CN109519985A - A kind of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks and residual heat using device - Google Patents

A kind of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks and residual heat using device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109519985A
CN109519985A CN201811628808.9A CN201811628808A CN109519985A CN 109519985 A CN109519985 A CN 109519985A CN 201811628808 A CN201811628808 A CN 201811628808A CN 109519985 A CN109519985 A CN 109519985A
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China
Prior art keywords
heat
tube channel
utilization
fin
water
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Granted
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CN201811628808.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109519985B (en
Inventor
章秋平
黄春
刘合心
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Aux Air Conditioning Co Ltd
Ningbo Aux Electric Co Ltd
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Aux Air Conditioning Co Ltd
Ningbo Aux Electric Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811628808.9A priority Critical patent/CN109519985B/en
Priority claimed from CN201811628808.9A external-priority patent/CN109519985B/en
Publication of CN109519985A publication Critical patent/CN109519985A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C13/00Stoves or ranges with additional provisions for heating water
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C15/00Details
    • F24C15/10Tops, e.g. hot plates; Rings
    • F24C15/107Pan supports or grates therefor

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Cookers (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks and residual heat using devices, are related to kitchen range technical field.A kind of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks comprising tube channel and multiple fins.Tube channel is bent and surrounds annular, and both ends are respectively arranged with inlet and liquid outlet.Multiple fins are all connected to tube channel, and are set in tube channel along the side in ring shaped axial direction, multiple fin interval settings.Tube channel and multiple fins surround accommodating cavity jointly, and accommodating cavity is for placing stove mouth.Multiple fins are used to transmit heat to tube channel.The present invention also provides a kind of residual heat using devices, and which employs above-mentioned UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks.UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks and residual heat using device provided by the invention can improve the utilization rate of waste heat of gas-cooker, and reduce the heat radiation near gas-cooker.

Description

A kind of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks and residual heat using device
Technical field
The present invention relates to kitchen range technical fields, in particular to a kind of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks and residual heat using device.
Background technique
It is cooked as present family has popularized using combustion gas, when using gas-cooker, due to being to open wide burning below pot body, The flame of gas-cooker surrounding does not play heat effect to cooking, is the thermal energy of waste.This part flame heats surrounding for a long time simultaneously Article causes article to damage.
It can be seen that gas-cooker does not utilize waste heat or only simply increases heat-exchanger rig in flame surrounding at present, UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN is not high, and the cooling of flame surrounding is unobvious, and full encirclement form is easy to appear phenomena such as flame-out.
Summary of the invention
Problems solved by the invention is: improving residual heat of gas cooker utilization efficiency, reduces ambient temperature.
To solve the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of technical solution:
A kind of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks, the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks include tube channel and multiple fins.The tube channel bending And annular is surrounded, the both ends of the tube channel are respectively arranged with inlet and liquid outlet.Multiple fins are all connected to described Tube channel, and it is set at least side of the tube channel, multiple fin interval settings.The tube channel and multiple described Fin surrounds accommodating cavity jointly, and the accommodating cavity is for accommodating stove mouth.
Compared with prior art, flame can be placed in accommodating cavity by UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks provided by the invention, can make fire The waste heat energy that flame generates directly passes through tube channel and fin and absorbs, and fin can be transferred to tube channel after absorbing heat, just can will The exhaust-heat absorption that flame the generates and liquid for heating through tube channel is passed through with realizing the absorption and utilization of flame waste heat Fin transfers heat to tube channel, and the waste heat of flame is utilized to a greater extent, and then improves for gas-cooker generation The utilization rate of flame waste heat.In addition, by the exhaust-heat absorption of flame and being used in heating tube channel by fin and tube channel Liquid reduced so that passing out heat outside UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks, so that the temperature outside UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks drops It is low, the experience sense that gas-cooker comfortably uses can be improved.
Further, the annular that multiple fins are surrounded with the tube channel forms folder by the center line of the fin Angle, and can be located at the heat radiation that radially generates of flame that stove mouth described in the accommodating cavity center generates be irradiated in it is described Tube channel or multiple fins.
It is all irradiated in multiple fins and tube channel by the heat radiation for generating flame, so that tube channel can be passed through The heat radiation for generating flame with multiple fins all absorbs, and then improves the utilization rate of the waste heat generated for flame.
Further, when the stove mouth is placed in the accommodating cavity center, there is h point, by h dot on the fin Tangent line at the stove mouth is the first caloradiance, and the line of h point and stove mouth central point is the second caloradiance, first heat Shape is at α angle between radiation and second caloradiance.The angle α is acute angle.The distance between two neighboring described fin For m.
Wherein, R1 is the radius of the stove mouth, and R2 is the inside radius of the accommodating cavity, and R3 is the ring that the tube channel surrounds The outer radius of shape.
Further, the fin and the second caloradiance shape are at angle β, and the angle β is acute angle.The angle α is less than the angle β.
It when can make heat radiation just around one of fin, can be received by another fin, so that cannot be by The infrared radiant energy that tube channel directly absorbs all is absorbed by multiple fins, and then improves fin and the absorption of waste heat is imitated Rate can improve the utilization rate for waste heat.
Further, m > 6mm.
By making two adjacent fins meet m > 6mm, multiple fins can be made, which to space between, can guarantee appearance The permeability of air-flow in chamber is set, being passed through or shedding convenient for air-flow is also convenient for the convection heat of flame generation equally convenient for rib Piece absorbs, and then is further ensured that the utilization rate for waste heat.
Further, the tube channel is multiple, and multiple tube channels surround annular.Multiple tube channels are mutual Connection, multiple sensible pipes are stacked, and are spaced apart from each other.Multiple institutes are provided between the every two adjacent tube channel State fin.
By the way that multiple tube channels are arranged and multiple fins are arranged between every two tube channel, to guarantee that accommodating cavity has The flame that enough volume accommodating stove mouths and stove mouth are formed, and flame can be generated by multiple tube channels and multiple fins Waste heat absorbed, can be further improved for flame generate exhaust-heat absorption utilization rate.
Further, the multiple fins for connecting the two neighboring tube channel form one layer of fin layer.Every layer institute It states in fin layer, the distance between adjacent described fin of every two is equal.
The equal manufacturing that can be convenient for the multiple fins of same layer of the mutual distance of multiple fins in every layer of fin layer.Together Sample can guarantee that multiple fins in same layer are identical for the absorption efficiency of waste heat by the set-up mode, and then avoid local temperature The excessively high cracking for causing UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks of difference, improves the service life of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks.
Further, in the fin layer described in multilayer, the mutual distance of multiple fins in every layer of fin layer Successively increase.
Adjacent pitch of fins can be placed in top from lesser fin layer, just can made through adjacent pitch of fins from lesser Fin can fully absorb the waste heat for generating and generating at the top of the higher flame of waste heat.The flame base less compared to generation waste heat, It can be absorbed by the biggish fin layer of distance between adjacent fin.I.e. while improving for exhaust-heat absorption rate, it can protect Demonstrate,prove accommodating cavity and extraneous permeability.
Further, the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks further includes carrying fin, and the carrying fin is for carrying cookware.
Cookware can be accepted by carrying fin, guarantee the balance of cookware, and at the same time being avoided that cookware is direct It is contacted with tube channel, that is, is avoided that abrasion of the cookware for channel tube wall, the service life of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks can be extended.
Further, the annular radius that multiple tube channels surround is identical.
The production difficulty of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks can be simplified, and then improve the production efficiency for UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks.
Further, the annular that the tube channel surrounds forms central plane, and the fin is cut in the central plane Face is arc-shaped, triangle, parallelogram, rectangle or trapezoidal.
To solve the above problems, invention further provides a kind of technical solutions:
A kind of residual heat using device, including water tank, water pump and UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks, the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks includes channel Pipe and multiple fins.The tube channel is bent and surrounds annular, and the both ends of the tube channel are respectively arranged with inlet and out liquid Mouthful.Multiple fins are all connected to the tube channel, and are set at least side of the tube channel, between multiple fins Every setting.The tube channel and multiple fins surround accommodating cavity jointly, and the accommodating cavity is for accommodating stove mouth.The water tank It is connected to by the inlet and the liquid outlet with the tube channel, and forms circulation path, the water pump is connected to described Water tank, and the water pump is for driving liquid to recycle in the circulation path.
Compared with prior art, residual heat using device provided by the invention can fully absorb flame by UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks The waste heat of generation, the circulating liquid absorbing path pipe in circulation path being then collectively formed by water tank and tube channel is constantly The waste heat that absorbing path pipe absorbs, and then guarantee being absorbed and utilized for the waste heat that residual heat using device generates flame, more than raising Heat utilization efficiency.
Further, be additionally provided with water storage entrance, water outlet and hot water output port on the water tank, the water storage entrance and The water outlet is connected to the inner space of the water tank, and the water storage entrance is used to that liquid to be added to the inside of the water tank, The water outlet is used for tapping, and the hot water output port is connected with the inner space of the water tank, the hot water output Mouth is used for tapping.
It can be by timely exporting the liquid in water tank, and the liquid of room temperature is passed through into water tank simultaneously, it just can guarantee water The temperature of liquid in case can guarantee the abundant suction for the waste heat that liquid absorbs tube channel when entering in circulation path It receives, improves exhaust-heat absorption rate and utilization rate.Also, export the liquid in water tank at any time convenient for user, guarantee user for The usage experience sense of entire residual heat using device.
Further, the residual heat using device further includes solenoid valve and temperature sensing package, and the temperature sensing package is set to the water Inside case, and the temperature for detecting the water tank internal liquid.The solenoid valve is installed on the water outlet.The temperature sensing package It is electrically connected with the solenoid valve, and for being controlled when the temperature for detecting liquid is assigned temperature described in the solenoid valve unlatching Water outlet.
Further, the residual heat using device further includes water-level gauge, and the water-level gauge is set to inside the water tank, and For detecting the liquid level of the water tank internal liquid.The water-level gauge is electrically connected with the solenoid valve, and for detecting liquid The water level of body controls the solenoid valve and closes the water outlet when being lower than specified water level.
To solve the above problems, the present invention also provides a kind of technical solutions:
A kind of residual heat using device, including water tank, water pump, heat exchanger and UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks, the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks Including tube channel and multiple fins.The tube channel is bent and surrounds annular, and the both ends of the tube channel are respectively arranged with feed liquor Mouth and liquid outlet.Multiple fins are all connected to the tube channel, and are set at least side of the tube channel, Duo Gesuo State the setting of fin interval.The tube channel and multiple fins surround accommodating cavity jointly, and the accommodating cavity is for accommodating stove mouth. The heat exchanger is connected to by the inlet and the liquid outlet with the tube channel, and forms circulation path, the water pump It is set to inside the heat exchanger, and the water pump is used to that liquid to be driven to recycle in the circulation path, the heat exchanger It is set to inside the water tank.
Residual heat using device provided by the invention fills the beneficial effect of the prior art and the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN of above-mentioned offer Set identical for the beneficial effect of the prior art, details are not described herein.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks provided in first embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks provided in first embodiment of the invention and the relative position schematic diagram of stove mouth;
Fig. 3 is enlarged structure schematic diagram local in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the arrangement architecture schematic diagram of tube channel in other embodiments of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks heat loss through convection schematic diagram provided in first embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the residual heat using device provided in second embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of the residual heat using device provided in third embodiment of the invention.
Description of symbols:
1,2- residual heat using device;3- stove mouth;11- UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks;12- water storage entrance;13- water outlet;14- temperature-sensitive Packet;15- water-level gauge;16- hot water output port;17- heat exchanger;18- circulation path;19- water tank;20- water pump;100- tube channel; 110- accommodating cavity;120- inlet;130- liquid outlet;200- fin;The first caloradiance of 210-;The second caloradiance of 220-; The angle 230- α;The angle 240- β;300- carries fin.
Specific embodiment
To make the above purposes, features and advantages of the invention more obvious and understandable, with reference to the accompanying drawing to the present invention Specific embodiment be described in detail.
First embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, providing a kind of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11 in the present embodiment, it is used to be placed in gas-cooker, and And the waste heat of the flame of the generation of stove mouth 3 for absorbing gas-cooker, and waste heat is used to heat and is located in UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11 The liquid in portion, to realize the purpose of waste heat recycling.The waste heat benefit that the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11 provided in the present embodiment can improve With rate, and it can be reduced the heat radiation near gas-cooker.
It should be noted that in the present embodiment, the stove mouth 3 of gas-cooker can generate flame, and the radius and stove of flame The radius of mouth 3 is roughly the same.Wherein, the stove mouth 3 for generating flame can be understood as the components such as fire cover or burner in stove mouth. The radius of provided flame is equal to the radius of stove mouth 3 in the present embodiment, and similarly, the tangent line of stove mouth 3 is that is, flame Tangent line.
UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11 includes tube channel 100 and multiple fins 200.Wherein, tube channel 100 surrounds annular, and Tube channel 100 has inlet 120 and liquid outlet 130.Wherein, for tube channel 100 for being passed through liquid, i.e. liquid can pass through feed liquor Mouth 120 is passed through tube channel 100, and exports tube channel 100 by liquid outlet 130.Multiple fins 200 are all connected to tube channel 100, Multiple fins 200 are set to the wherein side of tube channel 100.
In the present embodiment, multiple fins 200 are set to the side in tube channel 100 on above-mentioned annular axis direction. In addition, the setting of multiple intervals of fin 200.It should be appreciated that in other embodiments, fin 200 also can be set in tube channel 100 Other side directions, for example, tube channel 100 is passed through from multiple fins 200, the surrounding of tube channel 100 is provided with rib at this time Piece.
It should be noted that tube channel 100 and multiple fins 200 surround accommodating cavity 110 jointly, accommodating cavity 110 is for holding Stove mouth 3 is set, stove mouth 3 can be placed in inside accommodating cavity 110, then the cookware heated will be needed to be placed in UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks On 11, just waste heat can be carried out by tube channel 100 and multiple fins 200 while stove mouth 3 generates flame heating cookware It is absorbed and utilized.Wherein fin 200 can be also used for being transferred to tube channel 100 after absorbing heat, so that tube channel 100 can be used Heat in the heat tube channel 100 of absorption.
It should be noted that referring to Fig. 5, in the present embodiment, when the stove mouth 3 being located inside accommodating cavity 110 generates fire When flame, flame can generate two kinds of heat, and one of which is radiations heat energy, can direct irradiation in tube channel 100 and On multiple fins 200, heat can be directly absorbed by tube channel 100 and multiple fins 200;Another kind is convection heat, i.e., fiery Flame can generate hot-fluid when burning, hot-fluid can flow out accommodating cavity 110 by the spacing between multiple fins 200, and hot-fluid is being worn at this time It crosses gap Shi Nengyu tube channel 100 and multiple fins 200 carries out heat exchange, be at this time heat convection, pass through setting for multiple fins Mode is set, tube channel 100 and more when the contact area of hot-fluid and multiple fins 200 can be made to increase, and then improving heat convection The heat absorption efficiency of a fin 200, just can improve the utilization rate of waste heat of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 10.
In the present embodiment, tube channel 100 surrounds circular ring shape, i.e., at this point, accommodating cavity 110 is substantially cylindrical.Further Ground, multiple fins 200 form angle by the center line of the fin 200 with accommodating cavity 110, can be located at accommodating cavity The heat radiation of the flame that the stove mouth 3 at 110 centers generates radially is irradiated on tube channel 100 or multiple fins 200.It needs Illustrate, the heat radiation of flame radially refers to, the heat radiation that flame gives out towards 110 inner wall of accommodating cavity.Pass through Tube channel 100 and multiple fins 200 absorb whole heat radiations that flame generates, and can make tube channel 100 and multiple fins 200 The waste heat that flame generates fully is absorbed, and then improves the utilization rate of the waste heat generated for flame.In addition, it is necessary to explanation It is, in the present embodiment, due to can fully absorb the waste heat of flame generation by tube channel 100 and multiple fins 200, in turn It is reduced so that distributing to the heat outside UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11, then can reduce the temperature outside UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11.
It should be noted that the tube channel 100 of the circular ring shape provided in the present embodiment is preferred embodiment, in other implementations In example, tube channel 100 can also form other shapes, and the shape for only needing tube channel 100 to surround can adapt to the shape of cookware ?.
In the present embodiment, multiple fins 200 are center array in tube channel 100 using the central axes of accommodating cavity 110, more A fin 200 is identical by the center line formation angle of the fin 200 as accommodating cavity 110, here, with one of fin 200 For illustrate.
Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 are please referred to, there is h point on fin 200.Wherein, h point can be any one on fin 200 Point.When stove mouth 3 is placed in 110 center of accommodating cavity, by h point formed stove mouth 3 tangent line be the first caloradiance 210, h point with The line of 3 central point of stove mouth is the second caloradiance 220.It should be noted that h point can be any point on fin 200, Such as figure, h point is located at fin 200 close to one end of stove mouth 3.α is formed between first caloradiance 210 and the second caloradiance 220 Angle 230, it should be noted that the angle α 230 is acute angle.Fin 200 and 220 shape of the second caloradiance at angle β 240.In the present embodiment The middle angle α 230 is less than the angle β 240, so that the radiation that stove mouth 3 generates can be irradiated in the fin 200 or the fin 200 is adjacent Fin 200 on.
It should be noted that for the h point on above-mentioned fin 200 two tangent lines, stove mouth can be generated with stove mouth 3 by h point 3 flames generated can be between two tangent lines the radiation of h point, when the angle α 230 is less than the angle 240 β, be avoided that stove The heat radiation that the flames that mouth 3 generates issue is parallel to the injection of fin 200, that is, can guarantee the radiation for the flame generation that stove mouth 3 generates It can be irradiated on fin 200.
Further, the distance between two neighboring fin 200 is m, it should be noted that in the present embodiment, every two A adjacent fin 200 is not parallel between each other, and the distance between two neighboring fin 200 refers at this time, two fins The distance between 200 central points.M meets:
Distance by making two neighboring fin 200 meets above-mentioned formula, that is, is able to achieve the flame hair when stove mouth 3 generates When radiation out just extends out beside one of fin 200, caloradiance can be connect by another fin 200 It receives, so that the radiation energy that the flame that stove mouth 3 generates generates all is irradiated on multiple fins 200, had both improved fin 200 For the absorption rate for the waste heat that flame generates.
It should be noted that in the present embodiment, R1 is the radius of stove mouth 3.R2 is the inside radius of accommodating cavity 110.R3 is The outer radius for the annular that tube channel 100 surrounds.In addition, wherein the inside radius of accommodating cavity 110 refers to, which is set Tube channel 100 surround annular inside radius.
Further, in the present embodiment, m > 6mm.
Wherein, in such a way that m is set greater than 6mm, to guarantee that the gap formed between multiple fins 200 is able to satisfy The air-flow and external air-flow being sufficiently completed inside accommodating cavity 110 carry out convection current, guarantee that stove mouth 3 generates the stabilization of flame, keep away Exempt from the case where causing flame easily to extinguish.
In addition, in the present embodiment, the annular that tube channel 100 surrounds forms central plane, and fin 200 is in central plane Section is arc-shaped, triangle, parallelogram, rectangle or trapezoidal.
It should be noted that in the above description, tube channel 100 can be one, and the side of tube channel 100 at this time It is provided with fin 200, multiple fins 200 can be placed in stove using fin 200 as the supporting body of tube channel 100 at this time On platform, and stove mouth 3 is placed in 110 center of accommodating cavity, can directly accept cookware by tube channel 100 at this time, and then can pass through Stove mouth 3 generates flame and heats to cookware, and is absorbed simultaneously by tube channel 100 and multiple fins 200 to the waste heat of flame It utilizes.Alternatively, it is also possible to which tube channel 100 to be placed on hearth, to provide carrying to multiple fins 200 by tube channel 100 Effect, while stove mouth 3 being placed in accommodating cavity 110.Then cookware can be placed directly on multiple fins 200, by more A fin 200 provides carrying effect to cookware.
In the present embodiment, tube channel 100 is multiple, and multiple tube channels 100 surround annular.100 layers of multiple tube channels Folded setting, and multiple tube channels 100 are spaced apart from each other.Specifically, in the present embodiment, the annular that multiple tube channels 100 surround It is arranged concentrically.In addition, being provided with multiple fins 200 between every two adjacent tube channel 100.Wherein, multiple ribs can be passed through Piece 200 is provided a supporting role between multiple tube channels 100, to guarantee the mutual stable distance of multiple tube channels 100, Guarantee the stability of entire UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11.In addition, the absorption of flame waste heat can be carried out by multiple fins 200.
That is, in the present embodiment, it is possible to right by multiple fins 200 between multiple tube channels 100 and multiple tube channels 100 The waste heat of flame is absorbed and utilized, and the absorption rate of the waste heat generated for flame is further improved.
Wherein, each tube channel 100 all has inlet 120 and liquid outlet 130.In the present embodiment, multiple tube channels 100 are interconnected, so that multiple tube channels 100 can be formed to a fluid loop, and then extend liquid in entire waste heat benefit With the flow path in cooker racks 11, liquid is enabled to receive sufficient heating, equally can also enable liquid fully to absorb logical The heat that deferent 100 transmits, and then improve utilization rate of waste heat.
It should be noted that in other embodiments, being also possible to multiple tube channels 100 and forming liquid flowing independently of each other Access.
In addition, when multiple tube channels 100 are interconnected, can be carried out by the inlet 120 of two tube channels 100 into Liquid, and the liquid outlet of two tube channels 100 130 is connected with the inlet 120 of other two tube channel 100, then pass through The liquid outlet 130 of other two tube channel 100 carries out out liquid, that is, forms the scheme of Two In and Two Out, such as Fig. 4;Similarly, it can be formed Four into four schemes gone out, can be by being connected to an inlet tube for the inlet 120 of four tube channels 100, and then can pass through Inlet tube is passed through liquid into four tube channels 100 simultaneously, is equally connected to four liquid outlets 130 by an outlet tube, with Collect the export for going out liquid and completing liquid of multiple tube channels 100 by outlet tube.Similarly, can also be arranged three into one go out, three into Three go out etc. schemes, details are not described herein.
Further, in the present embodiment, the radius that multiple tube channels 100 surround is identical, so that multiple tube channels 100 Cylindrical accommodating cavity 110, the absorption convenient for tube channel 100 to flame waste heat can be surrounded.In addition, also ensuring for waste heat benefit With the processing efficiency of cooker racks 11.
In the present embodiment, the multiple fins 200 being arranged between every two tube channel 100 form one layer of fin layer.Wherein, Multiple fins 200 in every layer of fin layer are mutual to be equidistant, i.e., in the present embodiment, multiple in every layer of fin layer Fin 200 is uniformly arranged.By the multiple fins 200 being uniformly arranged, the difficulty of processing of multiple fins 200 can be made to reduce, mentioned Processing efficiency of the height for fin 200.In addition, by multiple fins 200 for being uniformly arranged so that every two fin 200 it Between the gap that is formed it is identical, the waste heat that just can guarantee that each fin 200 absorbs at this time is suitable, is avoided that multiple fins 200 mutually Between the temperature difference it is larger and caused by be cracked, the service life of entire UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11 can be extended.
It should be appreciated that in other embodiments, can also set uneven for the distance of fins 200 multiple in every layer , it only needs so that the distance between two adjacent fins 200 m meets:
?.
Further, in the present embodiment, in multilayer fin layer, multiple fins 200 in every layer of fin layer it is mutual it Between distance successively increase.It should be noted that wherein, in UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11, in fin layer multiple fins 200 mutually away from From lesser one end for carrying cookware.That is, when UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11 is placed on hearth, in the fin layer that is located above Multiple fins 200 between mutual distance it is smaller.Due to, flame from close to 3 one end of stove mouth to far from 3 one end temperature of stove mouth by Edge up height, i.e., so that flame is more far from the waste heat that one end of stove mouth 3 generates, since multiple 200 mutual distances of fin are lesser 200 quantity of fin is relatively more in fin layer, and gap between them is smaller, just can be by multiple fins 200 between each other The fully absorption for waste heat is realized apart from lesser fin layer, further increases the utilization of the waste heat generated for flame Rate.By the set-up mode, multiple fins 200 is enabled to be convenient for the stream of air-flow apart from biggish side fin layer between each other It is logical, so that with the air of enough burnings inside accommodating cavity 110, and then can guarantee the stability of flame.
In addition, in UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11, close to multiple fins 200 one end apart from lesser fin layer between each other It is additionally provided with carrying fin 300, carrying fin 300 is set to the side in tube channel 100 far from fin layer.Wherein, carrier rib Piece 300 for carrying cookware, to avoid cookware directly and the contact of tube channel 100 and cause the abrasion of tube channel 100, and then extension The service life of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11.
Wherein, it should be noted that carrying fin 300 be it is multiple, multiple carrying fins 300 are arranged at intervals at tube channel On 100, also, the inside of multiple carrying fins 300 is arc, so that the inside of multiple carrying fins 300 is collectively formed Spherical surface, in order to stable carrying cookware.
It should be noted that in the present embodiment, flame upwardly extends after generating from stove mouth 3, when UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11 are placed in hearth, and stove mouth 3 is located inside accommodating cavity 110, and at the same time when cookware is placed on carrying fin 300, Flame can generate diffusion when touching cookware bottom, and partial radius of the flame close to cookware bottom increases at this time, at this time radius The part flame of increase can directly absorb waste heat by carrying fin 300, i.e., the part flame that radius increases is not counted in above-mentioned phase Between adjacent fin 200 in the computer capacity of the calculation formula of distance m.
The UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11 provided in the present embodiment can make flame by the way that flame to be placed in accommodating cavity 110 The waste heat energy of generation directly passes through tube channel 100 and fin 200 absorbs, and fin 200 can be transferred to tube channel after absorbing heat 100, it just by the exhaust-heat absorption of flame generation and can be used to heat the liquid by tube channel 100, to realize the suction of flame waste heat It receives and utilizes, tube channel 100 is transferred heat to by fin 200, the waste heat of flame is utilized to a greater extent, and then improve For the utilization rate for the flame waste heat that gas-cooker generates.In addition, passing through fin 200 and tube channel 100 for the waste heat of flame The liquid for absorbing and being used in heating tube channel 100, so that the heat passed out outside UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11 is reduced, in turn So that the temperature outside UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11 reduces, the experience sense that gas-cooker comfortably uses can be improved.
Second embodiment
Referring to Fig. 6, providing a kind of residual heat using device 1 in the present embodiment, which employs provide in first embodiment UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks 11.And the residual heat using device 1 can improve the utilization rate of waste heat that gas-cooker generates flame.
In the present embodiment, residual heat using device 1 includes the waste heat benefit provided in water tank 19, water pump 20 and first embodiment With cooker racks 11.Wherein, water tank 19 is for containing liquid.Water tank 19 by the inlet 120 of tube channel 100 and liquid outlet 130 with Tube channel 100 is connected, so that circulation path 18 is collectively formed in water tank 19 and tube channel 100.Water pump 20 is connected to water tank 19, So that power can be provided to liquid by water pump 20, so that liquid can recycle in circulation path 18.It needs to illustrate It is that in the present embodiment, by communicating pipe (figure is not marked) connection between water tank 19 and tube channel 100, which is existing Technology, details are not described herein.
It under driving effect of the liquid in water pump 20, can be recycled in circulation path 18, when liquid flows to channel When 100 inside of pipe, just can the heat that absorbs of absorbing path pipe 100, and then liquid is heated, then liquid reflux to water tank In 19, that is, it is able to achieve and the liquid in water tank 19 is heated using the waste heat that flame generates.
It should be noted that in the present embodiment, water pump 20 is set to inside water tank 19.
Further, water storage entrance 12 and water outlet 13 are additionally provided on water tank 19, water storage entrance 12 and water outlet 13 are equal It is connected with the inner space of water tank 19, so that liquid can be added into water tank 19 by water storage entrance 12, water outlet can be passed through Mouth 13 exports the liquid in water tanks 19.
In addition, water outlet 13 is provided with solenoid valve, solenoid valve is for being selectively opened or closing water outlet 13, in turn Realize the liquid selectively exported in water tank 19.Wherein, solenoid valve is used for the opening when the temperature of liquid reaches assigned temperature Water outlet, so that water outlet 13 can export the water in water tank 19.Also, solenoid valve is also used to be lower than specified water in liquid level Water outlet 13 is closed when position, to prepare to be passed through the liquid of room temperature into water tank 19, guarantees that the liquid in water tank 19 can be logical in circulation The ability of heat is effectively absorbed in road 18.
Wherein, residual heat using device 1 further includes temperature sensing package 14 and water-level gauge 15, and temperature sensing package 14 and water-level gauge 15 are all set in Inside water tank 19.Temperature sensing package 14 is used to detect the temperature of liquid in water tank 19.Also, temperature sensing package 14 is electrically connected with the solenoid valve, and Solenoid valve is opened when for reaching assigned temperature in the temperature for detecting liquid, so that water outlet 13 can be opened by solenoid valve And the liquid inside discharge part water tank 19.Water-level gauge 15 is used to detect the water level of liquid in water tank 19.Also, 15 He of water-level gauge Solenoid valve electrical connection can pass through control electricity when water-level gauge 15 detects that the water level in water tank 19 is reduced to specified water level or less Magnet valve closes and then controls water outlet 13 and closes, at this time just can be by water storage entrance 12 to the liquid for being passed through room temperature inside water tank 19 Body.
A kind of control method of residual heat using device 1 is additionally provided in the present embodiment, which can guarantee for remaining The efficiency of heat absorption.Control method is as follows:
The liquid of specified amount is passed through into water tank 19 by water storage entrance 12;When liquid is enough, liquid is driven by water pump 20 Body is recycled in circulation path 18, while circulation, and can absorbing path pipe 100 is inhaled in tube channel 100 by liquid The waste heat of the flame of receipts, and then realize the purpose heated to liquid;When liquid recycled in circulation path 18 it is same When, it flows through tube channel 100 and the liquid that is heated by tube channel 100 is flowed into water tank 19 and mixed with the liquid of room temperature, just The temperature of liquid in water tank 19 can be improved;When temperature sensing package 14 detects that the fluid temperature in water tank 19 reaches assigned temperature, just It is opened by control solenoid valve so that water outlet 13 is opened and export section liquid;When tapping makes the water inside water tank 19 When position is lower than specified water level, water-level gauge 15 detects that water level is lower than specified water level and controls solenoid valve closing, so that water outlet Mouth 13 is closed, and normal-temperature water is passed through into water tank 19 by water storage entrance 12 simultaneously, just can guarantee the temperature of the liquid in water tank 19 It spends in assigned temperature hereinafter, the waste heat that just can guarantee that the liquid being passed through into circulation path 18 can absorb tube channel 100 is abundant Ground absorbs.
In addition, in the present embodiment, hot water output port 16 is additionally provided on water tank 19, hot water output port 16 is connected to water tank 19 inner space, and hot water output port 16 is used for tapping.It should be noted that in the present embodiment, hot water output Hand control valve is provided on mouth 16, user can pass through the liquid in hand control valve export water tank 19 at any time.
3rd embodiment
Referring to Fig. 7, providing a kind of residual heat using device 2 in the present embodiment, gas-cooker can be improved and generate flame Utilization rate of waste heat.
It should be noted that the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN that the residual heat using device 2 provided in the present embodiment and second embodiment provide The difference of device 1 is that the residual heat using device 2 provided in the present embodiment further includes heat exchanger 17.
In the present embodiment, heat exchanger 17 is set to inside water tank 19, also, heat exchanger 17 by tube channel 100 into Liquid mouth 120 and liquid outlet 130 are connected to tube channel 100, so that tube channel 100 and heat exchanger 17 form circulation path 18, and And in the present embodiment, water pump 20 is connected to heat exchanger 17, to drive liquid to be followed in circulation path 18 by water pump 20 Ring.It should be noted that in the present embodiment, it, should by communicating pipe (figure is not marked) connection between heat exchanger 17 and tube channel 100 Set-up mode is the prior art, and details are not described herein.
In the present embodiment, it is possible to be flowed in circulation path 18 by liquid, so that the suction of liquid absorption tube channel 100 The waste heat of receipts can pass through heat exchanger 17 for liquid absorption then when liquid flows to heat exchanger 17 in circulation path 18 Heat sheds, and the liquid in water tank 19 can be made to be heated.
Although present disclosure is as above, present invention is not limited to this.Anyone skilled in the art are not departing from this It in the spirit and scope of invention, can make various changes or modifications, therefore protection scope of the present invention should be with claim institute Subject to the range of restriction.

Claims (16)

1. a kind of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks, which is characterized in that the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks (11) includes tube channel (100) and multiple ribs Piece (200);
The tube channel (100) is bent and surrounds annular, and the tube channel (100) is provided with inlet (120) and liquid outlet (130);
Multiple fins (200) are all connected to the tube channel (100), and are set at least the one of the tube channel (100) Side, multiple fin (200) interval settings;
The tube channel (100) and multiple fins (200) surround accommodating cavity (110) jointly, and the accommodating cavity (110) is used for It accommodates stove mouth (3).
2. UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks according to claim 1, which is characterized in that each fin (200) with it is described The annular that tube channel (100) surrounds forms angle by the center line of the fin (200), and can be located at the accommodating cavity (110) heat radiation of the flame that the stove mouth (3) at center generates radially is irradiated in the tube channel (100) or multiple The fin (200).
3. UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks according to claim 2, which is characterized in that when the stove mouth (3) is placed in the appearance When setting chamber (110) center, there is h point on the fin (200), is the first hot spoke by the tangent line that h point forms the stove mouth (3) Ray (210), the line of h point and stove mouth (3) central point are the second caloradiance (220), first caloradiance (210) and Shape is (230) at α angle between second caloradiance (220), and the angle α (230) is acute angle;The two neighboring fin It the distance between (200) is m;
Wherein, R1 is the radius of the stove mouth (3), and R2 is the inside radius of the accommodating cavity (110), and R3 is the tube channel (100) outer radius of the annular surrounded.
4. UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the fin (200) and second heat Radiation (220) shape is at angle β (240), and the angle β is acute angle;
The angle α (230) is less than the angle β (240).
5. the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks according to claim 3 or 4, which is characterized in that m > 6mm.
6. UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the tube channel (100) be it is multiple, it is multiple The tube channel (100) surrounds annular;
Multiple tube channels (100) are interconnected, and multiple tube channels (100) are stacked, and are spaced apart from each other;
Multiple fins (200) are provided between the every two adjacent tube channel (100).
7. UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the two neighboring tube channel of connection (100) multiple fins (200) form one layer of fin (200) layer;
In every layer of fin (200) layer, the distance between adjacent described fin (200) of every two is equal.
8. UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks according to claim 7, which is characterized in that in the fin described in multilayer (200) layer, often The mutual distance of multiple fins (200) in layer fin (200) layer successively increases.
9. UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks (11) further includes It carries fin (300), the carrying fin (300) is for carrying cookware.
10. UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks according to claim 6, which is characterized in that multiple tube channels (100) surrounded Annular radius is identical.
11. UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the annular that the tube channel (100) surrounds Form central plane, the section of fin (200) the Yu Suoshu central plane is arc-shaped, triangle, parallelogram, rectangle or Person is trapezoidal.
12. a kind of residual heat using device, which is characterized in that including water tank (19), water pump (20) and as appointed in claim 1-11 UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks (11) described in meaning one, the water tank (19) pass through the inlet (120) and the liquid outlet (130) It being connected to the tube channel (100), and forms circulation path (18), the water pump (20) is connected to the water tank (19), and The water pump (20) is for driving liquid circulation in the circulation path (18).
13. residual heat using device according to claim 12, which is characterized in that be additionally provided with water storage on the water tank (19) Entrance (12), water outlet (13) and hot water output port (16), the water storage entrance (12) and the water outlet (13) with it is described The inner space of water tank (19) is connected to, and the water storage entrance (12) is used to the inside of the water tank (19) be added liquid, it is described go out The mouth of a river (13) is used for tapping, and the hot water output port (16) is connected with the inner space of the water tank (19), the heat Water output (16) is used for tapping.
14. residual heat using device according to claim 13, which is characterized in that the residual heat using device (1,2) is also wrapped Solenoid valve and temperature sensing package (14) are included, it is internal that the temperature sensing package (14) is set to the water tank (19), and for detecting the water tank (19) temperature of internal liquid;
The solenoid valve is installed on the water outlet (13);
The temperature sensing package (14) is electrically connected with the solenoid valve, and for the control when the temperature for detecting liquid is assigned temperature The solenoid valve opens the water outlet (13).
15. residual heat using device according to claim 13, which is characterized in that the residual heat using device (1,2) is also wrapped Solenoid valve and water-level gauge (15) are included, it is internal that the water-level gauge (15) is set to the water tank (19), and for detecting the water tank (19) liquid level of internal liquid;
The solenoid valve is installed on the water outlet (13);
The water-level gauge (15) is electrically connected with the solenoid valve, and for being lower than specified water level time control in the water level for detecting liquid It makes the solenoid valve and closes the water outlet (13).
16. a kind of residual heat using device, which is characterized in that including water tank (19), water pump (20), heat exchanger (17) and as right is wanted UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN cooker racks (11) described in any one of 1-11 are asked, the heat exchanger (17) passes through the inlet (120) and institute It states liquid outlet (130) to be connected to the tube channel (100), and forms circulation path (18), the water pump (20) is set to described Heat exchanger (17) is internal, and the water pump (20) is for driving liquid circulation, heat exchange in the circulation path (18) It is internal that device (17) is set to the water tank (19).
CN201811628808.9A 2018-12-28 Waste heat utilization pot rack and waste heat utilization device Active CN109519985B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811628808.9A CN109519985B (en) 2018-12-28 Waste heat utilization pot rack and waste heat utilization device

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CN109519985A true CN109519985A (en) 2019-03-26
CN109519985B CN109519985B (en) 2024-06-11

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CN113669764A (en) * 2021-08-12 2021-11-19 重庆市佳欣达五金科技有限公司 Energy-conserving water heater in kitchen range room with waste heat utilization
CN113669764B (en) * 2021-08-12 2024-03-29 重庆市佳欣达五金科技有限公司 Kitchen range energy-saving water heater with waste heat utilization

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