CN109177362A - A kind of fire prevention laminated particle-board and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of fire prevention laminated particle-board and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109177362A
CN109177362A CN201811194417.0A CN201811194417A CN109177362A CN 109177362 A CN109177362 A CN 109177362A CN 201811194417 A CN201811194417 A CN 201811194417A CN 109177362 A CN109177362 A CN 109177362A
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China
Prior art keywords
board
fire
magnesium
fire prevention
core plate
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Application number
CN201811194417.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
靳冠森
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靳冠森
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Priority to CN201811194417.0A priority Critical patent/CN109177362A/en
Publication of CN109177362A publication Critical patent/CN109177362A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B21/00Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/12Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by using adhesives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B7/00Layered products characterised by the relation between layers; Layered products characterised by the relative orientation of features between layers, or by the relative values of a measurable parameter between layers, i.e. products comprising layers having different physical, chemical or physicochemical properties; Layered products characterised by the interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/04Interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/12Interconnection of layers using interposed adhesives or interposed materials with bonding properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00

Abstract

The present invention relates to building decorations, fireproof material technology field, specifically, being related to a kind of fire prevention laminated particle-board and preparation method thereof.Including upper and lower two layers of high-density plate and the core plate being clipped between two layers of high-density plate;The core plate is combined by glass magnesium board and fire proofing wood chipboard;The glass magnesium board using magnesia, magnesium chloride, magnesium sulfate and coal ash for manufacturing at;The fire proofing wood chipboard is made of wood shavings and vermiculite.Not only integral strength can improve 5-10 times to fire prevention laminated particle-board of the present invention in original basis, and, without any oxidable and burning substance, smog and other organic poisons will not be generated at high temperature, also there are the multiple functions such as moisture-proof, water resistant, heat-insulated, sound insulation, meanwhile, have can paint, paster etc. extends decorative and the good application property such as can bore, can saw, can dig, it can be used as fire-resistant door core and make the multiple uses such as advanced kitchen tools, furniture, be adapted to various weather conditions.

Description

A kind of fire prevention laminated particle-board and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building decorations, fireproof material technology field, specifically, be related to a kind of fire prevention laminated particle-board and Preparation method.
Background technique
With the emergence of building trade, skyscraper increases, and also occurs new ask in security against fire thereupon Topic, meanwhile, requirement of the people to living environment is higher and higher, and the indoor hardware fittings such as Indoor decorative plate, function detachable furniture are prevented Fiery performance also needs further to improve.
Currently, the common material of indoor decoration wall body mainly has the materials such as walltile, wooden splint, density board and wallpaper, The common material of furniture, kitchen tools mainly has the materials such as wooden splint, density board and three-ply board.Although the use scope of these materials It is relatively wide, there is lot of advantages, but exist and be unable to fireproof defect.
Patent No. 200720087740.9, title are as follows: the utility model patent of glass magnesium, perlite fireproof door core board, Battenboard uses pearlite slab, and perlite is under wet conditions, and water absorption rate is high, and easy to crack, intensity is low, meeting under high temperature Granular substance is generated, is detrimental to health.Therefore, the feature of environmental protection of perlite is poor.
Patent No.: 201310359723.6, title are as follows: a kind of extruding silicate material molding inorganic adhesive and its The patent of invention of preparation method, the document disclose a kind of Novel environment-friendlymaterial material for preparing extruding vermiculite fireproof heated board, adopt The extruding vermiculite fireproof heated board made of the environment-friendly materials industry with it is very widely used in civil buildings, can be used for preventing Vent core, external-wall heat-insulation material and interior decoration etc., still, the place high for some intensity requirements, such as partition wall, furniture Etc., it is just unable to satisfy building engineering construction and application requirement, causing to promote has certain resistance.Therefore, fire protecting performance and strong Spending size etc. is all the important indicator for testing plate property.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of fire prevention laminated particle-boards and preparation method thereof, to solve above-mentioned technology Problem.
To achieve the above object, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is that:
A kind of fire prevention laminated particle-board, it is characterised in that: including upper and lower two layers of high-density plate and be clipped in two layers of high-density plate Between core plate;The core plate is combined by glass magnesium board and fire proofing wood chipboard;The glass magnesium board using magnesia, magnesium chloride, Magnesium sulfate, flyash and water are made, wherein the mass percent of various raw materials are as follows: magnesia 25%-35%, magnesium chloride 10%- 20%, magnesium sulfate 3%-8%, flyash 30%-40%, surplus are water;The fire proofing wood chipboard is made of wood shavings and vermiculite, Wherein contain wood shavings 60%-80%, vermiculite 20%-40%.
Preferably, the glass magnesium board with a thickness of 8mm;The fire proofing wood chipboard with a thickness of 42mm;Upper and lower two layers of height The thickness of density board is respectively 3mm.
The preparation method of the fire prevention laminated particle-board, it is characterised in that: the following steps are included:
1, glass magnesium board is prepared: first according to magnesia 25%-35%, magnesium chloride 10%-20%, magnesium sulfate 3%-8%, fine coal Grey 30%-40%, the mass percent that surplus is water get various materials ready;Again by magnesia, magnesium chloride, magnesium sulfate and flyash Soluble in water, reaction generates the glass magnesium board of crystal phase;
2, it prepares fire proofing wood chipboard: first getting object ready according to the mass percent of wood shavings 60%-80%, vermiculite 20%-40% Material;Wood shavings and vermiculite are uniformly mixed again;Then, at a high temperature of 180 DEG C -200 DEG C, persistent pressure 30-40 minutes, it is made anti- Fiery particieboard;
3, it prepares core plate: fire proofing wood chipboard made from glass magnesium board made from step 1 and step 2 is passed through into the compound system of adhesive At core plate;
4, preparation fire prevention laminated particle-board: gluing is distinguished on the upper and lower surface layer of the core plate made from step 3, and in core plate High-density plate is pasted in upper layer;It is cold-pressed 5h, obtains fire prevention laminated particle-board.
The utility model has the advantages that compared with prior art, fire prevention laminated particle-board of the present invention is with fire proofing wood chipboard and glass magnesium Plate is core plate, and in core plate surface composite high-density plate, fire proofing wood chipboard is made of wood shavings and vermiculite, is hindered by expanding vermiculite Fire, not only integral strength can improve 5-10 times in original basis, moreover, without any oxidable and burning substance, in high temperature Under will not generate smog and other organic poisons, also have the multiple functions such as moisture-proof, water resistant, heat-insulated, sound insulation, meanwhile, have Can paint, paster etc. extends decorative and the good application property such as can bore, can saw, can dig, can be used as fire-resistant door core and production be high The multiple uses such as grade kitchen tools, furniture, are adapted to various weather conditions.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described combined with specific embodiments below.
Embodiment 1:
Fire prevention laminated particle-board described in the present embodiment includes upper and lower two layers of high-density plate and is clipped between two layers of high-density plate Core plate, the core plate is combined by glass magnesium board and fire proofing wood chipboard.The glass magnesium board with a thickness of 8mm;The fire prevention plane Card with a thickness of 42mm;The thickness of upper and lower two layers of high-density plate is respectively 3mm.
The glass magnesium board is made of 25kg magnesia, 20kg magnesium chloride, 8kg magnesium sulfate, 30kg flyash and 17kg water, Specific preparation method is: magnesia, magnesium chloride, magnesium sulfate and flyash is soluble in water, and reaction generates the glass magnesium board of crystal phase.
The fire proofing wood chipboard is made of wood shavings and vermiculite, wherein contain wood shavings 60kg, vermiculite 40kg, specific preparation side Method is: being first uniformly mixed wood shavings and vermiculite;Then, it at a high temperature of 180 DEG C -200 DEG C, persistent pressure 30-40 minutes, is made Fire proofing wood chipboard.
Preparing for the fire prevention laminated particle-board is as follows: being first combined glass magnesium board and fire proofing wood chipboard by adhesive Core plate;Then, gluing is distinguished on the upper and lower surface layer of core plate, and paste high-density plate in the upper layer of core plate;5h is cold-pressed, Obtain fire prevention laminated particle-board.
Embodiment 2:
Fire prevention laminated particle-board described in the present embodiment includes upper and lower two layers of high-density plate and is clipped between two layers of high-density plate Core plate, the core plate is combined by glass magnesium board and fire proofing wood chipboard.The glass magnesium board with a thickness of 8mm;The fire prevention plane Card with a thickness of 42mm;The thickness of upper and lower two layers of high-density plate is respectively 3mm.
The glass magnesium board is made of 35kg magnesia, 10kg magnesium chloride, 3kg magnesium sulfate, 40kg flyash and 12kg water, Specific preparation method is: magnesia, magnesium chloride, magnesium sulfate and flyash is soluble in water, and reaction generates the glass magnesium board of crystal phase.
The fire proofing wood chipboard is made of wood shavings and vermiculite, wherein contain wood shavings 80kg, vermiculite 20kg, specific preparation side Method is: being first uniformly mixed wood shavings and vermiculite;Then, it at a high temperature of 180 DEG C -200 DEG C, persistent pressure 30-40 minutes, is made Fire proofing wood chipboard.
Preparing for the fire prevention laminated particle-board is as follows: being first combined glass magnesium board and fire proofing wood chipboard by adhesive Core plate;Then, gluing is distinguished on the upper and lower surface layer of core plate, and paste high-density plate in the upper layer of core plate;5h is cold-pressed, Obtain fire prevention laminated particle-board.
Better embodiment of the invention is illustrated above, but the present invention is not limited to the embodiment, Those skilled in the art can also make various equivalent modifications or replacement on the premise of without prejudice to spirit of the invention, this Equivalent variation or replacement are all included in the scope defined by the claims of the present application a bit.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of fire prevention laminated particle-board, it is characterised in that: including upper and lower two layers of high-density plate and be clipped in two layers of high-density plate it Between core plate;The core plate is combined by glass magnesium board and fire proofing wood chipboard;The glass magnesium board uses magnesia, magnesium chloride, sulphur Sour magnesium, flyash and water are made, wherein the mass percent of various raw materials are as follows: magnesia 25%-35%, magnesium chloride 10%- 20%, magnesium sulfate 3%-8%, flyash 30%-40%, surplus are water;The fire proofing wood chipboard is made of wood shavings and vermiculite, Wherein contain wood shavings 60%-80%, vermiculite 20%-40%.
2. fire prevention laminated particle-board according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the glass magnesium board with a thickness of 8mm;It is described Fire proofing wood chipboard with a thickness of 42mm;The thickness of upper and lower two layers of high-density plate is respectively 3mm.
3. the preparation method of fire prevention laminated particle-board as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the following steps are included:
(1) glass magnesium board is prepared: first according to magnesia 25%-35%, magnesium chloride 10%-20%, magnesium sulfate 3%-8%, flyash 30%-40%, the mass percent that surplus is water get various materials ready;It is again that magnesia, magnesium chloride, magnesium sulfate and flyash is molten Yu Shuizhong, reaction generate the glass magnesium board of crystal phase;
(2) it prepares fire proofing wood chipboard: first getting material ready according to the mass percent of wood shavings 60%-80%, vermiculite 20%-40%; Wood shavings and vermiculite are uniformly mixed again;Then, at a high temperature of 180 DEG C -200 DEG C, persistent pressure 30-40 minutes, fire prevention is made Particieboard;
(3) core plate is prepared: glass magnesium board made from step (1) is compound by adhesive with fire proofing wood chipboard made from step (2) Core plate is made;
(4) preparation fire prevention laminated particle-board: gluing is distinguished on the upper and lower surface layer of the core plate made from step (3), and in the upper of core plate High-density plate is pasted in layer;It is cold-pressed 5h, obtains fire prevention laminated particle-board.
CN201811194417.0A 2018-09-26 2018-09-26 A kind of fire prevention laminated particle-board and preparation method thereof Withdrawn CN109177362A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811194417.0A CN109177362A (en) 2018-09-26 2018-09-26 A kind of fire prevention laminated particle-board and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811194417.0A CN109177362A (en) 2018-09-26 2018-09-26 A kind of fire prevention laminated particle-board and preparation method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109016054A (en) * 2018-09-29 2018-12-18 靳冠森 A kind of fire prevention laminated particle-board and preparation method thereof
CN111484309A (en) * 2020-04-26 2020-08-04 彭国良 Novel fireproof waterproof magnesium oxide board and preparation process thereof
CN112060268A (en) * 2020-09-12 2020-12-11 靳冠森 Fireproof composite shaving board and preparation method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109016054A (en) * 2018-09-29 2018-12-18 靳冠森 A kind of fire prevention laminated particle-board and preparation method thereof
CN111484309A (en) * 2020-04-26 2020-08-04 彭国良 Novel fireproof waterproof magnesium oxide board and preparation process thereof
CN112060268A (en) * 2020-09-12 2020-12-11 靳冠森 Fireproof composite shaving board and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20190111