Stone breaker for tunnel construction
The invention relates to the technical field of tunnel construction, in particular to a stone crushing device for tunnel construction.
Tunnel construction is in order to get through the massif and go on leading to the car, and a large amount of stones can appear when implementing tunnel construction in the massif, and these stones are too big a little, very inconvenient in the time of carrying out, need carry out the breakage to great stone, and the preliminary broken mechanism of present stone all is broken through simple extrusion when using, and such broken mode can lead to some stones not broken, has just so reduced the crushing efficiency of stone.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the defects of the technical problem, the invention provides a stone crushing device for tunnel construction.
(II) technical scheme
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a stone crushing device for tunnel construction comprises a treatment box, wherein two side surfaces of the treatment box are respectively provided with a support plate, the lower surface of the supporting plate is provided with supporting legs, the bottoms of the supporting legs are provided with square balance backing plates, a primary crushing mechanism is arranged above the treatment box, the bottom of the primary crushing mechanism is communicated with the inside of the treatment box through a material guide pipe, the supporting plate is provided with a dust falling mechanism, the inner wall of the bottom of the treatment box is provided with three rows of reinforcing rods, the top end of the reinforcing rod is fixedly connected with a slope plate, the slope plate is arranged in the treatment box, a bushing plate is arranged in the middle of the slope plate, a rolling crushing mechanism is arranged above the bushing plate, the bottom of handling the case is provided with two intercommunication mouths and a row material pipe, handle the bottom that the case corresponds with the intercommunication mouth and install row material case, the bottom of arranging the material case is provided with the sack bucket.
Dust fall mechanism includes a water tank that sets up in the backup pad, the top of water tank is provided with the water filling port, water tank and drinking-water pipe intercommunication, the one end of drinking-water pipe and the end intercommunication of drawing water of suction pump, the drainage end of suction pump and the one end intercommunication of drain pipe, the other end setting of drain pipe is in the inside of handling the case and is connected with the one end of spray tube, the other end of spray tube inserts the inside of handling the case and is connected with atomizer. Dust fall mechanism when the stone is broken, starts the inside water of pump suction water tank through the controller, then discharges through drain pipe and spray tube and through the atomizer with spun water atomization blowout to dust when broken to the stone carries out the dust fall.
Preferably, the preliminary crushing mechanism comprises a crushing box arranged on the treatment box, a feed inlet is arranged above the crushing box, motor boxes are arranged on two sides of the crushing box, a motor fixedly arranged through an installation rod is arranged in the motor box, a rotary disc is fixedly arranged on a rotary shaft of the motor, the side surface of the rotary disc is in contact with the surface of the push plate, a movable rod is arranged on one side of the push plate, one end of the movable rod penetrates through a through hole on one side of the crushing box and is connected with a crushing plate positioned in the crushing box, crushing teeth and crushing columns are respectively arranged on one side surface of the crushing plate, a movable insertion rod is arranged on the other side of the crushing plate, one end of the movable insertion rod is inserted into the balance sleeve and is connected with a buffer spring in the balance sleeve, the balance sleeve is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the crushing box, the surface of movable rod has cup jointed reset spring, reset spring's both ends are connected with crushing board and broken case respectively, the inside of broken case is provided with two hang plates. Preliminary broken mechanism starts a motor through the controller, makes a motor drive the carousel and rotates, makes the carousel promote the push pedal in the pivoted, and the push pedal promotes the movable rod, and the crushing board on the movable rod can promote broken tooth and broken post and move about and carry out the breakage to the stone like this, and buffer spring has played the effect of buffering to the crushing board, and reset spring can make the activity post reset to make the activity post carry out reciprocating motion.
Preferably, the one end of broken post is inserted and is seted up in the notch on the broken board and be connected with the buffer board, flat sliding sleeve has all been inlayed to the both ends department of buffer board, the level and smooth guide bar of fixing in the notch inside has been cup jointed to the inside of flat sliding sleeve, the side of buffer board passes through the pressure spring and is connected with the inner wall of notch. Broken post is when carrying out the breakage to the stone, and buffer board and pressure spring can produce the power of a buffering to broken post, can avoid broken post to break by force and damage the problem of broken post like this, and level and smooth cover and level and smooth guide bar can make the steady buffering of buffer board.
Preferably, the roll crushing mechanism includes a No. two motors, No. two motors are installed on the mounting panel, mounting panel fixed mounting is at the surface of handling the case, install the drive wheel on the output shaft of No. two motors, No. one the drive wheel passes through the belt and is connected with No. two drive wheels, No. two drive wheels are installed in the axis of rotation, the axis of rotation is located the fixed swivelling roller that has cup jointed in the surface of handling incasement portion, the surface of swivelling roller is provided with the toper tooth. The rolling crushing mechanism starts a second motor through the controller, a first driving wheel on the second motor drives a second driving wheel to rotate through a belt, and therefore a rotating shaft connected with the second driving wheel can drive the rotating roller to rotate, and the conical teeth on the rotating roller crush stones.
Preferably, the inclined angle of the slope plate is forty-five degrees. The slope plate is inclined for forty-five degrees, so that falling stones can roll and slide.
Preferably, the guide tubes are arranged at an inclined angle. The guide pipe is arranged at an inclined angle, so that the stone blocks can be guided to the upper part of the slope plate, and the rolling speed of the stone can be increased.
Preferably, the two atomizing nozzles are arranged, and the two atomizing nozzles face the direction of the bushing. The atomizing nozzle can carry out the dust fall to the dust that splashes towards the bushing.
Preferably, the rotating shaft of the first motor is fixedly connected with the eccentric shaft center of the rotating disc. The eccentric shaft center of the rotary disc is connected with the rotating shaft of the first motor, so that the rotary disc can rotate irregularly, and the push plate is pushed.
(III) advantageous effects
The invention provides a stone crushing device for tunnel construction, which has the following beneficial effects:
1. when the stone crusher is used, the stone crusher has the advantages of high crushing rate and good crushing effect, and simultaneously, the problem that some stones cannot be crushed is avoided, so that the working efficiency is improved.
2. The stone crushing device has the advantage of primary crushing through the arrangement of the primary crushing mechanism, so that the crushing effect of stones can be improved, the stones can be extruded through the contact tips on the crushing columns through the arrangement of the crushing columns on the primary crushing mechanism, the pressure can be increased through the contact tips on the crushing columns, and the stones can be rapidly crushed, so that the problem that the stones cannot be crushed due to the independent use of crushing teeth is solved, meanwhile, the primary crushing mechanism adopts a mode that a motor drives a turntable to drive, so that a hydraulic driving mode is replaced, and the problems that hydraulic pressure is strict during maintenance and is difficult to check and repair due to failure are solved.
3. According to the rolling crushing mechanism, after the primary crushing mechanism is used for primarily crushing stones, the stones are discharged through the material guide pipe, and the stones crushed by the primary crushing mechanism can be crushed again through the rolling crushing mechanism, so that the stones can be crushed more thoroughly, and the problem of large stones is solved.
4. The dust falling mechanism can treat dust generated when stones are broken, has the advantage of dust falling, and avoids the problem that air pollution in a tunnel is aggravated due to dust flying.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the primary crushing mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the structure at A of FIG. 3 according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the balance sleeve according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1 treatment box, 2 supporting plates, 3 supporting legs, 4 balance backing plates, 5 primary crushing mechanisms, 501 crushing box, 502 feeding port, 503 motor box, 504 mounting rods, 505I motor, 506 turntable, 507 push plate, 508 movable rods, 509 crushing plates, 510 crushing teeth, 511 crushing columns, 512 movable inserted rods, 513 balance sleeves, 514 buffer springs, 515 reset springs, 516 notches, 517 buffer plates, 518 flat sliding sleeves, 519 smooth guide rods, 520 pressure springs, 521 inclined plates, 6 dust fall mechanisms, 601 water tank, 602 water filling ports, 603 water pumping pipes, 604 water pumping pumps, 605 water draining pipes, 606 spraying pipes, 607 atomizing nozzles, 7 reinforcing rods, 8 inclined plates, 9 leakage plates, 10 rolling crushing mechanisms, 101 II motor, 102 mounting plates, 103I driving wheel, 104 belts, 105 II driving wheel, 106 rotating shafts, 107 rotating rollers, 108 conical teeth, 11 communication ports, 12 discharging pipes, 13 discharging box, 2 discharging box, 3 mounting plates, 103I driving wheel, 104 belt, 105 II driving wheel, 106 rotating shafts, 107 rotating rollers, 108 conical teeth, 14 cloth bag barrels and 15 material guide pipes.
Referring to fig. 1-5, a stone crusher for tunnel construction comprises a treatment box 1, wherein support plates 2 are respectively installed on two side surfaces of the treatment box 1, support legs 3 are installed on the lower surfaces of the support plates 2, square balance backing plates 4 are installed at the bottoms of the support legs 3, a primary crushing mechanism 5 is arranged above the treatment box 1, the bottom of the primary crushing mechanism 5 is communicated with the inside of the treatment box 1 through material guide pipes 6, a dust falling mechanism 6 is arranged on the support plates 2, three rows of reinforcing rods 7 are installed on the inner wall of the bottom of the treatment box 1, the top ends of the reinforcing rods 7 are fixedly connected with a slope plate 8, the slope plate 8 is installed inside the treatment box 1, a leakage plate 9 is arranged in the middle of the slope plate 8, a rolling crushing mechanism 10 is arranged above the leakage plate 9, two communication ports 11 and a discharge pipe 12 are arranged at the bottom of the treatment box 1, a discharge box 13 is installed at the bottom, the bottom of the discharge box 13 is provided with a cloth bag barrel 14. The dust fall mechanism 6 comprises a water tank 601 arranged on the support plate 2, a water filling port 602 is arranged at the top of the water tank 601, the water tank 601 is communicated with a water pumping pipe 603, one end of the water pumping pipe 603 is communicated with a water pumping end of a water pumping pump 604, a water discharging end of the water pumping pump 604 is communicated with one end of a water discharging pipe 605, the other end of the water discharging pipe 605 is arranged inside the treatment box 1 and is connected with one end of a spraying pipe 606, and the other end of the spraying pipe 606 is inserted inside the treatment box 1 and is connected with an atomizing nozzle 607. The primary crushing mechanism 5 comprises a crushing box 501 arranged on the treatment box 1, a feeding port 502 is arranged above the crushing box 501, motor boxes 503 are arranged on two sides of the crushing box 501, a first motor 505 fixedly arranged on the motor boxes 503 through an installation rod 504, a rotary disc 506 is fixedly arranged on a rotary shaft of the first motor 505, the side surface of the rotary disc 506 is in contact with the surface of a push plate 507, a movable rod 508 is arranged on one side of the push plate 507, one end of the movable rod 508 passes through a through hole on one side of the crushing box 501 and is connected with a crushing plate 509 positioned in the crushing box 501, crushing teeth 510 and crushing columns 511 are respectively arranged on one side surface of the crushing plate 509, a movable inserted rod 512 is arranged on the other side of the crushing plate 509, one end of the movable inserted rod 512 is inserted into a balance sleeve 513 and is connected with a buffer spring 514 in the balance sleeve 513, the balance sleeve 513 is fixedly arranged on, the surface of activity pole 508 has cup jointed reset spring 515, and reset spring 515's both ends are connected with crushing board 509 and crushing case 501 respectively, and the inside of crushing case 501 is provided with two hang plates 521, and hang plate 521 can prevent that the stone from piling up. One end of the crushing column 511 is inserted into a notch 516 formed in the crushing plate 509 and is connected with a buffer plate 517, a flat sliding sleeve 518 is embedded at two ends of the buffer plate 517, a smooth guide rod 519 fixed inside the notch 516 is sleeved inside the flat sliding sleeve 518, and the side surface of the buffer plate 517 is connected with the inner wall of the notch 516 through a pressure spring 520. The rolling crushing mechanism 10 comprises a second motor 101, the second motor 101 is installed on an installation plate 102, the installation plate 102 is fixedly installed on the outer surface of the treatment box 1, a first transmission wheel 103 is installed on an output shaft of the second motor 101, the first transmission wheel 103 is connected with a second transmission wheel 105 through a belt 104, the second transmission wheel 105 is installed on a rotating shaft 106, a rotating roller 107 is fixedly sleeved on the surface of the rotating shaft 106, which is located inside the treatment box 1, and conical teeth 108 are arranged on the surface of the rotating roller 107. The slope angle of the ramp plate 8 is forty-five degrees. The guide tubes 15 are disposed at an inclined angle. The atomizer 607 is provided in two, and the two atomizer 607 are oriented in the direction of the bushing 9. The rotating shaft of the first motor 505 is fixedly connected with the eccentric shaft center of the rotating disc 506.
The embodiment of the invention is that a controller starts a first motor 505, the first motor 505 drives a rotary disc 506 to rotate, the rotary disc 506 pushes a push plate 507 when rotating, the push plate 807 pushes a movable rod 508, and then stones are put into a crushing box 501 from a feeding port 502, so that a crushing plate 509 on the movable rod 508 pushes crushing teeth 510 and crushing columns 511 to move and crush the stones, when the crushing teeth 510 and the crushing columns 511 on the crushing plate 509 crush the stones, a movable inserted rod 512 performs piston motion on a balance sleeve 513 and buffers through a buffer spring 514 to protect the crushing plate 509, when the crushing columns 511 crush the stones, the buffer plate 517 and a compressed spring 520 can generate a buffering force on the crushing columns 511, so that the problem that the crushing columns 511 are damaged due to the forced crushing of the crushing columns 511 can be avoided, and the buffer plate 517 can be buffered smoothly by a smooth sleeve 518 and a smooth guide rod 519, after the stone is crushed in the crushing box 501, the crushed stone is guided to the upper part of the slope plate 8 in the processing box 1 through the material guide pipe 15, the stone rolls on the slope plate 8, the second motor 101 is started at the same time, the first driving wheel 103 on the second motor 101 drives the second driving wheel 105 to rotate through the belt 104, so that the rotating shaft 106 connected with the second driving wheel 105 drives the rotating roller 107 to rotate, the tapered teeth 108 on the rotating roller 107 can crush the fallen stone again, the water pump 604 is started to pump water in the water tank 601, then the water is discharged through the water discharge pipe 605 and the spray pipe 606 and atomizes and sprays the sprayed water through the atomizing nozzle 607, thereby dust is reduced when the stone is crushed, the stone rolls into the discharge pipe 12 after being crushed through the rotating roller 107, and the atomized dust can fall through the leakage plate 9, and falls into a discharge box 13 through a communication port 11, and the dust is discharged through a bag barrel 14.
The technical solutions described above only represent the preferred technical solutions of the present invention, and some possible modifications to some parts of the technical solutions by those skilled in the art all represent the principles of the present invention, and fall within the protection scope of the present invention.