CN109339017B - Sea surface oil stain collecting, treating and recycling integrated device - Google Patents

Sea surface oil stain collecting, treating and recycling integrated device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109339017B
CN109339017B CN201811475966.5A CN201811475966A CN109339017B CN 109339017 B CN109339017 B CN 109339017B CN 201811475966 A CN201811475966 A CN 201811475966A CN 109339017 B CN109339017 B CN 109339017B
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oil
water
cabin body
mixture
pipeline
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CN109339017A (en
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杨飏
孙爽
翁瑜
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Dalian University of Technology
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Dalian University of Technology
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • E02B15/101Means floating loosely on the water absorbing the oil
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/32Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for for collecting pollution from open water
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/20Controlling water pollution; Waste water treatment
    • Y02A20/204Keeping clear the surface of open water from oil spills

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Ocean & Marine Engineering (AREA)
  • Oil, Petroleum & Natural Gas (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Cleaning Or Clearing Of The Surface Of Open Water (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a sea surface oil stain collecting, treating and recovering integrated device, which is crescent and plays a role of an oil fence to surround the sea surface oil stain from the end part; the crescent cabin is internally provided with a mixture collecting port, an electric pump at the mixture collecting port rapidly sucks an oil-water mixture into the device, oil stains are collected to an oil tank through an upper oil pipeline of the device under the separation action of a centrifugal machine, water is led out through a lower water pipeline, and clean seawater is directly discharged into the sea after multi-layer filtration.

Description

Sea surface oil stain collecting, treating and recycling integrated device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of sea surface oil stain treatment, in particular to an integrated device for collecting, treating and recovering sea surface oil stains.
Background
In recent years, oil pollution on the sea surface is serious due to crude oil leakage and oil tanker collision. After the oil spilling takes place, adopt similar netted material to enclose the greasy dirt at present more to avoid the further diffusion of greasy dirt, then carry out the collection of greasy dirt by manual work or ship. The oil stain cleaning method has very low efficiency and long time consumption, and the subsequent oil stain collection and treatment often cannot achieve ideal effects, thereby causing serious damage to marine environment. Aiming at the situation, the invention invents a sea surface oil stain collecting and treating device, adds collecting and treating links on the basis of effectively preventing oil stains from further diffusing, enables seawater and crude oil to be filtered for many times in the device, discharges the filtered seawater, and recovers stripped crude oil, thereby providing convenience for marine environment protection and secondary utilization of leaked crude oil.
The existing technology is bound on a ship, and the ship can expel surrounding water bodies in the running process, so that oil stains on the sea surface are subjected to external force to further expand the diffusion range. The existing device can not separate completely only by oil-water density treatment, so that after oil contamination is collected, further treatment is still needed to realize water-oil separation. Meanwhile, the existing device is not designed in a targeted integrated mode of collecting, treating and recycling the oil stains, so that the working efficiency of the device is very low. Therefore, the existing device has a great limitation in the range of use and effect.
Disclosure of Invention
According to the technical problems, the device integrates the functions of preventing pollution from spreading, collecting and treating oil stains on the sea surface. The device can effectively handle sea greasy dirt in the short time, carries out oil-water separation simultaneously, carries out reutilization with the crude oil that pollutes, does not need the combined use of other boats and devices, has green's characteristics.
The technical means adopted by the invention are as follows:
the utility model provides a sea greasy dirt is collected and is handled and retrieve integrative device, includes:
the integral crescent cabin body floats on the water surface and the oil storage tank is arranged in the cabin body;
the cabin body comprises: the solid cabin bottom is arranged at the bottom of the crescent cabin wall;
the oil storage tank is assembled on the solid cabin bottom;
the cabin body is provided with more than or equal to 1 mixture collecting port for the oil-water mixture on the water surface to enter, wherein the mixture collecting port is an independent isolated space and is not communicated with the internal chamber of the cabin body;
each mixture acquisition port is provided with more than or equal to 1 electric pump for sucking oil-water mixture, and the oil-water mixture sucked by the electric pump is conveyed to a rear centrifuge through a pipeline;
the oil pipeline for oil output of the centrifuge is communicated with the oil storage tank, and the rear end of the water pipeline for water output of the centrifuge is provided with a filtering device;
the filtered water output pipeline of the filtering device is connected with the water supply pipeline of the injection device;
the spraying devices are arranged below the side wall of the cabin body and used for spraying high-pressure water to adjust the moving angle, namely the spraying devices are multiple and are uniformly distributed on the cabin body;
the cabin body is also provided with an oil pump for pumping oil in the oil storage tank and a propeller power device for providing power for the movement of the whole device.
According to the invention adopting the technical scheme, the integral device is crescent, and plays a role of an oil containment boom to surround the oil stain on the sea surface from the end part. The crescent moon is internally provided with a rectangular opening (a mixture collecting opening on the cabin body), an electric pump at the mixture collecting opening rapidly sucks an oil-water mixture into the device, oil stains are collected to an oil tank through an upper oil pipeline of the device under the separation action of a centrifugal machine, water is guided out through a lower water pipeline, and clean seawater is directly discharged into the sea after multi-layer filtration.
Considering that a small amount of water still exists in oil after the centrifugal action, a filtering device based on the multi-layer filtering layer principle is added for secondary separation, water after the secondary separation and seawater after the separation by a separator are converged on a water pipeline, and then are discharged into the sea by a spraying device after the tertiary separation through a filtering layer, the oil after the secondary separation is guided into an oil storage tank to be converged, and crude oil separated from the oil storage tank can be pumped out by an oil pump for secondary utilization. The bottom of the device is provided with a propeller which is provided with power so as to adjust the flight path at any time.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages of integrating the functions of preventing pollution from diffusing, collecting and treating oil stains on the sea surface. The device can effectively handle sea greasy dirt in the short time, carries out oil-water separation simultaneously, carries out reutilization with the crude oil that pollutes, does not need the combined use of other boats and devices, has green's characteristics. Different from the traditional treatment technology, a large amount of manpower physics have been saved to the device, and the marine environment that the further diffusion that effectively prevents the greasy dirt leads to pollutes deeply by the high-efficient treatment pollution phenomenon simultaneously. Because the propeller and the power device are arranged, the all-in-one machine can timely adjust the angle of the all-in-one machine, and the most rapid full-sea surface oil dirt collection and treatment can be realized.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic top view of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention.
Detailed Description
It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict. The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the embodiments with reference to the attached drawings.
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. The following description of at least one exemplary embodiment is merely illustrative in nature and is in no way intended to limit the invention, its application, or uses. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It is noted that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of exemplary embodiments according to the invention. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, and it should be understood that when the terms "comprises" and/or "comprising" are used in this specification, they specify the presence of stated features, steps, operations, devices, components, and/or combinations thereof, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
The relative arrangement of the components and steps, the numerical expressions and numerical values set forth in these embodiments do not limit the scope of the present invention unless specifically stated otherwise. Meanwhile, it should be understood that the sizes of the respective portions shown in the drawings are not drawn in an actual proportional relationship for the convenience of description. Techniques, methods, and apparatus known to those of ordinary skill in the relevant art may not be discussed in detail but are intended to be part of the specification where appropriate. Any specific values in all examples shown and discussed herein are to be construed as exemplary only and not as limiting. Thus, other examples of the exemplary embodiments may have different values. It should be noted that: like reference numbers and letters refer to like items in the following figures, and thus, once an item is defined in one figure, further discussion thereof is not required in subsequent figures.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the orientation or positional relationship indicated by the directional terms such as "front, rear, upper, lower, left, right", "lateral, vertical, horizontal" and "top, bottom", etc., are generally based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and are used for convenience of description and simplicity of description only, and in the absence of any contrary indication, these directional terms are not intended to indicate and imply that the device or element so referred to must have a particular orientation or be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope of the present invention: the terms "inner and outer" refer to the inner and outer relative to the profile of the respective component itself.
Spatially relative terms, such as "above … …," "above … …," "above … …," "above," and the like, may be used herein for ease of description to describe one device or feature's spatial relationship to another device or feature as illustrated in the figures. It will be understood that the spatially relative terms are intended to encompass different orientations of the device in use or operation in addition to the orientation depicted in the figures. For example, if a device in the figures is turned over, devices described as "above" or "on" other devices or configurations would then be oriented "below" or "under" the other devices or configurations. Thus, the exemplary term "above … …" can include both an orientation of "above … …" and "below … …". The device may be otherwise variously oriented (rotated 90 degrees or at other orientations) and the spatially relative descriptors used herein interpreted accordingly.
It should be noted that the terms "first", "second", and the like are used to define the components, and are only used for convenience of distinguishing the corresponding components, and the terms have no special meanings unless otherwise stated, and therefore, the scope of the present invention should not be construed as being limited.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the invention provides an integrated device for collecting, treating and recovering sea surface oil stains, comprising:
a cabin body which floats on the water surface and is crescent in overall shape and an oil storage tank 3 arranged in the cabin body;
the cabin body comprises: a crescent-shaped bin wall 10 and a solid bilge 11 arranged at the bottom of the crescent-shaped bin wall 10;
the oil storage tank 3 is assembled on the solid bilge 11;
the cabin body is provided with more than or equal to 1 mixture collecting port 12 for the oil-water mixture on the water surface to enter, wherein the mixture collecting port 12 is an independent isolated space and is not communicated with the internal chamber of the cabin body;
each mixture collection port 12 is provided with more than or equal to 1 electric pump 1 for sucking oil-water mixture, and the oil-water mixture sucked by the electric pump 1 is conveyed to a rear centrifuge 2 through a pipeline;
wherein, an oil pipeline 5 for oil output of the centrifuge 2 is communicated with the oil storage tank 3, and the rear end of a water pipeline 8 for water output of the centrifuge 2 is provided with a filtering device 6;
the filtered water output pipeline of the filtering device 6 is connected with a water supply pipeline of the injection device 7;
wherein, the injection devices 7 are arranged below the side wall of the cabin body and used for injecting high-pressure water to adjust the moving angle, namely, a plurality of injection devices 7 are uniformly distributed on the cabin body;
the cabin body is also provided with an oil pump 4 for pumping oil in the oil storage tank 3 and a propeller power device 9 for providing power for the movement of the whole device.
According to the invention adopting the technical scheme, the integral device is crescent, and plays a role of an oil containment boom to surround the oil stain on the sea surface from the end part. The crescent is internally provided with a rectangular opening (a mixture collecting port 12 on the cabin body), an electric pump 1 at the mixture collecting port 12 quickly sucks an oil-water mixture into the device, oil stains are collected to an oil tank through an upper oil pipeline 5 of the device under the separation action of a centrifugal machine 2, water is led out through a lower water pipeline 8, and after multi-layer filtration, clean seawater is directly discharged into the sea.
Considering that a little water still exists in oil after the centrifugal action, a filtering device 6 based on the principle of a multi-layer filtering layer is added for secondary separation, water after secondary separation and seawater after separation by a separator 2 are converged at a water pipeline 8, and are discharged into the sea by a spraying device 7 after being subjected to three times of separation by the filtering layer, oil after secondary separation is guided into an oil storage tank 3 to be collected, and crude oil separated from the oil storage tank can be pumped out by an oil pump 4 for secondary use. The bottom of the device is provided with a propeller which is provided with power so as to adjust the flight path at any time.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit the same; while the invention has been described in detail and with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some or all of the technical features may be equivalently replaced; and the modifications or the substitutions do not make the essence of the corresponding technical solutions depart from the scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. Sea greasy dirt collection handles integrative device of retrieving, its characterized in that includes:
a cabin body which floats on the water surface and is crescent in overall shape and an oil storage tank (3) arranged in the cabin body;
a rectangular opening is arranged in the crescent moon and is a mixture collecting opening on the cabin body;
the cabin body comprises: a crescent-shaped bin wall (10) and a solid cabin bottom (11) arranged at the bottom of the crescent-shaped bin wall (10);
the oil storage tank (3) is assembled on the solid bilge (11);
the cabin body is provided with more than or equal to 1 mixture collecting port (12) for the oil-water mixture on the water surface to enter, wherein the mixture collecting ports (12) are independent isolated spaces and are not communicated with the internal chamber of the cabin body;
each mixture collecting port (12) is provided with more than or equal to 1 electric pump (1) for sucking oil-water mixture, and the oil-water mixture sucked by the electric pump (1) is conveyed to a rear centrifuge (2) through a pipeline;
wherein an oil pipeline (5) of the centrifuge (2) for oil output is communicated with the oil storage tank (3), and the rear end of a water pipeline (8) of the centrifuge (2) for water output is provided with a filtering device (6);
the filtered water output pipeline of the filtering device (6) is connected with a water supply pipeline of the injection device (7);
the spraying devices (7) are arranged below the side wall of the cabin body and are used for spraying high-pressure water to adjust the moving angle, namely the spraying devices (7) are multiple and are uniformly distributed on the cabin body;
the cabin body is also provided with an oil pump (4) for pumping oil in the oil storage tank (3) and a propeller power device (9) for providing power for the movement of the whole device.
CN201811475966.5A 2018-12-04 2018-12-04 Sea surface oil stain collecting, treating and recycling integrated device Active CN109339017B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811475966.5A CN109339017B (en) 2018-12-04 2018-12-04 Sea surface oil stain collecting, treating and recycling integrated device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811475966.5A CN109339017B (en) 2018-12-04 2018-12-04 Sea surface oil stain collecting, treating and recycling integrated device

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CN109339017B true CN109339017B (en) 2021-01-15

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111101493A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-05-05 广东工业大学 Marine crude oil leakage cleaning and collecting device
CN111764358B (en) * 2020-06-03 2022-07-12 吴波 Self-cleaning ball for cleaning marine oil stain
CN115324006B (en) * 2022-07-18 2023-06-02 滨州学院 Ocean greasy dirt recovery unit

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103015385A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-04-03 浙江海洋学院 Automatic reclaiming device for oil spilled at sea
CN106630214A (en) * 2015-11-03 2017-05-10 天津渤华成油田技术服务有限公司 Soft bag-type oil cofferdam with functions of pollution oil storage and deep treatment
CN206940485U (en) * 2017-06-14 2018-01-30 兰州交通大学 A kind of sea pollution by oil retracting device

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103015385A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-04-03 浙江海洋学院 Automatic reclaiming device for oil spilled at sea
CN106630214A (en) * 2015-11-03 2017-05-10 天津渤华成油田技术服务有限公司 Soft bag-type oil cofferdam with functions of pollution oil storage and deep treatment
CN206940485U (en) * 2017-06-14 2018-01-30 兰州交通大学 A kind of sea pollution by oil retracting device

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