CN108840702A - A kind of haydite and preparation method thereof containing gasifier slag - Google Patents

A kind of haydite and preparation method thereof containing gasifier slag Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN108840702A
CN108840702A CN201810910432.4A CN201810910432A CN108840702A CN 108840702 A CN108840702 A CN 108840702A CN 201810910432 A CN201810910432 A CN 201810910432A CN 108840702 A CN108840702 A CN 108840702A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
raw material
parts
haydite
gasifier slag
adhesive
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810910432.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108840702B (en
Inventor
郭志国
蔡宜东
何薇
魏永洋
平倩
王军岩
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xinjiang tianwu ecological environmental protection Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Xinjiang All Kinds Of Things In Nature Eco Science Technology Ltd Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xinjiang All Kinds Of Things In Nature Eco Science Technology Ltd Co filed Critical Xinjiang All Kinds Of Things In Nature Eco Science Technology Ltd Co
Priority to CN201810910432.4A priority Critical patent/CN108840702B/en
Publication of CN108840702A publication Critical patent/CN108840702A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108840702B publication Critical patent/CN108840702B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/009Porous or hollow ceramic granular materials, e.g. microballoons
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/1305Organic additives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/1315Non-ceramic binders
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/132Waste materials; Refuse; Residues
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/132Waste materials; Refuse; Residues
    • C04B33/1328Waste materials; Refuse; Residues without additional clay
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/32Burning methods
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/626Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B
    • C04B35/63Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B using additives specially adapted for forming the products, e.g.. binder binders
    • C04B35/632Organic additives
    • C04B35/634Polymers
    • C04B35/63448Polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C04B35/63472Condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones
    • C04B35/63476Phenol-formaldehyde condensation polymers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3217Aluminum oxide or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. bauxite, alpha-alumina
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3418Silicon oxide, silicic acids, or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. silica sol, fused silica, silica fume, cristobalite, quartz or flint
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/44Metal salt constituents or additives chosen for the nature of the anions, e.g. hydrides or acetylacetonate
    • C04B2235/444Halide containing anions, e.g. bromide, iodate, chlorite
    • C04B2235/445Fluoride containing anions, e.g. fluosilicate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/65Aspects relating to heat treatments of ceramic bodies such as green ceramics or pre-sintered ceramics, e.g. burning, sintering or melting processes
    • C04B2235/656Aspects relating to heat treatments of ceramic bodies such as green ceramics or pre-sintered ceramics, e.g. burning, sintering or melting processes characterised by specific heating conditions during heat treatment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/60Production of ceramic materials or ceramic elements, e.g. substitution of clay or shale by alternative raw materials, e.g. ashes

Abstract

The invention belongs to fuel residues as the preparation of batch or handle the technology field of raw material, disclose a kind of haydite containing gasifier slag, the raw material including following mass parts:50-70 parts of gasifier slag, 3-5 parts of adhesive, 4-7 parts of auxiliary agent, auxiliary agent be silica, fluorite or aluminium oxide any one.Its preparation process includes raw material being carried out crushing and screening, and be uniformly mixed with adhesive and auxiliary agent, and water is added and pelletizes, and forms raw material, then dried to raw material, calcine to form semi-finished product, and will form haydite finished product after semi-finished product cooling.The present invention solves the problems, such as that prior art gasifier slag abandons, landfill causes environmental pollution.

Description

A kind of haydite and preparation method thereof containing gasifier slag
Technical field
The invention belongs to fuel residues as the preparation of batch or handle the technology field of raw material, and in particular to Yi Zhonghan There is the haydite and preparation method thereof of gasifier slag.
Background technique
Haydite, is exactly the particle of ceramic, and external appearance characteristic is largely rounded, oval-shaped ball or irregular rubble shape, It is widely used in building field.The surface of haydite is one layer of hard shell, and shell is in ceramic or enamel, protects gas with water proof Effect, and make haydite intensity with higher.
The now preparation of current haydite is mainly prepared using clay shale pottery sand or flyash ceramic sand as raw material 's;Flyash refers in electrical process, the fine ash collected in the flue gas of discharge.Using flyash ceramic sand as raw material energy It is enough that waste utilization is carried out to flyash, it is not only energy saving, but also can be avoided fine coal ash fouling environment, play the effect of environmental protection.And it is electrical During processing, can also generate gasifier slag, if not by its rationally using and carry out discarding landfill disposal, will seriously pollute Environment and the waste for causing vast resources.
And gasifier slag is similar with flyash constituent, but there is also apparent differences, gasifier slag is coal in high temperature The by-product generated under high pressure weakly reducing atmosphere, and flyash is the by-product that coal occurs that burning generates under high temperature oxidative atmosphere Object so its internal structure and at being grouped as certain difference, therefore makes haydite using gasifier slag as raw material and is also It is worth research, a kind of haydite containing gasifier slag is proposed with this.
Summary of the invention
The invention is intended to provide a kind of haydite and preparation method thereof containing gasifier slag, to solve prior art gasification furnace The problem of slag abandons, landfill causes environmental pollution.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions, a kind of haydite containing gasifier slag, including following The raw material of mass parts:50-70 parts of gasifier slag, 3-5 parts of adhesive, 4-7 parts of auxiliary agent, auxiliary agent are silica, fluorite or oxidation Any one in aluminium.
The present invention also provides another base case, a kind of preparation method of the haydite containing gasifier slag, including following step Suddenly:
Step 1 is crushed gasifier slag and is sieved, so that the partial size of gasifier slag is less than 2-4mm, and will gasification Clinker is mixed with adhesive and auxiliary agent, forms mixed material;
Step 2 mixes the mixed material of formation with water, and the weight ratio of water and mixed material is 1:1.5, and utilize and make The raw material that diameter is 6-12mm are made in mixed material by grain machine;
Step 3 dries raw material;
Step 4 calcines the raw material after drying using calciner plant, and the time of calcining is 1-1.5h, forms haydite Semi-finished product;
Manufactured semi-finished product is cooled to room temperature by step 5, forms haydite finished product.
The technical program has the beneficial effect that:
Using gasifier slag as the primary raw material for preparing haydite, gasification cinder can be utilized, play change give up into Precious effect, while the pollution of environment is avoided, play the effect of environmental protection.By using in silica, fluorite or aluminium oxide Any one is as auxiliary agent, the characteristic that gasification cinder itself can be overcome more crisp, to avoid the haydite of preparation frangible;Lead to simultaneously Proportion adhesive is crossed, can either make gasification cinder, adhesive and auxiliary agent that there is preferable bonding effect, it is easily molded, have simultaneously Can be avoided between the haydite of preparation does not have the appearance of the case where variation of soaking effect caused by hole.
Gasifier slag is ground into the particle of 2-4mm in the preparation, and the characteristic of gasifier slag itself, belong to porous knot Structure, thus prepare haydite inside can be in porous gap, have the effect of it is light, while porous structure be conducive to improve make pottery The intensity of grain.By the drying to raw material, the moisture in raw material is enabled to distribute a part, can be avoided the raw material in calcining The case where raw material crushing caused by quick dehydration, occurs.
Further, the mass parts of each raw material are:60 parts of gasifier slag, 4 parts of adhesive, 6 parts of auxiliary agent.
Beneficial effect:It is experimentally confirmed, the intensity of the haydite of each raw material preparation of the proportion is high, and light weight.
Further, the mass parts of each raw material are:50 parts of gasifier slag, 3 parts of adhesive, 4 parts of auxiliary agent.
Beneficial effect:It is experimentally confirmed, the intensity of the haydite of each raw material preparation of the proportion is high.
Further, the mass parts of each raw material are:70 parts of gasifier slag, 5 parts of adhesive, 7 parts of auxiliary agent.
Beneficial effect:It is experimentally confirmed, the intensity of the haydite of each raw material preparation of the proportion is high.
Further, the adhesive is the mixing of any one in clay or B4C modified phenolic resin adhesive or two kinds Object.
Beneficial effect:It is experimentally confirmed, enables to the good forming effect of haydite, and B4C modified alkyd resin glue Stick can be resistant to 1500 DEG C of high temperature, therefore can be avoided haydite appearance the case where adhesive thawing during calcining.
Further, the adhesive is the mixture of clay and B4C modified phenolic resin adhesive, and clay and B4C change Property synvaren mass ratio be 3:1.
Beneficial effect:It is experimentally confirmed, the percentage of damage in haydite preparation process is low.
It further, is 450-650 DEG C to the drying temperature of raw material in the step 3.
Beneficial effect:It can be avoided raw material to be crushed during drying.
Further, in the step 4, the temperature of calcining is 1200-1300 DEG C.
Beneficial effect:Enable to the better effect of calcining.
Further, in the step 5, cooling includes four-stage, and the first stage is to be cooled down at 500-800 DEG C, Second stage is to be cooled down at 300-400 DEG C, and the phase III is to be cooled down at 100-150 DEG C, and fourth stage is will The placement of haydite finished product cools down at normal temperature.
Beneficial effect:Can be realized and slowly cool down to haydite, avoid calcined haydite because quickly cooling caused by The broken situation of haydite occurs.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of calciner plant in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is that changeover valve fits with rack schematic diagram in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of part A in Fig. 1.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
Appended drawing reference in Figure of description includes:Feed pipe 1, tilting section 11, vertical section 12, the first T-type plate 13, second T-type plate 14, through-hole 15, connecting rod 16, furnace body 2, smoke guide port 21, discharge port 22, sleeve 3, slide plate 31, outlet flue 32, storage smoke box 4, conduit 41, changeover valve 42, gear ring 43, rack gear 44, supporting table 5, diversion platform 51, stop collar 52, limiting stand 53, air guide channel 54, bearer network 6, gas inlet pipe 7, air inlet section 71, mixing section 72, air outlet section 73, turbine 74, blade 75, air intake duct 8, Electromagnet 9, the first conductive sheet 91, the second conductive sheet 92.
A kind of haydite containing gasifier slag, including gasifier slag, adhesive and auxiliary agent, adhesive are that clay or B4C change Property synvaren in any one or two kinds mixture, auxiliary agent be silica, fluorite or aluminium oxide any one.
Each parameter of the embodiment of the present invention is as shown in table 1:
Table 1
Now by taking embodiment 1 as an example, a kind of preparation method of the haydite containing gasifier slag of the present invention is illustrated.
A kind of preparation method of the haydite containing gasifier slag, includes the following steps:
Step 1 is crushed gasifier slag using crusher, so that the partial size of gasification filter residue is less than 3mm and spare, And adequately mixed spare gasifier slag with the mixture of clay and B4C modified phenolic resin adhesive, it is formed mixed It is spare to close material.
Step 2 mixes mixed material with water, and the weight ratio of mixed material and water is 1:1, and utilize pelletizer The raw material that diameter is 10-12mm are made in the mixed material for being blended with water.
Step 3 dries raw material using 610 DEG C of temperature, and the time of drying is 10min, realizes to the pre- of raw material The appearance of the case where heat, raw material crushing caused by avoiding raw material from directly being calcined.
Step 4 calcines the raw material after drying using calciner plant, and the temperature of calcining is 1280 DEG C, calcining when Between be 1.3h, calcining after the completion of formed semi-finished product.
Step 5 cools down manufactured semi-finished product, and cooling is divided into four-stage, and the first stage is at 700 DEG C Under cooled down, cooling time 11min;Second stage is cooled down at 360 DEG C, cooling time 8min;Third rank Section be to be cooled down at 130 DEG C, cooling time 15min, fourth stage is room temperature cooling, after haydite is cooled to room temperature, It is collected, forms haydite finished product.
It is dried in step 3 using calciner plant, the calciner plant used further includes as shown in Figure 1, including rack Feed pipe 1, calcination section and the intake section being sequentially fixed in rack from top to bottom, feed pipe 1 include tilting section 11 and with inclination The vertical section 12 of section 11 right ends connection, the left end of tilting section 11 are high-end.
It is slidably connected on tilting section 11 through the first T-type plate 13 of 11 upper side wall of tilting section and positioned at the first T-type plate 13 The partition of tilting section 11 is the cavity of sealing by the second T-type plate 14 of top, the first T-type plate 13 and the second T-type plate 14, the sealing Cavity is drying space, and the first T-type plate 13 and the second T-type plate 14 are perpendicular to tilting section 11, the first T-type plate 13 and the second T-type Connecting rod 16 is fixed between the top of plate 14, the first T-type plate 13 and 14 lower part of the second T-type plate are located at the part outside tilting section 11 Equipped with through-hole 15.
Calcination section includes the furnace body 2 that top is connected to 12 bottom end of vertical section, and the bottom of furnace body 2 is equipped with igniter, and furnace body 2 is right The bottom of side wall is equipped with discharge port 22, and sealing cover is threaded at discharge port 22, and the left side at 2 top of furnace body is equipped with smoke guide port 21, top is fixed with the sleeve 3 being connected to smoke guide port 21 on furnace body 2, and slide plate 31, slide plate 31 and furnace are slidably connected in sleeve 3 Spring is fixed between 2 top of body, the bottom end of the first T-type plate 13 is located in sleeve 3.The left side wall of sleeve 3 is located at slide plate 31 Top is equipped with outlet flue 32, and smoke check valve is equipped in outlet flue 32, when the pressure in sleeve 3 increases, cigarette in sleeve 3 from Outlet flue 32 is discharged.The low side of first T-type plate 13 is located at the top of outlet flue 32.
The storage smoke box 4 being connected to outlet flue 32 is fixed in rack, the outer wall of storage smoke box 4 is equipped with insulating layer, stores up smoke box 4 It is connected between drying space by conduit 41, dust settling pocket is equipped in conduit 41, conduit 41 is equipped with changeover valve 42, in conjunction with figure Shown in 2,42 peripheral hardware rack gear 43 of changeover valve, the part that the second T-type plate 14 is located at the lower section of through-hole 15 is equipped with nibbles with gear ring 43 The rack gear 44 of conjunction.
2 bottom of furnace body is fixed with supporting table 5, and the diversion platform 51 of cone cell is fixed at the top of supporting table 5, and 2 inner wall of furnace body is fixed There are three the bearer network 6 set gradually from top to bottom, bearer network 6 is in inverted round table-like, and is wrapped in outside supporting table 5.Branch Support 5 outer wall of platform is slidably connected there are three the limiting stand 53 that can be offseted respectively with three 6 bottom ends of bearer network, and limiting stand 53 is in rotary table Shape, 5 periphery of supporting table is fixed there are three the stop collar 52 for being located at three limiting stands, 53 lower section, and stop collar 52 is for limiting Position platform 53 glides.The bigger diameter end of bearer network 6 is fixed on the inner wall of furnace body, and the miner diameter end diameter of limiting stand 53 is greater than bearer network 6 Miner diameter end diameter.
The bottom of limiting stand 53 is equipped with magnet block, and the bottom of furnace body 2 is equipped with the electromagnet 9 for repelling magnet block;Tilting section 11 top is fixed with power supply, as shown in figure 3, power supply electrifying is connected with and is fixed on 11 upper surface of tilting section and is located at the first T-type plate First conductive sheet 91 of 13 lower sections, the bottom of the first T-type plate 13 is fixed with the second conductive sheet 92 being electrically connected with electromagnet 9.When First T-type plate 13 is snapped down to when offseting with 11 upper surface of tilting section, and the first conductive sheet 91 is bonded with the second conductive sheet 92, electromagnet 9 are connected to power supply, and generate the magnetic field for repelling magnet block, so that limiting stand 53 offsets with 6 bottom of bearer network;As the first T When sliding on template 13, the first conductive sheet 91 and the second conductive sheet 92 are detached from, so that electromagnet 9 and power supply disconnect, electromagnet 9 The magnetic field of the repulsion magnet block of generation disappears, therefore limiting stand 53 glides.
Intake section includes one end through 5 bottom of supporting table and the gas inlet pipe 7 in supporting table 5, gas inlet pipe 7 One end outside supporting table 5 is connected to gas pump.Gas inlet pipe 7 includes the air outlet section 73 being sequentially communicated from top to bottom, mixes It closes section 72 and air inlet section 71, air outlet section 73 is located in supporting table 5, be equipped with several in supporting table 5 and connect air outlet section 73 and furnace body 2 Logical air guide channel 54 is equipped with outgassing nonreturn valve in air guide channel 54, and when the pressure in air outlet section 73 increases, gas passes through Air guide channel 54 is discharged.The lower part of mixing section 72 is communicated with air intake duct 8, is communicated with air pump on air intake duct 8.
The shaft through air inlet section 71 is rotatably connected in air inlet section 71, shaft is located on the part in air inlet section 71 fixed There is turbine 74;The rotation axis through mixing section 72 is rotatably connected in mixing section 72, rotation axis is externally provided with several blades 75, rotation It is driven between axis and shaft by belt.
When being dried and calcined using calciner plant, raw material are put into tilting section 11, raw material are along in tilting section 11 Wall sliding, and stopped by the second T-type plate 14.Gas pump and air pump are opened again, and combustion gas enters mixed by air inlet section 71 It closes in section 72, when turbine 74 is passed through in combustion gas, drives turbine 74 to rotate by the effect of air-flow, and be driven by belt and realize rotation Rotation of the axis with movable vane piece 75.Air is entered in mixing section 72 by air intake duct 8, and realizes combustion by the rotation of blade 75 The mixing of gas and air enters back into air outlet section 73, and is discharged into furnace body 2 by air guide channel 54, and initial igniter carries out The preheating to furnace body 2 is realized in igniting.
After the temperature of furnace body 2 increases, hot gas can be generated and be discharged into sleeve 3 by smoke guide port 21, to push up cunning Plate 31, after slide plate 31 is located at 32 top of outlet flue, the hot gas in sleeve 3 is stored up in smoke box 4 by the discharge of outlet flue 32, with storage Hot gas in smoke box 4 increases, and the pressure stored up in smoke box 4 increases.When the pressure difference of smoke check valve two sides is smaller, hot gas is no longer Into in storage smoke box 4, the pressure in sleeve 3 is gradually increased again, therefore upward sliding under the action of hot gas of slide plate 31, gradually It offsets with the low side of the first T-type plate 13, and the first T-type plate 13 is pushed to move up, and pass through the connection of connecting rod 16, so that the 2nd T Template 14 and the first T-type plate 13 are above slided together, and through-hole 15 are gradually connected to tilting section 11, therefore raw material pass through the 2nd T Through-hole 15 on template 14 enters in drying space.When the second T-type 14 upward sliding of plate, rack gear 44 is moved up, so that gear ring 43 is sent out Hot gas is discharged into drying space to realize the rotation of changeover valve 42 and opening, realizes the drying to raw material by raw rotation.
After a period of time, it is manually pressed down against connecting rod 16, so that connecting rod 16 drives the first T-type plate 13 and the second T-type Plate 14 glides, and through-hole 15 is made to skid off tilting section 11, stops to raw material, and a part slides into drying space, and leads to The hot gas that storage smoke box 4 imports in drying space is crossed to dry raw material.When the second T-type plate 14 glides simultaneously, so that rotary valve 42 reversion of door is closed, and when the first T-type plate 13 moves down, is pressed down against sleeve 3, so that the pressure in sleeve 3 increases, and is stored up smoke box 4 Interior hot gas is reduced, and pressure reduces, and occurs biggish pressure difference between sleeve 3 and storage smoke box 4, thus the hot gas in sleeve 3 into Enter to store up in smoke box 4.
As hot gas is again introduced into storage smoke box 4, so that the pressure difference between storage smoke box 4 and sleeve 3 is gradually reduced, work as set It is sliding on slide plate 31 after hot gas in cylinder 3 does not enter back into storage smoke box 4, it drives and is slided on the first T-type plate 13 and the second T-type plate 14, so that Raw material after drying skid off drying space by the through-hole 15 on the first T-type plate 13, and slide into furnace body 2 by vertical section 12 It is interior, and then passed through in the slide-in drying of the through-hole 15 on the second T-type plate 14 space by the raw material that the second T-type plate 14 stops and dried It is dry.
Raw material after drying drop down on diversion platform 51 after entering furnace body 2, by 51 water conservancy diversion of diversion platform, uniformly flow to top On the bearer network 6 in portion.After raw material after drying skid off drying space, it is press-connected bar 16, so that the first T-type plate 13 and second T-type plate 14 glides, so that the first conductive sheet 91 is contacted with the second conductive sheet 92, realizes that electromagnet 9 is connected to power supply, thus So that cunning offsets with bearer network 6 on limiting stand 53, realization is supported the raw material on the bearer network 6 at top.
When slide plate 31 drives the first T-type plate 13 and the second T-type plate 14 upper sliding again, the first conductive sheet 91 and second is conductive Piece 92 is detached from, and electromagnet 9 and power supply disconnect, and limiting stand 53 is snapped down under the gravity of self gravity and raw material and stop collar 52 offset, and make raw material along inclined 53 side walls of limiting stand, then drop down onto 6 top of bearer network at middle part, and in The bearer network 6 in portion glides.During the raw material on the bearer network 6 on top glide, the raw material after drying in space are dried again It is secondary to enter in furnace body 2, and drop down on the bearer network 6 on top, and another part raw material enter in drying space.It is press-connected bar again 16 make the first T-type plate 13 and the second T-type plate 14 glide, and stop to realize to the raw material in drying space, Yi Jishi The upper cunning of existing limiting stand 53 is supported the raw material in furnace body 2.
It repeats the above steps, after the completion of raw material drop down onto 2 bottom of furnace body and calcine, forms semi-finished product, and by going out Material mouth 22 is taken out.
Drying is carried out to raw material using above-mentioned calciner plant and calcining has the following effects that:
1. the hot gas and flue gas by generating furnace body 2 import in drying space, the drying to raw material can be realized, simultaneously It is able to carry out reusing for heat, compared with separately setting drying equipment, equipment cost can either be saved, and can be energy saving It uses;
2. it can be realized and raw material are gradually calcined by three bearer networks 6 of setting, it is big with directly being poured into furnace body 2 The raw material of amount are compared, and can be avoided the case where raw material are not readily separated caused by conglomeration during calcining appearance;
3. can be realized the buffering to raw material by three bearer networks 6 of setting, and directly pouring into raw material phase into furnace body 2 Than raw material are slided by three bearer networks 6, and along three bearer networks 6, then drop down onto the bottom of furnace body 2, can be avoided raw material It is broken, to reduce the molding percentage of damage of haydite;
4. during raw material successively slide from top to bottom, slight shock can occur with bearer network 6, so that raw material occur Slight vibration, therefore when there is raw material conglomeration, it can be separated by slight vibration realizing.
Embodiment 1 is only that parameter as shown in Table 1 is different from the difference of embodiment 2-8.
Experiment:
Each parameter of comparative example 1-8 is as shown in table 2:
Table 2
Comparative example 1 and the difference of embodiment 1 are only that, calciner plant provided by the invention is not used and forges to raw material It burns;Comparative example 2-8 is only that parameter as shown in Table 2 is different from the difference of embodiment 1.
Now to choose 16 groups of raw material, every group of raw material include 60kg gasification filter residue, 3kg clay, the modified phenol of 1kg B4C Urea formaldehyde adhesive, 6kg silica are utilized respectively embodiment 1-8, comparative example 1-8 and provide the preparation method preparation pottery of haydite Grain records following data:
A, the percentage of damage (%) of the standby haydite of record-keeping system;
B, the conglomeration rate (%) of the standby haydite of record-keeping system;
C, haydite each 50 that embodiment 1-8 and comparative example 1-8 is provided are chosen, is placed on the iron block of 1kg apart from haydite 5cm height, and unclamp iron block, the broken quantity (grain) of record haydite.
Experimental result is as shown in table 3:
Table 3
It can be seen that the intensity of the haydite provided by the invention containing gasifier slag is larger, and provided using the present invention The preparation method of haydite when preparing haydite percentage of damage and conglomeration rate it is lower, calcined by using calciner plant, can Ensure that raw material are slowly heated and calcined, while raw material are buffered when entering furnace body by bearer network, can be avoided life Material directly falls to rupture caused by bottom of furnace body, while being separated by bearer network to a large amount of raw material, can reduce life The conglomeration of material.Wherein above-mentioned each effect of embodiment 1 is best.
For those skilled in the art, under the premise of not departing from technical solution of the present invention, if can also make Dry modification and improvement, these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these all will not influence this patent implementation effect and Patent practicability.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of haydite containing gasifier slag, which is characterized in that the raw material including following mass parts:50-70 parts of gasifier slag, 3-5 parts of adhesive, 4-7 parts of auxiliary agent, auxiliary agent are any one in silica, fluorite or aluminium oxide.
2. the haydite according to claim 1 containing gasifier slag, which is characterized in that the mass parts of each raw material are:Gasification 60 parts of clinker, 4 parts of adhesive, 6 parts of auxiliary agent.
3. the haydite according to claim 1 containing gasifier slag, which is characterized in that the mass parts of each raw material are:Gasification 50 parts of clinker, 3 parts of adhesive, 4 parts of auxiliary agent.
4. the haydite according to claim 1 containing gasifier slag, which is characterized in that the mass parts of each raw material are:Gasification 70 parts of clinker, 5 parts of adhesive, 7 parts of auxiliary agent.
5. the haydite according to any one of claims 1-4 containing gasifier slag, it is characterised in that:The adhesive is Any one in clay or B4C modified phenolic resin adhesive or two kinds of mixture.
6. the haydite according to claim 5 containing gasifier slag, it is characterised in that:The adhesive is clay and B4C The mixture of modified phenolic resin adhesive, and the mass ratio of clay and B4C modified phenolic resin adhesive is 3:1.
7. the preparation method of the haydite according to claim 6 containing gasifier slag, which is characterized in that including following step Suddenly:
Step 1 is crushed gasifier slag and is sieved, so that the partial size of gasifier slag is less than 2-4mm, and by gasifier slag It is mixed with adhesive and auxiliary agent, forms mixed material;
Step 2 mixes the mixed material of formation with water, and the weight ratio of water and mixed material is 1:1.5 and utilizing pelletizer The raw material that diameter is 6-12mm are made in mixed material;
Step 3 dries raw material;
Step 4 calcines the raw material after drying using calciner plant, and time of calcining is 1-1.5h, formed haydite half at Product;
Manufactured semi-finished product is cooled to room temperature by step 5, forms haydite finished product.
8. the preparation method of the haydite according to claim 7 containing gasifier slag, it is characterised in that:In the step 3 Drying temperature to raw material is 450-650 DEG C.
9. the preparation method of the haydite according to claim 8 containing gasifier slag, it is characterised in that:The step 4 In, the temperature of calcining is 1200-1300 DEG C.
10. the preparation method of the haydite according to claim 9 containing gasifier slag, it is characterised in that:The step 5 In, cooling includes four-stage, and the first stage is to be cooled down at 500-800 DEG C, second stage be at 300-400 DEG C into Row cooling, phase III are to be cooled down at 100-150 DEG C, and fourth stage is to cool down the placement of haydite finished product at normal temperature.
CN201810910432.4A 2018-08-10 2018-08-10 Ceramsite containing gasification furnace slag and preparation method thereof Active CN108840702B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810910432.4A CN108840702B (en) 2018-08-10 2018-08-10 Ceramsite containing gasification furnace slag and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810910432.4A CN108840702B (en) 2018-08-10 2018-08-10 Ceramsite containing gasification furnace slag and preparation method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108840702A true CN108840702A (en) 2018-11-20
CN108840702B CN108840702B (en) 2020-12-01

Family

ID=64193183

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810910432.4A Active CN108840702B (en) 2018-08-10 2018-08-10 Ceramsite containing gasification furnace slag and preparation method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108840702B (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110294633A (en) * 2018-03-23 2019-10-01 国家能源投资集团有限责任公司 The method that porous ceramics and gasification slag prepare porous ceramics
CN111606692A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-09-01 西安建筑科技大学 Ceramsite proppant prepared from industrial waste gasification furnace slag and preparation process

Citations (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3832128A (en) * 1973-07-11 1974-08-27 Fuller Co Process and apparatus for preheating solid particulate materials
JP2001239132A (en) * 2000-02-29 2001-09-04 Ube Ind Ltd Method for removing chlorine in cement kiln exhaust gas via chlorine bypass and device therefor
CN2476779Y (en) * 2001-04-29 2002-02-13 杨普安 Cylinder sectional ring kiln
CN2612916Y (en) * 2003-04-10 2004-04-21 冯家科 Combination ceramisite vertical agglomeration kiln
CN101016163A (en) * 2006-02-09 2007-08-15 朱作远 Technique of preparing barium hydroxide by shaft kiln calcination witherite
EP1515925B1 (en) * 2002-06-21 2008-05-07 Sokolowski, Janusz Rotary furnace for manufacturing light building aggregate
CN101182970A (en) * 2007-11-15 2008-05-21 北京建邦伟业机械制造有限公司 Coal ash haydite fritting furnace, sintering method and formula thereof
CN201262514Y (en) * 2008-08-29 2009-06-24 张少华 Chamber type coal ash haydite sintering furnace
CN101592436A (en) * 2009-07-02 2009-12-02 南京中圣园机电设备有限公司 Three-cylinder concentric shaft kiln
CN101614472A (en) * 2009-07-31 2009-12-30 吉林省建筑材料工业设计研究院 A kind of inner spiral drum-type rotary kiln
CN102125982A (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-07-20 重庆长江造型材料(集团)有限公司 Full-counterflow heat exchange two-section type casting waste sand roasting furnace
CN102200394A (en) * 2011-05-12 2011-09-28 浙江方远建材科技有限公司 Method and device for utilizing exhaust gas of haydite rotary kiln
CN102372496A (en) * 2011-08-18 2012-03-14 陕西延长石油(集团)有限责任公司研究院 Material formula for preparing gasification furnace slag ceramisite and production method of ceramisite
CN102967154A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-03-13 三门峡方圆实业股份有限公司 Ceramsite sintered residual heat utilizing device
CN103575095A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-02-12 山东恒远利废技术发展有限公司 Cascading type rotary kiln
JP2015064139A (en) * 2013-09-25 2015-04-09 株式会社チサキ Vertical furnace
CN204923838U (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-30 洛阳麦德陶粒有限公司 Unloading device for preheat with gyration cellar for storing things waste heat
CN105693115A (en) * 2016-02-17 2016-06-22 常熟市宏宇钙化物有限公司 Calcium oxide efficient calcining furnace
CN205616803U (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-10-05 四川亨利德新型建筑材料有限公司 Device is prepared in grades to haydite pottery sand
CN106247810A (en) * 2016-08-01 2016-12-21 宁波大学 A kind of smoke backflow Dual-barrel rotary kiln
CN106281474A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 河北美邦工程科技股份有限公司 A kind of pressurization moving bed coal gasifier high-temperature gas duster and waste-heat recovery device and method thereof
CN206420303U (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-08-18 衡阳绿陶环保陶粒设备有限公司 A kind of haydite kiln that waste heat in kiln can be recycled
CN107560445A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-01-09 重庆天志环保有限公司 A kind of pellet calcination rotary kiln product waste heat direct absorbing type recovery system
CN207395453U (en) * 2017-08-25 2018-05-22 重庆升上源环境治理有限公司 Expanded Clay Rotary Kilns and its feeder screening device
CN207501655U (en) * 2017-08-25 2018-06-15 重庆升上源环境治理有限公司 Haydite calciner

Patent Citations (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3832128A (en) * 1973-07-11 1974-08-27 Fuller Co Process and apparatus for preheating solid particulate materials
JP2001239132A (en) * 2000-02-29 2001-09-04 Ube Ind Ltd Method for removing chlorine in cement kiln exhaust gas via chlorine bypass and device therefor
CN2476779Y (en) * 2001-04-29 2002-02-13 杨普安 Cylinder sectional ring kiln
EP1515925B1 (en) * 2002-06-21 2008-05-07 Sokolowski, Janusz Rotary furnace for manufacturing light building aggregate
CN2612916Y (en) * 2003-04-10 2004-04-21 冯家科 Combination ceramisite vertical agglomeration kiln
CN101016163A (en) * 2006-02-09 2007-08-15 朱作远 Technique of preparing barium hydroxide by shaft kiln calcination witherite
CN101182970A (en) * 2007-11-15 2008-05-21 北京建邦伟业机械制造有限公司 Coal ash haydite fritting furnace, sintering method and formula thereof
CN201262514Y (en) * 2008-08-29 2009-06-24 张少华 Chamber type coal ash haydite sintering furnace
CN101592436A (en) * 2009-07-02 2009-12-02 南京中圣园机电设备有限公司 Three-cylinder concentric shaft kiln
CN101614472A (en) * 2009-07-31 2009-12-30 吉林省建筑材料工业设计研究院 A kind of inner spiral drum-type rotary kiln
CN102125982A (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-07-20 重庆长江造型材料(集团)有限公司 Full-counterflow heat exchange two-section type casting waste sand roasting furnace
CN102200394A (en) * 2011-05-12 2011-09-28 浙江方远建材科技有限公司 Method and device for utilizing exhaust gas of haydite rotary kiln
CN102372496A (en) * 2011-08-18 2012-03-14 陕西延长石油(集团)有限责任公司研究院 Material formula for preparing gasification furnace slag ceramisite and production method of ceramisite
CN102967154A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-03-13 三门峡方圆实业股份有限公司 Ceramsite sintered residual heat utilizing device
JP2015064139A (en) * 2013-09-25 2015-04-09 株式会社チサキ Vertical furnace
CN103575095A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-02-12 山东恒远利废技术发展有限公司 Cascading type rotary kiln
CN204923838U (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-30 洛阳麦德陶粒有限公司 Unloading device for preheat with gyration cellar for storing things waste heat
CN105693115A (en) * 2016-02-17 2016-06-22 常熟市宏宇钙化物有限公司 Calcium oxide efficient calcining furnace
CN205616803U (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-10-05 四川亨利德新型建筑材料有限公司 Device is prepared in grades to haydite pottery sand
CN106247810A (en) * 2016-08-01 2016-12-21 宁波大学 A kind of smoke backflow Dual-barrel rotary kiln
CN106281474A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 河北美邦工程科技股份有限公司 A kind of pressurization moving bed coal gasifier high-temperature gas duster and waste-heat recovery device and method thereof
CN206420303U (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-08-18 衡阳绿陶环保陶粒设备有限公司 A kind of haydite kiln that waste heat in kiln can be recycled
CN207395453U (en) * 2017-08-25 2018-05-22 重庆升上源环境治理有限公司 Expanded Clay Rotary Kilns and its feeder screening device
CN207501655U (en) * 2017-08-25 2018-06-15 重庆升上源环境治理有限公司 Haydite calciner
CN107560445A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-01-09 重庆天志环保有限公司 A kind of pellet calcination rotary kiln product waste heat direct absorbing type recovery system

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
刘明伟等: "二氧化硅含量对污泥底泥制备陶粒性能的影响研究", 《东北电力大学学报》 *
牛济泰等: "《航空航天材料的焊接与胶接》", 31 January 2012, 国防工业出版社 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110294633A (en) * 2018-03-23 2019-10-01 国家能源投资集团有限责任公司 The method that porous ceramics and gasification slag prepare porous ceramics
CN111606692A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-09-01 西安建筑科技大学 Ceramsite proppant prepared from industrial waste gasification furnace slag and preparation process

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN108840702B (en) 2020-12-01

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN108840702A (en) A kind of haydite and preparation method thereof containing gasifier slag
CN103992099B (en) Method for preparing environment-friendly honeycomb ceramic heat accumulator by use of waste slag
CN105693210A (en) Ceramic material prepared from red mud, and preparation method of ceramic material
CN108558364A (en) Colliery wastes brick multifuel combustion lime stone technique
CN1548401A (en) High-strength flyash haydite and its production process
CN103833406A (en) Foam ceramic warming plate, and preparation method thereof
CN104211435B (en) Prepare the method for foamed ceramic plate taking flyash as raw material microwave sintering
CN102442831A (en) Preparation method of high-temperature smoke filter ceramic material with high thermal shock resistance
CN103964864B (en) A kind of gitter brick and manufacture method thereof
CN205464178U (en) Casting is with small -size quick thermal reclamation system of ceramic sand
CN203212470U (en) Temperature-controllable suspension roaster
CN103193400A (en) Temperature-controlled suspension roaster
CN112299766B (en) Heat storage material and preparation method thereof
CN104457250A (en) Kiln
CN201704216U (en) Low-temperature exhaust-heat material drying system of cement dry-method rotary kiln
CN104232929A (en) Novel high-grade miscellaneous copper refining furnace system
CN102603346A (en) Honeycomb ceramic heat accumulator with high heat conduction performance, high specific gravity and good slag resistance
CN107739199A (en) A kind of high temperature resistant anti-thermal shock solar energy thermal-power-generating cordierite-mullite corundum composite ceramics heat supply pipeline and preparation method thereof
CN105503258A (en) Clay-free sintered block and preparing method thereof
CN208087499U (en) Production of Ceramics system and Production of Ceramics assembly line
CN201074954Y (en) Fly-ash haydite sintered open hearth
CN205261916U (en) High -efficient heat utilization structure of pottery hot -blast furnace
RU2412133C1 (en) Mixture for making refractory articles
CN206177002U (en) Soft porcelain sintering energy -saving combustion chamber
CN104529480B (en) Production method of mechanically press-molded high-temperature baffle brick

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 830001 No.70 Jingshui Road, high tech Zone, Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

Patentee after: Xinjiang tianwu ecological environmental protection Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 830001 No.70 Jingshui Road, high tech Zone, Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

Patentee before: XINJIANG TIANWU ECOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of invention: Ceramsite containing gasification furnace slag and preparation method thereof

Effective date of registration: 20220323

Granted publication date: 20201201

Pledgee: Bank of China Limited Urumqi Beijing Road sub branch

Pledgor: Xinjiang tianwu ecological environmental protection Co.,Ltd.

Registration number: Y2022980003074

PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right