CN109331151A - 一种风湿浴药及其制备方法 - Google Patents

一种风湿浴药及其制备方法 Download PDF

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CN109331151A
CN109331151A CN201811505214.9A CN201811505214A CN109331151A CN 109331151 A CN109331151 A CN 109331151A CN 201811505214 A CN201811505214 A CN 201811505214A CN 109331151 A CN109331151 A CN 109331151A
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周育霖
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周育霖
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种风湿浴药及其制备方法,所述风湿浴药的原料组分包括:寻骨风、威灵仙、豨签草、松节、防风、桂枝、蓁艽、海桐皮、木瓜、细辛、当归、红花、老鹳草、路路通、五加皮、赤芍、胆南星、艾叶、姜黄、全蝎、黄芪。本发明所述风湿浴药,各种中药组分相互作用,协同增效,以匡扶正气为主,以祛风、散寒、化湿、清热、润燥为辅,标本兼治,长期使用,能够显著改善风湿病人体质,缓解各种风湿病痛。

Description

一种风湿浴药及其制备方法
技术领域
本发明属于中药技术领域,具体涉及一种风湿浴药及其制备方法。
背景技术
风湿病是一组侵犯关节、骨骼、肌肉、血管及有关软组织或结缔组织为主的疾病,发病多较隐蔽而缓慢,病程较长,西医治疗方法一般是各种非甾类抗炎药、糖皮质激素和免疫抑制剂,有较好的短期或长期的缓解作用,但是治疗成本高且容易反复,无法根治。中医在治疗风湿病这种慢性疾病上有其独特优势,但是传统的口服剂型长期服用又会给肝肾带来负担。市面上也有一些外用的治疗风湿病的中药制剂,但治疗效果良莠不齐。
发明内容
为了解决现有技术中存在的上述问题,本发明提供一种风湿浴药及其制备方法,所述风湿浴药为外用中药制剂,其组方科学、疗效显著、治疗成本低廉、制备方法简单,具有推广应用价值。
本发明的技术方案为:
一种风湿浴药,原料组分包括:
寻骨风64-96重量份、威灵仙80-120重量份、豨签草64-96重量份、松节120-180重量份、防风160-240重量份、桂枝80-120重量份、蓁艽80-120重量份、海桐皮120-180重量份、木瓜56-84重量份、细辛40-60重量份、当归160-240重量份、红花80-120重量份、老鹳草80-120重量份、路路通160-240重量份、五加皮80-120重量份、赤芍80-120重量份、胆南星120-180重量份、艾叶80-120重量份、姜黄160-240重量份、全蝎80-120重量份、黄芪160-240重量份。
进一步地,所述风湿浴药的原料组分包括:
寻骨风72-88重量份、威灵仙90-110重量份、豨签草72-88重量份、松节135-165重量份、防风180-220重量份、桂枝90-110重量份、蓁艽90-110重量份、海桐皮135-165重量份、木瓜63-77重量份、细辛45-55重量份、当归180-220重量份、红花90-110重量份、老鹳草90-110重量份、路路通180-220重量份、五加皮90-110重量份、赤芍90-110重量份、胆南星135-165重量份、艾叶90-110重量份、姜黄180-220重量份、全蝎90-110重量份、黄芪180-220重量份。
进一步地,所述风湿浴药的原料组分包括:
寻骨风80重量份、威灵仙100重量份、豨签草80重量份、松节150重量份、防风200重量份、桂枝100重量份、蓁艽100重量份、海桐皮150重量份、木瓜70重量份、细辛50重量份、当归200重量份、红花100重量份、老鹳草100重量份、路路通200重量份、五加皮100重量份、赤芍100重量份、胆南星150重量份、艾叶100重量份、姜黄200重量份、全蝎100重量份、黄芪200重量份。
一种制备所述风湿浴药的方法,包括如下步骤:
(1)分别称取寻骨风、威灵仙、豨签草、松节、防风、桂枝、蓁艽、海桐皮、木瓜、细辛、当归、红花、老鹳草、路路通、五加皮、赤芍、胆南星、艾叶、姜黄、全蝎、黄芪,经分别干燥、粉碎后,得到各原料细粉,将所述各原料细粉进行充分混合,得到混合药粉;
(2)向步骤(1)所述混合药粉中加入水,然后加热进行煎煮,过滤后,滤液即为所述风湿浴药。
进一步地,步骤(1)中,所述干燥的温度为45-55℃,所述干燥的时间为2-4h。
进一步地,所述干燥的温度为50℃,所述干燥的时间为3h。
进一步地,步骤(1)中,所述各原料细粉的粒径为40-60目。
进一步地,所述各原料细粉的粒径为50目。
进一步地,步骤(2)中,所述混合药粉和水的重量比为1:10-20。
进一步地,步骤(2)中,所述煎煮为先武火煮开,然后文火煎煮15-20min。
为了便于理解本发明,现对本发明中的原料药及药效作进一步阐述。
寻骨风,味辛、苦,性平。有祛风通络,止痛的功效。用于风湿痹痛,胃痛,睾丸肿痛,跌打伤痛等症。
威灵仙,味辛、咸,性温。有祛风湿,通经络的作用。用于风湿痹痛,肢体麻木,筋脉拘挛,屈伸不利。
豨签草,味苦、辛,性寒。祛风湿,通经络,清热解毒。用于风湿痹痛,筋骨不利,腰膝无力,半身不遂,高血压病,疟疾,黄疸,痈肿,疮毒,风疹湿疮,虫兽咬伤。
松节,味苦,性温。祛风燥湿,舒筋通络,活血止痛。风寒湿痹,历节风痛,脚痹痿软,跌打伤痛。
防风,味辛、甘,性微温。祛风解表,胜湿止痛,止痉。用于外感表证,风疹瘙痒,风湿痹痛,破伤风正,脾虚湿盛。
桂枝,味辛、甘,性温。发汗解表、散寒止痛、通阳化气。用于风寒感冒、寒凝血滞诸痛症、痰饮、蓄水证、心悸。
蓁艽,味苦、辛。苦燥湿,辛散风,去肠胃之热,益肝胆之气,养血荣筋;利大小便。治风寒痹湿,通身挛急,虚劳骨蒸以及疸黄,酒毒,肠风,泻血,口噤,牙痛,湿胜风淫之证。
海桐皮,味苦、辛,性平。祛风湿,通经络,化湿杀虫。用于风湿痹痛、腰膝疼痛、手足拘挛等证,以及用于痛风,症见下肢脚关节或趾端尽痛,尤其夜间痛甚,还可用于皮肤癣疮、疥疮、漫疮。
木瓜,味酸,性温。有舒筋活络,和胃化湿的功效。用于治疗湿痹拘挛,腰膝关节酸重疼痛,暑湿吐泻,转筋挛痛,脚气水肿。
细辛,味辛,性温。解表散寒,祛风止痛,通窍,温肺化饮。风寒感冒,头痛,牙痛,风湿痹痛,鼻渊,肺寒咳嗽。
当归,味甘、辛,性温。补血活血,调经止痛,润肠通便。用于血虚萎黄,眩晕心悸,月经不调,经闭痛经,虚寒腹痛,风湿痹痛,跌扑损伤,痈疽疮疡,肠燥便秘。酒当归活血通经。用于经闭痛经,风湿痹痛,跌扑损伤。
红花,味辛,性温。活血通经,散瘀止痛。用于经闭,痛经,恶露不行,症瘕痞块,胸痹心痛,瘀滞腹痛,胸胁刺痛,跌扑损伤,疮疡肿痛。
老鹳草,味苦、微辛,性平。祛风通络,活血,清热利湿。风湿痹痛,肌肤麻木,筋骨酸楚,跌打损伤,泄泻,痢疾,疮毒。
路路通,味苦,性平。有祛风活络,利水,通经的作用。用于关节痹痛,麻木痉挛,水肿胀满,乳少,经闭。
五加皮,味辛、苦,性温。有祛风湿,补益肝肾,强筋壮骨,利水消肿的作用。用于风湿痹病,筋骨痿软,小儿行迟,体虚乏力,水肿,脚气。
赤芍,味苦,性微寒。清热凉血,散瘀止痛。用于热人营血,温毒发斑,吐血衄血,目赤肿痛,肝郁胁痛,经闭痛经,瘾瘕腹痛,跌扑损伤,痈肿疮疡。
胆南星,味苦、微辛,性凉。清热化痰,息风定惊。用于痰性热咳嗽,咯痰黄稠,中风痰迷,癫狂惊痫。
艾叶,味苦、辛,性温。温经止血,散寒止痛。用于吐血衄血,崩漏下血,腹中冷痛,经行腹痛。
姜黄,味辛、苦,性温。破血行气,痛经止痛。用于胸胁刺痛,胸痹心痛,痛经经闭,症瘕,风湿肩臂疼痛,跌扑肿痛。
全蝎,味辛,性平。息风镇痉,通络止痛,攻毒散结。用于肝风内动,痉挛抽搐,小儿惊风,中风口半身不遂,破伤风,风湿顽痹,偏正头痛,疮疡,瘰疬。
黄芪,味甘,性微温。益卫固表,补气升阳,托毒生肌,利水消肿。用于气虚乏力、食少便溏,中气下陷,久泻脱肛,自汁盗汗,血虚萎黄,阴疽漫肿,气虚水肿,内热消渴。
本发明的有益效果为:
1、本发明所述的风湿浴药,通过采用寻骨风、威灵仙、豨签草、松节、防风、桂枝、蓁艽、海桐皮、木瓜、细辛、当归、红花、老鹳草、路路通、五加皮、赤芍、胆南星、艾叶、姜黄、全蝎、黄芪为原料并进行适合的重量配比,其中,寻骨风、威灵仙、豨签草、松节、防风、海桐皮、木瓜、路路通、五加皮、老鹳草、蓁艽、全蝎具有祛风、化湿、通经络的作用,桂枝、细辛、艾叶具有散寒、止痛的作用,当归、红花具有活血、通经络的作用,赤芍、胆南星具有清热、润燥的作用,姜黄、黄芪具有补气、调理气血的作用。最终制备得到的所述风湿浴药,各种中药组分相互作用,协同增效,以匡扶正气为主,以祛风、散寒、化湿、清热、润燥为辅,标本兼治。本发明组方依据在于,本申请发明人根据辨证论治的中医治疗原则,经长期临床总结发现,正气不足是风湿病发病的内因,是本,而风寒湿热燥五邪是风湿病发病的外在诱因,是标,唯有固本以扶正,正胜邪却则病去。本发明治疗路线明确、组方科学、疗效显著、治疗成本低廉、制备方法简单,具有推广应用价值。
2、本发明所述风湿浴药可用于全身浸浴、半身浸浴或局部浸浴,长期使用,能够显著改善风湿病人体质,缓解各种风湿病痛,对风湿关节炎、肩关节炎、腰椎间盘突出、骨质增生均具有明显疗效。此外,本发明还可用于治疗各种皮肤病,包括牛皮癣、硬皮病、湿疹、荨麻疹、瘙痒症、神经性皮炎、风疹、疖肿痛以及痔疮和外阴妇科疾病。
3、本发明所述风湿浴药是一种外用浸浴用药,即采用具有治疗风湿病痛的中药药物进行全身浸浴、半身浸浴或局部浸浴,属于中药药浴疗法。与口服及其它给药方式相比,具有如下特点:(1)可以直接经皮肤吸收。具有持续、和缓、副作用小、不引起胃肠道反应等优点,因此特别适用于慢性病;(2)药效更强。一定温度的药浴能够使皮肤血管扩张,药物渗透作用加强,从而强化了药效,此外,对于一些局部细菌感染的情况,通过持续接触给药,能够快速清除局部致病原与代谢产物;(3)通过汽雾吸入发挥作用。药液温度高时产生的雾汽,可以将部分药物成分经口鼻吸收或作用于其他皮肤粘膜部位而发挥作用。
具体实施方式
下面通过具体实施例,对本发明作进一步说明。
下面实施例中以1重量份代表1g。
实施例1
本实施例提供一种风湿浴药,原料组分包括:
寻骨风64重量份、威灵仙80重量份、豨签草64重量份、松节120重量份、防风160重量份、桂枝80重量份、蓁艽80重量份、海桐皮120重量份、木瓜56重量份、细辛40重量份、当归160重量份、红花80重量份、老鹳草80重量份、路路通160重量份、五加皮80重量份、赤芍80重量份、胆南星120重量份、艾叶80重量份、姜黄160重量份、全蝎80重量份、黄芪160重量份。
进一步,提供一种所述风湿浴药的制备方法,包括如下步骤:
(1)分别称取寻骨风、威灵仙、豨签草、松节、防风、桂枝、蓁艽、海桐皮、木瓜、细辛、当归、红花、老鹳草、路路通、五加皮、赤芍、胆南星、艾叶、姜黄、全蝎、黄芪,经分别在45℃干燥4h后,粉碎,得到粒径为40目的各原料细粉,将所述各原料细粉进行充分混合,得到混合药粉;
(2)向步骤(1)所述混合药粉中加入水,所述混合药粉和水的重量比为1:10,然后武火煮开,之后文火煎煮15min,过滤后,滤液即为所述风湿浴药。
使用方法:取适量风湿浴药,加热至40℃,倒入浴桶,然后进行全身浸浴、半身浸浴或局部浸浴,浸浴后应补充水分及适量盐和食物,然后立即睡眠。
实施例2
本实施例提供一种风湿浴药,原料组分包括:
寻骨风96重量份、威灵仙120重量份、豨签草96重量份、松节180重量份、防风240重量份、桂枝120重量份、蓁艽120重量份、海桐皮180重量份、木瓜84重量份、细辛60重量份、当归240重量份、红花120重量份、老鹳草120重量份、路路通240重量份、五加皮120重量份、赤芍120重量份、胆南星180重量份、艾叶120重量份、姜黄240重量份、全蝎120重量份、黄芪240重量份。
进一步,提供一种所述风湿浴药的制备方法,包括如下步骤:
(1)分别称取寻骨风、威灵仙、豨签草、松节、防风、桂枝、蓁艽、海桐皮、木瓜、细辛、当归、红花、老鹳草、路路通、五加皮、赤芍、胆南星、艾叶、姜黄、全蝎、黄芪,经分别在55℃干燥2h后,粉碎,得到粒径为60目的各原料细粉,将所述各原料细粉进行充分混合,得到混合药粉;
(2)向步骤(1)所述混合药粉中加入水,所述混合药粉和水的重量比为1:20,然后武火煮开,之后文火煎煮20min,过滤后,滤液即为所述风湿浴药。
使用方法:取适量风湿浴药,加热至40℃,倒入浴桶,然后进行全身浸浴、半身浸浴或局部浸浴,浸浴后应补充水分及适量盐和食物,然后立即睡眠。
实施例3
本实施例提供一种风湿浴药,原料组分包括:
寻骨风72重量份、威灵仙90重量份、豨签草72重量份、松节135重量份、防风180重量份、桂枝90重量份、蓁艽90重量份、海桐皮135重量份、木瓜63重量份、细辛45重量份、当归180重量份、红花90重量份、老鹳草90重量份、路路通180重量份、五加皮90重量份、赤芍90重量份、胆南星135重量份、艾叶90重量份、姜黄180重量份、全蝎90重量份、黄芪180重量份。
进一步,提供一种所述风湿浴药的制备方法,包括如下步骤:
(1)分别称取寻骨风、威灵仙、豨签草、松节、防风、桂枝、蓁艽、海桐皮、木瓜、细辛、当归、红花、老鹳草、路路通、五加皮、赤芍、胆南星、艾叶、姜黄、全蝎、黄芪,经分别在50℃干燥3h后,粉碎,得到粒径为50目的各原料细粉,将所述各原料细粉进行充分混合,得到混合药粉;
(2)向步骤(1)所述混合药粉中加入水,所述混合药粉和水的重量比为1:15,然后武火煮开,之后文火煎煮20min,过滤后,滤液即为所述风湿浴药。
使用方法:取适量风湿浴药,加热至40℃,倒入浴桶,然后进行全身浸浴、半身浸浴或局部浸浴,浸浴后应补充水分及适量盐和食物,然后立即睡眠。
实施例4
本实施例提供一种风湿浴药,原料组分包括:
寻骨风88重量份、威灵仙110重量份、豨签草88重量份、松节165重量份、防风220重量份、桂枝110重量份、蓁艽110重量份、海桐皮165重量份、木瓜77重量份、细辛55重量份、当归220重量份、红花110重量份、老鹳草110重量份、路路通220重量份、五加皮110重量份、赤芍110重量份、胆南星165重量份、艾叶110重量份、姜黄220重量份、全蝎110重量份、黄芪220重量份。
进一步,提供一种所述风湿浴药的制备方法,包括如下步骤:
(1)分别称取寻骨风、威灵仙、豨签草、松节、防风、桂枝、蓁艽、海桐皮、木瓜、细辛、当归、红花、老鹳草、路路通、五加皮、赤芍、胆南星、艾叶、姜黄、全蝎、黄芪,经分别在50℃干燥3h后,粉碎,得到粒径为50目的各原料细粉,将所述各原料细粉进行充分混合,得到混合药粉;
(2)向步骤(1)所述混合药粉中加入水,所述混合药粉和水的重量比为1:15,然后武火煮开,之后文火煎煮20min,过滤后,滤液即为所述风湿浴药。
使用方法:取适量风湿浴药,加热至40℃,倒入浴桶,然后进行全身浸浴、半身浸浴或局部浸浴,浸浴后应补充水分及适量盐和食物,然后立即睡眠。
实施例5
本实施例提供一种风湿浴药,原料组分包括:
寻骨风80重量份、威灵仙100重量份、豨签草80重量份、松节150重量份、防风200重量份、桂枝100重量份、蓁艽100重量份、海桐皮150重量份、木瓜70重量份、细辛50重量份、当归200重量份、红花100重量份、老鹳草100重量份、路路通200重量份、五加皮100重量份、赤芍100重量份、胆南星150重量份、艾叶100重量份、姜黄200重量份、全蝎100重量份、黄芪200重量份。
进一步,提供一种所述风湿浴药的制备方法,包括如下步骤:
(1)分别称取寻骨风、威灵仙、豨签草、松节、防风、桂枝、蓁艽、海桐皮、木瓜、细辛、当归、红花、老鹳草、路路通、五加皮、赤芍、胆南星、艾叶、姜黄、全蝎、黄芪,经分别在50℃干燥3h后,粉碎,得到粒径为50目的各原料细粉,将所述各原料细粉进行充分混合,得到混合药粉;
(2)向步骤(1)所述混合药粉中加入水,所述混合药粉和水的重量比为1:15,然后武火煮开,之后文火煎煮20min,过滤后,滤液即为所述风湿浴药。
使用方法:取适量风湿浴药,加热至40℃,倒入浴桶,然后进行全身浸浴、半身浸浴或局部浸浴,浸浴后应补充水分及适量盐和食物,然后立即睡眠。
以上所述,仅为本发明的具体实施方式,但本发明的保护范围并不局限于此,任何熟悉本技术领域的技术人员在本发明揭露的技术范围内,可轻易想到变化或替换,都应涵盖在本发明的保护范围之内。因此,本发明的保护范围应以所述权利要求的保护范围为准。

Claims (10)

1.一种风湿浴药,其特征在于,原料组分包括:
寻骨风64-96重量份、威灵仙80-120重量份、豨签草64-96重量份、松节120-180重量份、防风160-240重量份、桂枝80-120重量份、蓁艽80-120重量份、海桐皮120-180重量份、木瓜56-84重量份、细辛40-60重量份、当归160-240重量份、红花80-120重量份、老鹳草80-120重量份、路路通160-240重量份、五加皮80-120重量份、赤芍80-120重量份、胆南星120-180重量份、艾叶80-120重量份、姜黄160-240重量份、全蝎80-120重量份、黄芪160-240重量份。
2.根据权利要求1所述的风湿浴药,其特征在于,原料组分包括:
寻骨风72-88重量份、威灵仙90-110重量份、豨签草72-88重量份、松节135-165重量份、防风180-220重量份、桂枝90-110重量份、蓁艽90-110重量份、海桐皮135-165重量份、木瓜63-77重量份、细辛45-55重量份、当归180-220重量份、红花90-110重量份、老鹳草90-110重量份、路路通180-220重量份、五加皮90-110重量份、赤芍90-110重量份、胆南星135-165重量份、艾叶90-110重量份、姜黄180-220重量份、全蝎90-110重量份、黄芪180-220重量份。
3.根据权利要求1所述的风湿浴药,其特征在于,原料组分包括:
寻骨风80重量份、威灵仙100重量份、豨签草80重量份、松节150重量份、防风200重量份、桂枝100重量份、蓁艽100重量份、海桐皮150重量份、木瓜70重量份、细辛50重量份、当归200重量份、红花100重量份、老鹳草100重量份、路路通200重量份、五加皮100重量份、赤芍100重量份、胆南星150重量份、艾叶100重量份、姜黄200重量份、全蝎100重量份、黄芪200重量份。
4.一种制备权利要求1-3任一项所述的风湿浴药的方法,其特征在于,包括如下步骤:
(1)分别称取寻骨风、威灵仙、豨签草、松节、防风、桂枝、蓁艽、海桐皮、木瓜、细辛、当归、红花、老鹳草、路路通、五加皮、赤芍、胆南星、艾叶、姜黄、全蝎、黄芪,经分别干燥、粉碎后,得到各原料细粉,将所述各原料细粉进行充分混合,得到混合药粉;
(2)向步骤(1)所述混合药粉中加入水,然后加热进行煎煮,过滤后,滤液即为所述风湿浴药。
5.根据权利要求4所述的制备方法,其特征在于,步骤(1)中,所述干燥的温度为45-55℃,所述干燥的时间为2-4h。
6.根据权利要求5所述的制备方法,其特征在于,所述干燥的温度为50℃,所述干燥的时间为3h。
7.根据权利要求4所述的制备方法,其特征在于,步骤(1)中,所述各原料细粉的粒径为40-60目。
8.根据权利要求7所述的制备方法,其特征在于,所述各原料细粉的粒径为50目。
9.根据权利要求4所述的制备方法,其特征在于,步骤(2)中,所述混合药粉和水的重量比为1:10-20。
10.根据权利要求4所述的制备方法,其特征在于,步骤(2)中,所述煎煮为先武火煮开,然后文火煎煮15-20min。
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