CN109332652B - Blade positioning base manufacturing device - Google Patents

Blade positioning base manufacturing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109332652B
CN109332652B CN201811495918.2A CN201811495918A CN109332652B CN 109332652 B CN109332652 B CN 109332652B CN 201811495918 A CN201811495918 A CN 201811495918A CN 109332652 B CN109332652 B CN 109332652B
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China
Prior art keywords
casting
blade
base
axis
rectangular block
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CN201811495918.2A
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CN109332652A (en
Inventor
张华�
屈涛
龙永胜
张飞龙
高明
杨萍
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AECC South Industry Co Ltd
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AECC South Industry Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D19/00Casting in, on, or around objects which form part of the product
    • B22D19/009Casting in, on, or around objects which form part of the product for casting objects the members of which can be separated afterwards
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B21/00Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B21/00Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups
    • G01B21/20Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups for measuring contours or curvatures, e.g. determining profile

Abstract

A blade positioning base manufacturing device comprises a casting device for casting a blank of the rectangular block and a dissolving and shaping device for shaping the blank of the rectangular block. The casting equipment comprises a casting base, a positioning sample plate and a casting cavity, wherein the casting cavity is formed by the casting base and a movable side wall movably connected with the casting base, a first preformed groove is formed in a T-shaped surface of the side wall of the casting base where the first suspension arm is located, a second preformed groove is formed in the movable side wall corresponding to the first preformed groove, and a mouth-shaped positioning frame is arranged through the first preformed groove and the second preformed groove. According to the blade positioning base manufacturing device provided by the invention, the standardized base is prepared, so that the measuring period of the blade can be greatly shortened, and meanwhile, the production cost and the maintenance cost can be reduced.

Description

Blade positioning base manufacturing device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of aero-engine production, in particular to a device for manufacturing a base for positioning when blade parts are measured in the production process of turbine blades of small and medium-sized aero-engines.
Background
In the manufacturing process of the aircraft engine, the turbine blade can be formed by casting a single blade part in a precision casting mode, and then the single blade part is assembled on the flange plate to form a turbine whole.
FIG. 1a is a schematic perspective view of a first stage turbine blade; FIG. 1b is a schematic perspective view of a two-stage turbine blade; FIG. 1c is a schematic perspective view of a free-turbine blade; FIG. 2a is a schematic illustration of a blade profile sizing of the first stage turbine blade of FIG. 1 a; FIG. 2b is a schematic illustration of platform sizing of the first stage turbine blade of FIG. 1 a; FIG. 2c is a schematic illustration of a measurement of the tip tab slot dimensions of the dovetail for the stage one turbine blade of FIG. 1 a; in fig. 2c, a schematic front view and a schematic left view of the measuring fixture during the measuring process are shown.
Referring to fig. 1a-2c, in the manufacturing process of a gas turbine, for each individual turbine blade casting produced through a precision casting process, it is generally required to measure the blade profile size of the blade body 11, the size of the platform 12 and the size of the locking plate slot 131 at the top of the tenon tooth 13 after the turbine blade 1 is cast, so as to judge whether the cast single blade is a qualified product.
In the existing measurement process, for the measurement of the blade profile size, as shown in fig. 2a, a pair of rolling rods 2 (corresponding special rolling rods 2, that is, rolling rods 2 with different diameters are designed for different types of blades 1) are required to clamp the tenon tooth 13 on a special vice, during the measurement, the rolling rods 2 are firstly aligned for establishing a coordinate system used during the blade measurement, and then a special measuring tool (not shown in the figure) is used for measuring the blade profile size of the blade body 11.
For the measurement of the dimension of the flange 12, as shown in fig. 2b, a special measuring tool is used to clamp all the tenon teeth 13, expose the flange 12, and measure the dimension of the flange 12 with a special measuring tool (not shown).
For the dimension measurement of the locking piece slot 131 at the top of the tenon tooth 13, as shown in fig. 2c, a special measurement tool needs to be used to clamp the tenon tooth 13 and expose the top tooth portion, so that the locking piece slot 131 can not be blocked, and then a special measurement tool (not shown in the figure) is used to measure the relevant dimension of the locking piece slot 131.
Although each individual turbine blade 1 produced by the precision casting process has a cylindrical process boss 14 with dimensional accuracy guaranteed, the process boss 14 is mainly used for clamping and positioning of subsequent machining processes in the existing production process, and the process boss 14 is not physically used (for example, clamping, positioning and the like) in the existing measurement process.
As shown in fig. 2a, in the conventional blade measurement process, the theoretical reference coordinate system of the blade 1 is generally established by using the rolling rods 2 tightly clamping the tenon teeth 13 of the blade 1 (generally, the first pair of concave parts clamped at two sides of the top teeth of the tenon teeth 13 as shown in fig. 2 a) to establish a datum plane, that is, an x-y plane is established according to the axes of two theoretically parallel rolling rods 2, the axis of the cylindrical process boss 14 of the blade 1 is taken as a z-axis, the intersection point of the z-axis and the x-y plane is taken as an origin, the x-axis passes through the origin and is parallel to the axis of the rolling rods 2, and the y-axis is perpendicular to the x-axis. In the theoretical reference coordinate system of the blade 1, the z-axis is used to indicate the position relationship among the blade body 11, the platform 12 and the tenon tooth 13, and it is usually directed in the direction from the tenon tooth 13 to the blade body 11, and the x-axis and the y-axis are mainly used to indicate the tooth shape of the tenon tooth 13, so the directions of the x-axis and the y-axis can be adjusted according to the need (e.g. the matching convenience with the reference coordinate system of the measuring tool during the measurement), that is, the direction of the x-axis may be the direction from the air inlet side of the blade to the air outlet side, or vice versa, and the direction of the y-axis may be the direction from the basin side to the back side of the blade, or vice versa.
During measurements with different measuring tools or for different types of blades, the theoretical reference coordinate system can be translated according to the actual conditions of the measuring tools, i.e. for the measuring instruments to facilitate reading, the origin of the theoretical reference coordinate system of the blade 1 can be moved in the direction of the three coordinate axes by Δ x, Δ y, Δ z, respectively, so as to be able to coincide with the reference coordinate system of the measuring instrument. Of course, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the theoretical reference frame of the blade may also be rotated as shown in figures 2b, 2c in order to facilitate operation of the surveying instrument.
As described above, for different turbine blades as shown in fig. 1a to 1c, the existing measurement process methods are all that, when measuring the blade profile of the blade body 11, a dedicated measurement tool is used to clamp the tenon tooth 13 (for example, a first pair of concave parts on both sides of the top tooth of the tenon tooth 13 are clamped by a pair of rolling bars 2 on a dedicated vice) to expose the blade profile, and the size of the blade profile is measured by positioning the tenon tooth 13; when the relevant dimension of the locking piece slot 131 at the top of the tenon tooth 13 is measured, replacing a special measuring tool, clamping most of the tenon teeth 13 and exposing the tops of the tenon teeth, thereby measuring the relevant dimension of the locking piece slot 131; when the size of the flange plate 12 is measured, a plurality of sets of special measuring tools need to be replaced according to the change of the measuring position, the tenon tooth 13 is clamped to expose the measured position of the flange plate 12, and the relevant size is measured.
The existing measuring method has a complex and complicated process, for example, when the blade profile is measured, in the process of clamping the roller bars 2 by using a vice, the horizontal degree of the two roller bars 2 can finally influence the precision of the blade profile data obtained by measurement, so that an operator has to have rich experience to ensure the efficiency of the process of clamping the roller bars 2; and for the special measuring tool for measuring the flange plate 12 and the locking plate groove 131, as shown in fig. 2b and 2c, if the gap of the installation groove is too large, the blade state after clamping is difficult to ensure to be consistent, and if the gap is too small, the blade is difficult to be installed, so that the manufacturing difficulty of the installation groove is large, and the precision is difficult to ensure. Moreover, in order to avoid damage to the blade, the hardness of the material used for manufacturing the special measuring tool (especially the mounting groove position) is generally lower than that of the blade 1, so that the mounting groove is easily worn during use, and the size is changed.
In the measuring process, each measuring part needs a special tool, so that each blade needs multiple sets of special tools, and the production cost is high. In addition, the large number of the tools also causes great management difficulty and increases the maintenance difficulty of the tools. And because the whole process is manually operated, the clamping and measuring process of each size requires a skilled operation skill of an operator.
The existing measuring process has low operation efficiency. For at least hundreds of finished products of various blade precision castings in each batch in actual production, each blade needs to be measured, so that the measuring process needs to consume a long time, and the measuring process can become one of important factors for prolonging the whole production period.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention is directed to a blade positioning base manufacturing apparatus that reduces or avoids the above-mentioned problems.
In order to solve the technical problem, the invention provides a manufacturing device of a blade positioning base, wherein the base is a rectangular block which is formed by casting low-melting-point alloy and surrounds a tenon tooth and assists in measuring the blade profile size of a blade body of a turbine blade, the size of an edge plate and the size of a locking plate groove at the top of the tenon tooth, the blade slots are not covered by the low melting point alloy, the turbine blade has a theoretical reference coordinate system, the z-axis of the theoretical reference coordinate system is coincident with the axis of the technological boss of the blade, the x-y plane of the theoretical reference coordinate system can be established by two axes of two standard rolling rods in a clamping state, the two axes can clamp the first pair of concave parts on two sides of the top tooth of the tenon tooth, the intersection point of the z-axis and the x-y plane is an original point, the x-axis passes through the original point and is parallel to the axes of the rolling rods, and the y-axis is perpendicular to the x-axis. The rectangular block comprises a first side elevation, a second side elevation, a third side elevation and a fourth side elevation which are sequentially connected, the first side elevation and/or the third side elevation is parallel to an x axis of the theoretical reference coordinate system, the second side elevation and/or the fourth side elevation is parallel to a y axis of the theoretical reference coordinate system, the rectangular block further comprises a first horizontal plane which is perpendicular to a z axis of the theoretical reference coordinate system and close to the locking piece groove, and the minimum distance between the top surface of the rectangular block and the edge plate in the z axis direction is not less than 2 mm. The device comprises a casting device for casting the blank of the rectangular block and a dissolving and shaping device for shaping the blank of the rectangular block.
The casting equipment comprises a casting base, a positioning sample plate and a casting cavity, wherein the casting base is connected with a first liftable suspension arm, a bearing is installed on the first suspension arm, a first process boss fixing device is rotatably connected with the first process boss through the bearing, the casting cavity is a T-shaped cavity, the casting cavity is formed by the casting base and a movable side wall movably connected with the casting base, the T-shaped surface of the side wall of the casting base where the first suspension arm is located is provided with a first reserved groove, the movable side wall corresponds to the first reserved groove and is provided with a second reserved groove, the movable side wall is provided with a pressing block which corresponds to the second reserved groove and can be detachably connected, and a mouth-shaped positioning frame is arranged on the first reserved groove and the second reserved groove.
The dissolving and shaping equipment comprises a shaping base, wherein the shaping base is connected with a second lifting arm capable of lifting, the second lifting arm is provided with a second process boss fixing device, the shaping base is provided with a hot oil cavity, the hot oil cavity is arranged below the second lifting arm, hot oil with the temperature not lower than 180 ℃ is injected into the hot oil cavity, and the size of the top surface of the hot oil cavity in at least one direction is smaller than the size of the rectangular block in the x-axis direction.
Preferably, at least one side of the casting cavity is formed by a removable flapper.
Preferably, at least one side of the casting cavity is inclined to the outside.
Preferably, the T-profile of the casting cavity is a horizontal profile for shaping the first horizontal surface.
Preferably, the positioning frame is made of a 3mm thick metal plate.
Preferably, the positioning frame is made of a resin plate 3-4mm thick.
According to the blade positioning base manufacturing device provided by the invention, the standardized base is prepared, so that the measuring period of the blade can be greatly shortened, and meanwhile, the production cost and the maintenance cost can be reduced.
Drawings
The drawings are only for purposes of illustrating and explaining the present invention and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. Wherein the content of the first and second substances,
FIG. 1a is a schematic perspective view of a first stage turbine blade;
FIG. 1b is a schematic perspective view of a two-stage turbine blade;
FIG. 1c is a schematic perspective view of a free-turbine blade;
FIG. 2a is a schematic illustration of a blade profile sizing of the first stage turbine blade of FIG. 1 a;
FIG. 2b is a schematic illustration of platform sizing of the first stage turbine blade of FIG. 1 a;
FIG. 2c is a schematic illustration of a measurement of the tip tab slot dimensions of the dovetail for the stage one turbine blade of FIG. 1 a;
FIG. 3a is a schematic illustration of a bedplate made by a blade positioning bedplate manufacturing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention being used for profile sizing of a turbine blade;
FIG. 3b is a schematic illustration of platform sizing of the turbine blade of FIG. 3 a;
FIG. 3c is a schematic illustration of a tooth top cleat slot size measurement taken on the turbine blade of FIG. 3 a;
FIG. 4a is a schematic partial cross-sectional structural view of a casting apparatus for preparing the base of FIG. 3 a;
FIG. 4b is a schematic partial cross-sectional structural view of the casting apparatus of FIG. 4a in a top view;
FIG. 4c is a schematic partial exploded perspective view of the casting apparatus of FIG. 4 a;
FIG. 4d is a schematic perspective view of a rectangular block manufactured by the casting apparatus of FIG. 4 c;
fig. 5 is a schematic partial sectional structural view of a dissolution reshaping apparatus for reshaping the rectangular block prepared in fig. 4 a.
Detailed Description
In order to more clearly understand the technical features, objects, and effects of the present invention, embodiments of the present invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. Wherein like parts are given like reference numerals.
FIG. 1a is a schematic perspective view of a first stage turbine blade; FIG. 2a is a schematic illustration of a blade profile sizing of the first stage turbine blade of FIG. 1 a; FIG. 3a is a schematic illustration of a bedplate made by a blade positioning bedplate manufacturing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention being used for profile sizing of a turbine blade; FIG. 3b is a schematic illustration of platform sizing of the turbine blade of FIG. 3 a; FIG. 3c is a schematic illustration of a tooth top cleat slot size measurement taken on the turbine blade of FIG. 3 a; FIG. 4a is a schematic partial cross-sectional structural view of a casting apparatus for preparing the base of FIG. 3 a; FIG. 4b is a schematic partial cross-sectional structural view of the casting apparatus of FIG. 4a in a top view; FIG. 4c is a schematic partial exploded perspective view of the casting apparatus of FIG. 4 a; FIG. 4d is a schematic perspective view of a rectangular block manufactured by the casting apparatus of FIG. 4 c; fig. 5 is a schematic partial sectional structural view of a dissolution reshaping apparatus for reshaping the rectangular block prepared in fig. 4 a. Referring to fig. 1a, 2a, 3a-5, the present invention provides a device for manufacturing a blade positioning base, wherein the base is a rectangular block 3 formed by casting a low-melting-point alloy and surrounding a tenon tooth 13, the size of a blade profile 11 of a turbine blade 1, the size of a flange 12 and the size of a locking plate groove 131 at the top of the tenon tooth 13 are measured, the locking plate groove 131 is not covered by the low-melting-point alloy, the rectangular block 3 is exposed, the turbine blade 1 has a theoretical reference coordinate system, a z-axis of the theoretical reference coordinate system is coincident with an axis of a process boss 14 of the blade 1, an x-y plane of the theoretical reference coordinate system can be established by two axes of a clamping state of two standard rolling rods 2 capable of clamping a first pair of recesses at both sides of a top tooth of the tenon tooth 13, an intersection point of the z-axis and the x-y plane is an origin, the x-axis passes through the origin and is parallel to the axis of the roller 2, and the y-axis is perpendicular to the x-axis. The rectangular block 3 comprises a first side elevation, a second side elevation, a third side elevation and a fourth side elevation which are connected in sequence, the first side elevation and/or the third side elevation is parallel to the x axis of the theoretical reference coordinate system, the second side elevation and/or the fourth side elevation is parallel to the y axis of the theoretical reference coordinate system, the rectangular block 3 further comprises a first horizontal plane 31 which is perpendicular to the z axis of the theoretical reference coordinate system and close to the locking piece groove 131, and the minimum distance between the top surface of the rectangular block and the flange plate 12 in the z axis direction is not less than 2 mm. The device comprises a casting device 4 for casting the blank of the rectangular block and a dissolution reshaping device 5 for reshaping the blank of the rectangular block, and the using method of the device can comprise the following steps.
Step A, providing a casting device 4, wherein the casting device 4 comprises a casting base 41, a positioning template 42 and a casting cavity 43, the casting base 41 is connected with a first lifting arm 411 which can be lifted, a bearing is arranged on the first lifting arm 411, a first process boss fixing device 44 is rotatably connected through a bearing, the process boss 14 of the blade 1 to be tested is inserted and installed in the first process boss fixing device 44, the blade 1 is locked in the first process boss fixing device 44 through a screw, so that the blade 1 is hung on the first suspension arm 411, by adjusting and locking the position of the first boom 411 in the vertical direction, the directions of the x, y, z axes of the theoretical reference frame of the blade 1 can be fixed, but the blade 1 (i.e. the theoretical reference frame) can be rotated on the first boom 411. Then, the positioning template 42 corresponding to the blade 1 to be measured is mounted on the casting base 41, so that the angular direction of the blade 1 can be fixed by the contact between the positioning template 42 and the flange 12 of the blade 1, and thus all degrees of freedom of the blade 1 are fixed.
The first process boss fixing device 44 is provided with an insertion hole which is matched (clearance fit) with the process boss 14, and a fixing screw is connected in the insertion hole, so that the connection relationship between the blade 1 and the first process boss fixing device can be fixed by inserting the process boss 14 into the insertion hole and tightening the screw. The process boss 14 of the blade 1 is mounted on the first process boss fixture 44, which makes it possible to fix, immovable, but rotatable along the bearing center, the x, y, z directions of the theoretical reference coordinate system of the blade 1. For different types of turbine blades, a dedicated positioning template 42 may be manufactured for each type of the blade 1, as shown in fig. 4a and 4b, the positioning template 42 may be fixedly connected to the casting base 41 by fastening screws, and by the auxiliary positioning of the positioning template 42, it is ensured that the blade 1 connected to the process boss fixing device 44 can stably stay in the casting cavity 43, and the theoretical reference coordinate system of the blade 1 is parallel to the coordinate system of the sidewall of the casting cavity 43. That is, two opposite side walls of the casting cavity 43 are respectively parallel to the x-axis and the y-axis of the theoretical reference coordinate system, and when the different types of blades 1 are replaced, the different types of blades 1 can be positioned only by loosening fastening screws, and removing and replacing the corresponding positioning templates 42.
Referring to fig. 4a, 4b and 4c, the casting cavity 43 may be formed by the casting base 41 and the movable side wall 45 movably connected to the casting base 41, referring to fig. 4c, the casting base 41 may be provided with a first guide groove 46, and the movable side wall 45 may be provided with a first guide post 451 corresponding to the first guide groove 46, so that the movable side wall 45 may be easily connected to and separated from the casting base 41, thereby conveniently forming the casting cavity 43 and taking out the rectangular block 3 after casting.
The positioning template 42 may be disposed on a side wall of the casting cavity 43 on the same side as the first suspension arm 411, the movable side wall 45 may be a side wall opposite to the first suspension arm 411, and the casting cavity 43 may be a T-shaped cavity as shown in fig. 4a, such that the T-shaped surface 431 of the casting cavity 43 is a cavity surface for forming the first horizontal surface 31, and since the casting process completely covers the locking piece groove 131 covering the top of the tenon tooth 13, the casting cavity 43 adopts a T-shaped cavity body, so that the first horizontal surface 31 formed by the T-shaped surface 431 can be prevented from being damaged in the subsequent process of removing the unnecessary low melting point alloy structure, and can be used as a positioning reference.
Referring to fig. 4c and 4d, the movable side wall 45 and the side wall of the casting base 41 may be provided with the T-shaped surface 431, and since the side wall of the casting base where the first suspension arm 411 is located is a fixed structure and the movable side wall 45 needs to be linearly moved, the T-shaped surface 431 may be mainly the T-shaped surface 431 of the side wall of the casting base 41 where the first suspension arm 411 is located. When the subsequent measurement and clamping are carried out, the positioning surface of the measurement tool can be clamped by using the first horizontal surface 31 formed by the T-shaped surface 431 of the side wall of the casting base 41 as the positioning surface.
The T-shaped surface 431 of the sidewall of the casting base 41 where the first suspension arm 411 is located is provided with a first pre-groove 4111, the movable sidewall 45 is provided with a second pre-groove 4511 corresponding to the first pre-groove 4111, the movable sidewall 45 is provided with a detachably connected pressing block 4512 corresponding to the second pre-groove 4511, through the first pre-groove 4111 and the second pre-groove 4511, a "mouth" shaped positioning frame 47 can be provided before the blade is installed and the rectangular block 3 is cast, and the positioning frame 47 can be made of a metal plate with a thickness of 3mm or a resin plate material with a thickness of 3-4mm and high temperature resistance (more than 200 degrees).
Referring to fig. 4d, after the positioning frame 47 is disposed in the casting cavity 43, the blade 1 is put down, so that the positioning frame 47 can be cast with the rectangular block 3 during the casting process, and since the positioning frame 47 is disposed to penetrate through the casting cavity 43 before the casting, an intuitive visual reference can be provided, thereby facilitating the adjustment of the position of the blade 1 in the vertical direction, so that an operator can intuitively determine whether the locking piece groove 131 is located below the first horizontal plane 31. In addition, the positioning frame 47 is of a surrounding and integrated 'mouth' structure, so that the situation of thermal deformation and warping in the casting process can be avoided.
And step B, casting a low-melting-point alloy in the casting cavity 43, brushing the low-melting-point alloy with a brush dipped in cold water after casting, waiting for about 5 seconds, loosening the screw of the first process boss fixing device 44 after the low-melting-point alloy is cooled and solidified, and taking down the movable side wall 45 of the casting cavity 43 (or lifting the first suspension arm 411 if needed), so that the blade 1 provided with the rectangular block 3 can be taken out.
Step C, providing a dissolving and shaping device 5, wherein the dissolving and shaping device 5 comprises a shaping base 51, the shaping base 51 is connected with a second lifting arm 511 capable of lifting, the second lifting arm 511 is provided with a second process boss fixing device 54, the process boss 14 of the blade 1 to be measured is inserted and installed in the second process boss fixing device 54, the blade 1 is locked in the second process boss fixing device 54 through a screw, the blade 1 is hung on the second lifting arm 511, the shaping base 51 is provided with a hot oil cavity 52, the hot oil cavity 52 is arranged below the second lifting arm 511, hot oil with the temperature not lower than 180 ℃ is filled in the hot oil cavity 52, and the alloy part, which is wrapped and covered on the top of the tenon tooth 13, below the first horizontal plane 31 can be immersed in the hot oil cavity 52 by adjusting the height position of the second lifting arm 511, this causes the alloy covering the tab slot 131 at the top of the tenon tooth 13 to be dissolved, thereby exposing the tab slot 131 from the rectangular block 3. The second boom 511 is lifted to bring the tenon tooth 13 out of contact with the hot oil of the hot oil chamber 52, and the blade 1 is removed, completing the preparation of the rectangular block 3.
As shown in fig. 5, an oil outlet may be disposed at the bottom of the hot oil chamber 52, and an oil filling port may be disposed at the top thereof, so that the hot oil chamber 52 may be connected to the hot oil circulation processing apparatus 6 through a pipeline, thereby ensuring the temperature of the hot oil in the hot oil chamber 52 and timely recovering the low melting point alloy dissolved in the hot oil.
The hot oil circulation treatment device 6 may comprise a cooling tank (not shown) and a heater (not shown) connected in sequence, and the specific structure may refer to the structure of the cooling tank and the heater adopted in the blade cavity low melting point alloy removing device provided by the inventor's team in chinese patent 201611189008.2, and will not be described herein again.
After the blade 1 is hung on the second process boss fixing device 54, the z-axis position of the blade 1 is fixed on the second suspension arm 511, so that the position of the rectangular block 3 of the blade 1 immersed in the hot oil chamber 52 can be controlled by controlling the lifting and lowering of the second suspension arm 511. Of course, as shown in fig. 5, at least one dimension of the top surface of the hot oil chamber 52 in one direction is set to be smaller than the dimension of the rectangular block 3 in the x-axis direction, so that the contact between the positioning frame 47 and the top surface of the hot oil chamber 52 can limit the position of the rectangular block 3 immersed in the hot oil, and the first horizontal surface 31 can be prevented from melting and deforming due to the contact with the hot oil by the spacing of the positioning frame 47.
If the rectangular block 3 is left to stand in hot oil only, it usually takes 10-15 minutes to ensure that the alloy covering the tab slot 131 is completely dissolved.
The second process boss fixing device 54 may also be rotatably connected to the second suspension arm 511 through a bearing, so that, after the blade 1 is hoisted and immersed in hot oil, the blade 1 may be rotated, thereby increasing the speed of alloy dissolution, and in order to better control the rotation of the blade 1, the second process boss fixing device 54 may be provided with a rod 541 extending out of the top surface of the second suspension arm 511 after being fixedly connected to the bearing on the second suspension arm 511, so that the motor 7 may be connected through a belt, a gear, and the like arranged on the extended rod 541, thereby more precisely controlling the rotation speed of the blade 1.
When the rotating speed of the blade 1 is controlled to be 10-20 revolutions per minute, the rectangular block 3 is soaked in hot oil for 5-8 minutes to completely dissolve the alloy coating the locking piece groove 131.
Since the positioning frame 47 protrudes from the first plane 31 on the rectangular block 3 after casting, and after the step C, the positioning frame 47 is retained in the rectangular block 3, when subsequent measurement and clamping are performed, the positioning surface of the measurement tool may be clamped by using the first plane 31 formed by the T-shaped surfaces 431 of the two side walls of the casting base 41, on which the first preformed groove 4111 is not disposed, as the positioning surface. The positioning frame 47 is avoided.
The casting device 4 and the dissolution and shaping device 5 may share a base, that is, the casting base 41 and the shaping base 51 may be on the same base plate, so that all operations may be performed at one station.
The casting device 4 and the dissolution and shaping device 5 may share a base, that is, the casting base 41 and the shaping base 51 may be on the same base plate, so that all operations may be performed at one station.
Because the low-melting-point alloy has good hardness and strength, the rectangular block 3 surrounding the tenon tooth 13 is formed by casting the low-melting-point alloy, and the low-melting-point alloy shrinks towards the tenon tooth 13 after being cooled, solidified and shaped, so that the tenon tooth 13 is firmly clamped by the tooth form of the tenon tooth 13.
Since the first side elevation and/or the third side elevation of the rectangular block 3 are parallel to the x-axis of the theoretical reference coordinate system, the second side elevation and/or the fourth side elevation are parallel to the y-axis of the theoretical reference coordinate system, and the first horizontal plane 31 is perpendicular to the z-axis of the theoretical reference coordinate system, i.e. the first horizontal plane 31 is parallel to the x-y plane, the reference coordinate system of the blade 1 can be defined by limiting the outer surface of the rectangular block 3, and the theoretical reference coordinate system of the blade 1 can be easily made parallel to the reference coordinate system of the measuring instrument, so that the blade 1 can be conveniently positioned and fixed by using similar fixtures capable of limiting at least three surfaces in each measuring stage, and the reference coordinate system of the measuring instrument can be conveniently adjusted to coincide with the theoretical reference coordinate system of the blade 1, the measuring tool and the measuring tool structure in each measuring process can be simplified. And improve the measurement efficiency.
The first side elevation and/or the third side elevation and the second side elevation and/or the fourth side elevation of the rectangular block 3 are mainly used for clamping and positioning, and in the subsequent measurement process, the reference coordinate system of the blade 1 can be controlled by positioning the process boss 14, so that the first side elevation and/or the third side elevation and/or the second side elevation and/or the fourth side elevation are only required to be not too close to the flange plate 12 and have a certain distance (for example, the minimum distance is not less than 5mm, the maximum distance is not more than 30mm, and if the distance is too large, the rectangular block 3 is easy to have a large volume, and the energy consumption in the manufacturing process is wasted), and therefore, in the step a, when the blade 1 is fixed, only the flange plate 12 is required to be kept at a certain distance from the side wall of the casting cavity.
The minimum distance between the top surface of the rectangular block 3 and the flange 12 in the z-axis direction can be controlled to be larger than 2mm, so that the space requirement for measuring the size of the flange 12 can be ensured.
The minimum distance between the first horizontal surface 31 and the locking piece slot 131 in the z-axis direction can be greater than 1.5 mm. This leaves sufficient measurement space for the locking piece slot 131.
In practice, for 3 kinds of turbine blades of a certain type of engine, as the casting equipment can be combined into one set when the device is adopted, the casting molding of different types of blade bases can be realized only by replacing the positioning sample plates. And the structure of the measuring tool and the measuring tool in the measuring process is greatly simplified, so that the preparation time for replacing the measuring tool is greatly shortened, and compared with the original process method in the background technology, the time for construction period can be shortened by about 50%. Moreover, because the measuring tools are reduced, the production cost is greatly reduced, and the tool cost can be reduced by about 60 percent compared with the original measuring method in the background technology. In the measuring process, because the planes such as the side vertical face and the horizontal plane of the rectangular block 3 are positioned and clamped, the high-precision loose block positioning in the background technology can be avoided, the manufacturing cost of the tool is reduced, and the difficulty in tool maintenance is also reduced.
According to the blade positioning base manufacturing device provided by the invention, the standardized base is prepared, so that the measuring period of the blade can be greatly shortened, and meanwhile, the production cost and the maintenance cost can be reduced.
It should be appreciated by those of skill in the art that while the present invention has been described in terms of several embodiments, not every embodiment includes only a single embodiment. The description is given for clearness of understanding only, and it is to be understood that all matters in the embodiments are to be interpreted as including technical equivalents which are related to the embodiments and which are combined with each other to illustrate the scope of the present invention.
The above description is only an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Any equivalent alterations, modifications and combinations can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and principles of the invention.

Claims (6)

1. A blade positioning base manufacturing apparatus, wherein the base is a base for assisting in measuring a profile dimension of a blade body of a turbine blade, a size of a rim plate, and a size of a locking plate groove of a tip of a tenon, a rectangular block cast from a low-melting alloy surrounding the tenon is formed, the locking plate groove is not covered by the low-melting alloy, the turbine blade has a theoretical reference coordinate system, a z-axis of the theoretical reference coordinate system coincides with an axis of a process boss of the blade, an x-y plane of the theoretical reference coordinate system is established by two standard rollers capable of clamping a first pair of recesses at both sides of the tip of the tenon in two axes of a clamped state, an intersection point of the z-axis and the x-y plane is an origin, the x-axis passes through the origin and is parallel to the axes of the rollers, the y-axis is perpendicular to the x-axis, and the rectangular block includes a first side surface, a second side surface, a third side surface, and a fourth side, A second side elevation, a third side elevation and a fourth side elevation, the first side elevation and/or the third side elevation being parallel to the x-axis of the theoretical reference coordinate system, the second side elevation and/or the fourth side elevation being parallel to the y-axis of the theoretical reference coordinate system, the rectangular block further comprising a first horizontal plane perpendicular to the z-axis of the theoretical reference coordinate system and adjacent to the locking piece slot, a minimum distance between a top surface of the rectangular block and the flange plate in the z-axis direction being not less than 2mm, comprising a casting device for casting a blank of the rectangular block and a solution shaping device for shaping the blank of the rectangular block,
the casting equipment comprises a casting base, a positioning sample plate and a casting cavity, wherein the casting base is connected with a first lifting arm which can be lifted, a bearing is installed on the first lifting arm, the first process boss fixing device is rotatably connected with the first lifting arm through the bearing, the casting cavity is a T-shaped cavity, the casting cavity is formed by the casting base and a movable side wall which can be movably connected with the casting base, a first reserved groove is formed in a T-shaped surface of the side wall of the casting base where the first lifting arm is located, a second reserved groove is formed in the movable side wall corresponding to the first reserved groove, a pressing block which corresponds to the second reserved groove and can be detachably connected is arranged on the movable side wall, and a mouth-shaped positioning frame is arranged through the first reserved groove and the second reserved groove,
the dissolving and shaping equipment comprises a shaping base, wherein the shaping base is connected with a second lifting arm capable of lifting, the second lifting arm is provided with a second process boss fixing device, the shaping base is provided with a hot oil cavity, the hot oil cavity is arranged below the second lifting arm, hot oil with the temperature not lower than 180 ℃ is injected into the hot oil cavity, and the size of the top surface of the hot oil cavity in at least one direction is smaller than the size of the rectangular block in the x-axis direction.
2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein at least one side of the casting cavity is formed by a removable flapper.
3. The apparatus of claim 1, at least one side of the casting cavity being outwardly sloped.
4. The apparatus of claim 1, the T-profile of the casting cavity being a horizontal profile for shaping the first horizontal surface.
5. The device of claim 1, the positioning frame being made of 3mm thick sheet metal.
6. The device of claim 1, wherein the positioning frame is made of a 3-4mm thick resin plate.
CN201811495918.2A 2018-12-07 2018-12-07 Blade positioning base manufacturing device Active CN109332652B (en)

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