CN108895663A - A kind of efficient heat pump hot-water system - Google Patents

A kind of efficient heat pump hot-water system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108895663A
CN108895663A CN201810939764.5A CN201810939764A CN108895663A CN 108895663 A CN108895663 A CN 108895663A CN 201810939764 A CN201810939764 A CN 201810939764A CN 108895663 A CN108895663 A CN 108895663A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
heat
heat pump
water tank
source evaporator
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810939764.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐健
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FOSHAN ALTO REFRIGERATION MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
FOSHAN ALTO REFRIGERATION MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by FOSHAN ALTO REFRIGERATION MANUFACTURING Co Ltd filed Critical FOSHAN ALTO REFRIGERATION MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810939764.5A priority Critical patent/CN108895663A/en
Publication of CN108895663A publication Critical patent/CN108895663A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT-GENERATING MEANS, e.g. HEAT PUMPS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H4/00Fluid heaters characterised by the use of heat pumps
    • F24H4/02Water heaters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT-GENERATING MEANS, e.g. HEAT PUMPS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/20Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • F24H9/2007Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices for water heaters
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Thermal Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Heat-Pump Type And Storage Water Heaters (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of efficient heat pump hot-water system, the heat supply in such a way that solar energy is complementary with air source heat pump, solar energy is preferentially used when solar irradiation abundance, starting air source heat pump when solar irradiation deficiency is air source heat pump heat supply, it is possible to reduce resource;The inside of heat supply water tank is arranged in condenser simultaneously, so that the heat transfer medium of the high temperature and pressure by compressor compresses is good by condenser and the water heat transfer effect in heat supply water tank, reduce heat waste, also there is certain temperature by condenser heat transfer medium after cooling, then moisturizing is preheated using preheater, moisturizing after preheating enters back into heat supply water tank, the temperature of the hot water in heat supply water tank is greatly lowered in cold water to avoid temperature too low, effectively improve the temperature of hot water, so that the temperature of hot water is constant, further increase the utilization rate of heat, it is energy-efficient.The present invention is produced for hot water, the especially use for hotel or family.

Description

A kind of efficient heat pump hot-water system
Technical field
The present invention relates to the field of heat-pump hot water supply, in particular to a kind of efficient heat pump hot-water system.
Background technique
Heat pump hot-water system is best one of the equipment of current whole world development and utilization new energy, is after boiler, combustion gas heat Hot water device for making of new generation after hydrophone, electric heater and solar water heater.In today of energy supply growing tension, Heat pump hot-water system is promoted rapidly on the market by its many advantages such as energy-efficient, environmentally friendly, safe, air source heat pump It is, with few electric energy, to absorb a large amount of low temperature heat energy in air using inverse Carnot's principle, becomes high by the compression of compressor Warm energy, is transmitted to water tank, heats water, low energy consumption, high-efficient, speed is fast, safety is good, the feature of environmental protection.But current air Source heat pump water heater is not applied to solar energy intensively;There are also when hot-water supply, it is difficult to it maintains to continue hot-water supply for a long time, Since it is desired that moisturizing, cold water constantly covers again while client is using hot water, and hot water has used how many, and cold water just covers more Few, water tank temperature constantly reduces, and when having used half, water temperature has fallen to customer demand temperature hereinafter, so that thermal water utilization Rate is extremely low.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to:The temperature for providing a kind of hot water is kept constant, energy-saving effect is significantly warm Hot-water heating system is pumped, heat pump and solar energy heating can be combined together, efficiently water is heated to realize.
The solution that the present invention solves its technical problem is:
A kind of efficient heat pump hot-water system, the heat supply water tank including heat pump pipeline and heat pump piping connection, It further include solar energy heating pipeline, the solar energy heating pipeline includes solar thermal collector, connect with solar thermal collector Heat collection water tank, the heat supply water tank is connected to heat collection water tank, and the heat pump pipeline includes water source evaporator, gas source Evaporator, compressor, expansion valve, condenser, the heat pump pipeline is filled with heat transfer medium, the outlet of the compressor It is connect with the import of condenser, the condenser is mounted in heat supply water tank, and the outlet of the condenser is connected with preheating The outside of heat supply water tank is arranged in device, the preheater, and the preheater includes medium pipeline, water lines, and described is pre- Hot device is connected with water pipe, and the water pipe is connected to water lines, the water pipe after preheater with confession The outlet of boiler connection, the medium entrance of the preheater and condenser connects, the media outlet of the preheater with The import of expansion valve connects, and the water source evaporator is connected in parallel with gas source evaporator, the outlet of the expansion valve and water The medium entrance connection of source evaporator, gas source evaporator, the water source evaporator, the media outlet of gas source evaporator and compression The import of machine connects, the side medium and heat pump pipeline connection of the water source evaporator.
As a further improvement of the foregoing solution, the water inlet of the solar thermal collector is connected with water circulating pump, institute The water inlet for the water circulating pump stated and the bottom of heat collection water tank connect, the water outlet and solar thermal collector of the water circulating pump Water inlet, water source evaporator water inlet connection, the water outlet of the water outlet of the solar thermal collector, water source evaporator It is connect with the top of heat collection water tank.
As a further improvement of the foregoing solution, it is electronic to be mounted on heating for the export and import of the water source evaporator Valve.
As a further improvement of the foregoing solution, the water pipe is equipped with water supply electrically operated valve, in heat supply water tank It is in vertically arranged thermometric bar that portion, which is equipped with, and the thermometric bar is equipped with multiple temperature transducers, and multiple temperature transducers are along survey For warm bar in being vertically alternatively arranged setting, the heat pump pipeline further includes control cabinet, the control cabinet respectively with it is multiple Temperature transducer, water supply electrically operated valve, compressor, gas source evaporator, heating motor-driven valve electrical connection.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:By being provided with solar thermal collector, the utilization rate of solar energy can be greatly improved, The heat supply in such a way that solar energy is complementary with air source heat pump preferentially uses solar energy when solar irradiation abundance, works as sunlight Starting air source heat pump when according to deficiency is air source heat pump heat supply, it is possible to reduce resource;Condenser is arranged in heat supply water tank simultaneously Inside imitated so that the heat transfer medium of the high temperature and pressure by compressor compresses is exchanged heat by the water in condenser and heat supply water tank Fruit is good, reduce heat waste, also there is certain temperature by heat transfer medium after cooling, then using preheater to moisturizing into Row preheating, the moisturizing after preheating enters back into heat supply water tank, so that confession is greatly lowered in the cold water for avoiding temperature too low The temperature of hot water in boiler effectively improves the temperature of hot water, so that the temperature of hot water is constant, further increases the benefit of heat It is energy-efficient with rate.
The present invention is produced for hot water, the especially use for hotel or family.
Detailed description of the invention
To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, make required in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing is briefly described.Obviously, described attached drawing is a part of the embodiments of the present invention, rather than is all implemented Example, those skilled in the art without creative efforts, can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other designs Scheme and attached drawing.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
It is carried out below with reference to technical effect of the embodiment and attached drawing to design of the invention, specific structure and generation clear Chu is fully described by, to be completely understood by the purpose of the present invention, feature and effect.Obviously, described embodiment is this hair Bright a part of the embodiment, rather than whole embodiments, based on the embodiment of the present invention, those skilled in the art are not being paid Other embodiments obtained, belong to the scope of protection of the invention under the premise of creative work.In addition, be previously mentioned in text All connection/connection relationships not singly refer to that component directly connects, and referring to can be added deduct according to specific implementation situation by adding Few couple auxiliary, to form more preferably coupling structure.Each technical characteristic in the present invention, in the premise of not conflicting conflict Under can be with combination of interactions.
Referring to Fig.1, this is the embodiment of the present invention, specifically:
A kind of efficient heat pump hot-water system, including heat pump pipeline 1, the supplying hot water being connect with heat pump pipeline 1 Case 2 further includes solar energy heating pipeline 3, and the solar energy heating pipeline 3 includes solar thermal collector 31 and solar energy collection The heat collection water tank 32 that hot device 31 connects, the heat supply water tank 2 are connected to heat collection water tank 32, and the heat pump pipeline 1 wraps Water source evaporator 11, gas source evaporator 12, compressor 13, expansion valve 14, condenser 15 are included, the heat pump pipeline 1 fills There is heat transfer medium, the outlet of the compressor 13 is connect with the import of condenser 15, and the condenser 15 is mounted on heat supply In water tank 2, the outlet of the condenser 15 is connected with preheater 16, and the outer of heat supply water tank 2 is arranged in the preheater 16 Portion, the 16 package media pipeline of preheater, water lines, the preheater 16 are connected with water pipe 17, the benefit Water lines 17 are connected to water lines, and the water pipe 17 is connect after preheater 16 with heat supply water tank 2, the preheating The medium entrance of device 16 is connect with the outlet of condenser 15, and the import of the media outlet and expansion valve 14 of the preheater 16 connects It connects, the water source evaporator 11 is connected in parallel with gas source evaporator 12, the outlet of the expansion valve 14 and water source evaporator 11, the medium entrance connection of gas source evaporator 12, the water source evaporator 11, the media outlet of gas source evaporator 12 and compression The import of machine 13 connects, and the side medium of the water source evaporator 11 is connected to heat pump pipeline 1.By being provided with solar energy Heat collector 31 can greatly improve the utilization rate of solar energy, the heat supply in such a way that solar energy is complementary with air source heat pump, when too Solar energy is preferentially used when sunlight is according to abundance, starting air source heat pump when solar irradiation deficiency is air source heat pump heat supply, can To reduce resource;The inside of heat supply water tank 2 is arranged in condenser 15 simultaneously, so that the high temperature and pressure by the compression of compressor 13 Heat transfer medium is good by condenser 15 and the water heat transfer effect in heat supply water tank 2, reduces heat waste, is situated between by heat transfer after cooling Matter also has certain temperature, then preheats using preheater 16 to moisturizing, and the moisturizing after preheating enters back into In heat supply water tank 2, so that the temperature of the hot water in heat supply water tank 2 is greatly lowered in the cold water for avoiding temperature too low, effectively improve The temperature of hot water further increases the utilization rate of heat so that the temperature of hot water is constant, energy-efficient.
It is further used as preferred embodiment, the water inlet of the solar thermal collector 31 is connected with water circulating pump 33, the water inlet of the water circulating pump 33 is connect with the bottom of heat collection water tank 32, the water outlet of the water circulating pump 33 with The water inlet connection of the water inlet, water source evaporator 11 of solar thermal collector 31, the water outlet of the solar thermal collector 31, The water outlet of water source evaporator 11 is connect with the top of heat collection water tank 32.Solar thermal collector 31 is improved by water circulating pump 33 Heat exchange amount also improves water source evaporator 11 and heat to improve the raised efficiency of hot water, while under the pressurization of water circulating pump 33 Heat transfer medium heat transfer effect in pump heating pipeline 1, accelerates the speed of heat transfer medium heating, a whole set of when solar irradiation abundance System is mainly to lean on the heating of solar energy, the heat of the hot water in heat collection water tank 32 is given heat pump pipeline 1, to improve At this moment the efficiency that heat pump pipeline 1 heats mainly exchanges heat to the cold water of moisturizing, according to Carnot cycle, in outside The heat of lower low-temperature heat source of doing work can just transmit high temperature heat source, this evaporator heat transfer effect, to reduce entire circulation External work amount, be both reduce by 13 load of compressor, to reduce energy consumption.
It is further used as preferred embodiment, the export and import of the water source evaporator 11 is mounted on heating electricity Dynamic valve 34.The evaporator on heat pump heating tube road 1 can be switched by heating motor-driven valve 34, water source evaporator can be selected as needed 11 or gas source evaporator 12 works independently or water source evaporator 11 works together with gas source evaporator 12, adjustability is strong.
It is further used as preferred embodiment, the water pipe 17 is equipped with water supply electrically operated valve 18, in heat supply water tank 2 To be equipped be in vertically arranged thermometric bar 21 for inside, the thermometric bar 21 is equipped with multiple temperature transducers 22, multiple thermometrics For sensor 22 along thermometric bar 21 in vertically setting is alternatively arranged, the heat pump pipeline 1 further includes control cabinet 19, described Control cabinet 19 respectively with multiple temperature transducers 22, water supply electrically operated valve 18, compressor 13, gas source evaporator 12, heating motor-driven valve 34 electrical connections.Control cabinet 19 can control 1 start and stop of heat pump pipeline according to the temperature of hot water in heat supply water tank 2, when temperature drops Low, heat pump pipeline 1 starts, and compressor 13 operates, and opens water supply electrically operated valve 18, heating motor-driven valve 34, gas source evaporator 12 On fan rotation, to realize that hot water temperature's is constant, while to can detect heat supply water tank 2 different high for multiple temperature transducers 22 The water temperature of degree improves the range and accuracy of thermometric.
Better embodiment of the invention is illustrated above, but the present invention is not limited to the embodiment, Those skilled in the art can also make various equivalent modifications or replacement on the premise of without prejudice to spirit of the invention, this Equivalent variation or replacement are all included in the scope defined by the claims of the present application a bit.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of efficient heat pump hot-water system, including heat pump pipeline (1), the heat supply being connect with heat pump pipeline (1) Water tank (2), it is characterised in that:It further include solar energy heating pipeline (3), the solar energy heating pipeline (3) includes solar energy Heat collector (31), the heat collection water tank (32) being connect with solar thermal collector (31), the heat supply water tank (2) and heat collection water tank (32) it is connected to, the heat pump pipeline (1) includes water source evaporator (11), gas source evaporator (12), compressor (13), swollen Swollen valve (14), condenser (15), the heat pump pipeline (1) is filled with heat transfer medium, the outlet of the compressor (13) It is connect with the import of condenser (15), the condenser (15) is mounted in heat supply water tank (2), the condenser (15) Outlet is connected with preheater (16), and the preheater (16) is arranged in the outside of heat supply water tank (2), the preheater (16) Including medium pipeline, water lines, the preheater (16) is connected with water pipe (17), the water pipe (17) and water Pipeline connection, the water pipe (17) are connect after preheater (16) with heat supply water tank (2), the preheater (16) Medium entrance connect with the outlet of condenser (15), the import of the media outlet of the preheater (16) and expansion valve (14) Connection, the water source evaporator (11) are connected in parallel with gas source evaporator (12), the outlet of the expansion valve (14) and water The medium entrance connection of source evaporator (11), gas source evaporator (12), the water source evaporator (11), gas source evaporator (12) Media outlet connect with the import of compressor (13), the side medium of the water source evaporator (11) and heat pump pipeline (1) it is connected to.
2. a kind of efficient heat pump hot-water system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The solar thermal collector (31) water inlet is connected with water circulating pump (33), the water inlet of the water circulating pump (33) and the bottom of heat collection water tank (32) Connection, the water inlets of the water outlet of the water circulating pump (33) and solar thermal collector (31), water source evaporator (11) into Mouth of a river connection, the water outlet of the solar thermal collector (31), the water outlet of water source evaporator (11) and heat collection water tank (32) Top connection.
3. a kind of efficient heat pump hot-water system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The water source evaporator (11) export and import is mounted on heating motor-driven valve (34).
4. a kind of efficient heat pump hot-water system according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The water pipe (17) Equipped with water supply electrically operated valve (18), being equipped in the inside of heat supply water tank (2) is in vertically arranged thermometric bar (21), the thermometric bar (21) it is equipped with multiple temperature transducers (22), multiple temperature transducers (22) set along thermometric bar (21) in vertical be alternatively arranged Set, the heat pump pipeline (1) further includes control cabinet (19), the control cabinet (19) respectively with multiple temperature transducers (22), water supply electrically operated valve (18), compressor (13), gas source evaporator (12), heating motor-driven valve (34) electrical connection.
CN201810939764.5A 2018-08-17 2018-08-17 A kind of efficient heat pump hot-water system Pending CN108895663A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810939764.5A CN108895663A (en) 2018-08-17 2018-08-17 A kind of efficient heat pump hot-water system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810939764.5A CN108895663A (en) 2018-08-17 2018-08-17 A kind of efficient heat pump hot-water system

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CN108895663A true CN108895663A (en) 2018-11-27

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110307673A (en) * 2019-06-22 2019-10-08 太原理工大学 A kind of solar energy synergy heat pump system
CN110454855A (en) * 2019-08-20 2019-11-15 天津商业大学 A kind of adjustable heat accumulating type combined solar energy heat pump heating system
CN115143506A (en) * 2022-06-30 2022-10-04 合肥中南光电有限公司 Heat storage heating type solar photovoltaic photo-thermal system

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5765537A (en) * 1980-10-11 1982-04-21 Taada:Kk Hot water supply system
CN103162422A (en) * 2011-12-16 2013-06-19 陕西科林能源发展股份有限公司 Household composite type water heater adopting solar heat pump embedded on building balcony and air source heat pump
CN204404527U (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-06-17 佛山意德美邦科技有限公司 A kind of heavy duty detergent air source hot pump water heater
CN107024005A (en) * 2017-05-13 2017-08-08 上海博阳新能源科技股份有限公司 A kind of PVT combinations direct drive heat pump formula power generation and heat supply water system

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5765537A (en) * 1980-10-11 1982-04-21 Taada:Kk Hot water supply system
CN103162422A (en) * 2011-12-16 2013-06-19 陕西科林能源发展股份有限公司 Household composite type water heater adopting solar heat pump embedded on building balcony and air source heat pump
CN204404527U (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-06-17 佛山意德美邦科技有限公司 A kind of heavy duty detergent air source hot pump water heater
CN107024005A (en) * 2017-05-13 2017-08-08 上海博阳新能源科技股份有限公司 A kind of PVT combinations direct drive heat pump formula power generation and heat supply water system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110307673A (en) * 2019-06-22 2019-10-08 太原理工大学 A kind of solar energy synergy heat pump system
CN110307673B (en) * 2019-06-22 2021-09-28 太原理工大学 Solar energy synergistic heat pump system
CN110454855A (en) * 2019-08-20 2019-11-15 天津商业大学 A kind of adjustable heat accumulating type combined solar energy heat pump heating system
CN115143506A (en) * 2022-06-30 2022-10-04 合肥中南光电有限公司 Heat storage heating type solar photovoltaic photo-thermal system
CN115143506B (en) * 2022-06-30 2023-04-14 合肥中南光电有限公司 Heat storage heating type solar photovoltaic photo-thermal system

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Application publication date: 20181127

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