CN108782279A - Graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad and its manufacturing method - Google Patents

Graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad and its manufacturing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108782279A
CN108782279A CN201810691656.0A CN201810691656A CN108782279A CN 108782279 A CN108782279 A CN 108782279A CN 201810691656 A CN201810691656 A CN 201810691656A CN 108782279 A CN108782279 A CN 108782279A
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China
Prior art keywords
graphene
urine pad
pet urine
mass parts
deodorization
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CN201810691656.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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黄世伟
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Nanjing Pioneer Synergy Nanometer Technology Co Ltd
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Nanjing Pioneer Synergy Nanometer Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/015Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets ; Stable floors

Abstract

The present invention relates to graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad and its manufacturing methods, graphite oxide is distributed in water first, graphene oxide dispersion A is formed after ultrasonic disperse, it is then put into togerther in ptfe autoclave and reacts with phytic acid, graphene sponge material B is obtained after freeze-drying, processing is homogenized to it using catalyst, it reuses coupling agent and carries out surface modification treatment, obtain graphene-based deodorant C, itself and high exhaustion are mixed to get mixture D, again with toilet paper, wood pulp presses layer E that be absorbed in order, finally and non-woven fabrics, bottom PE films are compound to be made graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad.The present invention graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad it is nontoxic, it is harmless, have no irritating odor, or corrosiveness non-stimulated to pet skin, deodorization functions protrude, strong applicability, various stinks can remove, and good product dispersibility, with good stability and durability.

Description

Graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad and its manufacturing method
Technical field
The present invention relates to pet urine pads;More particularly, it relates to graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad.In addition, this hair The bright manufacturing method for further relating to pet urine pad.
Background technology
Currently, with the abundant of people's material life and meet, the spiritual sustenance of more and more people's pursuit, and pet Just filled up we it is spiritual dependence and comfort.Also psychiatrist points out, pet has the mental health of the mankind , there is the irreplaceable effect of the mankind at place.But the stink of pet excrement is also very irritating, and the main component of animal excrements is Nitrogenous compound, calcium, phosphorus, solvable nitrogen-free object, crude fibre, other trace elements and some drugs, the content of various composition are servo-actuated Article kind, feedstuff be different from formula, feeding manner etc. and difference.Nitrogen in pet excrement is mainly with organic nitrogen Form excretes, and in addition there are urea state nitrogen and part ammoniacal nitrogen etc..There is a large amount of nitrogenous chemical combination in untreated excrement Object, can serious pollution of ecological environment if not handling.Odoriferous gas is made of more than 120 kind compounds in animal excrements, Wherein main compound is ammonia, aminate, sulfide, volatile fatty acid, alcohol, aldehyde, ether, carbonyls etc., these chemical combination The stench formed with volatilization that distributes of object is not only impacted to growth of animal, and is constituted and endangered to people, and the extent of injury depends on In the concentration, shedding frequency, duration etc. of compound, in these compound emissions to air, people's sneezing, cough can be caused It coughs, eyes turn sour and shed tears, vomit, is dizzy, is uncomfortable in chest, more serious to cause to suffocate.In these compound emissions to air, also can Serious adverse reaction is caused to environment.In this context, the diaper with deodorization functions is come into being.
The pet urine pad with deodorization functions is many in the market, but there is various problem:A. wherein contain or more Or few harmful substance for having stimulation to pet skin;B. deodorizing effect is not good enough, and some products can only reduce the stimulation of ammonia nitrogen class Nature and flavor road, what is had can only reduce the peculiar smell of sulfydryl class;C. product stability and durability are poor;D. product bad dispersibility produces work Skill is complicated.
Invention content
For insufficient existing for existing product as described above and defect, the present invention provide it is a kind of it is nontoxic, simple for process, The graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad and its manufacturing method of good deodorization effect.
In the first aspect, the present invention relates to a kind of manufacturing methods of graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad, including walk as follows Suddenly:
(1)Graphite oxide is distributed in water, ultrasonic disperse is carried out, forms the graphene oxide dispersion of a concentration of 1-5mg/ml A;
(2)The graphene oxide dispersion A of 100 mass parts and 0.5-2 mass parts phytic acid are put into ptfe autoclave 2-6h is reacted, is freeze-dried, obtains graphene sponge material B;
(3)10 mass parts graphene sponge material B and 0.5-5 mass parts of catalyst are homogenized processing, then use 0.1- 0.5 mass parts coupling agent carries out surface modification treatment, obtains graphene-based deodorant C;
(4)The graphene-based deodorant C of 0.5-5.5 mass parts is added in 100 mass parts high exhaustions, after mixing, Obtain mixture D;
(5)Mixture D and toilet paper, wood pulp are pressed in order, be absorbed a layer E;
(6)According to the sequence of face layer non-woven fabrics, absorbed layer E, bottom PE films, graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad is made.
In a preferred embodiment, the graphite oxide be crystalline flake graphite, 5-20 μm of grain size, preferably 8-15 μm, More preferable 10 μm.
In a preferred embodiment, step(1)Formed a concentration of 1.2-4mg/ml, preferably 1.5-3mg/ml, more preferably The graphene oxide dispersion A of 1.8-2.5mg/ml, most preferably 2mg/ml.
In a preferred embodiment, the phytic acid is the phytic acid aqueous solution of 40-60wt%, preferably 50wt%; The additive amount of phytic acid is 0.8-1.5 mass parts, preferably 1 mass parts.
In a preferred embodiment, step(2)It is reacted at room temperature.
In a preferred embodiment, the catalyst is selected from nano-titanium oxide, nano zine oxide and nano cupric oxide.
In a preferred embodiment, the coupling agent is selected from silane coupling agent and titanate coupling agent.
In a preferred embodiment, the high exhaustion is selected from Sodium Polyacrylate.
In second aspect, the present invention relates to the graphene-based deodorization pet urine pads prepared by the above method.
The graphite oxide that the present invention uses is crystalline flake graphite, the graphene sponge material prepared with the plant acid solution of 50wt% Expect that B has high surface energy, show extraordinary activity, there is splendid adsorption function, is drained with pet with air Malodorous elements contact after, its malodorous elements can be absorbed to the greatest extent, it is made to be attached to surface, while being passed through unsaturated double Key reacts with malodorous elements, generates the macromolecular substances of odorless.The catalyst that the present invention uses is nano-titanium oxide, receives Rice zinc oxide, nano cupric oxide, can promote chemical reaction velocity, while it is more thorough so that the complex reaction that cannot occur originally is carried out Bottom;The titanate coupling agent and silane coupling agent used can play the role of a molecular bridge, with graphene sponge material B, more stablize big with chemical reactions, generations such as malodor molecules occur catalysis, complexing, synthesize under the collective effect of catalyst Molecule, this macromolecular itself not will produce peculiar smell, fundamentally solve the problems, such as stink.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, selection it is nontoxic, it is harmless, have no irritating odor, or corrosiveness non-stimulated to pet skin belongs to environment-friendly type deodorant;
2, deodorization functions protrude, and strong applicability, various stinks can remove;
3, good product dispersibility, with good stability and durability;
4, dote on for owner and love and a pure and fresh, clean, comfortable, healthy living environment is provided.
Specific implementation mode
The embodiment of the present invention will be hereafter further described, wherein each embodiment is only that the present invention is exemplary Embodiment, it is not intended to constitute limiting the scope of the invention.Those skilled in the art can according to explanation above with And following description of the embodiments make a variety of different improvement and deformations, without departing from spirit and substance of the present invention. Accordingly, the scope of the present invention is intended merely to be defined by every claim range claimed.
In following examples, stink is carried out according to GB/T14679-93, GB/T14676-93, GB/T14678-93 Gas detection.
Embodiment 1
(1)The crystalline flake graphite that grain size is 10 μm is distributed in water, ultrasonic disperse is carried out, forms the oxidation stone of a concentration of 2mg/ml Black alkene dispersion liquid A;
(2)By the phytic acid aqueous solution of the graphene oxide dispersion A of 100 mass parts and 1 mass parts 50wt%, it is put into poly- 2h is reacted at room temperature in tetrafluoroethene reaction kettle, is freeze-dried, and graphene sponge material B is obtained;
(3)10 mass parts graphene sponge material B and 0.5 mass parts nano-titanium oxide are homogenized processing, then use 0.1 Mass parts titanate coupling agent carries out surface modification treatment, obtains graphene-based deodorant C;
(4)The graphene-based deodorant C of 0.5 mass parts is added in 100 mass parts polyacrylic resins to obtain after mixing To mixture D;
(5)Mixture D and toilet paper, wood pulp are pressed in order, be absorbed a layer E;
(6)According to the sequence of face layer non-woven fabrics, absorbed layer E, bottom PE films, graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad is made.
Following detection experiment is carried out to the deodorizing effect of deodorization pet urine pad:
The common diaper and the graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad of the present invention for making 15cm × 20cm specifications, are put into not after paving respectively With closed container can be poured into, after closing stands 2min in closed container, after the pet excrement 150ml gathered is divided equally Carry out odorous gas detection.Common diaper testing result:Ammonia concentration 110mg/m3, low molecule amine concentration 19mg/m3, thio-alcohol, Thioether class and other sulfur-containing compound 35mg/m3.The graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad testing result of the present invention:Ammonia concentration 0.9mg/m3, low molecule amine concentration 0.2mg/m3, mercaptan, thioether and other sulfur-containing compound 0.15mg/m3
Embodiment 2
(1)The crystalline flake graphite that grain size is 20 μm is distributed in water, ultrasonic disperse is carried out, forms the oxidation of a concentration of 1.2mg/ml Graphene dispersing solution A;
(2)By the phytic acid aqueous solution of the graphene oxide dispersion A of 100 mass parts and 0.5 mass parts 60wt%, it is put into 6h is reacted in ptfe autoclave at room temperature, is freeze-dried, graphene sponge material B is obtained;
(3)10 mass parts graphene sponge material B and 5 mass parts nano zine oxides are homogenized processing, then use 0.5 matter It measures part silane coupling agent and carries out surface modification treatment, obtain graphene-based deodorant C;
(4)The graphene-based deodorant C of 5.5 mass parts is added in 100 mass parts polyacrylic resins to obtain after mixing To mixture D;
(5)Mixture D and toilet paper, wood pulp are pressed in order, be absorbed a layer E;
(6)According to the sequence of face layer non-woven fabrics, absorbed layer E, bottom PE films, graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad is made.
Following detection experiment is carried out to the deodorizing effect of deodorization pet urine pad:
The common diaper and the graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad of the present invention for making 15cm × 20cm specifications, are put into not after paving respectively With closed container can be poured into, after closing stands 2min in closed container, after the pet excrement 150ml gathered is divided equally Carry out odorous gas detection.Common diaper testing result:Ammonia concentration 105mg/m3, low molecule amine concentration 17mg/m3, thio-alcohol, Thioether class and other sulfur-containing compound 37mg/m3.The graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad testing result of the present invention:Ammonia concentration 0.7mg/m3, low molecule amine concentration 0.15mg/m3, mercaptan, thioether and other sulfur-containing compound 0.12mg/m3
Embodiment 3
(1)The crystalline flake graphite that grain size is 8 μm is distributed in water, ultrasonic disperse is carried out, forms the oxidation stone of a concentration of 4mg/ml Black alkene dispersion liquid A;
(2)By the phytic acid aqueous solution of the graphene oxide dispersion A of 100 mass parts and 2 mass parts 40wt%, it is put into poly- 3h is reacted at room temperature in tetrafluoroethene reaction kettle, is freeze-dried, and graphene sponge material B is obtained;
(3)10 mass parts graphene sponge material B and 2 mass parts nano cupric oxides are homogenized processing, then use 0.3 matter It measures part silane coupling agent and carries out surface modification treatment, obtain graphene-based deodorant C;
(4)The graphene-based deodorant C of 2.5 mass parts is added in 100 mass parts polyacrylic resins to obtain after mixing To mixture D;
(5)Mixture D and toilet paper, wood pulp are pressed in order, be absorbed a layer E;
(6)According to the sequence of face layer non-woven fabrics, absorbed layer E, bottom PE films, graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad is made.
Following detection experiment is carried out to the deodorizing effect of deodorization pet urine pad:
The common diaper and the graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad of the present invention for making 15cm × 20cm specifications, are put into not after paving respectively With closed container can be poured into, after closing stands 2min in closed container, after the pet excrement 150ml gathered is divided equally Carry out odorous gas detection.Common diaper testing result:Ammonia concentration 106mg/m3, low molecule amine concentration 18mg/m3, thio-alcohol, Thioether class and other sulfur-containing compound 33mg/m3.The graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad testing result of the present invention:Ammonia concentration 0.8mg/m3, low molecule amine concentration 0.18mg/m3, mercaptan, thioether and other sulfur-containing compound 0.14mg/m3
Embodiment 4
(1)The crystalline flake graphite that grain size is 15 μm is distributed in water, ultrasonic disperse is carried out, forms the oxidation stone of a concentration of 3mg/ml Black alkene dispersion liquid A;
(2)By the phytic acid aqueous solution of the graphene oxide dispersion A of 100 mass parts and 1.5 mass parts 50wt%, it is put into 5h is reacted in ptfe autoclave at room temperature, is freeze-dried, graphene sponge material B is obtained;
(3)10 mass parts graphene sponge material B and 1.5 mass parts nano zine oxides are homogenized processing, then use 0.2 Mass parts titanate coupling agent carries out surface modification treatment, obtains graphene-based deodorant C;
(4)The graphene-based deodorant C of 4.5 mass parts is added in 100 mass parts polyacrylic resins to obtain after mixing To mixture D;
(5)Mixture D and toilet paper, wood pulp are pressed in order, be absorbed a layer E;
(6)According to the sequence of face layer non-woven fabrics, absorbed layer E, bottom PE films, graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad is made.
Following detection experiment is carried out to the deodorizing effect of deodorization pet urine pad:
The common diaper and the graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad of the present invention for making 15cm × 20cm specifications, are put into not after paving respectively With closed container can be poured into, after closing stands 2min in closed container, after the pet excrement 150ml gathered is divided equally Carry out odorous gas detection.Common diaper testing result:Ammonia concentration 102mg/m3, low molecule amine concentration 16mg/m3, thio-alcohol, Thioether class and other sulfur-containing compound 36mg/m3.The graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad testing result of the present invention:Ammonia concentration 0.7mg/m3, low molecule amine concentration 0.17mg/m3, mercaptan, thioether and other sulfur-containing compound 0.13mg/m3
Embodiment 5
(1)The crystalline flake graphite that grain size is 5 μm is distributed in water, ultrasonic disperse is carried out, forms the oxidation of a concentration of 1.8mg/ml Graphene dispersing solution A;
(2)By the phytic acid aqueous solution of the graphene oxide dispersion A of 100 mass parts and 0.8 mass parts 60wt%, it is put into 4h is reacted in ptfe autoclave at room temperature, is freeze-dried, graphene sponge material B is obtained;
(3)10 mass parts graphene sponge material B and 0.5 mass parts nano zine oxide are homogenized processing, then use 0.4 Mass parts titanate coupling agent carries out surface modification treatment, obtains graphene-based deodorant C;
(4)The graphene-based deodorant C of 5 mass parts is added in 100 mass parts polyacrylic resins to obtain after mixing Mixture D;
(5)Mixture D and toilet paper, wood pulp are pressed in order, be absorbed a layer E;
(6)According to the sequence of face layer non-woven fabrics, absorbed layer E, bottom PE films, graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad is made.
Following detection experiment is carried out to the deodorizing effect of deodorization pet urine pad:
The common diaper and the graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad of the present invention for making 15cm × 20cm specifications, are put into not after paving respectively With closed container can be poured into, after closing stands 2min in closed container, after the pet excrement 150ml gathered is divided equally Carry out odorous gas detection.Common diaper testing result:Ammonia concentration 111mg/m3, low molecule amine concentration 18mg/m3, thio-alcohol, Thioether class and other sulfur-containing compound 32mg/m3.The graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad testing result of the present invention:Ammonia concentration 0.85mg/m3, low molecule amine concentration 0.19mg/m3, mercaptan, thioether and other sulfur-containing compound 0.11mg/m3
Embodiment 6
(1)The crystalline flake graphite that grain size is 10 μm is distributed in water, ultrasonic disperse is carried out, forms the oxidation stone of a concentration of 2mg/ml Black alkene dispersion liquid A;
(2)By the phytic acid aqueous solution of the graphene oxide dispersion A of 100 mass parts and 1 mass parts 50wt%, it is put into poly- 5h is reacted at room temperature in tetrafluoroethene reaction kettle, is freeze-dried, and graphene sponge material B is obtained;
(3)10 mass parts graphene sponge material B and 3.5 mass parts nano-titanium oxides are homogenized processing, then use 0.1 Mass parts silane coupling agent carries out surface modification treatment, obtains graphene-based deodorant C;
(4)The graphene-based deodorant C of 2.2 mass parts is added in 100 mass parts polyacrylic resins to obtain after mixing To mixture D;
(5)Mixture D and toilet paper, wood pulp are pressed in order, be absorbed a layer E;
(6)According to the sequence of face layer non-woven fabrics, absorbed layer E, bottom PE films, graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad is made.
Following detection experiment is carried out to the deodorizing effect of deodorization pet urine pad:
The common diaper and the graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad of the present invention for making 15cm × 20cm specifications, are put into not after paving respectively With closed container can be poured into, after closing stands 2min in closed container, after the pet excrement 150ml gathered is divided equally Carry out odorous gas detection.Common diaper testing result:Ammonia concentration 107mg/m3, low molecule amine concentration 15mg/m3, thio-alcohol, Thioether class and other sulfur-containing compound 33mg/m3.The graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad testing result of the present invention:Ammonia concentration 0.8mg/m3, low molecule amine concentration 0.15mg/m3, mercaptan, thioether and other sulfur-containing compound 0.14mg/m3

Claims (9)

1. a kind of manufacturing method of graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad, it is characterised in that:Described method includes following steps:
(1)Graphite oxide is distributed in water, ultrasonic disperse is carried out, forms the graphene oxide dispersion of a concentration of 1-5mg/ml A;
(2)The graphene oxide dispersion A of 100 mass parts and 0.5-2 mass parts phytic acid are put into ptfe autoclave 2-6h is reacted, is freeze-dried, obtains graphene sponge material B;
(3)10 mass parts graphene sponge material B and 0.5-5 mass parts of catalyst are homogenized processing, then use 0.1- 0.5 mass parts coupling agent carries out surface modification treatment, obtains graphene-based deodorant C;
(4)The graphene-based deodorant C of 0.5-5.5 mass parts is added in 100 mass parts high exhaustions, after mixing, Obtain mixture D;
(5)Mixture D and toilet paper, wood pulp are pressed in order, be absorbed a layer E;
(6)It is compound according to face layer non-woven fabrics, absorbed layer E, the sequence of bottom PE films, graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad is made.
2. graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The graphite oxide is scale stone Ink, 5-20 μm of grain size, preferably 8-15 μm, it is 10 μm more preferable.
3. graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Step(1)It is formed a concentration of The graphene oxide dispersion A of 1.2-4mg/ml, preferably 1.5-3mg/ml, more preferable 1.8-2.5mg/ml, most preferably 2mg/ml.
4. graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad according to any one of claims 1 to 3, it is characterised in that:The phytic acid For the phytic acid aqueous solution of 40-60wt%, preferably 50wt%;The additive amount of phytic acid is 0.8-1.5 mass parts, preferably 1 mass Part.
5. graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad according to any one of claims 1 to 4, it is characterised in that:Step(2)In room It is reacted under temperature.
6. graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad according to any one of claims 1 to 5, it is characterised in that:The catalysis Agent is selected from nano-titanium oxide, nano zine oxide and nano cupric oxide.
7. graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad according to any one of claims 1 to 6, it is characterised in that:The coupling agent Selected from silane coupling agent and titanate coupling agent.
8. graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad according to any one of claims 1 to 7, it is characterised in that:The high-selenium corn Property resin be selected from Sodium Polyacrylate.
9. a kind of graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad, it is characterised in that:Using according to claim 1 to 8 any one of them side Method is made.
CN201810691656.0A 2018-06-28 2018-06-28 Graphene-based deodorization pet urine pad and its manufacturing method Pending CN108782279A (en)

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Application publication date: 20181113

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