CN108499047B - Tree climbing mechanism - Google Patents

Tree climbing mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108499047B
CN108499047B CN201810342207.5A CN201810342207A CN108499047B CN 108499047 B CN108499047 B CN 108499047B CN 201810342207 A CN201810342207 A CN 201810342207A CN 108499047 B CN108499047 B CN 108499047B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
arc
guide
groove
shaped locking
locking
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Application number
CN201810342207.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108499047A (en
Inventor
周正益
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WENZHOU JUDA INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.
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Wenzhou Juda Information Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201810342207.5A priority Critical patent/CN108499047B/en
Publication of CN108499047A publication Critical patent/CN108499047A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B27/00Apparatus for climbing poles, trees, or the like
    • A63B27/02Climbing devices for round poles or trees attachable to the feet

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of tree climbing mechanisms, and particularly relates to a tree climbing mechanism which comprises a mounting shell, a limiting mounting plate, a baffle, a first arc locking structure, a driving motor and a second arc locking structure, wherein when people use the tree climbing mechanism, the tree climbing mechanism is bound on two legs through two leg binding elastic plates and a rope; in the tree climbing process, the tree is locked by the first arc-shaped locking structure and the second arc-shaped locking structure in the tree climbing mechanism to achieve the tree climbing function. The tree climbing mechanism is further improved according to the principle of a telegraph pole climbing device; the diameter of the tree is adapted by adjusting the first arc-shaped locking structure and the second arc-shaped locking structure; and meanwhile, the elastic rubber skin is arranged on the inner arc surfaces of the first arc-shaped locking structure and the second arc-shaped locking structure, so that the damage to the tree caused by over sharp and hard contact parts with the tree in the tree climbing process can be prevented.

Description

Tree climbing mechanism
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of tree climbing mechanisms, and particularly relates to a tree climbing mechanism.
Background
At present, the construction of the known telegraph pole climber: is composed of a pair of pedal shoes with iron elbows. When climbing a telegraph pole, a person wears the pair of foot shoes, the iron elbows of the foot shoes are sleeved into the telegraph pole in turn, and the person walks up according to the turns. However, when the rod climbing device is used for climbing trees, the effect is not ideal. First, because some trees have much larger diameters than the utility pole, if such pole climbers are used, the diameter of the iron elbows is increased and the cost is increased. Secondly, the diameters of trees are different in size, the diameter of the iron elbow can be changed at any time by using the pole climbing device to meet the requirement of climbing trees, and the pole climbing device is inconvenient, labor-consuming in climbing trees, high in risk and capable of influencing progress.
The invention designs a tree climbing mechanism to solve the problems.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the defects in the prior art, the invention discloses a tree climbing mechanism which is realized by adopting the following technical scheme.
A tree climbing mechanism is characterized in that: it comprises an installation shell, a limiting installation plate, a baffle plate, a clamping block, a first guide groove, a fourth rotating shaft, a first avoidance groove, a second guide groove, a trigger block, a guide post, a first arc locking structure, a driving motor, a return spring, a guide shell, a first gear, a limiting block, a first rotating shaft, a second guide block, a volute spiral spring, a second arc locking structure, a clamping plate, a second gear and a second rotating shaft, the device comprises a third rotating shaft, a third gear, a limiting cylinder, a guide strip, a reset spring, a connecting plate, a third guide block, a compression spring, a guide mounting shell, a touch spring, a third guide groove, a fourth guide groove, a second avoidance groove, a connecting cylinder, a first extension spring, a steel rope, a circular groove, an arc-shaped guide block, a second extension spring, an arc-shaped guide groove, a mounting groove, an arc-shaped rack, a connecting lug and a clamping groove, wherein a guide groove is formed in one side face of the mounting shell; two first avoidance grooves are symmetrically formed in one side, provided with the guide groove, of the mounting shell, and the two first avoidance grooves are respectively positioned on two sides of the guide groove; two second guide grooves are symmetrically formed in the bottom surface of the inner side of the mounting shell; the trigger block is installed on the installation shell through the guide groove, and the two ends of the trigger block are respectively located on the inner side and the outer side of the installation shell.
The front and the back of the mounting structure in the mounting shell are similar and mutually symmetrical, and for the structure positioned on the front side in two groups of mutually symmetrical structures in the mounting shell, the lower side of the driving motor is provided with a second guide block; the driving motor is installed in the installation shell through the matching of the second guide block and one of the two second guide grooves formed in the installation shell and positioned on the front side; the driving motor is matched with the trigger block; the first rotating shaft is arranged on an output shaft of the driving motor; one side of the first gear is provided with bevel teeth; the first gear is arranged on the first rotating shaft; one end of the second rotating shaft is arranged on the end face of the inner bottom side of the mounting shell; one end of the second gear is provided with bevel teeth; the second gear is arranged at the other end of the second rotating shaft; the bevel gear on the second gear is matched with the bevel gear on the first gear; one end of the third rotating shaft is arranged on the end face of the inner bottom side of the mounting shell; a triangular clamping groove is formed in the outer circular surface of the limiting cylinder; the limiting cylinder is arranged at the lower end of the third rotating shaft and is close to the bottom end face of the mounting shell; the third gear is arranged at the upper end of the third rotating shaft; the third gear is meshed with the second gear; the guide mounting shell is mounted on the bottom side end face of the mounting shell; one end of the limiting block is provided with two symmetrical inclined planes; the other end of the limiting block is arranged in the guide mounting shell, and a compression spring is arranged between the limiting block and the rear end face in the guide mounting shell; the end of the limiting block with the inclined plane is matched with the clamping groove on the limiting cylinder.
The outer circular surface of the guide post is provided with a through arc-shaped fourth guide groove; a through second avoidance groove is formed in the bottom side face of one end, close to the outer arc face, of the fourth guide groove; the upper side surface of one end, close to the outer cambered surface, of the fourth guide groove is provided with a third guide groove; the guide post is arranged on the upper side of the third rotating shaft; one end of the fourth rotating shaft is arranged on the upper side of the guide post, and the other end of the fourth rotating shaft is arranged on the end surface of the inner upper side of the mounting shell; a volute spiral spring is arranged between the fourth rotating shaft and the end surface of the inner upper side of the mounting shell; the upper end of one side of the outer arc surface of the second arc locking structure is provided with an arc guide block; the lower end of one side of the outer arc surface of the second arc locking structure is provided with an arc rack; the two connecting lugs are symmetrically arranged at one end of the second arc-shaped locking structure; the second arc-shaped locking structure is arranged on the inner side of the mounting shell, and an arc-shaped guide block arranged on the second arc-shaped locking structure is matched with a fourth guide groove formed in the guide column; an arc rack arranged on the second arc locking structure is matched with a second avoidance groove formed in the guide column; the upper end of one side of the outer arc surface of the first arc locking structure is provided with an arc guide block; the lower end of one side of the outer arc surface of the first arc locking structure is provided with an arc rack; one end of the first arc locking structure is provided with a circular groove; an arc-shaped mounting groove is formed in the inner side of the other end of the first arc-shaped locking structure; the first arc locking structure is provided with an arc guide groove; two ends of the arc-shaped guide groove are respectively communicated with the circular groove and the arc-shaped guide groove; the connecting cylinder is arranged in a circular groove formed in the first arc locking structure; the first arc-shaped locking structure is connected with the first arc-shaped locking structure through the matching of the connecting cylinder and the two connecting lugs on the second arc-shaped locking structure; one end of the clamping plate is provided with a guide strip; the clamping plate is arranged on the second arc-shaped locking structure through the matching of the guide strip and an arc-shaped guide groove formed in the second arc-shaped locking structure; a first extension spring is arranged between the clamping plate and the side surface of the mounting groove; a steel rope is connected between the guide strip and the connecting cylinder; one end of the steel rope is wound on the connecting cylinder; the other end of the steel rope penetrates through a gap between the two connecting lugs and an arc-shaped guide groove formed in the second arc-shaped locking structure to be connected with the guide strip; the touch spring is arranged on the lower side of the arc-shaped rack arranged on the second arc-shaped locking structure and is close to the mounting groove formed on the second arc-shaped locking structure; the touch spring is matched with the limiting block; the connecting plate is arranged on one side of the clamping plate; one end of the third guide block is arranged on the connecting plate; the guide shell is arranged on the inner bottom side surface of the installation shell; the other end of the third guide block is arranged in the guide shell; and a return spring is arranged between one end of the third guide block positioned in the guide shell and one side surface of the guide shell.
To the structure that is located the rear side among two sets of structures of mutual symmetry in the installation shell, the direction shell is installed on the side of the top in the installation shell.
One side of the baffle is provided with two symmetrical first guide grooves; one side of the baffle plate, which is provided with the first guide groove, is arranged on the side surface of the mounting shell, which is not provided with one end of the guide groove; one side of the limiting mounting plate is provided with two symmetrical first guide blocks; two symmetrical clamping blocks are arranged on the other side of the limiting mounting plate; the limiting mounting plate is arranged on the baffle plate through the matching of the two first guide blocks and the two first guide grooves on the baffle plate, and the limiting mounting plate is positioned on the upper side of the mounting shell; a second extension spring is respectively arranged between the two first guide blocks and the two corresponding first guide grooves; two fixture blocks installed on the limiting installation plate are respectively matched with the two first arc locking structures.
The first arc-shaped locking structure and the second arc-shaped locking structure are in running fit; the arc racks arranged on the first arc locking structure and the second arc locking structure are meshed with the corresponding third gears.
As a further improvement of the present technology, in the initial state, the ends of the two limiting blocks having the inclined planes are respectively located in the slots formed on the two limiting cylinders.
As a further improvement of the present technology, the elastic force of the first extension spring is greater than the elastic force of the corresponding return spring.
As a further improvement of the present technology, the return spring is an extension spring; the return spring is a compression spring.
As a further improvement of the technology, two leg wrapping elastic plates are symmetrically arranged on one side surface of the baffle plate, which is provided with the first guide groove.
As a further improvement of the present technology, the winding direction of the steel rope on the front side on the corresponding connecting cylinder enables the connecting cylinder to rotate counterclockwise when the corresponding guide strip pulls the steel rope; the winding direction of the steel rope on the rear side on the corresponding connecting cylinder enables the corresponding guide strip to rotate clockwise when the steel rope is pulled.
As a further improvement of the technology, elastic rubber sheets are arranged on the inner arc surfaces of the first arc-shaped locking structure and the second arc-shaped locking structure.
As a further improvement of the present technology, the above steel cord has elasticity in the winding direction.
The trigger block is arranged on the mounting shell through the guide groove; the front and back of the mounting structure in the mounting shell are similar and mutually symmetrical, and for the structure positioned on the front side in two groups of mutually symmetrical structures in the mounting shell, the driving motor is mounted in the mounting shell through the matching of the second guide block and one of the two second guide grooves formed in the mounting shell and positioned on the front side; the driving motor is matched with the trigger block; the first rotating shaft is arranged on an output shaft of the driving motor; the first gear is arranged on the first rotating shaft; one end of the second rotating shaft is arranged on the end face of the inner bottom side of the mounting shell; the second gear is arranged at the other end of the second rotating shaft; the bevel gear on the second gear is matched with the bevel gear on the first gear; one end of the third rotating shaft is arranged on the end face of the inner bottom side of the mounting shell; the limiting cylinder is arranged at the lower end of the third rotating shaft; the third gear is arranged at the upper end of the third rotating shaft; the third gear is meshed with the second gear; the guide mounting shell is mounted on the bottom side end face of the mounting shell; one end of the limiting block is arranged in the guide mounting shell, and a compression spring is arranged between the limiting block and the rear end face in the guide mounting shell; one end of the limiting block with the inclined plane is matched with the clamping groove on the limiting cylinder; the guide post is arranged on the upper side of the third rotating shaft; one end of the fourth rotating shaft is arranged on the upper side of the guide post, and the other end of the fourth rotating shaft is arranged on the end surface of the inner upper side of the mounting shell; a volute spiral spring is arranged between the fourth rotating shaft and the end surface of the inner upper side of the mounting shell; the second arc-shaped locking structure is arranged on the inner side of the mounting shell, and an arc-shaped guide block arranged on the second arc-shaped locking structure is matched with a fourth guide groove formed in the guide column; an arc rack arranged on the second arc locking structure is matched with a second avoidance groove formed in the guide column; the connecting cylinder is arranged in a circular groove formed in the first arc locking structure; the first arc-shaped locking structure is connected with the first arc-shaped locking structure through the matching of the connecting cylinder and the two connecting lugs on the second arc-shaped locking structure; one end of the clamping plate is provided with a guide strip; the clamping plate is arranged on the second arc-shaped locking structure through the matching of the guide strip and an arc-shaped guide groove formed in the second arc-shaped locking structure; a steel rope is connected between the guide strip and the connecting cylinder; the touch spring is arranged on the lower side of the arc-shaped rack arranged on the second arc-shaped locking structure; the touch spring is matched with the limiting block; the connecting plate is arranged on one side of the clamping plate; one end of the third guide block is arranged on the connecting plate; the guide shell is arranged on the inner bottom side surface of the installation shell; the other end of the third guide block is arranged in the guide shell; a return spring is arranged between one end of the third guide block positioned in the guide shell and one side surface of the guide shell; for the structure positioned at the rear side in two groups of structures which are symmetrical to each other in the installation shell, the guide shell is installed on the side surface of the inner top of the installation shell; one side of the baffle plate, which is provided with the first guide groove, is arranged on the side surface of the mounting shell, which is not provided with one end of the guide groove; the limiting mounting plate is arranged on the baffle plate through the matching of the two first guide blocks and the two first guide grooves on the baffle plate, and the limiting mounting plate is positioned on the upper side of the mounting shell; a second extension spring is respectively arranged between the two first guide blocks and the two corresponding first guide grooves; two clamping blocks arranged on the limiting mounting plate are respectively matched with the two first arc locking structures; the first arc-shaped locking structure and the second arc-shaped locking structure are in running fit; the arc racks arranged on the first arc locking structure and the second arc locking structure are meshed with the corresponding third gears; when the trigger block moves towards the inner side of the mounting shell, the trigger block drives the two driving motors to move; on one hand, the two driving motors can drive the two corresponding second guide blocks to move; the two second guide blocks move to compress the two corresponding return springs; on the other hand, the two driving mechanisms can drive the two first rotating shafts to move, and meanwhile, the two driving motors can drive the two first rotating shafts to rotate; the two first rotating shafts can drive the two first gears to move when moving, and meanwhile, the two first rotating shafts can drive the two first gears to rotate; in the moving process of the two first gears, when the two first gears are meshed with the two corresponding second gears, the two first gears can enable the two second gears to rotate; in an initial state, one ends of the two limiting blocks with the inclined planes are respectively positioned in the clamping grooves formed in the two limiting cylinders; namely, the two limiting cylinders are in a static state; so that rotation of the two second gears causes rotation of the two third gears; the two third gears rotate to enable the corresponding first arc-shaped locking structure and the corresponding second arc-shaped locking structure to rotate along a third guide groove formed in the corresponding guide post under the action of arc-shaped racks arranged on the corresponding first arc-shaped locking structure and the corresponding second arc-shaped locking structure, and the rotating direction of the third gears faces the outer side of the mounting shell; the first arc-shaped locking structure and the second arc-shaped locking structure rotate to drive the two corresponding trigger strips to rotate; the elastic force of the first extension spring is greater than that of the corresponding return spring; therefore, the two first arc-shaped locking structures can drive the two corresponding clamping plates to rotate when rotating; the two clamping plates rotate to drive the two corresponding connecting plates to rotate; the two connecting plates rotate to drive the corresponding two third guide blocks to rotate along the corresponding guide shells; the two third guide blocks rotate along the corresponding guide shells to stretch the corresponding two return springs; in the rotating process of the first arc-shaped locking structure and the second arc-shaped locking structure, when the trigger springs arranged on the two first arc-shaped locking structures are in contact with the corresponding limiting blocks, the two trigger strips can extrude the corresponding two limiting blocks to enable the two limiting blocks to move towards the inner sides of the corresponding guide mounting shells; the two limiting blocks move to compress the two corresponding compression springs; in the moving process of the two limiting blocks, when the two limiting blocks are completely separated from the clamping grooves on the corresponding two limiting cylinders, the two limiting cylinders lose the constraint on the third rotating shaft; the two clamping plates arranged on the first arc-shaped locking structure are also completely contacted with the corresponding two guide columns; at the moment, the third gear rotates to drive the corresponding first arc-shaped locking structure, the second arc-shaped locking structure and the guide column to rotate around the axes of the third rotating shaft and the fourth rotating shaft under the action of the corresponding clamping plates; the two guide posts rotate to compress the two corresponding scroll springs, so that the scroll springs are forced upwards; when the first arc-shaped locking structure and the second arc-shaped locking structure are subjected to larger resistance in the rotating process of the first arc-shaped locking structure, the second arc-shaped locking structure and the guide post, the first arc-shaped locking structure, the second arc-shaped locking structure and the guide post stop rotating; at the moment, the rotation of the two third gears enables the corresponding fixture blocks to move towards one side far away from the corresponding first arc locking structures; the two clamping blocks move relative to the two corresponding second arc-shaped locking structures to drive the two corresponding guide strips to move; the two guide bars move to pull the corresponding steel ropes; the winding direction of the steel rope on the front side on the corresponding connecting cylinder enables the corresponding guide strip to rotate anticlockwise when the steel rope is pulled; the winding direction of the steel rope on the rear side on the corresponding connecting cylinder enables the corresponding guide strip to rotate clockwise when the steel rope is pulled; therefore, pulling the two steel ropes can make the two corresponding connecting cylinders rotate; the two connecting cylinders rotate to drive the two second arc-shaped locking structures to rotate around the corresponding axes of the connecting cylinders, and the rotating directions of the two second arc-shaped locking structures face the inner arc surfaces of the two first arc-shaped locking structures; the arc-shaped guide blocks arranged on the first arc-shaped locking structure and the second arc-shaped locking structure play a role in guiding the corresponding first arc-shaped locking structure and the second arc-shaped locking structure.
When the trigger block loses pressure, the two driving motors can restore to the original positions under the action of the two corresponding return springs; namely, the two first gears are restored to the original positions; at the moment, the two third gears stop rotating; the two clamping plates are restored to the original positions corresponding to the two corresponding first arc-shaped locking structures under the action of the two corresponding first extension springs; namely, the two first arc-shaped locking structures and the two second arc-shaped locking structures are restored to the original positions; then the two guide posts are restored to the original positions under the action of the corresponding two volute spiral springs; the two limiting blocks are restored to the original positions under the action of the corresponding two compression springs, and limit the two third rotating shafts; and the two first arc-shaped locking structures and the two second arc-shaped locking structures are restored to the original positions under the action of the corresponding two return springs.
The clamping blocks mounted on the limiting mounting plate have the function that after the first arc-shaped locking structures and the second arc-shaped locking structures are moved, the corresponding first arc-shaped locking structures and the corresponding second arc-shaped locking structures are prevented from rotating in opposite directions under the action of the reset springs through the friction between the two clamping blocks and the corresponding two first arc-shaped locking structures; so that the first arc-shaped locking structure and the second arc-shaped locking structure are restored to the original positions.
Compared with the traditional tree climbing mechanism technology, the tree climbing mechanism designed by the invention is further improved according to the principle of a telegraph pole climbing device; the diameter of the tree is adapted by adjusting the first arc-shaped locking structure and the second arc-shaped locking structure; and meanwhile, the elastic rubber skin is arranged on the inner arc surfaces of the first arc-shaped locking structure and the second arc-shaped locking structure, so that the damage to the tree caused by over sharp and hard contact parts with the tree in the tree climbing process can be prevented.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is an external view of an entire part.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the whole component.
Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of a spacing mounting plate structure.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of a baffle structure.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the mounting case.
Fig. 6 is a schematic distribution diagram of the internal structure of the mounting shell.
Fig. 7 is an installation schematic diagram of the internal structure of the integral component.
Fig. 8 is a first gear mounting schematic.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of the guide post installation.
Fig. 10 is a second gear mounting schematic.
Fig. 11 is a schematic view of the second gear and the first gear in cooperation.
Fig. 12 is a schematic view of the return spring installation.
Fig. 13 is a schematic view of stopper installation.
Fig. 14 is a schematic view of the trigger bar installation.
Fig. 15 is a schematic view of a guide post structure.
Fig. 16 is a schematic view of the guide strip installation.
Figure 17 is a card mounting schematic.
Fig. 18 is a schematic view of a first extension spring installation.
Fig. 19 is a structural schematic diagram of a first arc-shaped locking structure.
Fig. 20 is a structural schematic view of a second arc-shaped locking structure.
Fig. 21 is a schematic of the steel cord installation.
Fig. 22 is a schematic view of a limiting cylinder structure.
Number designation in the figures: 1. mounting a shell; 2. a limiting mounting plate; 3. leg wrapping elastic plates; 4. a baffle plate; 5. a clamping block; 6. a first guide block; 7. a first guide groove; 8. a guide groove; 9. a first avoidance slot; 10. a second guide groove; 11. a trigger block; 12. a guide post; 13. a first arc-shaped locking structure; 14. a drive motor; 15. a return spring; 16. a guide housing; 17. a first gear; 18. a limiting block; 19. a first rotating shaft; 20. a fourth rotating shaft; 21. a second guide block; 22. a volute spiral spring; 23. a second arc-shaped locking structure; 24. clamping a plate; 25. a second gear; 26. a second rotating shaft; 27. a third rotating shaft; 28. a third gear; 29. a limiting cylinder; 30. a guide strip; 31. a return spring; 32. a connecting plate; 33. a third guide block; 34. a compression spring; 35. a guide mounting housing; 36. touching the clockwork spring; 37. a third guide groove; 38. a fourth guide groove; 39. a second avoidance slot; 40. a connecting cylinder; 41. a first extension spring; 42. a steel cord; 43. a circular groove; 44. an arc-shaped guide block; 45. an arc-shaped guide groove; 46. mounting grooves; 47. an arc-shaped rack; 48. connecting the support lug; 49. a card slot; 50. a second tension spring.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1, the device comprises a mounting shell 1, a limiting mounting plate 2, a baffle 4, a clamping block 5, a first guide block 6, a first guide groove 7, a guide groove 8, a fourth rotating shaft 20, a first avoidance groove 9, a second guide groove 10, a trigger block 11, a guide post 12, a first arc-shaped locking structure 13, a driving motor 14, a return spring 15, a guide shell 16, a first gear 17, a limiting block 18, a first rotating shaft 19, a second guide block 21, a volute spring 22, a second arc-shaped locking structure 23, a clamping plate 24, a second gear 25, a second rotating shaft 26, a third rotating shaft 27, a third gear 28, a limiting cylinder 29, a guide bar 30, a return spring 31, a connecting plate 32, a third guide block 33, a compression spring 34, a guide mounting shell 35, a trigger bar 36, a third guide groove 37, a fourth guide groove 38, a second avoidance groove 39, a connecting cylinder 40, a first extension spring 41, a steel rope 42, a steel rope 43, a circular groove 43, a second avoidance groove 43, the mounting structure comprises an arc-shaped guide block 44, a second extension spring 50, an arc-shaped guide groove 45, a mounting groove 46, an arc-shaped rack 47, a connecting lug 48 and a clamping groove 49, wherein as shown in fig. 5, a guide groove 8 is formed in one side surface of the mounting shell 1; one side of the installation shell 1, which is provided with the guide groove 8, is symmetrically provided with two first avoidance grooves 9, and the two first avoidance grooves 9 are respectively positioned at two sides of the guide groove 8; two second guide grooves 10 are symmetrically formed in the bottom surface of the inner side of the mounting shell 1; as shown in fig. 2, the trigger block 11 is mounted on the mounting case 1 through the guide slot 8, and two ends of the trigger block 11 are respectively located at the inner side and the outer side of the mounting case 1.
As shown in fig. 6, the structures installed in the installation case 1 are similar in front and back and are symmetrical to each other, and for the structure located at the front side in two groups of structures symmetrical to each other in the installation case 1, as shown in fig. 8, the second guide block 21 is installed at the lower side of the driving motor 14; as shown in fig. 6, the driving motor 14 is installed in the installation case 1 by the cooperation of the second guide block 21 and one second guide groove 10 located at the front side of the two second guide grooves 10 opened in the installation case 1; the driving motor 14 is matched with the trigger block 11; the first rotating shaft 19 is mounted on the output shaft of the driving motor 14; one side of the first gear 17 has a bevel gear; the first gear 17 is mounted on the first rotating shaft 19; as shown in fig. 7 and 10, one end of the second rotating shaft 26 is mounted on the inner bottom end surface of the mounting case 1; one end of the second gear 25 has a bevel gear; as shown in fig. 10, the second gear 25 is mounted on the other end of the second rotating shaft 26; the bevel teeth on the second gear 25 are matched with the bevel teeth on the first gear 17; one end of the third rotating shaft 27 is installed on the inner bottom side end surface of the installation case 1; as shown in fig. 22, a triangular locking groove 49 is formed on the outer circumferential surface of the limiting cylinder 29; the limiting cylinder 29 is arranged at the lower end of the third rotating shaft 27 and is close to the bottom end face of the mounting shell 1; a third gear 28 is installed at the upper end of the third rotating shaft 27; as shown in fig. 10 and 11, the third gear 28 is meshed with the second gear 25; as shown in fig. 9, the guide mounting case 35 is mounted on the bottom side end face of the mounting case 1; as shown in FIG. 14, one end of the stopper 18 has two symmetrical inclined surfaces; the other end of the limiting block 18 is mounted in the guide mounting shell 35, and a compression spring 34 is mounted between the limiting block 18 and the rear end face in the guide mounting shell 35; as shown in fig. 13, the beveled end of the stopper 18 engages a notch 49 in the stopper cylinder 29.
As shown in fig. 15, the outer circumferential surface of the guide post 12 is provided with a through arc-shaped fourth guide groove 38; a second run-through avoidance groove 39 is formed on the bottom side surface of the fourth guide groove 38 close to one end of the outer arc surface; the upper side surface of one end of the fourth guide groove 38 close to the outer cambered surface is provided with a third guide groove 37; as shown in fig. 9, the guide post 12 is installed at an upper side of the third rotation shaft 27; one end of a fourth rotating shaft 20 is installed on the upper side of the guide post 12, and the other end of the fourth rotating shaft 20 is installed on the end surface of the inner upper side of the installation shell 1; a volute spiral spring 22 is arranged between the fourth rotating shaft 20 and the inner upper side end surface of the mounting shell 1; the upper end of one side of the outer arc surface of the second arc locking structure 23 is provided with an arc guide block 44; as shown in fig. 20, an arc rack 47 is installed at the lower end of one side of the outer arc surface of the second arc locking structure 23; the two connecting lugs 48 are symmetrically arranged at one end of the second arc-shaped locking structure 23; as shown in fig. 17, the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 is installed inside the installation shell 1, and an arc-shaped guide block 44 installed on the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 is matched with the fourth guide slot 8 opened on the guide post 12; an arc-shaped rack 47 arranged on the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 is matched with a second avoidance groove 39 formed in the guide post 12; as shown in fig. 19, an arc guide 44 is installed at the upper end of one side of the outer arc surface of the first arc locking structure 13; the lower end of one side of the outer cambered surface of the first arc locking structure 13 is provided with an arc rack 47; one end of the first arc locking structure 13 is provided with a circular groove 43; an arc-shaped mounting groove 46 is formed in the inner side of the other end of the first arc-shaped locking structure 13; the first arc locking structure 13 is provided with an arc guide groove 45; the two ends of the arc-shaped guide groove 45 are respectively communicated with the circular groove 43 and the arc-shaped guide groove 45; as shown in fig. 17, the connecting cylinder 40 is installed in a circular groove 43 formed in the first arc-shaped locking structure 13; the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 is connected with the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 through the matching of the connecting cylinder 40 and the two connecting lugs 48 on the second arc-shaped locking structure 23; as shown in fig. 21, one end of the chucking plate 24 is mounted with a guide bar 30; the clamping plate 24 is arranged on the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 through the matching of the guide strip 30 and an arc-shaped guide groove 45 formed in the second arc-shaped locking structure 23; as shown in fig. 18, a first extension spring 41 is installed between the catch plate 24 and the side surface of the installation groove 46; as shown in fig. 16, a steel cable 42 is connected between the guide bar 30 and the connecting cylinder 40; one end of the steel rope 42 is wound on the connecting cylinder 40; the other end of the steel cable 42 passes through the gap between the two connecting lugs 48 and the arc-shaped guide groove 45 formed on the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 to be connected with the guide strip 30; as shown in fig. 17, the triggering bar 36 is installed at the lower side of the arc-shaped rack 47 installed on the second arc-shaped locking structure 23, and is close to the installation groove 46 opened on the second arc-shaped locking structure 23; as shown in FIG. 14, the trigger bar 36 engages the stop block 18; as shown in FIG. 12, the connecting plate 32 is mounted on one side of the card 24; one end of the third guide block 33 is mounted on the connection plate 32; the guide housing 16 is installed on the inner bottom side surface of the installation housing 1; the other end of the third guide block 33 is mounted in the guide housing 16; as shown in fig. 9, a return spring 31 is installed between one end of the third guide block 33 located inside the guide housing 16 and one side surface of the guide housing 16.
As shown in fig. 7, the guide housing 16 is mounted on the inner top side surface of the mounting case 1 for the structure on the rear side of the two sets of structures symmetrical to each other in the mounting case 1.
As shown in fig. 4, one side of the baffle 4 is provided with two symmetrical first guide grooves 7; one side of the baffle 4 provided with the first guide groove 7 is arranged on the side surface of the mounting shell 1 which is not provided with the guide groove 8; as shown in fig. 3, two symmetrical first guide blocks 6 are mounted on one side of the limiting mounting plate 2; two symmetrical clamping blocks 5 are arranged on the other side of the limiting mounting plate 2; as shown in fig. 1, the limiting mounting plate 2 is mounted on the baffle 4 through the matching of two first guide blocks 6 and two first guide grooves 7 on the baffle 4, and the limiting mounting plate 2 is located on the upper side of the mounting shell 1; a second extension spring 50 is respectively arranged between the two first guide blocks 6 and the two corresponding first guide grooves 7; two fixture blocks 5 installed on the limiting installation plate 2 are respectively matched with the two first arc locking structures 13.
As shown in fig. 12, the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 and the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 are in rotation fit with each other; the arc-shaped racks 47 mounted on the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 and the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 are engaged with the corresponding third gears 28.
In the initial state, the ends of the two limiting blocks 18 with inclined planes are respectively located in the slots 49 formed on the two limiting cylinders 29.
The elastic force of the first extension spring 41 is greater than the elastic force of the corresponding return spring 31.
The return spring 31 is an extension spring; the return spring 15 is a compression spring 34.
Two leg-wrapping elastic plates 3 are symmetrically arranged on one side surface of the baffle 4 provided with the first guide groove 7.
The winding direction of the front steel cable 42 on the corresponding connecting cylinder 40 is such that the connecting cylinder 40 rotates counterclockwise when the corresponding guide bar 30 pulls the steel cable 42; the winding direction of the rear steel cord 42 on the corresponding connecting cylinder 40 is such that the corresponding guide bar 30 rotates clockwise when the steel cord 42 is pulled.
Elastic rubber sheets are arranged on the inner arc surfaces of the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 and the second arc-shaped locking structure 23.
The steel cord 42 is elastic in the winding direction.
In summary, the following steps:
the tree climbing mechanism designed by the invention is further improved according to the principle of a telegraph pole climbing device; the diameter of the tree is adapted by adjusting the first and second arc-shaped locking structures 13 and 23; meanwhile, the elastic rubber skin is arranged on the inner arc surfaces of the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 and the second arc-shaped locking structure 23, so that the damage to the tree caused by over sharp and hard contact parts with the tree in the tree climbing process can be prevented.
In the invention, a trigger block 11 is arranged on an installation shell 1 through a guide groove 8; the front and back of the mounting structure in the mounting shell 1 are similar and mutually symmetrical, and for the structure positioned at the front side in two groups of mutually symmetrical structures in the mounting shell 1, the driving motor 14 is mounted in the mounting shell 1 through the matching of the second guide block 21 and one second guide groove 10 positioned at the front side in two second guide grooves 10 opened in the mounting shell 1; the driving motor 14 is matched with the trigger block 11; the first rotating shaft 19 is mounted on the output shaft of the driving motor 14; the first gear 17 is mounted on the first rotating shaft 19; one end of the second rotating shaft 26 is mounted on the inner bottom end surface of the mounting case 1; the second gear 25 is mounted on the other end of the second rotating shaft 26; the bevel teeth on the second gear 25 are matched with the bevel teeth on the first gear 17; one end of the third rotating shaft 27 is installed on the inner bottom side end surface of the installation case 1; the limiting cylinder 29 is arranged at the lower end of the third rotating shaft 27; a third gear 28 is installed at the upper end of the third rotating shaft 27; the third gear 28 meshes with the second gear 25; the guide mounting shell 35 is mounted on the bottom end face of the mounting shell 1; one end of the limiting block 18 is installed in the guide installation shell 35, and a compression spring 34 is installed between the limiting block 18 and the rear end face in the guide installation shell 35; one end of the limiting block 18 with an inclined plane is matched with the clamping groove 49 on the limiting cylinder 29; the guide post 12 is installed on the upper side of the third rotating shaft 27; one end of a fourth rotating shaft 20 is installed on the upper side of the guide post 12, and the other end of the fourth rotating shaft 20 is installed on the end surface of the inner upper side of the installation shell 1; a volute spiral spring 22 is arranged between the fourth rotating shaft 20 and the inner upper side end surface of the mounting shell 1; the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 is arranged on the inner side of the mounting shell 1, and an arc-shaped guide block 44 arranged on the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 is matched with a fourth guide groove 8 formed in the guide column 12; an arc-shaped rack 47 arranged on the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 is matched with a second avoidance groove 39 formed in the guide post 12; the connecting cylinder 40 is mounted in a circular groove 43 cut in the first arced locking structure 13; the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 is connected with the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 through the matching of the connecting cylinder 40 and the two connecting lugs 48 on the second arc-shaped locking structure 23; one end of the clamping plate 24 is provided with a guide strip 30; the clamping plate 24 is arranged on the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 through the matching of the guide strip 30 and an arc-shaped guide groove 45 formed in the second arc-shaped locking structure 23; a steel rope 42 is connected between the guide strip 30 and the connecting cylinder 40; the trigger spring 36 is mounted on the lower side of an arc-shaped rack 47 mounted on the second arc-shaped locking structure 23; the touch spring 36 is matched with the limiting block 18; the connecting plate 32 is arranged on one side of the clamping plate 24; one end of the third guide block 33 is mounted on the connection plate 32; the guide housing 16 is installed on the inner bottom side surface of the installation housing 1; the other end of the third guide block 33 is mounted in the guide housing 16; a return spring 31 is arranged between one end of the third guide block 33 positioned in the guide shell 16 and one side surface of the guide shell 16; for the structure at the rear side in two groups of structures which are symmetrical to each other in the installation shell 1, the guide shell 16 is installed on the inner top side surface of the installation shell 1; one side of the baffle 4 provided with the first guide groove 7 is arranged on the side surface of the mounting shell 1 which is not provided with the guide groove 8; the limiting mounting plate 2 is arranged on the baffle 4 through the matching of the two first guide blocks 6 and the two first guide grooves 7 on the baffle 4, and the limiting mounting plate 2 is positioned on the upper side of the mounting shell 1; a second extension spring 50 is respectively arranged between the two first guide blocks 6 and the two corresponding first guide grooves 7; two clamping blocks 5 arranged on the limiting mounting plate 2 are respectively matched with the two first arc locking structures 13; the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 and the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 are in running fit; the arc-shaped racks 47 arranged on the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 and the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 are meshed with the corresponding third gears 28; when the trigger block 11 moves towards the inner side of the mounting shell 1, the trigger block 11 drives the two driving motors 14 to move; the two driving motors 14 move to drive the two corresponding second guide blocks 21 to move on the one hand; the two second guide blocks 21 move to compress the two corresponding return springs 15; the two driving mechanisms move to drive the two first rotating shafts 19 to move on the other hand, and meanwhile, the two driving motors 14 can drive the two first rotating shafts 19 to rotate; the two first rotating shafts 19 move to drive the two first gears 17 to move, and meanwhile, the two first rotating shafts 19 drive the two first gears 17 to rotate; when the two first gears 17 are engaged with the two corresponding second gears 25 during the movement of the two first gears 17, the two first gears 17 will make the two second gears 25 rotate; because in the initial state, the ends of the two limiting blocks 18 with inclined planes are respectively located in the slots 49 formed on the two limiting cylinders 29; namely, the two limiting cylinders 29 are in a static state; the rotation of the two second gears 25 causes the rotation of the two third gears 28; the rotation of the two third gears 28 will cause the corresponding first and second arc-shaped locking structures 13 and 23 to rotate along the third guide slots 37 opened on the corresponding guide posts 12 under the action of the arc-shaped racks 47 installed on the corresponding first and second arc-shaped locking structures 13 and 23, and the rotation direction is toward the outside of the installation shell 1; the rotation of the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 and the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 drives the corresponding two touch springs 36 to rotate; since the elastic force of the first extension spring 41 is greater than the elastic force of the corresponding return spring 31; therefore, the two first arc-shaped locking structures 13 rotate to drive the two corresponding clamping plates 24 to rotate; the two clamping plates 24 rotate to drive the two corresponding connecting plates 32 to rotate; the two connecting plates 32 rotate to drive the corresponding two third guide blocks 33 to rotate along the corresponding guide shell 16; the rotation of the two third guide blocks 33 along the corresponding guide housings 16 stretches the corresponding two return springs 31; when the touch springs 36 mounted on the two first arc-shaped locking structures 13 contact the corresponding limiting blocks 18 during the rotation of the first arc-shaped locking structures 13 and the second arc-shaped locking structures 23, the two touch springs 36 will press the corresponding two limiting blocks 18, so that the two limiting blocks 18 move towards the inner sides of the corresponding guide mounting shells 35; the two limiting blocks 18 move to compress the two corresponding compression springs 34; in the moving process of the two limit blocks 18, when the two limit blocks 18 are completely separated from the clamping grooves 49 on the two corresponding limit cylinders 29, the two limit cylinders 29 lose the constraint on the third rotating shaft 27; meanwhile, the two clamping plates 24 arranged on the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 are also completely contacted with the two corresponding guide columns 12; at this time, the third gear 28 rotates to drive the corresponding first arc-shaped locking structure 13, second arc-shaped locking structure 23 and guide post 12 to rotate around the axes of the third rotating shaft 27 and fourth rotating shaft 20 under the action of the corresponding clamping plate 24; the two guide posts 12 rotate to compress the two corresponding scroll springs 22, so that the scroll springs 22 are forced; when the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 and the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 are subjected to large resistance in the rotating process of the first arc-shaped locking structure 13, the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 and the guide post 12, the first arc-shaped locking structure 13, the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 and the guide post 12 stop rotating; at this time, the rotation of the two third gears 28 will make the corresponding latch 5 move towards the side far away from the corresponding first arc-shaped locking structure 13; the two fixture blocks 5 move relative to the two corresponding second arc-shaped locking structures 23 to drive the two corresponding guide strips 30 to move; the two guide bars 30 move to pull the corresponding steel ropes 42; the connection cylinder 40 rotates counterclockwise when the corresponding guide bar 30 pulls the steel cable 42 due to the winding direction of the steel cable 42 at the front side on the corresponding connection cylinder 40; the winding direction of the steel cable 42 on the rear side on the corresponding connecting cylinder 40 is such that the connecting cylinder 40 rotates clockwise when the corresponding guide bar 30 pulls the steel cable 42; pulling the two steel cables 42 causes the corresponding two connecting cylinders 40 to rotate; the two connecting cylinders 40 rotate to drive the two second arc-shaped locking structures 23 to rotate around the axes of the corresponding connecting cylinders 40, and the rotating directions of the two second arc-shaped locking structures face the inner arc surfaces of the two first arc-shaped locking structures 13; the arc-shaped guide blocks 44 installed on the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 and the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 of the invention play a role in guiding the corresponding first arc-shaped locking structure 13 and the second arc-shaped locking structure 23.
When the trigger block 11 loses pressure, the two driving motors 14 can restore to the original positions under the action of the two corresponding return springs 15; namely, the two first gears 17 are restored to the original positions; at this time, the two third gears 28 stop rotating; the two catch plates 24 are restored to the original positions corresponding to the two corresponding first arc-shaped locking structures 13 under the action of the two corresponding first extension springs 41; namely, the two first arc-shaped locking structures 13 and the two second arc-shaped locking structures 23 are restored to the original positions; then the two guide posts 12 are restored to the original positions under the action of the corresponding two volute spiral springs 22; the two limiting blocks 18 are restored to the original positions under the action of the corresponding two compression springs 34, and limit the two third rotating shafts 27; and the two first arc-shaped locking structures 13 and the two second arc-shaped locking structures 23 are restored to the original positions under the action of the corresponding two return springs 31.
The fixture blocks 5 mounted on the limiting mounting plate 2 have the function that after the first arc-shaped locking structures 13 and the second arc-shaped locking structures 23 finish moving, the corresponding first arc-shaped locking structures 13 and the corresponding second arc-shaped locking structures 23 are prevented from rotating in opposite directions under the action of the reset springs 31 through the friction between the two fixture blocks 5 and the corresponding two first arc-shaped locking structures 13; so that the first and second arc-shaped locking structures 13 and 23 are restored to the original positions.
The specific implementation mode is as follows: when people use the tree climbing mechanism designed by the invention, the tree climbing mechanism is bound on two feet through the two leg binding elastic plates 3 and the rope; in the tree climbing process, firstly, a trigger block 11 in a tree climbing mechanism to be climbed is pressed towards a tree; causing the tree to give a pushing force to the trigger block 11; when the trigger block 11 moves towards the inner side of the mounting shell 1, the trigger block 11 drives the two driving motors 14 to move; the two driving motors 14 move to drive the two corresponding second guide blocks 21 to move on the one hand; the two driving mechanisms move to drive the two first rotating shafts 19 to move on the other hand, and meanwhile, the two driving motors 14 can drive the two first rotating shafts 19 to rotate; the two first rotating shafts 19 move to drive the two first gears 17 to move, and meanwhile, the two first rotating shafts 19 drive the two first gears 17 to rotate; when the two first gears 17 are engaged with the two corresponding second gears 25 during the movement of the two first gears 17, the two first gears 17 will make the two second gears 25 rotate; the rotation of the two second gears 25 causes the rotation of the two third gears 28; the rotation of the two third gears 28 will cause the corresponding first and second arc-shaped locking structures 13 and 23 to rotate along the third guide slots 37 opened on the corresponding guide posts 12 under the action of the arc-shaped racks 47 installed on the corresponding first and second arc-shaped locking structures 13 and 23, and the rotation direction is toward the outside of the installation shell 1; when the touch springs 36 mounted on the two first arc-shaped locking structures 13 contact the corresponding limiting blocks 18 during the rotation of the first arc-shaped locking structures 13 and the second arc-shaped locking structures 23, the two touch springs 36 will press the corresponding two limiting blocks 18, so that the two limiting blocks 18 move towards the inner sides of the corresponding guide mounting shells 35; when the two limiting blocks 18 are completely separated from the clamping grooves 49 on the two corresponding limiting cylinders 29, the two limiting cylinders 29 lose the constraint on the third rotating shaft 27; meanwhile, the two clamping plates 24 arranged on the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 are also completely contacted with the two corresponding guide columns 12; at this time, the third gear 28 rotates to drive the corresponding first arc-shaped locking structure 13, second arc-shaped locking structure 23 and guide post 12 to rotate around the axes of the third rotating shaft 27 and fourth rotating shaft 20 under the action of the corresponding clamping plate 24; when the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 and the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 are in contact with a tree and are subjected to larger resistance by the tree in the rotating process of the first arc-shaped locking structure 13, the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 and the guide post 12, the first arc-shaped locking structure 13, the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 and the guide post 12 stop rotating; at this time, the rotation of the two third gears 28 will make the corresponding latch 5 move towards the side far away from the corresponding first arc-shaped locking structure 13; the two clamping blocks 5 move relative to the two corresponding second arc-shaped locking structures 23 to pull the corresponding steel ropes 42; pulling the two steel cables 42 will make the corresponding two connecting cylinders 40 rotate; the two connecting cylinders 40 rotate to drive the two second arc-shaped locking structures 23 to rotate around the axes of the corresponding connecting cylinders 40, and the rotating directions of the two second arc-shaped locking structures face the inner arc surfaces of the two first arc-shaped locking structures 13. The tree is locked by the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 and the second arc-shaped locking structure 23; at this time, the other foot is replaced; when the first arc-shaped locking structure 13 and the second arc-shaped locking structure 23 bound on the other foot lock the tree, the pressure between the trigger block 11 and the tree in the tree climbing mechanism which is locked with the tree originally is reduced, and at the moment, the two driving motors 14 can be restored to the original positions under the action of the two corresponding return springs 15; namely, the two first gears 17 are restored to the original positions; at this time, the two third gears 28 stop rotating; the two catch plates 24 are restored to the original positions corresponding to the two corresponding first arc-shaped locking structures 13 under the action of the two corresponding first extension springs 41; namely, the two first arc-shaped locking structures 13 and the two second arc-shaped locking structures 23 are restored to the original positions; then the two guide posts 12 are restored to the original positions under the action of the corresponding two volute spiral springs 22; the two limiting blocks 18 are restored to the original positions under the action of the corresponding two compression springs 34, and limit the two third rotating shafts 27; the two first arc-shaped locking structures 13 and the two second arc-shaped locking structures 23 are restored to the original positions under the action of the two corresponding return springs 31; namely, the tree climbing mechanism which is locked with the tree originally is completely loosened from the tree; and the tree climbing function can be realized by continuous repetition.

Claims (8)

1. A tree climbing mechanism is characterized in that: it comprises an installation shell, a limiting installation plate, a baffle plate, a clamping block, a first guide groove, a fourth rotating shaft, a first avoidance groove, a second guide groove, a trigger block, a guide post, a first arc locking structure, a driving motor, a return spring, a guide shell, a first gear, a limiting block, a first rotating shaft, a second guide block, a volute spiral spring, a second arc locking structure, a clamping plate, a second gear and a second rotating shaft, the device comprises a third rotating shaft, a third gear, a limiting cylinder, a guide strip, a reset spring, a connecting plate, a third guide block, a compression spring, a guide mounting shell, a touch spring, a third guide groove, a fourth guide groove, a second avoidance groove, a connecting cylinder, a first extension spring, a steel rope, a circular groove, an arc-shaped guide block, a second extension spring, an arc-shaped guide groove, a mounting groove, an arc-shaped rack, a connecting lug and a clamping groove, wherein a guide groove is formed in one side face of the mounting shell; two first avoidance grooves are symmetrically formed in one side, provided with the guide groove, of the mounting shell, and the two first avoidance grooves are respectively positioned on two sides of the guide groove; two second guide grooves are symmetrically formed in the bottom surface of the inner side of the mounting shell; the trigger block is arranged on the mounting shell through the guide groove, and two ends of the trigger block are respectively positioned on the inner side and the outer side of the mounting shell;
the front and the back of the mounting structure in the mounting shell are similar and mutually symmetrical, and for the structure positioned on the front side in two groups of mutually symmetrical structures in the mounting shell, the lower side of the driving motor is provided with a second guide block; the driving motor is installed in the installation shell through the matching of the second guide block and one of the two second guide grooves formed in the installation shell and positioned on the front side; the driving motor is matched with the trigger block; the first rotating shaft is arranged on an output shaft of the driving motor; one side of the first gear is provided with bevel teeth; the first gear is arranged on the first rotating shaft; one end of the second rotating shaft is arranged on the end face of the inner bottom side of the mounting shell; one end of the second gear is provided with bevel teeth; the second gear is arranged at the other end of the second rotating shaft; the bevel gear on the second gear is matched with the bevel gear on the first gear; one end of the third rotating shaft is arranged on the end face of the inner bottom side of the mounting shell; a triangular clamping groove is formed in the outer circular surface of the limiting cylinder; the limiting cylinder is arranged at the lower end of the third rotating shaft and is close to the bottom end face of the mounting shell; the third gear is arranged at the upper end of the third rotating shaft; the third gear is meshed with the second gear; the guide mounting shell is mounted on the bottom side end face of the mounting shell; one end of the limiting block is provided with two symmetrical inclined planes; the other end of the limiting block is arranged in the guide mounting shell, and a compression spring is arranged between the limiting block and the rear end face in the guide mounting shell; one end of the limiting block with the inclined plane is matched with the clamping groove on the limiting cylinder;
the outer circular surface of the guide post is provided with a through arc-shaped fourth guide groove; a through second avoidance groove is formed in the bottom side face of one end, close to the outer arc face, of the fourth guide groove; the upper side surface of one end, close to the outer cambered surface, of the fourth guide groove is provided with a third guide groove; the guide post is arranged on the upper side of the third rotating shaft; one end of the fourth rotating shaft is arranged on the upper side of the guide post, and the other end of the fourth rotating shaft is arranged on the end surface of the inner upper side of the mounting shell; a volute spiral spring is arranged between the fourth rotating shaft and the end surface of the inner upper side of the mounting shell; the upper end of one side of the outer arc surface of the second arc locking structure is provided with an arc guide block; the lower end of one side of the outer arc surface of the second arc locking structure is provided with an arc rack; the two connecting lugs are symmetrically arranged at one end of the second arc-shaped locking structure; the second arc-shaped locking structure is arranged on the inner side of the mounting shell, and an arc-shaped guide block arranged on the second arc-shaped locking structure is matched with a fourth guide groove formed in the guide column; an arc rack arranged on the second arc locking structure is matched with a second avoidance groove formed in the guide column; the upper end of one side of the outer arc surface of the first arc locking structure is provided with an arc guide block; the lower end of one side of the outer arc surface of the first arc locking structure is provided with an arc rack; one end of the first arc locking structure is provided with a circular groove; an arc-shaped mounting groove is formed in the inner side of the other end of the first arc-shaped locking structure; the first arc locking structure is provided with an arc guide groove; two ends of the arc-shaped guide groove are respectively communicated with the circular groove and the arc-shaped guide groove; the connecting cylinder is arranged in a circular groove formed in the first arc locking structure; the first arc-shaped locking structure is connected with the first arc-shaped locking structure through the matching of the connecting cylinder and the two connecting lugs on the second arc-shaped locking structure; one end of the clamping plate is provided with a guide strip; the clamping plate is arranged on the second arc-shaped locking structure through the matching of the guide strip and an arc-shaped guide groove formed in the second arc-shaped locking structure; a first extension spring is arranged between the clamping plate and the side surface of the mounting groove; a steel rope is connected between the guide strip and the connecting cylinder; one end of the steel rope is wound on the connecting cylinder; the other end of the steel rope penetrates through a gap between the two connecting lugs and an arc-shaped guide groove formed in the second arc-shaped locking structure to be connected with the guide strip; the touch spring is arranged on the lower side of the arc-shaped rack arranged on the second arc-shaped locking structure and is close to the mounting groove formed on the second arc-shaped locking structure; the touch spring is matched with the limiting block; the connecting plate is arranged on one side of the clamping plate; one end of the third guide block is arranged on the connecting plate; the guide shell is arranged on the inner bottom side surface of the installation shell; the other end of the third guide block is arranged in the guide shell; a return spring is arranged between one end of the third guide block positioned in the guide shell and one side surface of the guide shell;
for the structure positioned at the rear side in two groups of structures which are symmetrical to each other in the installation shell, the guide shell is installed on the side surface of the inner top of the installation shell;
one side of the baffle is provided with two symmetrical first guide grooves; one side of the baffle plate, which is provided with the first guide groove, is arranged on the side surface of the mounting shell, which is not provided with one end of the guide groove; one side of the limiting mounting plate is provided with two symmetrical first guide blocks; two symmetrical clamping blocks are arranged on the other side of the limiting mounting plate; the limiting mounting plate is arranged on the baffle plate through the matching of the two first guide blocks and the two first guide grooves on the baffle plate, and the limiting mounting plate is positioned on the upper side of the mounting shell; a second extension spring is respectively arranged between the two first guide blocks and the two corresponding first guide grooves; two clamping blocks arranged on the limiting mounting plate are respectively matched with the two first arc locking structures;
the first arc-shaped locking structure and the second arc-shaped locking structure are in running fit; the arc racks arranged on the first arc locking structure and the second arc locking structure are meshed with the corresponding third gears.
2. The tree climbing mechanism of claim 1, wherein: the ends of the two limiting blocks with the inclined planes are respectively positioned in the clamping grooves formed in the two limiting cylinders.
3. The tree climbing mechanism of claim 1, wherein: the elastic force of the first extension spring is larger than that of the corresponding return spring.
4. The tree climbing mechanism of claim 1, wherein: the return spring is an extension spring; the return spring is a compression spring.
5. The tree climbing mechanism of claim 1, wherein: two leg wrapping elastic plates are symmetrically arranged on one side surface of the baffle plate, which is provided with the first guide groove.
6. The tree climbing mechanism of claim 1, wherein: the winding direction of the steel rope on the front side on the corresponding connecting cylinder enables the corresponding guide strip to rotate anticlockwise when the steel rope is pulled; the winding direction of the steel rope on the rear side on the corresponding connecting cylinder enables the corresponding guide strip to rotate clockwise when the steel rope is pulled.
7. The tree climbing mechanism of claim 1, wherein: elastic rubber sheets are arranged on the inner arc surfaces of the first arc-shaped locking structure and the second arc-shaped locking structure.
8. The tree climbing mechanism of claim 1, wherein: the steel cord is elastic in the winding direction.
CN201810342207.5A 2018-04-17 2018-04-17 Tree climbing mechanism Active CN108499047B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810342207.5A CN108499047B (en) 2018-04-17 2018-04-17 Tree climbing mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810342207.5A CN108499047B (en) 2018-04-17 2018-04-17 Tree climbing mechanism

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN108499047A CN108499047A (en) 2018-09-07
CN108499047B true CN108499047B (en) 2020-08-18

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0956846A (en) * 1995-08-21 1997-03-04 Hideaki Ishibashi Elevator
CN200966880Y (en) * 2006-11-20 2007-10-31 深圳市水库小学 Pedal-type pole device for climbing
CN104436563A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-03-25 天津市翔晟远电力设备实业有限公司 Pole climbing device for electric power construction
CN206012760U (en) * 2016-09-18 2017-03-15 三峡大学 Articulated type pole-climbing detects robot
CN106939551A (en) * 2017-03-23 2017-07-11 武汉理工大学 A kind of cable cohesion device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0956846A (en) * 1995-08-21 1997-03-04 Hideaki Ishibashi Elevator
CN200966880Y (en) * 2006-11-20 2007-10-31 深圳市水库小学 Pedal-type pole device for climbing
CN104436563A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-03-25 天津市翔晟远电力设备实业有限公司 Pole climbing device for electric power construction
CN206012760U (en) * 2016-09-18 2017-03-15 三峡大学 Articulated type pole-climbing detects robot
CN106939551A (en) * 2017-03-23 2017-07-11 武汉理工大学 A kind of cable cohesion device

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