CN109042823A - A kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller and its method for stripping shell - Google Patents

A kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller and its method for stripping shell Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109042823A
CN109042823A CN201811086224.3A CN201811086224A CN109042823A CN 109042823 A CN109042823 A CN 109042823A CN 201811086224 A CN201811086224 A CN 201811086224A CN 109042823 A CN109042823 A CN 109042823A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shrimp
feed conveyor
shell
guide rod
conveyor belt
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Granted
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CN201811086224.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109042823B (en
Inventor
方慧敏
胡如方
赵文英
杨萍
耿慧莲
徐东旭
张志磊
吴朗
葛向阳
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Anhui Technical College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
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Anhui Technical College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
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Priority to CN201811086224.3A priority Critical patent/CN109042823B/en
Publication of CN109042823A publication Critical patent/CN109042823A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A22BUTCHERING; MEAT TREATMENT; PROCESSING POULTRY OR FISH
    • A22CPROCESSING MEAT, POULTRY, OR FISH
    • A22C29/00Processing shellfish or bivalves, e.g. oysters, lobsters; Devices therefor, e.g. claw locks, claw crushers, grading devices; Processing lines
    • A22C29/02Processing shrimps, lobsters or the like ; Methods or machines for the shelling of shellfish
    • A22C29/024Opening, shelling or peeling shellfish
    • A22C29/026Mechanically peeling and shelling shrimps, prawns or other soft-shelled crustaceans
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention relates to marine products processing fields, in particular to a kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller and its method for stripping shell, including machine table, decorticator includes feed conveyor, auxiliary conveyor belt, primary pinch-off device, passive disconnecting device and pre- peeling apparatus, the inclined top for being set up in machine table of feed conveyor, auxiliary conveyor belt is in the horizontal lower section for being set to feed conveyor side, several first jigs and the second jig are respectively equipped in feed conveyor and the transport plane of auxiliary conveyor belt, and the conveying direction of the two is parallel, primary pinch-off device and pre- peeling apparatus are set to the outside of auxiliary conveyor belt, the top of feed conveyor, which is equipped with, draws housing apparatus and takes filling device, primary pinch-off device, pre- peeling apparatus, it draws housing apparatus and filling device is taken successively to be alternatively arranged setting along the conveying direction of feed conveyor, passive disconnecting device, which is set to, to be supplied Expect between conveyer belt and auxiliary conveyor belt, the present invention can peel off automatically to the shrimp body after decaptitating, and the processing efficiency of product is greatly improved.

Description

A kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller and its method for stripping shell
Technical field
The present invention relates to marine products processing field, in particular to a kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller and its method for stripping shell.
Background technique
Sea shrimp is also referred to as red shrimp, red shrimp, big freshwater shrimp etc., is the general name of aquatic products, the meat of marine products shrimp or entirety.Sea shrimp nutritional ingredient Abundant, delicious flavour can do catering also and can be used as medicinal material use.Sea shrimp be distributed mainly on the Huanghai Sea, the Bohai Sea and to the north of entrance of Changjiang River it is each Sea area is special product of China.
Sea shrimp after collection, needs to carry out it sale of various ways, wherein there is shrimp living now to sell or go sea shrimp Head and peel off the shrimp body to obtain peeled shrimp and sell, wherein prawn body peel off process be generally adopted by investment it is a large amount of manually into Row is peeled off manually, and which efficiency is very slow, is unable to satisfy the processing work of large batch of sea shrimp.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned deficiencies in the prior art, it is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller and its side of peeling off Method.
To solve the above problems, the present invention the following technical schemes are provided:
A kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller, including machine table, decorticator include feed conveyor, auxiliary conveyor belt, primary Pinch-off device, passive disconnecting device and pre- peeling apparatus, the inclined top for being set up in machine table of feed conveyor, auxiliary transmission Band is in the horizontal lower section for being set to feed conveyor side, and the transporting flat of the two constitutes 115 degree of obtuse angle setting, and feed passes Send be respectively equipped in the transport plane of band and auxiliary conveyor belt it is several along conveying direction the first jig arranged at equal interval and Two jigs, and the conveying direction of the two is parallel, primary pinch-off device and pre- peeling apparatus are set to the outside of auxiliary conveyor belt, The top of feed conveyor, which is equipped with, draws housing apparatus and takes filling device, and primary pinch-off device, pre- peeling apparatus draw housing apparatus and take filling Device is successively alternatively arranged setting along the conveying direction of feed conveyor, and also all close to the downstream of feed conveyor, Passive disconnecting device is set between feed conveyor and auxiliary conveyor belt.
Further, the arc groove of the shrimp body upper semisection for accommodating sea shrimp is offered on the outside of first jig, the One jig is made of sponge material, and all first jigs are oppositely arranged with second jig respectively.
Further, the first clamping plate and second that second jig includes supporting plate and is distributed at the top of supporting plate in fork-shaped Clamping plate, supporting plate are fixed on the transporting flat of auxiliary conveyor belt, and the middle part of first clamping plate and second clamping plate is hinged by torsional spring, and And the torsional spring is in the normal state down, first clamping plate and second clamping plate constitute a V less than 10 degree towards one end of feed conveyor Type material folding mouth.
Further, the passive disconnecting device includes the upper guide rod of two cutting blades and setting symmetrical above and below under Guide rod, the level height of lower guide rod are slightly above auxiliary conveyor belt, and upper guide rod corresponds to feed conveyor, and upper guide rod is under The extending direction of guide rod is parallel with the conveying direction of feed conveyor, and the two is also respectively close to auxiliary conveyor belt And feed conveyor, upper guide rod and lower guide rod close to feed conveyor downstream rear end therewith there are spacing, two Cutting blade is symmetrically set in the rear end of lower guide rod, and constitutes cut for enterable after the lower guide rod of shrimp body disengaging therebetween Disconnected slideway, the cut surface of two cutting blades are oppositely arranged.
Further, the primary pinch-off device includes the first air-actuated jaw, thrust cylinder and two arc panels, the first gas The dynamic inclined top for being set up in auxiliary conveyor belt of fixture, and its clamping end corresponds to the rear end of lower guide rod, and first is pneumatic The lateral attitude of fixture and the conveying direction of auxiliary conveyor belt constitute 40 degree of angle, and two arc panels are respectively welded at the first gas On one clamping end of dynamic fixture, and the concave surface of the two is oppositely arranged, and an arc is respectively equipped in the concave surface of two arc panels Shape slice, thrust cylinder is to drive radially movable setting of first air-actuated jaw along lower guide rod.
Further, the pre- peeling apparatus corresponds to cutting blade and is arranged far from the end of lower guide rod, dress of peeling off in advance It sets including two mounting plates, a Bidirectional-screw regulating part and a gas bar, two mounting plate bilateral symmetries and inclined erection In the top of auxiliary conveyor belt, and the inclined direction of the two is parallel with the inclined direction of the first air-actuated jaw, two installations Plate is respectively equipped with a shell-rinding wheel close to the front end of upper guide rod, and the middle section of the two is respectively equipped with one to drive respectively Peel off motor of the shell-rinding wheel of position around own axis, the rear end of the output end of Bidirectional-screw regulating part and two mounting plates Transmission connection, and for both driving opposite or being arranged backwards to horizontal anomalous movement, gas bar to drive Bidirectional-screw regulating part and Two mounting plates are close to or far from upper guide rod.
Further, the drawing housing apparatus includes the second air-actuated jaw and overturning motor, and the second air-actuated jaw passes through overturning What motor can rotate is set up in the outside of feed conveyor, and the clamping end of the second air-actuated jaw is symmetrically arranged with two plasticity clampings Item.
Further, described to take filling device include third air-actuated jaw and lifting cylinder, and third air-actuated jaw is in being inverted simultaneously By lifting cylinder can the vertical movable top set on feed conveyor, third air-actuated jaw and lifting cylinder are respectively positioned on confession Expect the middle of conveyer belt and auxiliary conveyor belt, the clamping end of third air-actuated jaw is symmetrically arranged with the material folding of two arcuate structures The top of item, lifting cylinder is equipped with to drive it to rotate out of the shifting material motor between feed conveyor and auxiliary conveyor belt.
A kind of automatic method for stripping shell of sea shrimp, comprising the following steps:
Step 1: being manually in the upstream end of feed conveyor, and the shrimp tail of the shrimp body after prior decaptitating is placed in one It in one the second jig, is placed in first jig by shrimp body upper semisection, shrimp body is in towards feed conveyor hypsokinesis appearance at this time State is between feed conveyor and auxiliary conveyor belt;
Step 2: the shrimp body being located in the first jig and the second jig is driven by feed conveyor is synchronous with auxiliary conveyor belt Start building to make, make its downstream end direction advance, and the shell of the shrimp body close to shrimp portion gradually split by folder, draw and Shell etc. is drawn, specific steps are as follows:
1, shrimp body reaches primary pinch-off device region, and housing perimeter in shrimp body close to shrimp tail region domain is used symmetrical expression by it Folder is split;
2, shell is cut off in slideway by press from both sides that the shrimp body split reaches that two cutting blades in passive disconnecting device constitute, by Continue the power that moves forward in the shrimp body, the shrimp shell close to shrimp tail region domain is cut since frictional force is constituted with cutting blade, is further made It is upper semisection shell and shrimp endpiece shell that the shrimp shell, which is obtained, by thorough truncation;
3, it is truncated after the shrimp body for upper semisection shell and shrimp endpiece shell marches to pre- peeling apparatus region, it should by it The tip portion of the upper semisection shell of shrimp body pulls out, it is promoted to be partially separated with shrimp generation;
4, the shrimp body after upper semisection shell and shrimp are partially separated, which marches to, draws housing apparatus region, will be outside the upper semisection by it Shell is completely separated with shrimp, subsequent that filling device is being taken to separate whole shrimp with shrimp endpiece shell, finally obtains peeled shrimp.
The utility model has the advantages that a kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller of the invention and its method for stripping shell, manually take the lead in the shrimp tail of shrimp body When merging in the second jig, limit first bypasses upper guide rod, i.e., between upper guide rod and feed conveyor, is then bypassing Lower guide rod, that is, descend between guide rod and auxiliary conveyor belt, and shrimp tail is in the second jig at this time, and shrimp body upper semisection is in first In the arc groove of jig, the front part of the upper semisection is limited by the outer surface of upper guide rod, prevents shrimp body from leaning forward, shrimp body Lower semisection is supported close to the part of shrimp tail by lower guide rod, the above guide rod and lower guide rod constitute prawn body Sufficiently limit and guide support purpose, promote shrimp body stable can live between auxiliary conveyor belt and feed conveyor It is dynamic;Shrimp body first marches to primary pinch-off device, and it carries out folder by it and split close to the shrimp shell of shrimp portion, continues on immediately It is cut off in slideway to what two cutting blades were constituted, cunning is being cut off due to traveling power in the shrimp shell region which had previously been split by folder When movable in road, cut by the cut surface of cutting blade, promote the shrimp shell region sufficiently to be split, the shrimp body continues on immediately To pre- peeling apparatus region, and by the device shrimp shell of shrimp body upper semisection is completely separated with shrimp portion, and shrimp shell Top pulls out a part outside shrimp body top, is continued on immediately to housing apparatus region is drawn, which is pulled out by drawing housing apparatus, The shrimp of upper semisection then is obtained, the shrimp is marched to remaining shrimp tail meat and shell parts at this time takes filling device region, The shrimp of upper semisection is by taking the active force of filling device to extract the shrimp in shrimp tail together out, and in extraction, shrimp tail relies on the second jig Force fit take filling device, after taking filling, lifting cylinder pass through immediately shifting material motor rotation, promote the shrimp to rotate out of auxiliary Outside between conveyer belt and feed conveyor is being discharged, and the present invention can peel off automatically to the shrimp body after decaptitating, Greatly improve the processing efficiency of product.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is schematic perspective view one of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 1 at A;
Fig. 3 is floor map one of the invention;
Fig. 4 is floor map two of the invention;
Fig. 5 is schematic perspective view two of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 5 at B;
Fig. 7 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 5 at C;
Fig. 8 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 5 at D;
Fig. 9 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 5 at E;
Figure 10 is schematic perspective view three of the invention;
Figure 11 is sectional perspective structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Figure 12 is the enlarged drawing in Figure 11 at F;
Description of symbols: feed conveyor 1, the first jig 1a, arc groove 1b.
Auxiliary conveyor belt 2, the second jig 2a, supporting plate 2b, first clamping plate 2c, second clamping plate 2d, V-type material folding mouth 2t.
Primary pinch-off device 3, the first air-actuated jaw 3a, thrust cylinder 3b, arc panel 3c, arc slice 3d.
Passive disconnecting device 4, cutting blade 4a cut off slideway 4b, upper guide rod 4c, lower guide rod 4d.
Pre- peeling apparatus 5, mounting plate 5a, Bidirectional-screw regulating part 5b, gas bar 5c, shell-rinding wheel 5d, peel off motor 5e, shaft coupling Device 5k.
Housing apparatus 6 is drawn, the second air-actuated jaw 6a overturns motor 6b, plasticity clamping strip 6c.
Filling device 7 is taken, third air-actuated jaw 7a, lifting cylinder 7b, material folding 7c move material motor 7d.
Shrimp body 8.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings of the specification and embodiment, specific embodiments of the present invention are described in further detail:
Referring to figs. 1 to a kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller shown in Figure 12, including machine table, decorticator includes feed transmission Band 1, auxiliary conveyor belt 2, primary pinch-off device 3, passive disconnecting device 4 and pre- peeling apparatus 5, the inclined frame of feed conveyor 1 Set on the top of machine table, auxiliary conveyor belt 2 is in the horizontal lower section for being set to 1 side of feed conveyor, and the conveying of the two is flat The obtuse angle that face constitutes 115 degree is arranged, be respectively equipped in the transport plane of feed conveyor 1 and auxiliary conveyor belt 2 it is several along it is defeated Direction the first jig 1a arranged at equal interval and the second jig 2a are sent, and the conveying direction of the two is parallel, primary pinch off dress Set 3 and pre- peeling apparatus 5 be set to the outside of auxiliary conveyor belt 2, the top of feed conveyor 1, which is equipped with, draws housing apparatus 6 and filling is taken to fill 7 are set, primary pinch-off device 3, pre- peeling apparatus 5 draw housing apparatus 6 and take conveying direction of the filling device 7 successively along feed conveyor 1 It is alternatively arranged setting, and the downstream also all close to feed conveyor 1, passive disconnecting device 4 is set to 1 He of feed conveyor Between auxiliary conveyor belt 2.
The arc groove 1b of 8 upper semisection of shrimp body for accommodating sea shrimp is offered on the outside of the first jig 1a, first controls Tool 1a is made of sponge material, and all first jig 1a are oppositely arranged with a second jig 2a respectively;Manually by prior decaptitating 8 upper semisection of shrimp body merging arc groove 1b in, the limit mesh of anti-hypsokinesis and left and right displacement is carried out to the shrimp body 8 by arc groove 1b 's;It is that excessive shrimp body 8 is squeezed into that first jig 1a, which is adapted to thickness size heterogeneity not for sponge material,.
The first clamping plate 2c and second that the second jig 2a includes supporting plate 2b and is distributed at the top of supporting plate 2b in fork-shaped Clamping plate 2d, supporting plate 2b are fixed on the transporting flat of auxiliary conveyor belt 2, pass through torsion in the middle part of first clamping plate 2c and second clamping plate 2d Spring is hinged, and the torsional spring is in the normal state down, and first clamping plate 2c and second clamping plate 2d constitute one towards one end of feed conveyor 1 A V-type material folding mouth 2t less than 10 degree;The artificial upstream end for being located at feed conveyor 1, i.e., manually by the shrimp body 8 of decaptitating in identical The posture of angle between auxiliary conveyor belt 2 and feed conveyor 1, first by manually controlling in 2 upstream of auxiliary conveyor belt The V-type material folding mouth 2t for constituting first clamping plate 2c and second clamping plate 2d in the second jig 2a at end, purpose second jig 2a Angle expand, promote shrimp portion that can be placed in vertically, unclamp first clamping plate 2c and second clamping plate 2d, the two rely on torsional spring It resets, the V-type material folding mouth 2t after reset becomes smaller, and purpose clamps shrimp tail, its 8 upper semisection of shrimp body is simultaneously placed in arc groove In 1b, so that shrimp body 8 stablizes the carry out activity between auxiliary conveyor belt 2 and feed conveyor 1 of being in.
Upper guide rod 4c and lower guiding of the passive disconnecting device 4 including two cutting blade 4a and setting symmetrical above and below Bar 4d, the level height of lower guide rod 4d are slightly above auxiliary conveyor belt 2, and upper guide rod 4c corresponds to feed conveyor 1, upper guide rod The extending direction of 4c and lower guide rod 4d are parallel with the conveying direction of feed conveyor 1, and the two also respectively close to The rear end of auxiliary conveyor belt 2 and feed conveyor 1, upper guide rod 4c and lower guide rod 4d close to 1 downstream of feed conveyor is equal Therewith there are spacing, two cutting blade 4a are symmetrically set in the rear end of lower guide rod 4d, and constitute therebetween de- for shrimp body 8 Enterable from after lower guide rod 4d to cut off slideway 4b, the cut surface of two cutting blade 4a is oppositely arranged;Manually by shrimp body 8 When shrimp tail is taken the lead in the second jig 2a of merging, limit first bypasses upper guide rod 4c, i.e., upper guide rod 4c and feed conveyor 1 Between, lower guide rod 4d then is being bypassed, that is, is being descended between guide rod 4d and auxiliary conveyor belt 2, shrimp tail is in the second jig at this time In 2a, 8 upper semisection of shrimp body is in the arc groove 1b of the first jig 1a, and the front part of the upper semisection is by the outer of upper guide rod 4c Surface is limited, and prevents shrimp body 8 from leaning forward, 8 lower semisection of shrimp body, i.e., is supported close to the part of shrimp tail by lower guide rod 4d, The above guide rod 4c and lower guide rod 4d constitute the abundant limit and guide support purpose of prawn body 8, promote shrimp body 8 steady Fixed is delivered to downstream by it between auxiliary conveyor belt 2 and feed conveyor 1;Shrimp body 8 is detached from upper guide rod 4c and leads under To after bar 4d, shrimp body 8, which enters, to be cut off in slideway 4b, and one end of the corresponding lower guide rod 4d of the cut surface of cutting blade 4a is equipped with transition Circular arc, the transition arc promote shrimp body 8 that can smoothly enter into cut off in slideway 4b, and shrimp body 8 is continued reliance on cutting off in slideway 4b When auxiliary conveyor belt 2 and feed conveyor 1 move, the shell of shrimp body 8 and the cut surface of cutting blade 4a generate CONTACT WITH FRICTION, therefore By cutting blade 4a to the cutting purpose of the shell of the shrimp body 8, so that the shrimp shell is cut and is split.
The primary pinch-off device 3 includes the first air-actuated jaw 3a, thrust cylinder 3b and two arc panel 3c, and first is pneumatic The inclined top for being set up in auxiliary conveyor belt 2 fixture 3a, and its clamping end corresponds to the rear end of lower guide rod 4d, the first gas The lateral attitude of dynamic fixture 3a and the conveying direction of auxiliary conveyor belt 2 constitute 40 degree of angle, and two arc panel 3c are respectively welded On a clamping end of the first air-actuated jaw 3a, and the concave surface of the two is oppositely arranged, and is divided in the concave surface of two arc panel 3c Not She You arc be sliced 3d, thrust cylinder 3b is to drive the first air-actuated jaw 3a to set along lower the radially movable of guide rod 4d It sets;Both auxiliary conveyor belt 2 and feed conveyor 1 synchronous working, after the driving of shrimp body 8 to 3 region of corresponding primary pinch-off device, Thrust cylinder 3b drives the first air-actuated jaw 3a to be directed downwardly toward bar 4d and approaches at this time, after, the clamping of the first air-actuated jaw 3a End is now in release conditions, that is, normality, at this point, since the first air-actuated jaw 3a is close to lower guide rod 4d, then it is pressed from both sides Two arc panel 3c for holding end are then in the left and right sides of corresponding shrimp body 8, and the first air-actuated jaw 3a works at this time, according to the first gas The principle of dynamic fixture 3a, two arc panel 3c are moved toward one another, and purpose is close, and two arc slice 3d come into full contact with shrimp body 8 at this time The shrimp shell of outer surface promotes shrimp shell by chucking power, is broken, then this is indicated, the clamping stroke ten of the first air-actuated jaw 3a It is point of short duration, it is fine motion, and specific clamping force and spacing are only in that prawn shell carries out pinch off according to being actually previously set Purpose, purpose make dynamics not and influence the shrimp in shrimp shell.
The pre- peeling apparatus 5 corresponds to cutting blade 4a and is arranged far from the end of lower guide rod 4d, and pre- peeling apparatus 5 wraps Two mounting plate 5a, a Bidirectional-screw regulating part 5b and a gas bar 5c are included, two mounting plate 5a bilateral symmetries are simultaneously inclined It is set up in the top of auxiliary conveyor belt 2, and the inclined direction of the two is parallel with the inclined direction of the first air-actuated jaw 3a, two A mounting plate 5a is respectively equipped with a shell-rinding wheel 5d close to the front end of upper guide rod 4c, and the middle section of the two is respectively equipped with one To drive peel off motor 5e of the shell-rinding wheel 5d of respective position around own axis, the output end of Bidirectional-screw regulating part 5b It is connect with the rear-end transmission of two mounting plate 5a, and for driving the two opposite or being arranged backwards to horizontal anomalous movement, gas bar 5c is used To drive Bidirectional-screw regulating part 5b and two mounting plate 5a close to or far from upper guide rod 4c;It is processed through primary pinch-off device 3 Shrimp body 8 afterwards is continued on to cutting off in slideway 4b, by the passive acting in cutting slideway, promotes the finger of the shell of the shrimp body 8 Determine region and cut to split, further illustrate, two arcs slice 3d are face cutting slideway, so two in the operating condition Arc is sliced 3d and cooperates two cutting blade 4a, constitutes prawn body 8 and specifies the sufficient broken shell purpose of the outer peripheral surface in region, the region It is close to shrimp tail region domain;And the shrimp body 8 is continued on to pre- 5 region of peeling apparatus, and gas bar 5c drives two-way silk at this time Bar regulating part 5b and two mounting plate 5a are close to upper guide rod 4c, that is, along the radially movable of upper guide rod 4c, due to above leading To the rear end of bar 4c and the downstream of feed conveyor 1, there are spacing, and shrimp body 8 at this time is not contacted with upper guide rod 4c, then According to two mounting plate 5a close to after the stroke of the shrimp body 8, two shell-rinding wheel 5d are respectively at the left and right sides of the shrimp body 8, so Bidirectional-screw regulating part 5b works afterwards, so that two mounting plate 5a are moved toward one another, promotes two shell-rinding wheel 5d and 8 appearance of shrimp body Face contact, the motor 5e that then peels off drive respective shell-rinding wheel 5d to rotate by shaft coupling 5k, and in rotation, shell-rinding wheel 5d contacts shrimp The shell of body 8, and at this time shell-rinding wheel 5d it is corresponding be the shrimp body 8 upper semisection, due to the rotation of two shell-rinding wheel 5d so that The shrimp shell of 8 upper semisection of shrimp body is pulled power, is separated by the region part being broken in advance with shrimp tail, it is therefore intended that so that shrimp body The shrimp shell top of 8 upper semisections separates a distance with shrimp, i.e. top extends in outer, reduces the work of pre- peeling apparatus 5 in this way Time allows subsequent device to carry out next step operation to the shrimp body 8.
The drawing housing apparatus 6 includes that the second air-actuated jaw 6a and overturning motor 6b, the second air-actuated jaw 6a pass through overturning electricity What machine 6b can rotate is set up in the outside of feed conveyor 1, and the clamping end of the second air-actuated jaw 6a is symmetrically arranged with two plasticity Clamping strip 6c;After the shell of 8 upper semisection of shrimp body is influenced by pre- peeling apparatus 5, tip portion is slightly extended outside shrimp body 8, and The active force for continuing through auxiliary conveyor belt 2 and feed conveyor 1 moves ahead, and then the cylinder body of the second air-actuated jaw 6a passes through overturning Motor 6b rotation, so that the clamping end of the second air-actuated jaw 6a corresponds to the shrimp body 8, then the second air-actuated jaw 6a works, folder It holds end and the shrimp shell that the shrimp body 8 extends is clamped by two plasticity clamping strip 6c, and run through overturning motor 6b rotation It resets, the second air-actuated jaw 6a resets rotation upward, at this time in rotation, is smoothly shelled the shrimp shell by two plasticity clamping strip 6c From shrimp, so that the shrimp body 8, which only remains, the shrimp shell close to shrimp portion.
Described that filling device 7 is taken to include third air-actuated jaw 7a and lifting cylinder 7b, third air-actuated jaw 7a is in inversion and leads to Cross lifting cylinder 7b can the vertical movable top set on feed conveyor 1, third air-actuated jaw 7a and lifting cylinder 7b are equal Positioned at the middle of feed conveyor 1 and auxiliary conveyor belt 2, the clamping end of third air-actuated jaw 7a is symmetrically arranged with two arc knots The top of the material folding 7c of structure, lifting cylinder 7b are equipped with to drive it to rotate out of between feed conveyor 1 and auxiliary conveyor belt 2 Shifting material motor 7d;After the big upper semisection shrimp shell of shrimp body 8 is removed by drawing housing apparatus 6, which is continued on to taking filling device 7 Region, third air-actuated jaw 7a is movable vertically by lifting cylinder 7b at this time, is decline at this time, promotes third air-actuated jaw 7a's Clamping end adequately clamps the shrimp part of the shrimp body 8 close to the shrimp body 8, and by two material folding 7c, then Lifting cylinder 7b is run through again and rises reset, and the shrimp tail of the shrimp body 8 continues to be limited by the second clamp tool at this time, so rising In, climbing power promotes shrimp sufficiently to detach the shrimp shell of shrimp portion, and detaching due to shrimp, and shrimp shell is emptying, the second jig 2a can not limit it, and the shrimp shell of shrimp portion falls off;In extraction, shrimp tail takes by the force fit of the second jig 2a Filling device 7, after taking filling, lifting cylinder 7b passes through shifting material motor 7d rotation immediately, and the shrimp is promoted to rotate out of 2 He of auxiliary conveyor belt Outside between feed conveyor 1 is being discharged, and is indicated, the shrimp shell specification of shrimp portion is smaller, so the pull of moment Power promotes shrimp that can be sufficiently disengaged from the shrimp shell of the shrimp portion, not will cause fracture.
A kind of automatic method for stripping shell of sea shrimp, comprising the following steps:
Step 1: being manually in the upstream end of feed conveyor 1, and the shrimp tail of the shrimp body 8 after prior decaptitating is placed in it In in a second jig 2a, 8 upper semisection of shrimp body is being placed in a first jig 1a, shrimp body 8 is in transmit towards feed at this time 1 hypsokinesis posture of band is between feed conveyor 1 and auxiliary conveyor belt 2;
Step 2: the shrimp body 8 being located in the first jig 1a and the second jig 2a is by feed conveyor 1 and auxiliary conveyor belt 2 Synchronous driving work, so that its downstream end direction is advanced, and the shell of the shrimp body 8 close to shrimp portion is gradually pressed from both sides Shell etc. is split, draws and draws, specific steps are as follows:
1, shrimp body 8 reaches primary 3 region of pinch-off device, by its by shrimp body 8 close to shrimp tail region domain housing perimeter using pair Title formula folder is split;
2, shell cuts off slideway by press from both sides that the shrimp body 8 split reaches that two cutting blade 4a in passive disconnecting device 4 constitute In 4b, since the shrimp body 8 continues the power that moves forward, the shrimp shell close to shrimp tail region domain is cut since frictional force and cutting blade 4a are constituted It cuts, further such that the shrimp shell is upper semisection shell and shrimp endpiece shell by thorough truncation;
3, it is truncated after the shrimp body 8 for upper semisection shell and shrimp endpiece shell marches to pre- 5 region of peeling apparatus, it will by it The tip portion of the upper semisection shell of the shrimp body 8 pulls out, it is promoted to be partially separated with shrimp generation;
4, the shrimp body 8 after, upper semisection shell and shrimp are partially separated, which marches to, draws 6 region of housing apparatus, by it by the upper half Section shell is completely separated with shrimp, subsequent that filling device 7 is being taken to separate whole shrimp with shrimp endpiece shell, finally obtains shrimp Benevolence.
Working principle: when manually the shrimp tail of shrimp body 8 is taken the lead in the second jig 2a of merging, limit first bypasses upper guiding Then bar 4c is bypassing lower guide rod 4d between that is, upper guide rod 4c and feed conveyor 1, that is, guide rod 4d and auxiliary is descended to pass It send between band 2, shrimp tail is in the second jig 2a at this time, and 8 upper semisection of shrimp body is in the arc groove 1b of the first jig 1a, on this Half section of front part is limited by the outer surface of upper guide rod 4c, prevents shrimp body 8 from leaning forward, 8 lower semisection of shrimp body, i.e., close to shrimp The part of tail is supported by lower guide rod 4d, the above guide rod 4c and lower guide rod 4d constitute the abundant limit of prawn body 8 With guide support purpose, promote shrimp body 8 can the stable carry out activity between auxiliary conveyor belt 2 and feed conveyor 1;Shrimp body 8 first march to primary pinch-off device 3, and it carries out folder by it and split close to the shrimp shell of shrimp portion, is continued on immediately to two What a cutting blade 4a was constituted cuts off in slideway 4b, and cunning is being cut off due to traveling power in the shrimp shell region which had previously been split by folder When movable in road 4b, cut by the cut surface of cutting blade 4a, the shrimp shell region promoted sufficiently to be split, immediately the shrimp body 8 after It continues and proceeds to pre- 5 region of peeling apparatus, and by the device shrimp shell of 8 upper semisection of shrimp body is completely separated with shrimp portion, And shrimp shell top pulls out a part outside 8 top of shrimp body, is continued on immediately to 6 region of housing apparatus is drawn, the shrimp shell is by drawing shell Device 6 is pulled out, and then obtains the shrimp of upper semisection, and the shrimp is marched to remaining shrimp tail meat and shell parts and taken at this time 7 region of filling device, the shrimp of upper semisection is by taking the active force of filling device 7 to extract the shrimp in shrimp tail together out, in extraction, shrimp tail Filling device 7 is taken by the force fit of the second jig 2a, after taking filling, lifting cylinder 7b passes through shifting material motor 7d rotation immediately, Promote the shrimp to rotate out of the outside between auxiliary conveyor belt 2 and feed conveyor 1, is being discharged.
The above described is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, not making any limit to technical scope of the invention System, therefore any subtle modifications, equivalent variations and modifications to the above embodiments according to the technical essence of the invention, In the range of still falling within technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller, including machine table, it is characterised in that: decorticator includes feed conveyor (1), auxiliary Conveyer belt (2), primary pinch-off device (3), passive disconnecting device (4) and pre- peeling apparatus (5), feed conveyor (1) are inclined It is set up in the top of machine table, auxiliary conveyor belt (2) is in the horizontal lower section for being set to feed conveyor (1) side, and the two The obtuse angle that transporting flat constitutes 115 degree is arranged, and is respectively equipped in the transport plane of feed conveyor (1) and auxiliary conveyor belt (2) It is several along conveying direction the first jig (1a) arranged at equal interval and the second jig (2a), and the conveying direction of the two is equal Row, primary pinch-off device (3) and pre- peeling apparatus (5) are set to the outside of auxiliary conveyor belt (2), the top of feed conveyor (1) Equipped with drawing housing apparatus (6) and taking filling device (7), primary pinch-off device (3), pre- peeling apparatus (5) draw housing apparatus (6) and take filling Device (7) is successively alternatively arranged setting along the conveying direction of feed conveyor (1), and also all close to feed conveyor (1) Downstream, passive disconnecting device (4) be set between feed conveyor (1) and auxiliary conveyor belt (2).
2. a kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the outside of first jig (1a) The arc groove (1b) of shrimp body (8) upper semisection for accommodating sea shrimp is offered, the first jig (1a) is made of sponge material, owns First jig (1a) is oppositely arranged with second jig (2a) respectively.
3. a kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: second jig (2a) includes support Plate (2b) and it is distributed in first clamping plate (2c) and second clamping plate (2d) at the top of supporting plate (2b) in fork-shaped, supporting plate (2b) is fixed on On the transporting flat of auxiliary conveyor belt (2), the middle part of first clamping plate (2c) and second clamping plate (2d) is hinged by torsional spring, and should Torsional spring is in the normal state down, and first clamping plate (2c) and second clamping plate (2d) constitute one towards one end of feed conveyor (1) and be less than 10 degree of V-type material folding mouth (2t).
4. a kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: passive disconnecting device (4) packet Include two cutting blades (4a) and setting symmetrical above and below upper guide rod (4c) and lower guide rod (4d), the water of lower guide rod (4d) Flat height is slightly above auxiliary conveyor belt (2), and upper guide rod (4c) is corresponding feed conveyor (1), upper guide rod (4c) and lower guiding The extending direction of bar (4d) is parallel with the conveying direction of feed conveyor (1), and the two is also passed close to auxiliary respectively Band (2) and feed conveyor (1) are sent, upper guide rod (4c) and lower guide rod (4d) are close to after feed conveyor (1) downstream There are spacing therewith at end, and two cutting blades (4a) are symmetrically set in the rear end of lower guide rod (4d), and constitute therebetween Enterable after guide rod (4d) under being detached from for shrimp body (8) to cut off slideway (4b), the cut surface of two cutting blades (4a) is opposite Setting.
5. a kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the primary pinch-off device (3) is wrapped The first air-actuated jaw (3a), thrust cylinder (3b) and two arc panels (3c) are included, the first air-actuated jaw (3a) is inclined to be set up in The top of auxiliary conveyor belt (2), and its clamping end corresponds to the rear end of lower guide rod (4d), and the first air-actuated jaw (3a's) inclines The conveying direction of oblique posture and auxiliary conveyor belt (2) constitutes 40 degree of angle, and two arc panels (3c) are respectively welded at the first gas On one clamping end of dynamic fixture (3a), and the concave surface of the two is oppositely arranged, and is set respectively in the concave surface of two arc panels (3c) There is an arc slice (3d), thrust cylinder (3b) is to drive the first air-actuated jaw (3a) living along the radial direction of lower guide rod (4d) Dynamic setting.
6. a kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the pre- peeling apparatus (5) is corresponding It is arranged in cutting blade (4a) far from the end of lower guide rod (4d), pre- peeling apparatus (5) includes two mounting plates (5a), one Bidirectional-screw regulating part (5b) and a gas bar (5c), two mounting plate (5a) bilateral symmetries and the inclined auxiliary that is set up in transmit The top of band (2), and the inclined direction of the two is parallel with the inclined direction of the first air-actuated jaw (3a), two mounting plates (5a) is respectively equipped with a shell-rinding wheel (5d) close to the front end of upper guide rod (4c), and the middle section of the two is respectively equipped with a use To drive the shell-rinding wheel (5d) of respective position around the motor of peeling off (5e) of own axis, Bidirectional-screw regulating part (5b) it is defeated Outlet is connect with the rear-end transmission of two mounting plates (5a), and for driving the two opposite or being arranged backwards to horizontal anomalous movement, gas Bar (5c) is to drive Bidirectional-screw regulating part (5b) and two mounting plates (5a) close to or far from upper guide rod (4c).
7. a kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the drawing housing apparatus (6) includes the Two air-actuated jaws (6a) and overturning motor (6b), the second air-actuated jaw (6a) are set up in by what overturning motor (6b) can rotate The outside of feed conveyor (1), the clamping end of the second air-actuated jaw (6a) are symmetrically arranged with two plasticity clamping strips (6c).
8. a kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described to take filling device (7) include the Three air-actuated jaws (7a) and lifting cylinder (7b), third air-actuated jaw (7a) are in inversion and can be vertical by lifting cylinder (7b) The movable top set on feed conveyor (1), third air-actuated jaw (7a) and lifting cylinder (7b) are respectively positioned on feed conveyor (1) and the middle of auxiliary conveyor belt (2), the clamping end of third air-actuated jaw (7a) are symmetrically arranged with the material folding of two arcuate structures The top of item (7c), lifting cylinder (7b) is equipped with to drive it to rotate out of between feed conveyor (1) and auxiliary conveyor belt (2) Shifting material motor (7d).
9. a kind of automatic method for stripping shell of sea shrimp, peels off automatically including a kind of sea shrimp described in any one of claim 1~9 Machine, it is characterised in that: the following steps are included:
Step 1: being manually in the upstream end of feed conveyor (1), and the shrimp tail of the shrimp body (8) after prior decaptitating is placed in it In in second jig (2a), shrimp body (8) upper semisection is being placed in first jig (1a), shrimp body (8) is in court at this time Feed conveyor (1) hypsokinesis posture is located between feed conveyor (1) and auxiliary conveyor belt (2);
Step 2: the shrimp body (8) being located in the first jig (1a) and the second jig (2a) is transmitted by feed conveyor (1) and auxiliary The synchronous driving work of band (2), makes its downstream end direction advance, and the shrimp body (8) close to shrimp portion shell by Shell etc. is split by folder, draws and drawn to step, specific steps are as follows:
(1), shrimp body (8) reaches primary pinch-off device (3) region, is adopted the housing perimeter in shrimp body (8) close to shrimp tail region domain by it It is split with symmetrical expression folder;
(2), shell is cut off by press from both sides that the shrimp body (8) that splits reaches that two cutting blades (4a) in passive disconnecting device (4) constitute In slideway (4b), since the shrimp body (8) continues the power that moves forward, close to shrimp tail region domain shrimp shell due to frictional force and cutting blade (4a) constitutes cutting, further such that the shrimp shell is upper semisection shell and shrimp endpiece shell by thorough truncation;
(3), it is truncated after the shrimp body (8) for upper semisection shell and shrimp endpiece shell marches to pre- peeling apparatus (5) region, by it The tip portion of the upper semisection shell of the shrimp body (8) is pulled out, it is promoted to be partially separated with shrimp generation;
(4), the shrimp body (8) after upper semisection shell and shrimp are partially separated, which marches to, draws housing apparatus (6) region, by it by the upper half Section shell is completely separated with shrimp, subsequent that filling device (7) is being taken to separate whole shrimp with shrimp endpiece shell, finally obtains shrimp Benevolence.
CN201811086224.3A 2018-09-18 2018-09-18 Automatic shrimp shelling machine and shelling method thereof Active CN109042823B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109619466A (en) * 2019-02-13 2019-04-16 福建省亚明食品有限公司 A kind of cray quick-frozen conditioning processing equipment for product and processing method
CN114933151A (en) * 2022-05-31 2022-08-23 华南农业大学 Prawn balance feeding device convenient for clamping manipulator to grab

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CN106615017A (en) * 2016-12-19 2017-05-10 盐城工学院 Shrimp shelling cutting device and shrimp shelling machine
CN106720170A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-05-31 李正福 A kind of new type auto fixing device for taking off shrimp shell
CN209563427U (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-11-01 安徽机电职业技术学院 A kind of sea shrimp automatic sheller

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2760225A (en) * 1953-04-02 1956-08-28 Miller Nikoli Shrimp peeling, deveining and meat separating machine
US2987759A (en) * 1957-10-25 1961-06-13 Peelers Company Machine for peeling crawfish and the like
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CN114933151B (en) * 2022-05-31 2023-08-29 华南农业大学 Shrimp wobble plate feeding device convenient for grabbing by clamping manipulator

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