CN109046707B - Heavy calcium carbonate's apparatus for producing - Google Patents

Heavy calcium carbonate's apparatus for producing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109046707B
CN109046707B CN201810734284.5A CN201810734284A CN109046707B CN 109046707 B CN109046707 B CN 109046707B CN 201810734284 A CN201810734284 A CN 201810734284A CN 109046707 B CN109046707 B CN 109046707B
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China
Prior art keywords
iron
box
plate
crusher
conveying belt
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CN201810734284.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109046707A (en
Inventor
张金凤
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Dexing Longxing Calcium Industry Co ltd
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Dexing Longxing Calcium Industry Co ltd
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Priority to CN201810734284.5A priority Critical patent/CN109046707B/en
Publication of CN109046707A publication Critical patent/CN109046707A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • B08B3/022Cleaning travelling work

Abstract

The invention provides a production device of heavy calcium carbonate, which comprises a crusher, a cleaning mechanism, a crusher, a screening mechanism, a first iron removal mechanism, a grinder and a second iron removal mechanism, wherein the crusher and the crusher realize material conveying through a first conveying belt, and the first conveying belt penetrates through the cleaning mechanism; rubbing crusher and screening mechanism realize the material through the second conveyer belt and carry, screening mechanism is equipped with coarse grain export and fine grain export, coarse grain export realizes the material with rubbing crusher through the third conveyer belt and carries, the material is carried through the fourth conveyer belt with first deironing mechanism to the fine grain export, first deironing mechanism realizes the material with grinding the machine through the fifth conveyer belt and carries, grind machine and second deironing mechanism and realize the material through the sixth conveyer belt and carry, novel structure, can wash the raw and other materials of production heavy calcium carbonate, reduce the influence of mud to product quality, and adopt dual deironing step, reduce the iron content of heavy calcium carbonate product, and the product quality is improved.

Description

Heavy calcium carbonate's apparatus for producing
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of heavy calcium carbonate production equipment, in particular to a production device of heavy calcium carbonate.
Background
Heavy calcium carbonate, called heavy calcium for short, is a common powdery inorganic filler, and has the advantages of high chemical purity, large inertia, difficult chemical reaction, good thermal stability, no decomposition at the temperature of below 400 ℃, high whiteness, low oil absorption rate, low refractive index, soft quality, dryness, no crystal water, low hardness, low abrasion value, no toxicity, no odor, good dispersibility and the like;
the prior art generally adopts a physical grinding method to grind natural carbonate minerals such as calcite, marble and limestone; the purity of the product mainly depends on the impurity content of the ore, the general crude heavy calcium carbonate ore contains a small amount of iron, the iron removal process is rarely carried out in the continuous production process of the heavy calcium carbonate, or the iron powder is removed by a general horizontal iron remover, so that the problems of uneven iron removal and unclean iron removal are easily caused, and the quality of the heavy calcium carbonate product is influenced; and the raw materials are easy to be adhered with sludge impurities in the carrying process, and the existing heavy calcium carbonate production equipment directly ignores the sludge cleaning step, so that the quality of the heavy calcium carbonate produced subsequently is poor.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the invention aims to provide a production device of heavy calcium carbonate, which has a novel structure, can clean raw materials for producing the heavy calcium carbonate, reduces the influence of sludge on the product quality, adopts double iron removal steps, reduces the iron content of the heavy calcium carbonate product, and improves the product quality.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the invention provides a production device of heavy calcium carbonate, which comprises a rack, and a crusher, a cleaning mechanism, a crusher, a screening mechanism, a first iron removal mechanism, a grinding machine and a second iron removal mechanism which are arranged on the rack, wherein the crusher is fixedly arranged at one end of the rack, the cleaning mechanism is positioned at one side of the crusher and is fixedly arranged on the rack, the crusher is positioned at one side of the cleaning mechanism, which is far away from the crusher, the crusher is fixedly arranged on the rack, material conveying is realized between a discharge port of the crusher and a feed port of the crusher through a first conveying belt, the first conveying belt is fixed on the rack through a bracket, and the first conveying belt penetrates through the cleaning mechanism; the screening mechanism is positioned on one side of the pulverizer, which is far away from the cleaning mechanism, the screening mechanism is fixedly installed on the rack, material conveying is realized between a discharge port of the pulverizer and a feed port of the screening mechanism through a second conveying belt, and the second conveying belt is fixed on the rack through a support; the screening mechanism is provided with a coarse grain outlet and a fine grain outlet, material conveying is achieved between the coarse grain outlet and a feed inlet of the pulverizer through a third conveying belt, and the third conveying belt is fixed on the rack through a support; the first iron removing mechanism is positioned on one side, far away from the pulverizer, of the screening mechanism, the first iron removing mechanism is fixedly installed on the rack, material conveying is achieved between the fine particle outlet and the feed inlet of the first iron removing mechanism through a fourth conveying belt, and the fourth conveying belt is fixed on the rack through a support; the grinding machine is positioned on one side, far away from the screening mechanism, of the first iron removal mechanism, the grinding machine is fixedly installed on the rack, material conveying is achieved between a discharge port of the first iron removal mechanism and a feed port of the grinding machine through a fifth conveying belt, and the fifth conveying belt is fixed on the rack through a support; the second deironing mechanism is located grind the machine and keep away from one side of first deironing mechanism, second deironing mechanism fixed mounting be in the frame, grind the discharge gate of machine with realize through the sixth conveyer belt that the material is carried between the feed inlet of second deironing mechanism, the sixth conveyer belt passes through support fixed mounting be in the frame.
In a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the cleaning mechanism comprises a cleaning and drying box and a sewage collecting box communicated with the bottom of the cleaning and drying box, the first conveying belt is a metal conveying belt, the first conveying belt penetrates through the cleaning and drying box, a spraying pipe is fixedly installed on the inner wall of the top of the cleaning and drying box, the spraying pipe is positioned on one side of the cleaning and drying box close to the crusher, one end of the spraying pipe is sealed, the other end of the spraying pipe is communicated with an external water source, a plurality of nozzles are communicated with the bottom wall of the spraying pipe, and a spraying opening of each nozzle is arranged towards the direction of the first conveying belt; the inner wall of the top of the cleaning and drying box is also fixedly provided with an air heater, the air heater is positioned on one side of the spray pipe, which is far away from the crusher, and the air outlet of the air heater is arranged towards the first conveying belt; the fixed frame is provided with a filter plate in the sewage collecting box, and the bottom of the sewage collecting box is communicated with a drain pipe.
In a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the screening mechanism comprises a feed box, a filter screen and a bearing plate are arranged on a fixed frame in the feed box, and the bearing plate is positioned below the filter screen; the filter screen with accept the equal slope setting of board, the higher end of filter screen slope is located the below of second conveyer belt blanking end, the lower end of filter screen slope is located accept the higher end of board slope top, the coarse grain export is located the lower end of filter screen slope, the fine grain export is located accept the lower end of board slope.
In a preferred technical scheme of the invention, vibration motors are fixedly arranged at the bottoms of the filter screen and the bearing plate.
In a preferred technical scheme of the invention, an included angle between the filter screen and the horizontal plane is less than 10 degrees, and an included angle between the bearing plate and the horizontal plane is 10-30 degrees.
In a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the first iron removing mechanism comprises a box body, a material guide plate is arranged on a fixed frame in the box body, and the material guide plate is obliquely arranged, and the higher inclined end of the material guide plate is positioned below a material inlet of the first iron removing mechanism; the bottom of the material guide plate is fixedly connected with a vertical plate, one side of the vertical plate and the inner wall of the box body form a first iron removing chamber, and the other side of the vertical plate and the inner wall of the box body form a second iron removing chamber; a first electromagnet is embedded on the vertical plate and penetrates through two sides of the vertical plate, a second electromagnet is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the first iron removing chamber opposite to the vertical plate, a third electromagnet is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the second iron removing chamber opposite to the vertical plate, and two independent electromagnetic fields are formed between the second electromagnet and the first electromagnet as well as between the third electromagnet and the first electromagnet; the first iron removing indoor fixed frame is provided with a first magnetic medium box, and the first magnetic medium box is positioned between the first electromagnet and the second electromagnet; the second iron removing indoor fixed frame is provided with a second magnetic medium box, the second magnetic medium box is positioned between the first electromagnet and the third electromagnet, the first magnetic medium box and the second magnetic medium box have the same structure, and the bottoms of the first magnetic medium box and the second magnetic medium box are provided with holes; a first blanking plate is obliquely arranged below the first iron removing chamber, the inclined higher end of the first blanking plate is fixedly connected with the vertical plate, a second blanking plate is obliquely arranged below the second iron removing chamber, and the inclined higher end of the second blanking plate is fixedly connected with the vertical plate; the material guide plate is provided with two square holes, a first electric gate is arranged in one square hole, a second electric gate is arranged in the other square hole, the first electric gate is positioned above the first iron removing chamber, and the second electric gate is positioned above the second iron removing chamber; square holes are formed in the first blanking plate and the second blanking plate, a third electric gate is arranged in the square hole of the first blanking plate, and a fourth electric gate is arranged in the square hole of the second blanking plate; a bearing disc is further arranged below the first blanking plate and the second blanking plate and fixed on the side wall of the box body, and the width of the bearing disc is smaller than the maximum distance between the first blanking plate and the second blanking plate and larger than the maximum distance between the third electric gate and the fourth electric gate; the second iron removing mechanism has the same structure as the first iron removing mechanism.
In a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the bottom of each of the first magnetic medium box and the second magnetic medium box is fixedly provided with a vibrator.
In a preferred technical scheme of the present invention, a first baffle is fixedly disposed on a side wall of the first deironing chamber, the first baffle is disposed in an inclined manner, and an inclined higher end of the first baffle is located below the second electromagnet, and an inclined lower end of the first baffle is located above the square hole of the first blanking plate; and a second baffle is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the second iron removing chamber, the second baffle is obliquely arranged, the higher oblique end of the second baffle is positioned below the third electromagnet, and the lower oblique end of the second baffle is positioned above the square hole of the second blanking plate.
In a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the side wall of the box body is communicated with a discharge pipe, the bottom wall in the box body is obliquely arranged, and the lower end of the oblique end is close to one side of the discharge pipe.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the second conveyor belt, the third conveyor belt, the fourth conveyor belt, the fifth conveyor belt, and the sixth conveyor belt are all baffle conveyor belts.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
the production device of the heavy calcium carbonate provided by the invention is novel in structure, and the crusher, the cleaning mechanism, the crusher, the screening mechanism, the first iron removal mechanism, the grinder and the second iron removal mechanism are sequentially arranged, so that continuous production work is realized, and the specification of heavy calcium carbonate particles is ensured to be in accordance with the product quality through multiple screening and crushing; wherein the design of wiper mechanism can wash the raw and other materials of production ground limestone, reduces the influence of mud to product quality, and the design of first deironing mechanism and second deironing mechanism has realized dual deironing step, reduces the iron content of ground limestone product, further improves product quality.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a production apparatus for ground calcium carbonate provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a cleaning mechanism provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a screening mechanism provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a first iron removal mechanism provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure:
100. a crusher; 200. a cleaning mechanism; 210. cleaning and drying the box; 220. a sewage collecting tank; 221. filtering the plate; 222. a drain pipe; 230. a shower pipe; 240. a nozzle; 250. a hot air blower; 300. a pulverizer; 400. a screening mechanism; 410. a coarse grain outlet; 420. a fines outlet; 430. a material box; 440. filtering with a screen; 450. a bearing plate; 460. a vibration motor; 500. a first iron removal mechanism; 510. a box body; 520. a material guide plate; 521. a first electric shutter; 522. a second electric shutter; 530. a vertical plate; 531. a first electromagnet; 540. a bearing plate; 600. a grinder; 700. a second iron removal mechanism; 810. a first conveyor belt; 820. a second conveyor belt; 830. a third conveyor belt; 840. a fourth conveyor belt; 850. a fifth conveyor belt; 860. a sixth conveyor belt; 910. a first iron removal chamber; 911. a first baffle plate; 920. a second iron removal chamber; 921. a second baffle; 930. a second electromagnet; 940. a third electromagnet; 950. a first magnetic media cartridge; 960. a second magnetic media cartridge; 970. a first blanking plate; 971. a third electric shutter; 980. a second blanking plate; 981. a fourth electric shutter; 990. a vibrator.
Detailed Description
The technical scheme of the invention is further explained by the specific implementation mode in combination with the attached drawings.
As shown in fig. 1, the embodiment of the present invention discloses a production apparatus of heavy calcium carbonate, which comprises a frame, and a crusher 100, a cleaning mechanism 200, a pulverizer 300, a screening mechanism 400, a first iron removing mechanism 500, a grinder 600, and a second iron removing mechanism 700 which are arranged on the frame, the crusher 100 is fixedly installed at one end of the frame, the washing mechanism 200 is located at one side of the crusher 100 and is fixedly installed on the frame, the shredder 300 is located on the side of the cleaning mechanism 200 remote from the shredder 100, the crusher 300 is fixedly installed on the frame, the material is conveyed between the discharge port of the crusher 100 and the feed port of the crusher 300 through a first conveyor belt 810, the first conveyor belt 810 is fixed on the rack through a bracket, and the first conveyor belt 810 penetrates through the cleaning mechanism 200; the screening mechanism 400 is located on one side of the pulverizer 300 away from the cleaning mechanism 200, the screening mechanism 400 is fixedly mounted on the rack, material conveying is achieved between a discharge port of the pulverizer 300 and a feed port of the screening mechanism 400 through a second conveying belt 820, and the second conveying belt 820 is fixed on the rack through a support; the screening mechanism 400 is provided with a coarse grain outlet 410 and a fine grain outlet 420, material conveying is realized between the coarse grain outlet 410 and the feed inlet of the pulverizer 300 through a third conveyer belt 830, and the third conveyer belt 830 is fixed on the rack through a bracket; the first iron removing mechanism 500 is located on one side of the screening mechanism 400 far away from the pulverizer 300, the first iron removing mechanism 500 is fixedly mounted on the rack, material conveying is achieved between the fine particle outlet 420 and a feed inlet of the first iron removing mechanism 500 through a fourth conveying belt 840, and the fourth conveying belt 840 is fixed on the rack through a support; the grinding machine 600 is located on one side of the first iron removing mechanism 500 away from the screening mechanism 400, the grinding machine 600 is fixedly mounted on the rack, material conveying is achieved between a discharge port of the first iron removing mechanism 500 and a feed port of the grinding machine 600 through a fifth conveying belt 850, and the fifth conveying belt 850 is fixed on the rack through a bracket; the second iron removing mechanism 700 is located at one side of the grinding machine 600 far away from the first iron removing mechanism 500, the second iron removing mechanism 700 is fixedly installed on the rack, material conveying is realized between a discharge port of the grinding machine 600 and a feed inlet of the second iron removing mechanism 700 through a sixth conveying belt 860, and the sixth conveying belt 860 is fixedly installed on the rack through a support.
The production device of heavy calcium carbonate provided by the invention has a novel structure, and the crusher 100, the cleaning mechanism 200, the pulverizer 300, the screening mechanism 400, the first iron removal mechanism 500, the grinder 600 and the second iron removal mechanism 700 which are sequentially arranged realize continuous production work, and ensure that the specification of heavy calcium carbonate particles meets the product quality through multiple screening and crushing; the design of the cleaning mechanism 200 can clean the raw materials for producing the heavy calcium carbonate, reduce the influence of sludge on the product quality, and the design of the first iron removal mechanism 500 and the second iron removal mechanism 700 realizes double iron removal steps, reduces the iron content of the heavy calcium carbonate product, and further improves the product quality.
More specifically, when the heavy calcium carbonate production device works, firstly, large materials are fed into a feeding machine and sent to the crusher 100, the materials are crushed into small crushed stones under the action of the crusher 100, then the small crushed stones are driven by the first conveying belt 810 to pass through the cleaning mechanism 200, and the crushed stones are cleaned and dried; the cleaned crushed stone is sent to the crusher 300, and is further crushed to obtain heavy calcium carbonate particles, the heavy calcium carbonate particles enter the screening mechanism 400 through the second conveyer belt 820, part of the unqualified heavy calcium carbonate particles are screened out and sent back to the crusher 300 through the third conveyer belt 830, and the qualified heavy calcium carbonate particles are conveyed to the first iron removal mechanism 500 by the fourth conveyor 840, the heavy calcium carbonate particles subjected to primary iron removal by the first iron removal mechanism 500 enter the grinding machine 600 under the conveying of the fifth conveyor 850 to be further ground and ground to obtain heavy calcium carbonate powder, finally the heavy calcium carbonate powder enters the second iron removal mechanism 700 under the conveying of the sixth conveyor 860, and the heavy calcium carbonate powder is subjected to secondary iron removal by the second iron removal mechanism 700 and is conveyed out to obtain high-quality heavy calcium carbonate powder.
It should be noted that the crusher 100 may be a jaw crusher, a hammer crusher, a counterimpact crusher, a cone crusher, a roller crusher, etc.; the pulverizer 300 may be a Raymond mill, a ball mill, a rotary impact mill, a vibratory mill, or the like; the grinder 600 may be a ring roller mill, a roller mill, or the like; the first conveyor belt 810, the second conveyor belt 820, the third conveyor belt 830, the fourth conveyor belt 840, the fifth conveyor belt 850, and the sixth conveyor belt 860 are each driven by one conveyor motor.
Further, as shown in fig. 2, the cleaning mechanism 200 includes a cleaning and drying box 210 and a sewage collecting box 220 communicated with the bottom of the cleaning and drying box 210, the first conveyor belt 810 is a metal conveyor belt, the first conveyor belt 810 is disposed through the cleaning and drying box 210, a spray pipe 230 is fixedly mounted on the inner wall of the top of the cleaning and drying box 210, the spray pipe 230 is located on one side of the cleaning and drying box 210 close to the crusher 100, one end of the spray pipe 230 is sealed, the other end of the spray pipe is communicated with an external water source, a plurality of nozzles 240 are communicated with the bottom wall of the spray pipe 230, and spray openings of the nozzles 240 are arranged toward the first conveyor belt 810; the inner wall of the top of the cleaning and drying box 210 is further fixedly provided with an air heater 250, the air heater 250 is located on one side of the spray pipe 240 far away from the crusher 100, and an air outlet of the air heater 250 is arranged towards the first conveyor belt 810; the fixed frame in the sewage collecting tank 220 is provided with a filter plate 221, and the bottom of the sewage collecting tank 220 is communicated with a drain pipe 222.
When the cleaning mechanism 200 is in operation, an external water source continuously supplies water to the spray pipe 230, clean water is sprayed from the spray nozzle 240 through the spray pipe 230, and the raw material moving along with the first conveyor belt 810 is sprayed and washed when passing through the spray pipe 230 and the lower part of the spray nozzle 240, so that sludge attached to the raw material is removed; the hot air blower 250 is also in a working state all the time, and the raw materials after primary cleaning are dried when passing below the hot air blower 250; the first conveying belt 810 is a mesh-shaped metal conveying belt wound by stainless steel wires, water drops from the first conveying belt 810 into the sewage collection tank 220 in the spraying and drying processes, a filter plate 221 is erected in the sewage collection tank 220, and small broken stones falling in the washing process are screened out by the filter plate 221, so that the sewage treatment in the later period is facilitated; the drain pipe 222 communicated with the bottom of the sewage collecting tank 220 facilitates the outward discharge and collection of sewage, and reduces waste.
Further, as shown in fig. 3, the screening mechanism 400 includes a bin 430, a filter screen 440 and a receiving plate 450 are fixed in the bin 430, and the receiving plate 450 is located below the filter screen 440; the strainer 440 and the receiving plate 450 are both disposed in an inclined manner, the higher inclined end of the strainer 440 is located below the blanking end of the second conveyor 820, the lower inclined end of the strainer 440 is located above the higher inclined end of the receiving plate 450, the coarse outlet 410 is located at the lower inclined end of the strainer 440, and the fine outlet 420 is located at the lower inclined end of the receiving plate 450; screening mechanism 400's design can be categorised the material after once smashing, prevents that great granule from getting into next grinding link, avoids influencing normal grinding work, ensures whole crushing, grinding effect, improves product quality.
Further, the bottom of the filter screen 440 and the bottom of the bearing plate 450 are both fixedly provided with a vibration motor 460; the design of vibrating motor 460 can accelerate the filtering and screening, and can accelerate the transportation of the material, thereby improving the efficiency of the whole screening work.
Further, the included angle between the filter screen 440 and the horizontal plane is less than 10 degrees, and the included angle between the bearing plate 450 and the horizontal plane is 10 degrees to 30 degrees; the included angle between the filter screen 440 and the horizontal plane is less than 10 degrees, so that the material can be prevented from sliding down too fast, the retention time of the material on the filter screen 440 is prolonged, and the filtering effect is ensured; the inclination angle of the receiving plate 450 is larger than that of the filter screen 440, so that the sliding of the screened materials can be accelerated, the accumulation is prevented, and the subsequent processing action is facilitated.
Further, as shown in fig. 4, the first iron removing mechanism 500 includes a box 510, a material guiding plate 520 is fixed in the box 510, the material guiding plate 520 is disposed in an inclined manner, and the inclined end of the material guiding plate 520 is located below the material inlet of the first iron removing mechanism 500; a vertical plate 530 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the material guide plate 520, a first iron removing chamber 910 is formed by one side of the vertical plate 530 and the inner wall of the box body 510, and a second iron removing chamber 920 is formed by the other side of the vertical plate 530 and the inner wall of the box body 520; a first electromagnet 531 is embedded on the vertical plate 530, the first electromagnet 531 penetrates through two sides of the vertical plate 530, a second electromagnet 930 is fixedly installed on the side wall of the first iron removing chamber 910 opposite to the vertical plate 530, a third electromagnet 940 is fixedly installed on the side wall of the second iron removing chamber 920 opposite to the vertical plate 530, and two independent electromagnetic fields are formed between the second electromagnet 930 and the first electromagnet 531, and between the third electromagnet 940 and the first electromagnet 531; a first magnetic medium box 950 is arranged in the first iron removing chamber 910, and the first magnetic medium box 950 is located between the first electromagnet 531 and the second electromagnet 930; a second magnetic medium box 960 is arranged on a fixed frame in the second iron removing chamber 920, the second magnetic medium box 960 is positioned between the first electromagnet 531 and the third electromagnet 940, the first magnetic medium box 950 and the second magnetic medium box 960 have the same structure, and the bottoms of the first magnetic medium box and the second magnetic medium box 960 are provided with pores; a first blanking plate 970 is obliquely arranged below the first iron removing chamber 910, the inclined higher end of the first blanking plate 970 is fixedly connected with the vertical plate 530, a second blanking plate 980 is obliquely arranged below the second iron removing chamber 920, and the inclined higher end of the second blanking plate 980 is fixedly connected with the vertical plate 530; two square holes are formed in the material guide plate 520, a first electric gate 521 is arranged in one square hole, a second electric gate 522 is arranged in the other square hole, the first electric gate 521 is positioned above the first iron removing chamber 910, and the second electric gate 522 is positioned above the second iron removing chamber 920; square holes are formed in the first blanking plate 970 and the second blanking plate 980, a third electric gate 971 is arranged in the square hole of the first blanking plate 970, and a fourth electric gate 981 is arranged in the square hole of the second blanking plate 980; a receiving tray 540 is further disposed below the first blanking plate 970 and the second blanking plate 980, the receiving tray 540 is fixed to a side wall of the box body 510, and the width of the receiving tray 540 is smaller than the maximum distance between the first blanking plate 970 and the second blanking plate 980 and larger than the maximum distance between the third electric gate 971 and the fourth electric gate 981; the second iron removing mechanism 700 has the same structure as the first iron removing mechanism 500.
When the first iron removing mechanism 500 works, after the material enters the box 510, the material flows along the material guide plate 520, first, the first electromagnet 531 and the second electromagnet 930 are energized, the third electromagnet 940 is de-energized, the first electromagnet 531 and the second electromagnet 930 form an electromagnetic field in the first iron removing chamber 910, so that the first magnetic medium box 950 is magnetized, then the first electric gate 521 is opened, the material drops into the first magnetic medium box 950, the iron powder is magnetically adsorbed by the first magnetic medium box 950, the heavy calcium carbonate particles drop from the pores at the bottom of the first magnetic medium box 950 and slide to the bottom of the box along the first material dropping plate 970, after the first electric gate 521 is opened for a preset time length, the first electric gate 521 is closed, and simultaneously, the second electromagnet 930 is de-energized, the first electromagnet 531 is electrified, the third electromagnet 940 is electrified, an electromagnetic field is formed in the second iron removing chamber 920, the second magnetic medium box 960 is magnetized, the second electric gate 522 is opened, the materials fall into the second magnetic medium box 960, the iron powder is magnetically adsorbed by the second magnetic medium box 960, the heavy calcium carbonate particles fall from the pores at the bottom of the second magnetic medium box 960 and slide to the bottom of the box 500 along the second blanking plate 980, and after the preset time length for opening the second electric gate 522 is reached, the second electric gate 522 is closed and the first electric gate 521 is opened for repeated work; during the period of opening the second electric gate 522, the third electric gate 971 is opened, the second electromagnet 930 is powered off, the magnetic field effect in the first deironing chamber 910 disappears, the magnetism of the first magnetic medium box 950 disappears, and the iron powder attached to the first magnetic medium box 950 falls down and slides along the third electric gate 971 onto the receiving tray 540; similarly, during the period when the first electric shutter 521 is opened, the fourth electric shutter 981 is opened, the third electromagnet 940 is powered off, the magnetic field effect in the second deferrization chamber 920 disappears, the magnetism of the second magnetic medium box 960 disappears, and the iron powder attached to the second magnetic medium box 960 falls off and slides along the fourth electric shutter 971 onto the receiving tray 540; it should be noted that the second iron removing mechanism 700 is the same as the first iron removing mechanism 500 and has the same working principle, and the iron powder stored on the receiving tray 540 needs to be cleaned by a worker at regular time.
Further, the bottom of the first magnetic medium box 950 and the bottom of the second magnetic medium box 960 are both fixedly provided with a vibrator 990; the design of the vibrator 990 can accelerate the falling of the heavy calcium carbonate particles and powder and accelerate the iron removal step, thereby improving the working efficiency.
Further, a first baffle 911 is fixedly arranged on a side wall of the first iron removing chamber 910, the first baffle 911 is arranged in an inclined manner, and an inclined higher end of the first baffle 911 is located below the second electromagnet 930, and an inclined lower end of the first baffle is located above the square hole of the first blanking plate 970; a second baffle 921 is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the second iron removing chamber 920, the second baffle 921 is arranged in an inclined manner, the inclined higher end is positioned below the third electromagnet 940, and the inclined lower end is positioned above the square hole of the second blanking plate 980; the design of first baffle 911 and second baffle 921 ensures that can follow when iron fillings drop first flitch 970 and second flitch 980's quad slit gets into in the tray 540, prevent that iron fillings secondary from dropping to the box 510 bottom, avoid influencing product quality.
Furthermore, a discharge pipe is communicated with the side wall of the box body 510, the bottom wall of the interior of the box body 510 is obliquely arranged, and the lower end of the oblique part is close to one side of the discharge pipe; the bottom of the box body 510 is obliquely arranged, so that powdery heavy calcium carbonate can be discharged completely, and the whole working flow is prevented from being accumulated and influenced.
Further, the second conveyor belt 820, the third conveyor belt 830, the fourth conveyor belt 840, the fifth conveyor belt 850, and the sixth conveyor belt 860 are all baffled conveyor belts; the baffle type conveying belt is suitable for conveying particles or powdery substances, and meets the condition of form change in the production process of the heavy calcium carbonate.
While the invention has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. The present invention is not to be limited by the specific embodiments disclosed herein, and other embodiments that fall within the scope of the claims of the present application are intended to be within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. A production device of heavy calcium carbonate is characterized in that:
comprises a frame, a crusher (100), a cleaning mechanism (200), a crusher (300), a screening mechanism (400), a first iron removing mechanism (500), a grinder (600) and a second iron removing mechanism (700) which are arranged on the frame, the crusher (100) is fixedly arranged at one end of the frame, the cleaning mechanism (200) is positioned at one side of the crusher (100) and is fixedly arranged on the frame, the crusher (300) is positioned on the side of the cleaning mechanism (200) away from the crusher (100), the crusher (300) is fixedly arranged on the frame, a material is conveyed between a discharge hole of the crusher (100) and a feed hole of the crusher (300) through a first conveying belt (810), the first conveying belt (810) is fixed on the rack through a bracket, and the first conveying belt (810) penetrates through the cleaning mechanism (200); the screening mechanism (400) is located on one side, away from the cleaning mechanism (200), of the pulverizer (300), the screening mechanism (400) is fixedly installed on the rack, material conveying is achieved between a discharge hole of the pulverizer (300) and a feed inlet of the screening mechanism (400) through a second conveying belt (820), and the second conveying belt (820) is fixed on the rack through a support; the screening mechanism (400) is provided with a coarse grain outlet (410) and a fine grain outlet (420), material conveying is achieved between the coarse grain outlet (410) and a feed inlet of the pulverizer (300) through a third conveying belt (830), and the third conveying belt (830) is fixed on the rack through a support; the first iron removing mechanism (500) is positioned on one side, away from the pulverizer (300), of the screening mechanism (400), the first iron removing mechanism (500) is fixedly installed on the rack, material conveying is achieved between the fine particle outlet (420) and a feed inlet of the first iron removing mechanism (500) through a fourth conveying belt (840), and the fourth conveying belt (840) is fixed on the rack through a support; the grinding machine (600) is positioned on one side, away from the screening mechanism (400), of the first iron removing mechanism (500), the grinding machine (600) is fixedly installed on the rack, material conveying is achieved between a discharge hole of the first iron removing mechanism (500) and a feed hole of the grinding machine (600) through a fifth conveying belt (850), and the fifth conveying belt (850) is fixed on the rack through a support; the second iron removing mechanism (700) is positioned on one side of the grinding machine (600) far away from the first iron removing mechanism (500), the second iron removing mechanism (700) is fixedly installed on the rack, material conveying is achieved between a discharge hole of the grinding machine (600) and a feed hole of the second iron removing mechanism (700) through a sixth conveying belt (860), and the sixth conveying belt (860) is fixedly installed on the rack through a bracket;
the cleaning mechanism (200) comprises a cleaning and drying box (210) and a sewage collection box (220) communicated with the bottom of the cleaning and drying box (210), the first conveying belt (810) is a metal conveying belt, the first conveying belt (810) penetrates through the cleaning and drying box (210), a spray pipe (230) is fixedly installed on the inner wall of the top of the cleaning and drying box (210), the spray pipe (230) is located on one side, close to the crusher (100), of the cleaning and drying box (210), one end of the spray pipe (230) is sealed, the other end of the spray pipe is communicated with an external water source, a plurality of nozzles (240) are communicated with the bottom wall of the spray pipe (230), and spray openings of the nozzles (240) are arranged towards the direction of the first conveying belt (810); the inner wall of the top of the cleaning and drying box (210) is also fixedly provided with an air heater (250), the air heater (250) is positioned on one side of the spray pipe (240) far away from the crusher (100), and an air outlet of the air heater (250) faces the first conveying belt (810); the fixed frame in sewage collecting box (220) is equipped with filter plate (221), the bottom intercommunication of sewage collecting box (220) is equipped with drain pipe (222).
2. The apparatus for producing heavy calcium carbonate according to claim 1, wherein:
the screening mechanism (400) comprises a feed box (430), a filter screen (440) and a receiving plate (450) are arranged on a fixed frame in the feed box (430), and the receiving plate (450) is positioned below the filter screen (440); the filter screen (440) and the receiving plate (450) are both obliquely arranged, the obliquely higher end of the filter screen (440) is positioned below the blanking end of the second conveyor belt (820), the obliquely lower end of the filter screen (440) is positioned above the obliquely higher end of the receiving plate (450), the coarse grain outlet (410) is arranged at the obliquely lower end of the filter screen (440), and the fine grain outlet (420) is arranged at the obliquely lower end of the receiving plate (450).
3. The apparatus for producing heavy calcium carbonate according to claim 2, wherein:
and the filter screen (440) and the bottom of the bearing plate (450) are fixedly provided with vibration motors (460).
4. The apparatus for producing heavy calcium carbonate according to claim 2, wherein:
the included angle between the filter screen (440) and the horizontal plane is less than 10 degrees, and the included angle between the bearing plate (450) and the horizontal plane is 10-30 degrees.
5. The apparatus for producing heavy calcium carbonate according to claim 1, wherein:
the first iron removing mechanism (500) comprises a box body (510), a material guide plate (520) is arranged on a fixed frame in the box body (510), the material guide plate (520) is obliquely arranged, and the higher end of the oblique material guide plate is positioned below a material inlet of the first iron removing mechanism (500); a vertical plate (530) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the material guide plate (520), a first iron removing chamber (910) is formed by one side of the vertical plate (530) and the inner wall of the box body (510), and a second iron removing chamber (920) is formed by the other side of the vertical plate (530) and the inner wall of the box body (520); a first electromagnet (531) is embedded on the vertical plate (530), the first electromagnet (531) penetrates through two sides of the vertical plate (530), a second electromagnet (930) is fixedly installed on the side wall, opposite to the vertical plate (530), of the first iron removing chamber (910), a third electromagnet (940) is fixedly installed on the side wall, opposite to the vertical plate (530), of the second iron removing chamber (920), and two independent electromagnetic fields are formed between the second electromagnet (930) and the first electromagnet (531), and between the third electromagnet (940) and the first electromagnet (531); a first magnetic medium box (950) is arranged on a fixed frame in the first iron removing chamber (910), and the first magnetic medium box (950) is positioned between the first electromagnet (531) and the second electromagnet (930); a second magnetic medium box (960) is arranged on a fixed frame in the second iron removing chamber (920), the second magnetic medium box (960) is positioned between the first electromagnet (531) and the third electromagnet (940), the first magnetic medium box (950) and the second magnetic medium box (960) have the same structure, and the bottoms of the first magnetic medium box and the second magnetic medium box are provided with holes; a first blanking plate (970) is obliquely arranged below the first iron removing chamber (910), the inclined higher end of the first blanking plate (970) is fixedly connected with the vertical plate (530), a second blanking plate (980) is obliquely arranged below the second iron removing chamber (920), and the inclined higher end of the second blanking plate (980) is fixedly connected with the vertical plate (530); the material guide plate (520) is provided with two square holes, a first electric gate (521) is arranged in one square hole, a second electric gate (522) is arranged in the other square hole, the first electric gate (521) is positioned above the first iron removing chamber (910), and the second electric gate (522) is positioned above the second iron removing chamber (920); square holes are formed in the first blanking plate (970) and the second blanking plate (980), a third electric gate (971) is arranged in the square hole of the first blanking plate (970), and a fourth electric gate (981) is arranged in the square hole of the second blanking plate (980); a receiving disc (540) is further arranged below the first blanking plate (970) and the second blanking plate (980), the receiving disc (540) is fixed on the side wall of the box body (510), and the width of the receiving disc (540) is smaller than the maximum distance between the first blanking plate (970) and the second blanking plate (980) and larger than the maximum distance between the third electric gate (971) and the fourth electric gate (981); the second iron removing mechanism (700) has the same structure as the first iron removing mechanism (500).
6. The apparatus for producing heavy calcium carbonate according to claim 5, wherein:
the bottom of the first magnetic medium box (950) and the bottom of the second magnetic medium box (960) are both fixedly provided with a vibrator (990).
7. The apparatus for producing heavy calcium carbonate according to claim 5, wherein:
a first baffle (911) is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the first iron removing chamber (910), the first baffle (911) is obliquely arranged, the higher oblique end is positioned below the second electromagnet (930), and the lower oblique end is positioned above the square hole of the first blanking plate (970); the lateral wall of second deironing room (920) is gone up the fixed second baffle (921 that is equipped with, second baffle (921) slope setting, and the higher end of slope is located the below of third electro-magnet (940), the lower end of slope is located the quad slit top of flitch (980) under the second.
8. The apparatus for producing heavy calcium carbonate according to claim 5, wherein:
the side wall of the box body (510) is communicated with a discharge pipe, the bottom wall of the interior of the box body (510) is obliquely arranged, and the lower end of the oblique part is close to one side of the discharge pipe.
9. The apparatus for producing heavy calcium carbonate according to claim 1, wherein:
the second conveyor belt (820), the third conveyor belt (830), the fourth conveyor belt (840), the fifth conveyor belt (850), and the sixth conveyor belt (860) are all baffled conveyor belts.
CN201810734284.5A 2018-07-06 2018-07-06 Heavy calcium carbonate's apparatus for producing Active CN109046707B (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2801282Y (en) * 2005-06-16 2006-08-02 王东民 Production system of coarse whiting ultrafine powder
KR20120003044A (en) * 2010-07-02 2012-01-10 (주)정우기전 Freight car transportation type recycling system for waste concrete rails
CN203355840U (en) * 2013-06-27 2013-12-25 潍坊正远粉体工程设备有限公司 Production line for manufacturing sand through ball-milling
CN104971816A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-10-14 河南中利精细化工有限公司 Fine processing process for heavy calcium carbonate raw materials
CN106040404A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-10-26 新乡市长城机械有限公司 Grinding, sorting and refining treatment system and method for steel slag
CN106984417A (en) * 2017-06-01 2017-07-28 洛阳建材建筑设计研究院有限公司 A kind of production technology of heavy calcium carbonate superfine micro mist ore-dressing plant
CN206980954U (en) * 2017-07-27 2018-02-09 德兴市龙兴钙业有限公司 Superfine heavy calcium carbonate depolymerizer

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2801282Y (en) * 2005-06-16 2006-08-02 王东民 Production system of coarse whiting ultrafine powder
KR20120003044A (en) * 2010-07-02 2012-01-10 (주)정우기전 Freight car transportation type recycling system for waste concrete rails
CN203355840U (en) * 2013-06-27 2013-12-25 潍坊正远粉体工程设备有限公司 Production line for manufacturing sand through ball-milling
CN104971816A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-10-14 河南中利精细化工有限公司 Fine processing process for heavy calcium carbonate raw materials
CN106040404A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-10-26 新乡市长城机械有限公司 Grinding, sorting and refining treatment system and method for steel slag
CN106984417A (en) * 2017-06-01 2017-07-28 洛阳建材建筑设计研究院有限公司 A kind of production technology of heavy calcium carbonate superfine micro mist ore-dressing plant
CN206980954U (en) * 2017-07-27 2018-02-09 德兴市龙兴钙业有限公司 Superfine heavy calcium carbonate depolymerizer

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