CN108512296A - Solar energy exchanges energy storage power device and its control method - Google Patents

Solar energy exchanges energy storage power device and its control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108512296A
CN108512296A CN201810342053.XA CN201810342053A CN108512296A CN 108512296 A CN108512296 A CN 108512296A CN 201810342053 A CN201810342053 A CN 201810342053A CN 108512296 A CN108512296 A CN 108512296A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
unit
inverter
solar
charging
solar energy
Prior art date
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Application number
CN201810342053.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王亮
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Changzhou Oumaisi Amperex Technology Ltd
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Changzhou Oumaisi Amperex Technology Ltd
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Priority to CN201810342053.XA priority Critical patent/CN108512296A/en
Publication of CN108512296A publication Critical patent/CN108512296A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • H02J7/0026
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0029Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety or protection devices or circuits
    • H02J7/0034Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety or protection devices or circuits using reverse polarity correcting or protecting circuits
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0029Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety or protection devices or circuits
    • H02J7/0036Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety or protection devices or circuits using connection detecting circuits
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0042Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries characterised by the mechanical construction
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0029Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety or protection devices or circuits
    • H02J7/00302Overcharge protection
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0029Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety or protection devices or circuits
    • H02J7/00306Overdischarge protection

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Charge And Discharge Circuits For Batteries Or The Like (AREA)
  • Photovoltaic Devices (AREA)

Abstract

Include shell the present invention relates to solar energy exchange energy storage power device and its control method, the device;Shell includes upper shell and lower housing, battery pack is housed in lower housing, control circuit is housed in upper shell, control circuit includes main control unit, power source charges unit, detection unit, inverter, charging control unit, solar charging panel and solar charging electric unit, is connected using detachable structure between upper shell and lower housing;The electric energy of power source charges unit input power and the input signal for detecting power supply;Solar charging electric unit is for solar energy inputing power and the input signal of detection solar energy;Charging control unit receives the signal of main control unit, is connected or blocks the power supply to battery pack;Main control unit exports electric energy to inverter according to detection signal drives battery pack, and load is transmitted to by inverter.The present invention is realized equipped with Battery case and being detachably connected equipped with inverter box body, is conveniently replaceable battery and inverter, is convenient for the maintenance of battery and inverter, highly practical.

Description

Solar energy exchanges energy storage power device and its control method
Technical field
The present invention relates to solar energy storage supply units, more specifically refer to solar energy exchange energy storage power device and its Control method.
Background technology
Energy storage is primarily referred to as the storage of electric energy, currently in order to the environmental protection and saving of the energy, everybody advocates solar energy And the natural energy resources such as wind energy are converted to available electric energy, power for people.
Solar energy is converted to electric energy, and specifically solar energy is radiated on solar panels, carries out energy conversion, then will conversion Energy afterwards charges to battery, and to play the effect of energy storage, battery can then use in a manner of for mobile phone charging or illumination etc.. At present major part solar energy storage device equipped with Battery case be equipped with 7 babinet of inverter connection type be the side of being fixedly connected Formula can only then dismantle entire babinet and be replaced or repaired battery once there is the case where battery life terminates, can not be easily Electric appliance is replaced, similarly, also extremely difficult when damaging, which occurs, in inverter 7 to be needed replacing, maintenance cost is excessively high.
Therefore, it is necessary to design a kind of solar energy exchange energy storage power device, realize equipped with Battery case and inversion is housed Being detachably connected for device babinet, is conveniently replaceable battery and inverter, also allows for the maintenance of battery and inverter, highly practical.
Invention content
It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies of existing technologies, solar energy exchange energy storage power device and its control are provided Method.
To achieve the above object, the present invention uses following technical scheme:Solar energy exchanges energy storage power device, including shell Body;The shell includes upper shell and lower housing, and battery pack is housed in the lower housing, control electricity is housed in the upper shell Road, the control circuit include main control unit, power source charges unit, detection unit, inverter, charging control unit, solar energy Charging panel and solar charging electric unit are connected between the upper shell and lower housing using detachable structure;The power supply fills Electric unit, for when selection power source charges input mode, the electric energy of input power and the input signal for detecting power supply;The sun Energy charging panel, for acquiring solar energy;The solar charging electric unit, for working as selection solar recharging input mode, for too Positive energy inputing power and the input signal for detecting solar energy;The charging control unit, the signal for receiving main control unit, leads Lead to or block the power supply of solar charging electric unit and power source charges unit to battery pack;The detection unit, for detecting inversion Whether device connects load, forms detection signal;The main control unit, for exporting electric energy extremely according to detection signal drives battery pack Inverter is transmitted to load by inverter.
Its further technical solution is:The detachable structure includes the T-type sliding slot and position positioned at upper shell lower face T-type convex block in lower housing upper surface;The T-type convex block is embedded in T-type sliding slot.
Its further technical solution is:The lower face of the upper shell is equipped with suppending hole.
Its further technical solution is:The main control unit includes main control chip U1.
Its further technical solution is:The power source charges unit includes power source charges input module and power input inspection Survey module, wherein the power source charges input module includes the anti-reverse diode D1 being connect with power supply, anti-reverse diode D1 is connect with the power source charges administrative unit;The power input detection unit, the voltage for detecting power input are formed Input signal is input to main control chip U1.
Its further technical solution is:The charging control unit includes managing chip U5, inductance L1, switch element MOS1, anti-reverse diode D5, inductance L2 and resistance R13 receive the control signal of main control chip U1 by managing chip U5, The on or off of control switch element MOS1, to keep the charging of solar charging electric unit or power source charges unit to battery pack Or disconnect the charging of solar charging electric unit or power source charges unit to battery pack.
Its further technical solution is:The inverter includes inversion chip, the model SO4MM of the inversion chip.
Its further technical solution is:The control circuit further includes first switching element, the first switching element point It is not connect with the main control chip U1 and inverter;The conducting of first switching element is controlled by main control chip U1 or is blocked, So that battery pack is to inverter power supply or stops powering.
Its further technical solution is:The output end feet of the main control chip U1 is also associated with 12V output units and 5V Output unit;The 12V output units, for exporting 12V voltage sources;The 5V output units, for exporting 5V voltage electricity Source.
The present invention also provides a kind of control method for having used above-mentioned solar energy to exchange energy storage power device, features It is, the method includes:
When charging the battery, when selection power source charges input mode, the electric energy of input power and the defeated of power supply is detected Enter signal, charging control unit receives the signal of main control unit, power supply of the turn-on power charhing unit to battery pack;
When charging the battery, when selection solar energy input mode, by solar energy inputing power and solar energy is detected Input signal, charging control unit receive the signal of main control unit, power supply of the conducting solar charging electric unit to battery pack;
When discharging battery, whether detection unit detection inverter connects load, if connection load, according to detection Signal drives battery pack to export electric energy to inverter, and load is transmitted to by inverter.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:The solar energy of the present invention exchanges energy storage power device, passes through Upper shell is installed with lower housing using detachable structure respectively, when needing using the device, by the lower housing equipped with battery pack And the upper shell combination equipped with inverter, when need not use the device, by equipped with battery pack lower housing and equipped with inverse The upper shell separation for becoming device, realizes and being detachably connected with equipped with inverter box body equipped with Battery case, be conveniently replaceable battery with Inverter also allows for the maintenance of battery and inverter, highly practical, and in such a way that solar energy and power supply directly fill to battery into Capable charging, improves the working life of battery, in addition, can block the charging of battery in time for over-charging of battery or the phenomenon that putting excessively Or discharge process, it is safe.
The invention will be further described in the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the three-dimensional structure diagram that the solar energy that the specific embodiment of the invention provides exchanges energy storage power device;
Fig. 2 is the three-dimensional structure diagram for the upper shell that the specific embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 3 is the three-dimensional structure diagram for the lower housing that the specific embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram that the solar energy that the specific embodiment of the invention provides exchanges energy storage power device;
Fig. 5 is the circuit diagram for the main control chip U1 that the specific embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 6 is the circuit diagram for the solar charging electric unit that the specific embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 7 is the circuit diagram for the power source charges unit that the specific embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 8 is the circuit diagram for the charging control unit that the specific embodiment of the invention provides;
Fig. 9 is the circuit diagram for the inverter that the specific embodiment of the invention provides;
Figure 10 is the circuit diagram for the 12V output modules that the specific embodiment of the invention provides;
Figure 11 is the circuit diagram for the 12V output control modules that the specific embodiment of the invention provides;
Figure 12 is the circuit diagram for the 5V output control modules that the specific embodiment of the invention provides;
Figure 13 is the circuit diagram for the 5V output modules that the specific embodiment of the invention provides;
Figure 14 is the circuit diagram for the buzzer unit that the specific embodiment of the invention provides;
Figure 15 is the circuit diagram for the LCD backlight unit that the specific embodiment of the invention provides;
Figure 16 is the circuit diagram for the 5V voltage stabilizing output modules that the specific embodiment of the invention provides.
Specific implementation mode
In order to more fully understand the present invention technology contents, with reference to specific embodiment to technical scheme of the present invention into One step introduction and explanation, but not limited to this.
The specific embodiment as shown in Fig. 1~16, solar energy provided in this embodiment exchange energy storage power device, Ke Yiyun With indoors or outdoor, realize equipped with Battery case and being detachably connected equipped with 7 babinet of inverter, be conveniently replaceable battery with Inverter 7 also allows for the maintenance of battery and inverter 7, highly practical, and can carry out solar recharging mode and be carried out to battery Charging, can also directly power source charges mode charge the battery, improve the working life of battery.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 4, solar energy exchange energy storage power device is present embodiments provided comprising shell;Shell packet Upper shell 10 and lower housing 20 are included, battery pack 6 is housed in lower housing 20, control circuit, control circuit are housed in upper shell 10 Including main control unit, power source charges unit, detection unit 17, inverter 7, charging control unit 5, solar charging panel 16 and Solar charging electric unit is connected between upper shell 10 and lower housing 20 using detachable structure;Power source charges unit, for being elected to Select power source charges input mode, the electric energy of input power and the input signal for detecting power supply;Solar charging panel 16, for acquiring Solar energy;Solar charging electric unit, for when selection solar recharging input mode, for solar energy inputing power and detecting the sun The input signal of energy;Charging control unit 5, the signal for receiving main control unit, be connected or block solar charging electric unit and Power supply of the power source charges unit to battery pack 6;Detection unit 17 forms detection for detecting whether inverter 7 connects load 15 Signal;Main control unit is transmitted to negative for exporting electric energy to inverter 7 according to detection signal drives battery pack 6 by inverter 7 Carry 15.
As shown in Figure 2 to Figure 3, it is preferable that above-mentioned detachable structure includes that the T types positioned at 10 lower face of upper shell are slided Slot 101 and T-type convex block 201 positioned at 20 upper surface of lower housing;T-type convex block 201 is embedded in T-type sliding slot 101.Inverter 7 Position positioned at the close lower face of upper shell 10, and battery pack 6 is located in lower housing 20, two pole feet of battery pack 6 are located at The upper end surface of lower housing 20;In this way, upper shell 10 is pushed away from left to right along the upper surface of lower housing 20, by T-type convex block 201 are embedded in T-type sliding slot 101, and the positive and negative anodes of battery pack 6 are connect with inverter 7, at this point, push upper shell 10 can also connect With push lower housing 20;When if desired being dismantled, then it will first be disconnected between the positive and negative anodes of battery pack 6 and inverter 7, Push upper shell 10 so that upper shell 10 is transferred along the direction of lower housing 20 from right to left, so that T-type convex block 201 is detached from T In type sliding slot 101, achieve the effect that separation, also allows for respectively dismantling and safeguarding, it is highly practical.
Above-mentioned shell is aluminum hull, and not only light but also good heat dissipation effect, can improve battery and the heat dissipation effect of whole device, And then working life is improved, in other embodiment, above-mentioned shell is other metal shells such as copper shell.
Above-mentioned 20 lower face of lower housing is equipped with wheel 30, convenient for pushing the device.
From setting solar charging electric unit, power source charges unit, meets the needs of different user, i.e., can power in solar energy In the case of, solar recharging mode or power source charges mode can be selected, in the case where solar energy can not power, such as When cloudy, power source charges mode, practicability can be selected stronger.
In addition, the lower face of upper shell 10 is equipped with suppending hole 102.Inverter 7 is can be used alone, using suppending hole 102 with screw or the matched mode of hook, upper shell 10 is hung on wall, battery pack 6 connects other equipment, realizes double-purpose Effect, energy-efficient purpose can also be reached.
In the present embodiment, above-mentioned main control unit includes main control chip U1.
For the charging process of battery:As shown in fig. 7, power source charges unit includes power source charges input module 3 and electricity Source inputs detection module 4, wherein and power source charges input module 3 includes the anti-reverse diode D1 being connect with power supply, and anti-reverse two Pole pipe D1 is connect with the power source charges administrative unit;Power input detection unit 17, the voltage for detecting power input, It forms input signal and is input to main control chip U1.
Above-mentioned power input detection module 4 includes resistance R3, R2B, R2, R2A, backward dioded ZD1 and switch three Pole pipe Q1A.
Specifically, charging control unit includes managing chip U5, switch element MOS1, anti-reverse diode D5, inductance L2 And resistance R13, it receives the control signal of main control chip U1 by managing chip U5, the conducting of control switch element MOS1 or cuts Only, to keep or disconnect the charging of battery pack 6.
The model S0P16 of above-mentioned managing chip U5.
As shown in figure 14, the output end feet of above-mentioned main control chip U1 is connected with buzzer unit 13, when 6 environment of battery pack When temperature is higher than setting value, main control chip U1 outputs signal to buzzer unit 13, and buzzer unit 13 works, and sends out alarm Signal.
Above-mentioned buzzer unit 13 includes buzzer BZ1, divider resistance R38, divider resistance R41, switching diode Q2 And bypass resistance R20.If the voltage of battery pack 6, not in range, 12 feet of main control chip U1 will produce one high electricity It is flat, by divider resistance R38 and the switching diode Q2, MUVCC of conducting by buzzer BZ1, passing through divider resistance R41 is connected to ground, buzzer warning.Using the alarm of buzzer, the situation excessively high to 6 temperature of battery pack plays and alarm carries The effect shown reduces the excessively high phenomenon of 6 long-time temperature of battery pack and occurs.
In addition, as shown in fig. 6, solar charging electric unit includes solar energy input module 1 and solar energy input detection mould Block 2, wherein solar energy input module 1 includes the anti-reverse diode D9 being connect with solar panels, anti-reverse diode D9 and institute State the connection of power source charges administrative unit;Solar energy inputs detection module 2, for detecting the voltage by solar panels input, shape It is input to main control chip U1 at input signal.
In addition, specifically, as shown in figure 5, above-mentioned solar energy input detection module 2 includes resistance R35A, R34A, opens Close diode Q1, resistance R34 B, backward dioded ZD2, wherein the voltage of solar panels input be (P+WPBKOM and solar energy+ 15VWPBKOM+15V) it is divided into two-way, is to be input to charging control unit 5, another way to electricity by anti-reverse diode D9 all the way R35A is hindered, 20 feet of main control chip U1 are reached using resistance R34 A and switching diode Q1, when voltage is low or high, master control Chip U1 issues instructions to 26 foot SUNV, SUNV and outputs signal to resistance R34 B, controls no signal to charging control unit 5, Main control chip U1 sends out an instruction to the 2nd foot at this time, to control charging control unit 5, charges up to control is reached.If electric Positive pressure is normal, then controls charging control unit 5 and charge, if voltage not in setting range, 12 feet of main control chip U1 A high level is will produce, buzzer warning is caused.Can not charge the case where being but still unaware of when avoiding the occurrence of charging.
Further, in certain embodiments, the output end feet of main control chip U1 be also associated with 12V output units 12 with And 5V output units 11;12V output units 12, for exporting 12V voltage sources;5V output units 11, for exporting 5V voltages Power supply.
As shown in Figure 10 to Figure 11, above-mentioned 12V output units 12 include 12V output modules and 12V output control moulds Block, wherein 12V output control modules include switch element Mos2, switch element Mos3, bypass resistance R31, R32.
In addition, specifically, as shown in Figure 12 to Figure 13, above-mentioned 5V output units 11 include 5V output modules and 5V defeated Go out control module, wherein 5V output control modules include step-down type dc supply convertor chip U4;Above-mentioned 5V output modules Including USB interface CON1, CON2 ,+12V voltages pass through the first foot of step-down type dc supply convertor chip U4, from crus secunda With the 4th foot to main control chip U1,5.0V is exported, to give two USB for the voltage of 5V to USB1 to USB2;When electric current be more than 5V, The when marquis of 3A, electric current cross the 29th foot for flowing to main control chip U1 by the 4th feet of CON1 to resistance R22, to send a finger The 13rd foot 5.0/12VCTR for enabling main control chip U1, to control the output voltage of 12V and 5V, if not in range, 12 feet of main control chip U1 will produce a high level, cause buzzer warning.
In addition, in certain embodiments, as shown in figure 16, above-mentioned 5V output units 11 further include 5V voltage stabilizings output mould Block, the 5V voltage stabilizing output modules include the 12V electricity of backward dioded ZD3, voltage-stablizer U2, backward dioded ZD4 ,+BAT output end Pressure passes through backward dioded ZD3, arrives 1 foot of 5V voltage-stablizers U2, and the 3rd foot to voltage-stablizer U2 exports, to reach stable 5V Voltage, by backward dioded ZD4, arrives 1 foot of 5V voltage-stablizers U2, then arrives 5V voltage stabilizings when solar energy and power supply have voltage The 3rd foot of device U2 exports, to reach stable 5V voltages.
The model HT7550 of above-mentioned voltage-stablizer U2.
12V outputs and 5V is arranged to export, can be that not electric local solution illuminates, sees TV, provides the fan of 12V also Cooling can be provided with people.
Further, as shown in figure 15, in certain embodiments, the output port of above-mentioned main control chip U1 is connected with LCD backlight unit 9, wherein LCD backlight unit 9 includes resistance R40, resistance R37, triode Q1 and LCD display, when having When waking up instruction, 12 feet of main control chip U1 can give an instruction high level to be led by resistance R37 to triode Q1, triode Q1 It is logical, it is grounded by LED1 to R40 to the voltage of 5V.
The output port of above-mentioned main control chip U1 is also associated with LCD driving units 8.The LCD driving units 8 are shown interior Appearance includes cell voltage mark, battery capacity expires case marker will, battery capacity does not have electrosemaphore, counting capacity marking, overload mark, electricity Source charge flag, 15 mark of solar charging electrosemaphore, battery flag and load, when cell voltage is higher than DC 10.7V, LCD There is display, when the load 15 of the fan or TV or LED of plugging DC12V, clicks wake-up switch, fan or TV or LED It starts to work;When user needs 5V power supplys or charges with mobile phone, it is inserted on 5VUSB, so that it may to charge the phone;When battery does not have When having electricity, there are two types of charging modes:Suitable electric charger is plugged, LCD driving units 8 show power source charges mark at this time, electric at this time Source charger charges the battery;Solar panels are plugged, LCD driving units 8 show solar panel charging mark at this time, at this time power supply Charge flag is charging the battery without display, solar panels.
For the discharge process of battery:Above-mentioned inverter 7 includes inversion chip, the model SO4MM of inversion chip.
Preferably, above-mentioned control circuit further includes first switching element 14, first switching element 14 respectively with master control core Piece U1 and inverter 7 connect;The conducting of first switching element 14 is controlled by main control chip U1 or is blocked, so that battery pack 6 To 15 power supply of load or stop powering by inverter 7.
It using the conducting for driving first switching element 14 or blocks, to realize that disconnection or turn-on battery group 6 supply inverter 7 The process of electricity.
In the present embodiment, above-mentioned first switching element 14 is triode Q8, Q9;In other embodiment, above-mentioned One switch element 14 can also be solid-state relay.
When main control chip is waken up, battery is output to inverter 7 by first switching element 14, when there is no load 15, First switching element 14 is can not to form access between the state blocked, then battery and inverter 7 and load 15, then loads 15 nothings Method works;When there is load 15, first switching element 14 is the state of conducting, then shape between battery and inverter 7 and load 15 At access, then 15 work are loaded.
In addition, being equipped with current detection module between battery and inverter 7, the discharge current for detecting battery works as electricity When putting occurred in pond, then main control chip U1 drives first switching element 14 to block, and stops the discharge process of battery.
Certainly, during battery is in charging, when power input detection module 4 and solar energy input detection module 2 detect power supply and solar energy be conveyed to battery electric current it is excessive, the phenomenon that causing over-charging of battery, is then filled by main control chip driving Electric control unit 5 stops the charging to battery, avoids the occurrence of the phenomenon that overcharging.
Using the microcontroller of model MQ6812, above-mentioned LCD driving units 8 are interior to be used above-mentioned main control chip U1 Be model TM1621 LCD driver.
Above-mentioned solar energy exchanges energy storage power device, by dividing upper shell 10 and lower housing 20 using detachable structure It does not install, when needing using the device, the lower housing 20 equipped with battery pack 6 and the upper shell 10 equipped with inverter 7 is combined, When need not use the device, the lower housing 20 equipped with battery pack 6 and the upper shell 10 equipped with inverter 7 are detached, realized Being detachably connected equipped with Battery case and equipped with 7 babinet of inverter, being conveniently replaceable battery and inverter 7, also allow for battery and The maintenance of inverter 7, it is highly practical, and charged the battery in such a way that solar energy and power supply directly fill, improve battery Working life, in addition, the charge or discharge process of battery, safety can be blocked in time for over-charging of battery or the phenomenon that putting excessively It is high.
In addition, the present invention also provides the control method that above-mentioned solar energy exchanges energy storage power device, this method includes:
When charging the battery, when selection power source charges input mode, the electric energy of input power and the defeated of power supply is detected Enter signal, charging control unit 5 receives the signal of main control unit, power supply of the turn-on power charhing unit to battery pack 6;
When charging the battery, when selection solar energy input mode, by solar energy inputing power and solar energy is detected Input signal, charging control unit 5 receive the signal of main control unit, power supply of the conducting solar charging electric unit to battery pack 6;
When discharging battery, detection unit 17 detects whether inverter 7 connects load 15, if connection load 15, Electric energy is exported to inverter 7 according to detection signal drives battery pack 6, and load 15 is transmitted to by inverter 7.
The control method of above-mentioned solar energy exchange energy storage power device, by using upper shell 10 and lower housing 20 Detachable structure is installed respectively, need using the device when, by equipped with battery pack 6 lower housing 20 and equipped with inverter 7 Upper shell 10 combines, when need not use the device, by the lower housing 20 equipped with battery pack 6 and the upper casing equipped with inverter 7 Body 10 detaches, and realizes equipped with Battery case and being detachably connected equipped with 7 babinet of inverter, is conveniently replaceable battery and inverter 7, the maintenance of battery and inverter 7 is also allowed for, it is highly practical, and battery is filled in such a way that solar energy and power supply directly fill Electricity improves the working life of battery, in addition, can block the charging of battery in time for over-charging of battery or the phenomenon that putting excessively or put Electric process, it is safe.
It is above-mentioned only with embodiment come the technology contents that further illustrate the present invention, in order to which reader is easier to understand, but not It represents embodiments of the present invention and is only limitted to this, any technology done according to the present invention extends or recreation, by the present invention's Protection.Protection scope of the present invention is subject to claims.

Claims (10)

1. solar energy exchanges energy storage power device, which is characterized in that including shell;The shell includes upper shell and lower casing Body is equipped with battery pack in the lower housing, and control circuit is housed in the upper shell, the control circuit include main control unit, Power source charges unit, detection unit, inverter, charging control unit, solar charging panel and solar charging electric unit, it is described It is connected using detachable structure between upper shell and lower housing;The power source charges unit, for when selection power source charges input Mode, the electric energy of input power and the input signal for detecting power supply;The solar charging panel, for acquiring solar energy;It is described Solar charging electric unit, for when selection solar recharging input mode, for solar energy inputing power and detecting the defeated of solar energy Enter signal;The charging control unit, the signal for receiving main control unit are connected or block solar charging electric unit and power supply Power supply of the charhing unit to battery pack;The detection unit forms detection signal for detecting whether inverter connects load; The main control unit is transmitted to load for exporting electric energy to inverter according to detection signal drives battery pack by inverter.
2. solar energy according to claim 1 exchanges energy storage power device, which is characterized in that the detachable structure includes T-type sliding slot positioned at upper shell lower face and the T-type convex block positioned at lower housing upper surface;The T-type convex block is embedded in T-type cunning In slot.
3. solar energy according to claim 1 exchanges energy storage power device, which is characterized in that the lower face of the upper shell It is equipped with suppending hole.
4. solar energy according to any one of claims 1 to 3 exchanges energy storage power device, which is characterized in that the master control Unit includes main control chip U1.
5. solar energy according to claim 4 exchanges energy storage power device, which is characterized in that the power source charges unit packet Include power source charges input module and power input detection module, wherein the power source charges input module includes connecting with power supply The anti-reverse diode D1 connect, anti-reverse diode D1 are connect with the power source charges administrative unit;The power input detection Unit, the voltage for detecting power input form input signal and are input to main control chip U1.
6. solar energy according to claim 5 exchanges energy storage power device, which is characterized in that the charging control unit packet Managing chip U5, inductance L1, switch element MOS1, anti-reverse diode D5, inductance L2 and resistance R13 are included, by managing core Piece U5 receives the control signal of main control chip U1, the on or off of control switch element MOS1, to keep solar recharging list Member or power source charges unit fill battery pack the charging of battery pack or disconnection solar charging electric unit or power source charges unit Electricity.
7. solar energy according to claim 6 exchanges energy storage power device, which is characterized in that the inverter includes inversion Chip, the model SO4MM of the inversion chip.
8. solar energy according to claim 7 exchanges energy storage power device, which is characterized in that the control circuit further includes First switching element, the first switching element are connect with the main control chip U1 and inverter respectively;Pass through main control chip The conducting of U1 control first switching elements is blocked, so that battery pack is to inverter power supply or stops powering.
9. solar energy according to claim 4 exchanges energy storage power device, which is characterized in that the main control chip U1's is defeated Go out end feet and is also associated with 12V output units and 5V output units;The 12V output units, for exporting 12V voltage sources; The 5V output units, for exporting 5V voltage sources.
10. a kind of control method having used solar energy exchange energy storage power device described in claim 1, which is characterized in that The method includes:
When charging the battery, when selection power source charges input mode, the electric energy of input power and the input letter for detecting power supply Number, charging control unit receives the signal of main control unit, power supply of the turn-on power charhing unit to battery pack;
When charging the battery, when selection solar energy input mode, by the input of solar energy inputing power and detection solar energy Signal, charging control unit receive the signal of main control unit, power supply of the conducting solar charging electric unit to battery pack;
When discharging battery, whether detection unit detection inverter connects load, if connection load, according to detection signal It drives battery pack to export electric energy to inverter, load is transmitted to by inverter.
CN201810342053.XA 2018-04-17 2018-04-17 Solar energy exchanges energy storage power device and its control method Pending CN108512296A (en)

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