CN108743031A - The shaping methods of cavity of concha and duct deformity - Google Patents

The shaping methods of cavity of concha and duct deformity Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108743031A
CN108743031A CN201810303720.3A CN201810303720A CN108743031A CN 108743031 A CN108743031 A CN 108743031A CN 201810303720 A CN201810303720 A CN 201810303720A CN 108743031 A CN108743031 A CN 108743031A
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concha
cavity
duct
ear
mixing
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CN201810303720.3A
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CN108743031B (en
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韩军宁
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韩军宁
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F11/00Methods or devices for treatment of the ears, e.g. surgical; Protective devices for the ears, carried on the body or in the hand ; Non-electric hearing aids
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces

Abstract

The present invention relates to shaping methods, and in particular to a kind of cavity of concha and the shaping methods of duct deformity.This method is that ear is printed A materials to be uniformly mixed with ear print B material, forms ear and prints mixing material;By in ear print mixing material injection cavity of concha and duct, is taken out after ear prints mixing material plastotype, form model presoma;The canal section of model presoma is pinched into cylinder, injection ear prints mixing material in the groove of concha auriculae cavity segment, and groove is filled up to form plane, forms cavity of concha duct model after plastotype;Cavity of concha duct model is filled in cavity of concha and duct, is fixed with pedestal, outer cover.The present invention takes personalized treatment, it is customized to different patients to be suitble to the cavity of concha duct model of oneself, the cavity of concha duct model is puted forth effort uniformly, comfortable wearing, greatly reduce the incidence of the complication such as ulcer, perfect cavity of concha and duct can be moulded simultaneously, solves the personalized question of every patient.

Description

The shaping methods of cavity of concha and duct deformity
Technical field
The present invention relates to shaping methods, and in particular to a kind of cavity of concha and the shaping methods of duct deformity.
Background technology
Deformity of ear is clinically very common, often bends the craniums face congenital malformation syndromes such as depauperation simultaneously with first and second cheek Hair, is caused by the change of developmental deformity or mechanical structure.Congenital microtia is also known as Congenital malformation of external and middle ear, shows as Severe auricle hypoplasia has ankylotia or narrow, middle ear deformity, and inner ear development is mostly normal, has by osteoacusis Certain hearing needs to treat by whole auricle reconstruction and auditory function reconstruction operations.
Aural deformity is divided into structural deformities and form deformity, the former, which is often referred to skin and the defect of cartilage, leads to hypoplasia Auricle, the latter is then the complete auricle morphology anomalous variation of development, and if cavity of concha is extremely raised, duct mouth-shaped changes Deng, to Psychology of childhood patients development and social activities have harmful effect.Aural deformity both can also be corrected with operating shaping by ear-drum Think highly of modeling pinna shape.
Currently, more commonly used method is to treat aural deformity using ear-drum rectifier.Bright power of letter etc. exists《Chinese ear nose pharynx Larynx Head and neck tumour》.2017,24(8):Report treats newborn's aural deformity using EarWell ear-drum rectifiers in 391-395, EarWell ear-drum rectifiers include pedestal, four part of outer cover, retractor and cavity of concha orthoses.Pedestal passes through bottom adhesive tape Nearly skin, after being fixed on ear, retractor is positioned at lopsided helix, and cavity of concha orthoses is extremely raised for correcting cavity of concha, It is loaded into cavity of concha according to the depth of external auditory canal opening and cavity of concha, outer cover is used for self-retaining retractor and cavity of concha orthoses.It should The shape of cavity of concha orthoses has been formed, and the shape of each neonatal cavity of concha is not fully identical, using the cavity of concha When orthoses corrects cavity of concha, put forth effort uneven, be easy to cause the complication such as skin ulceration, therefore cavity of concha orthoses and uncomfortable Close the correction of all cavity of concha deformities.In addition the cavity of concha orthoses pertains only to the correction of cavity of concha deformity, does not relate to pair The correction of duct deformity.
Invention content
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cavity of concha and the shaping methods of duct deformity, can repair simultaneously cavity of concha and Duct deformity also can individually repair cavity of concha deformity or duct deformity, because putting forth effort uniformly to avoid ulcer, while can mould Make perfect cavity of concha and duct shape.
The technical scheme is that made for the form deformity in aural deformity, it is divided into following several situations:
(1) cavity of concha and duct are lopsided simultaneously:
The shaping methods of cavity of concha and duct deformity of the present invention, include the following steps:
(1) it by ear print mixing material injection cavity of concha and duct, is taken out after ear prints mixing material plastotype, forms concha auriculae Chamber duct model presoma;The cavity of concha duct model presoma includes concha auriculae cavity region and two, duct region part;
(2) groove is formed in concha auriculae cavity region, duct region is in irregular shape, is injected into the groove of concha auriculae cavity region Ear prints mixing material, and groove is filled up to form plane;Mixing material is printed using ear, duct region is shaped as cylinder, plastotype Cavity of concha duct model is formed afterwards;
(3) cavity of concha duct model is placed in cavity of concha and duct, is fixed with pedestal, outer cover.
(2) cavity of concha deformity:
The shaping methods of cavity of concha deformity of the present invention, include the following steps:
(1) it by ear print mixing material injection cavity of concha, is taken out after ear prints mixing material plastotype, forms cavity of concha model Presoma;
(2) groove is formed in cavity of concha model presoma, and ear is injected into groove and prints mixing material, groove is filled up to be formed Plane forms cavity of concha model after plastotype;
(3) cavity of concha model is placed in cavity of concha, is fixed with pedestal, outer cover.
Preferably, the shaping methods of cavity of concha deformity of the present invention, include the following steps:
(1) it by ear print mixing material injection cavity of concha and duct, is taken out after ear prints mixing material plastotype, forms concha auriculae Chamber duct model presoma;The cavity of concha duct model presoma includes concha auriculae cavity region and two, duct region part;
(2) groove is formed in concha auriculae cavity region, duct region is in regular shape, injects ear into the groove of concha auriculae cavity region Mixing material is printed, groove is filled up to form plane, forms cavity of concha duct model after plastotype;
(3) cavity of concha duct model is placed in cavity of concha and duct, is fixed with pedestal, outer cover.
(3) duct deformity:
The shaping methods of duct deformity of the present invention, include the following steps:
(1) it by ear print mixing material injection cavity of concha and duct, is taken out after ear prints mixing material plastotype, forms concha auriculae Chamber duct model presoma;The cavity of concha duct model presoma includes concha auriculae cavity region and two, duct region part;
(2) groove is not formed in concha auriculae cavity region, duct region is in irregular shape, mixing material is printed using ear, by ear Road region is shaped as cylinder, and cavity of concha duct model is formed after plastotype;
(3) cavity of concha duct model is placed in cavity of concha and duct, is fixed with pedestal, outer cover.
Wherein:
The ear print mixing material is uniformly mixed with ear print B material by ear print A materials and is made, and middle ear print A materials and ear It is 1 to print B material mass ratio:1.It is commercial product that ear, which prints A materials with ear print B material,.
The size of the pedestal and the size of auricle are adapted.
The size of the outer cover and the size of pedestal are adapted.
The length of the cylinder is less than 1cm.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
The present invention injects ear print mixing material in cavity of concha and duct, the cavity of concha duct model and ear that are formed after plastotype The size of first chamber and duct is adapted, and can be repaired cavity of concha and duct deformity simultaneously, also can individually be repaired cavity of concha deformity Or duct deformity.In addition, the present invention takes personalized shaping, the cavity of concha duct model of customized suitable Different Individual should Cavity of concha duct model is puted forth effort uniformly, comfortable wearing, greatly reduces the incidence of the complication such as ulcer, while can mould Perfect cavity of concha and duct.Simple and practical, economical and efficient of the invention.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of cavity of concha duct model;
Wherein:1, the duct region after plastotype;2, concha auriculae cavity region;3, the groove after ear print mixing material is filled up;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of pedestal;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of outer cover;
Fig. 4 is preprosthetic picture in embodiment 1;
Fig. 5 is the picture after being repaired in embodiment 1;
Fig. 6 is preprosthetic picture in embodiment 2;
Fig. 7 is the picture after being repaired in embodiment 2;
Fig. 8 is preprosthetic picture in embodiment 3;
Fig. 9 is the picture after being repaired in embodiment 3;
Figure 10 is the picture in cavity of concha duct model merging cavity of concha and duct of the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is described further with reference to embodiments.
Embodiment 1
Cavity of concha and the duct deformity of auris dextra, shaping methods include the following steps:
(1) ear print A materials and ear print B material are pressed 1:1 ratio is uniformly mixed, and is formed ear and is printed mixing material;
(2) ear print mixing material is injected in the cavity of concha and duct of patient, is taken out after ear prints mixing material plastotype, shape At cavity of concha duct model presoma;The cavity of concha duct model presoma includes concha auriculae cavity region and two, duct region portion Point;
(3) groove is formed in concha auriculae cavity region, duct region is in irregular shape, is injected into the groove of concha auriculae cavity region Ear prints mixing material, and groove is filled up to form plane;Mixing material is printed using ear, duct region is shaped as cylinder, plastotype Cavity of concha duct model is formed afterwards, and structure is as shown in Figure 1;
(4) pedestal is first placed in patient's auricle periphery, then cavity of concha duct model is placed in patient's cavity of concha and duct, As shown in Figure 10.Then outer cover and pedestal are closed, outer cover is fixed with medical proof fabric;Structure such as Fig. 2, Fig. 3 institute of pedestal, outer cover Show, pedestal plays a supportive role, and outer cover provides pressure lasting, from the external world for cavity of concha duct model, to reach correction Effect.
As a result:The present embodiment is 4 days simultaneously newborns of the auris dextra with cavity of concha and duct deformity that are born, and uses the present invention's Shaping methods are repaired, weekly further consultation 1 time, further consultation after repairing 1 week, and the symptom of cavity of concha and duct deformity is obviously improved, after After continuous reparation 2 weeks, the symptom of cavity of concha and duct deformity disappears, and restores to normal ear form, and without complication such as ulcer Appearance.It is as shown in Figure 4, Figure 5 with the picture after repairing before repairing.
Embodiment 2
The cavity of concha deformity of auris dextra, shaping methods include the following steps:
(1) ear print A materials and ear print B material are pressed 1:1 ratio is uniformly mixed, and is formed ear and is printed mixing material;
(2) it by ear print mixing material injection cavity of concha, is taken out after ear prints mixing material plastotype, forms cavity of concha model Presoma;
(3) groove is formed in cavity of concha model presoma, and ear is injected into groove and prints mixing material, groove is filled up to be formed Plane forms cavity of concha model after plastotype;
(4) pedestal is first placed in patient's auricle periphery, then cavity of concha model is placed in patient's cavity of concha and duct, then Outer cover and pedestal are closed, outer cover is fixed with medical proof fabric.
As a result:The present embodiment is 5 months simultaneously newborns of the auris dextra with cavity of concha deformity that are born, and uses the shaping of the present invention Method is repaired, weekly further consultation 1 time, and further consultation after repairing 1 week, the symptom of cavity of concha deformity is obviously improved, and continues to repair 3 weeks Afterwards, the symptom of cavity of concha deformity disappears, and restores to normal ear form, and without the appearance of the complication such as ulcer.Repair before with Picture after reparation is as shown in Figure 6, Figure 7.
Embodiment 3
The duct deformity of auris dextra, shaping methods include the following steps:
(1) ear print A materials and ear print B material are pressed 1:1 ratio is uniformly mixed, and is formed ear and is printed mixing material;
(2) it by ear print mixing material injection cavity of concha and duct, is taken out after ear prints mixing material plastotype, forms concha auriculae Chamber duct model presoma;The cavity of concha duct model presoma includes concha auriculae cavity region and two, duct region part;
(3) groove is not formed in concha auriculae cavity region, duct region is in irregular shape, mixing material is printed using ear, by ear Road region is shaped as cylinder, and cavity of concha duct model is formed after plastotype;
(4) pedestal is first placed in patient's auricle periphery, then cavity of concha duct model is placed in cavity of concha and duct, then Outer cover and pedestal are closed, outer cover is fixed with medical proof fabric.
As a result:The present embodiment is 7 days simultaneously newborns of the auris dextra with duct deformity that are born, and uses the shaping methods of the present invention It is repaired, weekly further consultation 1 time, further consultation after repairing 1 week, the symptom of duct deformity is obviously improved, and is continued after repairing 2 weeks, duct The symptom of deformity disappears, and restores to normal ear form, and without the appearance of the complication such as ulcer.Figure before repairing and after repairing Piece is as shown in Figure 8, Figure 9.
In the present invention:
Usage time:2-4 weeks.
Curative effect is repaired to judge:
Feel quite pleased:Deformity is repaired completely and strong ear form is highly consistent;
It is satisfied:Deformity is repaired, and normal morphology is basically reached;
Slightly improve:Deformity obtains part reparation, but fails to restore to normal morphology;
In vain:Lopsided repairing effect unobvious, or even without improvement.
Repair result:
Pass through 65 ear of clinical observation case, 34 ear of male, 31 ear of women;Max age 5 months, minimal ages 2 days;Concha auriculae Chamber and duct 39 ear of deformity person, 21 ear of cavity of concha deformity person, 5 ear of duct deformity person;Feel quite pleased 58 ears, is satisfied with 7 ears, it is total effective Rate 100%.

Claims (10)

1. the shaping methods of a kind of cavity of concha and duct deformity, it is characterised in that include the following steps:
(1) it by ear print mixing material injection cavity of concha and duct, is taken out after ear prints mixing material plastotype, forms cavity of concha ear Road model presoma;The cavity of concha duct model presoma includes concha auriculae cavity region and two, duct region part;
(2) groove is formed in concha auriculae cavity region, duct region is in irregular shape, and ear print is injected into the groove of concha auriculae cavity region Mixing material fills up groove to form plane;Mixing material is printed using ear, duct region is shaped as cylinder, shape after plastotype At cavity of concha duct model;
(3) cavity of concha duct model is placed in cavity of concha and duct, is fixed with pedestal, outer cover.
2. the shaping methods of cavity of concha according to claim 1 and duct deformity, it is characterised in that:The ear prints mixing material Material is uniformly mixed with ear print B material by ear print A materials and is made, and it is 1 that middle ear, which print A materials with ear print B material mass ratio,:1.
3. the shaping methods of cavity of concha according to claim 1 and duct deformity, it is characterised in that:The size of the pedestal It is adapted with the size of auricle;The size of the outer cover and the size of pedestal are adapted;The length of the cylinder is less than 1cm.
4. a kind of shaping methods of cavity of concha deformity, it is characterised in that include the following steps:
(1) it by ear print mixing material injection cavity of concha, is taken out after ear prints mixing material plastotype, forms cavity of concha model forerunner Body;
(2) form groove in cavity of concha model presoma, ear injected into groove and prints mixing material, groove is filled up to be formed it is flat Face forms cavity of concha model after plastotype;
(3) cavity of concha model is placed in cavity of concha, is fixed with pedestal, outer cover.
5. the shaping methods of cavity of concha deformity according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The ear prints mixing material by ear Print A materials are uniformly mixed with ear print B material and are made, and it is 1 that middle ear, which print A materials with ear print B material mass ratio,:1.
6. the shaping methods of cavity of concha deformity according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The size and auricle of the pedestal Size be adapted;The size of the outer cover and the size of pedestal are adapted.
7. the shaping methods of cavity of concha deformity according to claim 4, it is characterised in that include the following steps:
(1) it by ear print mixing material injection cavity of concha and duct, is taken out after ear prints mixing material plastotype, forms cavity of concha ear Road model presoma;The cavity of concha duct model presoma includes concha auriculae cavity region and two, duct region part;
(2) groove is formed in concha auriculae cavity region, duct region is in regular shape, and it is mixed that ear print is injected into the groove of concha auriculae cavity region Condensation material fills up groove to form plane, and cavity of concha duct model is formed after plastotype;
(3) cavity of concha duct model is placed in cavity of concha and duct, is fixed with pedestal, outer cover.
8. a kind of shaping methods of duct deformity, it is characterised in that include the following steps:
(1) it by ear print mixing material injection cavity of concha and duct, is taken out after ear prints mixing material plastotype, forms cavity of concha ear Road model presoma;The cavity of concha duct model presoma includes concha auriculae cavity region and two, duct region part;
(2) groove is not formed in concha auriculae cavity region, duct region is in irregular shape, mixing material is printed using ear, by duct area Domain is shaped as cylinder, and cavity of concha duct model is formed after plastotype;
(3) cavity of concha duct model is placed in cavity of concha and duct, is fixed with pedestal, outer cover.
9. the shaping methods of duct deformity according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The ear print mixing material is printed by ear A materials are uniformly mixed with ear print B material and are made, and it is 1 that middle ear, which print A materials with ear print B material mass ratio,:1.
10. the shaping methods of duct deformity according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The size and auricle of the pedestal Size be adapted;The size of the outer cover and the size of pedestal are adapted;The length of the cylinder is less than 1cm.
CN201810303720.3A 2018-04-03 2018-04-03 Method for shaping deformity of concha cavity and ear canal Active CN108743031B (en)

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CN1368038A (en) * 2002-02-26 2002-09-11 迟放鲁 Memory alloy auricle
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CN1852689A (en) * 2003-09-18 2006-10-25 迈克尔·米拉维特·索里贝斯 A clamp for correcting the external ear and method of using the clamp
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CN206403896U (en) * 2016-07-21 2017-08-15 张丹方 A kind of individuation auricle prosthesis
CN107260375A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-10-20 傅兰轲 A kind of moulding fixator of auricle
CN107811715A (en) * 2016-09-14 2018-03-20 亚力士电脑机械股份有限公司 Digital teeth antidote assembly
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US3844271A (en) * 1973-01-11 1974-10-29 J Lake Method of installing a hearing aid
CN1213706C (en) * 1999-07-27 2005-08-10 迈克尔·米拉维特·索里贝斯 Device for non-invasively correcting shape of human external ear
CN1368038A (en) * 2002-02-26 2002-09-11 迟放鲁 Memory alloy auricle
CN1852689A (en) * 2003-09-18 2006-10-25 迈克尔·米拉维特·索里贝斯 A clamp for correcting the external ear and method of using the clamp
CN101842064A (en) * 2007-07-23 2010-09-22 亨利·斯蒂芬森·伯德 Correcting misshaped ears
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CN201441497U (en) * 2009-05-14 2010-04-28 苏法仁 Autologous costicartilage pinna frame
CN202477913U (en) * 2012-02-22 2012-10-10 中国医学科学院整形外科医院 Non-operation ear deformity orthotic device
KR20140040578A (en) * 2012-09-26 2014-04-03 조재욱 Cosmetic earplugs
CN203693851U (en) * 2013-06-25 2014-07-09 中国医学科学院整形外科医院 External ear correction rack
CN203677340U (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-07-02 陈绍艺 Plastic ring
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CN206102794U (en) * 2016-07-21 2017-04-19 周粤闽 Child deformity of external ear unscrambler
CN206403896U (en) * 2016-07-21 2017-08-15 张丹方 A kind of individuation auricle prosthesis
CN206239563U (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-06-13 侯海鑫 A kind of fixed auricle brace based on 3D printing auricle model
CN107811715A (en) * 2016-09-14 2018-03-20 亚力士电脑机械股份有限公司 Digital teeth antidote assembly
WO2018053219A1 (en) * 2016-09-16 2018-03-22 The Regents Of The University Of Michigan Ear splint to correct congenital ear deformities
CN106821569A (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-06-13 南方医科大学 Neonate's auricle KAFO and its manufacture method
CN107260375A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-10-20 傅兰轲 A kind of moulding fixator of auricle

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