CN108644159A - A kind of energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source system - Google Patents

A kind of energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108644159A
CN108644159A CN201810546606.3A CN201810546606A CN108644159A CN 108644159 A CN108644159 A CN 108644159A CN 201810546606 A CN201810546606 A CN 201810546606A CN 108644159 A CN108644159 A CN 108644159A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
energy
oil
valve
output
check valve
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810546606.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭浩
周小燕
吴百公
汤雁冰
刘刚
田宝强
苏贞
Original Assignee
江苏科技大学
江苏科技大学海洋装备研究院
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Application filed by 江苏科技大学, 江苏科技大学海洋装备研究院 filed Critical 江苏科技大学
Priority to CN201810546606.3A priority Critical patent/CN108644159A/en
Publication of CN108644159A publication Critical patent/CN108644159A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B1/00Installations or systems with accumulators; Supply reservoir or sump assemblies
    • F15B1/02Installations or systems with accumulators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B13/00Details of servomotor systems ; Valves for servomotor systems
    • F15B13/02Fluid distribution or supply devices characterised by their adaptation to the control of servomotors
    • F15B13/021Valves for interconnecting the fluid chambers of an actuator

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source systems, including ocean current to catch energy device, sea water pump, return of stroke valve, water/oil energy converter, accumulation of energy group, complementary energy valve, overflow valve, check valve and fuel reserve tank.Ocean current is caught energy device and is connect with sea water pump, and sea water pump is connect by return of stroke valve with water/oil energy converter;Water/oil energy converter includes driving chamber, intermediate cavity and output cavity, driving chamber, intermediate cavity and sea water pump, the low/medium pressure hydraulic pressure system of return of stroke valve composition;The output cavity of water/oil energy converter is connected by check valve with output oil port, there is overflow valve to avoid hypertonia simultaneously, output cavity, fuel reserve tank, check valve and overflow valve then constitute high pressure oil hydraulic system, and water/oil energy converter with function of increasing pressure realizes the connection of low/medium pressure hydraulic pressure system and high pressure oil hydraulic system.The advantage of the invention is that:The present invention is based on the collection energy deep-sea hydraulic sources of energy by ocean current, to realize the simple and reliable energy supply of deep-sea hydraulic system.

Description

A kind of energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source system

Technical field

The present invention relates to energy transition device, more particularly to a kind of energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source system.

Background technology

The high power density that hydraulic system has becomes deep-sea underwater operation equipment and controls first choice.Deep-sea hydraulic source As the power core of deep-sea underwater operation equipment, traditional approach is to generate hydraulic energy using motor drive hydraulic pump.Electricity There are two types of modes for motivation energy resource supply:1)Lash ship is powered by umbilical cables, but has long line electric energy transmission problem;2)Battery supplies Can, and energy supply is limited, application limitation is big.

Ocean energy itself contains huge, and wherein energy by ocean current is that seawater flows contained kinetic energy, ocean current water and flow velocity It is throughout the year constant, thus energy by ocean current is reliable and stable clear energy sources.The present invention proposes the liquid using the driving of energy by ocean current alternative electric energy The simple and reliable energy supply of deep-sea hydraulic system may be implemented as the novel deep-sea hydraulic system energy in potential source.

Invention content

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source systems, the collection energy based on energy by ocean current Deep-sea hydraulic source, to realize the simple and reliable energy supply of deep-sea hydraulic system.

In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical scheme is that:A kind of energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source system, innovation Point is:Including ocean current catch can device, sea water pump, water/oil energy converter, return of stroke valve, overflow valve, check valve A, check valve B and Fuel reserve tank;

The ocean current catch can the output shaft of device connect with sea water pump, the output end of the sea water pump by return of stroke valve and water/ Oily energy converter is connected, and the input terminal of sea water pump is then connected with filtered seawater;The water/oil energy converter include driving chamber, in Between chamber and output cavity, and the sea water pump, return of stroke valve and driving chamber, intermediate cavity in water/oil energy converter constitute low/medium pressure Hydraulic pressure system;

The output cavity of the water/oil energy converter is connected to by check valve A with fuel reserve tank, and check valve A flow directions are from oil storage Case flows to the output cavity of water/oil energy converter;The output cavity of the water/oil energy converter is also connected by check valve B with output oil port, The flow direction of check valve B is to flow to output oil port from output cavity, and the oil circuit between check valve B and output oil port is logical equipped with overflow valve Toward fuel reserve tank, and the output cavity of the water/oil energy converter, fuel reserve tank, check valve A, check valve B and overflow valve constitute high pressure oil pressure System;

The low/medium pressure hydraulic pressure system and high pressure oil hydraulic system are connected by the water with function of increasing pressure/oil energy converter.

Further, the energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source system further includes accumulation of energy group, complementary energy valve and check valve C, the storage It can organize through check valve C connection output oil ports, for check valve C flow directions to flow to accumulation of energy group from output oil port, the accumulation of energy group is also logical Complementary energy valve is crossed with output oil port to be connected.

The advantage of the invention is that:

(1)Energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source system of the present invention, energy by ocean current drive energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source, are directly driven by energy by ocean current Dynamic, compared with traditional electrical energy drive mode, which can grow without considering the long line conveying of deep-sea electric energy and submersible machine sealing Phase energizes;Using hydraulic pressure and oil pressure separate mode, catches energy device driving sea water pump and generate medium/low pressure seawater, booster generates high pressure Oil solves sealing problem of the conventional high-tension hydraulic pump in deep-sea;

(2)Energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source system of the present invention, under deep-sea hydraulic source not output pressure operating mode, accumulation of energy group can store Hydraulic energy, improves energy capture and utilization ratio, and energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source system of the present invention is a kind of simple and reliable novel Deep-sea hydraulic system power source.

Description of the drawings

The present invention will be further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source system of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source system of the present invention.

Specific implementation mode

The following examples can make professional and technical personnel that the present invention be more fully understood, but therefore not send out this It is bright to be limited among the embodiment described range.

Embodiment

The present embodiment energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source system is changed as shown in Figure 1, catching energy device 1, sea water pump 2, stroke including ocean current To device 3, water/oil energy converter 4, accumulation of energy group 5, complementary energy valve 6, overflow valve 7, fuel reserve tank 8, check valve 9, check valve 10 and check valve 11。

The output shaft that ocean current catches energy device 1 is connect with sea water pump 2, and water/oil energy converter 4 includes driving chamber, intermediate cavity and output The input terminal of chamber, sea water pump 2 is connected to filtered seawater, and the output end of sea water pump 2 passes through return of stroke valve 3 and water/oil transducing Device 4 connects;Driving chamber, intermediate cavity in sea water pump 2, return of stroke valve 3 and water/oil energy converter 4 constitute low/medium pressure hydraulic pressure system System, as shown in Figure 2.

The output cavity of water/oil energy converter 4 is connected to by check valve 9 with fuel reserve tank 8, and the flow direction of check valve 9 is from fuel reserve tank 8 Flow to the output cavity of water/oil energy converter 4;The output cavity of water/oil energy converter 4 is connected by check valve 10 with output oil port, unidirectionally The flow direction of valve 10 is to flow to output oil port, and the oil circuit between check valve 10 and output oil port from the output cavity of water/oil energy converter 4 Lead to fuel reserve tank 8 equipped with overflow valve 7;Output cavity, fuel reserve tank 8, check valve 9, check valve 10, the check valve 11 of water/oil energy converter 4 High pressure oil hydraulic system is constituted with overflow valve 7, as shown in Figure 2.

Low/medium pressure hydraulic pressure system and high pressure oil hydraulic system are connected by the water with function of increasing pressure/oil energy converter 4, are such as schemed Shown in 2.

Accumulation of energy group 5 is made of one or more accumulators, they are connected by check valve 11 with output oil port, check valve 11 Flow direction is that output oil port flows to accumulation of energy group 5;Accumulation of energy group 5 is also connected to output oil port by complementary energy valve 6.

The present embodiment sea water pump 2 can be gear, blade or piston structure, and being caught by ocean current can the rotation driving of 1 output shaft of device. Filtered seawater, under the driving of sea water pump 2, by the control of return of stroke device 3, transport to water/4 driving chamber of oil energy converter or in Between chamber;To be Seawater, output cavity is then hydraulic pressure oil medium for water/4 driving chamber of oil energy converter and intermediate cavity;Utilize water/oil 4 piston rod of energy converter, two end cross-sectional area is different, can obtain the hydraulic oil higher than driving cavity pressure, pressure size ratio in output cavity Value is the ratio of side face of piston ring product.The switching of return of stroke device 3 is controlled by water/4 piston stroke of oil energy converter, is changed in water/oil When energy device 4 exports high pressure oil, the medium/low pressure seawater that sea water pump 2 exports leads to driving chamber, and right of the driving piston rod into figure is transported Dynamic, output cavity exports high pressure liquid pressure oil;When piston rod runs to stroke right end bottom, return of stroke device 3 switches, sea water pump 2 It exports seawater and leads to intermediate cavity, water/left of 4 piston rod of oil energy converter into figure move, and output cavity is by check valve 9 from oil storage 8 repairing of case;When water/4 piston rod of oil energy converter is returned to initial position, return of stroke device 3 switches, and sea water pump 2 exports seawater Towards driving chamber, water/oil energy converter 4 exports high pressure oil again.When the oil pressure of output cavity is excessive, output cavity section hydraulic oil Fuel reserve tank can be returned to by the overflow valve 7 of pressure adjustable, avoid generating high pressure, protection hydraulic system safety.

Accumulation of energy group 5 is made of one or more accumulators, and complementary energy valve 6 is controlled by the output pressure of hydraulic power source, and controls pressure Power is adjustable.When hydraulic power source output pressure is more than setting pressure, complementary energy valve 6 is closed, and hydraulic oil is unidirectional by being connected with accumulation of energy group 5 Valve 11 is the 5 oil-filled accumulation of energy of accumulation of energy group;When hydraulic system system pressure is less than setting pressure, complementary energy valve 6 is opened, 5 hydraulic pressure of accumulation of energy group Oil provides oil pressure by complementary energy valve 6, for hydraulic system.

The basic principles and main features and advantages of the present invention of the present invention have been shown and described above.The skill of the industry Art personnel it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, the above embodiments and description only describe The principle of the present invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these Changes and improvements all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and Its equivalent thereof.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source system, it is characterised in that:Including ocean current catch can device, sea water pump, water/oil energy converter, Return of stroke valve, overflow valve, check valve A, check valve B and fuel reserve tank;
The ocean current catch can the output shaft of device connect with sea water pump, the output end of the sea water pump by return of stroke valve and water/ Oily energy converter is connected, and the input terminal of sea water pump is then connected with filtered seawater;The water/oil energy converter include driving chamber, in Between chamber and output cavity, and the sea water pump, return of stroke valve and driving chamber, intermediate cavity in water/oil energy converter constitute low/medium pressure Hydraulic pressure system;
The output cavity of the water/oil energy converter is connected to by check valve A with fuel reserve tank, and check valve A flow directions are from oil storage Case flows to the output cavity of water/oil energy converter;The output cavity of the water/oil energy converter is also connected by check valve B with output oil port, The flow direction of check valve B is to flow to output oil port from output cavity, and the oil circuit between check valve B and output oil port is logical equipped with overflow valve Toward fuel reserve tank, and the output cavity of the water/oil energy converter, fuel reserve tank, check valve A, check valve B and overflow valve constitute high pressure oil pressure System;
The low/medium pressure hydraulic pressure system and high pressure oil hydraulic system are connected by the water with function of increasing pressure/oil energy converter.
2. energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source System further includes accumulation of energy group, complementary energy valve and check valve C, and the accumulation of energy group passes through check valve C connection output oil ports, check valve C streams To flow to accumulation of energy group from output oil port, the accumulation of energy group is also connected by complementary energy valve with output oil port.
CN201810546606.3A 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 A kind of energy-collecting type deep-sea hydraulic source system CN108644159A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109281877A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-01-29 燕山大学 A kind of high pressure accumulator and its control method

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS62218665A (en) * 1986-03-19 1987-09-26 Riken Kiki Seizo Kk Extra-high pressure water generator
CN101865071A (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-10-20 浙江大学 Wave energy hydraulic transmission system for generating system
CN103075294A (en) * 2012-12-14 2013-05-01 浙江大学 Off-grid ocean current energy power generation device and control method thereof
CN104121142A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-10-29 江苏大学 Horizontal propeller driving type wave energy power generation system
CN205779449U (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-12-07 中国海洋大学 Combined oscillating floater wave energy generating set and TT&C system thereof
WO2016200306A1 (en) * 2015-06-08 2016-12-15 W4P Waves4Power Ab Wave energy converter with a differential cylinder
CN205977918U (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-02-22 华侨大学 Conventional overflow valve overflow loss recovery and system of recycling based on hydraulic accumulator
CN206129740U (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-04-26 曾婷 Gas cylinder fatigue test hydraulic means
CN206170334U (en) * 2016-11-02 2017-05-17 威海市华塔建筑机械有限公司 Concrete mixer truck automatic discharge control system

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS62218665A (en) * 1986-03-19 1987-09-26 Riken Kiki Seizo Kk Extra-high pressure water generator
CN101865071A (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-10-20 浙江大学 Wave energy hydraulic transmission system for generating system
CN103075294A (en) * 2012-12-14 2013-05-01 浙江大学 Off-grid ocean current energy power generation device and control method thereof
CN104121142A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-10-29 江苏大学 Horizontal propeller driving type wave energy power generation system
WO2016200306A1 (en) * 2015-06-08 2016-12-15 W4P Waves4Power Ab Wave energy converter with a differential cylinder
CN205779449U (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-12-07 中国海洋大学 Combined oscillating floater wave energy generating set and TT&C system thereof
CN205977918U (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-02-22 华侨大学 Conventional overflow valve overflow loss recovery and system of recycling based on hydraulic accumulator
CN206129740U (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-04-26 曾婷 Gas cylinder fatigue test hydraulic means
CN206170334U (en) * 2016-11-02 2017-05-17 威海市华塔建筑机械有限公司 Concrete mixer truck automatic discharge control system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109281877A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-01-29 燕山大学 A kind of high pressure accumulator and its control method

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