CN109509587A - A kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine - Google Patents

A kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109509587A
CN109509587A CN201811612415.9A CN201811612415A CN109509587A CN 109509587 A CN109509587 A CN 109509587A CN 201811612415 A CN201811612415 A CN 201811612415A CN 109509587 A CN109509587 A CN 109509587A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conductor
back twist
gear
strand
stranding machine
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CN201811612415.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109509587B (en
Inventor
何如森
黄华生
何园方
李海峰
王维敏
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Changzhou Henglong Special Wire Co Ltd
Changzhou Hengfeng Ltd By Share Ltd
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Changzhou Henglong Special Wire Co Ltd
Changzhou Hengfeng Ltd By Share Ltd
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Priority to CN201811612415.9A priority Critical patent/CN109509587B/en
Publication of CN109509587A publication Critical patent/CN109509587A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B13/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing conductors or cables
    • H01B13/02Stranding-up
    • H01B13/0235Stranding-up by a twisting device situated between a pay-off device and a take-up device
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B13/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing conductors or cables
    • H01B13/02Stranding-up
    • H01B13/0207Details; Auxiliary devices
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B13/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing conductors or cables
    • H01B13/02Stranding-up
    • H01B13/0292After-treatment

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Processes Specially Adapted For Manufacturing Cables (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machines, belong to cage stranding machine field.Cage stranding machine of the invention, including power drive mechanism, conductor strand mechanism, conductor winding mechanism and conductor take-up mechanism, power drive mechanism is sequentially connected with conductor strand mechanism and conductor winding mechanism respectively, is coiled and is wound in conductor take-up mechanism after the sizing of conductor winding mechanism by the twisted stranded conductor formed of conductor strand mechanism unwrapping wire.The present invention ensures that unwrapping wire position is fixed using multistage back twist gear set always, cooperate buncher driving conductor spiral sizing simultaneously, the unstable caused stranded conductor broken string of traditional cage stranding machine unwrapping wire is effectively prevented, stock is jumped, plays the problems such as torsion and cross-sectional area of conductor roundness, can accurately control stranded conductor section roundness and stranded conductor pitch and twist to, equipment operation is easy, safety coefficient is high, is suitable for that extraordinary conductor is extensive, the twisted production of high efficiency.

Description

A kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cage stranding machines, more specifically to a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage Stranding machine.
Background technique
With the continuous development of China's generation information technology industry, aerospace, electronic device and medical instrument, to letter Number transmission is with electric wire inner conductor for cable from signal transmission performance, mechanical performance, oxidation and corrosion performance and adverse circumstances Good conductor stability etc. is kept to propose new challenge.The internal conductor material of wire and cable signal transmission is from general Bare copper wire develop to subsequent plated film copper wire (silver-plated, nickel plating and tin plating) and Recent study multiply plated film it is high-intensitive, High conductivity copper alloy stranded conductor and multiply Novel film-coated lightweight composite material stranded conductor etc..Inner conductor is used in signal transmission The raising of material property, so that we encounter new mechanical equipment automation control problem during stranded conductor, commonly Copper wire is no longer satisfied the requirement of not damaged, the efficient production of extraordinary conductor of new generation with cage stranding machine.
Summary of the invention
1. technical problems to be solved by the inivention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the above problem existing for existing cage stranding machine, a kind of multiply special type conductor is provided Twisted back twist cage stranding machine ensures that unwrapping wire position is solid using multistage back twist gear set using technical solution of the present invention always It is fixed, while cooperating buncher driving conductor spiral sizing, effectively prevent that traditional cage stranding machine unwrapping wire is unstable to be caused Stranded conductor broken string, jump stock, rise and turn round and the problems such as cross-sectional area of conductor roundness, can accurately control stranded conductor section roundness With stranded conductor pitch and twist easy to, equipment operation, safety coefficient is high, is suitable for that extraordinary conductor is extensive, high efficiency twists Symphysis produces.
2. technical solution
In order to achieve the above objectives, technical solution provided by the invention are as follows:
A kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine of the invention, including power drive mechanism, conductor strand Mechanism, conductor winding mechanism and conductor take-up mechanism, the power drive mechanism connect with conductor strand mechanism driving, are used for The rotary motion of conductor strand mechanism is driven, the conductor strand mechanism, conductor winding mechanism and conductor take-up mechanism are successively set Set, by the twisted stranded conductor formed of conductor strand mechanism unwrapping wire after the sizing of conductor winding mechanism in conductor take-up mechanism Coiling winding, wherein
The power drive mechanism is sequentially connected by buncher and conductor winding mechanism, for adjusting twisted lead The pitch size of body;
The conductor strand mechanism includes main shaft, multistage back twist gear set, traffic cycle, draw drum, draw drum seat and mould Seat, the main shaft are connected with power drive mechanism, and the traffic cycle is installed on the front end of main shaft, for main shaft It rotates to drive the multiple groups unwrapping wire disc spins being distributed on traffic cycle twisted, the multistage back twist gear set is installed on traffic cycle On, the draw drum is installed on the back twist gear of multistage back twist gear set by draw drum seat, for making draw drum with big Rotation back twist round about while turntable revolves, the die holder are installed on the rear end of main shaft.
Further, the multistage back twist gear set include central gear, transition gear, inside back twist gear, in Between transmission gear and outside back twist gear, the central gear do not rotated relative to traffic cycle, the inside back twist gear By transition gear and central gear engaged transmission, the outside back twist gear passes through intermediate drive gear and inside back twist tooth Engaged transmission is taken turns, is equipped with one group of draw drum seat on the inside back twist gear and outside back twist gear.
Further, the inside back twist gear is along the circumferential direction uniformly provided with 6 on traffic cycle, each inside Back twist gear passes through intermediate drive gear and is meshed with two outside back twist gears.
Further, the laying tension control for controlling corresponding draw drum laying tension is equipped on every group of draw drum seat Device processed and unwrapping wire guide wheel for controlling corresponding draw drum unwrapping wire position and angle.
Further, the front end of the die holder is additionally provided with the broken string of the normal operation for keeping conductor strand to work Alarm.
Further, the power drive mechanism include motor, twisted transmission mechanism, first volume line transmission mechanism, The output shaft of transmission shaft and volume Two line transmission mechanism, the motor is connect by twisted transmission mechanism with spindle drive, together When by first volume line transmission mechanism and connect the transmission shaft driven of buncher and connect, the buncher passes through the Two spiral transmission mechanisms and conductor winding mechanism are sequentially connected.
Further, the twisted transmission mechanism, first volume line transmission mechanism and volume Two line transmission mechanism are adopted Use synchronous belt drive mechanism.
Further, the conductor winding mechanism include master file line wheel, sizing reel, spiral tension controller, It twisting to control handle and encoder, the buncher is sequentially connected by volume Two line transmission mechanism and master file line wheel, The spiral tension controller is connected with master file line wheel, for controlling the sizing tension of stranded conductor, the encoder with Master file line wheel is connected, and for recording the whole disk length of stranded conductor, the strand is installed on the machine of master file line wheel to control handle On seat, for adjust the strand of stranded conductor to;The sizing reel is set to master file line wheel side, and stranded conductor successively bypasses It is coiled on conductor take-up mechanism after master file line wheel and sizing reel.
Further, the conductor take-up mechanism includes pedestal, servo motor, ball-screw, feed screw nut, torque Motor, take-up reel seat and top, the torque motor are installed on sliding seat board by motor cabinet, and the top passes through receipts Drum seat is installed on sliding seat board, and the torque motor and top are oppositely arranged, and is used for clamping take-up reel, the servo Motor is mounted on the base, and the output shaft of servo motor is connected with ball-screw, and the sliding seat board passes through feed screw nut On ball-screw.
It further, further include the shielded closure mechanism covered in conductor strand mechanism, the power drive mechanism Mechanism is mounted on chassis with conductor strand, and the shielded closure mechanism includes protection cabinet, limiter and linear guide, institute The linear guide stated is installed on chassis, and the bottom of the protection cabinet is installed in linear guide, the limiter peace Loaded in linear guide, for controlling stroke of the protection cabinet in linear guide.
3. beneficial effect
Using technical solution provided by the invention, compared with existing well-known technique, there is following remarkable result:
(1) a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine of the invention, power drive mechanism and conductor twist Close mechanism driving connection, while being sequentially connected by buncher and conductor winding mechanism, be effectively ensured conductor unwrapping wire and The consistency of stranded conductor winding avoids the defect that tradition adjusts stranded conductor pitch with more gear changing, stranded conductor pitch Range of choice is big, and pitch can be optional in a wide range of;Conductor strand mechanism utilizes multistage using multistage back twist gear set back twist Back twist gear set ensures that unwrapping wire position is fixed always, while cooperating buncher driving conductor spiral sizing, effectively prevents The broken string of stranded conductor caused by traditional cage stranding machine unwrapping wire is unstable jumps stock, plays the problems such as torsion and cross-sectional area of conductor roundness, can Accurately to control stranded conductor section roundness and stranded conductor pitch and twist to equipment operation is easy, and safety coefficient is high, fits , high efficiency twisted production extensive together in extraordinary conductor;
(2) a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine of the invention, during multistage back twist gear set includes Heart gear, transition gear, inside back twist gear, intermediate drive gear and outside back twist gear, central gear is relative to traffic cycle It does not rotate, back twist gear in inside passes through intermediate transmission tooth by transition gear and central gear engaged transmission, outside back twist gear Wheel and inside back twist gear engaged transmission, are equipped with one group of draw drum seat on inside back twist gear and outside back twist gear, so that Traffic cycle rotational angle and the unwrapping wire roundel rotational angle size same direction are on the contrary, further such that draw drum remains water Line is laid flat, stranded conductor realizes back twist, stranded conductor not clot during the twisting process;
(3) a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine of the invention, inside back twist gear is in traffic cycle On be along the circumferential direction uniformly provided with 6, each inside back twist gear passes through intermediate drive gear and two outside back twist gears It is meshed, solves and jump that stock, broken string, stranded conductor be not rounded, stranded conductor back twist during 7 strands or 19 strands extraordinary conductor strands It forms, the internal stress of stranded conductor, plays torsion, is twisted the problems such as outer diameter is unstable, reached extraordinary conductor back twist molding, twisted with one heart The purpose for closing disposable extrusion forming improves extraordinary conductor strand production efficiency, for the extraordinary conductor preparation of signal transmission and It is ensured using providing;
(4) a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine of the invention is equipped on every group of draw drum seat For controlling the payoff tension controller of corresponding draw drum laying tension and for controlling corresponding draw drum unwrapping wire position and angle Unwrapping wire guide wheel, using fixed center position unwrapping wire, so that ectonexine stranded conductor length is identical, so that laying tension size phase Together, unwrapping wire and takeup tension are stablized in stranding process;
(5) a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine of the invention, the position of die holder and mold size It is adjustable, facilitate adjustment twisting process and accurate control stranded conductor diameter, and be additionally provided with for keeping in the front end of die holder The wire break alarm of the normal operation of conductor strand work, can be monitored in real time twisted equipment operation condition;
(6) a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine of the invention, power drive mechanism include motor, Twisted transmission mechanism, first volume line transmission mechanism, transmission shaft and volume Two line transmission mechanism, are twisted transmission mechanism, the first spiral Transmission mechanism and volume Two line transmission mechanism are all made of synchronous belt drive mechanism, and drive mechanism is reliable and stable, has been effectively ensured and has led The consistency of body unwrapping wire and stranded conductor winding;
(7) a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine of the invention, conductor winding mechanism includes master file Line wheel, is twisted to control handle and encoder sizing reel, spiral tension controller, can be effectively controlled in spiral type-approval process Tensity size and stranded conductor production length, at the same twist to control handle can facilitate left and right adjusting conductor strand direction;
(8) a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine of the invention, conductor take-up mechanism use torque Motor drives take-up reel rotation to carry out take-up, and drum one end is fixed with top, and the other end is according to wire coil shaft away from flexible modulation;Simultaneously Servo motor drives ball-screw to be finely adjusted control winding displacement to take-up reel, and cable guide pulley is fixed during winding displacement, drum Move back and forth take-up, reduce the mantle friction of twisted wire and guide wheel, improves twisted wire quality.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of positive structure diagram of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine of the invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of overlooking structure diagram of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine of the invention;
Fig. 3 is distribution schematic diagram of the multistage back twist gear set on traffic cycle in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the shielded closure mechanism in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the conductor winding mechanism in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the conductor take-up mechanism in the present invention.
Label declaration in schematic diagram:
1, power drive mechanism;1-1, motor;1-2, twisted transmission mechanism;1-3, bearing block;1-4, the transmission of the first spiral Mechanism;1-5, transmission shaft;1-6, buncher;1-7, volume Two line transmission mechanism;2, conductor strand mechanism;2-1, main shaft; 2-2, multistage back twist gear set;2-2a, central gear;2-2b, transition gear;2-2c, inside back twist gear;2-2d, intermediate biography Moving gear;2-2e, outside back twist gear;2-3, traffic cycle;2-4, draw drum;2-5, draw drum seat;2-5a, laying tension control Device;2-5b, unwrapping wire guide wheel;2-6, wire break alarm;2-7, die holder;3, conductor winding mechanism;3-1, sizing reel;3-2, volume Line tension controller;3-3, it twists to control handle;3-4, encoder;4, conductor take-up mechanism;4-1, pedestal;4-2, servo electricity Machine;4-3, ball-screw;4-4, feed screw nut;4-5, torque motor;4-6, take-up reel seat;4-7, top;4-8, take-up reel;5, Chassis;6, shielded closure mechanism;6-1, protection cabinet;6-2, limiter;6-3, linear guide.
Specific embodiment
To further appreciate that the contents of the present invention, the present invention is described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Embodiment
Referring to figs. 1 and 2, a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine of the present embodiment, including it is dynamic Force transmission mechanism 1, conductor strand mechanism 2, conductor winding mechanism 3 and conductor take-up mechanism 4, power drive mechanism 1 and conductor twist It closes mechanism 2 to be mounted on chassis 5, power drive mechanism 1 and conductor strand mechanism 2 are sequentially connected, for driving conductor strand 2 rotary motion of mechanism, conductor strand mechanism 2, conductor winding mechanism 3 and conductor take-up mechanism 4 are set gradually, by conductor strand machine The twisted stranded conductor formed of 2 unwrapping wire of structure coils winding after the sizing of conductor winding mechanism 3 in conductor take-up mechanism 4.? In the present embodiment, power drive mechanism 1 is sequentially connected by buncher 1-6 and conductor winding mechanism 3, twisted for adjusting The pitch size of conductor;And power drive mechanism 1 and conductor strand mechanism 2 are sequentially connected, while passing through buncher 1-6 It is sequentially connected with conductor winding mechanism 3, the consistency of conductor unwrapping wire and stranded conductor winding has been effectively ensured, has avoided traditional use More gear changing adjusts the defect of stranded conductor pitch, and stranded conductor pitch range of choice is big, a wide range of interior pitch can be optional. In the present embodiment, using multi-stage gear engaged transmission, draw drum is made to remain that horizontal unwrapping wire, multiply special alloy conductor exist Back twist is completed in stranding process, stranded conductor not clot, acquisition flexibility is good, and roundness is high, not damaged stranded conductor.Specifically Ground, conductor strand mechanism 2 include main shaft 2-1, multistage back twist gear set 2-2, traffic cycle 2-3, draw drum 2-4, draw drum seat 2-5 With die holder 2-7, one end of main shaft 2-1 is installed on bearing block 1-3, and main shaft 2-1 is connected with power drive mechanism 1, traffic cycle 2-3 is installed on the front end of main shaft 2-1, drives the multiple groups unwrapping wire being distributed on traffic cycle 2-3 for rotating with main shaft 2-1 Disk 2-4 rotation is twisted, and multistage back twist gear set 2-2 is installed on traffic cycle 2-3, and draw drum 2-4 is installed by draw drum seat 2-5 In on the back twist gear of multistage back twist gear set 2-2, to Xiang Fanfang while for making draw drum 2-4 revolve with traffic cycle 2-3 To rotation back twist, die holder 2-7 is installed on the rear end of main shaft 2-1.Using multistage back twist gear set 2-2 back twist, multistage back twist is utilized Gear set 2-2 ensures that unwrapping wire position is fixed always, while cooperating buncher 1-6 driving conductor spiral sizing, effectively avoids The broken string of stranded conductor caused by traditional cage stranding machine unwrapping wire is unstable jumps stock, rises and turn round and the problems such as cross-sectional area of conductor roundness, Stranded conductor section roundness and stranded conductor pitch can accurately be controlled and twist easy to, equipment operation, safety coefficient is high, It is suitable for that extraordinary conductor is extensive, the twisted production of high efficiency.
As shown in figure 3, in the present embodiment, multistage back twist gear set 2-2 includes central gear 2-2a, transition gear 2- 2b, inside back twist gear 2-2c, intermediate drive gear 2-2d and outside back twist gear 2-2e, central gear 2-2a turn relative to big Disk 2-3 does not rotate, and can be installed on central gear 2-2a on bearing block 1-3, and inside back twist gear 2-2c passes through transition gear 2- 2b and central gear 2-2a engaged transmission, outside back twist gear 2-2e pass through intermediate drive gear 2-2d and inside back twist gear 2- 2c engaged transmission, is equipped with one group of draw drum seat 2-5 on inside back twist gear 2-2c and outside back twist gear 2-2e.When work, Main shaft 2-1 drives traffic cycle 2-3 rotation, traffic cycle 2-3 drive transition gear 2-2b thereon, inside back twist gear 2-2c, in Between transmission gear 2-2d and outside back twist gear 2-2e revolution, with traffic cycle 2-3 rotate, in the effect of central gear 2-2a Under, transition gear 2-2b makees rotation in the same direction, and then inside back twist gear 2-2c is driven to make reversed spinning motion, inside back twist Gear 2-2c drives outside back twist gear 2-2e to make reversed spinning motion further through intermediate drive gear 2-2d.In this way, making Traffic cycle 2-3 rotational angle is with the unwrapping wire roundel rotational angle size same direction on the contrary, further such that draw drum is protected always Water holding lays flat line, and stranded conductor realizes back twist, stranded conductor not clot during the twisting process.Preferably, inside back twist gear 2- 2c is along the circumferential direction uniformly provided with 6 on traffic cycle 2-3, and each inside back twist gear 2-2c passes through intermediate drive gear 2- 2d is meshed with two outside back twist gear 2-2e, and outside back twist gear 2-2e is also along the circumferential direction uniform on traffic cycle 2-3 Distribution, solve jump during 7 strands or 19 strands extraordinary conductor strands stock, broken string, stranded conductor be not rounded, stranded conductor back twist at Type, the internal stress of stranded conductor play torsion, are twisted the problems such as outer diameter is unstable, have reached extraordinary conductor back twist molding, concentric stranding The purpose of disposable extrusion forming, improves extraordinary conductor strand production efficiency, with extraordinary conductor preparation and makes for signal transmission It is ensured with providing.Nylon gear can be used in above-mentioned multistage back twist gear set 2-2.In addition, on every group of draw drum seat 2-5 Equipped with the payoff tension controller 2-5a for controlling corresponding draw drum 2-4 laying tension and for controlling corresponding draw drum 2-4 The unwrapping wire guide wheel 2-5b of unwrapping wire position and angle, using fixed center position unwrapping wire, so that ectonexine stranded conductor length is identical, So that laying tension size is identical, unwrapping wire and takeup tension are stablized in stranding process.Die holder 2-7 in the present embodiment is using adjustable Structure, the position of die holder 2-7 and mold are adjustable, facilitate adjustment twisting process and accurate control stranded conductor diameter, And it is additionally provided with the wire break alarm 2-6 of the normal operation for keeping conductor strand to work in the front end of die holder 2-7, it can be real-time Monitor twisted equipment operation condition.
It returns shown in Fig. 1, in the present embodiment, power drive mechanism 1 includes motor 1-1, twisted transmission mechanism 1-2, the The output shaft of a roll of line transmission mechanism 1-4, transmission shaft 1-5 and volume Two line transmission mechanism 1-7, motor 1-1 pass through twisted transmission Mechanism 1-2 and main shaft 2-1 are sequentially connected, while passing through first volume line transmission mechanism 1-4 and the transmission that connect buncher 1-6 Axis 1-5 transmission connection, buncher 1-6 are sequentially connected by volume Two line transmission mechanism 1-7 and conductor winding mechanism 3, and Twisted transmission mechanism 1-2, first volume line transmission mechanism 1-4 and volume Two line transmission mechanism 1-7 are all made of synchronous belt drive mechanism, Drive mechanism is reliable and stable, and the consistency of conductor unwrapping wire and stranded conductor winding has been effectively ensured.
As shown in figure 5, the conductor winding mechanism 3 in the present embodiment includes master file line wheel, sizing reel 3-1, spiral Force controller 3-2, twist to control handle 3-3 and encoder 3-4, buncher 1-6 by volume Two line transmission mechanism 1-7 with The synchronous belt in bevel gear transmission and volume Two line transmission mechanism 1-7 can be used in the transmission connection of master file line wheel, master file line wheel Wheel transmission connection, makes synchronous pulley and the rotation axis of master file line wheel perpendicular, master file line wheel by bevel gear transmission It is mounted on base with sizing reel 3-1, for winding sizing stranded conductor, spiral tension controller 3-2 and master file line Wheel is connected, for controlling the sizing tension of stranded conductor;Encoder 3-4 is connected with master file line wheel, for recording stranded conductor Whole disk length;Twist and be installed on the base of master file line wheel to control handle 3-3, for adjust the strand of stranded conductor to;Sizing volume Line wheel 3-1 is set to master file line wheel side, and stranded conductor is coiled in conductor receipts after successively bypassing master file line wheel and sizing reel 3-1 In line mechanism 4.
As shown in fig. 6, the conductor take-up mechanism 4 in the present embodiment includes pedestal 4-1, servo motor 4-2, ball-screw 4- 3, feed screw nut 4-4, torque motor 4-5, take-up reel seat 4-6 and top 4-7, torque motor 4-5 are installed on cunning by motor cabinet On dynamic seat board, top 4-7 is installed on sliding seat board by take-up reel seat 4-6, and torque motor 4-5 and top 4-7 are oppositely arranged, It is installed on pedestal 4-1 for clamping take-up reel 4-8, servo motor 4-2, the output shaft and ball-screw 4-3 of servo motor 4-2 It is connected, sliding seat board is set on ball-screw 4-3 by feed screw nut 4-4.When work, top 4-7 is driven by wind Retreat, be packed into take-up reel 4-8, then by top 4-7 by take-up reel 4-8 fix to clamp torque motor 4-5 and come directly towards 4-7 it Between, it can be used for different size of take-up reel 4-8 clamping;Torque motor 4-5 drives take-up reel 4-8 rotation winding, while servo electricity Machine 4-2 drives entire take-up reel 4-8 to move back and forth by ball-screw transmission mechanism, is finely adjusted control row to take-up reel 4-8 Line, cable guide pulley is fixed during winding displacement, and drum moves back and forth take-up, reduces the mantle friction of twisted wire and guide wheel, mentions High twisted wire quality.
As shown in figure 4, a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine of the present embodiment, further includes covering to lead Shielded closure mechanism 6 on body line twisting mechanism 2, shielded closure mechanism 6 include protection cabinet 6-1, limiter 6-2 and linear guide 6-3, Linear guide 6-3 is installed on chassis 5, and the bottom of protection cabinet 6-1 is installed on linear guide 6-3, and protection cabinet 6-1 can be It is slided on linear guide 6-3, limiter 6-2 is installed on linear guide 6-3, for controlling protection cabinet 6-1 in linear guide Stroke on 6-3 plays protective effect to equipment and operator by shielded closure mechanism 6.
A kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine of the invention, is ensured always using multistage back twist gear set Unwrapping wire position is fixed, while cooperating buncher driving conductor spiral sizing, effectively prevents traditional cage stranding machine unwrapping wire The broken string of stranded conductor caused by unstable jumps stock, plays the problems such as torsion and cross-sectional area of conductor roundness, can accurately control stranded conductor It section roundness and stranded conductor pitch and twists to having reached extraordinary conductor back twist molding, concentric stranding is disposably squeezed into The purpose of type, equipment operation are easy, and safety coefficient is high, are suitable for that extraordinary conductor is extensive, the twisted production of high efficiency, pass for signal Defeated made and used with extraordinary conductor provides guarantee.
Schematically the present invention and embodiments thereof are described above, description is not limiting, institute in attached drawing What is shown is also one of embodiments of the present invention, and actual structure is not limited to this.So if the common skill of this field Art personnel are enlightened by it, without departing from the spirit of the invention, without creatively designing and the technical solution Similar frame mode and embodiment, are within the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine, including power drive mechanism (1), conductor strand mechanism (2), Conductor winding mechanism (3) and conductor take-up mechanism (4), the power drive mechanism (1) and conductor strand mechanism (2) transmission connect It connects, for driving conductor strand mechanism (2) rotary motion, the conductor strand mechanism (2), conductor winding mechanism (3) and leads Body take-up mechanism (4) is set gradually, by the twisted stranded conductor formed of conductor strand mechanism (2) unwrapping wire by conductor winding mechanism (3) the coiling winding in conductor take-up mechanism (4) after being formed, it is characterised in that:
The power drive mechanism (1) is sequentially connected by buncher (1-6) and conductor winding mechanism (3), for adjusting Save the pitch size of stranded conductor;
The conductor strand mechanism (2) includes main shaft (2-1), multistage back twist gear set (2-2), traffic cycle (2-3), draw drum (2-4), draw drum seat (2-5) and die holder (2-7), the main shaft (2-1) is connected with power drive mechanism (1), described Traffic cycle (2-3) is installed on the front end of main shaft (2-1), is distributed in traffic cycle (2- for rotating with main shaft (2-1) to drive 3) multiple groups draw drum (2-4) rotation on is twisted, and the multistage back twist gear set (2-2) is installed on traffic cycle (2-3), institute The draw drum (2-4) stated is installed on the back twist gear of multistage back twist gear set (2-2) by draw drum seat (2-5), for making Rotation back twist round about while draw drum (2-4) revolves with traffic cycle (2-3), the die holder (2-7) are installed on master The rear end of axis (2-1).
2. a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Multistage back twist gear set (2-2) includes central gear (2-2a), transition gear (2-2b), inside back twist gear (2-2c), centre Transmission gear (2-2d) and outside back twist gear (2-2e), the central gear (2-2a) are not revolved relative to traffic cycle (2-3) Turn, the inside back twist gear (2-2c) is described by transition gear (2-2b) and central gear (2-2a) engaged transmission For outside back twist gear (2-2e) by intermediate drive gear (2-2d) and inside back twist gear (2-2c) engaged transmission, described is interior One group of draw drum seat (2-5) is equipped on side back twist gear (2-2c) and outside back twist gear (2-2e).
3. a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described Inside back twist gear (2-2c) is along the circumferential direction uniformly provided with 6 on traffic cycle (2-3), each inside back twist gear (2-2c) It is meshed by intermediate drive gear (2-2d) with two outside back twist gears (2-2e).
4. a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: every group puts It is equipped with the payoff tension controller (2-5a) for controlling corresponding draw drum (2-4) laying tension on drum seat (2-5) and uses In the unwrapping wire guide wheel (2-5b) for controlling corresponding draw drum (2-4) unwrapping wire position and angle.
5. a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described The front end of die holder (2-7) is additionally provided with the wire break alarm (2-6) of the normal operation for keeping conductor strand to work.
6. according to claim 1 to a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine, feature described in 5 any one Be: the power drive mechanism (1) includes motor (1-1), twisted transmission mechanism (1-2), first volume line transmission mechanism (1- 4), transmission shaft (1-5) and volume Two line transmission mechanism (1-7), the output shaft of the motor (1-1) is by being twisted transmission mechanism (1-2) and main shaft (2-1) are sequentially connected, at the same by first volume line transmission mechanism (1-4) with connect buncher (1-6) Transmission shaft (1-5) transmission connection, the buncher (1-6) pass through volume Two line transmission mechanism (1-7) and conductor spiral Mechanism (3) transmission connection.
7. a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: described Twisted transmission mechanism (1-2), first volume line transmission mechanism (1-4) and volume Two line transmission mechanism (1-7) are all made of synchronous belt biography Motivation structure.
8. a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: described Conductor winding mechanism (3) includes master file line wheel, sizing reel (3-1), spiral tension controller (3-2), twists to control handle (3-3) and encoder (3-4), the buncher (1-6) are passed by volume Two line transmission mechanism (1-7) and master file line wheel Dynamic connection, the spiral tension controller (3-2) is connected with master file line wheel, for controlling the sizing tension of stranded conductor, institute The encoder (3-4) stated is connected with master file line wheel, and for recording the whole disk length of stranded conductor, the strand is to control handle (3-3) is installed on the base of master file line wheel, for adjust the strand of stranded conductor to;The sizing reel (3-1) is set to Master file line wheel side, stranded conductor are coiled in conductor take-up mechanism (4) after successively bypassing master file line wheel and sizing reel (3-1) On.
9. a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: described Conductor take-up mechanism (4) includes pedestal (4-1), servo motor (4-2), ball-screw (4-3), feed screw nut (4-4), torque electricity Machine (4-5), take-up reel seat (4-6) and top (4-7), the torque motor (4-5) are installed on sliding seat board by motor cabinet On, the top (4-7) is installed on sliding seat board by take-up reel seat (4-6), the torque motor (4-5) and top (4-7) is oppositely arranged, and is used for clamping take-up reel (4-8), and the servo motor (4-2) is installed on pedestal (4-1), servo electricity The output shaft of machine (4-2) is connected with ball-screw (4-3), and the sliding seat board is set to ball by feed screw nut (4-4) On lead screw (4-3).
10. a kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: also wrap Include the shielded closure mechanism (6) covered on conductor strand mechanism (2), the power drive mechanism (1) and conductor strand mechanism (2) it is mounted on chassis (5), the shielded closure mechanism (6) includes that protection cabinet (6-1), limiter (6-2) and straight line are led Rail (6-3), the linear guide (6-3) are installed on chassis (5), and the bottom of the protection cabinet (6-1) is installed on directly On line guide rail (6-3), the limiter (6-2) is installed on linear guide (6-3), is existed for controlling protection cabinet (6-1) Stroke in linear guide (6-3).
CN201811612415.9A 2018-12-27 2018-12-27 Stranded special conductor transposition back-twist cage type stranding machine Active CN109509587B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110565521A (en) * 2019-09-11 2019-12-13 河源迪奇亚工业技术有限公司 Composite-sheath inhaul cable body and manufacturing method thereof
CN112875422A (en) * 2021-01-13 2021-06-01 绍兴文理学院 Yarn unwinding and winding device and yarn winding adjustment process
CN114134634A (en) * 2021-12-09 2022-03-04 山东山田新材科研有限公司 Diamond ring line weaving equipment
CN114160712A (en) * 2021-07-30 2022-03-11 合肥神马科技集团有限公司 Copper wire winding positioning mechanism
CN114318912A (en) * 2021-12-06 2022-04-12 江苏大学 Integral type wire rope stranding rope-combining device

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CN202976998U (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-06-05 上海南洋电工器材有限公司 Back-twisting wire stranding mechanism
CN209183331U (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-07-30 常州恒丰特导股份有限公司 A kind of multiply special type conductor strand back twist cage stranding machine

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KR20110048627A (en) * 2009-11-03 2011-05-12 엘에스전선 주식회사 Vertical lay up machine with back twist measurment apparatus and back twist measurment method
CN202976998U (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-06-05 上海南洋电工器材有限公司 Back-twisting wire stranding mechanism
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110565521A (en) * 2019-09-11 2019-12-13 河源迪奇亚工业技术有限公司 Composite-sheath inhaul cable body and manufacturing method thereof
CN112875422A (en) * 2021-01-13 2021-06-01 绍兴文理学院 Yarn unwinding and winding device and yarn winding adjustment process
CN114160712A (en) * 2021-07-30 2022-03-11 合肥神马科技集团有限公司 Copper wire winding positioning mechanism
CN114160712B (en) * 2021-07-30 2024-04-16 合肥神马科技集团有限公司 Copper wire winding positioning mechanism
CN114318912A (en) * 2021-12-06 2022-04-12 江苏大学 Integral type wire rope stranding rope-combining device
CN114134634A (en) * 2021-12-09 2022-03-04 山东山田新材科研有限公司 Diamond ring line weaving equipment
CN114134634B (en) * 2021-12-09 2023-01-10 山东山田新材科研有限公司 Diamond ring line weaving equipment

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