CN108978697A - Terrace template system and construction method - Google Patents

Terrace template system and construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108978697A
CN108978697A CN201810871238.XA CN201810871238A CN108978697A CN 108978697 A CN108978697 A CN 108978697A CN 201810871238 A CN201810871238 A CN 201810871238A CN 108978697 A CN108978697 A CN 108978697A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
terrace
tubular pole
pile cover
fetal membrane
reserved steel
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Application number
CN201810871238.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108978697B (en
Inventor
唐益辉
柳建国
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MCC5 Group Shanghai Corp Ltd
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MCC5 Group Shanghai Corp Ltd
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Priority to CN201810871238.XA priority Critical patent/CN108978697B/en
Publication of CN108978697A publication Critical patent/CN108978697A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D27/00Foundations as substructures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/18Making embankments, e.g. dikes, dams
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/22Piles
    • E02D5/34Concrete or concrete-like piles cast in position ; Apparatus for making same
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/72Pile shoes

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of terrace template system and construction methods, including the pile cover loose tool being mounted on terrace tubular pole, and the pile cover fetal membrane is fixed on the stake core reinforcing bar on the terrace tubular pole by the first reserved steel bar, wherein the bottom of the pile cover fetal membrane is rounded, top is square, the pile cover fetal membrane is located at the upper end of the terrace tubular pole, and first reserved steel bar is extended upwardly to the top surface of the terrace tubular pole by the bottom end of the pile cover fetal membrane.The present invention advantageously reduces backfilling of earthwork, facilitates floor construction, it is ensured that the quality safety of tubular pole.

Description

Terrace template system and construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of ground construction, a kind of terrace template system and construction method are referred in particular to.
Background technique
Building superstructure has steel construction and two kinds of concrete structure, and pure steel structure does not need to set up branch on foundation Support, it is only necessary to meet crane lifting condition;Concrete structure needs set up support frame on foundation.Terrace is applied Work often carries out after the completion of Superstructure Construction for the protection to terrace surface layer.Under the conditions of subgrade, due to subsurface Soil it is excessively poor, and be difficult to handle or processing cost is too high, then use structure terrace.From stress, structure terrace is held The load received, which can first pass to beam or plate and pass to column again, finally passes to pipe pile foundation;Structure terrace way has pipe pile foundation chainless drives knot Structure terrace and pipe pile foundation have two kinds of contignation terrace, and the present invention is directed to pipe pile foundation flat slab structure terrace.
Because floor construction is the subsequent job of Superstructure Construction, so during Superstructure Construction, it need to be to terrace Foundation pile is protected.Because subgrade soil property exist thicker mud, it is easily disturbed, tubular pole periphery walk digging machine or Crane easily leads to deviation of pipe pile, welding point desoldering and other issues.When Superstructure Construction, Normal practice is not excavate ground Level ground basis, tubular pole top earthing 400-600mm are laid with graded broken stone further according to formal terrace way, bed course are poured, to facilitate top The construction of structure.After the completion of Superstructure Construction, bed course, cleaning rubble are abolished again, the extra earthwork is transported outward, builds brick tire Film is drawn and digs stake core, and floor construction is carried out.Therefore cause process more, the problem of waste of material, and it is big to there is investment, long in time limit The defects of.
Summary of the invention
For this purpose, technical problem to be solved by the present invention lies in overcoming in the prior art, process is more, leads to long in time limit ask Topic, thus provide it is a kind of effectively shorten the duration, reduce waste of material terrace template system and construction method.
In order to solve the above technical problems, a kind of terrace template system of the invention, including the stake being mounted on terrace tubular pole Cap loose tool, and the pile cover fetal membrane is fixed on the stake core reinforcing bar on the terrace tubular pole by the first reserved steel bar, wherein institute The bottom for stating pile cover fetal membrane is rounded, top is square, and the pile cover fetal membrane is located at the upper end of the terrace tubular pole, and described first Reserved steel bar is extended upwardly to the top surface of the terrace tubular pole by the bottom end of the pile cover fetal membrane.
In one embodiment of the invention, the quantity of first reserved steel bar is multiple, is evenly distributed on describedly The top surface of level ground tubular pole and surrounding.
In one embodiment of the invention, the circular hole of pile cover fetal membrane bottom is bigger than the diameter of the terrace tubular pole.
In one embodiment of the invention, extend on the pile cover fetal membrane from top to bottom end and reserved equipped with multiple second Reinforcing bar, and the bottom of second reserved steel bar extends to the top of the terrace tubular pole.
In one embodiment of the invention, the bottom of second reserved steel bar is uniformly distributed along the terrace tubular pole.
In one embodiment of the invention, it is additionally provided on the inner wall of the pile cover fetal membrane along the circumferential direction around the stake The third reserved steel bar of cap fetal membrane.
The present invention also provides a kind of construction method of terrace template, the terrace template system described in above-mentioned any one into Row construction carries out backfilling of earthwork, the stake top of compaction in layers to terrace tubular pole after the completion of including the following steps: cushion cap foundation construction The stake core of the terrace tubular pole is perfused in absolute altitude, and the pile cover fetal membrane made is mounted on to the top of the terrace tubular pole, and makes institute It states on the stake core reinforcing bar that pile cover fetal membrane is fixed on the terrace tubular pole by the first reserved steel bar;Continue backfill, layering pressure In fact to terrace bed course bottom, bed course is poured, while blocking the seam between the pile cover fetal membrane and the terrace tubular pole with concrete Gap.
In one embodiment of the invention, before the stake core of the perfusion terrace tubular pole, the terrace tubular pole is cleared up Pile crown position.
In one embodiment of the invention, described when pouring bed course, make the top surface of the bed course Yu the pile cover fetal membrane Concordantly.
In one embodiment of the invention, it after the step S2 is complete, constructs to superstructure.
The above technical solution of the present invention has the following advantages over the prior art:
Terrace template system of the present invention and construction method, the pile cover fetal membrane are fixed on the stake core on the terrace tubular pole On reinforcing bar, to advantageously reduce backfilling of earthwork, facilitate floor construction, it is ensured that the quality safety of tubular pole, and the pile cover fetal membrane Bottom it is rounded, to be conducive to for the pile cover fetal membrane being fixed on the terrace tubular pole, the top of the pile cover fetal membrane It is square, to facilitate the arrangement of the reinforcing bar and terrace reinforcing bar in the pile cover fetal membrane, keeps reinforcing bar arrangement regular, beautiful;In addition, The pile cover fetal membrane has the function of water storage, therefore rainwater can be effectively prevented and penetrate into below concrete, increases stability.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the content of the present invention more clearly understood, it below according to specific embodiments of the present invention and combines Attached drawing, the present invention is described in further detail, wherein
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of terrace template system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the main view of terrace template system of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the top view of terrace template system of the present invention.
Figure of description description of symbols: 10- terrace tubular pole, 20- pile cover fetal membrane, the first reserved steel bar of 21-, 22- second are pre- Stay reinforcing bar, 23- third reserved steel bar.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment one
As shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the present embodiment provides a kind of terrace template systems, including are mounted on terrace tubular pole 10 Pile cover loose tool 20, the pile cover fetal membrane 20 is located at the upper end of the terrace tubular pole 10, and the pile cover fetal membrane 20 passes through first Reserved steel bar 21 is fixed on the stake core reinforcing bar on the terrace tubular pole 20, wherein the bottom of the pile cover fetal membrane 20 it is rounded, Top is square, and first reserved steel bar 21 extends upwardly to the terrace tubular pole 10 by the bottom end of the pile cover fetal membrane 20 Top surface.
Terrace template system described in the present embodiment, including the pile cover loose tool 20 being mounted on terrace tubular pole 10, the pile cover Fetal membrane 20 is located at the upper end of the terrace tubular pole 10, and the pile cover fetal membrane 20 is fixed on describedly by the first reserved steel bar 21 On stake core reinforcing bar on level ground tubular pole 20, to advantageously reduce backfilling of earthwork, facilitate floor construction, it is ensured that the quality of tubular pole is pacified Entirely, wherein the bottom of the pile cover fetal membrane 20 is rounded, to be conducive to the pile cover fetal membrane 20 being fixed on the terrace pipe In stake 10, the top of the pile cover fetal membrane 20 is square, to facilitate the reinforcing bar and terrace reinforcing bar in the pile cover fetal membrane 20 Arrangement keeps reinforcing bar arrangement regular, beautiful;In addition, the pile cover fetal membrane 20 has the function of water storage, therefore rainwater can be effectively prevented It penetrates into below concrete, increases stability, first reserved steel bar 21 is extended upwardly to by the bottom end of the pile cover fetal membrane 20 The top surface of the terrace tubular pole 10, so as to so that the pile cover fetal membrane 20 is fixed on the upper end of the terrace tubular pole 10.
The quantity of first reserved steel bar 21 be it is multiple, be evenly distributed on top surface and the surrounding of the terrace tubular pole 10, To be conducive on the stake core reinforcing bar that the pile cover fetal membrane 20 is stabilized on the terrace tubular pole 20.It is described in the present embodiment The quantity of first reserved steel bar 21 is four, fills core reinforcement welding with the tubular pole after positioning and fixes.In order to prevent pile position deviation, Pile crown deflection is caused, the circular hole of 20 bottom of pile cover fetal membrane is bigger than the diameter of the terrace tubular pole 10, by adjusting the stake The position of 20 bottom of cap fetal membrane circle, to guarantee that fetal membrane installation dimension is correct.
Extend on the pile cover fetal membrane 20 from top to bottom end and be equipped with multiple second reserved steel bars 22, and described second is reserved The bottom of reinforcing bar 22 extends to the top of the terrace tubular pole 10, and second reserved steel bar 22 plays the role of fixed, positioning, together When play a supportive role when pouring the concrete of the pile cover fetal membrane 20 and the terrace tubular pole 10.Specifically, the stake is poured When the hole of cap fetal membrane 20 and the terrace tubular pole 10, second reserved steel bar 22 can play template, and backfill is extremely Below second reserved steel bar 22, concrete is directly cast between second reserved steel bar 22.Described second is reserved The bottom of reinforcing bar 22 is uniformly distributed along the terrace tubular pole 10, to be conducive to the pile cover fetal membrane 20 being fixed on the terrace On stake core reinforcing bar on tubular pole 20.It is additionally provided on the inner wall of the pile cover fetal membrane 20 along the circumferential direction around the pile cover fetal membrane 20 Third reserved steel bar 23, the third reserved steel bar 23 is conducive to reinforce the intensity of the pile cover fetal membrane 20, guarantees the stake Cap fetal membrane 20 is not cracked in the construction process, is damaged.
Embodiment two
The present embodiment provides a kind of construction methods of terrace template, construct to terrace template system described in embodiment one, Include the following steps: step S1: after the completion of cushion cap foundation construction, carrying out backfilling of earthwork, the stake of compaction in layers to terrace tubular pole 10 Top mark is high, and the stake core of the terrace tubular pole 10 is perfused, the pile cover fetal membrane 20 made is mounted on to the top of the terrace tubular pole 10 End, and pass through the pile cover fetal membrane 20 on the stake core reinforcing bar that first reserved steel bar 21 is fixed on the terrace tubular pole 10;Step Rapid S2: continuing backfill, and compaction in layers to terrace bed course bottom pours bed course, while blocking the pile cover fetal membrane with concrete With the gap between the terrace tubular pole.
The construction method of terrace template described in the present embodiment in the step S1, after the completion of cushion cap foundation construction, carries out soil The stake core of the terrace tubular pole 10, the pile cover that will be made is perfused in side's backfill, the stake top absolute altitude of compaction in layers to terrace tubular pole 10 Fetal membrane 20 is mounted on the top of the terrace tubular pole 10, and the pile cover fetal membrane 20 is made to be fixed on institute by the first reserved steel bar 21 It states on the stake core reinforcing bar on terrace tubular pole 10, to advantageously reduce backfilling of earthwork, facilitates floor construction, and be conducive to protect institute State pipe pile foundation;In the step S2, continue backfill, compaction in layers pours bed course, while using coagulation to terrace bed course bottom Grave blocks up the gap between the pile cover fetal membrane and the terrace tubular pole, due to using the pile cover fetal membrane 20, in superstructure When construction, advance reservation pile crown position, no stake region can be consolidated with normal construction, pile crown position by the pile cover fetal membrane 20 Fixed, mark pays attention to protecting, after the completion of Superstructure Construction, is smoothly connected floor construction in Superstructure Construction, without Reprocess ground, it is ensured that the quality safety and subsequent construction of tubular pole are smoothly connected.
Before the stake core of the perfusion terrace tubular pole 10, the pile crown position of the terrace tubular pole 10 is cleared up, thus favorably In the stake core that the terrace tubular pole 10 is perfused.It is described when pouring bed course, keep the top surface of the bed course and the pile cover fetal membrane 20 flat Together, it thereby may be ensured that rainwater flows into the pile cover fetal membrane 20.After the step S2 is complete, construct to superstructure, Its superstructure includes the installation of slab form.When the Superstructure Construction, in no stake region roadbed paving case (steel construction Construction) or channel steel (supporting frame construction), after the completion of Superstructure Construction, floor construction can be carried out, without increasing any process.
In the present embodiment, according to the stake diameter and terrace plate thickness of the terrace tubular pole 10,20 bottom of the pile cover fetal membrane circle is determined The specific size of top side.According to determining 20 size of pile cover fetal membrane, steel plate fetal membrane is made by factory, is existed using steel plate fetal membrane Pile cover fetal membrane 20 described in scene or factory's serial pre-fabrication.
Obviously, the above embodiments are merely examples for clarifying the description, does not limit the embodiments.For For those of ordinary skill in the art, other different form variations can also be made on the basis of the above description or are become It is dynamic.There is no necessity and possibility to exhaust all the enbodiments.And obvious variation extended from this or change It moves still within the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of terrace template system, it is characterised in that: including the pile cover loose tool being mounted on terrace tubular pole, and the pile cover tire Film is fixed on the stake core reinforcing bar on the terrace tubular pole by the first reserved steel bar, wherein the bottom of the pile cover fetal membrane is in circle Shape, top are square, and the pile cover fetal membrane is located at the upper end of the terrace tubular pole, and first reserved steel bar is by the pile cover tire The bottom end of film extends upwardly to the top surface of the terrace tubular pole.
2. terrace template system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the quantity of first reserved steel bar be it is multiple, It is evenly distributed on top surface and the surrounding of the terrace tubular pole.
3. the construction method of terrace template according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the circular hole ratio of pile cover fetal membrane bottom The diameter of the terrace tubular pole is big.
4. terrace template system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: extended on the pile cover fetal membrane from top to bottom end Equipped with multiple second reserved steel bars, and the bottom of second reserved steel bar extends to the top of the terrace tubular pole.
5. terrace template system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the bottom of second reserved steel bar is along describedly Level ground tubular pole is uniformly distributed.
6. the construction method of terrace template according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: also set on the inner wall of the pile cover fetal membrane There is the third reserved steel bar along the circumferential direction around the pile cover fetal membrane.
7. a kind of construction method of terrace template, constructs to terrace template system described in any one of claim 1-6, It is characterized by comprising the following steps:
Step S1: after the completion of cushion cap foundation construction, backfilling of earthwork, the stake top absolute altitude of compaction in layers to terrace tubular pole, perfusion are carried out The pile cover fetal membrane made, is mounted on the top of the terrace tubular pole by the stake core of the terrace tubular pole, and makes the pile cover tire Film is fixed on the stake core reinforcing bar on the terrace tubular pole by the first reserved steel bar;
Step S2: continuing backfill, and compaction in layers to terrace bed course bottom pours bed course, while blocking the stake with concrete Gap between cap fetal membrane and the terrace tubular pole.
8. the construction method of terrace template according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: the stake of the perfusion terrace tubular pole Before core, the pile crown position of the terrace tubular pole is cleared up.
9. the construction method of terrace template according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: it is described when pouring bed course, make the pad The either flush of layer and the pile cover fetal membrane.
10. the construction method of terrace template according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: after the step S2 is complete, tied to top Structure is constructed.
CN201810871238.XA 2018-08-02 2018-08-02 Terrace template system and construction method Active CN108978697B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN108978697B CN108978697B (en) 2020-08-21

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103215950A (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-07-24 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Pile foundation extension construction method in backfilling area
KR20130087669A (en) * 2012-01-30 2013-08-07 (주)동양이엔지 Down-up method of underground structure
CN103790379A (en) * 2014-01-17 2014-05-14 上海建工二建集团有限公司 Method for constructing connection joint between flat slab and post cap in reverse construction method
CN104153386A (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-11-19 云南工程建设总承包公司 Tool-type steel die of pile foundation pile cap surrounding facade cushion layer and construction method of tool-typed steel die
CN206902734U (en) * 2017-07-19 2018-01-19 深圳市欧博工程设计顾问有限公司 A kind of earth construction of soft foundation zone

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20130087669A (en) * 2012-01-30 2013-08-07 (주)동양이엔지 Down-up method of underground structure
CN103215950A (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-07-24 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Pile foundation extension construction method in backfilling area
CN103790379A (en) * 2014-01-17 2014-05-14 上海建工二建集团有限公司 Method for constructing connection joint between flat slab and post cap in reverse construction method
CN104153386A (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-11-19 云南工程建设总承包公司 Tool-type steel die of pile foundation pile cap surrounding facade cushion layer and construction method of tool-typed steel die
CN206902734U (en) * 2017-07-19 2018-01-19 深圳市欧博工程设计顾问有限公司 A kind of earth construction of soft foundation zone

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