CN109216868B - Antenna assembly and electronic equipment - Google Patents

Antenna assembly and electronic equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109216868B
CN109216868B CN201810998315.8A CN201810998315A CN109216868B CN 109216868 B CN109216868 B CN 109216868B CN 201810998315 A CN201810998315 A CN 201810998315A CN 109216868 B CN109216868 B CN 109216868B
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China
Prior art keywords
area
radiator
shell
electronic device
display
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CN109216868A (en
Inventor
赵宁
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Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
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Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
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Priority to CN201810998315.8A priority Critical patent/CN109216868B/en
Publication of CN109216868A publication Critical patent/CN109216868A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/1207Supports; Mounting means for fastening a rigid aerial element
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/24Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set
    • H01Q1/241Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM
    • H01Q1/242Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use
    • H01Q1/243Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use with built-in antennas
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/36Structural form of radiating elements, e.g. cone, spiral, umbrella; Particular materials used therewith
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers
    • H04M1/02Constructional features of telephone sets

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Signal Processing (AREA)
  • Computer Networks & Wireless Communication (AREA)
  • Support Of Aerials (AREA)
  • Telephone Set Structure (AREA)

Abstract

The embodiment of the application provides an antenna assembly and electronic equipment, the electronic equipment comprises the antenna assembly and a circuit board, the antenna assembly comprises a first shell, a second shell and a rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is provided with a top surface, a bottom surface and a side surface, the side surface is located between the top surface and the bottom surface, the side surface comprises a first area, a second area, a third area and a fourth area, the first area, the second area, the third area and the fourth area respectively extend to the bottom surface from the top surface along the rotating shaft, the first area is connected between the second area and the fourth area, the third area is connected between the second area and the fourth area, and the second area is provided with one or more radiating bodies; the first shell is connected with the first area; the second shell is connected with the third area, and the first shell and the second shell can rotate relative to the rotating shaft; the circuit board is provided with a plurality of signal sources, and each signal source is electrically connected with a radiator. The embodiment of the application can meet the requirement of multi-antenna design of the electronic equipment.

Description

Antenna assembly and electronic equipment
Technical Field
The present application relates to the field of communications technologies, and in particular, to an antenna assembly and an electronic device.
Background
With the development of electronic technology, electronic devices such as smart phones play an increasingly important role in the life of people. The user can communicate through the electronic equipment, and the electronic equipment can transmit uplink signals to the outside and receive downlink signals from the outside through the antenna, so that data interaction with a base station or other electronic equipment can be realized.
With the communication requirements of electronic devices and the diversification of supportable communication frequency bands, the design of multiple antennas on electronic devices becomes difficult.
Disclosure of Invention
The embodiment of the application provides an antenna assembly and electronic equipment, and the requirement of multi-antenna design of the electronic equipment can be met.
An embodiment of the present application provides an antenna assembly, includes:
the rotating shaft is provided with a top surface, a bottom surface and a side surface, the side surface is positioned between the top surface and the bottom surface, the side surface comprises a first area, a second area, a third area and a fourth area, the first area, the second area, the third area and the fourth area respectively extend to the bottom surface from the top surface along the rotating shaft, the first area is connected between the second area and the fourth area, the third area is connected between the second area and the fourth area, and the second area is provided with one or more radiating bodies;
a first housing connected to the first region; and
a second housing coupled to the third region, the first housing and the second housing being rotatable relative to the shaft.
An embodiment of the present application provides an electronic device, including:
an antenna assembly, the antenna assembly as described above; and
the circuit board is provided with a plurality of signal sources, and each signal source is electrically connected with one of the radiating bodies.
According to the antenna assembly and the electronic device, the plurality of radiating bodies can be arranged at different positions of the electronic device, and the radiating bodies can be arranged on the first shell, the second shell and the rotating shaft, so that the requirement of multi-antenna design of the electronic device can be met.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below. It is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the application, and that for a person skilled in the art, other drawings can be derived from them without inventive effort.
Fig. 1 is a first structural schematic diagram of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 2 is a second schematic structural diagram of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 3 is a third structural schematic diagram of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 4 is a fourth schematic structural diagram of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 5 is a schematic perspective view of the rotating shaft shown in fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is a top view of the spindle shown in fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is a fifth structural schematic diagram of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 8 is a schematic perspective view of the rotating shaft shown in fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of another rotating shaft according to an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of another rotating shaft according to an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of another rotating shaft according to an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 12 is a block diagram of an electronic device provided in an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 13 is a sixth schematic structural diagram of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 14 is a first structural schematic diagram of an antenna assembly provided in an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 15 is a second structural schematic diagram of an antenna assembly provided in an embodiment of the present application.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present application. It is to be understood that the embodiments described are only a few embodiments of the present application and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.
In the description of the present application, the terms "first", "second" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implying any number of technical features indicated. Thus, features defined as "first", "second", may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of the described features.
In the description of the present application, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the term "connected" is to be interpreted broadly, e.g. as a fixed connection, a detachable connection, or an integral connection; may be mechanically connected, may be electrically connected or may be in communication with each other; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present application can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate.
The embodiment of the application provides an antenna assembly and electronic equipment. The antenna assembly may be disposed on an electronic device. The electronic device may be a smart phone, a tablet computer, a notebook computer, a desktop computing device, a game device, an AR (Augmented Reality) device, an automobile, a data storage device, an audio playing device, a video playing device, or the like.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, fig. 1 is a first structural schematic diagram of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present disclosure, fig. 2 is a second structural schematic diagram of the electronic device according to the embodiment of the present disclosure, fig. 3 is a third structural schematic diagram of the electronic device according to the embodiment of the present disclosure, and fig. 4 is a fourth structural schematic diagram of the electronic device according to the embodiment of the present disclosure. Fig. 1 may be a front view of the electronic device, fig. 2 may be a rear view of the electronic device, and the planes shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2 are opposite. Fig. 3 and 4 are front views of the electronic device, respectively.
The electronic device 10 includes a first housing 100, a second housing 200, a hinge 300, a first display 400, a circuit board 500, a battery 600, and a plurality of radiators 700. The first case 100 and the second case 200 are connected by the rotating shaft 300, the circuit board 500 and the battery 600 may be disposed on the first case 100, the circuit board 500 and the battery 600 may also be disposed on the second case 200, the first display screen 400 may be disposed on the first case 100, the second case 200 and the rotating shaft 300, the plurality of radiators 700 may be disposed on the first case 100 and the rotating shaft 300, the plurality of radiators 700 may be disposed on the second case 200 and the rotating shaft 300, and the plurality of radiators 700 may be disposed on the first case 100, the second case 200 and the rotating shaft 300.
The electronic device 10 may include a first case 100, a second case 200, a hinge 300, a first display 400, a circuit board 500, a battery 600, and a plurality of radiators 700. The first case 100 and the second case 200 are connected by the hinge 300, the circuit board 500 and the battery 600 may be disposed on the first case 100, the circuit board 500 and the battery 600 may also be disposed on the second case 200, the first display 400 may be disposed on the first case 100, the second case 200, and the hinge 300, and the plurality of radiators 700 may be disposed on the first case 100 and the second case 200.
The first casing 100 may include a metal plate, a plastic plate, or a combination of metal and plastic injection molding. The first casing 100 may receive or carry components of the electronic device 10, such as the first display screen 400, the circuit board 500, and the battery 600. Among them, the first housing 100 may be a regular shape such as a rectangle, a rounded rectangle, a parallelogram, etc. The first housing 100 may also be irregularly shaped.
The first housing 100 may have a first end, a second end, a third end and a fourth end, which are connected in sequence, wherein the first end and the third end are arranged oppositely, the second end and the fourth end are arranged oppositely, the second end is connected between the first end and the third end, and the fourth end is connected between the first end and the third end. The first housing 100 may be connected to the rotation shaft 300 through the fourth end portion.
The first end portion, the second end portion, the third end portion and the fourth end portion can be in a long strip shape, an arc shape, a wave shape and other structures. The first end portion, the second end portion, the third end portion and the fourth end portion may have the same shape, or may be different from each other, or some of the end portions may have the same shape, for example, the first end portion and the third end portion are both in a long strip shape. The first end portion, the second end portion, the third end portion and the fourth end portion may be equal in size or unequal in size, or two or three of them may be equal, for example, the length of the first end portion is equal to the length of the third end portion.
It should be noted that the structure of the first casing 100 is not limited to this, for example, the first casing 100 has three sequentially connected end portions, and for example, the first casing 100 has five sequentially connected end portions, and it is understood that the end portions of the first casing 100 are not limited to this.
In some embodiments, the first housing 100 is connected to the rotation shaft 300, the first housing 100 may be connected to the rotation shaft through the fourth end, and the first housing 100 and the rotation shaft 300 may rotate with each other. The first housing 100 and the rotation shaft 300 may be connected by a pin, and the first housing 100 and the rotation shaft 300 may also be connected by a hinge. It should be noted that the first housing 100 and the rotating shaft 300 may be connected in other rotatable manners.
In some embodiments, a plurality of radiators 700 may be disposed on the first casing 100, for example, a plurality of radiators 700 may be disposed on the periphery of the first casing 100.
The second housing 200 may include a metal plate, a plastic plate, or a combination of metal and plastic injection molding. The second housing 200 may house or carry components of the electronic device 10, such as the first display 400, the circuit board 500, and the battery 600. Wherein the second housing 200 may be a regular shape such as a rectangle, a rounded rectangle, a parallelogram, etc. The second housing 200 may also be irregularly shaped.
Wherein, the second housing 200 may have a fifth end portion, a sixth end portion, a seventh end portion and an eighth end portion connected in sequence, the fifth end portion and the seventh end portion are oppositely disposed, the sixth end portion and the eighth end portion are oppositely disposed, the sixth end portion is connected between the fifth end portion and the seventh end portion, and the eighth end portion is connected between the fifth end portion and the seventh end portion. In some embodiments, the second housing 200 may be connected to the rotation shaft 300 through an eighth end, and the sixth end may be distant from the rotation shaft 300.
The fifth end, the sixth end, the seventh end and the eighth end can be in the shape of a long strip, an arc, a wave and the like. The fifth end portion, the sixth end portion, the seventh end portion and the eighth end portion may have the same shape, or may have different shapes, or may have the same shape for a part of the end portions, for example, the fifth end portion and the seventh end portion are both long strip-shaped structures. The sizes of the fifth end portion, the sixth end portion, the seventh end portion and the eighth end portion may be equal or unequal, or two or three of them may be equal, for example, the length of the fifth end portion is equal to the length of the seventh end portion.
It should be noted that the structure of the second housing 200 is not limited to this, for example, the second housing 200 has three sequentially connected end portions, and for example, the second housing 200 has five sequentially connected end portions, and it is understood that the end portions of the second housing 200 are not limited to this.
In some embodiments, the second housing 200 is connected to the rotation shaft 300, and the second housing 200 and the rotation shaft 300 may rotate with each other. The second housing 200 and the rotation shaft 300 may be connected by a pin, and the second housing 200 and the rotation shaft 300 may also be connected by a hinge. It should be noted that the second housing 200 and the rotating shaft 300 may be connected in other rotatable manners.
It should be noted that the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 may be formed in different states during the rotation process around the rotation shaft 300. Such as: as shown in fig. 1 and 2, the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 form an open state, in which the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 are arranged side by side with no overlap between the first casing 100 and the second casing 200, and the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 are respectively positioned at both sides of the rotation shaft 300.
For another example: as shown in fig. 3 and 4, the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 are formed in a folded state in which the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 are stacked together, and the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 are overlapped with each other. It should be noted that the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 may completely overlap, and the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 may partially overlap. For example, the first end portion and the fifth end portion may overlap, the second end portion and the sixth end portion may overlap, the third end portion and the seventh end portion may overlap, and the fourth end portion and the eighth end portion may overlap. Note that each end of the first housing 100 and each end of the second housing 200 may not overlap.
The shapes of the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 may be the same, for example, the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 are both rectangular parallelepiped structures. The shapes of the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 may be different. The first housing 100 and the second housing 200 may be the same in size or different in size. The size of the first casing 100 may be set larger than that of the second casing 200, and the size of the first casing 100 may also be set smaller than that of the second casing 200.
In some embodiments, a plurality of radiators 700 may be disposed on the second housing 200, for example, a plurality of radiators 700 may be disposed on the periphery of the second housing 200.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, fig. 5 is a schematic perspective view of the rotating shaft shown in fig. 1, and fig. 6 is a top view of the rotating shaft shown in fig. 5. The rotation shaft 300 is coupled between the first housing 100 and the second housing 200. The shaft 300 may be made of a metal material, and the shaft 300 may also be made of a plastic material. The rotating shaft 300 may be a cylinder structure, and the rotating shaft 300 may also be other structures. The hinge 300 includes a top surface 310, a bottom surface 320, and a side surface 330. Wherein the top surface 310 may be located at one end of the rotation shaft 300, the bottom surface 320 may be located at the other end of the rotation shaft 300, and the side surface 330 may be located between the top surface 310 and the bottom surface 320.
The side 330 may include a first area 331, a second area 332, a third area 333, and a fourth area 334, wherein the first area 331, the second area 332, the third area 333, and the fourth area 334 respectively extend from the top 310 to the ground 320 along the rotation axis 300. The first region 331 and the third region 333 may be oppositely disposed, the second region 332 and the fourth region 334 may be oppositely disposed, the first region 331 may be connected between the second region 332 and the fourth region 334, and the third region 333 may be connected between the second region 332 and the fourth region 334.
Here, the first casing 100 may be connected to the first region 331, and the second casing 200 may be connected to the third region 333.
In some embodiments, the second region 332 is provided with a radiator 700. One radiator 700 may be disposed in the second region 332, and one radiator 700 of the second region 332 may extend from the top surface 310 to the bottom surface 320 along the rotation axis 300. The radiator 700 disposed on the rotation shaft 300 may form a multi-antenna design with the radiator 700 of the first casing 100 and the radiator 700 of the second casing 200, so as to meet the multi-antenna design requirement of the electronic device 10.
The manner of disposing the radiator 700 on the rotation shaft 300 is not limited thereto.
Such as: referring to fig. 7 and 8, fig. 7 is a fifth structural schematic diagram of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present application, and fig. 8 is a perspective structural schematic diagram of a hinge shown in fig. 7. The hinge 300 may have two radiators 700 disposed in the second region 332, and the two radiators 700 may be arranged side by side from the top surface 310 along a direction from the hinge 300 to the bottom surface 320.
Referring to fig. 9, fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of another rotating shaft according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. The radiator 700 located in the second region 332 may extend to the first region 331, that is, the radiator 700 on the rotation shaft 300 may be formed in the first region 331 and the second region 332. It should be noted that the radiator 700 on the shaft 300 may be formed in the third region 333 and the second region 332.
Referring to fig. 10, fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of another rotating shaft according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. The radiator 700 located in the second region 332 may extend to the first region 331 and the third region 333, that is, the radiator 700 on the rotation shaft 300 may be formed in the first region 331, the second region 332, and the third region 333.
The radiator 700 located in the second region 332 may extend to the first region 331, the third region 333, and the fourth region 334, that is, the radiator 700 on the rotation shaft 300 may be formed in the first region 331, the second region 332, the third region 333, and the fourth region 334. The radiator 700 may be wound around the first, second, third and fourth regions 331, 332, 333 and 334.
Referring to fig. 11, fig. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of another rotating shaft according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. The second region 332 may be provided with one or more radiators 700, and the fourth region 334 may be provided with one or more radiators 700. The sub-patterns of the radiator 700 located in the second region 332 and the radiator 700 located in the fourth region 334 do not overlap in a direction perpendicular to the rotation axis 300. Such as: the second region 332 is provided with a radiator 700, and the radiator 700 located in the second region 332 is close to the top surface 310 and far away from the bottom surface 320; the fourth region 334 is provided with a radiator 700, and the radiator 700 located in the fourth region 334 is close to the bottom surface 320 and far away from the top surface 310.
Referring to fig. 12, fig. 12 is a block diagram of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the disclosure. The electronic device 10 may include a controller 503 and a detector 504, the controller 503 and the detector 504 being electrically connected. The controller 503 may be integrated on the circuit board 500, the controller 503 may be a processor of the electronic device 10, and the controller 503 may also be controlled by the processor of the electronic device 10. The detector 504 may include one or more sensors that may detect a state of the electronic device 10. The states of the electronic apparatus 10 may include a folded state, i.e., a state formed when the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 are folded with each other, and an open state. The opened state is a state formed when the first and second housings 100 and 200 are opened to each other.
When the detector 504 detects that the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 cover the second region 332 in the folded state, the controller 503 switches the radiator 700 located in the second region 332 to the closed state, and the controller 503 switches the radiator 700 located in the fourth region 334 to the operating state. When the detector 504 detects that the first enclosure 100 and the second enclosure 200 are in the open state, the second region 332 is switched to the operating state, and the controller 503 switches the fourth region 334 to the operating state.
Accordingly, it is possible to prevent the first case 100 and the second case 200 from shielding the radiator 700 due to the folded state, thereby reducing the signal of the radiator 700.
It is understood that the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 are respectively connected to the rotating shaft 300, and the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 can rotate relative to the rotating shaft 300, i.e., the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 can rotate via the rotating shaft 300.
The first display screen 400 is electrically connected to the circuit board 500, the first display screen 400 is electrically connected to the battery 600, the battery 600 can provide electric energy for the first display screen 400, and the circuit board 500 can control the first display screen 400 to display. The first display 400 may display information such as images, text, etc., and may form a display surface of the electronic device 10. The first display screen 400 may be one or a combination of liquid crystal display, organic light emitting diode display, electronic ink display, plasma display, display using other display technologies. The first display screen 400 may include a touch sensor array (i.e., the first display screen 400 may be a touch display screen). The touch sensor may be a capacitive touch sensor formed by a transparent touch sensor electrode (e.g., an Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) electrode) array, or may be a touch sensor formed using other touch technologies, such as acoustic wave touch, pressure sensitive touch, resistive touch, optical touch, and the like, and the embodiments of the present application are not limited thereto.
The first display 400 includes a first display portion 401, a second display portion 402, and a connection display portion 403. The first display portion 401 and the second display portion 402 are connected by the connection display portion 403, the first display portion 401, the second display portion 402, and the connection display portion 403 may be integrally configured, and the first display portion 401, the second display portion 402, and the connection display portion 403 may collectively display information such as an image and a text, and collectively configure a display surface of the electronic device 10. The first display 400 may be a flexible screen, and the connection display part 403 may be a flexible structure. The connection display part 403 may be deformed, and the connection display part 403 may be folded such that positions of the first display part 401 and the second display part 402 are changed.
Here, the first display portion 401 may be disposed on one surface of the first casing 100. The first display portion 401 may cover a partial region of one surface of the first casing 100, and a non-display region of the electronic device 10 may be formed on the first casing 100. The first display unit 401 may be covered over the entire area of one surface of the first casing 100 to realize full-screen display on the one surface of the first casing 100. The first display portion 401 may move following the movement of the first housing 100.
The second display portion 402 may be disposed on one surface of the second housing 200. The second display portion 402 may cover a partial region of one surface of the second housing 200, and a non-display region of the electronic device 10 may be formed on the second housing 200. The second display unit 402 may be provided to cover the entire area of one surface of the second casing 200, thereby realizing full-screen display on the one surface of the second casing 200. The second display portion 402 may move following the movement of the second housing 200. When the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 are opened, the first display portion 401 and the second display portion 402 may be located on the same plane to display images together, so as to form a display plane together.
The connection display portion 403 may cover the outer surface of the rotating shaft 300, and the connection display portion 403 may be located in the fourth region 334. In some embodiments, the rotating shaft 300 may only have the radiator 700 disposed at the second region 332, and since the fourth region 334 is covered by the connection display portion 403, the radiator signal at the fourth region 344 may be affected, and the radiator 700 disposed at the second region 332 in the embodiments of the present disclosure may reduce the effect of other devices on the radiator 700 on the rotating shaft 300, and may improve the performance of the radiator while saving the cost of the radiator.
It should be noted that the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 may be folded in two. When the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 are rotated or folded with respect to each other to reach the folded state, the first display portion 401 and the second display portion 402 may be located at an intermediate position between the first casing 100 and the second casing 200, which may be defined as an inner folded state. The first display portion 401 and the second display portion 402 may also be located outside the first casing 100 and the second casing 200, which may be defined herein as an outer folded state.
In some embodiments, a cover plate may be disposed on the first display screen 400, the cover plate may be made of a flexible material, and the cover plate may cover the first display screen 400 to protect the first display screen 400. The cover plate may be a transparent glass cover plate so that the first display 400 is displayed through the cover plate.
Here, the circuit board 500 may be mounted on the first housing 100, and the circuit board 500 may also be mounted on the second housing 200. The circuit board 500 may be fixed to the second housing 200 by means of screws, snaps, or the like. The circuit board 500 may be a main board of the electronic device 10, and one, two or more of a motor, a microphone, a speaker, an earphone interface, a universal serial bus interface, a camera, a distance sensor, an ambient light sensor, a receiver, and a processor may be integrated on the circuit board 500.
In some embodiments, a plurality of signal sources 501 and a plurality of ground points 502 may be disposed on circuit board 500.
Here, the battery 600 may be mounted on the first case 100, and the battery 600 may also be mounted on the second case 200. The battery 600 is electrically connected to the circuit board 500 to supply power to the electronic device 10.
In some embodiments, a radiator 700 may be electrically connected to at least one signal source 501, and a radiator 700 may be electrically connected to at least one ground point 502. A signal source 501 and a ground point 502 may be provided on the circuit board 500. Thus, each radiator 700 may constitute a signal loop.
Wherein the plurality of signal sources 501 may be controlled by a processor of the electronic device 10. The signal source 501 may generate a radio frequency signal, and the radiator 700 may transmit and receive the radio frequency signal. The radiator 700 may transmit radio frequency signals, may also receive radio frequency signals, or may also be used to transmit and receive radio frequency signals. The plurality of radiators 700 may constitute a MIMO (Multiple-Input Multiple-Output) antenna. Thus, the electronic device 10 can implement communication with a base station or other electronic devices through the plurality of radiators 700, thereby implementing the requirement of multiple antennas.
In some embodiments, multiple signal sources 501 may be used to generate radio frequency signals at different frequencies. For example, one, two or more of The plurality of signal sources 501 may generate 4G (The 4th Generation Mobile Communication Technology, fourth Generation Mobile Communication Technology) signals. Two or more of The plurality of signal sources 501 may generate 5G (The 5th Generation Mobile Communication Technology, fifth Generation Mobile Communication Technology) signals. Accordingly, one, two or more radiators 700 may transceive 4G signals, and one, two or more radiators 700 may transceive 5G signals.
In some embodiments, one, two, or more radiators 700 may transceive radio frequency signals of the first frequency range or/and the second frequency range. The radio frequency signal in the first frequency range is a 4G signal, and the radio frequency signal in the second frequency range is a 5G signal. The highest frequency in the first frequency range is less than the lowest frequency in the second frequency range. One, two, or more radiators 700 may transceive 4G signals and 5G signals. The first frequency range may include 615MHz (megahertz) to 4200 MHz. The second frequency range may include 4.4GHz (gigahertz) to 30 GHz.
In some embodiments, one or both of the radiators 700 may transmit and receive a short-range antenna signal and a positioning signal, the short-range antenna signal may be a WIreless-Fidelity (WIFI) signal, a bluetooth signal, or the like, and the positioning signal may be a GPS signal.
The radiator 700 on the shaft 300 may be used as a 5G antenna to transmit and receive 5G signals, and the radiator 700 on the shaft 300 may also be used as a 4G antenna to transmit and receive 4G signals. It should be noted that, when the number of the radiators 700 on the rotating shaft 300 is greater than two, the radiators on the rotating shaft 300 can transmit and receive high-frequency signals. When the number of the radiators 700 on the shaft 300 is one, the radiators 700 on the shaft 300 can transmit and receive low frequency signals, intermediate frequency signals, and high frequency signals.
Referring to fig. 13, fig. 13 is a sixth structural schematic diagram of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present application. The electronic device 10 has a rear cover 800, and the rear cover 800 may be disposed on the second housing 200, with the rear cover 800 and the second display portion 402 being located on two opposite surfaces of the second housing 200, respectively. Note that the rear cover 800 may be provided on the first housing 100. In some embodiments, the rear cover 800 may be made of a metal material, a plastic material, glass, or the like. A rear cover 800 may be provided to cover the battery 600 to protect the battery 600.
In other embodiments, one, two, or more radiators 700 may be disposed on the outer surface of the rear cover 800. The radiator is disposed on the outer surface of the rear cover 800, and the radiator 700 of the first casing 100 and the radiator 700 of the second casing 200 may form a layout of the radiator 700 together, so that the radiator 700 of the electronic device 10 may not be interfered.
In some embodiments, the electronic device 10 also includes a second display screen 900. The second display screen 900 is electrically connected to the circuit board 500, the second display screen 900 is electrically connected to the battery 600, the battery 600 can provide electric energy for the second display screen 900, and the circuit board 500 can control the second display screen 900 to display. Wherein the second display screen 900 may be mounted on the first housing 100. The second display screen 900 and the first display portion 401 are respectively located on two opposite surfaces of the first casing 100. It should be noted that the second display screen 900 may also be disposed on the second casing 200.
The second display 900 may display information such as images and texts, and may form another display surface of the electronic device 10. The second display 900 may be one or a combination of liquid crystal display, organic light emitting diode display, electronic ink display, plasma display, display using other display technologies. Second display screen 900 may include an array of touch sensors (i.e., first display screen 400 may be a touch display screen). The touch sensor may be a capacitive touch sensor formed by a transparent touch sensor electrode (e.g., an Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) electrode) array, or may be a touch sensor formed using other touch technologies, such as acoustic wave touch, pressure sensitive touch, resistive touch, optical touch, and the like, and the embodiments of the present application are not limited thereto.
In some embodiments, the second display screen 900 and the first display screen 400 may display the pictures at the same time, and the second display screen 900 and the first display screen 400 may display different pictures at the same time or the same picture at the same time.
It should be noted that, when the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 are in the folded state, if the first display 400 is located between the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 and the second display 900 is located outside the first casing 100 and the second casing 200, the first display 400 may be controlled to be turned off, and a picture may be displayed only through the second display 900.
When the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 are in the folded state, if the second display 900 is located between the first casing 100 and the second casing 200 and the first display 400 is located outside the first casing 100 and the second casing 200, the second display 900 may be controlled to be turned off, and a picture may be displayed only through the first display 400.
Referring to fig. 14, fig. 14 is a schematic view of a first structure of an antenna element according to an embodiment of the present application. The antenna assembly 20 may include a first case 100, a second case 200, a rotation shaft 300, and a radiator 700. The first casing 100 and the second casing 200 are connected by a rotation shaft 300. One or more radiators 700 may be disposed on the first casing 100, one or more radiators 700 may be disposed on the second casing 200, and one or more radiators 700 may be disposed on the rotation shaft 300. The first housing 100 and the radiator 700 disposed thereon can refer to the above, the second housing 200 and the radiator 700 disposed thereon can refer to the above, and the rotating shaft 300 and the radiator 700 disposed thereon can refer to the above, which is not described herein again.
Referring to fig. 15, fig. 15 is a second structural schematic diagram of an antenna element according to an embodiment of the present application. The antenna assembly 20 may include a first case 100, a second case 200, a rotation shaft 300, and a radiator 700. The first casing 100 and the second casing 200 are connected by a rotation shaft 300. One or more radiators 700 may be disposed on the first casing 100, and one or more radiators 700 may be disposed on the rotation shaft 300. The first housing 100 and the radiator 700 disposed thereon can refer to the above, and the rotating shaft 300 and the radiator 700 disposed thereon can refer to the above, which are not described herein again.
The electronic device and the antenna assembly thereof provided by the embodiment of the application are described in detail above. The principles and implementations of the present application are described herein using specific examples, which are presented only to aid in understanding the present application. Meanwhile, for those skilled in the art, according to the idea of the present application, there may be variations in the specific embodiments and the application scope, and in summary, the content of the present specification should not be construed as a limitation to the present application.

Claims (6)

1. An electronic device, comprising:
the rotating shaft is provided with a top surface, a bottom surface and a side surface, the side surface is located between the top surface and the bottom surface, the side surface comprises a first area, a second area, a third area and a fourth area, the first area, the second area, the third area and the fourth area respectively extend from the top surface to the bottom surface along the rotating shaft, the first area is connected between the second area and the fourth area, the third area is connected between the second area and the fourth area, the second area is provided with one or more radiating bodies, and the fourth area is provided with one or more radiating bodies;
a first housing connected to the first region;
the second shell is connected with the third area, the first shell and the second shell can rotate relative to the rotating shaft, the first shell is provided with a plurality of radiating bodies and/or the second shell is provided with a plurality of radiating bodies;
the circuit board is provided with a plurality of signal sources, and each signal source is electrically connected with one radiator;
the first display screen comprises a first display part, a second display part and a connection display part, the first display part is arranged on the first shell, the second display part is arranged on the second shell, the connection display part is arranged at the position of the rotating shaft, the connection display part is positioned in a fourth area, the first display part and the second display part are connected through the connection display part, and the first display part and the second display part can be folded relative to the connection display part;
a detector for detecting a state of the electronic device, the state of the electronic device including a folded state and an open state; and
a controller electrically connected to the detector, the controller being configured to:
when the detector detects that the first shell and the second shell cover the second area in a folded state, the radiator in the second area is switched to a closed state, and the radiator in the fourth area is switched to a working state;
and when the detector detects that the first shell and the shell are in an open state, switching the radiator of the second area into a working state, and switching the radiator of the fourth area into a working state.
2. The electronic device of claim 1, wherein the radiator in the second region and the radiator in the fourth region do not overlap in a direction perpendicular to the rotation axis.
3. The electronic device of claim 1, the radiator configured to transceive radio frequency signals of a first frequency range or/and a second frequency range, wherein a highest frequency in the first frequency range is smaller than a lowest frequency in the second frequency range.
4. The electronic device of claim 3, wherein the first frequency range comprises 615MHz to 4200MHz and the second frequency range comprises 4.4GHz to 30 GHz.
5. The electronic device of claim 1, wherein the electronic device comprises a second display screen, the second display screen is electrically connected to the circuit board, the second display screen is disposed on the first housing, and the second display screen and the first display portion are disposed opposite to each other on the first housing.
6. The electronic apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the electronic apparatus includes a rear cover provided on the second housing, the rear cover and the second display portion being disposed opposite to each other on the second housing.
CN201810998315.8A 2018-08-29 2018-08-29 Antenna assembly and electronic equipment Active CN109216868B (en)

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