CN109532137A - 一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺 - Google Patents

一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺 Download PDF

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CN109532137A
CN109532137A CN201811255484.9A CN201811255484A CN109532137A CN 109532137 A CN109532137 A CN 109532137A CN 201811255484 A CN201811255484 A CN 201811255484A CN 109532137 A CN109532137 A CN 109532137A
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陈绍青
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Jiangsu Haomai Industrial Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/02Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by structural features of a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/22Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed
    • B32B5/24Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed one layer being a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • B32B5/26Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed one layer being a fibrous or filamentary layer another layer next to it also being fibrous or filamentary
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04CBRAIDING OR MANUFACTURE OF LACE, INCLUDING BOBBIN-NET OR CARBONISED LACE; BRAIDING MACHINES; BRAID; LACE
    • D04C1/00Braid or lace, e.g. pillow-lace; Processes for the manufacture thereof
    • D04C1/02Braid or lace, e.g. pillow-lace; Processes for the manufacture thereof made from particular materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2262/00Composition or structural features of fibres which form a fibrous or filamentary layer or are present as additives
    • B32B2262/02Synthetic macromolecular fibres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2262/00Composition or structural features of fibres which form a fibrous or filamentary layer or are present as additives
    • B32B2262/02Synthetic macromolecular fibres
    • B32B2262/0261Polyamide fibres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2262/00Composition or structural features of fibres which form a fibrous or filamentary layer or are present as additives
    • B32B2262/06Vegetal fibres
    • B32B2262/062Cellulose fibres, e.g. cotton
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2262/00Composition or structural features of fibres which form a fibrous or filamentary layer or are present as additives
    • B32B2262/06Vegetal fibres
    • B32B2262/062Cellulose fibres, e.g. cotton
    • B32B2262/065Lignocellulosic fibres, e.g. jute, sisal, hemp, flax, bamboo
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2262/00Composition or structural features of fibres which form a fibrous or filamentary layer or are present as additives
    • B32B2262/10Inorganic fibres
    • B32B2262/101Glass fibres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/30Properties of the layers or laminate having particular thermal properties
    • B32B2307/306Resistant to heat
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/30Properties of the layers or laminate having particular thermal properties
    • B32B2307/306Resistant to heat
    • B32B2307/3065Flame resistant or retardant, fire resistant or retardant

Abstract

本发明提供一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺,按照基布、隔热层和防火外层的顺序,利用制得的混合有疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒的粘结剂,将基布、隔热层和防火外层进行粘结、压合,制得所需产品,其中基布由棉纤维编织而成,隔热层采用的材料包括高硅氧玻璃纤维和矿棉纤维,防火外层采用的材料包括亚麻纤维、芳砜纶纤维、芳纶1313和芳纶1414,防火外层还采用阻燃剂进行浸渍处理。本发明制备的防火隔热面料具有良好的耐高温性能和隔热性能。

Description

一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺
技术领域
本发明具体涉及一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺。
背景技术
在生产生活中,火灾事故的频繁发生造成了极大的生命财产损失,消防人员在救援火灾事故中经常遭受诸如火焰、辐射、高温物体等的侵害。其中消防服是保障消防人员人身安全的重要装备品之一,消防服需要直接面对火灾现场的高温火焰,因而对消防服制作材料的防火隔热性能要求较高。但是现有消防服用面料一般采用阻燃纱线或者全棉面料进行阻燃整理制造而成,虽然可以有效切断火苗对皮肤的灼伤,但是温度会随着面料传递给皮肤,使得消防人员感到不舒服,甚至造成皮肤的灼伤。因此,急需一种能够提高隔热性能的防火隔热面料的生产工艺。
发明内容
本发明的目的是针对现有工艺的不足,提供一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺,能够有效提高面料的隔热性能。
本发明提供了如下的技术方案:
一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺,包括如下步骤:
S1、防火外层面料制备处理:将亚麻纤维、芳砜纶纤维、芳纶1313和芳纶1414混纺成线条,并将该线条织成胚布,然后将胚布浸渍在含有阻燃剂的处理液中浸渍一段时间后,用清水清洗,对胚布进行烘干处理,烘干温度为160-180℃,然后用分散染料对坯布进行染色,并将染色后的面料烘干定型;
S2、隔热层面料制备处理:将高硅氧玻璃纤维和矿棉纤维混纺成线条,并将该线条织成布;
S3、基布的制备:由棉纤维编织而成;
S4、粘结剂处理:先用润湿剂对疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒进行处理,充分润湿后再将SiO2气凝胶颗粒与高温无机胶黏剂充分混合均匀;
S5、按照基布、隔热层和防火外层的顺序,利用步骤S4中制得的混合有疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒的粘结剂,将基布、隔热层和防火外层进行粘结、压合,制得所需产品。
优选的,S1步骤中亚麻纤维、芳砜纶纤维、芳纶1313和芳纶1414的质量比为 0.8-1.6:1.2-2:3-5:1。
优选的,S1步骤中的浸渍温度为30-50℃,浸渍时间为6-8h。
优选的,S2步骤中高硅氧玻璃纤维和矿棉纤维的质量比为0.8-2.5:1。
优选的,S4步骤中的疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒的颗粒尺寸为小于等于50nm。
优选的,S4步骤中疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒和无机粘结剂的质量比为0-2:10。
优选的,S5步骤中基布与隔热层之间粘结剂层的厚度为0.08-0.15mm,隔热层与防火外层之间粘结剂层的厚度为0.1-0.2mm。
本发明的有益效果是:
本发明制备的防火隔热面料包括基布、隔热层和防火外层,且基布和隔热层之间、隔热层和防火外层之间采用混合有疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒的粘结剂进行粘结,疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒隔热性能较好,有助于提高该布料的隔热性能,且基布的材料为棉纤维,有利于提高穿着的舒适度。
具体实施方式
实施例1
一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺,包括如下步骤:
S1、防火外层面料制备处理:将亚麻纤维、芳砜纶纤维、芳纶1313和芳纶1414混纺成线条,并将该线条织成胚布,其中亚麻纤维、芳砜纶纤维、芳纶1313和芳纶1414 的质量比为1.1:1.2:3.5:1,然后将胚布浸渍在含有阻燃剂的处理液中浸渍6h,浸渍温度为30-50℃,浸渍完成后用清水清洗,并对胚布进行烘干处理,烘干温度为160-180℃,然后用分散染料对胚布进行染色,并将染色后的面料烘干定型;
S2、隔热层面料制备处理:将高硅氧玻璃纤维和矿棉纤维混纺成线条,并将该线条织成布,高硅氧玻璃纤维和矿棉纤维的质量比为0.8:1;
S3、基布的制备:由棉纤维编织而成;
S4、粘结剂处理:先用润湿剂对疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒进行处理,充分润湿后再将SiO2气凝胶颗粒与高温无机胶黏剂充分混合均匀,疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒的颗粒尺寸为小于等于50nm,疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒和无机粘结剂的质量比为1:20;
S5、按照基布、隔热层和防火外层的顺序,利用步骤S4中制得的混合有疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒的粘结剂,将基布、隔热层和防火外层进行粘结、压合,制得所需产品,其中基布与隔热层之间粘结剂层的厚度为0.08mm,隔热层与防火外层之间粘结剂层的厚度为0.12mm。
实施例2
一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺,包括如下步骤:
S1、防火外层面料制备处理:将亚麻纤维、芳砜纶纤维、芳纶1313和芳纶1414混纺成线条,并将该线条织成胚布,其中亚麻纤维、芳砜纶纤维、芳纶1313和芳纶1414 的质量比为1.1:1.5:3.5:1,然后将胚布浸渍在含有阻燃剂的处理液中浸渍7h,浸渍温度为30-50℃,浸渍完成后用清水清洗,并对胚布进行烘干处理,烘干温度为 160-180℃,然后用分散染料对胚布进行染色,并将染色后的面料烘干定型;
S2、隔热层面料制备处理:将高硅氧玻璃纤维和矿棉纤维混纺成线条,并将该线条织成布,高硅氧玻璃纤维和矿棉纤维的质量比为1.2:1;
S3、基布的制备:由棉纤维编织而成;
S4、粘结剂处理:先用润湿剂对疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒进行处理,充分润湿后再将SiO2气凝胶颗粒与高温无机胶黏剂充分混合均匀,疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒的颗粒尺寸为小于等于50nm,疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒和无机粘结剂的质量比为1:30;
S5、按照基布、隔热层和防火外层的顺序,利用步骤S4中制得的混合有疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒的粘结剂,将基布、隔热层和防火外层进行粘结、压合,制得所需产品,其中基布与隔热层之间粘结剂层的厚度为0.1mm,隔热层与防火外层之间粘结剂层的厚度为0.15mm。
实施例3
一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺,包括如下步骤:
S1、防火外层面料制备处理:将亚麻纤维、芳砜纶纤维、芳纶1313和芳纶1414混纺成线条,并将该线条织成胚布,其中亚麻纤维、芳砜纶纤维、芳纶1313和芳纶1414 的质量比为1.1:1.5:4:1,然后将胚布浸渍在含有阻燃剂的处理液中浸渍8h,浸渍温度为30-50℃,浸渍完成后用清水清洗,并对胚布进行烘干处理,烘干温度为 160-180℃,然后用分散染料对胚布进行染色,并将染色后的面料烘干定型;
S2、隔热层面料制备处理:将高硅氧玻璃纤维和矿棉纤维混纺成线条,并将该线条织成布,高硅氧玻璃纤维和矿棉纤维的质量比为1.2:1;
S3、基布的制备:由棉纤维编织而成;
S4、粘结剂处理:先用润湿剂对疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒进行处理,充分润湿后再将SiO2气凝胶颗粒与高温无机胶黏剂充分混合均匀,疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒的颗粒尺寸为小于等于50nm,疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒和无机粘结剂的质量比为1:40;
S5、按照基布、隔热层和防火外层的顺序,利用步骤S4中制得的混合有疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒的粘结剂,将基布、隔热层和防火外层进行粘结、压合,制得所需产品,其中基布与隔热层之间粘结剂层的厚度为0.12mm,隔热层与防火外层之间粘结剂层的厚度为0.18mm。
将采用普通高温无机胶黏剂将基布、隔热层和防火外层粘结、压合制成的布料作为对比例,对比例的其它制备步骤同实施例1,然后将对比例与实施例1-3制备的防火隔热面料试样的防火隔热性能进行测试。测试仪器为坐式酒精喷灯、TP-01型热电偶铂温度传感探头、TM-902C型数字温度表和热电偶温度探头,在温度为17℃、相对湿度为62%的环境下进行,酒精喷灯火焰喷口距离织物16cm,防火外层位于靠近火焰的一侧,测试随着时间的延续,试样冷面和热面的温度发生变化,得到冷面和热面的温度差,具体结果如表1所示。
表1对比例及实施例1-3的防火隔热性能测试结果
从表中可以看出,相对于对比例,本发明制备的面料耐高温性能好,且在60s内时,实施例1-3所制备面料的冷面的温度低于41℃,表明本发明制备的面料的隔热性能较好。
以上所述仅为本发明的优选实施例而已,并不用于限制本发明,尽管参照前述实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明,对于本领域的技术人员来说,其依然可以对前述各实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分技术特征进行等同替换。凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。

Claims (7)

1.一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺,其特征在于,包括如下步骤:
S1、防火外层面料制备处理:将亚麻纤维、芳砜纶纤维、芳纶1313和芳纶1414混纺成线条,并将该线条织成胚布,然后将胚布浸渍在含有阻燃剂的处理液中浸渍一段时间后,用清水清洗,对胚布进行烘干处理,烘干温度为160-180℃,然后用分散染料对坯布进行染色,并将染色后的面料烘干定型;
S2、隔热层面料制备处理:将高硅氧玻璃纤维和矿棉纤维混纺成线条,并将该线条织成布;
S3、基布的制备:由棉纤维编织而成;
S4、粘结剂处理:先用润湿剂对疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒进行处理,充分润湿后再将SiO2气凝胶颗粒与高温无机胶黏剂充分混合均匀;
S5、按照基布、隔热层和防火外层的顺序,利用步骤S4中制得的混合有疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒的粘结剂,将基布、隔热层和防火外层进行粘结、压合,制得所需产品。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺,其特征在于,S1步骤中亚麻纤维、芳砜纶纤维、芳纶1313和芳纶1414的质量比为0.8-1.6:1.2-2:3-5:1。
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺,其特征在于,S1步骤中的浸渍温度为30-50℃,浸渍时间为6-8h。
4.根据权利要求1所述的一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺,其特征在于,S2步骤中高硅氧玻璃纤维和矿棉纤维的质量比为0.8-2.5:1。
5.根据权利要求1所述的一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺,其特征在于,S4步骤中的疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒的颗粒尺寸为小于等于50nm。
6.根据权利要求1所述的一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺,其特征在于,S4步骤中疏水性SiO2气凝胶颗粒和无机粘结剂的质量比为0-2:10。
7.根据权利要求1所述的一种防火隔热面料的生产工艺,其特征在于,S5步骤中基布与隔热层之间粘结剂层的厚度为0.08-0.15mm,隔热层与防火外层之间粘结剂层的厚度为0.1-0.2mm。
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Cited By (4)

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CN111809399A (zh) * 2020-07-17 2020-10-23 巩义市泛锐熠辉复合材料有限公司 一种阻燃布料及其制备方法
CN113524809A (zh) * 2021-07-07 2021-10-22 四川玄武岩纤维新材料研究院(创新中心) 一种多功能防火面料及其制备方法和应用
CN115519883A (zh) * 2022-09-16 2022-12-27 邦威防护科技股份有限公司 一种高舒适的防水透湿纳米防护服面料的制备方法
CN115923271A (zh) * 2022-12-20 2023-04-07 安徽隆润高分子材料有限公司 一种汽车应急防火毯及制备方法

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111809399A (zh) * 2020-07-17 2020-10-23 巩义市泛锐熠辉复合材料有限公司 一种阻燃布料及其制备方法
CN113524809A (zh) * 2021-07-07 2021-10-22 四川玄武岩纤维新材料研究院(创新中心) 一种多功能防火面料及其制备方法和应用
CN115519883A (zh) * 2022-09-16 2022-12-27 邦威防护科技股份有限公司 一种高舒适的防水透湿纳米防护服面料的制备方法
CN115923271A (zh) * 2022-12-20 2023-04-07 安徽隆润高分子材料有限公司 一种汽车应急防火毯及制备方法

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