CN108834610B - A aerodynamic pruning machine for fruit growing - Google Patents

A aerodynamic pruning machine for fruit growing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108834610B
CN108834610B CN201810676794.1A CN201810676794A CN108834610B CN 108834610 B CN108834610 B CN 108834610B CN 201810676794 A CN201810676794 A CN 201810676794A CN 108834610 B CN108834610 B CN 108834610B
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transmission
movable
power supply
pressure
support
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CN108834610A (en
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汤玉章
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汤玉章
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G3/00Cutting implements specially adapted for horticultural purposes; Delimbing standing trees
    • A01G3/02Secateurs; Flower or fruit shears
    • A01G3/033Secateurs; Flower or fruit shears having motor-driven blades
    • A01G3/037Secateurs; Flower or fruit shears having motor-driven blades the driving means being an electric motor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G3/00Cutting implements specially adapted for horticultural purposes; Delimbing standing trees
    • A01G3/02Secateurs; Flower or fruit shears

Abstract

The invention discloses an aerodynamic pruning machine for fruit planting, which structurally comprises a pruning pressure control device, an air pump machine connecting pipe, a pressure relief valve movable connecting frame, a pressure relief valve control handle, a pruning machine main body, a movable clamp fixing shaft, movable clamps and fixed clamps.

Description

A aerodynamic pruning machine for fruit growing
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field, in particular to an aerodynamic pruning machine for fruit planting.
Background
The pruning machine is a special operation machine for tea garden management, and is used for light pruning, shaping pruning, deep pruning, heavy pruning, platform mowing and other operation occasions of fruit planting. In the past, the fruit planting and pruning are mostly carried out by manual pruning with pruning scissors, which wastes time and labor and has poor operation quality. For a mechanized tea garden, in order to ensure that the tree crowns are tidy and form an ideal fruit planting and picking surface and realize mechanized fruit planting, mechanized pruning operation is required. In order to give full play to the use performance of the pruning machine and improve the operation quality, the reasonable selection and the correct application of the fruit planting pruning machine are very important. The type of pruning for the fruit planting is determined according to the growth state of the fruit planting and the like. However, the existing aerodynamic pruning machine has the following disadvantages:
1. when the existing equipment works, the air pump is communicated with the air pump in the pressure relief process, so that air leakage is caused, and waste is caused.
2. There may be situations where trimming begins with insufficient pressure, possibly breaking branches, resulting in pests.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention aims to provide an aerodynamic pruning machine for fruit planting, which aims to solve the problems that air leakage is caused and waste is caused because the conventional equipment is communicated with an air pump in the pressure release process when in work, pruning is started possibly under insufficient pressure, branches are possibly broken, and diseases and insect pests are caused.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme: an aerodynamic pruning machine for fruit planting structurally comprises a pruning pressure control device, an air pump machine connecting pipe, a pressure relief valve movable connecting frame, a pressure relief valve control handle, a pruning machine main body, a movable clamp fixing shaft, movable clamps and fixed clamps, wherein the pruning pressure control device is arranged at the rear part of the pruning machine main body and fixedly connected with the pruning machine main body through bolts, the movable clamp fixing shaft is arranged at the front part of the pruning machine main body and movably connected with the pruning machine main body through bolts, the fixed clamps are arranged at the front end of the pruning machine main body and fixedly connected with the pruning machine main body through bolts, the pressure relief valve movable connecting frame is arranged at the lower part of the pruning pressure control device and fixedly connected with the pruning pressure control device through welding, the pruning pressure control device comprises a gas conveying connecting pipe, an air pressure detection device, a front transmission device, a transmission rod, a pressure relief electric signal processing device, a flow detector, a lower transmission connecting frame, a power supply contact device, an LED working display lamp control switch and a control device shell, wherein the gas conveying connecting pipe is arranged inside the control device shell, the air pressure detection device is arranged at the upper part of the gas conveying connecting pipe and connected with the front transmission device, the rear end of the front transmission device is connected with the transmission rod, the rear end of the transmission rod is connected with the lower transmission connecting frame, the output end of the lower transmission connecting frame is connected with the LED working display lamp control switch, and the LED working display lamp control switch is connected with a working indication LED lamp through a power supply connecting wire, the lower part of gas transmission connecting pipe is equipped with flow detector, flow detector passes through the power connecting wire and is connected with pressure release electric signal processing device, pressure release electric signal processing device passes through the connecting wire and is connected with power contact device, power contact device's rear end passes through the power connecting wire and is connected with the valve on the gas transmission connecting pipe.
As a further scheme of the present invention, the gas delivery connection pipe includes an air inlet, an air inlet connection pipe, a control solenoid valve, an exhaust pipe, and an exhaust pipe pressure relief valve, the right end of the air inlet connection pipe is connected to a flange of the air inlet, the left portion of the air inlet connection pipe is provided with the control solenoid valve, the left portion of the control solenoid valve is connected to the cylinder through a connection pipe, the lower portion of the left portion of the control solenoid valve is provided with the exhaust pipe, the bottom of the exhaust pipe is provided with the exhaust pipe pressure relief valve, the right portion of the exhaust pipe pressure relief valve is provided with a flow detector, and the upper portion of.
As a further proposal of the invention, the air pressure detection device comprises a movable connecting bottom plate, a pressure detection cabin shell, a pressure conduction working medium, an output support plate, an output connecting rod and a return spring, the outer part of the movable connecting bottom plate is in interference fit with the processing box, liquid metal is used for conducting heat between the movable connecting bottom plate and the processing box, silica gel is used for packaging, the movable connecting bottom plate and the pressure detection bin shell are of an integrated structure, the pressure detection bin shell is of a cylindrical structure, an output support plate is arranged inside the pressure detection bin shell, a pressure conduction working medium is arranged inside the pressure detection bin shell and the output support plate, the outside and the output connecting rod fixed connection of output backup pad, reset spring's both ends are connected with pressure detection storehouse shell, output connecting rod respectively, the lower part and the air inlet connecting pipe intercommunication of swing joint bottom plate.
As a further scheme of the present invention, the front transmission device includes an upper fixed connection frame, a transmission gear, a transmission connection line, and a transmission positioning roller set, the upper fixed connection frame is connected to the upper end of the output connection rod, the upper fixed connection frame is fixedly connected to the transmission gear, the transmission gear is engaged with the transmission gear, and the transmission gear is connected to the transmission rod by bypassing the transmission positioning roller set through the transmission connection line.
As a further scheme of the invention, the transmission rod comprises a first transmission rod main body, a first transmission rod input roller, a first transmission rod output gear, a transmission rod support frame and a second transmission rod, wherein the first transmission rod input roller is arranged at the upper part of the first transmission rod main body, the first transmission rod output gear is arranged at the bottom of the first transmission rod main body, the first transmission rod main body is connected with the transmission rod support frame through a bearing, the first transmission rod output gear is meshed with the second transmission rod, and the transmission rod bypasses a transmission positioning roller group through a transmission connecting line and is connected with the first transmission rod input roller.
As a further scheme of the invention, the pressure relief electric signal processing device comprises an electromagnetic field induction coil, a lever movable support frame, a lever positioning spring, an induction magnet supporting lever main body and an induction rubidium magnet, wherein the electromagnetic field induction coil is arranged at the right part of a base of the electric signal converter, the lever movable support frame is arranged beside the electromagnetic field induction coil, the lever positioning spring is arranged beside the lever movable support frame, the top end of the lever positioning spring is connected with the induction magnet supporting lever main body, the bottom of the lever positioning spring is fixedly connected with the base through a bolt, the middle part of the induction magnet supporting lever main body is connected with the lever movable support frame, the lever movable support frame is movably connected with the induction magnet supporting lever main body through a bearing, the electromagnetic field induction coil is matched with an induction rubidium magnet block, and the induction rubidium magnet is fixedly connected with the induction magnet supporting lever main body through glue, and an induction iron column is arranged in the electromagnetic field induction coil.
As a further scheme of the invention, the lower transmission connecting frame comprises a transmission connecting line positioning roller, a first transmission bracket return spring, a second transmission bracket, a third transmission bracket and an output connecting rod, the transmission connecting line positioning roller is matched with the connecting line, the upper part of the first transmission bracket is connected with the second transmission bracket, the first transmission bracket is connected with the first transmission bracket return spring, the second transmission bracket is movably connected with the third transmission bracket, and the third transmission bracket is connected with the LED work display lamp control switch through the output connecting rod.
As a further scheme of the invention, the power supply contact device comprises a fixed power supply contact support, a fixed power supply contact, a support slide rail, a power supply contact slide block, a reset spring and a movable power supply contact, wherein the fixed power supply contact is fixedly arranged on the fixed power supply contact support, the fixed power supply contact support and the support slide rail are of an integrated structure, the support slide rail is matched with the power supply contact slide block, the left part of the power supply contact slide block is connected with the reset spring, the reset spring is fixedly connected with the positioning support, the movable power supply contact is arranged at the upper part of the power supply contact slide block and is connected with a power line, and the movable power supply contact is matched with the fixed power supply contact.
Advantageous effects
The invention provides a scheme of an air power pruning machine for fruit planting, wherein a pruning pressure control device is arranged, when equipment normally works, an air pump connecting pipe is connected with an air pump, then an air pressure detection device can detect the current air pressure, a movable connecting bottom plate drives a pressure conduction working medium, an output supporting plate and an output connecting rod to move upwards under the action of the air pressure, the pressure conduction working medium, the output supporting plate and the output connecting rod can drive an upper fixed connecting frame and a transmission gear to move upwards when moving upwards, the transmission gear can be driven to rotate when the upper fixed connecting frame and the transmission gear move, and the transmission connecting wire can be pulled to move when the transmission gear rotates, so that a first transmission rod main body, a first transmission rod input roller and a first transmission rod output gear are driven to rotate, the first transmission rod main body, the first transmission rod input roller and the first transmission, The first transmission rod can drive the second transmission rod at the lower part to rotate when the output gear rotates, the first transmission support can be driven through the connecting wire when the second transmission rod rotates, the first transmission support reset spring and the second transmission support move leftwards, the third transmission support at the upper part can be driven when the first transmission support, the first transmission support reset spring and the second transmission support move leftwards, the output connecting rod moves leftwards, the LED work display lamp control switch can be driven to be communicated when the third transmission support and the output connecting rod move leftwards, the work indicator lamp is lightened, when the pressure relief operation is carried out, the flow detector can detect the pressure relief operation, so that an electric signal is transmitted to the electromagnetic field induction coil through the power wire, the electromagnetic field induction coil drives the induction magnet to support the lever main body, the induction rubidium magnet rotates, so as to drive the power supply to contact the sliding block, The movable power supply contact moves leftwards, when the power supply contact sliding block, the reset spring and the movable power supply contact move leftwards to be in contact with the fixed power supply contact, the power supply is communicated, the control electromagnetic valve is closed, air pressure loss can be effectively prevented, and the economy and the safety of the use of equipment are effectively improved.
Drawings
Other features, objects and advantages of the invention will become more apparent upon reading of the detailed description of non-limiting embodiments with reference to the following drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an aerodynamic pruning machine for fruit planting according to the invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the trimming pressure control device of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a detailed structural schematic diagram of the trimming pressure control device of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a diagram illustrating an operation state of the trimming pressure control apparatus according to the present invention.
In the figure: a pruning pressure control device-1, an air pump machine connecting pipe-2, a pressure relief valve movable connecting frame-3, a pressure relief valve-4, a pressure relief valve control handle-5, a pruning machine main body-6, a movable clamp fixing shaft-7, a movable clamp-8, a fixed clamp-9, a gas conveying connecting pipe-11, an air pressure detection device-12, a front transmission device-13, a transmission rod-14, a pressure relief electric signal processing device-15, a flow detector-16, a lower transmission connecting frame-17, a power supply contact device-18, an LED working display lamp control switch-19, a control device shell-110, an air inlet-111, an air inlet connecting pipe-112, a control electromagnetic valve-113, an exhaust pipe-114, an exhaust pipe pressure relief valve-115, a pressure, A movable connection bottom plate-121, a pressure detection bin shell-122, a pressure conduction working medium-123, an output support plate-124, an output connection rod-125, a reset spring-126, an upper fixed connection frame-131, a transmission gear-132, a transmission gear-133, a transmission connection line-134, a transmission positioning roller group-135, a first transmission rod main body-141, a first transmission rod input roller-142, a first transmission rod output gear-143, a transmission rod support frame-144, a second transmission rod-145, an electromagnetic field induction coil-151, a lever movable support frame-152, a lever positioning spring-153, an induction magnet support lever main body-154, an induction rubidium magnet-155, a transmission connection line positioning roller-171, a first transmission support frame-172, a pressure transmission working medium-123, an output support plate-124, A first transmission bracket reset spring-173, a second transmission bracket-174, a third transmission bracket-175, an output connecting rod-176, a fixed power supply contact head bracket-181, a fixed power supply contact head-182, a supporting slide rail-183, a power supply contact slide block-184, a reset spring-185 and a movable power supply contact head-186.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1-4, the present invention provides a technical solution of an aerodynamic pruning machine for fruit cultivation:
the pruning machine structurally comprises a pruning pressure control device 1, an air pump machine connecting pipe 2, a pressure relief valve movable connecting frame 3, a pressure relief valve 4, a pressure relief valve control handle 5, a pruning machine main body 6, a movable clamp fixing shaft 7, movable clamps 8 and fixed clamps 9, wherein the pruning pressure control device 1 is arranged at the rear part of the pruning machine main body 6, the pruning pressure control device 1 is fixedly connected with the pruning machine main body 6 through bolts, the movable clamp fixing shaft 7 is arranged at the front part of the pruning machine main body 6, the movable clamp fixing shaft 7 is connected with the pruning machine main body 6 through bolts, the movable clamp fixing shaft 7 is movably connected with the movable clamps 8, the fixed clamps 9 are arranged at the front end of the pruning machine main body 6, the fixed clamps 9 are fixedly connected with the pruning machine main body 6 through bolts, the pressure relief valve movable connecting frame 3 is arranged at the lower part of the pruning pressure control device 1, the pressure relief valve movable connecting frame 3 is fixedly connected with the pruning pressure control device 1 through welding, the pruning pressure control device 1 comprises a gas conveying connecting pipe 11, an air pressure detection device 12, a front transmission device 13, a transmission rod 14, a pressure relief electric signal processing device 15, a flow detector 16, a lower transmission connecting frame 17, a power supply contact device 18, an LED working display lamp control switch 19 and a control device shell 110, wherein the control device shell 110 is internally provided with the gas conveying connecting pipe 11, the upper part of the gas conveying connecting pipe 11 is provided with the air pressure detection device 12, the air pressure detection device 12 is connected with the front transmission device 13, the rear end of the front transmission device 13 is connected with the transmission rod 14, the rear end of the transmission rod 14 is connected with the lower transmission connecting frame 17, the output end of the lower transmission connecting frame 17 is connected with the LED working display lamp control switch 19, the LED work display lamp control switch 19 is connected with a work indication LED lamp through a power supply connecting line, the lower part of the gas transmission connecting pipe 11 is provided with a flow detector 16, the flow detector 16 is connected with a pressure relief electric signal processing device 15 through the power supply connecting line, the pressure relief electric signal processing device 15 is connected with a power supply contact device 18 through a connecting line, the rear end of the power supply contact device 18 is connected with a valve on the gas transmission connecting pipe 11 through the power supply connecting line, the gas transmission connecting pipe 11 comprises a gas inlet 111, a gas inlet connecting pipe 112, a control electromagnetic valve 113, an exhaust pipe 114 and an exhaust pipe pressure relief valve 115, the right end of the gas inlet connecting pipe 112 is connected with a flange of the gas inlet 111, the left part of the gas inlet connecting pipe 112 is provided with the control electromagnetic valve 113, the left part of the control electromagnetic valve 113 is connected with a cylinder, the bottom of the exhaust pipe 114 is provided with an exhaust pipe pressure relief valve 115, the right part of the exhaust pipe pressure relief valve 115 is provided with a flow detector 16, the upper part of the air inlet connecting pipe 112 is provided with an air pressure detection device 12, the air pressure detection device 12 comprises a movable connecting bottom plate 121, a pressure detection bin shell 122, a pressure conduction working medium 123, an output support plate 124, an output connecting rod 125 and a reset spring 126, the outside of the movable connecting bottom plate 121 is in interference fit with a processing box, liquid metal is used for heat conduction between the movable connecting bottom plate 121 and the processing box, silica gel is used for encapsulation, the movable connecting bottom plate 121 and the pressure detection bin shell 122 are of an integrated structure, the pressure detection bin shell 122 is of a cylindrical structure, the output support plate 124 is arranged inside the pressure detection bin shell 122, and the pressure conduction working medium 123 is arranged inside the output support plate 124, the outside and the output connecting rod 125 fixed connection of output support plate 124, reset spring 126's both ends are connected with pressure detection storehouse shell 122, output connecting rod 125 respectively, the lower part and the connecting pipe 112 intercommunication that admits air of swing joint bottom plate 121, anterior transmission device 13 includes upper portion fixed connection frame 131, drive gear 132, drive gear 133, transmission connecting wire 134, transmission location roller set 135, upper portion fixed connection frame 131 is connected with the upper end of output connecting rod 125, upper portion fixed connection frame 131 and drive gear 132 fixed connection, drive gear 132 meshes with drive gear 133, drive gear 133 is walked around transmission location roller set 135 through transmission connecting wire 134 and is connected with transfer line 14, transfer line 14 includes first transfer line main part 141, first transfer line input roller 142, first transfer line output gear 143, transfer line support frame 144, A second transmission rod 145, a first transmission rod input roller 142 is arranged on the upper portion of the first transmission rod body 141, a first transmission rod output gear 143 is arranged at the bottom of the first transmission rod body 141, the first transmission rod body 141 is connected with a transmission rod support frame 144 through a bearing, the first transmission rod output gear 143 is meshed with the second transmission rod 145, the transmission gear 133 bypasses a transmission positioning roller set 135 through a transmission connecting line 134 to be connected with the first transmission rod input roller 142, the pressure relief electric signal processing device 15 comprises an electromagnetic field induction coil 151, a lever movable support frame 152, a lever positioning spring 153, an induction magnet support lever body 154 and an induction rubidium magnet 155, the electromagnetic field induction coil 151 is arranged on the right portion of the electric signal converter base, a lever movable support frame 152 is arranged beside the electromagnetic field induction coil 151, and a lever positioning spring 153 is arranged beside the lever movable support frame 152, the top end of the lever positioning spring 153 is connected with the induction magnet supporting lever main body 154, the bottom of the lever positioning spring 153 is fixedly connected with the base through bolts, the middle part of the induction magnet supporting lever main body 154 is connected with the lever movable supporting frame 152, the lever movable supporting frame 152 is movably connected with the induction magnet supporting lever main body 154 through a bearing, the electromagnetic field induction coil 151 is matched with the induction rubidium magnet 155, the induction rubidium magnet 155 is fixedly connected with the induction magnet supporting lever main body 154 through glue, an induction iron column is arranged inside the electromagnetic field induction coil 151, the lower transmission connecting frame 17 comprises a transmission connecting line positioning roller 171, a first transmission bracket 172, a first transmission bracket return spring 173, a second transmission bracket 174, a third transmission bracket 175 and an output connecting rod 176, and the transmission connecting line positioning roller 171 is matched with a connecting line, the upper portion of the first transmission bracket 172 is connected with a connecting wire, the upper portion of the first transmission bracket 172 is connected with the second transmission bracket 174, the first transmission bracket 172 is connected with the first transmission bracket return spring 173, the second transmission bracket 174 is movably connected with the third transmission bracket 175, the third transmission bracket 175 is connected with the LED work display lamp control switch 19 through an output connecting rod 176, the power supply contact device 18 comprises a fixed power supply contact bracket 181, a fixed power supply contact 182, a supporting slide rail 183, a power supply contact slider 184, a return spring 185 and a movable power supply contact 186, the fixed power supply contact bracket 181 is fixedly provided with the fixed power supply contact 182, the fixed power supply contact bracket 181 and the supporting slide rail 183 are of an integrated structure, the supporting slide rail 183 is matched with the power supply contact slider 184, the left portion of the power supply contact slider 184 is connected with the return spring 185, the reset spring 185 is fixedly connected with the positioning support, a movable power supply contact head 186 is arranged at the upper part of the power supply contact sliding block 184, the movable power supply contact head 186 is connected with a power line, and the movable power supply contact head 186 is matched with the fixed power supply contact head 182.
The invention relates to an aerodynamic pruning machine for fruit planting, which has the working principle that: when the device is used, whether all parts are stably connected or not is checked, after the device is confirmed to be intact, the device is placed at a proper position, a power supply is connected, the working state and working parameters are adjusted, then normal work can be started, the device can work normally by arranging the trimming pressure control device 1, the air pump connecting pipe 2 is connected with the air pump when the device works normally, then the air pressure detection device 12 can detect the current air pressure, the movable connecting bottom plate 121 drives the pressure conduction working medium 123, the output support plate 124 and the output connecting rod 125 to move upwards under the action of the air pressure, the pressure conduction working medium 123, the output support plate 124 and the output connecting rod 125 can drive the upper fixed connecting frame 131 and the transmission gear 132 to move upwards when moving upwards, the transmission gear 133 can be driven to rotate when the upper fixed connecting frame 131 and the transmission gear 132 move, and the transmission connecting wire 134 can, thereby driving the first transmission rod main body 141, the first transmission rod input roller 142 and the first transmission rod output gear 143 to rotate, the second transmission rod 145 at the lower part can be driven to rotate, when the second transmission rod 145 rotates, the first transmission bracket 172, the first transmission bracket return spring 173 and the second transmission bracket 174 can be driven to move leftwards through the connection line, when the first transmission bracket 172, the first transmission bracket return spring 173 and the second transmission bracket 174 move leftwards, the third transmission bracket 175 at the upper part and the output connecting rod 176 can be driven to move leftwards, when the third transmission bracket 175 and the output connecting rod 176 move leftwards, the LED working display lamp control switch 19 can be driven to be communicated, the working indicator lamp is lighted, when the pressure relief operation is performed, the flow detector 16 can detect the pressure relief operation, thereby transmit the electrical signal to the electromagnetic field induction coil 151 through the power cord, the electromagnetic field induction coil 151 drives the induction magnet to support the lever main body 154, the induction rubidium magnet 155 rotates, thereby driving the power contact slider 184, the reset spring 185, the movable power contact 186 to move leftward, when the power contact slider 184, the reset spring 185, the movable power contact 186 move leftward to contact with the fixed power contact 182, the power is connected, the control solenoid valve 113 is closed, the loss of air pressure can be effectively prevented, the economy and the safety of the use of the equipment are effectively improved.
The invention solves the problems that when the prior equipment works, the prior equipment is communicated with an air pump in the pressure releasing process, so that air leakage is caused, waste is caused, the condition that pruning is started when the pressure is insufficient can exist, and branches can be broken to cause plant diseases and insect pests.
While there have been shown and described what are at present considered the fundamental principles and essential features of the invention and its advantages, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing exemplary embodiments, but is capable of other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an aerodynamic pruning machine for fruit growing, its structure is including pruning pressure control device (1), air pump machine connecting pipe (2), pressure release valve swing joint frame (3), pressure release valve (4), pressure release valve control handle (5), pruning machine main part (6), activity pincers fixed axle (7), activity pincers (8), fixed pincers (9), its characterized in that: the pruning machine is characterized in that a pruning pressure control device (1) is arranged at the rear part of the pruning machine main body (6), the pruning pressure control device (1) is fixedly connected with the pruning machine main body (6) through bolts, a movable clamp fixing shaft (7) is arranged at the front part of the pruning machine main body (6), the movable clamp fixing shaft (7) is connected with the pruning machine main body (6) through bolts, the movable clamp fixing shaft (7) is movably connected with a movable clamp (8), a fixed clamp (9) is arranged at the front end of the pruning machine main body (6), the fixed clamp (9) is fixedly connected with the pruning machine main body (6) through bolts, a pressure relief valve movable connecting frame (3) is arranged at the lower part of the pruning pressure control device (1), the pressure relief valve movable connecting frame (3) is fixedly connected with the pruning pressure control device (1) through welding, and a pressure relief valve (4) is arranged on the pressure relief valve movable connecting frame (3), the pressure release valve movable connecting frame (3) and the pressure release valve control handle (5) are of an integrated structure;
the pruning pressure control device (1) comprises a gas conveying connecting pipe (11), an air pressure detection device (12), a front transmission device (13), a transmission rod (14), a pressure relief electric signal processing device (15), a flow detector (16), a lower transmission connecting frame (17), a power supply contact device (18), an LED work display lamp control switch (19) and a control device shell (110), wherein the gas conveying connecting pipe (11) is arranged inside the control device shell (110), the air pressure detection device (12) is arranged on the upper portion of the gas conveying connecting pipe (11), the air pressure detection device (12) is connected with the front transmission device (13), the rear end of the front transmission device (13) is connected with the transmission rod (14), the rear end of the transmission rod (14) is connected with the lower transmission connecting frame (17), and the output end of the lower transmission connecting frame (17) is connected with the LED work display lamp control switch (19), LED work display lamp control switch (19) are connected with the work indication LED lamp through the power connecting wire, the lower part of gas transmission connecting pipe (11) is equipped with flow detector (16), flow detector (16) are connected with pressure release electric signal processing device (15) through the power connecting wire, pressure release electric signal processing device (15) are connected with power contact device (18) through the connecting wire, the rear end of power contact device (18) passes through the power connecting wire and is connected with the valve on gas transmission connecting pipe (11).
2. An aerodynamic lopper for fruit growing as claimed in claim 1, wherein: gas transmission connecting pipe (11) are including air inlet (111), air inlet connecting pipe (112), control solenoid valve (113), blast pipe (114), blast pipe pressure release valve (115), the right-hand member of air inlet connecting pipe (112) and the flange joint of air inlet (111), the left part of air inlet connecting pipe (112) is equipped with control solenoid valve (113), the left part of control solenoid valve (113) is passed through the connecting pipe and is connected with the cylinder, the lower part of the left part of control solenoid valve (113) is equipped with blast pipe (114), the bottom of blast pipe (114) is equipped with blast pipe pressure release valve (115), the right part of blast pipe pressure release valve (115) is equipped with flow detector (16), the upper portion of air inlet connecting pipe (112) is equipped with atmospheric pressure detection device (12).
3. An aerodynamic lopper for fruit growing according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the air pressure detection device (12) comprises a movable connection bottom plate (121), a pressure detection bin shell (122), pressure conduction working media (123), an output support plate (124), an output connection rod (125) and a reset spring (126), wherein the outside of the movable connection bottom plate (121) is in interference fit with a processing box, liquid metal is used between the movable connection bottom plate (121) and the processing box for heat conduction, silica gel is used for packaging, the movable connection bottom plate (121) and the pressure detection bin shell (122) are of an integrated structure, the pressure detection bin shell (122) is of a cylindrical structure, the output support plate (124) is arranged inside the pressure detection bin shell (122), the pressure conduction working media (123) are arranged inside the pressure detection bin shell (122) and the output support plate (124), and the outside of the output support plate (124) is fixedly connected with the output connection rod (125), the two ends of the return spring (126) are respectively connected with the pressure detection bin shell (122) and the output connecting rod (125), and the lower part of the movable connecting bottom plate (121) is communicated with the air inlet connecting pipe (112).
4. An aerodynamic lopper for fruit growing as claimed in claim 1, wherein: anterior transmission (13) include upper portion fixed connection frame (131), first drive gear (132), second drive gear (133), transmission connecting wire (134), transmission location roller train (135), upper portion fixed connection frame (131) are connected with the upper end of output connecting rod (125), upper portion fixed connection frame (131) and first drive gear (132) fixed connection, first drive gear (132) and second drive gear (133) meshing, transmission location roller train (135) are walked around through transmission connecting wire (134) in second drive gear (133) and are connected with transfer line (14).
5. An aerodynamic lopper for fruit growing as claimed in claim 1 or 4, wherein: transfer line (14) are including first transfer line main part (141), first transfer line input roller (142), first transfer line output gear (143), transfer line support frame (144), second transfer line (145), the upper portion of first transfer line main part (141) is equipped with first transfer line input roller (142), the bottom of first transfer line main part (141) is equipped with first transfer line output gear (143), first transfer line main part (141) are connected with transfer line support frame (144) through the bearing, first transfer line output gear (143) and second transfer line (145) meshing, transmission gear (133) are walked around transmission location roller group (135) through transmission connecting wire (134) and are connected with first transfer line input roller (142).
6. An aerodynamic lopper for fruit growing as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the pressure relief electric signal processing device (15) comprises an electromagnetic field induction coil (151), a lever movable support frame (152), a lever positioning spring (153), an induction magnet support lever main body (154) and an induction rubidium magnet (155), wherein the electromagnetic field induction coil (151) is arranged at the right part of the electric signal converter base, the lever movable support frame (152) is arranged beside the electromagnetic field induction coil (151), the lever positioning spring (153) is arranged beside the lever movable support frame (152), the top end of the lever positioning spring (153) is connected with the induction magnet support lever main body (154), the bottom of the lever positioning spring (153) is fixedly connected with the base through a bolt, the middle part of the induction magnet support lever main body (154) is connected with the lever movable support frame (152), and the lever movable support frame (152) is movably connected with the induction magnet support lever main body (154) through a bearing, the electromagnetic field induction coil (151) is matched with the induction rubidium magnet (155), the induction rubidium magnet (155) is fixedly connected with the induction magnet supporting lever main body (154) through glue, and an induction iron column is arranged inside the electromagnetic field induction coil (151).
7. An aerodynamic lopper for fruit growing as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the lower transmission connecting frame (17) comprises a transmission connecting line positioning roller (171), a first transmission support (172), a first transmission support reset spring (173), a second transmission support (174), a third transmission support (175) and an output connecting rod (176), the transmission connecting line positioning roller (171) is matched with the connecting line, the upper portion of the first transmission support (172) is connected with the second transmission support (174), the first transmission support (172) is connected with the first transmission support reset spring (173), the second transmission support (174) is movably connected with the third transmission support (175), and the third transmission support (175) is connected with an LED work display lamp control switch (19) through the output connecting rod (176).
8. An aerodynamic lopper for fruit growing as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the power supply contact device (18) comprises a fixed power supply contact support (181), a fixed power supply contact (182), a supporting slide rail (183), a power supply contact slide block (184), a reset spring (185) and a movable power supply contact (186), a fixed power supply contact (182) is fixedly arranged on the fixed power supply contact bracket (181), the fixed power supply contact head bracket (181) and the supporting slide rail (183) are of an integrated structure, the supporting slide rail (183) is matched with a power supply contact slide block (184), the left part of the power supply contact slide block (184) is connected with a return spring (185), the reset spring (185) is fixedly connected with the positioning bracket, the upper part of the power supply contact sliding block (184) is provided with a movable power supply contact head (186), the movable power supply contact (186) is connected with a power line, and the movable power supply contact (186) is matched with the fixed power supply contact (182).
CN201810676794.1A 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 A aerodynamic pruning machine for fruit growing Active CN108834610B (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2401604A1 (en) * 1977-09-01 1979-03-30 Lavijerie Jacques Pneumatically operated secateurs - has one blade moved by valve controlled piston and returned by spring on release of pressure
US5088198A (en) * 1990-08-03 1992-02-18 M.A.I.Bo S.R.L. Device for the disinfection of pruned branches or vine-shoots, applied or applicable to pneumatic shears
CN201219389Y (en) * 2008-06-10 2009-04-15 郭虎 Novel pruning-shear
CN103609347A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-03-05 广西大学 Hedgerow trimming cutter overload protection device
CN104429648A (en) * 2013-09-25 2015-03-25 陕西山泽农业科技有限公司 Pneumatic pruning machine with infrared alarm and LED lamp
CN106857024A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-06-20 华东交通大学 A kind of vegetation Pneumatic trimming cutter
CN107251852A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-10-17 周冰晔 Gas column type is automatically positioned wool clipping device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2401604A1 (en) * 1977-09-01 1979-03-30 Lavijerie Jacques Pneumatically operated secateurs - has one blade moved by valve controlled piston and returned by spring on release of pressure
US5088198A (en) * 1990-08-03 1992-02-18 M.A.I.Bo S.R.L. Device for the disinfection of pruned branches or vine-shoots, applied or applicable to pneumatic shears
CN201219389Y (en) * 2008-06-10 2009-04-15 郭虎 Novel pruning-shear
CN104429648A (en) * 2013-09-25 2015-03-25 陕西山泽农业科技有限公司 Pneumatic pruning machine with infrared alarm and LED lamp
CN103609347A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-03-05 广西大学 Hedgerow trimming cutter overload protection device
CN106857024A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-06-20 华东交通大学 A kind of vegetation Pneumatic trimming cutter
CN107251852A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-10-17 周冰晔 Gas column type is automatically positioned wool clipping device

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