CN109066056A - Antenna module and electronic equipment - Google Patents

Antenna module and electronic equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109066056A
CN109066056A CN201810866950.0A CN201810866950A CN109066056A CN 109066056 A CN109066056 A CN 109066056A CN 201810866950 A CN201810866950 A CN 201810866950A CN 109066056 A CN109066056 A CN 109066056A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
radiator
antenna
opening
sub
antenna structure
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810866950.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109066056B (en
Inventor
周林
顾亮
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Application filed by Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd filed Critical Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
Priority to CN201810866950.0A priority Critical patent/CN109066056B/en
Publication of CN109066056A publication Critical patent/CN109066056A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109066056B publication Critical patent/CN109066056B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/24Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set
    • H01Q1/241Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM
    • H01Q1/242Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/2258Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles used with computer equipment
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/36Structural form of radiating elements, e.g. cone, spiral, umbrella; Particular materials used therewith
    • H01Q1/38Structural form of radiating elements, e.g. cone, spiral, umbrella; Particular materials used therewith formed by a conductive layer on an insulating support
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q5/00Arrangements for simultaneous operation of antennas on two or more different wavebands, e.g. dual-band or multi-band arrangements
    • H01Q5/20Arrangements for simultaneous operation of antennas on two or more different wavebands, e.g. dual-band or multi-band arrangements characterised by the operating wavebands
    • H01Q5/28Arrangements for establishing polarisation or beam width over two or more different wavebands
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q5/00Arrangements for simultaneous operation of antennas on two or more different wavebands, e.g. dual-band or multi-band arrangements
    • H01Q5/30Arrangements for providing operation on different wavebands
    • H01Q5/307Individual or coupled radiating elements, each element being fed in an unspecified way
    • H01Q5/314Individual or coupled radiating elements, each element being fed in an unspecified way using frequency dependent circuits or components, e.g. trap circuits or capacitors
    • H01Q5/328Individual or coupled radiating elements, each element being fed in an unspecified way using frequency dependent circuits or components, e.g. trap circuits or capacitors between a radiating element and ground

Abstract

Antenna module and electronic equipment provided by the embodiment of the present application, the antenna module includes metal master portion, metal master portion includes the first end and the second end being oppositely arranged, metal master portion is equipped with the first gap and the second gap, first gap is disposed adjacent with first end, and the second gap is disposed adjacent with the second end;The periphery in metal master portion is arranged in metal edge frame, forms the first radiator and the second radiator on the metal edge frame on the outside of the first gap, forms third radiator and the 4th radiator on the metal edge frame on the outside of the second gap;First radiator is connected with the first sub- radiator and forms first antenna structure, second radiator is connected with the second sub- radiator and forms the second antenna structure, third radiator is connected with the sub- radiator of third and forms third cable architecture, and the 4th radiator is connected with the 4th sub- radiator and forms the 4th antenna structure.Electronic equipment is enabled to meet the needs of multiple antennas.

Description

Antenna module and electronic equipment
Technical field
This application involves technical field of electronic equipment, and in particular to a kind of antenna module and electronic equipment.
Background technique
With the development of communication technology, people are moved using mobile phone, tablet computer etc. more and more widely in daily life Dynamic electronic equipment.
Antenna be realize electronic equipment communication function Main electronic parts and indispensable electronic component it One, meanwhile, setting mutiple antennas becomes the designer trends for guaranteeing that electronic equipment well communicates and still now wraps on an electronic device Two long-term evolution antennas, a position positioning antenna and a Wireless Fidelity antenna are included, antenna amount is limited, is not able to satisfy more High antenna requirements.
Summary of the invention
The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of antenna module and electronic equipment, full mutiple antennas is arranged in electronic equipment The higher antenna requirements of foot.
The application provides a kind of antenna module, comprising:
Metal master portion, the metal master portion are a slab construction, and the metal master portion includes the be oppositely arranged One end and the second end and the first side and second side being oppositely arranged, the metal master portion are equipped with the first gap With the second gap, first gap is disposed adjacent with the first end, and second gap is adjacent with the second end Setting;
Metal edge frame, is arranged in the periphery in the metal master portion, on the metal edge frame on the outside of first gap The first radiator and the second radiator are formed, forms third radiator and the 4th spoke on the metal edge frame on the outside of second gap Beam;
First radiator is connected with the first sub- radiator and forms first antenna structure, and second radiator is connected with Second sub- radiator forms the second antenna structure, and the third radiator is connected with the sub- radiator of third and forms third cable architecture, 4th radiator is connected with the 4th sub- radiator and forms the 4th antenna structure;
The first antenna structure, the second antenna structure, third antenna structure and the 4th antenna structure switchable antenna Transmission band.
The application also provides a kind of electronic equipment, comprising: radio-frequency module and antenna module, the radio-frequency module and the day Line component connection, the antenna module be more than antenna module.
Antenna module and electronic equipment provided by the embodiment of the present application, the antenna module include metal master portion, institute Stating metal master portion is a slab construction, and the metal master portion includes the first end being oppositely arranged and the second end and phase To the first side and second side of setting, the metal master portion is equipped with the first gap and the second gap, first seam Gap is disposed adjacent with the first end, and second gap is disposed adjacent with the second end;Metal edge frame is arranged in institute The periphery in metal master portion is stated, forms the first radiator and the second radiation on the metal edge frame on the outside of first gap Body forms third radiator and the 4th radiator on the metal edge frame on the outside of second gap;The first radiator connection There is the first sub- radiator to form first antenna structure, second radiator is connected with the second sub- radiator and forms second day knot Structure, the third radiator are connected with the sub- radiator of third and form third cable architecture, and the 4th radiator is connected with the 4th son Radiator forms the 4th antenna structure;The first antenna structure, the second antenna structure, third antenna structure and the 4th antenna Structure switchable antenna transmission band.First antenna structure, the second antenna structure, third antenna structure and the 4th antenna structure can The switching for realizing antenna transmission frequency range, it is antenna multiplexed using the progress of existing antenna structure, so as to facilitate transmitting and/or connect The aerial signal for receiving multiple frequency ranges meets higher antenna requirements.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application, make required in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the drawings in the following description are only some examples of the present application, for For those skilled in the art, without creative efforts, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other attached Figure.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 2 is the first structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the first embodiment of antenna module provided by the embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of second of embodiment of antenna module provided by the embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the third embodiment of antenna module provided by the embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the third embodiment of antenna module provided by the embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 7 is a kind of structural schematic diagram that antenna module provided by the embodiment of the present application and circuit board combine.
Fig. 8 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiment of the present application.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present application, technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application carries out clear, complete Site preparation description.Obviously, described embodiments are only a part of embodiments of the present application, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the application, those skilled in the art's every other implementation obtained without creative efforts Example, shall fall in the protection scope of this application.
The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of electronic equipment.The electronic equipment can be smart phone, tablet computer etc. and set It is standby.In some embodiments, Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 are please referred to, electronic equipment 100 includes display screen 10, center 20, circuit main board 30, electricity Pond 40 and rear cover 50.
Wherein, display screen 10 is mounted on rear cover 50, to form the display surface of electronic equipment 100.Display screen 10 is as electricity The front housing of sub- equipment 100 forms an accommodating space with rear cover 50, for accommodating other electronic components or function of electronic equipment 100 It can component.Meanwhile display screen 10 forms the display surface of electronic equipment 100, for showing the information such as image, text.Display screen 10 It can be liquid crystal display (Liquid Crystal Display, LCD) or organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display screen (Organic Light-Emitting Diode, OLED) etc. types display screen.
In some embodiments, display screen 10 may include display area 11 and non-display area 12.Wherein, viewing area Domain 11 executes the display function of display screen 10, for showing the information such as image, text.Non-display area 12 does not show information.It is non- Display area 12 can be used for being arranged the functional units such as camera, receiver, display screen touch control electrode.In some embodiments, Non-display area 12 may include positioned at least one region of 11 upper and lower part of display area.
It should be noted that display screen 10 includes opposite two ends 10A and 10B.In some scenes, display screen 10 It can be with vertical screen display or transverse screen display.Herein only with the scene of 10 vertical screen display of display screen to two end 10A of display screen, 10B is illustrated.Wherein, end 10A is top when display screen 10 shows information.In general, in display screen 10 close to top 10A Display area can show the information such as time, electricity, signal strength, network type.End 10B is that display screen 10 shows information When bottom end.In general, can show that taskbar, taskbar can be used for showing close to the display area of bottom end 10B in display screen 10 Show the icon of the common application of user.
In some embodiments, display screen 10 can be screen comprehensively.At this point, display screen 10 can be displayed in full screen information, from And electronic equipment 100 has biggish screen accounting.Display screen 10 only includes display area 11, without including non-display area.This When, the functional units such as camera, proximity sensor in electronic equipment 100 can be hidden in 10 lower section of display screen, and electronics is set Standby 100 fingerprint recognition mould group can be set at the back side of electronic equipment 100.
Center 20 can be lamellar or laminar structure, or the frame structure with through-hole.Wherein, center 20 can be housed in the accommodating space that above-mentioned display screen 10 is formed with rear cover 50.Center 20 is used for as the whole of electronic equipment 100 Body structure provides a supporting role, and electronic component, the functional unit in electronic equipment 100 are mounted together, and is formed complete Electronic equipment.For example, the functional units such as camera, receiver, circuit board, battery in electronic equipment 100 can be installed to To be fixed on center 20.
Circuit main board 30 is mounted on inside above-mentioned accommodating space.For example, circuit main board 30 may be mounted at the center 20 On, and be housed in above-mentioned accommodating space together with center 20.Circuit main board 30 can be the mainboard of electronic equipment 100.Wherein, The processor of electronic equipment 100 can be set on circuit main board 30.Motor, Mike can also be integrated on circuit main board 30 Wind, loudspeaker, receiver, earphone interface, Universal Serial Bus Interface (USB interface), camera, range sensor, environment light One in the functional units such as sensor, gyroscope, it is two or more.Meanwhile display screen 10 can be electrically connected to circuit main board 30。
In some embodiments, display control circuit is provided on circuit main board 30.The display control circuit is to display 10 output electric signal of screen, shows information to control display screen 10.
Battery 40 is mounted on inside above-mentioned accommodating space.For example, battery 40 may be mounted on the center 20, and in Frame 20 is housed in together in above-mentioned accommodating space.Battery 40 can be electrically connected to the circuit main board 30, to realize that battery 40 is Electronic equipment 100 is powered.Wherein, electric power management circuit can be set on circuit main board 30.The electric power management circuit is used for The each electronic component voltage that battery 40 provides being assigned in electronic equipment 100.
Rear cover 50 is used to form the exterior contour of electronic equipment 100.Rear cover 50 can be integrally formed.In the molding of rear cover 50 In the process, the structures such as rear camera hole, fingerprint recognition mould group mounting hole can be formed on rear cover 50.
In some embodiments, rear cover 50 can be the metals such as metal back cover, such as magnesium alloy, stainless steel.It needs to illustrate , the material of the rear cover 50 of the embodiment of the present application is not limited to this, and can also use other way, such as rear cover 50 that can be Plastic cement rear cover, also for example rear cover 50 can be ceramic rear cover.For another example rear cover 50 may include plastic portions and metal part, Rear cover 50 can be metal and the mutually matched rear cover structure of plastic cement.Specifically, can first forming metal part, such as using note The mode of modeling forms magnesium alloy substrate, and the injection moulding plastic again on magnesium alloy substrate forms plastic substrate, to form complete rear cover Structure.
It should be noted that rear cover 50 and center 20 can be mutually permanently connected to form a shell structure, rear cover 50 is in Frame 20 can also be integrally formed to form a shell structure.
Compared to above-described embodiment, electronic equipment described in the embodiment of the present application further includes antenna module 60.With communication Development, present communication apparatus fast many in transmission speed, can support and more apply, bring the better network body of user It tests.And one of them core technology is exactly that joined new wideband operation frequency band, such as N77 (3.3~4.2GHz) and N79 (4.4~4.99GHz) two frequency bands, then also because of the broadband properties of N77 and N79, so that in the movement with metal edge frame The antenna of such wideband is designed in terminal into a problem.
In the embodiment of the present application to solve the above-mentioned problems, a kind of antenna module is provided.The antenna 60 is done below It is specific to introduce.
Fig. 3 is please referred to 6, wherein the embodiment of the present application provides a kind of antenna module 60, which includes metal Main part 61 and metal edge frame 62.The metal master portion 61 is a slab construction, and the metal master portion 61 includes opposite sets The first end 61A and the second end 61B that set and the first side 61C and second side 61D that are oppositely arranged.The metal master Body portion 61 is equipped with the first gap 611 and the second gap 612.First gap 611 is adjacent with the first end 61A to be set It sets, first gap extends to the first side 61C and the second side 61D from the two sides of the first end 61A. Second gap 612 is disposed adjacent with the second end 61B, second gap 612 from the second end 61B two Side extends to the first side 61C and the second side 61D.The metal edge frame 62 is arranged in the metal master portion 61 Periphery.First gap 611 is towards forming the first radiator 6211 on the metal edge frame 62 of the first end 61A With the second radiator 6221, third radiator 6231 and the 4th spoke are formed on the metal edge frame 62 in second gap, 612 outside Beam 6241.First radiator 6211 is connected with the first sub- radiator 6212 and forms first antenna structure 621, and described second Radiator 6221 is connected with the second sub- radiator 6222 and forms the second antenna structure 622, and the third radiator 6231 is connected with The sub- radiator 6232 of third forms third cable architecture, and the 4th radiator 6241 is connected with the 4th sub- radiator 6242 and forms the Four antenna structures 624;The first antenna structure 621, the second antenna structure 622, third antenna structure 623 and the 4th antenna 624 switchable antenna transmission band of structure.
Wherein, the metal edge frame 62 can be magnesium alloy frame, which can be with metal master portion 61 1 It is body formed, such as the injection molding in a mold by the way of metal injection molded, for another example by the way of machining one at Type is also such as fixedly connected by welding.Wherein, nonmetallic materials are equipped in the gap.
Because of first antenna structure 621, the second antenna structure 622, third antenna structure 623 and the 4th antenna structure 624 Be made of multistage radiator, can make in this way first antenna structure 621, the second antenna structure 622, third antenna structure 623, The length of 4th antenna structure 624 increases, to improve first antenna structure 621, the second antenna structure 622, third antenna knot Then the radiating bands range of structure 623, the 4th antenna structure 624 passes through the switching of antenna transmission frequency range, so that first antenna knot Structure 621, the second antenna structure 622, third antenna structure 623 and the 4th antenna structure 624 can form multiple-input, multiple-output (Multiple-Input Multiple-Output, MIMO) antenna is used for while emitting or receiving similar frequency bands aerial signal, Meet higher antenna requirements.
It should be noted that the first antenna structure 621, the second antenna structure 622, third antenna structure 623 and Four antenna structures 624 can be-F antenna (inverted-F Antenna), loop aerial (Loop antenna), gap day The forms such as line (Slot antenna), to the first antenna structure 621, the second antenna structure 622, in the embodiment of the present application Triantennary structure 623 and 624 specific constructive form of the 4th antenna structure are simultaneously not specifically limited.It should be understood that described first Antenna structure 621, the second antenna structure 622, third antenna structure 623 and the 4th antenna structure 624 can use flexible circuit Sheet metal forming technique (Flexible printed circuit), laser formation technique (Laser Direct Structuring), The formation such as printed antenna technology (Print Direct Structuring), first antenna structure described in the embodiment of the present application 621, the specific molding mode of the second antenna structure 622, third antenna structure 623 and the 4th antenna structure 624 is not done specifically yet It limits.
Wherein, first radiator 6211 and the first sub- radiator 6212 are connected by first connecting portion 6216, Second radiator 6221 and the second sub- radiator 6222 are connected by second connecting portion 6226, the third radiator 6231 and the sub- radiator 6232 of the third pass through third interconnecting piece 6236 connect, the 4th radiator 6241 and the described 4th Sub- radiator 6242 is connected by the 4th interconnecting piece 6246.Specifically, the first connecting portion 6216, second connecting portion 6226, Third interconnecting piece 6236 and the 4th interconnecting piece 6246 can be the structures such as spring leaf, spring needle, to institute in the embodiment of the present application State first connecting portion 6216, second connecting portion 6226, third interconnecting piece 6236 and the specific structure shape of the 4th interconnecting piece 6246 Formula is simultaneously not specifically limited.
First radiator 6211 and the first sub- radiator 6212 are connected by first connecting portion 6216, it is described Second radiator 6221 and the second sub- radiator 6222 are connected by second connecting portion 6226, the third radiator 6231 It is connected with the sub- radiator 6232 of the third by third interconnecting piece 6236, the 4th radiator 6241 and the 4th sub- spoke Beam 6242 is connected by the 4th interconnecting piece 6246.It can make the length for increasing first antenna structure 621 in this way, to improve First antenna structure 621, the second antenna structure 622, third antenna structure 623, the 4th antenna structure 624 radiating bands model It encloses, secondly, using above-mentioned connection type, can connect that mode is more flexible, facilitate the layout of electronic equipment internal.
Wherein, first support 641 and second support 642, the first support 641 are provided in the metal master portion 61 Positioned at the first end 61A, the second end 61B is located at the second end 61B, first sub- 6212 He of radiator Second sub- radiator 6222 is mounted in the first support 641, the sub- radiator 6232 of the third and the 4th sub- radiator 6242 are mounted in the second support 642.It should be noted that the first support 641 and second support 642 can be integrated Molding can also be provided separately, and the first support 641 and second support 642 are mainly used for fixing the described first sub- radiator 6212, the sub- radiator 6232 of the second sub- radiator 6222, third and the 4th sub- radiator 6242, specifically, card can be passed through It detains and the modes such as fixes, is screwed, to the first support 641 and second support 642 to described first in the embodiment of the present application The sub- radiator 6232 of sub- radiator 6212, the second sub- radiator 6222, third and the 4th specific fixation side of sub- radiator 6242 Formula is simultaneously not specifically limited.
Wherein, the first support 641 is equipped with the first grounding point 651, the second grounding point 652, the second support 642 It is equipped with third grounding point 653 and the 4th grounding point 654, the first sub- radiator 6212 passes through the first frequency range switching module 6215 connect with first grounding point 651, and the second sub- radiator 6222 passes through the second frequency range switching module 6225 and institute The connection of the second grounding point 652 is stated, the sub- radiator 6232 of third is connect by third frequency range switching module 6235 with the third Place 653 connects, and the 4th sub- radiator 6242 is connected by the 4th frequency range switching module 6245 with first grounding point 651 It connects.
It should be noted that the first antenna structure 621, the second antenna structure 622, third antenna structure 623 and 4th antenna structure 624 passes through the first frequency range switching module 6215, the second frequency range switching module 6225, the switching of third frequency range respectively Module 6235 and the 4th frequency range switching module 6245 switch over.By the switching of antenna transmission frequency range, so that first antenna Structure 621, the second antenna structure 622, third antenna structure 623 and the 4th antenna structure 624 can form multiple-input, multiple-output (Multiple-Input Multiple-Output, MIMO) antenna is used for while emitting or receiving similar frequency bands aerial signal, Meet higher antenna requirements.
Wherein, the first antenna structure 621, the second antenna structure 622, third antenna structure 623 and the 4th antenna Structure 624 can transmit the aerial signal of at least two frequency ranges.Specifically, 621, second days knots of the first antenna structure Structure 622, third antenna structure 623 and the 4th antenna structure 624 can at least transmit N77 (3.3~4.2GHz), N79 (4.4 ~4.99GHz) etc. multiple frequency ranges aerial signal, for example, the first antenna structure 621, the second antenna structure 622, third Antenna structure 623 and the 4th antenna structure 624 can include three states with transmission band, and first state is transmission N77 The aerial signal of (3.3~4.2GHz), second state are the aerial signal for transmitting N79 (4.4~4.99GHz), third shape State is the signal for being transmitted in Wi-Fi 2.4 (2.4~2.484GHz) or Wi-Fi 5G (5.15~5.85GHz), by described First frequency range switching module 6215, the second frequency range switching module 6225, third frequency range switching module 6235 and the 4th frequency range are cut Mold changing block 6245 switches over.
For example, aerial signal includes the antenna letter of two N77 (3.3~4.2GHz), N79 (4.8GHz~5GHz) frequency ranges Number, 4 signal sources emit the aerial signal of N77 frequency range simultaneously, and 4 frequency range switching modules adjust internal circuit, make its correspondence Antenna structure the antenna signal transmission of the N78 frequency range is gone out.When needing to emit the aerial signal of N79 frequency range, 4 signals Source emits the aerial signal of N79 frequency range simultaneously, and 4 frequency range switching modules adjust internal circuit, make its corresponding antenna structure The antenna signal transmission of the N79 frequency range is gone out.It can be achieved with two frequencies in this way, not needing more antenna structures are additionally arranged The antenna signal transmission of section and reception.
It should be noted that frequency range switching module may include multiple adjustment circuits according to the demand of aerial signal frequency range. For example, aerial signal includes the aerial signal of three frequency ranges, frequency range switching module includes three circuits adjusted, is respectively corresponded The aerial signal of one frequency range.
Wherein, first radiator 6211 is equipped with the connection of the first feed end 6213 described in the first feed end 6,213 first Signal source 6214, second antenna structure 622 are equipped with the second feed end 6223, the connection of the second feed end 6,223 second Signal source 6224, the third antenna structure 623 are equipped with third feed end 6233, and the third feed end 6233 connects third Signal source 6234, the 4th antenna structure 624 are equipped with the 4th feed end 6243, the 4th feed end 6243 connection the 4th Signal source 6244.
Wherein, first gap 611 is run through towards the metal edge frame 62 the first opening 631 and the second opening 632, First radiator 6211 is disposed adjacent with first opening 631, second radiator 6221 and second opening 632 are disposed adjacent.
Wherein, first opening 631 is located at the first side 61C, and second opening 632 is located at described second side Side 61D.Certainly, first opening 631 or second side 61D, the second opening 632 are located at the first side 61C, The position of first opening 631 and the second opening 632 is opposite, it is therefore to be understood that the first opening 631 and the second opening 632 can do place-exchange.
Wherein, first opening 631 and second opening 632 are symmetrical along 61 longitudinal center line of metal master portion Setting.Certainly, it is also not necessary to along 61 longitudinal center line pair of metal master portion for first opening 631 and the second opening 632 Claim setting, specific limit is not done for the positional symmetry relationship of the first opening 631 and the second opening 632 in the embodiment of the present application It is fixed.
Wherein, first gap 611 is run through towards the metal edge frame 62 third opening 633 and the 4th opening 634, The third radiator 6231 is adjacent with third opening 633, the 4th radiator 6241 and 634 phases of the 4th opening It is adjacent.
Wherein, the third opening 633 is located at the first side 61C, and the 4th opening 634 is located at second side 61D, the third opening 633 and the 4th opening 634 are symmetrical arranged along 61 longitudinal center line of metal master portion.When So, third opening 633 and the 4th opening 634 be along 61 longitudinal center line of metal master portion it is also not necessary to be symmetrical arranged, In the embodiment of the present application for third opening 633 and the 4th opening 634 positional symmetry relationship and be not specifically limited.
Wherein, first opening 631 and the second opening 632 are open with third opening 633 and the 4th 634 along described 61 cross central line of metal master portion is symmetrical arranged.Certainly described first opening 631 and the second opening 632 are open with the third 633 and the 4th opening 634 or asymmetric setting.It does not do and excessively repeats herein.
Wherein, first radiator 6211 and the second radiator 6221 and the third radiator 6231 and the 4th radiation Body 6241 is symmetrical arranged along 61 cross central line of metal master portion.Certain first radiator 6211 and the second radiator 6221 asymmetric can also be arranged with the third radiator 6231 and the 4th radiator 6241.It does not do and excessively repeats herein.
Antenna module 60 and electronic equipment provided by the embodiment of the present application, the antenna module 60 include metal master portion 61, the metal master portion 61 is a slab construction, and the metal master portion 61 includes the first end 61A that is oppositely arranged and the The two end 61B and first side 61C and second side 61D being oppositely arranged, the metal master portion 61 are equipped with the first seam Gap 611 and the second gap 612, first gap 611 are disposed adjacent with the first end 61A, second gap 612 with The second end 61B is disposed adjacent;The periphery in the metal master portion 61, first gap is arranged in metal edge frame 62 The first radiator 6211 and the second radiator 6221 are formed on the metal edge frame 62 in 611 outsides, outside second gap 612 Third radiator 6231 and the 4th radiator 6241 are formed on the metal edge frame 62 of side;First radiator 6211 is connected with One sub- radiator 6212 forms first antenna structure 621, and second radiator 6221 is connected with the second sub- 6222 shape of radiator At the second antenna structure 622, the third radiator 6231 is connected with the sub- radiator 6232 of third and forms third cable architecture, described 4th radiator 6241 is connected with the 4th sub- radiator 6242 and forms the 4th antenna structure 624;The first antenna structure 621, 624 switchable antenna transmission band of second antenna structure 622, third antenna structure 623 and the 4th antenna structure.First antenna Structure 621, the second antenna structure 622, third antenna structure 623 and the 4th antenna structure 624 can realize antenna transmission frequency range Switching, it is antenna multiplexed using the progress of existing antenna structure, so as to facilitate transmitting and/or receive the antenna letter of multiple frequency ranges Number, meet higher antenna requirements.
Referring to Fig. 7, Fig. 7 is the another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.The electronic equipment Including radio-frequency module 80 and antenna module 60, radio-frequency module 60 is connect with antenna module 80, and antenna module 60 is above-described embodiment In antenna module 60.
Referring to Fig. 8, wherein, the embodiment of the present application also provides a kind of electronic equipment, which may include control Circuit processed, the control circuit may include storage and processing circuit 71.The storage and processing circuit 71 can store device, such as firmly Dish driving memory, nonvolatile memory (such as flash memory or be used to form solid state drive other electronic programmables it is read-only Memory etc.), volatile memory (such as either statically or dynamically random access memory etc.) etc., the embodiment of the present application does not limit System.Processing circuit in storage and processing circuit 71 can be used for the operating of controlling electronic devices 70.The processing circuit can be with base In one or more microprocessors, microcontroller, digital signal processor, baseband processor, power management unit, audio, which is compiled, to be solved Code device chip, specific integrated circuit, display-driver Ics etc. are realized.
Storage and processing circuit 71 can be used for running the software in electronic equipment 70, such as the Internet browser application program, Voice over internet protocol (Voice over Internet Protocol, VOIP) call application program, Email are answered With program, media play-back application, operation system function etc..These softwares can be used for executing some control operations, for example, Image Acquisition based on camera, the ambient light measurement based on ambient light sensor, the proximity sensor based on proximity sensor Measurement, the information display function that the positioning indicators such as status indicator lamp based on light emitting diode are realized are passed based on touching The touch event of sensor detects, function associated with information show on multiple (such as layering) displays, with execution nothing The associated operation of line communication function, operation associated with collecting and generating audio signal, presses with collection and treatment button Other functions etc. in the associated control operation of event data and electronic equipment 70, the embodiment of the present application is with no restriction.
Electronic equipment 70 can also include input-output circuit 72.Input-output circuit 72 can be used for making electronic equipment 70 Realize outputting and inputting for data, i.e. permission electronic equipment 70 allows electronic equipment 70 that will count from outer equipment receiving data and also According to from the output of electronic equipment 70 to external equipment.Input-output circuit 72 may further include sensor 73.Sensor 73 can To include ambient light sensor, the proximity sensor based on light and capacitor, touch sensor is (for example, be based on light touch sensor And/or capacitive touch sensors, wherein touch sensor can be a part of touching display screen, can also be used as one Touch sensor arrangement independently uses), acceleration transducer and other sensors etc..
Input-output circuit 72 can also include one or more displays, such as display 74.Display 74 can wrap Include liquid crystal display, organic light emitting diode display, electronic ink display, plasma display uses other display skills One or several kinds of combination in the display of art.Display 74 may include touch sensor array (that is, display 74 can be with It is touching display screen).Touch sensor can be by transparent touch sensor electrode (such as tin indium oxide (ITO) electrode) battle array The capacitive touch sensors formed are arranged, or can be the touch sensor formed using other touching techniques, such as sound wave Touch-control, pressure sensible touch, resistive touch, optical touch etc., the embodiment of the present application is with no restriction.
Electronic equipment 70 can also include audio component 75.Audio component 75 can be used for providing audio for electronic equipment 70 Output and input function.Audio component 75 in electronic equipment 70 may include loudspeaker, microphone, buzzer, tone generation Device and other components for being used to generate and detect sound.
Telecommunication circuit 76 can be used for providing the ability with external device communication for electronic equipment 70.Telecommunication circuit 76 can be with Radio communication circuit including analog- and digital- input-output interface circuit, and based on radiofrequency signal and/or optical signal.Communication Radio communication circuit in circuit 76 may include radio-frequency transceiver circuitry, power amplifier circuit, low-noise amplifier, open Pass, filter and antenna.For example, the radio communication circuit in telecommunication circuit 76 may include for by transmitting and reception Near-field coupling electromagnetic signal supports the circuit of near-field communication (Near Field Communication, NFC).For example, communication Circuit 76 may include near-field communication aerial and near-field communication transceiver.Telecommunication circuit 76 can also include cellular telephone transceiver And antenna, wireless lan transceiver circuit and antenna etc..
Electronic equipment can further include battery, power management circuitry and other input-output units 77.Input- Output unit 77 may include button, control stick, click wheel, scroll wheel, touch tablet, keypad, keyboard, camera, shine two Pole pipe and other positioning indicators etc..
User can input a command for the operation of controlling electronic devices 70 by input-output circuit 72, and can make Status information and other outputs from electronic equipment 70 are received with the output data of input-output circuit 72 to realize.
In the above-described embodiments, it all emphasizes particularly on different fields to the description of each embodiment, there is no the portion being described in detail in some embodiment Point, reference can be made to the related descriptions of other embodiments.
Antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application and electronic equipment are described in detail above, it is used herein The principle and implementation of this application are described for specific case, and the above embodiments are only used to help understand The application.Meanwhile for those skilled in the art, according to the thought of the application, in specific embodiments and applications There will be changes, in conclusion the contents of this specification should not be construed as limiting the present application.

Claims (15)

1. a kind of antenna module characterized by comprising
Metal master portion, the metal master portion are a slab construction, and the metal master portion includes the first end being oppositely arranged Portion and the second end and the first side and second side being oppositely arranged, the metal master portion are equipped with the first gap and the Two gaps, first gap are disposed adjacent with the first end, and second gap is disposed adjacent with the second end;
Metal edge frame is arranged in the periphery in the metal master portion, is formed on the metal edge frame on the outside of first gap First radiator and the second radiator form third radiator and the 4th radiation on the metal edge frame on the outside of second gap Body;
First radiator is connected with the first sub- radiator and forms first antenna structure, and second radiator is connected with second Sub- radiator forms the second antenna structure, and the third radiator is connected with the sub- radiator of third and forms third cable architecture, described 4th radiator is connected with the 4th sub- radiator and forms the 4th antenna structure;
The first antenna structure, the second antenna structure, third antenna structure and the transmission of the 4th antenna structure switchable antenna Frequency range.
2. antenna module according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first radiator and the first sub- radiator It being connected by first connecting portion, second radiator is connected with the described second sub- radiator by second connecting portion, and described Three radiators are connected with the sub- radiator of the third by third interconnecting piece, the 4th radiator and the 4th sub- radiator It is connected by the 4th interconnecting piece.
3. antenna module according to claim 2, which is characterized in that be provided in the metal master portion first support and Second support, the first support are located at the first end, and the second end is located at the second end, first son Radiator and the second sub- radiator are mounted in the first support, and the sub- radiator of the third and the 4th sub- radiator are mounted on In the second support.
4. antenna module according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the first support is equipped with the first grounding point, the Two grounding points, the second support are equipped with third grounding point and the 4th grounding point, and the first sub- radiator passes through first Frequency range switching module is connect with first grounding point, and the second sub- radiator passes through the second frequency range switching module and described the The connection of two grounding points, the sub- radiator of third are connect by third frequency range switching module with the third grounding point, and described the Four sub- radiators are connect by the 4th frequency range switching module with first grounding point.
5. antenna module according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first radiator is equipped with the first feed end, First feed end connects the first signal source, and second antenna structure is equipped with the second feed end, second feed end Second signal source is connected, the third antenna structure is equipped with third feed end, and the third feed end connects third signal source, 4th antenna structure is equipped with the 4th feed end, and the 4th feed end connects fourth signal source.
6. antenna module according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first gap is run through towards the metal edge frame There are the first opening and the second opening, first radiator is disposed adjacent with first opening, second radiator and institute The second opening is stated to be disposed adjacent.
7. antenna module according to claim 6, which is characterized in that first opening is located at the first side, institute It states the second opening and is located at the second side.
8. antenna module according to claim 7, which is characterized in that first opening is with second opening along described Metal master portion longitudinal center line is symmetrical arranged.
9. antenna module according to claim 8, which is characterized in that first gap is run through towards the metal edge frame There are third opening and the 4th opening, the third radiator and third opening are adjacent, the 4th radiator and described the Four openings are adjacent.
10. antenna module according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the third opening is located at the first side, institute It states the 4th opening and is located at second side, the third opening and the 4th opening are along metal master portion longitudinal center line pair Claim setting.
11. antenna module according to claim 10, which is characterized in that the first opening and the second opening and described the Three openings and the 4th opening are symmetrical arranged along metal master portion cross central line.
12. antenna module according to claim 10, which is characterized in that between first opening and second opening It is formed with the 5th radiator, is formed with the 6th radiator between the third opening and the 4th opening.
13. antenna module according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first radiator and the second radiator and institute Third radiator and the 4th radiator is stated to be symmetrical arranged along metal master portion cross central line.
14. antenna module according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the first antenna structure, the second antenna structure, Third antenna structure and the 4th antenna structure can at least transmit the aerial signal of two frequency ranges.
15. a kind of electronic equipment, which is characterized in that including radio-frequency module and antenna module, the radio-frequency module and the antenna Component connection, the antenna module are the described in any item antenna modules of claim 1-14.
CN201810866950.0A 2018-08-01 2018-08-01 Antenna assembly and electronic equipment Active CN109066056B (en)

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