CN108940505A - A kind of grinding device of Chinese medicinal material - Google Patents

A kind of grinding device of Chinese medicinal material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108940505A
CN108940505A CN201810954933.2A CN201810954933A CN108940505A CN 108940505 A CN108940505 A CN 108940505A CN 201810954933 A CN201810954933 A CN 201810954933A CN 108940505 A CN108940505 A CN 108940505A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
grinding
chinese medicinal
crushing
fuselage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810954933.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
俞凯君
罗松
周学军
徐军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai University of Medicine and Health Sciences
Original Assignee
Shanghai University of Medicine and Health Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai University of Medicine and Health Sciences filed Critical Shanghai University of Medicine and Health Sciences
Priority to CN201810954933.2A priority Critical patent/CN108940505A/en
Publication of CN108940505A publication Critical patent/CN108940505A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C1/00Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/28Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with spiked cylinders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of grinding devices of Chinese medicinal material, including fuselage, cutting module is installed, the first crushing module and second crushes module in fuselage, wherein, fuselage top is equipped with feed inlet, bottom is equipped with discharge port, feed inlet, cutting module, the first crushing module and the second crushing module is sequentially connected, first crushing module is connected with the second crushing module by replaceable sieve, first slideway is set below the sieve, first slideway connects discharge port, and second, which crushes module, connects discharge port by the second slideway.Compared with prior art, the present invention will need the Chinese medicinal material crushed to pour into from feed inlet, enter sieve after the first time that cutting module and first crush module crushes, and realize integration by machine so that screening and crushing.It is selected according to different sieves, can either realize fine crushing, be also able to satisfy the requirement that certain medicinal materials need larger particles to crush, greatly improve the efficiency of work.

Description

A kind of grinding device of Chinese medicinal material
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Chinese medicines to crush technical field, more particularly, to a kind of grinding device of Chinese medicinal material.
Background technique
With the reach of science and to the further investigation of medicinal plant, it has been found that various plants, which contain, can treat the mankind The medicinal ingredient of disease, and in order to play the pharmacological property of different medicinal materials, a variety of different requirements are generally required to the grinding of medicinal material, are had Need very fine, some then need to be ground into biggish particle.Currently, in medicament compartment, usually using grinding device Medicinal material is crushed, crushing is one of important process, and grinding device is also indispensable pharmaceutical facility., grinding device Multiple rotors are mostly set in the cavity of device to reach sufficient crushing effect, still, in the prior art, pharmacy pulverizer pair The crushing of medicinal material usually only one mode crushes sometimes not enough thoroughly, cannot meet the needs bulky grain pulverizing medicinal materials sometimes It is required that.At this time, it is necessary to which it is artificially screened after it once crushed, and for the raw material for being unsatisfactory for requiring, is fallen again Enter and crushed again in grinding device, wastes more cost of human and material resources, increase the production cost of enterprise.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to overcome the above-mentioned drawbacks of the prior art and provide a kind of powder of Chinese medicinal material Crushing device.
The purpose of the present invention can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of grinding device of Chinese medicinal material, including fuselage are equipped with cutting module in fuselage, first crush module and the Two crush module, wherein fuselage top is equipped with feed inlet, and bottom is equipped with discharge port, the feed inlet, cutting module, first It crushes module and the second crushing module is sequentially connected, the first crushing module and the second crushing module are connected by replaceable sieve It connects, the first slideway is set below the sieve, which connects discharge port, and second crushes module is connected by the second slideway Pick out material mouth.
Further, the sieve includes the sieve of a variety of sizing grid types.
Further, a first inner chamber is equipped in fuselage below feed inlet, the cutting module is installed on first inner chamber Interior, cutting module includes roller, first set of blades and second set of blades, and the first set of blades are installed on the outer wall of roller, The second set of blades are installed on the inner wall of first inner chamber, and second set of blades are staggered with first set of blades, described Roller is connected with the first line shaft.
Further, the first set of blades and second set of blades are made of double-edged blade.
Further, the lower section of fuselage internal cutting module is equipped with a second inner chamber, and the first crushing module is installed on In second inner chamber, first, which crushes module, includes two groups of toothed rotors, and the toothed rotor intermeshes, also, is separately connected There is the second line shaft.
Further, two sides spacing of the inner wall of the second inner chamber apart from toothed rotor is 1 millimeter.
Further, the described second crushing module includes ellipse, upper tooth plate, lower tooth plate, position-limiting drum and compressed spring, Wherein, upper tooth plate intermeshes with lower tooth plate and is connected by position-limiting drum, and compressed spring covers the outer wall in position-limiting drum, upper tooth plate Top connect ellipse, the ellipse is connected with third line shaft.
It further, further include servo motor, which is separately connected cutting module, the first crushing module and second Crush module.
Further, feed hopper is equipped at the feed inlet.
Further, the discharge outlet is equipped with material guiding hopper.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the following advantages that
1, suitable sieve is installed in selection to the present invention according to different needs, when needing fine crushing, using grid Tiny sieve, when needing the crushing of larger particles, using the biggish sieve of grid, by the Chinese medicinal material for needing to crush from into Material mouth is poured into, and enters sieve after the first time that cutting module and first crush module crushes, satisfactory medicinal material is direct Discharge port is flowed to by sieve, the undesirable second crushing module that again passes by further crushes.Sieve in device Instead of the process of artificial selection, so that screening and crushing realize integration by machine.It is selected according to different sieves, it can It enough realizes fine crushing, is also able to satisfy the requirement that certain medicinal materials need larger particles to crush, greatly improves the efficiency of work.
2, in the present apparatus, cutting module is quickly cut using staggered first set of blades and second set of blades It crushes, quickly continual bulk medicinal material can be divided into fritter, after first crushes module and the second crushing module to cutting Fritter medicinal material is adequately crushed from different directions.Whole device is crushed one by one using tertiary structure, knot Structure is reasonable, and the process fluency of crushing is high.
3, third crushes module and controls upper and lower tooth plate folding by ellipse to carry out the crushing of medicinal material, and it is steady to crush dynamics Fixed, running is steady, makes it to the more thorough of pulverizing medicinal materials, crush efficiency is higher.
4, the present invention controls cutting module by a servo motor simultaneously, the first crushing module and second crushes module, Dynamic structure is small and exquisite simple, easy to control and reduce energy consumption.
5, the present invention is equipped with feed hopper in feed inlet, and winged when preventing medicinal material from entering device is spilt.
6, manufacturing cost of the present invention is low, easy to use, effectively increases the crushing effect of Chinese medicinal material, improves enterprise Production efficiency, commercial promise with higher.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is schematic view of the front view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is left view structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the second partial structural diagram for crushing module;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of cutting module;
Appended drawing reference: 1, fuselage, 2, feed hopper, 3, cutting module, 30, roller, 31, first set of blades, the 32, second blade Group, the 4, first line shaft, 5, first pulley, 6, first crushes module, 7, toothed rotor, the 8, second line shaft, the 9, first double flute Belt wheel, 10, sieve, the 11, first slideway, the 12, second crushing module, 120, lower tooth plate, 121, upper tooth plate, 122, crushing tooth, 123, the first limited block, 124, movable block, 125, position-limiting drum, 126, compressed spring, the 127, second limited block, 13, ellipse, 14, third line shaft, the 15, second double-slot belt wheel, the 16, second slideway, 17, material guiding hopper, 18, stabilizer blade, 19, fixed plate, 20, servo Motor, the 21, second belt wheel, the 22, first transmission belt, the 23, second transmission belt, 24, third transmission belt.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in detail with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.The present embodiment is with technical solution of the present invention Premised on implemented, the detailed implementation method and specific operation process are given, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to Following embodiments.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of grinding device of Chinese medicinal material, including fuselage 1 are present embodiments provided, in fuselage 1 Cutting module 3, first is installed and crushes module 6 and the second crushing module 12, wherein 1 top of fuselage is equipped with feed inlet, and bottom is set There is discharge port, the feed inlet, cutting module 3, first crush module 6 and the second crushing module 12 is sequentially connected, and first crushes mould Block 6 and the second crushing module 12 are connected by sieve 10, and sieve 10 can be replaced the different sieve of a variety of sizing grids.Sieve 10 The first slideway 11 is arranged in lower section, which connects discharge port, and the second crushing module 12 is connected out by the second slideway 16 Material mouth is equipped with a feed hopper 2 at feed inlet.
A first inner chamber is equipped in fuselage 1 below feed inlet, cutting module 3 is installed in first inner chamber, cutting module 3 It is fixedly connected through 1 rear wall of fuselage with first pulley 5 by the first line shaft 4, first pulley 5 is located at the rear of fuselage 1.
Second inner chamber is equipped in fuselage 1 below first inner chamber, the exit of first inner chamber connects second inner chamber entrance, institute The the first crushing module 6 stated is installed in second inner chamber, and first, which crushes module 6, includes two groups of toothed rotors 730, the band tooth Roller 730 intermeshes, also, toothed rotor 7 runs through 1 rear wall of fuselage and the first double-slot belt wheel 9 by the second line shaft 8 respectively It is fixedly connected, the first double-slot belt wheel 9 is located at the rear of fuselage 1.Two sides spacing of the inner wall of second inner chamber apart from toothed rotor 730 It is 1 millimeter, prevents the Chinese medicine not being crushed from falling left side obstruction from gap, while guarantees that toothed rotor 7 operates.
The sieve 10 of the exit connection inclination installation of second inner chamber, the low side connection second of sieve 10 crush module.
As shown in figure 3, the second crushing module 12 includes ellipse 13, upper tooth plate 122, lower tooth plate 120,125 and of position-limiting drum Compressed spring 126, wherein the top of upper tooth plate 122 connects ellipse 13, and ellipse 13 runs through fuselage by third line shaft 14 1 rear wall is fixedly connected with the second double-slot belt wheel 15, and the second double-slot belt wheel 15 is located at the rear of fuselage 1, and second crushes module 12 Inclination installation, a lower side-lower are provided with the second slideway 16, and the bottom perforation of the first slideway 11 and the second slideway 16 connects Place is discharge port, is provided with material guiding hopper 17.
Second bottom end for crushing module 12 is lower tooth plate 120, and the top of lower tooth plate 120 is provided with and 120 phase of lower tooth plate The upper tooth plate 121 matched, lower tooth plate 120 and upper tooth plate 121 are provided with crushing tooth 122, and crushing tooth 122 is triangle.Limit Cylinder 125 is made of the first limited block 123, the second limited block 127 and movable block 124, and the front side both ends of lower tooth plate 120 are provided with First limited block 123, the top of the first limited block 123 are provided with movable block 124, and the outer wall of movable block 124 is cased with compressed spring 126, the top of movable block 124 is fixedly connected with the second limited block 127, before upper tooth plate 121 is arranged in the second limited block 127 Side, squeezing upper tooth plate 121 by the rotation of ellipse 13 crushes crushing tooth 122 to medicinal material, and compressed spring 126 is under pressure Compressed tensioned to upper 121 plate of tooth, when the short side of ellipse 13 contacts upper tooth plate 121, upper tooth plate 121 is in compressed spring It is resetted under 126 tension, pulverized medicinal material slides downwards.
The bottom end of fuselage 1 is connected with stabilizer blade 18, and stabilizer blade 18 is fixedly connected by fixed plate 19 two-by-two, the side of fixed plate 19 It is fixedly connected with servo motor 20, servo motor 20 is connect by conducting wire with external power supply, and the rear output end of servo motor 20 is logical It crosses motor shaft and is fixedly connected with the second belt wheel 21, the second belt wheel 21 is connected with the first transmission belt 22, the first conveyer belt 22 The other end is flexibly connected with the interior belt wheel of the second double-slot belt wheel 15, and the foreign steamer of the second double-slot belt wheel 15 is connected with the second transmission Band 23, the other end of the second transmission belt 23 are flexibly connected with the foreign steamer of the first double-slot belt wheel 9, and the lubrication groove of the first double-slot belt wheel 9 is living Dynamic to be connected with third transmission belt 24, the other end of third transmission belt 24 is connected with first pulley 5.
As shown in figure 4, cutting module 3 is internally provided with roller 30, the outer wall of roller 30 is evenly arranged with the first blade Group 31, the inner wall of cutting module is provided with second set of blades 32, and first set of blades and second set of blades are all double-edged blade group At making cutting effect more preferably, prevent from causing to block.
First line shaft 4, the second line shaft 8, third line shaft 14 and 1 rear wall intersection of fuselage are provided with Roller Shaft It holds, roller bearing can not only reduce frictional force, moreover it is possible to have more protecting against shock ability.
The lateral surface of first pulley 5 and the second belt wheel 21 is provided with deep trouth, and the depth of deep trouth is three centimetres, prevents belt wheel Rotation is breakked away.
The working principle of the present embodiment are as follows: by connecting external power supply, start servo motor 20, servo motor 20 drives the The rotation of two belt wheels 21, the second belt wheel 21 drive the rotation of the second double-slot belt wheel 15, the second double-slot belt wheel 15 by the first transmission belt 22 The rotation of the first double-slot belt wheel 9 is driven by the second transmission belt 23, the first double-slot belt wheel 9 drives first band by third transmission belt 24 5 rotation of wheel, by the Chinese medicinal material for needing to crush from 2 gatherer of feed hopper, first pulley 5 drives roller 30 to rotate, roller 30 The rotation of first set of blades 31 is driven to carry out cutting and grinding to medicinal material with the cooperation of second set of blades 32 counterclockwise, the medicinal material after being cut Fall in the first crushing module 6, the first double-slot belt wheel 9 drives toothed rotor 7 to rotate, the rotation of two groups of toothed rotors 7 to medicinal material into The crushing of one step, smashed medicinal material are fallen on sieve 10, are reached the medicinal material for crushing and requiring and are passed through sieve and slide by first Road 11 is fallen by material guiding hopper 17, does not reach the second crushing module 12 that enters for crushing and requiring, and the second double-slot belt wheel 15 drives Ellipse 13 rotates, and the rotation of ellipse 13 is pressed downward tooth plate 121 and crushes to medicinal material, the compressed spring 126 of upper tooth plate 121 Tension be reset, the medicinal material crushed is fallen from the second slideway 16 by material guiding hopper.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention has been described in detail above.It should be appreciated that those skilled in the art without It needs creative work according to the present invention can conceive and makes many modifications and variations.Therefore, all technologies in the art Personnel are available by logical analysis, reasoning, or a limited experiment on the basis of existing technology under this invention's idea Technical solution, all should be within the scope of protection determined by the claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of grinding device of Chinese medicinal material, including fuselage (1), which is characterized in that be equipped with cutting module in fuselage (1) (3), first module (6) and the second crushing module (12) are crushed, wherein fuselage (1) top is equipped with feed inlet, and bottom is equipped with discharging Mouthful, the feed inlet, cutting module (3), the first crushing module (6) and second crush module (12) and are sequentially connected, the first powder Broken module (6) and second crushes module (12) and is connected by replaceable sieve (10), and the is arranged below the sieve (10) One slideway (11), first slideway (11) connect discharge port, and second, which crushes module (12), passes through the second slideway (16) connection discharging Mouthful.
2. the grinding device of Chinese medicinal material according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the sieve (10) includes a variety of nets The sieve of lattice size type.
3. the grinding device of Chinese medicinal material according to claim 1, which is characterized in that set below the interior feed inlet of fuselage (1) There is a first inner chamber, the cutting module (3) is installed in first inner chamber, and cutting module (3) includes roller (30), the first knife Piece group (31) and second set of blades (32), the first set of blades (31) are installed on the outer wall of roller (30), and described second Set of blades (32) is installed on the inner wall of first inner chamber, and second set of blades (32) are staggered with first set of blades (31), described Roller (30) be connected with the first line shaft (4).
4. the grinding device of Chinese medicinal material according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the first set of blades (31) and Second set of blades (32) are made of double-edged blade.
5. the grinding device of Chinese medicinal material according to claim 1, which is characterized in that fuselage (1) internal cutting module (3) Lower section is equipped with a second inner chamber, and described first, which crushes module (6), is installed in second inner chamber, and first, which crushes module (6), includes Two groups of toothed rotors (7), the toothed rotor (7) intermesh, also, are connected separately with the second line shaft (8).
6. the grinding device of Chinese medicinal material according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the inner wall distance of the second inner chamber The two sides spacing of toothed rotor (7) is 1 millimeter.
7. the grinding device of Chinese medicinal material according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described second crushes module (12) Including ellipse (13), upper tooth plate (122), lower tooth plate (120), position-limiting drum (125) and compressed spring (126), wherein upper tooth plate (122) it intermeshes and is connected by position-limiting drum (125) with lower tooth plate (120), compressed spring (126) is covered in position-limiting drum (125) top of outer wall, upper tooth plate (122) connects ellipse (13), and the ellipse (13) is connected with third line shaft (14)。
8. the grinding device of Chinese medicinal material according to claim 1, which is characterized in that it further include servo motor (20), it should Servo motor (20) is separately connected cutting module (3), the first crushing module (6) and second crushes module (12).
9. the grinding device of Chinese medicinal material according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be equipped with charging at the feed inlet It struggles against (2).
10. the grinding device of Chinese medicinal material according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the discharge outlet is equipped with and leads Hopper (17).
CN201810954933.2A 2018-08-21 2018-08-21 A kind of grinding device of Chinese medicinal material Pending CN108940505A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810954933.2A CN108940505A (en) 2018-08-21 2018-08-21 A kind of grinding device of Chinese medicinal material

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810954933.2A CN108940505A (en) 2018-08-21 2018-08-21 A kind of grinding device of Chinese medicinal material

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108940505A true CN108940505A (en) 2018-12-07

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ID=64473112

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810954933.2A Pending CN108940505A (en) 2018-08-21 2018-08-21 A kind of grinding device of Chinese medicinal material

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108940505A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111940019A (en) * 2020-08-06 2020-11-17 金鑫 Insulator hits garrulous device fast

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111940019A (en) * 2020-08-06 2020-11-17 金鑫 Insulator hits garrulous device fast

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