CN108546631A - A kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial - Google Patents

A kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108546631A
CN108546631A CN201810322796.0A CN201810322796A CN108546631A CN 108546631 A CN108546631 A CN 108546631A CN 201810322796 A CN201810322796 A CN 201810322796A CN 108546631 A CN108546631 A CN 108546631A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
babinet
hole
periphery
shaft
bevel gear
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Withdrawn
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CN201810322796.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄琼俭
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Chongqing Industry Polytechnic College
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Chongqing Industry Polytechnic College
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Priority to CN201810322796.0A priority Critical patent/CN108546631A/en
Publication of CN108546631A publication Critical patent/CN108546631A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M23/00Constructional details, e.g. recesses, hinges
    • C12M23/02Form or structure of the vessel
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M27/00Means for mixing, agitating or circulating fluids in the vessel
    • C12M27/02Stirrer or mobile mixing elements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M27/00Means for mixing, agitating or circulating fluids in the vessel
    • C12M27/02Stirrer or mobile mixing elements
    • C12M27/06Stirrer or mobile mixing elements with horizontal or inclined stirrer shaft or axis
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M29/00Means for introduction, extraction or recirculation of materials, e.g. pumps
    • C12M29/04Filters; Permeable or porous membranes or plates, e.g. dialysis
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M29/00Means for introduction, extraction or recirculation of materials, e.g. pumps
    • C12M29/06Nozzles; Sprayers; Spargers; Diffusers
    • C12M29/08Air lift
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M37/00Means for sterilizing, maintaining sterile conditions or avoiding chemical or biological contamination
    • C12M37/04Seals

Abstract

A kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial, including babinet, the upper opening of babinet, sieve plate was equipped in babinet, the periphery for crossing sieve plate is fixedly connected with the inner wall lower of babinet, the top surface for crossing sieve plate opens up several filter openings, the bottom surface of filter opening is communicated with box house respectively, filter opening was uniformly distributed on sieve plate, the inner wall bottom surface quadrangle of babinet is respectively fixedly connected with the bottom surface of sleeve, the inner wall bottom surface of sleeve is respectively fixedly connected with the lower end of the first spring, the upper end of first spring is respectively fixedly connected with the lower end of supporting rod, the periphery of supporting rod is engaged with the inner wall of corresponding sleeve respectively.The present invention realizes stirring, aeration and the choke preventing function for crossing sieve plate of biomaterial by a set of power plant simultaneously, simplifies structure, can reduce the manufacturing cost of the present apparatus;And remove power plant outside babinet, the working environment of power plant is more preferable, is conducive to extend the service life of motor, and personnel easy to operation repair maintenance to the present apparatus.

Description

A kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of biological materials field, specifically a kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial.
Background technology
Since the later stage nineties, world's biomaterial Science and Technology rapidly develops, even if low in current global economy Under the overall situation of fan, biomaterial still remains annual 13% rapid growth, has fully demonstrated its powerful vitality and wide Development prospect.With the rapid development of biomaterial, the processing of waste biomass material is increasingly brought into schedule.But current biology The decomposition apparatus structure of material is excessively complicated, is unfavorable for the maintenance of device, and fermentation period is long, degradation efficiency is low.
Invention content
The present invention provides a kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial, to solve defect in the prior art.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical programs:
A kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial, including babinet, the upper opening of babinet were equipped with sieve plate in babinet, crossed sieve plate Periphery is fixedly connected with the inner wall lower of babinet, and the top surface for crossing sieve plate opens up several filter openings, the bottom surface of filter opening respectively with box house Communicate, filter opening was uniformly distributed on sieve plate, and the inner wall bottom surface quadrangle of babinet is respectively fixedly connected with the bottom surface of sleeve, sleeve it is interior Wall bottom surface is respectively fixedly connected with the lower end of the first spring, and the upper end of the first spring is respectively fixedly connected with the lower end of supporting rod, support The periphery of bar is engaged with the inner wall of corresponding sleeve respectively, and supporting rod can glide along corresponding sleeve simultaneously respectively It is dynamic, it crosses and is equipped with connecting plate below sieve plate, the bottom surface quadrangle of connecting plate is fixedly connected with the upper end of corresponding supporting rod simultaneously respectively, even The top surface of fishplate bar is fixedly connected with the lower end of several inserted links, and inserted link is corresponded with filter opening, and inserted link can be inserted into simultaneously respectively In corresponding filter opening, the two bottom sides of babinet open up first through hole respectively, install main shaft in two first through hole jointly, main shaft from It is passed through in two first through hole, first through hole connects the periphery of main shaft by deep groove ball bearing respectively, and the both ends of main shaft are respectively positioned on Outside babinet, wherein one end of main shaft is fixedly connected with the output shaft of power plant, and the first cam is fixedly mounted in the middle part of the periphery of main shaft, The periphery of first cam and the bottom surface of connecting plate are engaged, and the second cam, the second cam is fixedly mounted in the both sides of main shaft respectively It is respectively positioned on outside babinet, the both sides of babinet are respectively equipped with piston bush, and the inner wall bottom surface of piston bush is respectively fixedly connected with second spring Lower end, the upper end of second spring are respectively fixedly connected with the bottom surface of piston, the periphery of piston respectively with the inner wall of corresponding piston bush It is engaged, and piston can be slided up and down along corresponding piston bush respectively, the top surface of piston bush opens up the second through-hole, piston Top surface is fixedly connected with the lower end of montant, and montant is passed through out of corresponding second through-hole respectively, and the upper end of montant is fixedly mounted respectively The periphery of idler wheel, idler wheel is engaged with the periphery of corresponding second cam simultaneously respectively, and a side bottom of piston bush, which is fixed, to be connected Tap into one end of tracheae, another side bottom of piston bush is fixedly connected with one end of escape pipe, air inlet pipe and an air outlet pipe respectively with work It is communicated inside plug sleeve, check valve is respectively equipped in air inlet pipe and an air outlet pipe, the both sides of babinet are respectively fixedly connected with corresponding outlet The other end of pipe, escape pipe are communicated with box house, and the first bevel gear, the both sides of babinet are fixedly mounted in the both ends of main shaft respectively It is respectively fixedly connected with one end of cross bar, the other end of cross bar is respectively fixedly connected with the periphery of bearing, one is passed through in each bearing Transmission shaft, the periphery of transmission shaft are respectively fixedly connected with the inner ring of corresponding bearing, and the upper and lower ends of each transmission shaft are fixed respectively Second bevel gear is installed, the first bevel gear can be engaged with corresponding second bevel gear simultaneously respectively, and box body, box are equipped in babinet Body was located at the surface of sieve plate, and the both sides of box body open up third through-hole respectively, and third through-hole inner wall passes through deep-groove ball axis respectively The periphery of connection output shaft is held, the inner end of output shaft is located in box body and third bevel gear, the both sides of box body are fixedly mounted Top opens up fourth hole respectively, and fourth hole is respectively with the centerline collineation of corresponding third through-hole, and output shaft is respectively from right It passes through, and is each connected by deep groove ball bearing between output shaft and corresponding third through-hole, output shaft in the third through-hole answered Outer end be fixedly mounted the 4th bevel gear respectively, the 4th bevel gear can be engaged with corresponding second bevel gear simultaneously respectively, defeated The periphery of shaft is respectively fixedly connected with one end of several stirring rods, and stirring rod is respectively positioned in babinet, and the bottom surface of box body opens up the 5th Through-hole, fifth hole connect the periphery of shaft by deep groove ball bearing, and the 5th bevel gear, the 5th umbrella is fixedly mounted in the upper end of shaft Gear can be engaged with two third bevel gears simultaneously respectively, and the periphery of shaft is fixedly connected with the one of several same stirring rods End;The bottom surface of babinet is fixedly connected with one end of drain pipe, and drain pipe is communicated with box house.
The top surface of a kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial as described above, the box body is arcuate structure.
The top surface of a kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial as described above, the connecting plate is arcuate structure.
A kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial as described above, the both sides of the babinet are fixed by fixing device respectively Two protective shells are installed, the two adjacent surfaces of each protective shell open up axis hole respectively, axis hole respectively with phase inside corresponding protective shell Logical, transmission shaft and output shaft can be passed through out of corresponding axis hole simultaneously respectively.
A kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial as described above, the output shaft respectively with corresponding third through-hole, the It is equipped with sealing device between four through-holes, sealing device is equipped between shaft and fifth hole.
It is an advantage of the invention that:The present invention drives main axis, shaft that can drive simultaneously first convex by power plant Wheel, the second cam and the first bevel-gear rotating, the first cam are contacted with connecting plate always, as shown, so that connecting plate It moves up and down, inserted link is moved up and down along filter opening can ensure that filter opening is not blocked by biomaterial, to keep percolate smooth Slave filter opening in flow down, eventually by drain pipe discharge babinet outside, second spring elastic force effect under, the second cam can begin Whole to be contacted with corresponding idler wheel, so as to drive montant to pump, when the piston is moving up, air passes through air inlet Pipe enters in piston bush, and when the piston is moving down, the air in piston bush is discharged by escape pipe in babinet, the life in babinet Object material obtains enough oxygen, and to be conducive to the degradation of biomaterial, the first bevel gear is engaged with the second bevel gear, and second Bevel gear is engaged with the 4th bevel gear, and by the transmission of transmission shaft, output shaft can be driven to rotate, due to third bevel gear with 5th bevel gear engages, and so as to drive output shaft and shaft to rotate simultaneously, the stirring rod on output shaft and shaft can be right Biomaterial is stirred.The present invention realizes stirring, aeration and the mistake sieve plate of biomaterial by a set of power plant simultaneously Choke preventing function, simplify structure, the manufacturing cost of the present apparatus can be reduced;And power plant is removed outside babinet, power plant Working environment it is more preferable, be conducive to extend the service life of motor, and personnel easy to operation repair maintenance to the present apparatus;This Device on output shaft and shaft by the way of being arranged stirring rod simultaneously, and the center line of output shaft and shaft is mutually perpendicular to, energy It is enough to stir the biomaterial positioned at babinet top and the biomaterial positioned at the bottom of box into line replacement, while shaft and thereon Stirring rod the biomaterial of babinet middle and lower part can be stirred so that the biomaterial in babinet uniformly mixing stir It mixes, mixing effect is more preferable;By the mutual cooperation between sleeve, the first spring and supporting rod, the periphery of supporting rod and sleeve Inner wall is engaged, and connecting plate can be made smoothly to pump, and can ensure that each inserted link is inserted into corresponding filter opening Interior, avoiding biomaterial from blocking filter opening influences the dirty efficiency of percolate;Escape pipe supplements fresh air into babinet, in babinet Oxygen it is sufficient, the degradation efficiency of biomaterial can be improved, improve the resolution ratio of biomaterial;Cabinet wall of the present invention uses Acid resistance designs, and can prolong the service life, and heating device is equipped in babinet, is made in babinet in conjunction by heating device Suitable temperature shortens the degradation time of biomaterial;Biomaterial is separated by solid-liquid separation by crossing sieve plate and filter opening, is detached Percolating liquid be discharged by drain pipe, the part in the percolating liquid of discharge after treatment by pump continuously or discontinuously Ground cycle is sprayed onto on biomaterial, and percolating liquid dissolves the acid of generation and other substances, therefore rich in having in percolating liquid Substance easy to ferment can promote the degradation of biomaterial.
Description of the drawings
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is this hair Some bright embodiments for those of ordinary skill in the art without having to pay creative labor, can be with Obtain other attached drawings according to these attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the present invention;Fig. 2 is the enlarged drawing of the sectional view of the line A-A along Fig. 1;Fig. 3 is the I of Fig. 1 Partial enlarged view;Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing of the B direction views of Fig. 1.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In attached drawing, technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is A part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained without creative efforts, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
A kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial, as shown, including babinet 1, the upper opening of babinet 1 is equipped in babinet 1 Sieve plate 2 is crossed, the periphery for crossing sieve plate 2 is fixedly connected with the inner wall lower of babinet 1, and the top surface for crossing sieve plate 2 opens up several filter openings 3, filter opening 3 Bottom surface communicated respectively with inside babinet 1, filter opening 3 was uniformly distributed on sieve plate 2, and the inner wall bottom surface quadrangle of babinet 1 is solid respectively Determine the bottom surface of branch sleeve 4, the inner wall bottom surface of sleeve 4 is respectively fixedly connected with the lower end of the first spring 5, the upper end of the first spring 5 It is respectively fixedly connected with the lower end of supporting rod 6, the periphery of supporting rod 6 is engaged with the inner wall of corresponding sleeve 4 respectively, and supports Bar 6 can be slided up and down along corresponding sleeve 4 simultaneously respectively, crossed 2 lower section of sieve plate and be equipped with connecting plate 7, the bottom surface quadrangle of connecting plate 7 It is fixedly connected with the upper end of corresponding supporting rod 6 simultaneously respectively, the top surface of connecting plate 7 is fixedly connected with the lower end of several inserted links 8, inserted link 8 correspond with filter opening 3, and inserted link 8 can be inserted into corresponding filter opening 3 simultaneously respectively, and the two bottom sides of babinet 1 are opened respectively If first through hole 9, main shaft 10 is installed jointly in two first through hole 9, main shaft 10 is passed through out of two first through hole 9, and first is logical Hole 9 connects the periphery of main shaft 10 by deep groove ball bearing respectively, and the both ends of main shaft 10 are respectively positioned on outside babinet 1, and main shaft 10 is wherein One end is fixedly connected with the output shaft of power plant, and power plant is motor, and the first cam is fixedly mounted in the middle part of the periphery of main shaft 10 11, the periphery and the bottom surface of connecting plate 7 of the first cam 11 are engaged, and the second cam is fixedly mounted in the both sides of main shaft 10 respectively 12, the second cam 12 is respectively positioned on outside babinet 1, and the both sides of babinet 1 are respectively equipped with piston bush 13, the inner wall bottom surface difference of piston bush 13 Be fixedly connected with the lower end of second spring 14, the upper end of second spring 14 is respectively fixedly connected with the bottom surface of piston 15, piston 15 it is outer Week is engaged with the inner wall of corresponding piston bush 13 respectively, and piston 15 can glide along corresponding piston bush 13 respectively Dynamic, the top surface of piston bush 13 opens up the second through-hole 16, and the top surface of piston 15 is fixedly connected with the lower end of montant 17, montant 17 respectively from Passed through in corresponding second through-hole 16, the upper end of montant 17 is fixedly mounted idler wheel 18 respectively, the periphery of idler wheel 18 respectively simultaneously with The periphery of corresponding second cam 12 is engaged, and a side bottom of piston bush 13 is fixedly connected with one end of air inlet pipe 19, piston Another side bottom of set 13 is fixedly connected with one end of escape pipe 20, air inlet pipe 19 and escape pipe 20 respectively with 13 inside phase of piston bush It is logical, check valve is respectively equipped in air inlet pipe 19 and escape pipe 20, the both sides of babinet 1 are respectively fixedly connected with corresponding escape pipe 20 The other end, respectively tiltedly towards the inner wall bottom surface of babinet 1, biomaterial is not easily accessible in escape pipe 20 other end of escape pipe 20, So that the outlet of escape pipe 20 is more smooth, escape pipe 20 is communicated with inside babinet 1, and the both ends of main shaft 10 are fixed respectively First bevel gear 21 is installed, the both sides of babinet 1 are respectively fixedly connected with one end of cross bar 22, and the other end of cross bar 22 is fixed respectively to be connected The periphery of joint bearing 23, passes through a transmission shaft 24 in each bearing 23, and the periphery of transmission shaft 24 is respectively fixedly connected with corresponding The second bevel gear 25 is fixedly mounted in the upper and lower ends of the inner ring of bearing 23, each transmission shaft 24 respectively, and the first bevel gear 21 can It being engaged simultaneously with corresponding second bevel gear 25 respectively, box body 26 is equipped in babinet 1, box body 26 was located at the surface of sieve plate 2, The both sides of box body 26 open up third through-hole 27 respectively, and 27 inner wall of third through-hole connects output shaft 28 by deep groove ball bearing respectively The inner end of periphery, output shaft 28 is located in box body 26 and is fixedly mounted third bevel gear 29, the two upper lateral parts difference of box body 1 Fourth hole 30 is opened up, fourth hole 30 is respectively with the centerline collineation of corresponding third through-hole 27, and output shaft 28 is respectively from right It passes through in the third through-hole 27 answered, and is each connected by deep groove ball bearing between output shaft 28 and corresponding third through-hole 27, The outer end of output shaft 28 is fixedly mounted the 4th bevel gear 31 respectively, the 4th bevel gear 31 can respectively simultaneously with corresponding second umbrella Gear 25 engages, and the periphery of output shaft 28 is respectively fixedly connected with one end of several stirring rods 32, and stirring rod 32 is respectively positioned on babinet 1 Interior, the bottom surface of box body 26 opens up fifth hole 33, and fifth hole 33 connects the periphery of shaft 34, shaft 34 by deep groove ball bearing Upper end be fixedly mounted the 5th bevel gear 35, the 5th bevel gear 35 can respectively simultaneously be engaged with two third bevel gears 29, turn The periphery of axis 34 is fixedly connected with one end of several same stirring rods 32;The bottom surface of babinet 1 is fixedly connected with one end of drain pipe 36, It is communicated inside drain pipe 36 and babinet 1.The present invention drives main shaft 10 to rotate by power plant, and shaft 10 can drive the simultaneously One cam 11, the second cam 12 and the rotation of the first bevel gear 21, the first cam 11 are contacted with connecting plate 7 always, as shown in figure 4, So that connecting plate 7 moves up and down, inserted link 8 is moved up and down along filter opening 3 can ensure that filter opening 3 is not blocked by biomaterial, from And percolate is enable smoothly to be flowed down out of filter opening 3, it is discharged outside babinet 1 eventually by drain pipe 36, in second spring 14 Under elastic force effect, the second cam 12 can be contacted with corresponding idler wheel 18 always, so as to drive montant 17 up and down reciprocatingly to transport Dynamic, when piston 15 moves upwards, air is entered by air inlet pipe 19 in piston bush 13, when piston 15 moves downward, piston Air in set 13 is discharged by escape pipe 20 in babinet 1, and the biomaterial in babinet 1 obtains enough oxygen, to advantageous In the degradation of biomaterial, the first bevel gear 21 is engaged with the second bevel gear 25, and the second bevel gear 25 is nibbled with the 4th bevel gear 31 It closes, and by the transmission of transmission shaft 24, output shaft 28 can be driven to rotate, since third bevel gear 29 and the 5th bevel gear 35 are nibbled It closes, so as to drive output shaft 28 and shaft 34 to rotate simultaneously, the stirring rod 32 on output shaft 28 and shaft 34 can be to life Object material is stirred.The present invention is realized the stirring of biomaterial, aeration by a set of power plant and crosses sieve plate 2 simultaneously Choke preventing function simplifies structure, can reduce the manufacturing cost of the present apparatus;And remove power plant outside babinet 1, power plant Working environment is more preferable, is conducive to extend the service life of motor, and personnel easy to operation repair maintenance to the present apparatus;This dress It sets by the way of stirring rod 32 is set on output shaft 28 and shaft 34 simultaneously, the center line of output shaft 28 and shaft 34 is mutual Vertically, the biomaterial positioned at the biomaterial on 1 top of babinet and positioned at 1 bottom of babinet can be stirred into line replacement, simultaneously Shaft 34 and stirring rod 32 thereon can be stirred the biomaterial of 1 middle and lower part of babinet, so that the life in babinet 1 Object material uniformly mixes, and mixing effect is more preferable;Pass through the mutual cooperation between sleeve 4, the first spring 5 and supporting rod 6, branch The periphery of strut 6 and the inner wall of sleeve 4 are engaged, and connecting plate 7 can be made smoothly to pump, and can ensure each Inserted link 8 is inserted into corresponding filter opening 3, and avoiding biomaterial from blocking filter opening 3 influences the dirty efficiency of percolate;Escape pipe 20 to Fresh air is supplemented in babinet 1, the oxygen in babinet 1 is sufficient, can improve the degradation efficiency of biomaterial, improves biomaterial Resolution ratio;1 inner wall of babinet of the present invention is designed using acid resistance, can be prolonged the service life, and heating dress is equipped in babinet 1 It sets, makes to be in suitable temperature in babinet 1 by heating device, shorten the degradation time of biomaterial;By crossing 2 He of sieve plate Filter opening 3 is separated by solid-liquid separation biomaterial, and the percolating liquid of separation is discharged by drain pipe 36, in the percolating liquid of discharge A part be sprayed onto on biomaterial by pumping continuously or non-continuously cycle after treatment, percolating liquid is by the acid of generation It is dissolved with other substances, therefore can promote the degradation of biomaterial rich in there is substance easy to ferment in percolating liquid.
Specifically, as shown, the top surface of the box body 26 described in the present embodiment is arcuate structure.The structure can avoid A part of accumulating biologic materials are in 26 top surface of box body, to be conducive to the uniform stirring of biomaterial.
Specifically, as shown, the top surface of the connecting plate 7 described in the present embodiment is arcuate structure.The structure can avoid Percolate accumulates in the top surface of connecting plate 7.
Further, as shown, the both sides of the babinet 1 described in the present embodiment are fixedly mounted two by fixing device respectively A protective shell 37, the two adjacent surfaces of each protective shell 37 open up axis hole 38 respectively, axis hole 38 respectively in corresponding protective shell 37 Portion communicates, and transmission shaft 24 and output shaft 28 can be passed through out of corresponding axis hole 38 simultaneously respectively.The structure can avoid sundries The engagement between the first bevel gear 21 and the second bevel gear 25, third bevel gear 29 and the 4th bevel gear 31 is influenced, can be enhanced The job security of the present apparatus, and can prevent worker from accidentally touching and contingency, the personal safety of worker is caused to be protected.
Further, as shown, output shaft 28 described in the present embodiment respectively with corresponding third through-hole the 27, the 4th It is equipped with sealing device between through-hole 30, sealing device is equipped between shaft 34 and fifth hole 33.The structure can avoid biology Material enters in whipping process in box body 26 or outside exudation babinet 1, sealing technique between the axis and hole of rotation more at Ripe, sealing effect is good, and cost input is low.
Finally it should be noted that:The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although Present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that:It still may be used With technical scheme described in the above embodiments is modified or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features; And these modifications or replacements, various embodiments of the present invention technical solution that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution spirit and Range.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial, it is characterised in that:Including babinet(1), babinet(1)Upper opening, babinet(1) Inside it was equipped with sieve plate(2), cross sieve plate(2)Periphery be fixedly connected with babinet(1)Inner wall lower, cross sieve plate(2)Top surface open up Several filter openings(3), filter opening(3)Bottom surface respectively with babinet(1)Inside communicates, filter opening(3)It was uniformly distributed in sieve plate(2)On, Babinet(1)Inner wall bottom surface quadrangle be respectively fixedly connected with sleeve(4)Bottom surface, sleeve(4)Inner wall bottom surface be respectively fixedly connected with First spring(5)Lower end, the first spring(5)Upper end be respectively fixedly connected with supporting rod(6)Lower end, supporting rod(6)It is outer Week respectively with corresponding sleeve(4)Inner wall be engaged, and supporting rod(6)It can be respectively simultaneously along corresponding sleeve(4)On Lower slider crosses sieve plate(2)Lower section is equipped with connecting plate(7), connecting plate(7)Bottom surface quadrangle respectively simultaneously be fixedly connected with corresponding branch Strut(6)Upper end, connecting plate(7)Top surface be fixedly connected with several inserted links(8)Lower end, inserted link(8)With filter opening(3)One is a pair of It answers, and inserted link(8)Can corresponding filter opening be inserted into simultaneously respectively(3)It is interior, babinet(1)Two bottom sides to open up first respectively logical Hole(9), two first through hole(9)Interior common installation main shaft(10), main shaft(10)From two first through hole(9)It inside passes through, first Through-hole(9)Main shaft is connected by deep groove ball bearing respectively(10)Periphery, main shaft(10)Both ends be respectively positioned on babinet(1)Outside, main Axis(10)Wherein one end be fixedly connected with the output shaft of power plant, main shaft(10)Periphery in the middle part of be fixedly mounted the first cam (11), the first cam(11)Periphery and connecting plate(7)Bottom surface be engaged, main shaft(10)Both sides is fixedly mounted respectively Two cams(12), the second cam(12)It is respectively positioned on babinet(1)Outside, babinet(1)Both sides be respectively equipped with piston bush(13), piston bush (13)Inner wall bottom surface be respectively fixedly connected with second spring(14)Lower end, second spring(14)Upper end be respectively fixedly connected with work Plug(15)Bottom surface, piston(15)Periphery respectively with corresponding piston bush(13)Inner wall be engaged, and piston(15)Energy Enough respectively along corresponding piston bush(13)It slides up and down, piston bush(13)Top surface open up the second through-hole(16), piston(15)'s Top surface is fixedly connected with montant(17)Lower end, montant(17)Respectively from corresponding second through-hole(16)It inside passes through, montant(17)'s Idler wheel is fixedly mounted in upper end respectively(18), idler wheel(18)Periphery respectively simultaneously with corresponding second cam(12)Periphery contact Cooperation, piston bush(13)A side bottom be fixedly connected with air inlet pipe(19)One end, piston bush(13)Another side bottom fix Connect escape pipe(20)One end, air inlet pipe(19)And escape pipe(20)Respectively with piston bush(13)Inside communicates, air inlet pipe (19)And escape pipe(20)On be respectively equipped with check valve, babinet(1)Both sides be respectively fixedly connected with corresponding escape pipe(20)'s The other end, escape pipe(20)And babinet(1)Inside communicates, main shaft(10)Both ends the first bevel gear is fixedly mounted respectively (21), babinet(1)Both sides be respectively fixedly connected with cross bar(22)One end, cross bar(22)The other end be respectively fixedly connected with bearing (23)Periphery, each bearing(23)Inside pass through a transmission shaft(24), transmission shaft(24)Periphery be respectively fixedly connected with correspondence Bearing(23)Inner ring, each transmission shaft(24)Upper and lower ends the second bevel gear is fixedly mounted respectively(25), the first umbrella tooth Wheel(21)Can respectively simultaneously with corresponding second bevel gear(25)Engagement, babinet(1)It is interior to be equipped with box body(26), box body(26)Position In sieve plate excessively(2)Surface, box body(26)Both sides open up third through-hole respectively(27), third through-hole(27)Inner wall leads to respectively Cross deep groove ball bearing connection output shaft(28)Periphery, output shaft(28)Inner end be located at box body(26)Interior and fixed installation Third bevel gear(29), box body(1)Two upper lateral parts open up fourth hole respectively(30), fourth hole(30)Respectively with it is corresponding Third through-hole(27)Centerline collineation, output shaft(28)Respectively from corresponding third through-hole(27)It inside passes through, and each output Axis(28)With corresponding third through-hole(27)Between connected by deep groove ball bearing, output shaft(28)Outer end be fixedly mounted respectively 4th bevel gear(31), the 4th bevel gear(31)Can respectively simultaneously with corresponding second bevel gear(25)Engagement, output shaft (28)Periphery be respectively fixedly connected with several stirring rods(32)One end, stirring rod(32)It is respectively positioned on babinet(1)It is interior, box body(26) Bottom surface open up fifth hole(33), fifth hole(33)Shaft is connected by deep groove ball bearing(34)Periphery, shaft(34) Upper end be fixedly mounted the 5th bevel gear(35), the 5th bevel gear(35)Can respectively simultaneously with two third bevel gears(29)It nibbles It closes, shaft(34)Periphery be fixedly connected with several same stirring rods(32)One end;Babinet(1)Bottom surface be fixedly connected with drain Pipe(36)One end, drain pipe(36)With babinet(1)Inside communicates.
2. a kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The box body(26)Top Face is arcuate structure.
3. a kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The connecting plate(7)'s Top surface is arcuate structure.
4. a kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The babinet(1)Two Two protective shells are fixedly mounted by fixing device respectively in side(37), each protective shell(37)Two adjacent surfaces open up axis hole respectively (38), axis hole(38)Respectively with corresponding protective shell(37)Inside communicates, transmission shaft(24)And output shaft(28)It can be same respectively When from corresponding axis hole(38)Inside pass through.
5. a kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The output shaft(28)Point Other and corresponding third through-hole(27), fourth hole(30)Between be equipped with sealing device, shaft(34)And fifth hole(33)It Between be equipped with sealing device.
CN201810322796.0A 2018-04-11 2018-04-11 A kind of decomposition apparatus of biomaterial Withdrawn CN108546631A (en)

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CN102212462A (en) * 2011-05-13 2011-10-12 沈阳农业大学 Solid phase and liquid phase integrated methane fermenting device
CN102492605A (en) * 2011-11-30 2012-06-13 中海石油环保服务(天津)有限公司 Bioreactor and sophorolipid continuous production method by using the same
CN205856264U (en) * 2016-07-30 2017-01-04 平庆义 A kind of sewage purifying and treating device of municipal wastewater pipe network
CN106362478A (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-02-01 无锡大功机械制造有限公司 Multi-stage continuous sludge settling pond
CN206417942U (en) * 2017-01-19 2017-08-18 四川农业大学 A kind of industrial water treatment equipment
CN107572654A (en) * 2017-09-15 2018-01-12 黄思宜 A kind of self-circulation type high efficient aeration pond
CN107597329A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-01-19 杨鹏 A kind of self-circulation type coffee bean crushes drying integral machine
CN206965721U (en) * 2017-07-19 2018-02-06 济宁学院 Vertical type biomass continuous microwave Degradator
CN207204264U (en) * 2017-08-21 2018-04-10 三峡大学附属仁和医院 A kind of Chinese medicine attrition grinding all-in-one

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101094735A (en) * 2004-11-03 2007-12-26 科特布斯布兰登堡工业大学 Method for decomposing biogenic material
CN102212462A (en) * 2011-05-13 2011-10-12 沈阳农业大学 Solid phase and liquid phase integrated methane fermenting device
CN102492605A (en) * 2011-11-30 2012-06-13 中海石油环保服务(天津)有限公司 Bioreactor and sophorolipid continuous production method by using the same
CN205856264U (en) * 2016-07-30 2017-01-04 平庆义 A kind of sewage purifying and treating device of municipal wastewater pipe network
CN106362478A (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-02-01 无锡大功机械制造有限公司 Multi-stage continuous sludge settling pond
CN206417942U (en) * 2017-01-19 2017-08-18 四川农业大学 A kind of industrial water treatment equipment
CN206965721U (en) * 2017-07-19 2018-02-06 济宁学院 Vertical type biomass continuous microwave Degradator
CN207204264U (en) * 2017-08-21 2018-04-10 三峡大学附属仁和医院 A kind of Chinese medicine attrition grinding all-in-one
CN107572654A (en) * 2017-09-15 2018-01-12 黄思宜 A kind of self-circulation type high efficient aeration pond
CN107597329A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-01-19 杨鹏 A kind of self-circulation type coffee bean crushes drying integral machine

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