CN108655221B - A kind of floating type bending machine of multiple roll - Google Patents

A kind of floating type bending machine of multiple roll Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108655221B
CN108655221B CN201810416652.1A CN201810416652A CN108655221B CN 108655221 B CN108655221 B CN 108655221B CN 201810416652 A CN201810416652 A CN 201810416652A CN 108655221 B CN108655221 B CN 108655221B
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pressure head
articulated shaft
motor
roll
dynamic
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CN108655221A (en
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陈浩
孙亚林
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Shanghai Ge Industrial Automation Co., Ltd.
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Shanghai Ge Industrial Automation Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D5/00Bending sheet metal along straight lines, e.g. to form simple curves
    • B21D5/14Bending sheet metal along straight lines, e.g. to form simple curves by passing between rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D5/00Bending sheet metal along straight lines, e.g. to form simple curves
    • B21D5/01Bending sheet metal along straight lines, e.g. to form simple curves between rams and anvils or abutments

Abstract

The invention belongs to technical field of board processing, specifically a kind of floating type bending machine of multiple roll, including body, push module, main pressure head, partial pressure head, adjust unit, dynamic model and cover half, controller is provided on body;Controller is located at the side of body;The top that module is located at body is pushed, pushes module for depressing main pressure head and partial pressure head;Main pressure head is fixedly connected with module is pushed;It is identical as main pressure head structure to divide head, divides head and main pressure head for being bent sheet metal component;It adjusts unit to be located between partial pressure head and pushing module, adjusts unit for adjusting the rising of partial pressure head or moving left and right;Dynamic model is located at the side of underpart, and dynamic model is slidably connected with body, and dynamic model is used for sheet metal component bending;The present invention can guarantee the forming dimension of sheet metal component by way of finely tuning sheet metal component shape, improve the qualification rate of sheet metal component forming.

Description

A kind of floating type bending machine of multiple roll
Technical field
The invention belongs to Sheet Metal Forming Technology field, specifically a kind of floating type bending machine of multiple roll.
Background technique
Panel beating is a kind of comprehensive cold machining process for metal plate, including cuts, rushes/cut/compound, folding, welding, riveting It connects, splice, form, significant feature is exactly Same Part consistency of thickness;Metal plate is with light-weight, intensity is high, conductive (energy Be enough in electromagnetic shielding), it is at low cost, scale of mass production performance is good the features such as, as metal plate is using more and more extensive, sheet metal component Demand it is increasing, the shape of sheet metal component also becomes varied so that production the corresponding equipment of sheet metal component need to grow with each passing hour, The efficiency of sheet metal component production is to be improved;Meanwhile the dimension precision requirement of sheet metal component is also further increased, especially some passes The auto parts and components of key, more demanding to the size of part, there are also some curved form parts, the part size produced is difficult to protect Card;It before auto parts and components are produced in batches, needs to manufacture experimently components, conjunction is processed by continuous commissioning device Whether the components of lattice, therefore, an equipment can be debugged convenient for new product, affect the progress of production.
Therefore, the quality and production efficiency for how improving sheet metal component forming, being one is worth the problem of continuing research.It is existing There is the technical solution for also occurring some panel beatings in technology, such as application No. is a Chinese patents of CN201720264568 A kind of numerical control bender is disclosed, including " numerical control bender main body, the numerical control bender main body include motor, and convex mold is recessed Mold, bracket, fixed device, the motor are connect with convex mold, and the underface of convex mold, the branch is arranged in the negative mold Equipped with for clamping the clamping device to bending sheets on frame, transmission device, the transmission dress are equipped with below the clamping device Set including oil cylinder, upper rail, lower guideway and transfer plate, the oil cylinder is connect with transfer plate, the transfer plate and upper rail and under Guide rail connection, the negative mold right side are equipped with fixed device, and the fixed device both ends are equipped with clamping cylinder, the clamping cylinder Inside is equipped with gripping block." technical solution by setting laser sensor, plate can be positioned in real time, pass through clamp dress Fixation can be clamped to plate by setting, and to reduce the human error in subsequent bending operation, can improve production to a certain extent The qualification rate of product can only reduce product error on one side wherein, have certain limitation.
In consideration of it, the floating type bending machine of a kind of multiple roll of the present invention, by finely tuning sheet metal component when sheet metal component shapes The qualification rate of sheet metal component forming can be improved in shape, meanwhile, by the main pressure head of adjust automatically, partial pressure head, the position of dynamic model is adjustable, The forming of various shapes sheet metal component can be achieved.
Summary of the invention
In order to make up for the deficiencies of the prior art, the invention proposes a kind of floating type bending machine of multiple roll, the present invention is mainly used In bending and punching press to sheet metal component.The present invention is mentioned by the main pressure head of fine tuning, partial pressure head and the distance between dynamic model or cover half The qualification rate of high metal plate forming;Meanwhile the present invention by the main pressure head of adjust automatically, partial pressure head, dynamic model or cover half position and The form of forming come change sheet metal component forming global shape, can shape a variety of curved surface sheet metal components, reduce curved surface sheet metal component Manufacture difficulty.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of floating type bending machine of multiple roll, including body, Module, main pressure head, partial pressure head, adjusting unit, dynamic model and cover half, the body is pushed to be fixed on ground, control is provided on body Device processed;The controller is located at the side of body, controller for control push module, main pressure head, partial pressure head, adjust unit and Dynamic model movement, controller control hydraulic cylinder one, three straight reciprocating motion of hydraulic cylinder two and hydraulic cylinder;The pushing module is located at machine The top of body pushes module and is slidably connected with body, pushes module for depressing main pressure head and partial pressure head;The main pressure head is located at It pushes immediately below module, main pressure head is fixedly connected with module is pushed, and main pressure head is for being bent sheet metal component;The partial pressure head is provided with Two, two partial pressure heads separate from the two sides of main pressure head, and partial pressure head is identical as main pressure head structure, and partial pressure head is for being bent sheet metal component; The adjusting unit is located at partial pressure head and pushes between module, adjusts unit upper end and connect with module lower end is pushed, and adjusts unit Lower end is connect with partial pressure head upper end, is adjusted unit and is risen or move left and right for adjusting partial pressure head;The dynamic model is located under body The side in portion, dynamic model are slidably connected with body, are fixed between dynamic model and body by fixing piece, and dynamic model is bent for sheet metal component With;The cover half is located at the other side of underpart, and cover half is slidably connected with body, solid by fixing piece between cover half and body Fixed, cover half is used for sheet metal component beading or pressure arcwall face, and fixing piece is screw, nut or the tool that is fixedly clamped.
The pushing module includes that sliding block one, hydraulic cylinder one and lower laminate, the lower end surface of the body upper are provided with cunning Slot one;The sliding block one is located at sliding slot one, and the lower end surface of one upper end of sliding block and body upper is slidably matched, one lower end of sliding block with The connection of one upper end of hydraulic cylinder;One lower end of hydraulic cylinder is connect with lower laminate upper end, and hydraulic cylinder one is for pushing down on lower laminate It send;It is provided with motor one, sprocket wheel one, sprocket wheel two and chain on the body, the sprocket wheel one is located at body side, and two, sprocket wheel In the body other side, motor one is located on the ipsilateral body of sprocket wheel one, and sprocket wheel two and sprocket wheel one are located in same horizontal line, and chain Wheel two is located at one end of chain, and sprocket wheel one is located at the other end of chain, and motor one is rotated for drive sprocket one;The sliding block one It is connected with chain, chain-driving sliding block one horizontally slips.When work, motor one is rotated with movable sprocket one, and the rotation of sprocket wheel one drives Chain is mobile, and the movement of chain promotes sliding block one to slide on body, meanwhile, lower laminate is driven with controller control hydraulic cylinder one Push downwards back and forth, to realize the movement for moving left and right and pushing for pushing module.
The partial pressure head includes fixing body one, hydraulic cylinder two, roll body one and motor five, and the roll body one is located at fixing body one Lower part, roll body one and fixing body one are rotatablely connected, and roll body two is used for the forming of sheet metal component;The motor five is located at fixing body one Side, motor five are fixedly connected with fixing body one, and motor five is for driving roll body one to rotate;The hydraulic cylinder two is located at fixing body One top, the upper end of hydraulic cylinder two are fixedly connected with unit is adjusted, and the lower end of hydraulic cylinder two is fixed on fixing body one, hydraulic cylinder Two for finely tuning the height of roll body one in the vertical direction.When work, roll body one is finely tuned in the vertical direction with hydraulic cylinder two Highly, so that roll body one is when pushing sheet metal component, the sheet metal component size being forced out is complied with standard, improves the forming essence of sheet metal component Degree, the precision for shaping sheet metal component are maintained at a millimeter grade;It is rotated with controller control motor five, motor five drives one turn of roll body It is dynamic, so that sheet metal component is pressed into required shape when shaping to sheet metal component, through rotatable mode by roll body two;Improve metal plate The diversification of part production.
The adjusting unit include helical axis, motor two, movable block, articulated shaft one, articulated shaft two, spring one, cantilever one, Cantilever two, axle sleeve one and motor three, the lower laminate two sides are provided with axis hole one, and the top of axis hole one is provided with sliding slot two, Mounting groove one there are two being arranged symmetrically in the middle part of lower laminate;The helical axis is located in axis hole one, and helical axis and one phase of axis hole Adaptation;The motor two is located in mounting groove one, and motor two is for driving helical axis positive and negative rotation;It is set in the middle part of the movable block It is equipped with axis hole two, axis hole two runs through movable block, and axis hole two is adapted with helical axis, and movable block is slidably connected with helical axis, mobile The top of block is slidably matched with sliding slot two, and the just anti-driven movable block of helical axis horizontally slips at lower laminate;The articulated shaft one Positioned at movable block lower end, articulated shaft one is linked together with movable block;The articulated shaft two is located at one lower end of articulated shaft, articulated shaft two Upper end and one lower end of articulated shaft it is hinged;The cantilever one is located at the side of movable block, and one end and the movable block of cantilever one are fixed Connection, the other end of cantilever one are provided with spring one;One end of the spring one is fixedly connected with the end of cantilever one, spring one The other end be fixedly connected with articulated shaft two, spring one for articulated shaft two rotation reset;The cantilever two is located at movable block The other side, one end of cantilever two is fixedly connected with movable block, and the other end of cantilever two is provided with motor four and wirerope, motor Four are fixed on two end of cantilever;The one ends wound of the wirerope is in the shaft of motor four, the other end of wirerope and hinged Axis two connects, and the rotation of motor four and tense wire rope, wirerope pull articulated shaft two to turn to horizontal direction;One, the axle sleeve In the hinged place of articulated shaft one and articulated shaft two, axle sleeve one is threadedly coupled with articulated shaft one, and axle sleeve one and two screw thread of articulated shaft connect It connects, axle sleeve one is used to fix articulated shaft one and articulated shaft two, and the outside of axle sleeve one is disposed with a circle tooth;The motor three is located at Movable block lower part, motor three are fixed on movable block, and gear one is provided on motor three;The gear one and the tooth on axle sleeve one It is meshed, the rotation of gear one drives axle sleeve one to move on articulated shaft one and/or articulated shaft two, realizes articulated shaft one and articulated shaft The change of connection relationship between two.When work, controller controls motor two and drives helical axis positive and negative rotation, motor two, spiral There are two axis and partial pressure head are respectively provided with, two motors two independently drive corresponding helical axis positive and negative rotation, change respectively Become corresponding partial pressure head at a distance from main pressure head;When needing using partial pressure head, is rotated by three propeller shaft sleeve one of motor, make axis Set one is moved to the hinged place of articulated shaft one and articulated shaft two from articulated shaft one, and articulated shaft one and articulated shaft two is fixed, hinge Spindle one and articulated shaft two keep linear state;It when not needing partial pressure head, is rotated forward by motor four, shrinks wirerope, Make to produce relative rotation between articulated shaft two and articulated shaft one, articulated shaft two is lifted, so that partial pressure head two follows rising, is avoided It divides head and interferes main pressure head work;When needing using partial pressure head, motor four is rotated backward, steel wire rope looseness, is in elongate The spring one of state will divide head and reset, and make to divide head and articulated shaft two is kept in the vertical direction, meanwhile, axle sleeve one is moved down, Articulated shaft one is fixedly connected with articulated shaft two, convenient for articulated shaft one and two stress of articulated shaft and transmission force.
The dynamic model is provided with multiple, and the distance between dynamic model is adjustable, and dynamic model includes roll body two and hydraulic cylinder three, the liquid Piston rod one is provided on cylinder pressure three, piston rod one is used to support roll body two;The roll body two is rotatablely connected with piston rod one, roller Body two is shaped for sheet metal component;The upper surface of the underpart is provided with sliding rail one, and sliding rail one is mutually fitted with three bottom of hydraulic cylinder Match, hydraulic cylinder three is slidably connected with sliding rail one.When work, slide dynamic model manually, adjust the distance between dynamic model, adjust dynamic model with The distance of main pressure head adjusts dynamic model at a distance from partial pressure head, after good respective distance to be regulated, passes through the multiple spiral shells being arranged on dynamic model The slot one passed through for screw and screw and nut being arranged in nail hole one, body, dynamic model and body are fixed, and bracket groove one At sliding rail one, one length direction of slot is identical as one length direction of sliding rail;Hydraulic cylinder three is for finely tuning between roll body two and body Distance, the precision shaped with improving roll body two to sheet metal component influences;With dynamic model in conjunction with main pressure head, partial pressure head, it can shape Various Curved sheet metal components.
The cover half includes cavity plate and square, and the cavity plate is provided with multiple, and the height of each cavity plate is identical, the mould of cavity plate Mouthful size is not exactly the same, and the lower part of cavity plate is adapted with sliding rail one, and cavity plate is slidably connected with sliding rail one, between cavity plate away from From adjustable;The square is provided with multiple, and the height of each square is identical, and the width of square is not exactly the same, and under square Portion is adapted with sliding rail one, and square is slidably connected with sliding rail one, and between cavity plate, square can be freely combined square with cavity plate. When work, cavity plate is selected on demand, is manually adjusted the distance between cavity plate, and square is put between cavity plate, is passed through sheet metal component The shape of forming, by cavity plate and combinations of blocks, after adjusting cover half, by multiple screw holes two for being arranged on dynamic model, body The slot one passed through for screw and screw and nut being arranged, cover half and body are fixed;With cover half and main pressure head, partial pressure head knot It closes, sheet metal component can be extruded to the shape of muscle or arcwall face.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1. the floating type bending machine of a kind of multiple roll of the present invention, present invention is mainly used for the bendings and punching to sheet metal component Pressure.Main pressure head of the invention cooperates with each other directly stamping to sheet metal component with cover half, and main pressure head matches work with dynamic model Make to the direct bending forming of sheet metal component, main pressure head, partial pressure head and dynamic model, which cooperate with each other, shapes sheet metal component continuous bend, leads to It crosses diversified forms to shape sheet metal component, the sheet metal component of wide variety can be produced, be suitble to a variety of trials production of new products.
2. the floating type bending machine of a kind of multiple roll of the present invention, the present invention by finely tune main pressure head, partial pressure head, cover half it Between distance, can be changed sheet metal component local shape, can be improved sheet metal component forming qualification rate;Meanwhile main pressure head of the invention, point Pressure head is cooperated with each other with adjusting unit, is kept the distance between main pressure head and partial pressure head adjustable, is used main pressure head at the same time When with partial pressure head, main pressure head can be adjusted by adjusting unit and divide the distance between head to change the shape of sheet metal component forming; When not needing to use partial pressure head, partial pressure head can be made to separate with main pressure head by adjusting unit, make main pressure head individually to sheet metal component Forming, is suitble to the bending or punching press of various sheet metal components.
3. the floating type bending machine of a kind of multiple roll of the present invention, the present invention is mutual by main pressure head, partial pressure head and dynamic model Cooperating, distance is adjustable between main pressure head, partial pressure head and dynamic model, more curved surface sheet metal components of flexible different patterns out, and shape Shape adjust automatically without manually adjusting not only can reduce artificial work degree on demand, but also improve sheet metal component forming Efficiency is suitble to trial production of new products.
4. the floating type bending machine of a kind of multiple roll of the present invention, the phase that the present invention passes through main pressure head, partial pressure head and cover half Mutual cooperating can extrude the sheet metal component with multiple muscle or multiple arc surfaces, and the distance between muscle and muscle can be adjusted on demand Whole, the distance between the size of arc surface or arc surface can adjust on demand, so that Complex Panels forming becomes simple, improve The efficiency of sheet metal component forming, reduces the manufacture difficulty of golden part.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the floating type bending machine structural schematic diagram of multiple roll of the invention;
Fig. 2 is chain and two connection schematic diagram of sprocket wheel of the invention;
Fig. 3 is partial pressure head of the invention and adjusts unit connection schematic diagram;
In figure: body 1, sprocket wheel 1, sprocket wheel 2 13, chain 14, pushes module 2, is sliding block 1, hydraulic controller 11 Cylinder 1, main pressure head 3, partial pressure head 4, fixing body 1, hydraulic cylinder 2 42, roll body 1, motor 5 44, is adjusted lower laminate 23 Unit 5, motor 2 52, movable block 53, sliding slot 2 531, articulated shaft 1, articulated shaft 2 55, cantilever 1, hangs helical axis 51 Arm 2 57, motor 4 571, wirerope 572, axle sleeve 1, motor 3 59, dynamic model 6, roll body 2 61, hydraulic cylinder 3 62, cover half 7, Cavity plate 71, square 72, sheet metal component 8.
Specific embodiment
In order to be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, tie below Specific embodiment is closed, the present invention is further explained.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, the floating type bending machine of a kind of multiple roll, including body 1, pushing module 2, main pressure head 3, partial pressure First 4, unit 5, dynamic model 6 and cover half 7, the body 1 is adjusted to be fixed on ground, controller 11 is provided on body 1;The control Device 11 is located at the side of body 1, and controller 11 pushes module 2, main pressure head 3, partial pressure head 4, adjusting unit 5 and dynamic model for controlling 6 movements, controller 11 control hydraulic cylinder 1,3 62 straight reciprocating motion of hydraulic cylinder 2 42 and hydraulic cylinder;The pushing module 2 It positioned at the top of body 1, pushes module 2 and is slidably connected with body 1, push module 2 for depressing main pressure head 3 and partial pressure head 4;Institute It states main pressure head 3 to be located at immediately below pushing module 2, main pressure head 3 is fixedly connected with module 2 is pushed, and main pressure head 3 is for being bent sheet metal component 8;There are two the settings of partial pressure head 4, and two partial pressure heads 4 separate from the two sides of main pressure head 3, divides head 4 and main 3 structure phase of pressure head Together, partial pressure head 4 is for being bent sheet metal component 8;The adjusting unit 5 is located at partial pressure head 4 and pushes between module 2, adjusts on unit 5 End is connect with 2 lower end of module is pushed, and is adjusted 5 lower end of unit and is connect with partial pressure 4 upper end of head, adjusts unit 5 for adjusting partial pressure head 4 Rise or moves left and right;The dynamic model 6 is located at the side of 1 lower part of body, and dynamic model 6 is slidably connected with body 1, dynamic model 6 and body 1 Between fixed by fixing piece, dynamic model 6 for sheet metal component 8 bending use;The cover half 7 is located at the other side of 1 lower part of body, cover half 7 are slidably connected with body 1, are fixed between cover half 7 and body 1 by fixing piece, and cover half 7 is for 8 beading of sheet metal component or pressure arc Face is used, and fixing piece is screw, nut or the tool that is fixedly clamped.
The pushing module 2 includes sliding block 1, hydraulic cylinder 1 and lower laminate 23, the lower end surface on 1 top of body It is provided with sliding slot one;The sliding block 1 is located at sliding slot one, and one 21 upper end of sliding block and the lower end surface sliding on 1 top of body are matched It closes, one 21 lower end of sliding block is connect with one 22 upper end of hydraulic cylinder;One 22 lower end of hydraulic cylinder is connect with lower 23 upper end of laminate, hydraulic Cylinder 1 is used for the lower push downwards of laminate 23;Motor one, sprocket wheel 1, sprocket wheel 2 13 and chain are provided on the body 1 14, the sprocket wheel 1 is located at 1 side of body, and sprocket wheel 2 13 is located at 1 other side of body, and it is ipsilateral that motor one is located at sprocket wheel 1 On body 1, sprocket wheel 2 13 and sprocket wheel 1 are located in same horizontal line, and sprocket wheel 2 13 is located at one end of chain 14, sprocket wheel one 12 are located at the other end of chain 14, and motor one is rotated for drive sprocket 1;The sliding block 1 is connected with chain 14, chain 14 band movable sliders 1 horizontally slip.When work, motor one is rotated with movable sprocket 1, and the rotation of sprocket wheel 1 drives chain 14 to move Dynamic, the movement of chain 14 promotes sliding block 1 to slide on body 1, meanwhile, it is controlled under the driving of hydraulic cylinder 1 with controller 11 The push downwards back and forth of laminate 23, to realize the movement for moving left and right and pushing for pushing module 2.
The partial pressure head 4 includes fixing body 1, hydraulic cylinder 2 42, roll body 1 and motor 5 44, the roll body 1 Positioned at one 41 lower part of fixing body, roll body 1 and fixing body 1 are rotatablely connected, and roll body 2 61 is used for the forming of sheet metal component 8;Institute The side that motor 5 44 is located at fixing body 1 is stated, motor 5 44 is fixedly connected with fixing body 1, and motor 5 44 is for driving Roll body 1 rotates;The hydraulic cylinder 2 42 is located at one 41 top of fixing body, and the upper end of hydraulic cylinder 2 42 and adjusting unit 5 are fixed Connection, the lower end of hydraulic cylinder 2 42 are fixed on fixing body 1, and hydraulic cylinder 2 42 is for finely tuning roll body 1 in vertical direction On height.When work, the height of roll body 1 in the vertical direction is finely tuned with hydraulic cylinder 2 42, so that roll body 1 is pushing When sheet metal component 8,8 size of the sheet metal component being forced out is complied with standard, improve the forming accuracy of sheet metal component 8, shapes sheet metal component 8 Precision is maintained at a millimeter grade;It controls motor 5 44 with controller 11 to rotate, motor 5 44 drives roll body 1 to rotate, so that roller Sheet metal component 8 is pressed into required shape by rotatable mode when shaping to sheet metal component 8 by body 2 61;It is raw to improve sheet metal component 8 The diversification of production.
The adjusting unit 5 includes helical axis 51, motor 2 52, movable block 53, articulated shaft 1, articulated shaft 2 55, bullet Spring one, cantilever 1, cantilever 2 57, axle sleeve 1 and motor 3 59, lower 23 two sides of laminate are provided with axis hole one, axis hole One top is provided with sliding slot 2 531, and the middle part of lower laminate 23 is arranged symmetrically that there are two mounting grooves one;The helical axis 51 is located at In axis hole one, and helical axis 51 is adapted with axis hole one;The motor 2 52 is located in mounting groove one, and motor 2 52 is for driving 51 positive and negative rotation of helical axis;The middle part of the movable block 53 is provided with axis hole two, and axis hole two runs through movable block 53, axis hole two and spiral shell Spin axis 51 is adapted, and movable block 53 is slidably connected with helical axis 51, and top and the sliding slot 2 531 of movable block 53 are slidably matched, spiral shell The just anti-driven movable block 53 of spin axis 51 horizontally slips at lower laminate 23;The articulated shaft 1 is located at 53 lower end of movable block, hinge Spindle 1 is linked together with movable block 53;The articulated shaft 2 55 is located at one 54 lower end of articulated shaft, the upper end of articulated shaft 2 55 It is hinged with one 54 lower end of articulated shaft;The cantilever 1 is located at the side of movable block 53, one end of cantilever 1 and movable block 53 It is fixedly connected, the other end of cantilever 1 is provided with spring one;The fixed company in one end of the spring one and the end of cantilever 1 It connects, the other end of spring one is fixedly connected with articulated shaft 2 55, and rotation of the spring one for articulated shaft 2 55 resets;The cantilever 2 57 are located at the other side of movable block 53, and one end of cantilever 2 57 is fixedly connected with movable block 53, and the other end of cantilever 2 57 is set It is equipped with motor 4 571 and wirerope 572, motor 4 571 is fixed on 2 57 end of cantilever;The one ends wound of the wirerope 572 In the shaft of motor 4 571, the other end of wirerope 572 is connect with articulated shaft 2 55, the rotation of motor 4 571 and taut wire Rope 572, wirerope 572 pull articulated shaft 2 55 to turn to horizontal direction;The axle sleeve 1 is located at articulated shaft 1 and hinged The hinged place of axis 2 55, axle sleeve 1 are threadedly coupled with articulated shaft 1, and axle sleeve 1 is threadedly coupled with articulated shaft 2 55, axle sleeve One 58 for fixed by articulated shaft 1 and articulated shaft 2 55, and the outside of axle sleeve 1 is disposed with a circle tooth;The motor 3 59 Positioned at 53 lower part of movable block, motor 3 59 is fixed on movable block 53, and gear one is provided on motor 3 59;The gear one with Tooth on axle sleeve 1 is meshed, and the rotation of gear one drives axle sleeve 1 to move on articulated shaft 1 and/or articulated shaft 2 55, Realize the change of the connection relationship between articulated shaft 1 and articulated shaft 2 55.When work, controller 11 controls 2 52 band of motor Dynamic 51 positive and negative rotation of helical axis, there are two motor 2 52, helical axis 51 and partial pressure head 4 are respectively provided with, two motors 2 52 are only respectively Vertical corresponding 51 positive and negative rotation of helical axis of driving, changes corresponding partial pressure head 4 at a distance from main pressure head 3 respectively;It is needing When using partial pressure head 4, is rotated by 3 59 propeller shaft sleeve 1 of motor, be moved to axle sleeve 1 from articulated shaft 1 hingedly The hinged place of axis 1 and articulated shaft 2 55, articulated shaft 1 and articulated shaft 2 55 is fixed, articulated shaft 1 and articulated shaft two 55 keep linear state;It when not needing partial pressure head 4, is rotated forward by motor 4 571, shrinks wirerope 572, make articulated shaft It produces relative rotation between 2 55 and articulated shaft 1, articulated shaft 2 55 is lifted, so that partial pressure head 4 two follows rising, is avoided Partial pressure head 4 interferes main pressure head 3 to work;When needing using partial pressure head 4, motor 4 571 is rotated backward, the relaxation of wirerope 572, place It is resetted in the spring one of elongation state by head 4 is divided, makes to divide head 4 and articulated shaft 2 55 is kept in the vertical direction, meanwhile, make Axle sleeve 1 moves down, and articulated shaft 1 is fixedly connected with articulated shaft 2 55, convenient for articulated shaft 1 and 2 55 stress of articulated shaft And transmission force.
The dynamic model 6 is provided with multiple, and the distance between dynamic model 6 is adjustable, and dynamic model 6 includes roll body 2 61 and hydraulic cylinder three 62, piston rod one is provided on the hydraulic cylinder 3 62, and piston rod one is used to support roll body 2 61;The roll body 2 61 and piston Bar one is rotatablely connected, and roll body 2 61 is shaped for sheet metal component 8;The upper surface of 1 lower part of body is provided with sliding rail one, sliding rail one It is adapted with 3 62 bottom of hydraulic cylinder, hydraulic cylinder 3 62 is slidably connected with sliding rail one.When work, dynamic model 6 is slided manually, is adjusted dynamic The distance between mould 6 adjusts dynamic model 6 at a distance from main pressure head 3, adjusts dynamic model 6 at a distance from partial pressure head 4, to be regulated good corresponding After distance, by the slot one passed through for screw and screw that are arranged on multiple screw holes one for being arranged on dynamic model 6, body 1 and Nut, dynamic model 6 and body 1 is fixed, and bracket groove one is located at sliding rail one, one length direction of slot and one length direction phase of sliding rail Together;Hydraulic cylinder 3 62 is for finely tuning the distance between roll body 2 61 and body 1, to improve 2 61 pairs of formings of sheet metal components 8 of roll body Precision influences;It is combined with dynamic model 6 with main pressure head 3, partial pressure head 4, can shape various Curved sheet metal components 8.
The cover half 7 includes cavity plate 71 and square 72, and the cavity plate 71 is provided with multiple, the height phase of each cavity plate 71 Together, the die orifice size of cavity plate 71 is not exactly the same, and the lower part of cavity plate 71 is adapted with sliding rail one, and cavity plate 71 and sliding rail one slide Connection, the distance between cavity plate 71 is adjustable;The square 72 is provided with multiple, and the height of each square 72 is identical, square 72 Width is not exactly the same, and the lower part of square 72 is adapted with sliding rail one, and square 72 is slidably connected with sliding rail one, and square 72 is located at Between cavity plate 71, square 72 can be freely combined with cavity plate 71.When work, on demand select cavity plate 71, manually adjust cavity plate 71 it Between distance, and square 72 is put between cavity plate 71, the shape shaped by sheet metal component 8, combines cavity plate 71 with square 72, After adjusting cover half 7, by the slot one passed through for screw that is arranged on multiple screw holes two for being arranged on dynamic model 6, body 1 and Screw and nut, cover half 7 and body 1 is fixed;It is combined with cover half 7 with main pressure head 3, partial pressure head 4, sheet metal component 8 can be extruded muscle Or the shape of arcwall face.
Specifically used process is as follows:
It is rotated in use, controlling motor one with controller 11 with movable sprocket 1, the rotation of sprocket wheel 1 is driving chain 14 just Reverse turn, the positive and negative rotation of chain 14 promote sliding block 1 to horizontally slip on body 1, make lower laminate 23 drive main pressure head 3 with Partial pressure head 4 is moved to the top of dynamic model 6, and the rotation of helical axis 51 driven by motor 2 52 come adjust partial pressure head 4 and main pressure head 3 it Between horizontal distance, do not need partial pressure head 4 when, can by motor 4 571 pull wirerope 572 drive partial pressure head 4 rise, make Partial pressure head 4 is separated with main pressure head 3;When needing with cover half 7, only dynamic model 6 need to be replaced with cover half 7;Choose dynamic model 6 or fixed Mould 7 when choosing dynamic model 6, slides dynamic model 6 manually, adjusts the distance between dynamic model 6, adjusts dynamic model 6 at a distance from main pressure head 3, adjusts Dynamic model 6 is saved at a distance from partial pressure head 4, after good respective distance to be regulated, passes through multiple screw holes one, the body 1 being arranged on dynamic model 6 The slot one passed through for screw and screw, nut of upper setting, dynamic model 6 and body 1 is fixed, roll body is finely tuned with hydraulic cylinder 3 62 The distance between 2 61 and body 1 are influenced with improving roll body 2 61 to the precision that sheet metal component 8 shapes;When choosing cover half 7, by metal plate Shape that golden part 8 shapes selects cavity plate 71, manually adjusts the distance between cavity plate 71, and by square 72 be put into cavity plate 71 it Between, the shape shaped by sheet metal component 8 combines cavity plate 71 with square 72, after adjusting cover half 7, passes through what is be arranged on dynamic model 6 The slot one passed through for screw and screw, nut being arranged on multiple screw holes two, body 1, cover half 7 and body 1 is fixed;It adjusts After whole active mould 6 or cover half 7, with controller 11 control motor 2 52 drive 51 positive and negative rotation of helical axis, two 2 52 points of motor It is independent to drive corresponding 51 positive and negative rotation of helical axis, change respectively corresponding partial pressure head 4 and main pressure head 3 away from From;When needing using partial pressure head 4, is rotated by 3 59 propeller shaft sleeve 1 of motor, make axle sleeve 1 from articulated shaft 1 It is moved to the hinged place of articulated shaft 1 Yu articulated shaft 2 55, articulated shaft 1 and articulated shaft 2 55 is fixed, make articulated shaft one 54 keep linear state with articulated shaft 2 55;It when not needing partial pressure head 4, is rotated forward by motor 4 571, shrinks wirerope 572, make to produce relative rotation between articulated shaft 2 55 and articulated shaft 1, articulated shaft 2 55 is lifted, so that on partial pressure head 4 two It rises, avoids partial pressure head 4 and main pressure head 3 is interfered to work, when needing using partial pressure head 4, motor 4 571 is rotated backward, wirerope 572 relaxations, the spring one being stretched are resetted head 4 is divided, and make to divide head 4 and articulated shaft 2 55 is kept in the vertical direction;Together When, axle sleeve 1 is moved down, articulated shaft 1 is fixedly connected with articulated shaft 2 55, makes articulated shaft 1 and articulated shaft 2 55 just In stress and transmission force;After sheet metal component 8 is put on dynamic model 6, pushing module 2 is controlled with controller 11 and pushes main 3 He of pressure head Head 4 is divided, main pressure head 3, partial pressure head 4 and dynamic model 6 are mutually matched by 8 bending and forming of sheet metal component, in the process, by hydraulic Cylinder 2 42 finely tunes the height in the vertical direction of roll body 1 so that roll body 1 when pushing sheet metal component 8, make sheet metal component 8 at Shape size complies with standard, and the precision of the forming of sheet metal component 8 can be improved;It controls motor 5 44 with controller 11 to rotate, motor 5 44 drives Dynamic roll body 1 rotates, so that sheet metal component 8 is pressed into required shape in a rotating manner when shaping to sheet metal component 8 by roll body 2 61 Shape;After 8 bending and forming of sheet metal component, hydraulic cylinder 1 is controlled with controller 11, main pressure head 3 and partial pressure head 4 is driven to rise, taken out Sheet metal component 8 after forming.
The basic principles, main features and advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry should Understand, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe originals of the invention Reason, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these changes and improvements It all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention is by appended claims and its equivalent circle It is fixed.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of floating type bending machine of multiple roll, it is characterised in that: including body (1), push module (2), main pressure head (3), partial pressure Head (4), adjusting unit (5), dynamic model (6) and cover half (7), the body (1) are fixed on ground, and body is provided with control on (1) Device (11);The controller (11) is located at the side of body (1), and controller (11) pushes module (2), main pressure head for controlling (3), head (4) are divided, adjust unit (5) and dynamic model (6) movement;The top for pushing module (2) and being located at body (1), pushes Module (2) is slidably connected with body (1), pushes module (2) for depressing main pressure head (3) and partial pressure head (4);The main pressure head (3) it is located at and pushes immediately below module (2), main pressure head (3) is fixedly connected with module (2) are pushed, and main pressure head (3) is for being bent metal plate Part (8);There are two partial pressure head (4) settings, and two partial pressures head (4) separate from the two sides of main pressure head (3), partial pressure head (4) and master Pressure head (3) structure is identical, and partial pressure head (4) is for being bent sheet metal component (8);The adjusting unit (5) is located at partial pressure head (4) and pushes It between module (2), adjusts unit (5) upper end and is connect with module (2) lower end is pushed, adjust on unit (5) lower end and partial pressure head (4) End connection adjusts unit (5) and rises or move left and right for adjusting partial pressure head (4);The dynamic model (6) is located at body (1) lower part, Dynamic model (6) is slidably connected with body (1), is fixed between dynamic model (6) and body (1) by fixing piece, and dynamic model (6) is used for sheet metal component (8) bending is used;The cover half (7) is located at body (1) lower part, and cover half (7) is slidably connected with body (1), cover half (7) and body (1) it is fixed between by fixing piece, cover half (7) is used for sheet metal component (8) beading or pressure arcwall face;
The pushing module (2) includes sliding block one (21), hydraulic cylinder one (22) and lower laminate (23), body (1) top Lower end surface is provided with sliding slot one;The sliding block one (21) is located at sliding slot one, under sliding block one (21) upper end and body (1) top End face is slidably matched, and sliding block one (21) lower end is connect with hydraulic cylinder one (22) upper end;Hydraulic cylinder one (22) lower end and pushing The connection of body (23) upper end, hydraulic cylinder one (22) are used to downwards push lower laminate (23);Motor is provided on the body (1) One, sprocket wheel one (12), sprocket wheel two (13) and chain (14), the sprocket wheel one (12) are located at body (1) side, sprocket wheel two (13) position In body (1) other side, motor one is located on the ipsilateral body of sprocket wheel one (12) (1), sprocket wheel two (13) and sprocket wheel one (12) position In in same horizontal line, and sprocket wheel two (13) is located at one end of chain (14), and sprocket wheel one (12) is located at the other end of chain (14), Motor one is rotated for drive sprocket one (12);The sliding block one (21) and chain (14) are connected, chain (14) band movable slider one (21) it horizontally slips;
The adjusting unit (5) includes helical axis (51), motor two (52), movable block (53), articulated shaft one (54), articulated shaft two (55), cantilever one (56), cantilever two (57), axle sleeve one (58) and motor three (59), lower laminate (23) two sides are provided with Axis hole one, the top of axis hole one are provided with sliding slot two (531), are arranged symmetrically in the middle part of lower laminate (23) there are two mounting groove one; The helical axis (51) is located in axis hole one, and helical axis (51) is adapted with axis hole one;The motor two (52) is located at installation In slot one, motor two (52) is for driving helical axis (51) positive and negative rotation;It is provided with axis hole two in the middle part of the movable block (53), Axis hole two runs through movable block (53), and axis hole two is adapted with helical axis (51), and movable block (53) is slidably connected with helical axis (51), The top of movable block (53) is slidably matched with sliding slot two (531), and the just anti-driven movable block (53) of helical axis (51) is in lower laminate (23) it horizontally slips at;The articulated shaft one (54) is located at movable block (53) lower end, and articulated shaft one (54) and movable block (53) are even It is integrated;The articulated shaft two (55) is located at articulated shaft one (54) lower end, the upper end of articulated shaft two (55) and articulated shaft one (54) Lower end is hinged;The cantilever one (56) is located at the side of movable block (53), and one end and movable block (53) of cantilever one (56) are fixed Connection, the other end of cantilever one (56) are provided with spring one;The fixed company in one end of the spring one and the end of cantilever one (56) It connects, the other end of spring one is fixedly connected with articulated shaft two (55), and rotation of the spring one for articulated shaft two (55) resets;It is described Cantilever two (57) is located at the other side of movable block (53), and one end of cantilever two (57) is fixedly connected with movable block (53), cantilever two (57) the other end is provided with motor four (571) and wirerope (572), and motor four (571) is fixed on cantilever two (57) end;Institute The one ends wound of wirerope (572) is stated in the shaft of motor four (571), the other end and articulated shaft two of wirerope (572) (55) it connects, motor four (571) rotation and tense wire rope (572), wirerope (572) pull articulated shaft two (55) to turn to water Square to;The axle sleeve one (58) is located at the hinged place of articulated shaft one (54) and articulated shaft two (55), axle sleeve one (58) and hinged Axis one (54) is threadedly coupled, and axle sleeve one (58) is threadedly coupled with articulated shaft two (55), and axle sleeve one (58) is used for articulated shaft one (54) and articulated shaft two (55) is fixed, is disposed with a circle tooth on the outside of axle sleeve one (58);The motor three (59) is located at movable block (53) lower part, motor three (59) are fixed on movable block (53), and gear one is provided on motor three (59);The gear one and axis Tooth on one (58) of set is meshed, and the rotation of gear one drives axle sleeve one (58) in articulated shaft one (54) and/or articulated shaft two (55) The change of the connection relationship between articulated shaft one (54) and articulated shaft two (55) is realized in upper movement.
2. the floating type bending machine of a kind of multiple roll according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the partial pressure head (4) includes peace Dress body one (41), hydraulic cylinder two (42), roll body one (43) and motor five (44), the roll body one (43) are located at fixing body one (41) Lower part, roll body one (43) and fixing body one (41) are rotatablely connected, and roll body one (43) is used for the forming of sheet metal component (8);The motor Five (44) are located at the side of fixing body one (41), and motor five (44) is fixedly connected with fixing body one (41), and motor five (44) is used for Drive roll body one (43) rotation;The hydraulic cylinder two (42) is located at fixing body one (41) top, the upper end of hydraulic cylinder two (42) with It adjusts unit (5) to be fixedly connected, the lower end of hydraulic cylinder two (42) is fixed on fixing body one (41), and hydraulic cylinder two (42) is for micro- Adjust the height of roll body one (43) in the vertical direction.
3. the floating type bending machine of a kind of multiple roll according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the dynamic model (6) is provided with more A, the distance between dynamic model (6) is adjustable, and dynamic model (6) includes roll body two (61) and hydraulic cylinder three (62), the hydraulic cylinder three (62) On be provided with piston rod one, piston rod one is used to support roll body two (61);The roll body two (61) and piston rod one are rotatablely connected, Roll body two (61) is shaped for sheet metal component (8);The upper surface of body (1) lower part is provided with sliding rail one, sliding rail one with it is hydraulic Cylinder three (62) bottom is adapted, and hydraulic cylinder three (62) is slidably connected with sliding rail one.
4. the floating type bending machine of a kind of multiple roll according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cover half (7) includes cavity plate (71) and square (72), the cavity plate (71) is provided with multiple, and the height of each cavity plate (71) is identical, and the die orifice of cavity plate (71) is big It is small not exactly the same, and the lower part of cavity plate (71) is adapted with sliding rail one, cavity plate (71) is slidably connected with sliding rail one, cavity plate (71) The distance between it is adjustable;The square (72) is provided with multiple, and the height of each square (72) is identical, and the width of square (72) is not It is identical, and the lower part of square (72) is adapted with sliding rail one, square (72) is slidably connected with sliding rail one, and square (72) is located at Between cavity plate (71), square (72) can be freely combined with cavity plate (71).
CN201810416652.1A 2018-05-03 2018-05-03 A kind of floating type bending machine of multiple roll Active CN108655221B (en)

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CN110026463B (en) * 2019-05-31 2020-10-23 扬州易达利机械科技有限公司 Water-cooling die-casting die for manufacturing aluminum alloy wheel hub
CN110340186B (en) * 2019-08-14 2020-08-04 上海典森广告有限公司 Steel sheet bender of adjustable type of degree of depth of buckling
CN110479803A (en) * 2019-08-28 2019-11-22 重庆宝高实业有限公司 Apparatus for bending is used in a kind of processing of steel construction
CN110538910B (en) * 2019-09-24 2021-07-27 台州尚瑞特进出口有限公司 Workpiece surface plastic deformation rolling device and method thereof
CN111014362B (en) * 2019-11-26 2021-07-06 桂林天桂弘成通风设备有限公司 Numerical control machining system for metal materials
CN111151600B (en) * 2020-01-14 2021-06-25 大同新成新材料股份有限公司 Bending mechanism convenient for quick operation and used for intelligent carbon sliding plate production and operation method thereof

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CN203900187U (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-10-29 常州市中煤网络科技有限公司 Comprehensive pipe bending machine
CN204052496U (en) * 2014-09-16 2014-12-31 李自摞 A kind of steel pipe bending equipment
CN205887719U (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-01-18 温州市凯宇五金有限公司 Five metals V -arrangement plate height efficiency forming device
CN206139679U (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-05-03 瑞昌市天鑫钢质进户门制造有限公司 Shop front, frame plate material bender
CN207086618U (en) * 2017-05-09 2018-03-13 佛山市南海区高捷铝制品有限公司 A kind of aluminium profiles sheet material high temperature bending press
CN107159750A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-09-15 佛山市正略信息科技有限公司 It is a kind of to be easy to mobile hardware Plate Bending Machine

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