CN109533025B - Integral frame and fire engine - Google Patents

Integral frame and fire engine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109533025B
CN109533025B CN201811422099.9A CN201811422099A CN109533025B CN 109533025 B CN109533025 B CN 109533025B CN 201811422099 A CN201811422099 A CN 201811422099A CN 109533025 B CN109533025 B CN 109533025B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
assembly
oil tank
beam assembly
vertical plate
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CN201811422099.9A
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CN109533025A (en
Inventor
董栓牢
张宝海
张勇
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Jiangsu XCMG Construction Machinery Institute Co Ltd
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Jiangsu XCMG Construction Machinery Institute Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811422099.9A priority Critical patent/CN109533025B/en
Publication of CN109533025A publication Critical patent/CN109533025A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D21/00Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted
    • B62D21/02Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted comprising longitudinally or transversely arranged frame members
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62CFIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62C27/00Fire-fighting land vehicles

Abstract

The invention discloses an integral frame and a fire truck, which comprises a front cross beam assembly, a left longitudinal beam assembly, a right longitudinal beam assembly, a subframe assembly and a rear landing leg box assembly; the left longitudinal beam assembly and the right longitudinal beam assembly adopt a boundary beam structure and are arranged at the front end of the auxiliary frame assembly; the rear supporting leg box assembly is of a box type structure and is arranged at the rear end of the auxiliary frame assembly; the left longitudinal beam assembly, the right longitudinal beam assembly, the rear supporting leg box assembly and the auxiliary frame assembly are welded into an integrated structure, and the front cross beam assembly is connected with the left longitudinal beam assembly and the right longitudinal beam assembly; a hydraulic oil tank and a front landing leg tank are arranged in the auxiliary frame assembly. The front end of the boundary beam is reinforced by adopting a beam structure, a hydraulic oil tank is arranged in the tank body, a supporting leg tank is arranged, a rib plate is arranged in the tank body for reinforcement, and the whole structure is compact, high in strength and suitable for vehicles with higher requirements on installation space.

Description

Integral frame and fire engine
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of fire-fighting vehicles, and relates to an integral frame and a fire-fighting vehicle.
Background
The prior art comprises the following steps: at present, the traditional fire-fighting vehicle chassis is purchased as a finished product, and is provided with an edge beam type frame. Because the fire-fighting vehicle needs a supporting leg structure, an auxiliary frame is needed to be added, a supporting leg box is arranged in the auxiliary frame and is connected with the side beam type frame, the whole occupied space is large, and the joint of the frame and the auxiliary frame is easy to fail due to vibration and impact; the hydraulic oil tank of a general fire engine is independently manufactured and installed on the auxiliary frame, the occupied space is large, the hydraulic oil tank is affected by the space, the oil suction opening of the hydraulic oil tank is far away from the hydraulic pump, and the oil suction is difficult.
The prior art has the following defects: (1) The frame and the auxiliary frame adopt a split type structure, the occupied space is large, the joint is easy to fail due to vibration and impact, the frame and the auxiliary frame are assembled by bolts, the manufacturability is poor, and the assembly difficulty is increased; (2) The hydraulic oil tank sets up alone, assembles in sub vehicle frame top, needs certain installation space, and in addition, hydraulic oil tank oil suction port is located frame sub vehicle frame top, and is farther apart from the hydraulic oil pump, and the oil absorption is difficult, is not applicable to the higher vehicle of requirement to installation space.
Disclosure of Invention
The purpose is as follows: in order to overcome the defects in the prior art, the invention provides an integral frame and a fire truck.
The technical scheme is as follows: in order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
in one aspect, the invention provides an integrated frame comprising a front cross beam assembly, a left longitudinal beam assembly, a right longitudinal beam assembly, a subframe assembly and a rear leg box assembly;
the left longitudinal beam assembly and the right longitudinal beam assembly adopt a boundary beam structure and are arranged at the front end of the auxiliary frame assembly;
the rear supporting leg box assembly is of a box type structure and is arranged at the rear end of the auxiliary frame assembly;
the left longitudinal beam assembly, the right longitudinal beam assembly, the rear landing leg box assembly and the auxiliary frame assembly are welded into an integrated structure,
the front cross beam assembly is detachably connected or welded with the left longitudinal beam assembly and the right longitudinal beam assembly;
a hydraulic oil tank and a front landing leg tank are arranged in the auxiliary frame assembly.
Preferably, the integral frame further comprises a reinforcing rib plate; reinforcing rib plates are arranged at the joints of the left longitudinal beam assembly, the right longitudinal beam assembly, the rear supporting leg box assembly and the auxiliary frame assembly.
As a preferable scheme, the auxiliary frame assembly comprises a front vertical plate, an upper cover plate, a lower bottom plate, a vertical plate, an oil tank front vertical plate, an oil tank left vertical plate, an oil tank rear vertical plate, a left web plate, a partition plate, a right web plate, an oil tank partition plate and an oil tank right vertical plate which are integrally welded;
the upper cover plate and the lower bottom plate are arranged along the horizontal direction and are arranged in parallel to form an upper sealing plate and a lower sealing plate of the whole auxiliary frame assembly respectively;
the front vertical plate, the front vertical plate of the oil tank, the oil tank partition plate, the rear vertical plate of the oil tank and the partition plate are vertically arranged along the left-right direction of the auxiliary frame assembly in sequence and are mutually parallel;
the left web plate, the partition plate and the right web plate of the oil tank are vertically arranged along the front-back direction of the auxiliary frame assembly and are mutually parallel;
the space which is closed by the front vertical plate, the front vertical plate of the oil tank, the upper cover plate and the lower bottom plate is a front supporting leg box, the vertical plate divides the front supporting leg box into a front part and a rear part, the front part is provided with movable supporting legs, and the rear part is provided with a horizontal oil cylinder;
the space which is sealed by the combination of the front vertical plate of the oil tank, the rear vertical plate of the oil tank, the upper cover plate, the lower bottom plate, the left vertical plate of the oil tank and the right vertical plate of the oil tank is a hydraulic oil tank, and the oil tank partition plate divides the space into two spaces;
the enclosed space formed by the rear vertical plate, the partition plate, the left web plate, the right web plate, the upper cover plate and the lower bottom plate of the oil tank is a storage box, and the storage box is divided into two parts by the partition plate and is used for storing fire-fighting equipment.
Further, the integral frame is characterized in that: the oil suction device is characterized by further comprising an oil suction flange and an oil return flange, wherein the oil suction flange and the oil return flange are arranged on the left vertical plate of the oil tank, the oil suction filter is arranged on the oil suction flange, the oil suction hole is downwards connected with the oil pump, the oil suction distance is reduced, and the oil suction efficiency is improved.
As a preferred scheme, the integral frame is characterized in that: the novel oil tank sealing device is characterized by further comprising an oil tank sealing plate, wherein the upper cover plate is provided with four holes on the upper part of the oil tank, so that the inner welding of the oil tank is facilitated, and the oil tank sealing plate is used for sealing after the welding is finished.
Further, the integral frame is characterized in that: the rotary table is characterized by further comprising an arc plate, wherein the arc plate is arranged at the rear section of the upper cover plate, and the upper part of the arc plate is used for installing the rotary table.
Further, the integral frame is characterized in that: the rear supporting leg box assembly comprises a front vertical plate, a partition plate, a bottom plate, a rear vertical plate and a cover plate, which are integrally welded;
the partition board is parallel to the front vertical plate and the rear vertical plate to divide the rear supporting leg box into two parts, the front part is provided with a horizontal oil cylinder, and the rear part is provided with a movable supporting leg.
As a preferred scheme, the integral frame is characterized in that: the right longitudinal beam assembly and the left longitudinal beam assembly have the same structure;
the left longitudinal beam assembly and the right longitudinal beam assembly comprise longitudinal beams, a first vertical plate, a cover plate and a second vertical plate, and are welded into a whole;
the end face of the second vertical plate is provided with a threaded hole for installing the front beam assembly; the rear sections of the left longitudinal beam assembly and the right longitudinal beam assembly adopt variable cross sections, so that the engine accessory can be conveniently installed; the first vertical plate is provided with a round hole for facilitating the arrangement of hydraulic and electric circuits;
the front beam assembly comprises a front beam, a rib plate and bolts, and the rib plate is welded in the groove of the front beam.
Further, one end of the front cross beam assembly is connected with the end part of the left longitudinal beam assembly through bolts, and the other end of the front cross beam assembly is connected with the end part of the right longitudinal beam assembly through bolts.
On the other hand, the invention also provides a fire engine which is characterized by comprising the integral frame.
The beneficial effects are that: the integral frame and the fire truck provided by the invention have the following advantages:
(1) The front section of the frame adopts a boundary beam structure, the rear section adopts a box type structure, and the two sections are welded and reinforced by a reinforcing rib plate; the front end of the side beam is reinforced by adopting a beam structure, the hydraulic oil tank is arranged in the tank body, the supporting leg tank is arranged, the reinforcing plate is arranged in the tank body for reinforcement, the whole structure is compact, the strength is high, the risk that the traditional frame and the auxiliary frame are easy to fail due to the connection of bolts is reduced, and the side beam is suitable for vehicles with higher requirements on installation space;
(2) The hydraulic oil tank is arranged in the auxiliary frame box body, so that the installation space is saved, the space utilization rate is improved, and meanwhile, the oil suction port is closer to the hydraulic oil pump, and the oil suction efficiency is improved;
(3) The left and right support legs adopt a nested structure and share one support leg box, so that the support leg installation space is reduced, and the space utilization rate of the whole vehicle is improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an implementation example integral type a frame structure schematic diagram;
FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a front cross member assembly of an embodiment;
FIG. 3 is a left rail assembly block diagram of an embodiment;
FIG. 4 is a block diagram of an embodiment subframe assembly;
fig. 5 is a structural view of the rear leg box assembly of the embodiment.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. The following description of at least one exemplary embodiment is merely exemplary in nature and is in no way intended to limit the invention, its application, or uses. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
The relative arrangement of the components and steps, numerical expressions and numerical values set forth in these embodiments do not limit the scope of the present invention unless it is specifically stated otherwise. Meanwhile, it should be understood that the sizes of the respective parts shown in the drawings are not drawn in actual scale for convenience of description. Techniques, methods, and apparatus known to one of ordinary skill in the relevant art may not be discussed in detail, but should be considered part of the specification where appropriate. In all examples shown and discussed herein, any specific values should be construed as merely illustrative, and not a limitation. Thus, other examples of the exemplary embodiments may have different values. It should be noted that: like reference numerals and letters denote like items in the following figures, and thus once an item is defined in one figure, no further discussion thereof is necessary in subsequent figures.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the frame is an integral frame, the front section of the frame adopts a side beam structure, the rear section of the frame adopts a box type structure, and the frame is formed by welding two sections and is reinforced by adopting a reinforcing rib plate; the front end of the side beam is reinforced by adopting a detachable cross beam structure, a hydraulic oil tank is arranged in the tank body, a supporting leg tank is arranged, a rib plate is arranged in the supporting leg tank for reinforcement, and the side beam is compact in overall structure and high in strength, and is suitable for vehicles with higher requirements on installation space.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 1, a unitary frame includes a front cross member assembly 1, a left side rail assembly 2, a right side rail assembly 3, a reinforcing rib plate 4, a subframe assembly 5, and a rear leg box assembly 6;
the left longitudinal beam assembly 2 and the right longitudinal beam assembly 3 are of side beam structures and are arranged at the front end of the auxiliary frame assembly 5;
the rear supporting leg box assembly 6 is of a box type structure and is arranged at the rear end of the auxiliary frame assembly 5;
the left longitudinal beam assembly 2, the right longitudinal beam assembly 3, the rear supporting leg box assembly 6 and the auxiliary frame assembly 5 are welded into an integrated structure and are locally reinforced through reinforcing rib plates 4, and further, the reinforcing rib plates 4 are arranged at the joints of the left longitudinal beam assembly 2, the right longitudinal beam assembly 3, the rear supporting leg box assembly 6 and the auxiliary frame assembly 5;
the front cross beam assembly 1 is detachably connected or welded with the left longitudinal beam assembly 2 and the right longitudinal beam assembly 3;
a hydraulic oil tank and a front landing leg tank are arranged in the auxiliary frame assembly 5.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 2, the front beam assembly 1 includes a front beam 101, a rib plate 102 and a bolt 103, where the rib plate 102 is welded in a groove of the front beam 101 to play a role in improving strength, and considering that the front beam assembly 1 can interfere with the front beam 101 when the engine is installed, the front beam assembly 1 is designed to be detachable, and is connected with the left longitudinal beam assembly 2 and the right longitudinal beam assembly 3 through the bolt 103 after the engine and accessories thereof are installed.
Further, one end of the front cross beam assembly 1 is connected with the end part of the left longitudinal beam assembly 2 through a bolt 103, and the other end of the front cross beam assembly 1 is connected with the end part of the right longitudinal beam assembly 3 through a bolt 103.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 3, the left longitudinal beam assembly 2 comprises a longitudinal beam 201, a first vertical plate 202, a cover plate 203 and a second vertical plate 204, all parts are integrated through welding, a threaded hole is formed in the end face of the second vertical plate 204, a front cross beam assembly 1 is installed, a variable cross section is adopted in the rear section (close to the 5 end of the auxiliary frame assembly) of the left longitudinal beam assembly 2, engine accessory installation is facilitated, interference is avoided, a round hole is formed in the first vertical plate 202, and hydraulic and electric circuit arrangement is facilitated; the right longitudinal beam assembly 3 and the left longitudinal beam assembly 2 have the same structure, and the left longitudinal beam assembly 2 and the right longitudinal beam assembly 3 are symmetrically arranged and connected on the auxiliary frame assembly 5.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 4, the subframe assembly 5 includes a front riser 501, an upper cover plate 502, a lower base plate 503, a riser 504, a tank front riser 505, an oil suction flange 506, an oil return flange 507, a tank left riser 508, a tank rear riser 509, a left web 510, a circular arc plate 511, a baffle 512, a baffle 513, a right web 514, a tank closure plate 515, a tank baffle 516, a tank right riser 517, and is integrally welded.
The upper cover plate 502 and the lower bottom plate 503 are arranged along the horizontal direction and are arranged in parallel, so as to form an upper sealing plate and a lower sealing plate of the whole auxiliary frame assembly 5;
the front vertical plate 501, the vertical plate 504, the front vertical plate 505 of the oil tank, the partition 516 of the oil tank, the rear vertical plate 509 of the oil tank and the partition 512 are vertically arranged along the left-right direction of the auxiliary frame assembly in sequence and are mutually parallel;
the left vertical plate 508, the right vertical plate 517, the left web 510, the partition 513, and the right web 514 are vertically arranged along the front-rear direction of the subframe assembly and are arranged in parallel with each other.
The space which is closed by the front vertical plate 501, the front vertical plate 505 of the oil tank, the upper cover plate 502 and the lower bottom plate 503 is a front supporting leg box, the vertical plate 504 divides the space into a front part and a rear part, the front part is provided with movable supporting legs, and the rear part is provided with a horizontal oil cylinder;
the space which is closed by the combination of the front oil tank vertical plate 505, the rear oil tank vertical plate 509, the upper cover plate 502, the lower bottom plate 503, the left oil tank vertical plate 508 and the right oil tank vertical plate 517 is a hydraulic oil tank, the oil tank partition plate 516 divides the space into two spaces, the oil suction flange 506 and the oil return flange 507 are arranged on the left oil tank vertical plate 508, the oil suction filter is arranged on the oil suction flange 506, the oil suction hole is downwards connected with the oil pump, the oil suction distance is reduced, the oil suction efficiency is improved, the upper cover plate 502 is provided with four holes at the upper part of the oil tank, the welding inside the oil tank is facilitated, and the oil tank is plugged by the oil tank sealing plate 515 after the welding is finished;
the arc plate 511 is arranged at the rear section of the upper cover plate 502, and a turntable is arranged at the upper part of the arc plate 511 to play a role in improving the strength;
the enclosed space formed by the rear vertical plate 509, the partition plate 512, the left web plate 510, the right web plate 514, the upper cover plate 502 and the lower bottom plate 503 of the oil tank is a storage box, and the partition plate 513 is divided into two parts to store part of fire-fighting equipment, so that the space of the box body structure is fully utilized, and the utilization rate is improved.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 5, the rear leg box assembly 6 includes a front riser 601, a bulkhead 602, a floor 603, a rear riser 604, and a cover 605, which are integrally welded.
The cover plate 605 and the bottom plate 603 are arranged along the horizontal direction and are arranged in parallel to form an upper sealing plate and a lower sealing plate of the rear leg box assembly 6;
the front vertical plate 601 and the rear vertical plate 604 are vertically arranged along the left-right direction of the rear leg box assembly 6 and are mutually parallel; a left sealing plate and a right sealing plate which form a rear supporting leg box assembly 6;
the baffle 602 is parallel to the front vertical plate 601 and the rear vertical plate 604, the rear supporting leg box is divided into two parts, the front part is provided with a horizontal oil cylinder, the rear part is provided with a movable supporting leg, the left supporting leg and the right supporting leg adopt nested structures, the same supporting leg box is shared, the supporting leg installation space is reduced, and the space utilization rate of the whole vehicle is improved.
In some embodiments, the left and right stringers may have other cross-sectional shapes, which may also achieve the effects of the present invention;
in some embodiments, the front cross beam is welded, and other cross beam structures are added between the left and right longitudinal beams, so that the effect of the invention can be achieved.
In some embodiments, the effect of the invention can be achieved by changing the position of the hydraulic oil tank in the auxiliary vehicle;
the frame of the invention can be applied to fire-fighting vehicles, military vehicles engineering machinery agricultural machinery, and the like.
On the other hand, the invention also provides a fire truck, which comprises the frame.
In the description of the present application, it should be understood that the terms "center," "longitudinal," "lateral," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, merely to facilitate description of the present invention and simplify description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a specific orientation, be configured and operated in a specific orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the protection of the present invention.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the invention, it being noted that: it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and adaptations can be made without departing from the principles of the present invention, and such modifications and adaptations are intended to be comprehended within the scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The integral frame is characterized by comprising a front cross beam assembly, a left longitudinal beam assembly, a right longitudinal beam assembly, an auxiliary frame assembly and a rear supporting leg box assembly;
the left longitudinal beam assembly and the right longitudinal beam assembly adopt a boundary beam structure and are arranged at the front end of the auxiliary frame assembly; the rear supporting leg box assembly is of a box type structure and is arranged at the rear end of the auxiliary frame assembly; the left longitudinal beam assembly, the right longitudinal beam assembly, the rear landing leg box assembly and the auxiliary frame assembly are welded into an integrated structure, and the front cross beam assembly is detachably connected or welded with the left longitudinal beam assembly and the right longitudinal beam assembly;
a hydraulic oil tank and a front landing leg tank are arranged in the auxiliary frame assembly; the auxiliary frame assembly comprises a front vertical plate, an upper cover plate, a lower bottom plate, a vertical plate, an oil tank front vertical plate, an oil tank left vertical plate, an oil tank rear vertical plate, a left web plate, a partition plate, a right web plate and an oil tank right vertical plate, which are integrally welded; the upper cover plate and the lower bottom plate are arranged along the horizontal direction and are arranged in parallel to form an upper sealing plate and a lower sealing plate of the whole auxiliary frame assembly respectively; the front vertical plate, the front vertical plate of the oil tank, the rear vertical plate of the oil tank and the partition plate are vertically arranged along the left-right direction of the auxiliary frame assembly in sequence, and are arranged in parallel with each other; the left web plate and the right web plate of the oil tank are vertically arranged along the front-back direction of the auxiliary frame assembly and are mutually parallel; the space which is closed by the front vertical plate, the front vertical plate of the oil tank, the upper cover plate and the lower bottom plate is a front supporting leg box, the vertical plate divides the front supporting leg box into a front part and a rear part, the front part is provided with movable supporting legs, and the rear part is provided with a horizontal oil cylinder; the space which is sealed by the combination of the front vertical plate of the oil tank, the rear vertical plate of the oil tank, the upper cover plate, the lower bottom plate, the left vertical plate of the oil tank and the right vertical plate of the oil tank is a hydraulic oil tank; the enclosed space formed by the rear vertical plate, the partition plate, the left web plate, the right web plate, the upper cover plate and the lower bottom plate of the oil tank is a storage box for storing fire-fighting equipment.
2. The one-piece frame of claim 1, wherein: the integral frame also comprises a reinforcing rib plate; reinforcing rib plates are arranged at the joints of the left longitudinal beam assembly, the right longitudinal beam assembly, the rear supporting leg box assembly and the auxiliary frame assembly.
3. The one-piece frame of claim 1, wherein: the oil tank is characterized by further comprising an oil suction flange and an oil return flange, wherein the oil suction flange and the oil return flange are arranged on the left vertical plate of the oil tank, the oil suction filter is arranged on the oil suction flange, and the oil suction hole is downwards connected with the oil pump.
4. The one-piece frame of claim 1, wherein: the utility model also comprises an oil tank sealing plate, the upper cover plate is provided with four holes at the upper part of the oil tank, the welding inside the oil tank body is facilitated, and the oil tank is sealed by the oil tank sealing plate after the welding is completed.
5. The one-piece frame of claim 1, wherein: the rotary table is characterized by further comprising an arc plate, wherein the arc plate is arranged at the rear section of the upper cover plate, and the upper part of the arc plate is used for installing the rotary table.
6. The one-piece frame of claim 1, wherein: the rear supporting leg box assembly comprises a front vertical plate, a partition plate, a bottom plate, a rear vertical plate and a cover plate, which are integrally welded;
the partition board is parallel to the front vertical plate and the rear vertical plate to divide the rear supporting leg box into two parts, the front part is provided with a horizontal oil cylinder, and the rear part is provided with a movable supporting leg.
7. The one-piece frame of claim 1, the method is characterized in that: the right longitudinal beam assembly and the left longitudinal beam assembly have the same structure;
the left longitudinal beam assembly and the right longitudinal beam assembly comprise longitudinal beams, a first vertical plate, a cover plate and a second vertical plate, and are welded into a whole;
the end face of the second vertical plate is provided with a threaded hole for installing the front beam assembly; the rear sections of the left longitudinal beam assembly and the right longitudinal beam assembly adopt variable cross sections, so that the engine accessory can be conveniently installed; the first vertical plate is provided with a round hole for facilitating arrangement of hydraulic and electric circuits.
8. The one-piece frame of claim 1, wherein: the front beam assembly comprises a front beam and a rib plate, and the rib plate is welded in the groove of the front beam.
9. The one-piece frame of claim 1, wherein: one end of the front cross beam assembly is connected with the end part of the left longitudinal beam assembly through bolts, the other end of the front cross beam assembly is connected with the end part of the right longitudinal beam assembly through bolts.
10. A fire truck comprising the integrated frame of any one of claims 1-9.
CN201811422099.9A 2018-11-27 2018-11-27 Integral frame and fire engine Active CN109533025B (en)

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CN109533025B true CN109533025B (en) 2024-02-02

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