CN109315798A - A kind of fruit cutting process and device - Google Patents

A kind of fruit cutting process and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109315798A
CN109315798A CN201710635372.5A CN201710635372A CN109315798A CN 109315798 A CN109315798 A CN 109315798A CN 201710635372 A CN201710635372 A CN 201710635372A CN 109315798 A CN109315798 A CN 109315798A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit
cutting
positioning
profile
knife
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710635372.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周谷茜
Original Assignee
周谷茜
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 周谷茜 filed Critical 周谷茜
Priority to CN201710635372.5A priority Critical patent/CN109315798A/en
Publication of CN109315798A publication Critical patent/CN109315798A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N7/00Peeling vegetables or fruit
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N4/00Machines for stoning fruit or removing seed-containing sections from fruit, characterised by their stoning or removing device
    • A23N4/02Machines for stoning fruit or removing seed-containing sections from fruit, characterised by their stoning or removing device for stoning fruit

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of fruit cutting process and devices, pass through the positioning to fruit;Obtain fruit profile;Cutting tool is to knife;Do not stop rotation by fruit and completes cutting;In cutting process, the cutting tool moves in single plane according to the fruit profile of acquisition, to guarantee identical cutting output.Cutting process of the present invention uses Automatic Control, one people can completely above-mentioned more set cutting apparatus simultaneously operations, realize the Batch Cutting of fruit, save a large amount of manpower and material resources cost, using the profile of fruit and the cutting output that fruit peel during the cutting process has accurately been determined to knife of cutter, the waste of fruit during the cutting process is avoided.

Description

A kind of fruit cutting process and device
Technical field:
The invention belongs to fruit cutting field more particularly to a kind of fruit cutting process and device.
Background technique:
Although there is various fruit cutting elements currently on the market, surface looks at rough exquisiteness, is mostly manual skiver Tool not only cuts time-consuming and laborious in fruit cutting process, and the fruit peel machined away is also that have thickness to have thin, virtually The waste of fruit is caused, demand of the large-scale fruit shop to the peeling machining of high-volume fruit is less able to satisfy.
Summary of the invention:
To solve technical problem present in the above-mentioned prior art, the present invention provides a kind of fruit cutting process and device, specifically Scheme is as follows:
A kind of fruit cutting process includes the following steps: to position fruit;Obtain fruit profile;Cutting tool is to knife;
Do not stop rotation by fruit and completes cutting;In cutting process, the cutting tool is according to the fruit profile of acquisition single It is moved in plane, to guarantee identical cutting output.
Preferably, the positioning device is cannulated sleeve, and fixed fruit on the positioning device follows positioning device together Rotation also separates fruit stone with pulp while fruit is completed to position by positioning device.
Preferably, after fruit completes positioning, using the stoning mechanism being located in the cannulated sleeve to extracting fruit stone.
Preferably, using laser imager record fruit in rotary course, the half of contour curve of fruit changes.
Preferably, starting point is cut to determine to knife, and cutting is arranged according to fruit profile and terminates height.
Preferably, the cutting tool includes two driving directions, the respectively direction of vertical feet mounting surface and direction The direction of positioning device shaft.
A kind of fruit cutting device, including pedestal are mounted on the base relative to the rotatable positioning device of pedestal, are located at The cutting tool of positioning device side, laser imager and control device;
The positioning device completes the positioning of fruit for fixing fruit, and fixed fruit on the positioning device is in cutting process In do not stop to rotate relative to pedestal;
The laser imager is for obtaining fruit profile;
According to the fruit profile of acquisition to cutting tool to knife, and cutting is set and terminates height;In cutting process, the bite Tool moves in single plane according to the fruit profile of acquisition, to guarantee identical cutting output.
Preferably, the positioning device is cannulated sleeve, starting position contact with fruit on the cannulated sleeve for for The blade of cutting edge of a knife or a sword is opened.
It preferably, further include stoning mechanism, the stoning mechanism only moves along a straight line;The stoning mechanism is located at sleeve Interior and coaxial with sleeve, the stoning mechanism includes telescopic push rod.
Preferably, the cutting tool includes vertical lift portion and the telescopic cutting edge for being directed toward sleeve rotor shaft direction Portion.
Compared with prior art, the present invention passes through the positioning to fruit;Obtain fruit profile;Cutting tool is to knife;Pass through Fruit does not stop rotation and completes cutting;In cutting process, the cutting tool moves in single plane according to the fruit profile of acquisition It is dynamic, to guarantee identical cutting output.Cutting process of the present invention uses Automatic Control, and a people completely above-mentioned simultaneously can cover more The operation of cutting apparatus realizes the Batch Cutting of fruit, saves a large amount of manpower and material resources cost, utilizes the wheel of fruit Wide and cutter the cutting output that fruit peel during the cutting process has accurately been determined to knife, avoids fruit during the cutting process Waste.
Detailed description of the invention:
Attached drawing 1 is overall mechanism schematic diagram of the invention.
Attached drawing 2 is the schematic diagram of the section structure of the invention.
Specific embodiment:
Further explanation of the contents of the invention are made with reference to the accompanying drawing:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the present embodiment provides a kind of fruit cutting process, this method passes through the positioning to fruit;Obtain water Fruit profile;Cutting tool 2-2 is to knife;Do not stop rotation by fruit and completes cutting;In cutting process, the cutting tool 2-2 root It is moved in single plane according to the fruit profile of acquisition, to guarantee identical cutting output.Cutting process of the present invention is using full-automatic Control, people can completely above-mentioned more set cutting apparatus simultaneously operations, realize the Batch Cutting of fruit, save A large amount of manpower and material resources cost, utilizes the profile of fruit and the fruit peel of cutter accurately determined to knife during the cutting process Cutting output, avoid the waste of fruit during the cutting process.In the present embodiment in knife and lathe in machining to knife A concept, the present embodiment by the way that the thickness of skin that starting cutting point and the fruit of fruit are shaved has been determined to knife, Cutting output has exactly been determined.The cutting starting point of fruit is generally proximal to pedestal, and cutting tool is gradually distance from pedestal after starting cutting, Until cutting terminates.
Positioning device 3 is cannulated sleeve, is the blade 3-1 for having opened cutting edge of a knife or a sword at the first contact position of positioning device 3 and fruit, It is positioned such that device 3 just can be readily intercalated into fruit, so that fruit be made to be fixed on the outer wall of positioning device, while by fruit core It is isolated in the inner cavity 3-2 of positioning device 3, separates fruit stone with pulp.Starting is enucleated the telescopic rod 5-2 in mechanism 5 for fruit stone Inner cavity 3-2 is ejected, so that fruit stone be completely removed from pulp.Start motor 4, the bevel gear 4-1 that driving is located at shaft end drives Bevel gear 3-3 rotation, so that entire positioning device 3 and the fruit being fixed in positioning device 3 be driven to rotate together.Utilize laser Imager records the curvilinear motion of half edge profile of fruit in entire rotary course after fruit starts rotation.Due to being fruit rotation Turn, cutter is located at the side of positioning device, therefore the curvilinear motion for only recording a certain half edge profile of section of fruit is sufficient for cutting It is required that can guarantee identical cutting output, while reducing the treating capacity of outline data, improves the operation speed of controller indirectly Degree.The fruit profile recorded according to laser recorder, setting cutting terminate height, working face of the fruit away from pedestal 1 of usually fetching water The 95% of the maximum distance of 1-1 is that cutting terminates height, unfavorable because extreme higher position is almost parallel with cutting direction by section In cutting.There are two driving directions for cutting tool, and a direction for vertical feet mounting surface, one turns to be directed toward positioning device The direction of axis, both direction cooperate, cutting tool is accurately moved along the contour line of fruit, improve by The thickness of the fruit peel machined away i.e. the control precision of cutting output.
The present embodiment also provides a kind of fruit cutting device, and as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, which includes pedestal 1, is installed on Relative to the rotatable positioning device 3 of pedestal 1 on pedestal 1, cutting apparatus 2 positioned at 3 side of positioning device, laser imager (not shown) and control device (not shown);Cutting apparatus 2 includes cutting tool 2-2 and makes the edge cutting tool 2-2 It is fixed on working face 1-1 perpendicular to the mobile drive screw 2-1 of 1 working face 1-1 of pedestal, drive screw 2-1, working face 1-1 I.e. machining when fruit where one side.Cutting tool 2-2 includes the vertical lift portion that screw pair is formed with drive screw 2-1 2-2-1, and it is connected and is directed toward the telescopic cutting edge portion of the rotor shaft direction of positioning device 3 by telescopic rod with 2-2-1 2-2-2.Preferred orientation device 3 is cannulated sleeve, and the blade 3-1 including having opened cutting edge of a knife or a sword, the blade 3-1 for having opened cutting edge of a knife or a sword are located at positioning device Most start the position contacted with fruit.Fruit is pressed into positioning device 3, the presence of the blade 3-1 due to having opened cutting edge of a knife or a sword, fruit can be with It is easily pressed into positioning device 3 very much, so that fruit be made to be fixed on the outer wall of positioning device 3, completes the positioning of fruit, simultaneously In position fixing process, fruit stone is isolated in the inner cavity 3-2 of positioning device 3, and realization pulp is separated with fruit stone.The device also wraps Include stoning mechanism 5, stoning mechanism 5 includes the support frame 5-1 that is fixed on pedestal and be mounted on support frame 5-1 electronic push away Bar 5-2, electric pushrod 5-2 and positioning device 3 are coaxial, after pulp is tentatively separated with fruit stone, electronic pushing away in starting stoning mechanism 5 Bar 5-2 makes electric pushrod 5-2 that fruit stone be ejected inner cavity 3-2 along the axis direction linear extension of positioning device 3, and then by fruit stone It is completely removed from pulp.The fruit cutting device further includes motor 4, and motor is located at opposite with the working face 1-1 of pedestal 1 another On one side, the bevel gear 4-1 that the driving of motor 4 is located at shaft end is rotated, with the bevel gear 3-3 rotation in dynamic positioning system 3, so that entirely Positioning device 3 and the fruit being fixed in positioning device 3 rotate together, and bevel gear 3-3 can be whole with the formation of positioning device 3 one Body can also adopt a split structure, and those skilled in the art can select according to the actual situation.Bevel gear 3-3 is located at support frame Between 5-1 and the another side opposite with the working face 1-1 of pedestal 1.Start laser imager, it is whole after record fruit starts rotation The curvilinear motion of half edge profile of fruit in a rotary course.After the completion of profile record, stop fruit rotation, mobile cutting tool 2- 2 complete to determine cutting starting point and cutting output to knife, that is, the thickness for the fruit peel being cut off, and controller is according to being remembered The profile of the fruit of record remains the constant distance of cutting tool incision fruit profile, to keep any moment is identical to cut The amount of cutting.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of fruit cutting process, which comprises the steps of: positioned to fruit;Obtain fruit profile;Bite Tool is to knife;Do not stop rotation by fruit and completes cutting;In cutting process, the cutting tool is according to the fruit profile of acquisition in list It is moved in one plane, to guarantee identical cutting output.
2. being fixed on positioning dress the method according to claim 1, wherein the positioning device is cannulated sleeve The fruit set follows positioning device to rotate together, while fruit is completed to position by positioning device, also makes fruit stone and pulp It separates.
3. according to the method described in claim 2, it is characterized in that, fruit complete positioning after, using be located at the hollow sleeve Stoning mechanism in cylinder is to extracting fruit stone.
4. the method according to claim 1, wherein using laser imager record fruit in rotary course, The half of contour curve of fruit changes.
5. the method according to claim 1, wherein cutting starting point to knife to determine, and according to fruit profile Setting cutting terminates height.
6. the method according to claim 1, wherein the cutting tool includes two driving directions, respectively The direction of vertical feet mounting surface and the direction for being directed toward positioning device shaft.
7. a kind of fruit cutting device, which is characterized in that including pedestal, be mounted on the base relative to the rotatable positioning of pedestal Device, the cutting tool positioned at positioning device side, laser imager and control device;
The positioning device completes the positioning of fruit for fixing fruit, and fixed fruit on the positioning device is in cutting process In do not stop to rotate relative to pedestal;
The laser imager is for obtaining fruit profile;
According to the fruit profile of acquisition to cutting tool to knife, and cutting is set and terminates height;
In cutting process, the cutting tool moves in single plane according to the fruit profile of acquisition, to guarantee identical cut The amount of cutting.
8. a kind of fruit cutting device according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the positioning device is cannulated sleeve, The starting position contacted on the cannulated sleeve with fruit is the blade to have opened cutting edge of a knife or a sword.
9. according to a kind of fruit cutting device of claim 8, which is characterized in that further include stoning mechanism, the stoning mechanism is only It moves along a straight line;The stoning mechanism is located in sleeve and coaxial with sleeve, and the stoning mechanism includes telescopic push rod.
10. according to a kind of fruit cutting device of claim 7, which is characterized in that the cutting tool include vertical lift portion and It is directed toward the telescopic cutting edge portion of sleeve rotor shaft direction.
CN201710635372.5A 2017-07-30 2017-07-30 A kind of fruit cutting process and device Pending CN109315798A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710635372.5A CN109315798A (en) 2017-07-30 2017-07-30 A kind of fruit cutting process and device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710635372.5A CN109315798A (en) 2017-07-30 2017-07-30 A kind of fruit cutting process and device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109315798A true CN109315798A (en) 2019-02-12

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710635372.5A Pending CN109315798A (en) 2017-07-30 2017-07-30 A kind of fruit cutting process and device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109315798A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111805074A (en) * 2020-07-16 2020-10-23 柳州市智甲金属科技有限公司 Friction stir welding device and calibration method thereof

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN87206431U (en) * 1987-04-13 1988-04-06 聂健星 Rapid rotary peeling knife
JP2012080851A (en) * 2010-10-14 2012-04-26 Inamoku:Kk Core-removing, skin-peeling and dividing apparatus for farm crop such as apple, persimmon, pear and onion
CN204317440U (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-05-13 上海电机学院 Seeder
CN105759648A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-07-13 京东方科技集团股份有限公司 Peeling method and apparatus
CN106376939A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-02-08 安徽睿知信信息科技有限公司 Apple peeling and core removing all-in-one machine
CN106805257A (en) * 2017-04-13 2017-06-09 惠安县丽佳智能设备有限公司 A kind of rotary peeling and corning of fruits seeder

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN87206431U (en) * 1987-04-13 1988-04-06 聂健星 Rapid rotary peeling knife
JP2012080851A (en) * 2010-10-14 2012-04-26 Inamoku:Kk Core-removing, skin-peeling and dividing apparatus for farm crop such as apple, persimmon, pear and onion
CN204317440U (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-05-13 上海电机学院 Seeder
CN105759648A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-07-13 京东方科技集团股份有限公司 Peeling method and apparatus
CN106376939A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-02-08 安徽睿知信信息科技有限公司 Apple peeling and core removing all-in-one machine
CN106805257A (en) * 2017-04-13 2017-06-09 惠安县丽佳智能设备有限公司 A kind of rotary peeling and corning of fruits seeder

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111805074A (en) * 2020-07-16 2020-10-23 柳州市智甲金属科技有限公司 Friction stir welding device and calibration method thereof

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Application publication date: 20190212