CN109493999A - A kind of direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable and production method - Google Patents

A kind of direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable and production method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109493999A
CN109493999A CN201811385961.3A CN201811385961A CN109493999A CN 109493999 A CN109493999 A CN 109493999A CN 201811385961 A CN201811385961 A CN 201811385961A CN 109493999 A CN109493999 A CN 109493999A
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China
Prior art keywords
sealant
water
blocks water
outside
aramid fiber
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CN201811385961.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姜超
季少波
姜茂盛
张小平
何元元
李健
刘波
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Anhui Hongyuan Special Cable Ltd By Share Ltd
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Anhui Hongyuan Special Cable Ltd By Share Ltd
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Priority to CN201811385961.3A priority Critical patent/CN109493999A/en
Publication of CN109493999A publication Critical patent/CN109493999A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B7/00Insulated conductors or cables characterised by their form
    • H01B7/17Protection against damage caused by external factors, e.g. sheaths or armouring
    • H01B7/28Protection against damage caused by moisture, corrosion, chemical attack or weather
    • H01B7/282Preventing penetration of fluid, e.g. water or humidity, into conductor or cable
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS
    • G02B6/00Light guides; Structural details of arrangements comprising light guides and other optical elements, e.g. couplings
    • G02B6/44Mechanical structures for providing tensile strength and external protection for fibres, e.g. optical transmission cables
    • G02B6/4401Optical cables
    • G02B6/4429Means specially adapted for strengthening or protecting the cables
    • G02B6/443Protective covering
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS
    • G02B6/00Light guides; Structural details of arrangements comprising light guides and other optical elements, e.g. couplings
    • G02B6/44Mechanical structures for providing tensile strength and external protection for fibres, e.g. optical transmission cables
    • G02B6/4401Optical cables
    • G02B6/4429Means specially adapted for strengthening or protecting the cables
    • G02B6/443Protective covering
    • G02B6/4432Protective covering with fibre reinforcements
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS
    • G02B6/00Light guides; Structural details of arrangements comprising light guides and other optical elements, e.g. couplings
    • G02B6/44Mechanical structures for providing tensile strength and external protection for fibres, e.g. optical transmission cables
    • G02B6/4401Optical cables
    • G02B6/4429Means specially adapted for strengthening or protecting the cables
    • G02B6/44384Means specially adapted for strengthening or protecting the cables the means comprising water blocking or hydrophobic materials
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B13/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing conductors or cables
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B7/00Insulated conductors or cables characterised by their form
    • H01B7/0009Details relating to the conductive cores
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B7/00Insulated conductors or cables characterised by their form
    • H01B7/02Disposition of insulation
    • H01B7/0275Disposition of insulation comprising one or more extruded layers of insulation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B7/00Insulated conductors or cables characterised by their form
    • H01B7/04Flexible cables, conductors, or cords, e.g. trailing cables
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B7/00Insulated conductors or cables characterised by their form
    • H01B7/14Submarine cables
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B7/00Insulated conductors or cables characterised by their form
    • H01B7/17Protection against damage caused by external factors, e.g. sheaths or armouring
    • H01B7/18Protection against damage caused by wear, mechanical force or pressure; Sheaths; Armouring
    • H01B7/182Protection against damage caused by wear, mechanical force or pressure; Sheaths; Armouring comprising synthetic filaments
    • H01B7/1825Protection against damage caused by wear, mechanical force or pressure; Sheaths; Armouring comprising synthetic filaments forming part of a high tensile strength core
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B7/00Insulated conductors or cables characterised by their form
    • H01B7/17Protection against damage caused by external factors, e.g. sheaths or armouring
    • H01B7/18Protection against damage caused by wear, mechanical force or pressure; Sheaths; Armouring
    • H01B7/1875Multi-layer sheaths
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B7/00Insulated conductors or cables characterised by their form
    • H01B7/17Protection against damage caused by external factors, e.g. sheaths or armouring
    • H01B7/28Protection against damage caused by moisture, corrosion, chemical attack or weather
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B7/00Insulated conductors or cables characterised by their form
    • H01B7/17Protection against damage caused by external factors, e.g. sheaths or armouring
    • H01B7/28Protection against damage caused by moisture, corrosion, chemical attack or weather
    • H01B7/2806Protection against damage caused by corrosion
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B7/00Insulated conductors or cables characterised by their form
    • H01B7/17Protection against damage caused by external factors, e.g. sheaths or armouring
    • H01B7/28Protection against damage caused by moisture, corrosion, chemical attack or weather
    • H01B7/282Preventing penetration of fluid, e.g. water or humidity, into conductor or cable
    • H01B7/285Preventing penetration of fluid, e.g. water or humidity, into conductor or cable by completely or partially filling interstices in the cable
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B9/00Power cables
    • H01B9/005Power cables including optical transmission elements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B9/00Power cables
    • H01B9/006Constructional features relating to the conductors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B9/00Power cables
    • H01B9/02Power cables with screens or conductive layers, e.g. for avoiding large potential gradients
    • H01B9/024Power cables with screens or conductive layers, e.g. for avoiding large potential gradients composed of braided metal wire

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  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Optics & Photonics (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Insulated Conductors (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable and production method, cable center, which is arranged, is twisted and coats the reinforcer that the sealant that blocks water is constituted by multiply water resistance aramid fiber silk;8 tightly packaged fibers are around water resistance aramid fiber silk reinforcer stranding and coat the sealant composition light unit cable core that blocks water;The wrapped band separation layer I that blocks water blocks water and weaves water resistance aramid fiber silk enhancement layer I outside band outside light unit cable core, and the small sheath of polyurethane is squeezed out outside water resistance aramid fiber silk enhancement layer and constitutes light unit element;10 line shielding cores are uniformly distributed and coat the sealant that blocks water around light unit element, and 8 power supply line shielding cores are uniformly distributed and coat the sealant that blocks water around 10 line shielding cores, constitute cable core;Block water band separation layer II, shielded layer III, water resistance aramid fiber silk enhancement layer II, polyurethane oversheath are set outside cable core.The present invention successfully solves the problems, such as that optoelectronic composite cable direction waterproof is insufficient, so that cable has excellent direction waterproof and pull resistance.

Description

A kind of direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable and production method
Technical field
The invention patent relates to a kind of direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable and production methods, belong to wire and cable manufacture neck Domain.Direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable is common to be applied to unerwater-surveillance system, underwater bathyscaph, underwater ROV robot system It is tethered at the transmission of power and photosignal in connection or similar system.
Background technique
The vast oceans have occupied the 71% of earth surface product, deep bottom reserves of oil abundant, accumulate countless manganese groups with And other resources attract some industrially developed country and competitively carry out ocean development cause.Deep submergence technology is to carry out ocean development Necessary means, it is a complete system as composed by bathyscaph, working mother boat (water surface supporting vessel) and onshore base, deep Latent device is its crucial part.In addition, salvage to deep-sea shipwreck and deep-sea being examined to implement to succour to deep-sea wrecking submarine It examines, deep diving scouting etc. requires have bathyscaph.The construction difficulty of bathyscaph is larger, and electrified, automation degree is higher. The power device of bathyscaph is generally the energy with battery, and tethered submersible then passes through cable and provides electric energy by lash ship, in order to subtract The life risk of few personnel improves the underwater operation time, and there has been proposed using being tethered at cable in the water surface come remotely pilotless submersible Imagination.Be tethered at cable and transmitting signal and while power, own there are also certain intensity, bathyscaph due to power abundance, Complicated detecting devices and biggish Work machine electricity consumption can be supported, the transmitting of information and data exchange are efficient and convenient, thus Aggregate decision ability with higher and level of operation are mainly used to execute underwater investigation, sea floor exploration, sea bed exploitation and beat The tasks such as fishing, lifesaving, all these detection systems and Detection Techniques, all too busy to get away key components-cable, current big portion Light splitting photoelectric compound cable not exclusively has direction waterproof, and the country is in the starting stage to the research and development in this field at present, either Military hardware or ocean engineering have vast market prospect, so exploitation direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable, is improved deep Latent equipment and the safety for controlling equipment, have important social effect and economic significance.
Summary of the invention
To fill up the blank that the above field needs, the invention patent is to provide a kind of direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable And its production method, successfully solve the problems, such as that optoelectronic composite cable direction waterproof is insufficient, so that cable has excellent indulge To watertightness and pull resistance, can normally be kept under certain hydraulic condition power transmission, control signal and optical signal transmission can Water is prevented to damage equipment along cable longitudinal flow when preventing cable from destroying fracture because of external force by property.
A kind of direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable, the conductor being twisted including multiply tin-plating round copper wire and in conductor table Face coats the sealant that blocks water;
Radiation Crosslinked Polyethylene insulating layer (2) are extruded outside the conductor I (1) constitutes power supply line insulated wire cores;
Low density polyethylene (LDPE) insulating layer (3) are extruded outside the conductor II (1-1) constitutes signal wire insulated wire cores;
Tin-plating round copper wire shielded layer I (4) are woven outside the power supply line insulated wire cores and coat the sealant that blocks water constitutes power supply line screen Cover core;
Tin-plating round copper wire shielded layer II (4-1) is woven outside the signal wire insulated wire cores and coats the sealant that blocks water constitutes signal wire Shield core;
Composite rope center, which is arranged, is twisted and coats the reinforcer (6) that the sealant that blocks water is constituted by multiply water resistance aramid fiber silk;8 hard-pressed bales Optical fiber (5) is around water resistance aramid fiber silk reinforcer (6) stranding and coats sealant composition light unit cable core (7) that blocks water;
The wrapped band separation layer I (8) that blocks water outside the light unit cable core (7), the band that blocks water (8) weave water resistance aramid fiber silk outside Enhancement layer I (6-1), the water resistance aramid fiber silk enhancement layer (6-1) squeeze out the small sheath of polyurethane (9) outside and constitute light unit element;
10 line shielding cores are uniformly distributed and coat the sealant that blocks water, 8 power supply line shielding lines around light unit element Core is uniformly distributed and coats the sealant that blocks water around 10 line shielding cores, constitutes cable core (10);
Wrapped outside the cable core (10) to block water band separation layer II (8-1), the band separation layer II (8-1) that blocks water weaves plating outside Tin circular copper wire simultaneously coats sealant composition shielded layer III (4-2) that blocks water, and the shielded layer III (4-2) weaves the increasing of water resistance aramid fiber silk outside Strong layer II (6-2), the water resistance aramid fiber silk enhancement layer (6-2) squeeze out polyurethane oversheath (9-2) outside.
Further, the power supply line insulated wire cores and signal wire insulated wire cores are all made of single insulated core and weave tin plating circle Copper wire shielded layer simultaneously coats the sealant composition that blocks water.
Further, the Radiation Crosslinked Polyethylene insulating layer insulation thickness is 0.8~1.2mm;Low density polyethylene (LDPE) insulation Layer insulation thickness is 0.4~0.8mm;Polyurethane oversheath is with a thickness of 1.0~3.0 mm.
A kind of production method of direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable, steps are as follows:
Step 1, power supply core uses 49 strands of tin-plating round copper wire, first carries out regular twisted according to the arrangement mode of " 1+7 " and coats The sealant that blocks water obtains 7 strands of multiple twisted wire core elements, twists to for dextrad, twisting pitch is 12 ± 1mm;
Again 7 groups 7 strands multiple twisted wire core element conductors are carried out regular twisted according to the arrangement mode of " 1+7 " and coats the sealant that blocks water Power supply cable core conductor is obtained, is twisted to for left-hand, twisting pitch is 39 ± 3mm;
Signal wire insulated wire cores use 7 strands of tin-plating round copper wire, carry out regular twisted according to the arrangement mode of " 1+7 " and coat and block water Sealant obtains signal cable core conductor, twists to for left-hand, twisting pitch is 9 ± 1mm;
Step 2, injected plastic single screw rod extruding machine completes spoke after Radiation Crosslinked Polyethylene material being dried 2 hours at 40 ± 5 DEG C According to extruding for crosslinked polyetylene insulated layer, power supply line insulated wire cores are made, insulation thickness is 0.8~0.9mm;
Injected plastic single screw rod extruding machine completes low density polyethylene after low density polyethylene (LDPE) material is dried 2 hours at 50 ± 5 DEG C Alkene insulating layer extrudes, and signal wire insulated wire cores are made, and insulation thickness is 0.6~0.7mm;
Plsitive mold is used in the plastics single screw rod extruding machine, extruding machine inlet temperature is set as 150 ± 10 DEG C, squeezes Molding machine head temperature is set as 200 ± 10 DEG C, and the screw rod heating zone between extrusion molding machine inlet and extruder head, temperature is set It is set to staged raising;
For insulated wire cores from the outlet in cooling bath, the test voltage of 1.0kV is set in the signal wire insulated wire cores Insulating layer carries out online spark-testing, and the test voltage that 3.5kV is arranged carries out the insulating layer in the power supply line insulated wire cores Online spark-testing;
Step 3, power supply line insulated wire cores braiding tin-plating round copper wire is shielded and is coated the sealant that blocks water, power supply line shielding line is made Core, lay of braiding are 29.2 ± 2mm;Signal wire insulated wire cores braiding tin-plating round copper wire is shielded and is coated the sealant that blocks water, Signal wire is made and shields core, lay of braiding is 13.2 ± 2mm;
Step 4,19 strands of water resistance aramid fiber silks are twisted and coat the sealant that blocks water and constitute reinforcer, stranding is twisted to for dextrad, twisted Pitch is 50 ± 10mm;Centered on water resistance aramid fiber silk reinforcer, 8 hard-pressed bale A1a.2 optical fiber surround water resistance aramid fiber silk reinforcer Stranding is simultaneously coated and is blocked water sealant, is made light unit cable core, and stranding is twisted to for dextrad, and twisting pitch is 70 ± 20mm.
Step 5, the wrapped band that blocks water outside light unit cable core, overlap rate are 20%~25%.
Step 6, in braiding water resistance aramid fiber silk enhancement layer, the 22.6 ± 2mm of lay of braiding outside band of blocking water.
Step 7, injected plastic single screw rod extruding machine is completed to squeeze after urethane jacking being dried 2 hours at 50 ± 5 DEG C The small sheath of packet polyurethane, is made light unit element, and jacket thickness is 1.0~1.8mm;In the plastics single screw rod extruding machine Using plsitive mold, extruding machine inlet temperature is set as 135 ± 10 DEG C, and extruder head temperature setting is 170 ± 10 DEG C, Screw rod heating zone between extrusion molding machine inlet and extruder head, temperature setting are staged raising;
Step 8, layer centered on light unit element, 10 signal wire shielding cores and 8 power supply line shielding cores are surrounded into center The comprehensive twisted synthesizing cable of layer simultaneously coats the sealant that blocks water, and is made optoelectronic composite cable cable core, and stranding is twisted to for dextrad, and twisting pitch is 270±20mm;
Step 9, the wrapped band that blocks water outside optoelectronic composite cable cable core, overlap rate are 20%~25%;
Step 10, in braiding tin-plating round copper wire shielded layer, the 93.5 ± 5mm of lay of braiding outside band of blocking water;
Step 11, water resistance aramid fiber silk enhancement layer, 65.8 ± 5mm of lay of braiding are woven outside tin-plating round copper wire shielded layer;
Step 12: the completion of injected plastic single screw rod extruding machine extrudes poly- after urethane jacking is dried 2 hours at 50 ± 5 DEG C Urethane oversheath, is made direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable, and jacket thickness is 2.0~3.0mm;In the plastics single screw rod Plsitive mold is used in extruding machine, extruding machine inlet temperature is set as 135 ± 10 DEG C, and extruder head temperature setting is 170 ± 10 DEG C, the screw rod heating zone between extrusion molding machine inlet and extruder head, temperature setting is staged raising.
The invention patent has the beneficial effect that:
1, excellent direction waterproof: direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable by from conductor strand, optical fiber is twisted, cable core twists Conjunction, woven shield are coated with the sealant that blocks water, and making composite rope integrally has good watertightness performance, in cable because external force is destroyed When fracture, 500 meters of the depth of water longitudinal hydraulic pressure 5.0MPa hydraulic pressure are born, water can effectively be prevented to damage equipment along cable longitudinal flow.
2, excellent pull resistance: direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable is twisted as reinforcement using multiply water resistance aramid fiber silk Part weaves water resistance aramid fiber silk enhancement layer outside cable core, and cable is made to have outstanding load-bearing tensile capacity, and anti-rupture pull force can reach To 15kN.
3, excellent flexibility: cable has fully taken into account flexibility in design process, so in conductor strand and stranding The pitch that small lay ratio is all made of in pitch is twisted, and the lay ratio of conductor controls between 10~12 times, and cable core twists Pitch control is closed between 10~14 times of lay ratios, effectively improves the pliability of cable.
4, resistance to corrosion seawater, wearability are good: direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable is had high-intensitive, resistance to using polyurethane Hydrolysis, oil resistivity and high resilience, low temperature performance well, apply in general to the product contacted with water.The material has tensile strength Height, flexibility, toughness, elasticity and preferable lower temperature resistance are provided simultaneously with salt spray proof, mould proof performance, seawater corrosion resistance.
5, excellent light, fax Movement Capabilities: direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable signal wire is exhausted using low density polyethylene (LDPE) Edge, and weave tin-plating round copper wire shielded layer and coat the sealant that blocks water, it ensure that stable signal transmission;Composite rope uses light Layer centered on unit avoids optical fiber from being destroyed by External force interference, ensure that the stability of optical fiber transmission.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawing.
A kind of direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable of the present invention, the conductor being twisted including multiply tin-plating round copper wire and Conductive surface coats the sealant that blocks water;Radiation Crosslinked Polyethylene insulating layer 2 is extruded outside conductor I 1 constitutes power supply line insulated wire cores;It leads Low density polyethylene (LDPE) insulating layer 3 is extruded outside II 1-1 of body constitutes signal wire insulated wire cores;Tin plating circle is woven outside power supply line insulated wire cores Copper wire shielded layer I 4 simultaneously coats the sealant composition power supply line shielding core that blocks water;Tin-plating round copper wire is woven outside signal wire insulated wire cores II 4-1 of shielded layer simultaneously coats the sealant composition signal wire shielding core that blocks water.
Composite rope center of the present invention, which is arranged, is twisted and coats the reinforcer that the sealant that blocks water is constituted by multiply water resistance aramid fiber silk 6;8 tightly packaged fibers 5 are around 6 stranding of water resistance aramid fiber silk reinforcer and coat the sealant composition light unit cable core 7 that blocks water;Light unit The wrapped band separation layer I 8 that blocks water outside cable core 7, the band 8 that blocks water weave I 6-1 of water resistance aramid fiber silk enhancement layer outside, and water resistance aramid fiber silk increases The small sheath 9 of polyurethane, which is squeezed out, outside strong layer 6-1 constitutes light unit element;10 line shielding cores are uniform around light unit element It is distributed and coats the sealant that blocks water, 8 power supply line shielding cores are uniformly distributed around 10 line shielding cores and coat resistance Watertight sealing constitutes cable core 10;Wrapped II 8-1 of band separation layer that blocks water outside cable core 10, it is described to block water outside II 8-1 of band separation layer Braiding tin-plating round copper wire simultaneously coats braiding water resistance aramid fiber silk outside block water sealant composition III 4-2 of shielded layer, III 4-2 of shielded layer Polyurethane oversheath 9-2 is squeezed out outside enhancement layer II 6-2, the water resistance aramid fiber silk enhancement layer 6-2.
Power supply line insulated wire cores and signal wire insulated wire cores of the present invention are all made of single insulated core braiding tin-plating round copper wire Shielded layer simultaneously coats the sealant composition that blocks water.Radiation Crosslinked Polyethylene insulating layer insulation thickness is 0.8~1.2mm;Low-density is poly- Ethylene insulating layer insulation thickness is 0.4~0.8mm;Polyurethane oversheath is with a thickness of 1.0~3.0 mm.
The production method of direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable carries out as follows:
Step 1, power supply core uses 49 strands of tin-plating round copper wire, first carries out regular twisted according to the arrangement mode of " 1+7 " and coats The sealant that blocks water obtains 7 strands of multiple twisted wire core elements, twists to for dextrad, twisting pitch is 12 ± 1mm, then answers twisted wires for 7 groups 7 strands Core element conductor carries out regular twisted and coats the sealant that blocks water and obtain power supply cable core conductor according to the arrangement mode of " 1+7 ", It twists to for left-hand, twisting pitch is 39 ± 3mm;Signal wire insulated wire cores use 7 strands of tin-plating round copper wire, according to the arrangement of " 1+7 " Mode carries out regular twisted and coats the sealant that blocks water and obtain signal cable core conductor, twists to for left-hand, twisting pitch for 9 ± 1mm;
Step 2, injected plastic single screw rod extruding machine completes spoke after Radiation Crosslinked Polyethylene material being dried 2 hours at 40 ± 5 DEG C According to extruding for crosslinked polyetylene insulated layer, power supply line insulated wire cores are made, insulation thickness is 0.8~0.9mm;Low-density is gathered Injected plastic single screw rod extruding machine completes extruding for low density polyethylene (LDPE) insulating layer after feed ethylene is dried 2 hours at 50 ± 5 DEG C, Signal wire insulated wire cores are made, insulation thickness is 0.6~0.7mm;Squash type is used in the plastics single screw rod extruding machine Mold, extruding machine inlet temperature are set as 150 ± 10 DEG C, and extruder head temperature setting is 200 ± 10 DEG C, extruding machine into Screw rod heating zone between material mouth and extruder head, temperature setting are staged raising;For insulated wire cores from cooling bath Outlet, the test voltage of 1.0kV is set, online spark-testing, setting is carried out to the insulating layer in the signal wire insulated wire cores The test voltage of 3.5kV carries out online spark-testing to the insulating layer in the power supply line insulated wire cores.
Step 3, power supply line insulated wire cores braiding tin-plating round copper wire is shielded and is coated the sealant that blocks water, power supply line screen is made Core is covered, lay of braiding is 29.2 ± 2mm;Signal wire insulated wire cores braiding tin-plating round copper wire is shielded and coats the sealing that blocks water Glue is made signal wire and shields core, and lay of braiding is 13.2 ± 2mm;
Step 4,19 strands of water resistance aramid fiber silks are twisted and coat the sealant that blocks water and constitute reinforcer, stranding is twisted to for dextrad, twisted Pitch is 50 ± 10mm;Centered on water resistance aramid fiber silk reinforcer, 8 hard-pressed bale A1a.2 optical fiber surround water resistance aramid fiber silk reinforcer Stranding is simultaneously coated and is blocked water sealant, is made light unit cable core, and stranding is twisted to for dextrad, and twisting pitch is 70 ± 20mm.
Step 5, the wrapped band that blocks water outside light unit cable core, overlap rate are 20%~25%.
Step 6, in braiding water resistance aramid fiber silk enhancement layer, the 22.6 ± 2mm of lay of braiding outside band of blocking water.
Step 7, injected plastic single screw rod extruding machine is completed to squeeze after urethane jacking being dried 2 hours at 50 ± 5 DEG C The small sheath of packet polyurethane, is made light unit element, and jacket thickness is 1.0~1.8mm;In the plastics single screw rod extruding machine Using plsitive mold, extruding machine inlet temperature is set as 135 ± 10 DEG C, and extruder head temperature setting is 170 ± 10 DEG C, Screw rod heating zone between extrusion molding machine inlet and extruder head, temperature setting are staged raising.
Step 8, layer centered on light unit element, 10 signal wire shielding cores and 8 power supply line shielding cores are surrounded The comprehensive twisted synthesizing cable of central core simultaneously coats the sealant that blocks water, and is made optoelectronic composite cable cable core, and stranding is twisted to for dextrad, is twisted and saves Away from for 270 ± 20mm.
Step 9, the wrapped band that blocks water outside optoelectronic composite cable cable core, overlap rate are 20%~25%.
Step 10, in braiding tin-plating round copper wire shielded layer, the 93.5 ± 5mm of lay of braiding outside band of blocking water.
Step 11, water resistance aramid fiber silk enhancement layer, 65.8 ± 5mm of lay of braiding are woven outside tin-plating round copper wire shielded layer.
Step 12, injected plastic single screw rod extruding machine is completed to squeeze after urethane jacking being dried 2 hours at 50 ± 5 DEG C Packet polyurethane oversheath, is made direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable, and jacket thickness is 2.0~3.0mm;In the plastics list Plsitive mold is used in multiple screw extruder, extruding machine inlet temperature is set as 135 ± 10 DEG C, extruder head temperature setting It is 170 ± 10 DEG C, the screw rod heating zone between extrusion molding machine inlet and extruder head, temperature setting is staged raising.
Direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable structure and performance indicator of the present invention are as listed in table 1
Table 1
Direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable of the present invention, as can be seen from Table 1, the direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable are being protected While demonstrate,proving cable has direction waterproof, cable is also embodied with excellent flexibility, resistance to bend(ing) and pull resistance, simultaneously Also superfine electric property and optical property are shown, normally photosignal can be kept to transmit under with certain hydraulic condition Reliability.
Although the detailed description and description of the specific embodiments of the present invention are given above, it should be noted that We can carry out various equivalent changes and modification to above embodiment according to the concept of the present invention, and generated function is made It, should all be within protection scope of the present invention when with the spirit still covered without departing from specification.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable, which is characterized in that the conductor being twisted including multiply tin-plating round copper wire And the sealant that blocks water is coated in conductive surface;
Radiation Crosslinked Polyethylene insulating layer (2) are extruded outside the conductor I (1) constitutes power supply line insulated wire cores;
Low density polyethylene (LDPE) insulating layer (3) are extruded outside the conductor II (1-1) constitutes signal wire insulated wire cores;
Tin-plating round copper wire shielded layer I (4) are woven outside the power supply line insulated wire cores and coat the sealant that blocks water constitutes power supply line screen Cover core;
Tin-plating round copper wire shielded layer II (4-1) is woven outside the signal wire insulated wire cores and coats the sealant that blocks water constitutes signal wire Shield core;
Composite rope center, which is arranged, is twisted and coats the reinforcer (6) that the sealant that blocks water is constituted by multiply water resistance aramid fiber silk;8 hard-pressed bales Optical fiber (5) is around water resistance aramid fiber silk reinforcer (6) stranding and coats sealant composition light unit cable core (7) that blocks water;
The wrapped band separation layer I (8) that blocks water outside the light unit cable core (7), the band that blocks water (8) weave water resistance aramid fiber silk outside Enhancement layer I (6-1), the water resistance aramid fiber silk enhancement layer (6-1) squeeze out the small sheath of polyurethane (9) outside and constitute light unit element;
10 line shielding cores are uniformly distributed and coat the sealant that blocks water, 8 power supply line shielding lines around light unit element Core is uniformly distributed and coats the sealant that blocks water around 10 line shielding cores, constitutes cable core (10);
Wrapped outside the cable core (10) to block water band separation layer II (8-1), the band separation layer II (8-1) that blocks water weaves plating outside Tin circular copper wire simultaneously coats sealant composition shielded layer III (4-2) that blocks water, and the shielded layer III (4-2) weaves the increasing of water resistance aramid fiber silk outside Strong layer II (6-2), the water resistance aramid fiber silk enhancement layer (6-2) squeeze out polyurethane oversheath (9-2) outside.
2. the direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the power supply line insulated wire cores Single insulated core braiding tin-plating round copper wire shielded layer, which is all made of, with signal wire insulated wire cores and coats the sealant that blocks water constitutes.
3. the direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the Radiation Crosslinked Polyethylene Insulating layer insulation thickness is 0.8~1.2mm;Low density polyethylene (LDPE) insulating layer insulation thickness is 0.4~0.8mm;It is protected outside polyurethane Set is with a thickness of 1.0~3.0 mm.
4. a kind of production method of direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable, which is characterized in that steps are as follows:
Step 1, power supply core uses 49 strands of tin-plating round copper wire, first carries out regular twisted according to the arrangement mode of " 1+7 " and coats The sealant that blocks water obtains 7 strands of multiple twisted wire core elements, twists to for dextrad, twisting pitch is 12 ± 1mm;
Again 7 groups 7 strands multiple twisted wire core element conductors are carried out regular twisted according to the arrangement mode of " 1+7 " and coats the sealant that blocks water Power supply cable core conductor is obtained, is twisted to for left-hand, twisting pitch is 39 ± 3mm;
Signal wire insulated wire cores use 7 strands of tin-plating round copper wire, carry out regular twisted according to the arrangement mode of " 1+7 " and coat and block water Sealant obtains signal cable core conductor, twists to for left-hand, twisting pitch is 9 ± 1mm;
Step 2, injected plastic single screw rod extruding machine completes spoke after Radiation Crosslinked Polyethylene material being dried 2 hours at 40 ± 5 DEG C According to extruding for crosslinked polyetylene insulated layer, power supply line insulated wire cores are made, insulation thickness is 0.8~0.9mm;
Injected plastic single screw rod extruding machine completes low density polyethylene after low density polyethylene (LDPE) material is dried 2 hours at 50 ± 5 DEG C Alkene insulating layer extrudes, and signal wire insulated wire cores are made, and insulation thickness is 0.6~0.7mm;
Plsitive mold is used in the plastics single screw rod extruding machine, extruding machine inlet temperature is set as 150 ± 10 DEG C, squeezes Molding machine head temperature is set as 200 ± 10 DEG C, and the screw rod heating zone between extrusion molding machine inlet and extruder head, temperature is set It is set to staged raising;
For insulated wire cores from the outlet in cooling bath, the test voltage of 1.0kV is set in the signal wire insulated wire cores Insulating layer carries out online spark-testing, and the test voltage that 3.5kV is arranged carries out the insulating layer in the power supply line insulated wire cores Online spark-testing;
Step 3, power supply line insulated wire cores braiding tin-plating round copper wire is shielded and is coated the sealant that blocks water, power supply line shielding line is made Core, lay of braiding are 29.2 ± 2mm;Signal wire insulated wire cores braiding tin-plating round copper wire is shielded and is coated the sealant that blocks water, Signal wire is made and shields core, lay of braiding is 13.2 ± 2mm;
Step 4,19 strands of water resistance aramid fiber silks are twisted and coat the sealant that blocks water and constitute reinforcer, stranding is twisted to for dextrad, twisted Pitch is 50 ± 10mm;Centered on water resistance aramid fiber silk reinforcer, 8 hard-pressed bale A1a.2 optical fiber surround water resistance aramid fiber silk reinforcer Stranding is simultaneously coated and is blocked water sealant, is made light unit cable core, and stranding is twisted to for dextrad, and twisting pitch is 70 ± 20mm;
Step 5, the wrapped band that blocks water outside light unit cable core, overlap rate are 20%~25%;
Step 6, in braiding water resistance aramid fiber silk enhancement layer, the 22.6 ± 2mm of lay of braiding outside band of blocking water;
Step 7, the completion of injected plastic single screw rod extruding machine extrudes poly- after urethane jacking being dried 2 hours at 50 ± 5 DEG C The small sheath of urethane, is made light unit element, and jacket thickness is 1.0~1.8mm;It is used in the plastics single screw rod extruding machine Plsitive mold, extruding machine inlet temperature are set as 135 ± 10 DEG C, and extruder head temperature setting is 170 ± 10 DEG C, is being squeezed Screw rod heating zone between molding machine feed inlet and extruder head, temperature setting are staged raising;
Step 8, layer centered on light unit element, 10 signal wire shielding cores and 8 power supply line shielding cores are surrounded into center The comprehensive twisted synthesizing cable of layer simultaneously coats the sealant that blocks water, and is made optoelectronic composite cable cable core, and stranding is twisted to for dextrad, and twisting pitch is 270±20mm;
Step 9, the wrapped band that blocks water outside optoelectronic composite cable cable core, overlap rate are 20%~25%;
Step 10, in braiding tin-plating round copper wire shielded layer, the 93.5 ± 5mm of lay of braiding outside band of blocking water;
Step 11, water resistance aramid fiber silk enhancement layer, 65.8 ± 5mm of lay of braiding are woven outside tin-plating round copper wire shielded layer;
Step 12, the completion of injected plastic single screw rod extruding machine extrudes poly- after urethane jacking being dried 2 hours at 50 ± 5 DEG C Urethane oversheath, is made direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable, and jacket thickness is 2.0~3.0mm;In the plastics single screw rod Plsitive mold is used in extruding machine, extruding machine inlet temperature is set as 135 ± 10 DEG C, and extruder head temperature setting is 170 ± 10 DEG C, the screw rod heating zone between extrusion molding machine inlet and extruder head, temperature setting is staged raising.
CN201811385961.3A 2018-11-20 2018-11-20 A kind of direction waterproof mooring photoelectric composite cable and production method Pending CN109493999A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110556206A (en) * 2019-03-24 2019-12-10 河南凯旺电子科技股份有限公司 waterproof core wire and manufacturing method thereof
CN111081414A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-04-28 安徽宏源特种电缆集团有限公司 Strong electric signal comprehensive cable for submarine and production method thereof
CN111508655A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-08-07 江苏中天科技股份有限公司 Mixed watertight flexible cable for connector and manufacturing method thereof
CN112750557A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-05-04 安徽宏源特种电缆集团有限公司 Photoelectric composite trailing cable and manufacturing method thereof
CN112951487A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-06-11 安徽宏源特种电缆集团有限公司 ROV umbilical cable of underwater robot and manufacturing method thereof
CN114188079A (en) * 2021-10-27 2022-03-15 宏安集团有限公司 Photoelectric composite cable

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110556206A (en) * 2019-03-24 2019-12-10 河南凯旺电子科技股份有限公司 waterproof core wire and manufacturing method thereof
CN111081414A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-04-28 安徽宏源特种电缆集团有限公司 Strong electric signal comprehensive cable for submarine and production method thereof
CN111508655A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-08-07 江苏中天科技股份有限公司 Mixed watertight flexible cable for connector and manufacturing method thereof
CN112750557A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-05-04 安徽宏源特种电缆集团有限公司 Photoelectric composite trailing cable and manufacturing method thereof
CN112951487A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-06-11 安徽宏源特种电缆集团有限公司 ROV umbilical cable of underwater robot and manufacturing method thereof
CN114188079A (en) * 2021-10-27 2022-03-15 宏安集团有限公司 Photoelectric composite cable

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