CN108777850A - A kind of wetland evapotranspiration real-time monitoring system based on Internet of Things - Google Patents

A kind of wetland evapotranspiration real-time monitoring system based on Internet of Things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108777850A
CN108777850A CN201810267614.4A CN201810267614A CN108777850A CN 108777850 A CN108777850 A CN 108777850A CN 201810267614 A CN201810267614 A CN 201810267614A CN 108777850 A CN108777850 A CN 108777850A
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China
Prior art keywords
evapotranspiration
monitoring
wetland
information
real
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CN201810267614.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩敏
段彦忠
汪天祥
于越男
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Dalian University of Technology
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Dalian University of Technology
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Priority to CN201810267614.4A priority Critical patent/CN108777850A/en
Publication of CN108777850A publication Critical patent/CN108777850A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/30Services specially adapted for particular environments, situations or purposes
    • H04W4/38Services specially adapted for particular environments, situations or purposes for collecting sensor information
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01FMEASURING VOLUME, VOLUME FLOW, MASS FLOW OR LIQUID LEVEL; METERING BY VOLUME
    • G01F23/00Indicating or measuring liquid level, or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume, indicating by means of an alarm
    • G01F23/14Indicating or measuring liquid level, or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume, indicating by means of an alarm by measurement of pressure
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/12Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications adapted for proprietary or special purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in a car or remote metering networks

Abstract

A kind of wetland evapotranspiration real-time monitoring system based on Internet of Things belongs to information technology, plant physiology and ecological monitoring field, including wetland evapotranspiration real time data acquisition platform, wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring and evapotranspiration information database.Wetland evapotranspiration real time data acquisition platform acquires evapotranspiration and surveys the water level information of cylinder in real time, and sends information to wetland evapotranspiration monitoring information management system;The water level information that wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring obtains acquisition platform is analyzed, is handled, and combines underwater in-situ monitoring and the Separated type combination monitoring of the compensation evapotranspiration separating monitoring model realization wetland evapotranspiration of more of hydrology;Evapotranspiration information database is used to store the water level information for surveying cylinder, the essential information of instruction transmission information and user.The present invention can real time remote obtain, the wetland evapotranspiration situation of monitoring and management, provide reliable data supporting and easily data analysis for the research of wetland evapotranspiration, intelligence that raising Wetland ecological monitors, the level of IT application.

Description

A kind of wetland evapotranspiration real-time monitoring system based on Internet of Things
Technical field
The invention belongs to information technology, plant physiology and ecological monitoring fields, and in particular to real to a kind of wetland evapotranspiration When management system for monitoring.
Background technology
Wetland is as the most rich bio-diversity of nature and the highest ecosystem of Ecosystem Service, with huge Environmental functional and economic benefit, water conservation, purify water, flood of regulating and storing, degradation of contaminant, protection bio-diversity, adjust Solar term are waited and the particularly important ecological functions aspects such as offer available resources have the not replaceable effect of other systems.However, Due to the one-sidedness to wetland effectiveness understanding and the long-term destructive activity all the time of the mankind, Wetland Area reduces, is biological Diversity reduction, hypofunction, restrict the development of human social economy.Effectiveness research to wetland and wet land protection strategy study It is the Important Problems that the related disciplines such as the hydrology, meteorology, agricultural, forestry, soil are paid close attention to jointly as a research focus.
Wetlands ecosystems monitoring is to obtain the important channel of wetlands ecosystems and environmental information, as a result, to life The important evidence of scientific forecasting and Reasonable Protection measure is made in the variation of state system.Currently, wetlands ecosystems monitor spininess pair In water quality monitoring, hydrologic monitoring, wetland plant monitoring, the monitoring of wetland wild animal, wetland soil monitoring, community monitoring and external Species monitoring etc., monitoring and investigation for the evapotranspiration of wetland waters, water cycle process are almost blank out, are lacked a set of wet Ground evapotranspiration monitors system.On the other hand, existing Wetland ecological monitoring system mostly uses Development of Configuration Software, and this kind of software is more Pay attention to the online real-time of monitoring, the existing defects in data analysis, management.
WINFORM is a kind of WINDOWS desktop programs development mode that .NET is provided, the forms containing there are one, as control The platform of part and other figures can be easy to deployment and more new images, regardless of whether being connected to developing intellectual resource client INTERNET can work.The management system for monitoring developed under this framework can not only carry out online under network connection Monitoring, data analysis and processing in real time, and system can still carry out data management under off-line state.Therefore, for Wetland ecological Insufficient existing for system monitoring, the specific situation of present invention combination wetland is established wet by installation evapotranspiration survey cylinder, placement sensor Ground evapotranspiration real time data acquisition platform, obtain wetland plant evapotranspiration, evaporation from water surface, soil bacterial diversity data information and pass through Internet of Things is issued.Meanwhile wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring is built, it obtains the water level information that long-range monitoring platform measures and comes in fact The on-line real time monitoring of existing wetland evapotranspiration, by being wetland evapotranspiration, water to the analysis, management and Hydrologic Analysis of data Cycle, water resource provide reliable data supporting using effectiveness research.
Patent of the present invention is by " state natural sciences fund instrument basis special project-water source Reservoir Water Quality multidimensional pressure tight sampling The subsidy of items of equipment (51327004) ".
Invention content
The present invention is intended to provide a kind of wetland evapotranspiration real-time monitoring system based on Internet of Things, it being capable of on-line real time monitoring Wetland evapotranspiration situation, and off-line analysis and management can be carried out to data.The system can be used for handling several species, multimode simultaneously The underwater in-situ monitoring problem and Separated type combination monitoring problem of water plant are wetland evapotranspiration, water cycle, water resource utilization Effectiveness research provides reliable data supporting and easily data analysis.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical scheme is that:
A kind of wetland evapotranspiration real-time monitoring system based on Internet of Things, including wetland evapotranspiration real time data acquisition are flat Platform, wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring and evapotranspiration information database.
The wetland evapotranspiration real time data acquisition platform include evapotranspiration survey cylinder, pressure sensor, central controller and Solar power system acquires evapotranspiration and surveys the water level information of cylinder, and sends information to wetland evapotranspiration monitoring information in real time Management system.The water level information that the wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring obtains acquisition platform is further analyzed, Processing, and combine the underwater in-situ monitoring of the compensation evapotranspiration separating monitoring model realization wetland evapotranspiration of more of hydrology and divide It combines and monitors from formula.The evapotranspiration information database is used to store the water level information for surveying cylinder, instruction transmission information and user's Essential information.Evapotranspiration surveys in cylinder and is equipped with pressure sensor, can be launched in the important position in region according to the specific situation of wetland It sets.Central controller obtains the water level information of pressure sensor measurement in real time, and information preserve and sent by Internet of Things To wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring.
The wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring include evapotranspiration data acquisition module, the real-time monitoring modular of evapotranspiration, Evapotranspiration Basic Information Management module, report print module, system security management module.
Specifically, the major function of the evapotranspiration data acquisition module is the steaming to the long-range real-time acquisition platform of reception Disseminating data verified, filtered, conversion process, and is stored into database corresponding data table.
Specifically, the real-time monitoring modular of the evapotranspiration is to wetland evapotranspiration real-time exhibition, including underwater in-situ monitoring Module, Separated type combination monitor submodule.Wherein, each survey cylinder that underwater in-situ monitoring submodule measures pressure sensor is current Water level information carries out numerical value and shows and graphical display respectively;Separated type combination monitors the combination side that submodule surveys current wetland in cylinder Formula carries out picture presentation, and handles underwater in-situ monitoring number according to more compensation evapotranspiration separating monitoring model analysis of hydrology According to being carried out respectively to the vertical flux of soil in the evapotranspiration amount of water plant, water surface evaporation, Wetland Environment under Wetland Environment Numerical value is shown and graphical display.
Specifically, the evapotranspiration Basic Information Management module to the evapotranspiration situation of wetland carry out history check, trend Analysis, data management, including underwater in-situ schema management submodule and Separated type combination schema management submodule.Wherein, under water Schema management submodule in situ carries out numerical analysis and curve respectively to each survey cylinder history water level information that pressure sensor measures Analysis, and support to carry out manual compensation to evapotranspiration data content;Separated type combination schema management submodule is to water plant The historical information of soil vertical flux carries out numerical analysis and curve point respectively in evapotranspiration amount, water surface evaporation, Wetland Environment Analysis.
Specifically, the report print module classifies on demand to the evapotranspiration data of system monitoring and generates corresponding report Table, including underwater in-situ monitoring report printing submodule and Separated type combination monitor report printing submodule.Wherein, underwater in-situ Monitoring report printing submodule is managed simultaneously query display to respectively surveying the variation of cylinder water level and fluctuation in system, generates corresponding Report;Separated type combination monitors report printing submodule to the evapotranspiration amount of the water plant in system, water surface evaporation, wetland The variation of soil vertical flux and fluctuation are managed simultaneously query display in environment, generate corresponding report.
Specifically, the system security management module is used for the data in Management System Data library, supports system database Backup and reduction.
The effect and benefit of the present invention:
A kind of wetland evapotranspiration real-time monitoring system based on Internet of Things of the present invention, in conjunction with the specific situation of wetland, installation Evapotranspiration surveys cylinder, arranges pressure sensor and establish wetland evapotranspiration monitoring platform, and pressure is obtained in real time by central controller The water level information of sensor measurement simultaneously carries out Internet of Things publication.Wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring is flat by obtaining long-range monitoring The data of platform publication after being analyzed and being handled, by wetland evapotranspiration information storage to evapotranspiration information database, and combine The compensation evapotranspiration separating monitoring model of more of hydrology carries out the underwater in-situ monitoring and Separated type combination prison of wetland evapotranspiration It surveys, reliable data supporting is provided for wetland evapotranspiration research.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure figure of the wetland evapotranspiration real-time monitoring system based on Internet of Things.
Fig. 2 is wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring structural schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the real-time monitoring modular structural schematic diagram of evapotranspiration.
Fig. 4 is evapotranspiration Basic Information Management modular structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is report print module structural schematic diagram.
In figure:1 wetland evapotranspiration real time data acquisition platform;2 wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring;3 evapotranspire photos and sending messages Database;2-1 evapotranspiration data acquisition modules;The real-time monitoring modular of 2-2 evapotranspirations;2-3 evapotranspiration Basic Information Management modules; 2-4 report print modules;2-5 system security management modules;2-2-1 underwater in-situ monitoring submodules;2-2-2 Separated type combinations are supervised Survey submodule;2-3-1 underwater in-situ schema management submodules;2-3-2 Separated type combination schema management submodules;2-4-1 is underwater In-situ monitoring report printing submodule;2-4-2 Separated type combinations monitor report printing submodule.
Specific implementation mode
It is combination technology scheme and attached drawing detailed description of the invention below.
Fig. 1 show the overall structure figure of the wetland evapotranspiration real-time monitoring system based on Internet of Things, and present example carries A kind of wetland evapotranspiration real-time monitoring and management system has been supplied, including:Wetland evapotranspiration real time data acquisition platform 1, wetland evapotranspire Send out management system for monitoring 2 and evapotranspiration information database 3.The water level information that cylinder is surveyed in evapotranspiration is real-time by wetland evapotranspiration data Data are carried out Internet of Things publication by acquisition platform 1, are sent to wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring 2.Evapotranspiration monitoring management system It, will be in wetland evapotranspiration information storage to evapotranspiration information database 3 after system 2 pairs of data analyses, processing.Meanwhile wetland evapotranspires Hair management system for monitoring 2 can read the data in evapotranspiration information database 3, and be managed to it.
The water level information that the wetland evapotranspiration real time data acquisition platform 1 surveys cylinder for acquiring evapotranspiration in real time, and will Information is sent to wetland evapotranspiration monitoring information management system.It surveys cylinder, pressure sensor, central controller and too by evapotranspiration Positive energy electricity generation system is constituted.Evapotranspiration surveys in cylinder and is equipped with pressure sensor, can be launched in area according to the specific situation of wetland Domain critical positions.Central controller obtains the water level information of pressure sensor measurement in real time, and information is stored and passes through object Networking publication is transmitted to wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring.
The wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring 2 is developed using WINFORM, is adopted in real time to wetland evapotranspiration data More survey cylinder water level informations that collection platform 1 acquires are further analyzed, handle, and combine more compensation evapotranspirations of hydrology Separating monitoring model display Separated type combination monitoring result.
The evapotranspiration information database 3 builds database using SQL Server 2008R2, creates tables of data, is used for Store the data information of wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring 2.
Fig. 2 show 2 structural schematic diagram of wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring, including:Evapotranspiration data acquisition module 2- 1, the real-time monitoring modular 2-2 of evapotranspiration, evapotranspiration Basic Information Management module 2-3, report print module 2-4, system bursting tube Manage module 2-5.
Above-mentioned each submodule is described in detail below:
The major function of the evapotranspiration data acquisition module 2-1 is to remotely obtaining wetland evapotranspiration number by Internet of Things When factually acquisition platform 1 acquire evapotranspiration survey cylinder water level information, and verified, filtered, convert after store data into phase In the tables of data answered.
Fig. 3 is the real-time monitoring modular 2-2 structural schematic diagrams of evapotranspiration.The real-time monitoring modular 2-2 of evapotranspiration is to wetland Evapotranspiration real-time exhibition, including underwater in-situ monitoring submodule 2-2-1 and Separated type combination monitoring submodule 2-2-2.The water Lower in-situ monitoring submodule 2-2-1 carries out numerical value to each survey cylinder current level information that pressure sensor measures and shows and figure respectively Shape is shown;The combination that the Separated type combination monitoring submodule 2-2-2 surveys current wetland in cylinder carries out picture presentation, and root Underwater in-situ monitoring data are handled according to more compensation evapotranspiration separating monitoring model analysis of hydrology, to aquatic under Wetland Environment Soil vertical flux carries out numerical value and shows and graphical display respectively in the evapotranspiration amount of plant, water surface evaporation, Wetland Environment.
Fig. 4 is evapotranspiration Basic Information Management module 2-3 structural schematic diagrams.The evapotranspiration Basic Information Management module 2- The evapotranspiration situation of 3 pairs of wetlands carry out history check, trend analysis, data management, including underwater in-situ schema management submodule 2-3-1 and Separated type combination schema management submodule 2-3-2.The underwater in-situ schema management submodule 2-3-1 passes pressure Each survey cylinder history water level information that sensor measures carries out numerical analysis and tracing analysis respectively, supports to carry out people to the photos and sending messages that evapotranspire It can be exported for compensation and according to the corresponding report of result generation;2-3-2 pairs of the Separated type combination schema management submodule The historical information of soil vertical flux carries out numerical value point respectively in the evapotranspiration amount of water plant, water surface evaporation, Wetland Environment Analysis and tracing analysis can generate corresponding report according to result and be exported.
Fig. 5 is report print module 2-4 structural schematic diagrams.Evapotranspirations of the report print module 2-4 to system monitoring Data classify and generate corresponding report on demand to be exported, and facilitates further analysis, processing of the user to data, including underwater In-situ monitoring report printing submodule 2-4-1 and Separated type combination monitoring report printing submodule 2-4-2.The underwater in-situ prison Table printing submodule 2-4-1 is observed and predicted to be managed to respectively surveying the variation of cylinder water level and fluctuation in system, query display and generate phase The report answered can export TXT, EXCEL format file according to result or connection local printer carries out Print Preview and report is beaten Print;The Separated type combination monitors report printing submodule 2-4-2 to the evapotranspiration amount of the water plant in system, evaporation from water surface Amount, the variation of soil vertical flux and fluctuation are managed, query display and generate corresponding report in Wetland Environment, can be according to knot Tab phenolphthaleinum goes out TXT, EXCEL format file or connection local printer carries out Print Preview and report printing.
The system security management module 2-5 is used for the data in Management System Data library, can be by the backup of system database To computer designated position, and system database can be restored according to previous backup file.
Those skilled in the art it should be appreciated that more than embodiment be intended merely to illustrate the present invention, and It is not used for as limitation of the invention, as long as in the spirit of the present invention, modification to above example and replaces Changing will all fall within the scope of claims of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of wetland evapotranspiration real-time monitoring system based on Internet of Things, which is characterized in that described based on the wet of Internet of Things Ground evapotranspiration real-time monitoring system includes wetland evapotranspiration real time data acquisition platform (1), wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring (2) and evapotranspiration information database (3);
The wetland evapotranspiration real time data acquisition platform (1) includes that cylinder, pressure sensor, central controller and too are surveyed in evapotranspiration Positive energy electricity generation system acquires evapotranspiration and surveys the water level information of cylinder, and sends information to wetland evapotranspiration monitoring information pipe in real time Reason system (2), wetland evapotranspiration monitoring information management system (2) are analyzed more survey cylinder water level informations of acquisition, are handled, and In conjunction with the underwater in-situ monitoring and separate type group of more compensation evapotranspiration separating monitoring model realization wetland evapotranspiration of hydrology Close monitoring;The evapotranspiration information database (3) is used to store the basic of the water level information for surveying cylinder, instruction transmission information and user Information;
The wetland evapotranspiration management system for monitoring (2) includes that evapotranspiration data acquisition module (2-1), evapotranspiration monitor mould in real time Block (2-2), evapotranspiration Basic Information Management module (2-3), report print module (2-4), system security management module (2-5); The evapotranspiration data acquisition module (2-1) is remotely obtained wetland evapotranspiration by Internet of Things and surveys cylinder water level information, and is carried out It is stored data into corresponding tables of data after verification, filtering, conversion;The real-time monitoring modular of the evapotranspiration (2-2) is to wet Ground evapotranspiration real-time exhibition;The evapotranspiration Basic Information Management module (2-3) carries out history to the evapotranspiration situation of wetland and looks into See, trend analysis, data management;The report print module (2-4) classifies on demand to the evapotranspiration data of system monitoring and life It is exported at corresponding report;The system security management module (2-5) is managed system database.
2. the wetland evapotranspiration real-time monitoring system according to claim 1 based on Internet of Things, which is characterized in that described The real-time monitoring modular of evapotranspiration (2-2) includes underwater in-situ monitoring submodule (2-2-1), Separated type combination monitoring submodule (2- 2-2);The underwater in-situ monitoring submodule (2-2-1) realizes each survey cylinder current level information point measured to pressure sensor Do not carry out online numerical value show and inline graphics show;The Separated type combination monitoring submodule (2-2-2) is realized to current wet The combination that cylinder is surveyed on ground carries out picture presentation, this module is according to more compensation evapotranspiration separating monitoring model analysis of hydrology Online processing underwater in-situ monitoring data are realized to the evapotranspiration amount of water plant, water surface evaporation, wetland ring under Wetland Environment In border the vertical flux of soil carry out respectively online numerical value show and inline graphics show.
3. the wetland evapotranspiration real-time monitoring system according to claim 1 based on Internet of Things, which is characterized in that described Evapotranspiration Basic Information Management module (2-3) includes underwater in-situ schema management submodule (2-3-1), Separated type combination pattern pipe Manage submodule (2-3-2);The underwater in-situ schema management submodule (2-3-1) realizes each survey cylinder measured to pressure sensor History water level information carries out offline numerical analysis and offline tracing analysis respectively, supports to carry out artificial compensation simultaneously to the photos and sending messages that evapotranspire Corresponding report can be generated according to result to be exported;The Separated type combination schema management submodule (2-3-2) is realized to water The historical information of the vertical flux of soil is counted offline respectively in the evapotranspiration amount of plant, water surface evaporation, Wetland Environment Value analysis and offline tracing analysis can generate corresponding report according to result and be exported.
4. the wetland evapotranspiration real-time monitoring system according to claim 1 based on Internet of Things, which is characterized in that described Report print module (2-4) includes underwater in-situ monitoring report printing submodule (2-4-1), Separated type combination monitoring report printing Submodule (2-4-2);The underwater in-situ monitoring report printing submodule (2-4-1) is realized to respectively surveying cylinder SEA LEVEL VARIATION in system Be managed with fluctuation, query display and generate corresponding report, can be exported according to result TXT, EXCEL format file or connection this Ground printer carries out Print Preview and report printing;Separated type combination monitoring report printing submodule (2-4-2) realization pair The vertical flux variation and fluctuation of soil carry out pipe in the evapotranspiration amount of water plant, water surface evaporation, Wetland Environment in system Reason, query display simultaneously generate corresponding report, export TXT, EXCEL format file according to result or connection local printer is beaten Print preview and report printing.
CN201810267614.4A 2018-03-29 2018-03-29 A kind of wetland evapotranspiration real-time monitoring system based on Internet of Things Pending CN108777850A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1514227A (en) * 2003-08-18 2004-07-21 大连理工大学 Three barrel compensating type evaporation and penetration measuring device
US7510649B1 (en) * 2004-01-09 2009-03-31 Ronald Lavigne Top loading vertical flow submerged bed wastewater treatment system
CN101482428A (en) * 2009-01-15 2009-07-15 大连理工大学 Multi-cylinder compensation type water surface evapotranspirometer and its use method
CN202522499U (en) * 2012-02-01 2012-11-07 北京福瑞科泰生态技术有限公司 Sleeve lysimeter
CN105067472A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-11-18 首都师范大学 Super-humid earth surface environment water lysimeter
CN106871963A (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-06-20 大连理工大学 A kind of reservoir water-supply real time monitoring management system

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1514227A (en) * 2003-08-18 2004-07-21 大连理工大学 Three barrel compensating type evaporation and penetration measuring device
US7510649B1 (en) * 2004-01-09 2009-03-31 Ronald Lavigne Top loading vertical flow submerged bed wastewater treatment system
CN101482428A (en) * 2009-01-15 2009-07-15 大连理工大学 Multi-cylinder compensation type water surface evapotranspirometer and its use method
CN202522499U (en) * 2012-02-01 2012-11-07 北京福瑞科泰生态技术有限公司 Sleeve lysimeter
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Application publication date: 20181109