CN108759899A - Solar power station EMS - Google Patents

Solar power station EMS Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108759899A
CN108759899A CN201810172799.0A CN201810172799A CN108759899A CN 108759899 A CN108759899 A CN 108759899A CN 201810172799 A CN201810172799 A CN 201810172799A CN 108759899 A CN108759899 A CN 108759899A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
power station
solar power
cleaning
detection module
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810172799.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董志国
王军
杨炎
石宏鑫
李雪
王青岩
史家轩
Original Assignee
上海安轩自动化科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Application filed by 上海安轩自动化科技有限公司 filed Critical 上海安轩自动化科技有限公司
Priority to CN201810172799.0A priority Critical patent/CN108759899A/en
Publication of CN108759899A publication Critical patent/CN108759899A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D21/00Measuring or testing not otherwise provided for
    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of solar power station EMSs, including:Context detection module, control unit, warning module, cleaning module and wireless communication module, wherein:Context detection module:The environment of solar power station is detected, environment measuring data are obtained;Environment measuring data by radio communication module transfer to control unit;Control unit:It stores and analyzes environment measuring data, and control cleaning module;Warning module:Set environment early warning value, judges whether environment measuring data reach environmental warning value, if the determination result is YES, then sends clear instruction to cleaning module;If judging result is no, clear instruction is not sent to cleaning module;Cleaning module:Cleaning to solar power station.The present invention improves the generating efficiency of solar power plant, reduces dust, illumination, rainwater to the power generation loss of solar panel;The automatic cleaning to solar panel is realized by cleaning module, generating efficiency is improved, human cost is greatly saved.

Description

Solar power station EMS

Technical field

The present invention relates to environmental testings, and in particular, to a kind of solar power station EMS.Specifically Ground, the present invention relates to the EMSs that the dust, amount of rainfall, illuminance etc. to solar power station are detected.

Background technology

Solar energy is inexhaustible, nexhaustible clear energy sources, and solar energy power generating is safe and reliable, but It is that the generating efficiency of solar panel only has 10%~20% or so.The factor for influencing solar panel Generation Rate is main Have:Illuminance, solar panel surface dirt/spot, environment temperature and humidity, wind direction etc., wherein illuminance and battery plate surface Dust/spot is to influence the most important factor of solar panel generating efficiency.

Illuminance mainly by geographical distribution, seasonal variations, day alternates with night, weather is influenced, belong to uncontrollable natural cause; Solar panel surface dirt/spot is mainly due to the influences such as floating solid in local environment pollution, dust storm, air, according to statistics Dust is to the generated energy loss of photovoltaic battery panel up to 5%~20%, in western China, primary medium scale sandstorm The generated energy of photovoltaic battery panel 50% can even be reduced.Therefore dust is solved to the generating influence of photovoltaic battery panel, can be carried significantly Rise the generating efficiency of solar panel.

Existing dust detection technique, primarily directed to the detection of solid matter content in air, principle is that optics passes The exploring laser light of sensor receives and generates pulse signal after dust particle scatters by light-sensitive element, which is exported simultaneously Amplification, then carries out Digital Signal Processing, by being compared with standard particle signal, by the different parameter list of comparing result It shows to come.But how to detect and adhere to the device or method that dust content on glass panels there is no practicality in photovoltaic plant.

After photovoltaic panel generates dust, if can timely and effectively remove generated energy benefit of the dust to photovoltaic power plant It plays a decisive role.Eliminating dust needs corresponding amount of dust detection and prior-warning device;The validity for eliminating dust is pair The cleaning method of dust be science, meet needs of production.

Mainly using anhydrous cleaning and there is water to clean two ways the cleaning of photovoltaic battery panel in the market.It is wherein anhydrous clear Sweeping major advantage is, anhydrous operation, and solar panel surface blot is removed using artificial or machine driving hairbrush;But the disadvantage is that clearly It is undesirable to sweep effect, is especially polluting more serious area, solar panel spot includes a variety of sundries, and adhesion is stronger, it is difficult to It removes clean.For comparing, there is the shortcomings that water cleaning compensates for anhydrous cleaning well, in seriously polluted area by increasing solar panel Special cleaning can prodigious promotion cleaning effect;But there is water to clean the disadvantage is that being drawn to water source, especially in western water shortage Area is more difficult.Meanwhile photovoltaic plant is mainly cleaned using artificial O&M, this is difficult to realize using nature rainwater to photovoltaic Solar panel is cleaned.

Invention content

For the defects in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of solar power station EMSs.

According to a kind of solar power station EMS provided by the invention, including:Context detection module, control are single Member, warning module, cleaning module and wireless communication module, wherein:

Context detection module:The environment of solar power station is detected, environment measuring data are obtained;

Environment measuring data by radio communication module transfer to control unit;

Control unit:It stores and analyzes environment measuring data, and control cleaning module;

Warning module:Set environment early warning value, judges whether environment measuring data reach environmental warning value, if judging result It is yes, then sends clear instruction to cleaning module;If judging result is no, clear instruction is not sent to cleaning module;

Cleaning module:Cleaning to solar power station.

Preferably, the context detection module include dust detection module, rainwater detection module, illuminance detection module with And humiture module, wherein:

Dust detection module:Detect the amount of dust of solar cell plate surface;

Rainwater detection module:Detect the amount of rainfall of solar power station;

Illuminance detection module:Detect the real-time lighting intensity of solar power station;

Humiture module:Detect the real time humiture of solar power station.

Preferably, described control unit includes information receiving unit, server and central station, wherein:

Described information system receiving unit:Receive environment detection data;

The server:Storage environment detection data;

The central station:Analysis environmental monitoring data simultaneously controls cleaning module.

Preferably, the dust detection module, which is realized, detects the dust content of solar cell plate surface, amount of dust Solar panel power generation loss rate is converted to, disturbance degree of the dust to generated energy of solar cell plate surface is directly characterized.

Preferably, the cleaning module includes solar energy cleaning robot, and the solar energy cleaning robot can be with control Cell data communication processed, control unit control solar energy cleaning robot by wireless 433M.

Preferably, further include user terminal, the environment that the user terminal can by radio communication in module polls server Detection data, the user terminal include mobile phone, computer, Intelligent bracelet or smartwatch.

Preferably, the wireless communication module includes 3G/4G modules.

Preferably, the rainwater detection module includes outer barrel, rain container, instrument base, filter mantle and funnel, described to hold Rain device is set on the upside of the outer barrel, and the bottom of the rain container is provided with filter mantle, and the funnel is set to the rain container Lower section, the instrument base is set to the bottom of the outer barrel.

Compared with prior art, the present invention has following advantageous effect:

1, it improves the generating efficiency of solar power plant, reduces dust, illumination, rainwater to the power generation loss of solar panel;

2, the automatic cleaning to solar panel is realized by cleaning module, improves generating efficiency, greatlys save Human cost.

Description of the drawings

Upon reading the detailed description of non-limiting embodiments with reference to the following drawings, other feature of the invention, Objects and advantages will become more apparent upon:

Fig. 1 is solar power station EMS composition figure;

Fig. 2 is the composition figure of dust detection module;

Fig. 3 is the composition figure of rainwater detection module.

In figure:1- normal cell plates;2- control cell plates;3- sweeping robots;4- outer barrels;5- rain containers;6- instruments bottom Seat;7- filter mantles;8- funnels;9- connecting terminals;10- spirit bubbles.

Specific implementation mode

With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention is described in detail.Following embodiment will be helpful to the technology of this field Personnel further understand the present invention, but the invention is not limited in any way.It should be pointed out that the ordinary skill of this field For personnel, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, several changes and improvements can also be made.These belong to the present invention Protection domain.

As shown in Figure 1, according to a kind of solar power station EMS provided by the invention, including:Environment measuring mould Block, control unit, warning module, cleaning module and wireless communication module, wherein:Context detection module is for detecting solar energy The environment in power station obtains environment measuring data;Environment measuring data by radio communication module transfer to control unit;Control is single Member stores and analyzes environment measuring data, and controls cleaning module;Warning module set environment early warning value, judges environment measuring number According to whether environmental warning value is reached, if the determination result is YES, then clear instruction is sent to cleaning module;If judging result is no, Clear instruction is not sent then to cleaning module;Cleaning module is for the cleaning to solar power station.

Further, the context detection module includes dust detection module, rainwater detection module, illuminance detection module And humiture module, wherein:Dust detection module detects the amount of dust of solar cell plate surface;Rainwater detection module detects The amount of rainfall of solar power station;

Illuminance detection module detects the real-time lighting intensity of solar power station;Humiture module detects solar power station Real time humiture.In more detail, the dust detection module, which is realized, detects the dust content of solar cell plate surface, Amount of dust is converted to solar panel power generation loss rate, directly characterizes disturbance degree of the dust to generated energy of solar cell plate surface.

Control unit is described in detail, described control unit includes information receiving unit, server and central station, Wherein:Described information system receiving unit receives environment detection data;The server storage environment measuring data;The center It stands and analyzes environmental monitoring data and control cleaning module.

In detail, the cleaning module includes solar energy cleaning robot, and the solar energy cleaning robot can be with control Cell data communication processed, control unit control solar energy cleaning robot by wireless 433M.

Solar power station EMS further includes user terminal, and the user terminal being capable of module polls by radio communication Environment measuring data in server, the user terminal include mobile phone, computer, Intelligent bracelet or smartwatch.Wherein:It is described Wireless communication module includes 3G/4G modules.

Dust detection module system forms as shown in Fig. 2, wherein normal cell plate 1 and control cell plate 2 is compared to each other, and two The access load of block solar panel, detects the generated output of two pieces of solar panels in real time, and the power generation of comparison plate is calculated by transfer algorithm Amount loss.Normal cell plate 1 is furnished with sweeping robot 3, remains that its surface is clean.With environmental degradation, 2 table of control cell plate Face starts to deposit dust, and generated output comparison with standard solar panel 1 is declined.When 2 generated output of control cell plate drops to After preset environment alarming value, two pieces of solar panel surface dirts of the removing of sweeping robot 3 are consistent to surface cleanness, while letter Breath reports to server.

As shown in figure 3, the shell of rainwater detection module is metal buckets, the metal buckets are divided to two section up and down.Upper section is done Rain use, the preferably cylinder of 20 centimetres of diameter are held, to keep the shape and area of nozzle, cylinder material is stiff materials;It is anti- Only rainwater is splashed into, and nozzle is in interior straight outer oblique knife-edge.Bottom is the funnel of a water receiving, and funnel stretches into water-storing bottle.In lower section cylinder It is equipped with water-storing bottle.Snowfall season takes out water-storing bottle, changes the nozzle without funnel, snowflake can be stored up directly into rain gage bucket bottom.Rainwater Detection module can detect the precipitation of arbitrary intensity, and clean work according to preset environmental warning value to start sweeping robot Industry.

Illuminance detection module and humiture module use standard MODBUS communication protocols, can facilitate and be carried out with control unit Docking.3G/4G modules are communicated with for solar power station EMS using RS485 transparent transmissions, then pass through 3G/4G nets Network is transferred to server.

Specific embodiments of the present invention are described above.It is to be appreciated that the invention is not limited in above-mentioned Particular implementation, those skilled in the art can make a variety of changes or change within the scope of the claims, this not shadow Ring the substantive content of the present invention.In the absence of conflict, the feature in embodiments herein and embodiment can arbitrary phase Mutually combination.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of solar power station EMS, which is characterized in that including:Context detection module, control unit, early warning mould Block, cleaning module and wireless communication module, wherein:
Context detection module:The environment of solar power station is detected, environment measuring data are obtained;
Environment measuring data by radio communication module transfer to control unit;
Control unit:It stores and analyzes environment measuring data, and control cleaning module;
Warning module:Set environment early warning value, judges whether environment measuring data reach environmental warning value, if judging result is It is then to send clear instruction to cleaning module;If judging result is no, clear instruction is not sent to cleaning module;
Cleaning module:Cleaning to solar power station.
2. solar power station EMS according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the context detection module packet Dust detection module, rainwater detection module, illuminance detection module and humiture module are included, wherein:
Dust detection module:Detect the amount of dust of solar cell plate surface;
Rainwater detection module:Detect the amount of rainfall of solar power station;
Illuminance detection module:Detect the real-time lighting intensity of solar power station;
Humiture module:Detect the real time humiture of solar power station.
3. solar power station EMS according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described control unit includes letter Receiving unit, server and central station are ceased, wherein:
Described information system receiving unit:Receive environment detection data;
The server:Storage environment detection data;
The central station:Analysis environmental monitoring data simultaneously controls cleaning module.
4. solar power station EMS according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the dust detection module is real Now the dust content of solar cell plate surface is detected, amount of dust is converted to solar panel power generation loss rate, is directly characterized too Disturbance degree of the dust of positive energy battery plate surface to generated energy.
5. solar power station EMS according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cleaning module includes too Positive energy cleaning robot, the solar energy cleaning robot can pass through wireless with control unit data communication, control unit 433M controls solar energy cleaning robot.
6. solar power station EMS according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include user terminal, it is described User terminal can by radio communication in module polls server environment measuring data, the user terminal include mobile phone, computer, Intelligent bracelet or smartwatch.
7. solar power station EMS according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the wireless communication module packet Include 3G/4G modules.
8. solar power station EMS according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the rainwater detection module packet Outer barrel, rain container, instrument base, filter mantle and funnel are included, the rain container is set on the upside of the outer barrel, the rain container Bottom be provided with filter mantle, the funnel is set to the lower section of the rain container, and the instrument base is set to the outer barrel Bottom.
CN201810172799.0A 2018-03-01 2018-03-01 Solar power station EMS CN108759899A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810172799.0A CN108759899A (en) 2018-03-01 2018-03-01 Solar power station EMS

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810172799.0A CN108759899A (en) 2018-03-01 2018-03-01 Solar power station EMS

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108759899A true CN108759899A (en) 2018-11-06

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CN201810172799.0A CN108759899A (en) 2018-03-01 2018-03-01 Solar power station EMS

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202638788U (en) * 2012-05-11 2013-01-02 洛阳尚德太阳能电力有限公司 Solar cell array cleaning system for solar power station
CN104690024A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-06-10 北京京东方能源科技有限公司 Photovoltaic power station cleaning system
CN104722519A (en) * 2013-12-24 2015-06-24 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Automatic cleaning system for photovoltaic modules
CN104750010A (en) * 2015-03-06 2015-07-01 苏州市职业大学 Environment monitor for solar power station and control method
CN206591570U (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-10-27 漯河市豫禾农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of portable agricultural irrigation rain collector

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202638788U (en) * 2012-05-11 2013-01-02 洛阳尚德太阳能电力有限公司 Solar cell array cleaning system for solar power station
CN104722519A (en) * 2013-12-24 2015-06-24 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Automatic cleaning system for photovoltaic modules
CN104750010A (en) * 2015-03-06 2015-07-01 苏州市职业大学 Environment monitor for solar power station and control method
CN104690024A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-06-10 北京京东方能源科技有限公司 Photovoltaic power station cleaning system
US20170036246A1 (en) * 2015-03-26 2017-02-09 Boe Technology Group Co., Ltd. Cleaning system for photovoltaic power station
CN206591570U (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-10-27 漯河市豫禾农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of portable agricultural irrigation rain collector

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Application publication date: 20181106