CN109293157A - A kind of sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering - Google Patents

A kind of sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109293157A
CN109293157A CN201811297667.7A CN201811297667A CN109293157A CN 109293157 A CN109293157 A CN 109293157A CN 201811297667 A CN201811297667 A CN 201811297667A CN 109293157 A CN109293157 A CN 109293157A
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China
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water
pond
sewage
pipe
tank
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CN201811297667.7A
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CN109293157B (en
Inventor
张健
张艳辉
董润宇
王亮
于新强
孙振超
高利宁
纪惠强
初建
张滨
胥鹏
刘恒
宫晓东
孟兆龙
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/005Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by heat treatment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/02Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography
    • B01D53/04Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography with stationary adsorbents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/77Liquid phase processes
    • B01D53/78Liquid phase processes with gas-liquid contact
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/02Biological treatment
    • C02F11/04Anaerobic treatment; Production of methane by such processes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G7/00Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals
    • F23G7/06Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals of waste gases or noxious gases, e.g. exhaust gases
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/50Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by addition or application of a germicide or by oligodynamic treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/002Construction details of the apparatus
    • C02F2201/007Modular design
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2203/00Apparatus and plants for the biological treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2203/006Apparatus and plants for the biological treatment of water, waste water or sewage details of construction, e.g. specially adapted seals, modules, connections
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/04Disinfection
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/14Maintenance of water treatment installations
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/02Aerobic processes
    • C02F3/12Activated sludge processes
    • C02F3/1236Particular type of activated sludge installations
    • C02F3/1268Membrane bioreactor systems
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/30Aerobic and anaerobic processes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

A kind of sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, the sludge in grid septic tank are discharged into septic tank and periodically aspirate outward transport disposition by fecal suction truck;Sewage enters in grid septic tank via water inlet to be handled, sewage enters in water quantity and quality conditioning tank via water outlet, water inlet pipe to be handled, sewage enters in hydrolysis acidification reaction tank via draining pump, wastewater influent cylinder to be handled, sewage enters in A/O biochemistry pool via drainpipe, sewage inlet to be handled, sewage enters in MBR membrane biological reaction pond via effluent pipe mouth, wastewater inlet to be handled, sewage enters in sterilization pool via outlet pipeline, water inlet to be handled, and is finally terminated via outlet pipe discharge purification, qualified discharge;Aerator provides Air Exposure for A/O biochemistry pool and MBR membrane biological reaction pond;Chlorine dioxide generator provides chlorine dioxide for sterilization pool;The exhaust gas generated in hydrolysis acidification reaction tank is collected by the road is delivered to waste gas purification apparatus processing, rear high altitude discharge up to standard.

Description

A kind of sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering
Technical field
The present invention relates to water conservancy and hydropower technical field, at especially a kind of sewage waste gas purification for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering Reason system.
Background technique
With the rapid development of science and technology, field of water conservancy has also obtained significantly developing, development speed Remote supermans' it is contemplated that protect underground water source not contaminated, have become the weight that today's society is paid close attention to the most and needs to solve Want problem.And the sewage of the same trade or business in water conservancy and hydropower development is also unavoidable, and if water conservancy and hydropower sewage direct emission will pollute Environment, this can bring loss.
The analysis found that: (1) traditional brick mix septic tank traditional sense septic tank due to being only limitted to storage excrement, lacks Weary technology content, more outstanding is that traditional brick mixes septic tank in actual application, not easy cleaning, nor is convenient for The maintenance in later period.
(2) the homogeneous efficiency of conditioning tank is lower, and effect is more undesirable;It cannot achieve the self-regulation of pool inner water position;Equipment goes out When existing failure, whole waste water processes are influenced.
(3) the bottom muddy water of sewage hydrolyzing reaction tank mixes uneven, and sludge is easy to be deposited on bottom, influences whole efficiency; Capacity of resisting impact load is low, and treatment effeciency is caused to decline;Hose nozzle is unreasonable at sewage, and it is poor to easily lead to the water outlet of entire reactor, Even systemic breakdown.
(4) A/O biochemistry pool need to be improved for the rate and efficiency of sewage treatment, and in A/O biochemistry pool Portion's structure, it is also desirable to further rationalize.
(5) MBR membrane biological reaction pond lacks integrated MBR membrane biological reaction and implements, thus corresponding package unit is set It is standby less, energy consumption it is high.
(6) wastewater disinfection pond needs in sewage ejection thimerosal to come pair in disinfection when sewage enters in sterilization pool after Its dilution that carries out disinfection, and the ejection position of thimerosal is relatively fixed in existing sterilization pool, disinfection certainly will be will lead to slowly and Insufficient, it is not up to standard to will lead to Disinfection Effect often, reduces disinfection efficiency, causes to waste, under the influence of a technique operation.
(7) distribution of aerator bronchus is more, but aeration head outlet area is small, and aeration head and bronchus it is integrated at Type, be between the two it is relatively-stationary, aeration spray head can not be run by rotary type.
(8) chlorine dioxide generator lacks to adjust chlorine dioxide liquid concentration and detect and operate;If in addition chlorine dioxide liquid Concentration adjusts the inappropriate water quality that will affect once be added in water and discharges, and people's health can be also threaten when serious, is not answered Ignore.
(9) waste gas purification apparatus energy consumption during spraying liquid-spraying purified liquid is higher;And exhaust gas is in the device gradually It is difficult to assemble at spraying mechanism during rising, this will affect the effect of purified treatment;Existing waste gas purification apparatus exists The quality to gas treatment is difficult to ensure in processing.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve above-mentioned problems of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of sewage for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering Exhaust gas purifying treatment system.
A kind of sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, sludge the being discharged into excrement in grid septic tank Outward transport disposition is periodically aspirated by fecal suction truck in pond;Sewage enters in grid septic tank via water inlet to be handled, and sewage is via out The mouth of a river, water inlet pipe, which enter in water quantity and quality conditioning tank, to be handled, and sewage enters hydrolysis acidification via draining pump, wastewater influent cylinder It is handled in reaction tank, sewage enters in A/O biochemistry pool via drainpipe, sewage inlet to be handled, and sewage is via out Hose nozzle, wastewater inlet, which enter in MBR membrane biological reaction pond, to be handled, and sewage enters disinfection via outlet pipeline, water inlet It is handled, is finally terminated via outlet pipe discharge purification, qualified discharge in pond;Aerator is that A/O biochemistry pool and MBR film are raw Object reaction tank provides Air Exposure;Chlorine dioxide generator provides chlorine dioxide for sterilization pool;It is generated in hydrolysis acidification reaction tank Exhaust gas collect by the road be delivered to waste gas purification apparatus processing, it is up to standard after high altitude discharge.
Grid septic tank is divided into three level-one septic tank, two stage digestion pond, clarifying basin chambers by two groups of partitions inside pond body Body;Level-one septic tank, two stage digestion pond are respectively provided at the top of clarifying basin and can rotate the end cap come, a side of end cap Along by keeping being flexibly connected between runner assembly and pond body, it is provided with water inlet on level-one septic tank, is provided on clarifying basin Water outlet is provided with outlet pass on partition.
Water quantity and quality conditioning tank has and adjusts pond body and end cap, water supplement port, and water supplement port is connected to external water inlet pipe;It adjusts The lower end of pond body is connected to drainpipe;The inside for adjusting pond body is provided with the filtrate of multilayer regulating water quality by mesh enclosure.Sewage by Water inlet pipe enters in conditioning tank body through water supplement port, flows from top to bottom, is carried out to it certainly in flow process by multilayer filtrate So adjust, can be temporarily stored in conditioning tank body by the filtered water of filter material layer and carry out natural sedimentation, effect is ideal and high-efficient, at This is low;It is easy to group to build among middle-size and small-size sewage disposal system.
Hydrolysis acidification reaction tank, the interior lower end of lower fixed pond body have protruded into wastewater influent cylinder, the inside of lower fixed pond body Equipped with rectification water dispensing board, the upper and lower for rectifying water dispensing board is respectively formed hydrolysis acidification reaction zone and water distributing area, upper mobile pond body It is internally provided with inclined tube Disengagement zone, the top of inclined tube Disengagement zone forms clear water zone, and the inner upper end of upper mobile pond body has finger-type Effluent trough, supernatant are discharged by finger-type effluent trough, and finger-type effluent trough is connected to drainpipe.
A/O biochemistry pool, stainless steel casing inside have water distributing area, anaerobic biological area, aerobic biochemical area and gathering ground;Match Separated between pool and anaerobic biological area by the first grid, between anaerobic biological area and aerobic biochemical area by the second grid every It opens, the top of the second grid is the first solid wall, it is separated between aerobic biochemical area and gathering ground by the second solid wall, the The upper end of two solid walls forms flowing water area;The bottom in anaerobic biological area is provided with aerator.
MBR membrane biological reaction pond, including reaction tank outer housing, and oxygen compatibility pool, MBR inside reaction tank outer housing Pond, sludge storage pool;Oxygen compatibility pool, the pond MBR, sludge storage pool keep integrated formed structure with the inside of reaction tank outer housing respectively.It is dirty The MBR membrane biological reaction pond of water process uses pipeline connection between oxygen compatibility pool and the pond MBR;The pond MBR upper end is provided with outlet pipe Road, the outer end of outlet pipeline are connected to circulating pump after stretching out outside reaction tank outer housing;The bottom of oxygen compatibility pool is connected by sludge collecting pipe Lead to sludge storage pool, is provided with sludge pump on sludge collecting pipe;The bottom of sludge storage pool, which is provided with, to be stretched out outside reaction tank outer housing Sludge pipe.The MBR membrane biological reaction pond of sewage treatment, is equipped with wastewater inlet at the top of reaction tank outer housing, outside reaction tank The inside of shell is fixed with inclined partition, and sewage temporary storage cavity, the bottom of sewage temporary storage cavity and oxygen compatibility pool are formed at the top of partition Top connection.The MBR membrane biological reaction pond of sewage treatment, reaction tank outer housing are internally provided with filter screen, filter screen Inclination is fixed on the lower section of wastewater inlet, and the outside of filter screen forms impurity temporary storage cavity.
Sterilization pool has outer housing, sterilization pool support, sterilization pool inner cavity, disinfection rabbling mechanism, cover board, disinfection support machine Structure support rail, disinfection supporting mechanism, water inlet and outlet pipe;Sterilization pool inner cavity is fixed within the outer shell, and the two is formed whole Body passes through the fixed support of sterilization pool support;Cover board is mounted on sterilization pool inner cavity upper end, and disinfection rabbling mechanism is fixed by cover board;Disappear Malicious supporting mechanism support rail is integrally in annulus shape and the upper surface location for being fixed on cover board, is had in the middle part of disinfection supporting mechanism support rail Opening, opening left and right side are formed with the roller-coaster chamber being arc-shaped, and the above and below of roller-coaster chamber has sliding mouth.Disappear Malicious supporting mechanism has idler wheel, connecting cylinder I, connecting cylinder II, connecting cylinder III;Idler wheel is connected to the outer of connecting cylinder I by bracket Side, the idler wheel sterilized in supporting mechanism are placed in sliding cavity by above-mentioned opening and move;The lower end of connecting cylinder III, which is connected with, to be expanded Connector expands and is connected with lifting drawstring on connector;Connecting cylinder I, connecting cylinder II and connecting cylinder III are respectively hollow cylinder, Its inside, which is run through, the disinfection hose being connected to external disinfection equipment;It expands to be equipped on connector and disappear with what disinfection hose was connected to Venom spray head.It is provided on cover board for sterilizing the stretching of the connecting cylinder I in supporting mechanism and mobile curved channel.
Aerator, with inlet manifold, the escape pipe being connected with inlet manifold and the mechanism of qi out being connected with escape pipe Structure, the end of escape pipe have rotational connection end head, and air-out mechanism mass activity is arranged on rotational connection end head;Air-out mechanism Bar, Clothoid type ejecting head and plug are sprayed with Clothoid type connector, jointing, Clothoid type;Clothoid type connector activity It is buckled on rotational connection end head, multiple groups jointing is set around Clothoid type connector, multiple groups jointing is separately connected one Group Clothoid type sprays bar, and Clothoid type ejecting head is installed in the end that Clothoid type sprays bar, and the end of Clothoid type connector is close by plug Envelope.
Chlorine dioxide generator, including aqueous slkali device, acid solution device, reactor, mixer, surge tank, chlorine dioxide are dense Degree detection and extraction raffinate processing unit and PLC control equipment;Aqueous slkali device and acid solution device pass through first pipe and second respectively Pipeline is connected to reactor, and the output end of reactor is connected to mixer by third pipeline, and mixer is connected to by pipeline buffers again Tank, surge tank by the 4th pipeline be connected to chlorine dioxide concentration detection and extraction raffinate processing unit, chlorine dioxide concentration detection and it is remaining Chlorine dioxide concentration detector is provided in liquid processing device, surge tank is also circumscribed with efferent duct, output is equipped on efferent duct Metering pump, chlorine dioxide concentration detector are connect with the signal input part of PLC control equipment, and PLC controls the signal output of equipment End is connect with metering pump.It is divided into water tank and work inside the chlorine dioxide concentration detection of chlorine dioxide generator and extraction raffinate processing unit Property charcoal filter device, the 4th pipeline protrudes into from the front end of water tank, and clear water water inlet pipe, active carbon filtering dress are communicated on the 4th pipeline It sets and is connected by the porous water distribution inlet tube for being located at its front end with water tank, the rear end of active carbon filtering device is equipped with porous catchment Drain pipe;Chlorine dioxide concentration detector is located at the bottom of water tank.
Waste gas purification apparatus, including spraying box, communicating pipe, purifying box and pedestal;Spraying box and purifying box are separately fixed at On pedestal, spraying box is connected to purifying box by communicating pipe;Active carbon layer and taste removal oxidant layer is distributed in the inside of purifying box, purification The top of case is gas outlet pipe after purification;Purifying box is internally provided with sink, is equipped with heating device, heating device in sink The water boiling for making sink makes in purifying box full of high-temperature water vapor;The waste gas purification apparatus further includes exhaust gas access mechanism and spray Drench mechanism;Exhaust gas access mechanism inner end is located at the lower inside of spraying box, and the outer tube of exhaust gas access mechanism stretches out in spraying box, spray Leaching mechanism is located at the inner upper of spraying box.
The present invention compared to the prior art, the advantage is that:
The present invention provides grid septic tank by improving herein, has the advantages that
Advantage 1: level-one septic tank, two stage digestion pond, clarifying basin bottom be respectively formed concave architecture, in sewage disposal process The sediment left can accumulate in the corresponding region of concave architecture, be easy to the later period and it is excluded and is rinsed.Level-one septic tank, second level It is respectively arranged on the end cap at the top of septic tank, clarifying basin and draws mouth clearly;It can be by drawing mouth clearly to corresponding heavy in concave architecture Starch is excluded and is rinsed.The corresponding end cap downside inclination of level-one septic tank is fixed with deflector;It enters from the inlet Sewage can prevent from splashing along the deflector fair current of inclination fixation.The inside of level-one septic tank is equipped with filter screen, passes through filtering Net can be filtered the sewage substance entered from the inlet.
Advantage 2: level-one septic tank, two stage digestion pond are respectively arranged with aerator inside clarifying basin, aerator and perpendicular Connected to aeration tube, it is outer and be connected to external aeration general pipeline that pond body is stretched out in the upper end of vertical aeration tube again, aeration general pipeline with outside The connection of portion's blower.The Nature microbial flora of various concentration can be filled in level-one septic tank and two stage digestion pond, and pass through exposure Device of air cooperation is implemented.
The present invention provides water quantity and quality conditioning tank by improving herein, have the advantages that following improvement and:
Advantage 1: it in use, sewage is entered in conditioning tank body by water inlet pipe through water supplement port, flows from top to bottom, in flow process In by multilayer filtrate Natural regulation is carried out to it, can be temporarily stored in conditioning tank body by the filtered water of filter material layer and carry out nature and sink It forms sediment;This mode of operation effect is ideal and high-efficient, at low cost;It is easy to group to build among middle-size and small-size sewage disposal system.
Advantage 2: adjusting the inside of pond body and be equipped with high water level sensor, low water level sensor positioned at the lower section of filtrate, Intake pump and draining pump be installed on water inlet pipe and drainpipe, high and low water level sensor respectively with the control outside conditioning tank body The corresponding signal input part connection of control equipment, the output end for controlling equipment are connect with intake pump and draining pump respectively.High water level passes Sensor, low water level sensor are used for the water-holding quantity current to adjusting pond body and are measured in real time, if water level is sensed lower than low water level When device, control intake pump draws water into conditioning tank body, if after water level is higher than high water level sensor, stopping intake pump to adjusting pond body Inside draw water;After a certain period of time, control draining pump discharges water the intracorporal water sedimentation of conditioning tank.Therefore conditioning tank of the present invention can be mended automatically Water continuity, it can be achieved that pool inner water position works.
Advantage 3: the upper layer of three-layer filter is that density is 2g/cm3Haydite layer, middle layer is that density is 2.6g/cm3Stone Sand layer, lower layer are that density is 2.6g/cm3Gravel layer.Filtrate is three layers, is respectively in the inclination of 2-5 degree with horizontal direction;Make Entire packing layer can be passed through under gravity flow conditions into the intracorporal sewage in pond, without energy consumption, maintained easily.
The present invention provides hydrolysis acidification reaction tank herein, have the advantages that as follows improve and:
Advantage 1: by upper mobile pond body integral jacking, sewage is pumped by wastewater influent cylinder to water distributing area control hydraulicefficiency elevation structure Interior, water flow is discharged from cross-like water outlet, drives base sludge to form rotary mixing type ascending current, sewage and mud mixed liquid are upper Reaction is come into full contact with during rising, by rectification water dispensing board until reaching inclined tube Disengagement zone, mud-water separation is carried out in Disengagement zone, Supernatant is discharged by finger-type effluent trough, and the sludge accumulation for rectifying water dispensing board lower part sinks back reaction zone at wadding body.To prevent dirt Mud aging and deposition are excessive, controllable spoil disposal pipeline intermittently starting, discharge part aging sludge, if sludge drainage system blocks, It can be backwashed by the flushing device outside backwash orifice.
Advantage 2: when not carrying out sewage treatment, it can control hydraulicefficiency elevation structure by upper mobile pond body entire lowering to lower solid Determine in pond body, so that lower fixed pond body and the overall volume of upper mobile pond body is become smaller, convenient for managing and controlling to entirety.The present invention The advantages that the advantages that smaller with occupied area, equipment is few, with low investment, operational management is more convenient, saves power, occupied area It is small, convenient operation and management.
The present invention provides A/O biochemistry pool by improving herein, have the advantages that following improvement and:
Advantage 1: the inner inclination of stainless steel casing is provided with deflector;The sewage entered from the inlet can be fixed along inclination Deflector fair current, prevent from splashing;Deflector is located at below filter screen, keeps internal structure distribution more reasonable.A/O biochemistry pool can Among sewage treatment process, its advantage is that making more to rationalize inside biochemistry pool, anaerobic biological area, aerobic biochemical are improved The corresponding processing speed in area, and then promote the efficiency of whole system.
Advantage 2: aerator has air inlet pipe and air-out mechanism, and aerator has multiple ejection bars and spray head, makes Aeration can be quickly completed.Anaerobic biological area is vertically placed with multiple groups filler unit, and the upper and lower end of filler unit has connection Fixing end on the inside of stainless steel casing, is mesh enclosure between fixing end, and the inside of mesh enclosure is the filler fixture block of multilayer V-arrangement, filler It is covered with filler between fixture block.Filler can be densely fixed in mesh enclosure by the structure of filler unit, can prevent filler from loosely falling off, Guarantee the efficiency of filler.
Advantage 3: the middle and upper part of gathering ground is provided with effluent pipe mouth, and the bottom of gathering ground is provided with sludge pipe, sludge pipe Outside is provided with backwash interface;To prevent sludge aging and deposition excessive, sludge pipe intermittently starting, discharge part aging can control Sludge can be backwashed if sludge drainage system blocks by the flushing device outside backwash orifice.In gathering ground Bottom be equipped with backwash baffle, can prevent from backwashing the bottom of gathering ground is damaged.
The present invention provides MBR membrane biological reaction pond by improving herein, have the advantages that following improvement and:
Advantage 1:MBR membrane biological reaction pond collects oxygen compatibility pool, the pond MBR, sludge storage pool in integration, can Fast Installation in sewerage Among, not only can guarantee using the pond MBR activated sludge and larger molecular organics matter are retained and but also eliminate secondary settling tank, can be extensive Among standard emission system applied to the sewage of high concentration.
Advantage 2: reaction tank outer housing has the impurity cleaning window that can be opened, and it is temporary corresponding to impurity that impurity clears up window Deposit the side of chamber;Window can be cleared up by impurity to be purged the impurity particle retained in impurity temporary storage cavity.Reaction tank shell Phosphor bodies structure uses the glass steel material with anti-rust and corrosionproperties, therefore the reaction tank can be prepared into buried structure.Reaction Wastewater inlet is installed, the inside of reaction tank outer housing is fixed with inclined partition, the top shape of partition at the top of the outer housing of pond At sewage temporary storage cavity, the bottom of sewage temporary storage cavity is connected to the top of oxygen compatibility pool;The inside of reaction tank outer housing is rationally utilized Space meets the maximum efficiency to sewage treatment and maximizes.Reaction tank outer housing is internally provided with filter screen, filter screen inclination It is fixed on the lower section of wastewater inlet, the outside of filter screen forms impurity temporary storage cavity;Filter screen can dirt to being pumped into through wastewater inlet Water is filtered, and large particle can be trapped, and is finally retained in impurity temporary storage cavity.
The present invention provides sterilization pool by improving herein, have the advantages that following improvement and:
Advantage 1: when sterilization pool is run, sewage to be sterilized is pumped into from water inlet into sterilization pool inner cavity, when sewage is extracted into centainly After amount, sterilize the external sterilizing equipment decontaminating apparatus of hose, the thimerosal in external sterilizing equipment decontaminating apparatus from disinfection hose and sterilized liquid spray head to Sewage sprays, and during thimerosal sprays, operator can pull lifting drawstring up and down manually, makes to promote thimerosal spray Position of the head in sewage, contact the upper, middle and lower of sewage can with thimerosal;Operator can also be along arc The entire disinfection supporting mechanism of path manual dragging, makes to sterilize supporting mechanism and does not stop a position, to allow antiseptic shower nozzle It is that can guarantee that thimerosal is dispersed in sewage in moving condition in the position in sewage of spray disinfectant.Thimerosal After having sprayed, sewage can suitably be stirred by sterilizing rabbling mechanism, facilitate sterilizing and purifying.
Advantage 2: sterilization pool inner cavity is stainless steel inner cavity or glass inner cavity, the inner cavity manufacturing cost of stainless steel or glass material It is lower.Interlayer cavity is formed between sterilization pool inner cavity and outer housing, can be passed through thermal insulation medium in interlayer cavity;And in outlet pipe On control valve is installed, outlet pipe is controlled by control valve.
The present invention provides aerator by improving herein, have the advantages that following improvement and:
Advantage 1: the end of the escape pipe of aerator has rotational connection end head, and air-out mechanism mass activity setting connects in rotation It connects on end.There is air-out mechanism Clothoid type connector, jointing, Clothoid type to spray bar, Clothoid type ejecting head and plug; Clothoid type connector is movable buckle on rotational connection end head, and multiple groups jointing, multiple groups are arranged around Clothoid type connector Jointing is separately connected one group of Clothoid type and sprays bar, and Clothoid type ejecting head is installed in the end that Clothoid type sprays bar, and Clothoid type connects The end of fitting is sealed by plug.The fluid of inlet manifold's external blower when operation, formation sprays returning for boom end by Clothoid type Rotating ejecting head sprays, and since Clothoid type connector movable buckle is on rotational connection end head, rubs between the two smaller, because This forms it into Clothoid type fortune when Clothoid type spray head itself can also generate the motive force moved backward in sprinkling spray liquid It is dynamic, can uniformly, quickly complete aeration, energy consumption is lower in whole process.
Advantage 2: the output end of inlet manifold and the arrival end of escape pipe are connected by ring flange;It can guarantee that rapid abutting joint is real It is existing.The arrival end of escape pipe is internally provided with strainer;It can be prevented by strainer and cross the particulate matter in air filtering.In escape pipe Inner wall of end is provided with flow disturbing device.Flow disturbing device is sheet, channel-shaped or helical form;It can prevent or reduce bridging problem.
The present invention provides chlorine dioxide generator herein, have the advantages that as follows improve and:
Advantage 1: chlorine dioxide generator uses hydrochloric acid and sodium chlorate for raw material when implementing, or uses sodium chlorite or hydrochloric acid for original Material, correspondence form liquid in aqueous slkali device, acid solution device, are added in reactor and are chemically reacted in 4: 5 ratios, generate It is sufficiently mixed that chlorine dioxide enters mixer progress through (through dispensing mouth dispensing, the mouth that can also be offerd medicine is diluted with water) in third pipeline again It is entered in surge tank after conjunction.Extraction section liquid in surge tank is entered in water tank through the 4th pipeline, by be located at water tank two Chlorine monoxid concentration detector detects its concentration, controls metering pump by PLC control equipment if detectable concentration meets the requirements Output, if excessive concentration or it is too low when if deployed again.
Advantage 2: it after use, needs to handle chlorine-dioxide residual-liquid;Added by clear water water inlet pipe into water tank Enter clear water, raffinate and clear water form mixed solution in water tank, to reduce the processing load of back segment activated-carbon device, mixed solution Active carbon filtering device is flowed into through porous water distribution inlet tube, adsorbs thickness by dilution and activated-carbon device, it is residual so as to reduce By-product effective chlorine, chlorition in liquid etc. have achieved the purpose that chlorine-dioxide residual-liquid separation and processing, solution flow through After active carbon filtering device, by the porous drain pipe discharger that catchments, that is, separation, the processing to raffinate are completed, and will not be right Air around device pollutes.
The present invention provides waste gas purification apparatus by improving herein, have the advantages that following improvement and:
Advantage 1: active carbon layer and taste removal oxidant layer have certain gradient, form vertical parallax by gradient, pass through vertical parallax Promote the shifting certainly of exhaust gas in space, can greatly promote filter efficiency and energy saving.Purifying box is internally provided with sink, Heating device is equipped in sink, heating device makes the water boiling of sink, makes full of high-temperature water vapor in purifying box, can be to spray after Gas carry out high-temperature process.The waste gas purification apparatus is provided with heating wire in outer tube;Be arranged heating wire purpose be can be with Calcination and heating exhaust gas, first degrade in advance to the heat-sensitive materials in exhaust gas, are conducive to subsequent spray and neutralize absorption.Exhaust gas enters The inner termination of mechanism has multiple tracks air dispelling hole, and exhaust gas can be made slowly uniformly to scatter.The dry group of aqueous vapor is provided in gas outlet pipe Part makes the gas moisture-free of discharge.
Advantage 2: the waste gas purification apparatus also has spray liquid collecting box, by spray liquid collecting box convenient for collect from up to Under spray liquid, spray liquid collecting box is the intracavity bottom for being movably arranged on spraying box, and can pull out and along pedestal, therefore just In practical operation.Spraying box forms down big up small cone-shaped;Cone-shaped spraying box is convenient for applying the exhaust gas being gradually increasing Effect increases the contact surface with spray liquid, improves purification efficiency convenient for drawing close to spraying mechanism aggregation.
Advantage 3: when being handled, exhaust gas enters in spraying box the waste gas purification apparatus from outer tube, rises naturally, gives up Air purifying apparatus is using first carrying out spray operation to exhaust gas, then is filtered processing to exhaust gas, and this two parts is point It opens and independently carries out, that is, ensure that the rate and efficiency to waste gas purification processing.
Additional aspect and advantage of the invention will be set forth in part in the description, and will partially become from the following description Obviously, or practice through the invention is recognized.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention without creative efforts, can also be according to this for those of ordinary skill in the art A little attached drawings obtain other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the waste water processes schematic diagram of the invention patent;
Wherein: grid septic tank A, water quantity and quality conditioning tank B, hydrolysis acidification reaction tank C, A/O biochemistry pool D, MBR membrane biological reaction Pond E, sterilization pool F, aerator G, chlorine dioxide generator H, waste gas purification apparatus I.
Fig. 2 is the schematic internal view of grid septic tank;
Fig. 3 is three groups of end cap schematic diagrames in the open state in grid septic tank;
Fig. 4 is that grid septic tank is in buried corresponding status diagram;
Wherein: pond body A1, partition A2, level-one septic tank A3, two stage digestion pond A4, clarifying basin A5, end cap A6, runner assembly A7, Water inlet A 8, water outlet A 9, outlet pass A10, concave architecture A11 draw clearly a mouthful A12, deflector A13, filter screen A14, buried mark Remember plate A15, aerator A16, vertical aeration tube A17, is aerated general pipeline A18.
Fig. 5 is the overall structure diagram of water quantity and quality conditioning tank;
Fig. 6 is the buried implementation structural schematic diagram of water quantity and quality conditioning tank;
Wherein: pond body B1, end cap B2, water supplement port B3, water inlet pipe B4, drainpipe B5, filtrate B6, high water level sensor B7 are adjusted, Low water level sensor B8, intake pump B9, draining pump B10, impurity filtering net B11, deflector B12, aqua input channel B13.
Fig. 7 is the overall schematic of hydrolysis acidification reaction tank;
Fig. 8 be hydrolysis acidification reaction tank upper mobile pond body C2 entire lowering after status diagram;
Wherein: lower fixed pond body C1, upper mobile pond body C2, hydraulicefficiency elevation structure C3, support C4, wastewater influent cylinder C5, rectification are matched Water plate C6, hydrolysis acidification reaction zone C7, water distributing area C8, distributing hole C9, inclined tube Disengagement zone C10, finger-type effluent trough C11, drainpipe C12, inclined bottom wall C13, cross-like water outlet C14, spoil disposal pipeline C15 backwash interface C16.
Fig. 9 is overall structure of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the wastewater inlet schematic diagram in the open state of A/O biochemistry pool;
Figure 11 is the filler unit schematic diagram of A/O biochemistry pool;
Figure 12 is the aerator schematic diagram of A/O biochemistry pool;
Wherein: stainless steel casing D1, water distributing area D2, anaerobic biological area D3, aerobic biochemical area D4, gathering ground D5, the first grid D6, Second grid D7, the first solid wall D8, the second solid wall D9, flowing water area D10;Aerator D11, filler unit D12, Gu Fixed end D13, mesh enclosure D14, filler fixture block D15, air inlet pipe D16, connection end D17, connecting pin D18 connect D19, spray bar D20, spray head D21, plug D22, wastewater inlet D23, filter screen D24, deflector D25, rotating mechanism D26, effluent pipe mouth D27, Sludge pipe D28 backwashes interface D29, backwashes baffle D30.
Figure 13 is the overall structure diagram in MBR membrane biological reaction pond;
Figure 14 is the impurity cleaning window schematic diagram in the open state in MBR membrane biological reaction pond;
Figure 15 is the outlet pipeline schematic diagram in MBR membrane biological reaction pond;
Wherein: reaction tank outer housing E1, oxygen compatibility pool E2, MBR pond E3, sludge storage pool E4, outlet pipeline E5, circulating pump E6, sludge Collecting pipe E7, sludge pump E8, sludge pipe E9, wastewater inlet E10, partition E11, sewage temporary storage cavity E12, filter screen E13, impurity are temporary Chamber E14 is deposited, impurity clears up window E15, the inner tube E16 of outlet pipeline, inlet opening E17, comet filler E18.
Figure 16 is the overall structure diagram of sterilization pool;
Figure 17 is the schematical top view of sterilization pool;
Figure 18 is the disinfection supporting mechanism support rail structural schematic diagram of sterilization pool;
Figure 19 is the disinfection supporting mechanism structural schematic diagram of sterilization pool;
Figure 20 is connecting portion schematic diagram between connecting cylinder in the disinfection supporting mechanism of sterilization pool;
Wherein: outer housing F1, sterilization pool support F2, sterilization pool inner cavity F3 sterilize rabbling mechanism F4, cover board F5, sterilize support machine Structure support rail F6, be open F6A, roller-coaster chamber F6B, slides mouth F6C, sterilizes supporting mechanism F7, water inlet F8, outlet pipe F9, arc Shape channel F10, filter screen F11, control valve F12, idler wheel F71, connecting cylinder IF72, connecting cylinder IIF73, connecting cylinder IIIF74 expand Connector F75 is opened, drawstring F76 is gone up and down, sterilizes hose F77, antiseptic shower nozzle F78.
Figure 21 is the overall schematic of aerator;
Figure 22 is air-out mechanism schematic internal view in aerator
Figure 23 is air-out mechanism bottom schematic view in aerator;
Wherein: inlet manifold G1, escape pipe G2, air-out mechanism G3, rotational connection end head G4, Clothoid type connector G5, connection connect Head G6, Clothoid type spray bar G7, Clothoid type ejecting head G8, plug G9, flow disturbing device G10, strainer G11.
Figure 24 is the overall schematic of chlorine dioxide generator;
Figure 25 is chlorine dioxide concentration detection and the extraction raffinate processing unit schematic diagram of chlorine dioxide generator;
Wherein: aqueous slkali device H1, acid solution device H2, reactor H3, mixer H4, surge tank H5, chlorine dioxide concentration detection and Extraction raffinate processing unit H6, PLC control equipment H7, first pipe H8, second pipe H9, meter H10, third pipeline H11, and the 4th Pipeline H12, chlorine dioxide concentration detector H13, efferent duct H14 export metering pump H15, and offer medicine mouth H16, bypass filler pipe H17, water tank H18, active carbon filtering device H19, clear water water inlet pipe H20, porous water distribution inlet tube H21, the porous drain pipe that catchments H22。
Figure 26 is the overall schematic of waste gas purification apparatus;
Wherein: spraying box I1, communicating pipe I2, purifying box I3, pedestal I4, exhaust gas access mechanism I5, spraying mechanism I6, outer tube I7, Active carbon layer I8, taste removal oxidant layer I9, gas outlet pipe I10 after purification, heating wire I11, spray liquid collecting box I12, sink I13, Air dispelling hole I14, aqueous vapor dry component I15.
Specific embodiment
Disclosed exemplary embodiment that the present invention will be described in more detail below with reference to accompanying drawings, these embodiments be in order to The present invention is enough thoroughly understood, and range disclosed by the invention can be fully disclosed to those skilled in the art. Although showing exemplary embodiment disclosed by the invention in attached drawing, it being understood, however, that the present invention is without the reality that should be set forth Example is applied to be limited.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside" is based on attached drawing institute The orientation or positional relationship shown is merely for convenience of the description present invention, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must There must be specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
In addition, term " first ", " second ", " third " etc. are used for description purposes only, it is not understood to indicate or imply Relative importance.In the description of the present invention unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, term " connected ", " connection " should be done extensively Reason and good sense solution also to be detachably connected, or is integrally connected for example, to be fixedly connected;It is also electric connection for mechanical connection;For It is connected directly, it can also be indirectly connected through an intermediary.For the ordinary skill in the art, it can be managed with concrete condition Solve the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the present invention.
A kind of sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, being discharged into of sludge in grid septic tank A Manure pit periodically aspirates outward transport disposition by fecal suction truck;Sewage enters in grid septic tank A via water inlet A 8 to be handled, sewage warp Entered in water quantity and quality conditioning tank B by water outlet A 9, water inlet pipe B4 and handled, sewage is via draining pump B10, wastewater influent cylinder C5, which enters in hydrolysis acidification reaction tank C, to be handled, and sewage enters A/O biochemistry pool D via drainpipe C12, sewage inlet D23 In handled, sewage enters in MBR membrane biological reaction pond E via effluent pipe mouth D27, wastewater inlet E10 to be handled, sewage Enter in sterilization pool F via outlet pipeline E5, water inlet F8 and handled, finally terminates via outlet pipe F9 discharge purification, reaches Mark discharge;Aerator G provides Air Exposure for A/O biochemistry pool D and MBR membrane biological reaction pond E;Chlorine dioxide generator H is Sterilization pool F provides chlorine dioxide;The exhaust gas generated in hydrolysis acidification reaction tank C is collected by the road is delivered to waste gas purification apparatus I Processing, rear high altitude discharge up to standard.
Level-one septic tank A3, two stage digestion pond A4, clear is divided by two groups of partition A2 inside grid septic tank A, pond body A1 Tri- cavitys of clear pond A5.Buried marking plate A15 is fixed on the outside of pond body A1;The grid septic tank can according to buried implementation, At this time the end portion of buried marking plate A15 in depth in.
Level-one septic tank A3, two stage digestion pond A4, it is respectively provided at the top of clarifying basin A5 and can rotate the end cap A6 come, End cap A6 can overturn along pond body A1 and open, and a side of end cap A6 is along passing through runner assembly A7(hinge) and pond body A1 between It keeps being flexibly connected, seems very convenient and easy in later maintenance and cleaning.
Level-one septic tank A3, two stage digestion pond A4, clarifying basin A5 bottom be respectively formed be easy to the later period cleaning concavity knot Structure A11, the sediment left in sewage disposal process can accumulate in the corresponding region concave architecture A11, be easy to the later period to it It excludes and rinses.It is respectively arranged on the end cap A6 at the top of level-one septic tank A3, two stage digestion pond A4, clarifying basin A5 and draws mouth clearly A12;Corresponding sediment in concave architecture A11 can be excluded and be rinsed by drawing mouthful A12 clearly.
Level-one septic tank A3, two stage digestion pond A4, aerator A16, aerator are respectively arranged with inside clarifying basin A5 A16 is connect with vertical aeration tube A17, and the aeration general pipeline A18 outside pond body A1 and with outside is stretched out in the upper end of vertical aeration tube A17 again Connection, aeration general pipeline A18 are connected to outer fan.The big of various concentration can be filled in level-one septic tank A3 and two stage digestion pond A4 Natural microorganisms flora, and cooperated by aerator and implemented.
It is provided with water inlet A 8 on level-one septic tank A3, water outlet A 9 is provided on clarifying basin A5, is provided on partition A2 Outlet pass A10.The corresponding end cap downside inclination of level-one septic tank A3 is fixed with deflector A13;The dirt entered from water inlet A 8 Water can prevent from splashing along the deflector A13 fair current of inclination fixation.The inside of level-one septic tank A3 is equipped with filter screen A14, leads to The sewage substance entered from water inlet A 8 can be filtered by crossing filter screen A14.It is corresponding that water inlet A 8 is located at level-one septic tank A3 End cap on, and form entirety with the end cap;Keep water inlet A 8 reasonable compared with structure mutual between corresponding end cap, is also easy to Operation.
Water quantity and quality conditioning tank B, which has, adjusts pond body B1 and end cap B2, water supplement port B3;Water supplement port B3 and external water inlet pipe B4 Connection;The lower end for adjusting pond body B1 is connected to drainpipe B5;The inside for adjusting pond body B1 is provided with multilayer by mesh enclosure and adjusts water The filtrate B6 of matter.When Water usage water quality adjustment pond B adjusts sewage, sewage enters conditioning tank through water supplement port B3 by water inlet pipe B4 It in body B1, flows from top to bottom, Natural regulation is carried out to it by multilayer filtrate B6 in flow process, it is filtered by filter material layer Water, which can be temporarily stored in adjust, carries out natural sedimentation in pond body B1;This mode of operation effect is ideal and high-efficient, at low cost;It is easy to Group is built among middle-size and small-size sewage disposal system.
It is adjusting the inside of pond body B1 and is being equipped with high water level sensor B7, low water level sensor positioned at the lower section of filtrate B6 B8 is equipped with intake pump B9 and draining pump B10, high water level sensor B7, low water level sensing on water inlet pipe B4 and drainpipe B5 Device B8 signal input part corresponding with control equipment (control equipment use existing control cabinet) outside pond body B1 is adjusted respectively Connection, the output end for controlling equipment are connect with intake pump B9 and draining pump B10 respectively.High water level sensor B7, low water level sensing Device B8 is used for the water-holding quantity current to adjusting pond body B1 and is measured in real time, if water level is lower than low water level sensor B8, control Intake pump B9 draws water into adjusting pond body B1, if stopping intake pump B9 to adjusting pond body after water level is higher than high water level sensor B7 It draws water in B1;After a certain period of time, control draining pump B10 discharges water for water sedimentation in adjusting pond body B1.Therefore conditioning tank energy of the present invention Enough automatic water supplements continuity, it can be achieved that pool inner water position works.
Water supplement port B3 is fixed on end cap B2, and forms overall structure with end cap B2;The lower section of water supplement port B3 is equipped with impurity Filter screen B11, impurity filtering net B11 are the lower surfaces for being fixed on end cap B2;If being mixed in the sewage being pumped into through water supplement port B3 miscellaneous Matter can filter out through impurity filtering net B11, facilitate the purification of water quality;And impurity filtering net B11 is fixed under end cap B2 Surface keeps the overall structure of the part end cap B2 more reasonable.
Adjusting pond body B1 is glass steel material, has antisepsis, the conditioning tank is allow to form buried implementation.End cap B2 is active card on adjusting pond body B1;When being cleared up and safeguarded inside to adjusting pond body B1, end cap B2 can integrally be moved It opens.It is also tilted in the lower surface of end cap B2 and is fixed with deflector B12;The sewage entered from the inlet can be led along inclination is fixed Flowing plate fair current prevents from splashing.It adjusts in pond body B1 and is also communicated with aqua input channel B13;Make water can be in precipitation process It sprays bactericidal agent;Booster action is played to the effect of its water quality is improved.
Filtrate B6 is three layers, and upper layer is that density is 2g/cm3Haydite layer, middle layer is that density is 2.6g/cm3Quartz sand Layer, lower layer is that density is 2.6g/cm3Gravel layer.Three-layer filter is in the inclination of 2-5 degree with horizontal direction respectively;Make to enter pond Intracorporal sewage can pass through entire packing layer under gravity flow conditions, without energy consumption, maintain easily.
Hydrolysis acidification reaction tank C has lower fixed pond body C1 and upper mobile pond body C2;The interior lower end of lower fixed pond body C1 Wastewater influent cylinder C5 is protruded into, the inside of lower fixed pond body C1 is equipped with rectification water dispensing board C6, and rectification water dispensing board C6 is equipped with several Distributing hole C9.The upper and lower of rectification water dispensing board C6 is respectively formed hydrolysis acidification reaction zone C7 and water distributing area C8, upper mobile pond body C2 Be internally provided with inclined tube Disengagement zone C10, the top of inclined tube Disengagement zone C10 forms clear water zone, on the inside of upper mobile pond body C2 End has finger-type effluent trough C11, and supernatant is discharged by finger-type effluent trough C11, and finger-type effluent trough C11 is connected to drainpipe C12.
Support C4 is fixed on the outside of lower fixed pond body C1, the lower end of hydraulicefficiency elevation structure C3 is fixed by support C4, liquid The upper end of elevating mechanism C3 is pressed to jack the outer of upper mobile pond body C2.
Upper mobile pond body C2 is integrally located at the inside of lower fixed pond body C1, can be by hydraulicefficiency elevation structure C3 to upper mobile pond Body C2 integral position is suitably adjusted.
Wastewater influent cylinder C5 is protruded into the C8 of water distributing area, and lower fixed pond body C1 has inclined bottom wall C13, wastewater influent cylinder C5 With cross-like water outlet C14 corresponding with bottom wall C13, keep the nozzle of water outlet C14 close and towards the bottom wall of water distributing area. So that the bottom wall of water flow and water distributing area is formed impact and reverse flow, play hydraulic mixing, and can prevent sludge from sinking in water distributing area Product.
The bottom of water distributing area C8 is placed with spoil disposal pipeline C15, and the inner end of spoil disposal pipeline C15 is protruded into lower fixed pond body C1, And backwash interface C16 is provided in the outer end portion of spoil disposal pipeline C15.To prevent sludge aging and deposition excessive, can control Spoil disposal pipeline C15 intermittently starting, discharge part aging sludge can be connected if sludge drainage system blocks by backwash interface C16 Lead to external flushing device to be backwashed.
When hydrolysis acidification reaction tank C is implemented, hydraulicefficiency elevation structure C3 is controlled first by upper mobile pond body C2 integral jacking, dirt Water is pumped by wastewater influent cylinder C5 to the C8 of water distributing area, and water flow is discharged from cross-like water outlet C14, and base sludge is driven to form rotation Mixing ascending current, sewage and mud mixed liquid come into full contact with reaction in uphill process, by rectification water dispensing board C6 until arriving Up to inclined tube Disengagement zone, mud-water separation is carried out in Disengagement zone, supernatant is discharged by finger-type effluent trough, rectifies the lower part water dispensing board C6 Sludge accumulation sink back reaction zone at wadding body.To prevent sludge aging and deposition excessive, controllable spoil disposal pipeline C15 interval is opened It opens, discharge part aging sludge, if sludge drainage system blocks, the flushing device outside backwash interface C16 connection can be passed through It is backwashed.When not carrying out sewage treatment, it can control hydraulicefficiency elevation structure C3 by upper mobile pond body C2 entire lowering under In fixed pond body C1, lower fixed pond body C1 and the overall volume of upper mobile pond body C2 is made to become smaller, convenient for whole management and control System.The advantages that the advantages that present invention has occupied area smaller, and equipment is few, with low investment, operational management is more convenient, is saved dynamic Power, occupied area is small, convenient operation and management.
A/O biochemistry pool D has stainless steel casing D1, have inside stainless steel casing D1 water distributing area D2, anaerobic biological area D3, Aerobic biochemical area D4 and gathering ground D5.The top of water distributing area D2 has wastewater inlet D23, water distributing area D2 and anaerobic biological area D3 Between separated by the first grid D6, separated between anaerobic biological area D3 and aerobic biochemical area D4 by the second grid D7, second The top of grid D7 be the first solid wall D8, between aerobic biochemical area D4 and gathering ground D5 by the second solid wall D9 every It opens, the upper end of the second solid wall D9 forms flowing water area D10;The bottom of anaerobic biological area D3 is provided with aerator D11.A/O Biochemistry pool D can be applied among sewage treatment process, make more to rationalize inside biochemistry pool, can be improved anaerobic biological area D3, The corresponding processing speed of aerobic biochemical area D4, and then promote the efficiency of whole system.
Anaerobic biological area D3 is vertically placed with multiple groups filler unit D12, and the upper and lower end of filler unit D12, which has, to be connected to It is mesh enclosure D14 between fixing end D13 on the inside of stainless steel casing D1, fixing end D13, the inside of mesh enclosure D14 is filling out for multilayer V-arrangement Expect fixture block D15, is covered with filler between filler fixture block D15.Filler densely can be fixed on mesh enclosure by the structure of filler unit D12 It in D14, can prevent filler from loosely falling off, guarantee the efficiency of filler.
Aerator D11 has air inlet pipe D16 and air-out mechanism, and the end of escape pipe D16 has connection end D17; Air-out mechanism has connecting pin D18, connection D19, sprays bar D20, spray head D21 and plug D22;Connecting pin D18 is connected to It connecing on the D17 of end, multiple groups are arranged around the D18 of connecting pin, and connector D19, connector D19 are separately connected one group of ejection bar D20 repeatedly, Spray head D21 is installed in the end for spraying bar D20, and the end of connecting pin D18 is sealed by plug D22.With multiple ejection bar D20 and spray Head D21, allows to quickly complete aeration.
The inner inclination of stainless steel casing D1 is provided with filter screen D24.If being mixed in the sewage being pumped into through wastewater inlet D23 There is impurity, impurity can be filtered out through filter screen, facilitate the processing and purification of water quality.It is arranged in the inner inclination of stainless steel casing D1 There is deflector D25;The sewage entered from the inlet can prevent from splashing along the deflector D25 fair current of inclination fixation;Deflector D25 is located at below filter screen D24, keeps internal structure distribution more reasonable.Wastewater inlet D23 is set by rotating mechanism D26 activity It sets on stainless steel casing D1;When wastewater inlet D23 is integrally opened, the convenient sundries filtered to filter screen D24 carries out clear Reason.
The middle and upper part of gathering ground D5 is provided with effluent pipe mouth D27, and the bottom of gathering ground D5 is provided with sludge pipe D28, spoil disposal The outside of pipe D28 is provided with backwash interface D29;To prevent sludge aging and deposition excessive, controllable sludge pipe D28 interval is opened It opens, discharge part aging sludge, if sludge drainage system blocks, the flushing device outside backwash interface D29 connection can be passed through It is backwashed.In gathering ground, the bottom of D5 is equipped with backwash baffle D30, can prevent from backwashing and cause to the bottom of gathering ground D5 Damage.
MBR membrane biological reaction pond E includes reaction tank outer housing E1, and the oxygen compatibility pool inside reaction tank outer housing E1 The pond E2, MBR E3, sludge storage pool E4;Oxygen compatibility pool E2, MBR pond E3, sludge storage pool E4 are protected with the inside of reaction tank outer housing E1 respectively Hold integrated formed structure.MBR membrane biological reaction pond E is applied in sewage treatment, collects oxygen compatibility pool E2, MBR pond E3, sludge storage pool E4 In integration, can Fast Installation among sewerage, both can guarantee using the pond MBR E3 to activated sludge and larger molecular organics Matter retains and eliminates secondary settling tank again, can be widely applied among the standard emission system of the sewage of high concentration.
Pipeline connection is used between oxygen compatibility pool E2 and MBR pond E3;The upper end of the pond MBR E3 is provided with comet filler E18.MBR The pond upper end E3 is provided with outlet pipeline E5, and the side of the inner tube E16 of outlet pipeline E5 is vertically provided with multiple inlet opening E17;It can add Big drainage rates.The outer end of outlet pipeline E5 is connected to circulating pump E6 after stretching out outside reaction tank outer housing E1;The bottom of oxygen compatibility pool E2 It is connected to sludge storage pool E4 by sludge collecting pipe E7, sludge storage pool E4 precipitates spoil disposal using multibuchet.It is arranged on sludge collecting pipe E7 There is sludge pump E8;The bottom of sludge storage pool E4 is provided with the sludge pipe E9 stretched out outside reaction tank outer housing E1.
Reaction tank outer housing E1 main structure uses the glass steel material with anti-rust and corrosionproperties;Therefore the reaction tank can be made For at buried structure.
Wastewater inlet E10 is installed, the inside of reaction tank outer housing E1 is fixed with inclination at the top of reaction tank outer housing E1 Partition E11, sewage temporary storage cavity E12, the bottom of sewage temporary storage cavity E12 and the top of oxygen compatibility pool E2 are formed at the top of partition E11 Connection;The inner space of reaction tank outer housing E1 is rationally utilized, meets the maximum efficiency to sewage treatment and maximizes.
Reaction tank outer housing E1's is internally provided with filter screen E13, and filter screen E13 inclination is fixed on wastewater inlet E10's The outside of lower section, filter screen E13 forms impurity temporary storage cavity E14;Filter screen E13 can to the sewage being pumped into through wastewater inlet E10 into Row filtering, large particle can be trapped, finally retain in impurity temporary storage cavity E14.
Reaction tank outer housing E1 has the impurity cleaning window E15 that can be opened, and impurity clears up window E15 and corresponds to impurity The side of temporary storage cavity E14;Window E15 can be cleared up by impurity to be purged the impurity particle retained in impurity temporary storage cavity E14.
Sterilization pool F have outer housing F1, sterilization pool support F2, sterilization pool inner cavity F3, disinfection rabbling mechanism F4, cover board F5, Sterilize supporting mechanism support rail F6, disinfection supporting mechanism F7, water inlet F8 and outlet pipe F9.Sterilization pool inner cavity F3 and outer housing F1 it Between form interlayer cavity, thermal insulation medium can be passed through in interlayer cavity;And control valve F12 is installed on outlet pipe F9, by controlling Valve F12 processed controls outlet pipe F9.
Sterilization pool inner cavity F3 is stainless steel inner cavity or glass inner cavity, the inner cavity manufacturing cost of stainless steel or glass material compared with It is low.Sterilization pool inner cavity F3 is fixed on the inside of outer housing F1, and what the two was formed supports entirely through sterilization pool support F2 is fixed.Lid Plate F5 is mounted on the sterilization pool inner cavity upper end F3, and disinfection rabbling mechanism F4 is fixed by cover board F5, and disinfection rabbling mechanism F4 is by electricity The rabbling mechanism that machine drives, motor drive at low cost and easy to maintain when realizing.
It is provided on cover board F5 for sterilizing the stretching of the connecting cylinder IF72 in supporting mechanism F7 and mobile curved channel F10. Disinfection supporting mechanism support rail F6 is integrally in annulus shape and the upper surface location for being fixed on cover board F5, sterilizes supporting mechanism support rail F6 Middle part has opening F6A, and opening F6A left and right side is formed with the roller-coaster chamber F6B being arc-shaped, roller-coaster chamber F6B's Above and below has sliding mouth F6C.
Sterilizing supporting mechanism F7 has idler wheel F71, connecting cylinder IF72, connecting cylinder IIF73, connecting cylinder IIIF74;Idler wheel F71 The outside of connecting cylinder IF72 is connected to by bracket, the idler wheel F71 sterilized in supporting mechanism F7 is placed in cunning by above-mentioned opening F6A It is moved in dynamic chamber F6B;The lower end of connecting cylinder IIIF74, which is connected with, expands connector F75, expands and is connected with lifting on connector F75 Drawstring F76;Connecting cylinder IF72, connecting cylinder IIF73 and connecting cylinder IIIF74 are respectively hollow cylinder, and inside, which is run through, to be had and outside The disinfection hose F77 of sterilizing equipment decontaminating apparatus connection;Expand the antiseptic shower nozzle for being equipped on connector F75 and being connected to disinfection hose F77 F78。
Water inlet F8 protrudes into the inside of sterilization pool inner cavity F3 from the side of outer housing F1;Convenient for water inlet F8 and outer water tube Docking operation.The corresponding position of water inlet F8 is provided with filter screen F11, water inlet F8 can be pumped by filter screen F11 Sewage carries out contaminant filter.
When sterilization pool F is run, sewage to be sterilized is pumped into from water inlet F8 into sterilization pool inner cavity F3, when sewage is extracted into one After quantitative, the external sterilizing equipment decontaminating apparatus of hose F77 is sterilized, the thimerosal in external sterilizing equipment decontaminating apparatus is by disinfection hose F77 and sterilized Liquid spray head F78 is sprayed to sewage, and during thimerosal sprays, operator can pull lifting drawstring F76 up and down manually, Make to promote position of the antiseptic shower nozzle F78 in sewage, contact the upper, middle and lower of sewage can with thimerosal;Behaviour Entire disinfection supporting mechanism F7 can be dragged manually along curved channel F10 by making personnel also, make to sterilize supporting mechanism F7 not at one Position stops, so that antiseptic shower nozzle F78 be allowed in the position in sewage of spray disinfectant to be can guarantee and disappear in moving condition Venom is dispersed in sewage.After thimerosal has sprayed, sewage can suitably be stirred by sterilizing rabbling mechanism F4, be facilitated Sterilizing and purifying.
Aerator G has inlet manifold G1, the escape pipe G2 being connected with inlet manifold G1 and is connected with escape pipe G2 Air-out mechanism G3, the output end of inlet manifold G1 connect with the arrival end of escape pipe G2 by ring flange;It is quickly right to can guarantee Connect realization.The end of escape pipe G2 has rotational connection end head G4, and air-out mechanism G3 mass activity is arranged in rotational connection end head On G4.
The fluid of inlet manifold G1 external blower when operation, formation is sprayed by the Clothoid type ejecting head that Clothoid type sprays boom end Out, it since Clothoid type connector movable buckle is on rotational connection end head, rubs between the two smaller, therefore, when Clothoid type sprays Leaching head itself can also generate the motive force moved backward sprinkling spray liquid, form it into Clothoid type movement, can uniformly, fastly It completes to be aerated fastly, energy consumption is lower in whole process.
The inner wall of end of escape pipe G2 is provided with flow disturbing device G10.Flow disturbing device G10 is sheet, channel-shaped or helical form; It can prevent or reduce bridging problem.The arrival end of escape pipe G2 is internally provided with strainer G11;It can be prevented by strainer and mistake Particulate matter in air filtering.
There is air-out mechanism G3 Clothoid type connector G5, jointing G6, Clothoid type to spray bar G7, Clothoid type ejecting head G8 And plug G9;Clothoid type connector G5 is movable buckle on rotational connection end head G4, is arranged around Clothoid type connector G5 Multiple groups jointing G6, multiple groups jointing G6 are separately connected one group of Clothoid type and spray bar G7, and Clothoid type sprays the end of bar G7 Clothoid type ejecting head G8 is installed, the end of Clothoid type connector G5 is sealed by plug G9.
Chlorine dioxide generator H include aqueous slkali device H1, acid solution device H2, reactor H3, mixer H4, surge tank H5, Chlorine dioxide concentration detection and extraction raffinate processing unit H6 and PLC control equipment H7;Aqueous slkali device H1 and acid solution device H2 difference With bypass filler pipe H17;Aqueous slkali device H1 and acid solution device H2 can be diluted with water by bypassing filler pipe H17.Aqueous slkali Device H1 passes through first pipe H8 with acid solution device H2 respectively and is connected to reactor H3, the pipe of first pipe H8 and second with second pipe H9 The signal input part that meter H10, two Sets of Measurement device H10 and PLC control equipment H7 are separately installed on road H9 is connect;Pass through two Sets of Measurement device H10 efficiently controls it.
Heating device is provided in reactor H3.The output end of reactor H3 is connected to mixer H4 by third pipeline H11, Dispensing mouth H16 is provided on third pipeline H11, can be through dispensing mouth H16 dispensing, the mouth H16 that can also be offerd medicine is diluted with water.
Mixer H4 is connected to surge tank H5 by pipeline again, and surge tank H5 is dense by the 4th pipeline H12 connection chlorine dioxide Chlorine dioxide concentration inspection is provided in degree detection and extraction raffinate processing unit H6, chlorine dioxide concentration detection and extraction raffinate processing unit H6 Instrument H13 is surveyed, surge tank H5 is also circumscribed with efferent duct H14, and output metering pump H15, chlorine dioxide concentration are equipped on efferent duct H14 Detector H13 is connect with the signal input part of PLC control equipment H7, and PLC controls the signal output end and metering pump H15 of equipment H7 Connection.
It is divided into water tank H18 and active carbon filtering device H19 inside chlorine dioxide concentration detection and extraction raffinate processing unit H6, the Four pipeline H12 are protruded into from the front end of water tank H18, and clear water water inlet pipe H20, active carbon filtering device are communicated on the 4th pipeline H12 H19 is connected by being located at the porous water distribution inlet tube H21 of its front end with water tank H18, and the rear end of active carbon filtering device H19 is set There is the porous drain pipe H22 that catchments;Chlorine dioxide concentration detector H13 is located at the bottom of water tank H18.
The principle of chlorine dioxide generator H is: use hydrochloric acid and sodium chlorate for raw material, or use sodium chlorite or hydrochloric acid for Raw material, correspondence form liquid in aqueous slkali device H1, acid solution device H2, are added in reactor in 4: 5 ratios and carry out chemistry instead It answers, generates chlorine dioxide again through that (through dispensing mouth H16 dispensing, can also be diluted with water through dispensing mouth H16) in third pipeline into mixed Clutch is entered after being sufficiently mixed in surge tank H5.Extraction section liquid in surge tank H5 is entered through the 4th pipeline H12 In water tank H18, its concentration is detected by the chlorine dioxide concentration detector H13 positioned at water tank H18, if detectable concentration meets It is required that then by PLC control equipment H7 control metering pump H15 output, if excessive concentration or it is too low when if deployed again.
The chlorine-dioxide residual-liquid in water tank H18 is handled as follows;By clear water water inlet pipe H20 to water tank Middle addition clear water, raffinate and clear water form mixed solution in water tank, to reduce the processing load of back segment activated-carbon device, mixing Solution flows into active carbon filtering device through porous water distribution inlet tube, thickness is adsorbed by dilution and activated-carbon device, so as to drop By-product effective chlorine, chlorition in low raffinate etc. have achieved the purpose that chlorine-dioxide residual-liquid separation and processing, solution After flowing through active carbon filtering device, by the porous drain pipe discharger that catchments, that is, separation, the processing to raffinate are completed, and not Air around device can be polluted.
Chlorine dioxide concentration made of chlorine dioxide generator H is moderate, and whole process efficiency is higher, and adding concentration can With intelligentized control method, better than domestic similar product;And to the separation of raffinate, processing, and will not be to the air around device It pollutes.
Waste gas purification apparatus I includes spraying box I1, communicating pipe I2, purifying box I3, pedestal I4;Spraying box I1 and purifying box I3 It is separately fixed on pedestal I4, spraying box I1 is connected to purifying box I3 by communicating pipe I2.The top of purifying box I3 is after purifying Gas outlet pipe I10.It is provided with aqueous vapor dry component I15 in gas outlet pipe I10, makes the gas moisture-free of discharge.
Waste gas purification apparatus I can be provided with heating wire I11 in outer tube I7;Be arranged heating wire purpose be can with calcination and Exhaust gas is heated, is first degraded in advance to the heat-sensitive materials in exhaust gas, is conducive to subsequent spray and neutralizes absorption.Waste gas purification apparatus I Also there is spray liquid collecting box I12, by spray liquid collecting box I12 convenient for collecting spray liquid from top to bottom, spray liquid is collected Case I12 is the intracavity bottom for being movably arranged on spraying box I1, and can pull out and along pedestal I4, therefore is convenient for practical operation.It is useless When being handled, exhaust gas enters in spraying box I1 air purifying apparatus I from outer tube I7, rises naturally, technical solution of the present invention Using first carrying out spray operation to exhaust gas, then processing is filtered to exhaust gas, and this two parts is to be separated and independently performed , that is, ensure that the rate and efficiency to waste gas purification processing.
Purifying box I3's is internally provided with sink I13, is equipped with heating device in sink I13, heating device makes the water of sink Boiling makes that high-temperature process can be carried out to the gas after spray full of high-temperature water vapor in purifying box I3.
The waste gas purification apparatus further includes exhaust gas access mechanism I5 and spraying mechanism I6.The inner termination of exhaust gas access mechanism I5 With multiple tracks air dispelling hole I14, exhaust gas can be made slowly uniformly to scatter;The exhaust gas inner end access mechanism I5 is located at the interior subordinate of spraying box I1 The outer tube I7 of side, exhaust gas access mechanism I5 stretches out spraying box I1, and spraying mechanism I6 is located at the inner upper of spraying box I1, purifying box Active carbon layer I8 and taste removal oxidant layer I9, active carbon layer I8 and taste removal oxidant layer I9, which is distributed with, in the inside of I3 has certain gradient;Its Advantage is to form vertical parallax by gradient, promotes the shifting certainly of exhaust gas in space by vertical parallax, can greatly be promoted Filter efficiency and energy saving.
Spraying box I1 forms down big up small cone-shaped;Cone-shaped spraying box I1 is convenient for applying the exhaust gas being gradually increasing Effect increases the contact surface with spray liquid, improves purification efficiency convenient for drawing close to spraying mechanism aggregation.
Although the various embodiments described above are described, once a person skilled in the art knows basic wounds The property made concept, then additional changes and modifications can be made to these embodiments, so the above is only the embodiment of the present invention, not Therefore scope of patent protection of the invention is limited, it is all to utilize equivalent structure made by description of the invention and accompanying drawing content or wait Process transformation is imitated, being applied directly or indirectly in other relevant technical fields, similarly includes in patent protection of the invention Within the scope of.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, it is characterised in that: in grid septic tank (A) Sludge is discharged into septic tank and periodically aspirates outward transport disposition by fecal suction truck;Sewage enters in grid septic tank (A) via water inlet (A8) It is handled, sewage enters in water quantity and quality conditioning tank (B) via water outlet (A9), water inlet pipe (B4) to be handled, sewage warp Entered in hydrolysis acidification reaction tank (C) by draining pump (B10), wastewater influent cylinder (C5) and handled, sewage is via drainpipe (C12), sewage inlet (D23) enter A/O biochemistry pool (D) in handled, sewage via effluent pipe mouth (D27), sewage into Mouth (E10), which enters in MBR membrane biological reaction pond (E), to be handled, and sewage enters via outlet pipeline (E5), water inlet (F8) to disappear It is handled, is finally terminated via outlet pipe (F9) discharge purification, qualified discharge in malicious pond (F);Aerator (G) is raw for A/O Change pond (D) and MBR membrane biological reaction pond (E) provides Air Exposure;Chlorine dioxide generator (H) is that sterilization pool (F) provides dioxy Change chlorine;The exhaust gas generated in hydrolysis acidification reaction tank (C) is collected by the road is delivered to waste gas purification apparatus (I) processing, after up to standard High altitude discharge;
The grid septic tank (A) has pond body (A1), and pond body (A1) is internal to be divided into level-one septic tank by two groups of partitions (A2) (A3), three two stage digestion pond (A4), clarifying basin (A5) cavitys;Level-one septic tank (A3), two stage digestion pond (A4), clarifying basin (A5) end cap (A6) come can be rotated by being respectively provided at the top of, a side of end cap (A6) along by runner assembly (A7) with It keeps being flexibly connected between pond body (A1), is provided with water inlet (A8) on level-one septic tank (A3), is provided on clarifying basin (A5) Water outlet (A9) is provided with outlet pass (A10) on partition (A2);
There is the water quantity and quality conditioning tank (B) adjusting pond body (B1) and end cap (B2), the conditioning tank also to have water supplement port (B3), Water supplement port (B3) is connected to external water inlet pipe (B4);The lower end for adjusting pond body (B1) is connected to drainpipe (B5);Adjust pond body (B1) inside is provided with the filtrate (B6) of multilayer regulating water quality by mesh enclosure;It is adjusting the inside of pond body (B1) and is being located at filtrate (B6) lower section is equipped with high water level sensor (B7) and low water level sensor (B8), pacifies on water inlet pipe (B4) and drainpipe (B5) Equipped with intake pump (B9) and draining pump (B10), high water level sensor (B7) and low water level sensor (B8) respectively with adjust pond body (B1) external control device signal input terminal connection, control the output end of equipment respectively with intake pump (B9) and draining pump (B10) it connects;
The hydrolysis acidification reaction tank (C) has lower fixed pond body (C1) and upper mobile pond body (C2);Upper mobile pond body (C2) is whole Body is located at the inside of lower fixed pond body (C1), is adjusted by hydraulicefficiency elevation structure (C3);The inside of lower fixed pond body (C1) Lower end has been protruded into wastewater influent cylinder (C5), and the inside of lower fixed pond body (C1) is equipped with rectification water dispensing board (C6), rectifies water dispensing board (C6) upper and lower is respectively formed hydrolysis acidification reaction zone (C7) and water distributing area (C8), the inside setting of upper mobile pond body (C2) Have inclined tube Disengagement zone (C10), the top of inclined tube Disengagement zone (C10) forms clear water zone, the inner upper end tool of upper mobile pond body (C2) There is finger-type effluent trough (C11), supernatant is discharged by finger-type effluent trough, and finger-type effluent trough (C11) is connected to drainpipe (C12);
The A/O biochemistry pool (D) has stainless steel casing (D1), has water distributing area (D2), anaerobism inside stainless steel casing (D1) Biochemical zone (D3), aerobic biochemical area (D4) and gathering ground (D5);Pass through first between water distributing area (D2) and anaerobic biological area (D3) Grid (D6) separates, and is separated between anaerobic biological area (D3) and aerobic biochemical area (D4) by the second grid (D7), the second grid (D7) top is the first solid wall (D8), passes through the second solid wall between aerobic biochemical area (D4) and gathering ground (D5) (D9) it separates, the upper end of the second solid wall (D9) forms flowing water area (D10);The bottom in anaerobic biological area (D3) is provided with aeration Device (D11);Anaerobic biological area (D3) is vertically placed with multiple groups filler unit (D12), the upper and lower end tool of filler unit (D12) There is the fixing end (D13) being connected on the inside of stainless steel casing (D1), is mesh enclosure (D14), mesh enclosure (D14) between fixing end (D13) Inside be multilayer V-arrangement filler fixture block (D15), be covered with filler between filler fixture block (D15);Aerator (D11) have into The end of tracheae (D16) and air-out mechanism, escape pipe (D16) has connection end (D17);Air-out mechanism has connecting pin (D18), connector (D19), ejection bar (D20), spray head (D21) and plug (D22);(D18) is connected to connecting pin for connecting pin On head (D17), connector (D19), connector (D19) are separately connected one group of ejection bar to setting multiple groups repeatedly around connecting pin (D18) (D20), spray head (D21) is installed in the end for spraying bar (D20), and the end of connecting pin (D18) is sealed by plug (D22);
MBR membrane biological reaction pond (E) includes reaction tank outer housing (E1), and is located at the inside reaction tank outer housing (E1) Oxygen compatibility pool (E2), the pond MBR (E3) and sludge storage pool (E4);Oxygen compatibility pool (E2), the pond MBR (E3), sludge storage pool (E4) are respectively and instead The inside of pond outer housing (E1) is answered to keep integrated formed structure;Pipeline connection is used between oxygen compatibility pool (E2) and the pond MBR (E3); The upper end the pond MBR (E3) is provided with outlet pipeline (E5), and the outer end of outlet pipeline (E5) connects after stretching out reaction tank outer housing (E1) outside Logical circulating pump (E6);The bottom of oxygen compatibility pool (E2) passes through sludge collecting pipe (E7) connection sludge storage pool (E4), sludge collecting pipe (E7) sludge pump (E8) is provided on;The bottom of sludge storage pool (E4), which is provided with, stretches out the sludge pipe of reaction tank outer housing (E1) outside (E9);It is equipped at the top of reaction tank outer housing (E1) wastewater inlet (E10), the inside of reaction tank outer housing (E1), which is fixed with, inclines Sewage temporary storage cavity (E12) is formed at the top of oblique partition (E11), partition (E11), the bottom of sewage temporary storage cavity (E12) and and oxygen The top in pond (E2) is connected to;Reaction tank outer housing (E1) is internally provided with filter screen (E13), and filter screen (E13) inclination is fixed In the lower section of wastewater inlet (E10), the outside of filter screen (E13) forms impurity temporary storage cavity (E14);
The sterilization pool (F) has outer housing (F1), sterilization pool support (F2), sterilization pool inner cavity (F3), disinfection rabbling mechanism (F4), cover board (F5), disinfection supporting mechanism support rail (F6), disinfection supporting mechanism (F7), water inlet (F8) and outlet pipe (F9);Disappear Malicious pond inner cavity (F3) is fixed on the inside of outer housing (F1), and what the two was formed supports entirely through sterilization pool support (F2) is fixed; Cover board (F5) is mounted on the upper end sterilization pool inner cavity (F3), and disinfection rabbling mechanism (F4) is fixed by cover board (F5);Sterilize support machine Structure support rail (F6) is integrally in annulus shape and the upper surface location for being fixed on cover board (F5), disinfection supporting mechanism support rail (F6) middle part With opening (F6A), (F6A) left and right side that is open is formed with the roller-coaster chamber (F6B) being arc-shaped, roller-coaster chamber (F6B) above and below has sliding mouth (F6C);Supporting mechanism (F7) is sterilized with idler wheel (F71), connecting cylinder I(F72), connection Cylinder II(F73), connecting cylinder III(F74);Idler wheel (F71) is connected to connecting cylinder I(F72 by bracket) outside, sterilize support machine Idler wheel (F71) in structure (F7) is placed in movement in sliding cavity (F6B) by above-mentioned opening (F6A);Connecting cylinder III(F74) under End, which is connected with, expands connector (F75), expands and is connected with lifting drawstring (F76) on connector (F75);Connecting cylinder I(F72), even Connect cylinder II(F73) and connecting cylinder III(F74) it is respectively hollow cylinder, inside is run through to have to disappear with what external disinfection equipment was connected to Malicious hose (F77);Expand the antiseptic shower nozzle (F78) for being equipped on connector (F75) and being connected to disinfection hose (F77);Cover board (F5) it is provided on for sterilizing the connecting cylinder I(F72 in supporting mechanism (F7)) it stretches out and mobile curved channel (F10);
The escape pipe (G2) and and outlet that the aerator (G) has inlet manifold (G1), is connected with inlet manifold (G1) (G2) connected air-out mechanism (G3) is managed, the end of escape pipe (G2) has rotational connection end head (G4), and air-out mechanism (G3) is whole Body is movably arranged on rotational connection end head (G4);Air-out mechanism (G3) have Clothoid type connector (G5), jointing (G6), Clothoid type sprays bar (G7), Clothoid type ejecting head (G8) and plug (G9);Clothoid type connector (G5) movable buckle is rotating On connection end (G4), multiple groups jointing (G6) is set around Clothoid type connector (G5), multiple groups jointing (G6) is respectively It connects one group of Clothoid type and sprays bar (G7), Clothoid type ejecting head (G8) is installed in the end that Clothoid type sprays bar (G7), and Clothoid type connects The end of fitting (G5) is sealed by plug (G9);
The chlorine dioxide generator (H) include aqueous slkali device (H1), acid solution device (H2), reactor (H3), mixer (H4), Surge tank (H5), chlorine dioxide concentration detection and extraction raffinate processing unit (H6) and PLC control equipment (H7);Aqueous slkali device (H1) Be connected to reactor (H3) by first pipe (H8) with second pipe (H9) respectively with acid solution device (H2), reactor (H3) it is defeated Outlet is connected to surge tank (H5) by pipeline again by third pipeline (H11) connection mixer (H4), mixer (H4), surge tank (H5) chlorine dioxide concentration detection and extraction raffinate processing unit (H6), chlorine dioxide concentration detection are connected to by the 4th pipeline (H12) And be provided with chlorine dioxide concentration detector (H13) in extraction raffinate processing unit (H6), surge tank (H5) is also circumscribed with efferent duct (H14), output metering pump (H15) is installed, chlorine dioxide concentration detector (H13) and PLC control equipment on efferent duct (H14) (H7) signal input part connection, the signal output end of PLC control equipment (H7) are connect with metering pump (H15);Chlorine dioxide is dense It is divided into water tank (H18) and active carbon filtering device (H19), the 4th pipeline (H12) inside degree detection and extraction raffinate processing unit (H6) It is protruded into from the front end of water tank (H18), is communicated with clear water water inlet pipe (H20), active carbon filtering device on the 4th pipeline (H12) (H19) it is connected by being located at the porous water distribution inlet tube (H21) of its front end with water tank (H18), active carbon filtering device (H19) Rear end be equipped with the porous drain pipe that catchments (H22);Chlorine dioxide concentration detector (H13) is located at the bottom of water tank (H18);
The waste gas purification apparatus (I) includes spraying box (I1), communicating pipe (I2), purifying box (I3) and pedestal (I4);Spraying box (I1) it is separately fixed on pedestal (I4) with purifying box (I3), spraying box (I1) and purifying box (I3) are connected by communicating pipe (I2) It is logical;Active carbon layer (I8) and taste removal oxidant layer (I9) is distributed in the inside of purifying box (I3), and the top of purifying box (I3) is after purifying Gas outlet pipe (I10);Purifying box (I3) is internally provided with sink (I13), and heating device, heating are equipped in sink (I13) Device makes the water boiling of sink, makes in purifying box (I3) full of high-temperature water vapor;The waste gas purification apparatus further includes that exhaust gas enters Mechanism (I5) and spraying mechanism (I6);The exhaust gas access mechanism inner end (I5) is located at the lower inside of spraying box (I1), and exhaust gas enters The outer tube (I7) of mechanism (I5) stretches out in spraying box (I1), and spraying mechanism (I6) is located at the inner upper of spraying box (I1).
2. the sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system according to claim 1 for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, it is characterised in that: into The mouth of a river (A8) is located on the corresponding end cap of level-one septic tank (A3), and forms entirety with the end cap;Level-one septic tank (A3), second level Septic tank (A4), clarifying basin (A5) bottom be respectively formed be easy to the later period cleaning concave architecture (A11);Level-one septic tank (A3), it is respectively arranged on the end cap (A6) at the top of two stage digestion pond (A4), clarifying basin (A5) and draws mouth (A12) clearly;Level-one is rotten Change pond (A3) corresponding end cap downside inclination and is fixed with deflector (A13);The inside of level-one septic tank (A3) is equipped with filtering Net (A14);Buried marking plate (A15) is fixed on the outside of pond body (A1);Level-one septic tank (A3), two stage digestion pond (A4), clear It is respectively arranged with aerator (A16) inside clear pond (A5), aerator (A16) is connect with vertical aeration tube (A17), vertical to expose The upper end of tracheae (A17) is stretched out pond body (A1) outside again and is connected to external aeration general pipeline (A18), is aerated general pipeline (A18) and outer The connection of portion's blower.
3. the sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system according to claim 1 for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, it is characterised in that: filter Expect that (B6) is three layers, is respectively in the inclination of 2-5 degree with horizontal direction;Water supplement port (B3) is fixed on end cap (B2), and and end cap (B2) overall structure is formed, the lower section of water supplement port (B3) is equipped with impurity filtering net (B11), and impurity filtering net (B11) is to be fixed on The lower surface of end cap (B2);It is also tilted in the lower surface of end cap (B2) and is fixed with deflector (B12);For three-layer filter, upper layer It is 2g/cm for density3Haydite layer, middle layer is that density is 2.6g/cm3Quartz sand layer, lower layer is that density is 2.6g/cm3's Gravel layer;End cap (B2) is active card on adjusting pond body (B1);Adjusting pond body (B1) is glass steel material;It adjusts pond body (B1) In be also communicated with aqua input channel (B13).
4. the sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system according to claim 1 for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, it is characterised in that: under It is fixed with support (C4) on the outside of fixed pond body (C1), the lower end of hydraulicefficiency elevation structure (C3) is fixed by support (C4), hydraulic The upper end of elevating mechanism (C3) jacks the outer of upper mobile pond body (C2);Wastewater influent cylinder (C5) protrudes into water distributing area (C8), Lower fixed pond body (C1) has inclined bottom wall (C13), and wastewater influent cylinder (C5) has cross-like corresponding with bottom wall (C13) Water outlet (C14) keeps the nozzle of water outlet (C14) close and towards the bottom wall of water distributing area (C8);It arranges the bottom of water distributing area (C8) It is furnished with spoil disposal pipeline (C15), the inner end of spoil disposal pipeline (C15) is protruded into lower fixed pond body (C1), and in spoil disposal pipeline (C15) Backwash interface (C16) is provided in outer end portion;It rectifies water dispensing board (C6) and is equipped with several distributing holes (C9).
5. the sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system according to claim 1 for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, it is characterised in that: match The top in pool (D2) has wastewater inlet (D23);The inner inclination of stainless steel casing (D1) is provided with filter screen (D24);No The inner inclination of rust outer steel shell (D1) is provided with deflector (D25);Deflector (D25) is located at below filter screen (D24);Sewage into Mouth (D23) is movably arranged on stainless steel casing (D1) by rotating mechanism (D26);The middle and upper part of gathering ground (D5) is provided with Effluent pipe mouth (D27), the bottom of gathering ground (D5) are provided with sludge pipe (D28) and backwash baffle (D30), sludge pipe (D28) Outside be provided with backwash interface (D29).
6. the sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system according to claim 1 for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, it is characterised in that: anti- Answer pond outer housing (E1) that there is impurity cleaning window (E15) that can be opened, it is temporary corresponding to impurity that impurity clears up window (E15) The side of chamber (E14);Reaction tank outer housing (E1) main structure uses the glass steel material with anti-rust and corrosionproperties;Sludge storage Pond (E4) spoil disposal is precipitated using multibuchet;The upper end in the pond MBR (E3) is provided with comet filler (E18);The inner tube of outlet pipeline (E5) (E16) side is vertically provided with multiple inlet openings (E17).
7. the sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system according to claim 1 for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, it is characterised in that: into The inside of sterilization pool inner cavity (F3) is protruded at the mouth of a river (F8) from the side of outer housing (F1);It is provided in the corresponding position of water inlet (F8) Filter screen (F11);Sterilization pool inner cavity (F3) is stainless steel inner cavity or glass inner cavity;Disinfection rabbling mechanism (F4) is to be driven by a motor Rabbling mechanism;Interlayer cavity is formed between sterilization pool inner cavity (F3) and outer housing (F1);And it is installed on outlet pipe (F9) There is control valve (F12).
8. the sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system according to claim 1 for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, it is characterised in that: into The output end of gas general pipeline (G1) is connect with the arrival end of escape pipe (G2) by ring flange;It is set inside the arrival end of escape pipe (G2) It is equipped with strainer (G11);The inner wall of end of escape pipe (G2) is provided with flow disturbing device (G10);Flow disturbing device (G10) be sheet, Channel-shaped or helical form.
9. the sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system according to claim 1 for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, it is characterised in that: the Dispensing mouth (H16) is provided on three pipelines (H11);Meter is separately installed on first pipe (H8) and second pipe (H9) (H10), two Sets of Measurement devices (H10) are connect with the signal input part of PLC control equipment (H7);Heating is provided in reactor (H3) Device;Aqueous slkali device (H1) and acid solution device (H2) are respectively provided with bypass filler pipe (H17).
10. the sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system according to claim 1 for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, it is characterised in that: Also there is spray liquid collecting box (I12), spray liquid collecting box (I12) is movably arranged on the intracavity bottom of spraying box (I1), and energy It pulls out to come along pedestal (I4);Spraying box (I1) forms down big up small cone-shaped;Active carbon layer (I8) and taste removal oxidant layer (I9) there is certain gradient;Heating wire (I11) is provided in outer tube (I7);The inner termination of exhaust gas access mechanism (I5) has Multiple tracks air dispelling hole (I14), can make exhaust gas slowly uniformly scatter;Aqueous vapor dry component is provided in gas outlet pipe (I10) (I15).
CN201811297667.7A 2018-11-02 2018-11-02 A kind of sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering Active CN109293157B (en)

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CN201811297667.7A CN109293157B (en) 2018-11-02 2018-11-02 A kind of sewage exhaust gas purifying treatment system for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering

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CN113307444A (en) * 2021-04-26 2021-08-27 浙江德欧化工制造有限公司 Disperse blue 2BLN production nitrification wastewater treatment device
CN114690818A (en) * 2021-10-12 2022-07-01 安徽科凌沃特水处理技术有限公司 Integrated chlorine dioxide generator suitable for small tap water plants in mountainous and remote areas

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CN114690818B (en) * 2021-10-12 2023-03-28 安徽科凌沃特水处理技术有限公司 Integrated chlorine dioxide generator suitable for small tap water plants in mountainous and remote areas

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