, clean frame is from the lower end of photovoltaic panel 10 The upper end of photovoltaic panel 10 is slid into, then completes once to clean.
As a kind of specific embodiment of the invention, referring to Fig. 6, elastic shelf 8 includes connector sleeve 81 and elastic pressure bar 82。
The quantity of connector sleeve 81 is two, is fixed at the lower end two sides of the movable end of protective net frame 5, clearer 9 Both ends are rotatably dispose in two connector sleeves 81;The length direction of the connector sleeve 81 on 82 edge of elastic pressure bar, it is telescopic to be set to In connector sleeve 81, for clearer 9 to be pressed in 10 surface of photovoltaic panel.
In the present embodiment, connector sleeve 81 is the cylindrical structure of lower end closed, and the lower part of connector sleeve 81 is offered through connection The notch of set 81, notch are opened up along the length direction of connector sleeve 81, are connected to the inner cavity of connector sleeve 81, the both ends difference of clearer 9 It is connected with rotation axis, two rotation axis extend through two notches, and the inner cavity of connector sleeve 81 is equipped with spring along its length, Spring is in compressive state, and lower spring end abutting has pressing plate, and integrally formed with guide rod, guide rod is arranged in spring for the upper end of pressing plate Interior, for being oriented to, to curving when preventing spring-compressed, the lower end surface of pressing plate is the globoidal structure of indent, cambered surface and rotation The radian of axis cooperates, and pressing plate is pressed downward connecting shaft by spring.When being not affected by external force, clearer 9 passes through pressing plate for connecting shaft It is depressed into the lower end of the notch of connector sleeve 81, when folding and unfolding protective net frame 5, the lower end of movable end of the photovoltaic panel 10 away from protective net frame 5 The distance in face, the total length of connector sleeve 81 and clearer 9 when being pressed on the lower end of connector sleeve 81 less than clearer 9, at this point, clearer Clearer 9 is pressed in 10 surface of photovoltaic panel, to improve clearer 9 by 9 pressure by 10 surface of photovoltaic panel, spring contraction Clean the effect of photovoltaic panel 10.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all in essence of the invention Made any modifications, equivalent replacements, and improvements etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention within mind and principle.

Claims (9)

1. photovoltaic panel protective device characterized by comprising
Mounting rack, for being installed on the top on roof, positioned at the upper end of photovoltaic panel;
Reel is fixed on the mounting rack, and side is equipped with opening;
Shaft, along the axial rotation setting of the reel;
Motor, for driving the shaft to rotate;
Protective net frame, upper end are fixing end, and lower end is movable end, and fixing end is fixed on the mounting rack, and movable end can Photovoltaic panel is protected for being covered on above photovoltaic panel in the flexible top for being set to photovoltaic panel;
Driving mechanism is rotatably assorted positioned at the side of photovoltaic panel with the shaft, for driving the work of the protective net frame Moved end is flexible;And
Waterproof cloth, upper end are open in the shaft that is fixedly installed in the reel by described, lower end and the protective net The movable end of frame connects, and protects photovoltaic panel in the top of the protective net frame for covering.
2. photovoltaic panel protective device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the driving mechanism includes:
The side of photovoltaic panel is arranged in along the telescopic direction of the protective net frame for lead screw, is mutually perpendicular to the shaft;
Sliding block is rotatably arranged on the lead screw, and is fixedly connected with the movable end of the protective net frame;And
Serial verb construction, is arranged in the upper end of the lead screw, and the shaft drives the lead screw along axial by the serial verb construction Rotation.
3. photovoltaic panel protective device as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the serial verb construction includes:
First bevel gear is fixed in the shaft, coaxial with the shaft;And
Second bevel gear is fixed at one end of the lead screw, coaxial with the lead screw, and mutual with first bevel gear Engagement;
The axial direction for making the shaft is cooperated to be converted by first bevel gear and second bevel gear engagement described The axial rotation of lead screw.
4. photovoltaic panel protective device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the quantity of the driving mechanism is two, position It in the two sides of the photovoltaic panel, is rotatably assorted respectively with the shaft, for the synchronous activity for driving the protective net frame End movement.
5. photovoltaic panel protective device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the protective net frame includes:
Fender rod, quantity be it is multiple, be arranged in parallel with the shaft;And
Connection frame, quantity be it is multiple, both ends are hingedly connected on the adjacent fender rod, for driving the adjacent protection Bar close to or far from.
6. photovoltaic panel protective device as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that the connection frame includes:
First connecting rod, one end are articulated on the fender rod;
Second connecting rod, one end are articulated on the adjacent fender rod;And the other end is hingedly arranged with the first connecting rod.
7. photovoltaic panel protective device as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that the protective net frame further include:
Guide rod, quantity are two, are mutually perpendicular to positioned at the left and right sides of photovoltaic panel, and with the fender rod;And
Fixing sleeve is fixedly installed on the both ends of the fender rod, is slidably arranged along the guide rod.
8. photovoltaic panel protective device as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the photovoltaic panel protective device further include:
Elastic shelf, upper end are fixedly installed on the movable end of the protective net frame, and
The lower end of the elastic shelf is arranged in clearer, for cleaning photovoltaic plate surface;
The clearer is pressed in photovoltaic panel by the elastic shelf.
9. photovoltaic panel protective device as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that the elastic shelf includes:
Connector sleeve, quantity are two, are fixed at the lower end two sides of the movable end of the protective net frame, the two of the clearer End is rotatably dispose in two connector sleeves;And
Elastic pressure bar, it is telescopic to be set in the connector sleeve along the length direction of the connector sleeve, it is used for clearer It is pressed in photovoltaic plate surface.
CN201811612083.4A 2018-12-27 2018-12-27 Photovoltaic panel protection device Active CN109546956B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN109546956A true CN109546956A (en) 2019-03-29
CN109546956B CN109546956B (en) 2020-04-21

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110729958A (en) * 2019-09-06 2020-01-24 南京绿新能源研究院有限公司 Device and method for maintaining photovoltaic panel

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