CN108488250A - Rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine - Google Patents

Rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108488250A
CN108488250A CN201810568472.5A CN201810568472A CN108488250A CN 108488250 A CN108488250 A CN 108488250A CN 201810568472 A CN201810568472 A CN 201810568472A CN 108488250 A CN108488250 A CN 108488250A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rubber
connectors
equipment
micro machine
sleeve
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810568472.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田丹
刘春生
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing Chengnan Rubber & Plastic Technology Research Insititute
Original Assignee
Beijing Chengnan Rubber & Plastic Technology Research Insititute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Chengnan Rubber & Plastic Technology Research Insititute filed Critical Beijing Chengnan Rubber & Plastic Technology Research Insititute
Priority to CN201810568472.5A priority Critical patent/CN108488250A/en
Publication of CN108488250A publication Critical patent/CN108488250A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16DCOUPLINGS FOR TRANSMITTING ROTATION; CLUTCHES; BRAKES
    • F16D3/00Yielding couplings, i.e. with means permitting movement between the connected parts during the drive
    • F16D3/02Yielding couplings, i.e. with means permitting movement between the connected parts during the drive adapted to specific functions
    • F16D3/14Yielding couplings, i.e. with means permitting movement between the connected parts during the drive adapted to specific functions combined with a friction coupling for damping vibration or absorbing shock

Abstract

The present invention is used to connect equipment and the rubber composite coupler of micro machine includes:Rubber sleeve,Two connectors and fixing sleeve,Two connectors are respectively at the both ends of rubber sleeve,A groove along connector circumferencial direction is had on two connectors close to rubber sleeve,The rubber at the both ends of rubber sleeve is vulcanized by way of heat cure respectively in the groove of two connectors,So that two connectors and rubber sleeve are combined as a whole,There are several ripples respectively on the outer wall and inner wall of cylinder type rubber sleeve,Equipment axis and motor shaft are attached separately in two connectors,At least two top wire holes are radially had in two connectors,Jackscrew is housed in top wire hole,Fixing sleeve is sleeved on outside the circumference of rubber sleeve and two connectors,One end of fixing sleeve is connected with micro machine,The other end is connected with equipment,The length of fixing sleeve is slightly larger than the summation of rubber sleeve and two joint lengths,The rubber composite coupler has good damping effect,It multidirectional can adjust,Connect safety and advantage of convenient mounting.

Description

Rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of shaft coupling, especially a kind of compound shaft couplings of rubber for connecting equipment and micro machine Device.
Background technology
1, shaft coupling belongs to mechanical spare part in common use scope, is the critical piece in machine driving, and effect is connection master Moving axis and driven shaft to transmit movement and torque, and are compensated and are absorbed since foozle, installation error lead to the deformation after carrying And it is axial caused by variation of temperature etc., radially and angularly deviate.Currently used shaft coupling has diaphragm coupling, tooth-like Axis device, plum coupling, oldham coupling, drum-shaped tooth type shaft coupling, Hooks coupling universal coupling, safety coupling, yielding coupling and Falk flexible coupling.
2, shaft coupling work quality, except the structure, geometric dimension and characterisitic parameter with itself have outside the Pass, also with residing biography The dynamic characteristics of moving axis system, load condition, installation are related with a series of factor such as maintenance.The traditional gold used on micro machine Belonging to shaft coupling due to having no cushioning effect, transmission torque shock, fixation are non-adjustable, influence connection safety and inconvenience is installed etc. Disadvantage, is only applicable in that load is steady or occasion of only mild impulse.And pure rubber shaft coupling seriously affects entirety because easy to wear Property, the defects of the safety used and service life, cause using being restricted.So design a kind of good damping effect, safety, Reliable shaft coupling is particularly important.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention solve present in existing shaft coupling without cushioning effect, transmit torque shock, fixation can not It adjusts, connect the shortcomings of dangerous and installation is inconvenient, and a kind of compound shaft coupling of rubber for connecting equipment and micro machine is provided Device, which is a kind of good damping effect, multidirectional can adjust, to connect safety, rubber easy for installation compound Axis device, it solves the problems, such as that the gap and delay generated in transmission process causes positioning accuracy inaccurate.
In order to achieve the above-mentioned object of the invention, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
The rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine of the present invention, is respectively provided in equipment on micro machine Equipment axis and motor shaft, rubber composite coupler include:Rubber sleeve, two connectors and fixing sleeve, two connectors are respectively in rubber The both ends of set, connector are cylindrical sleeves, wherein:One is had upwards along connector in two connectors close to rubber sleeve The rubber of the groove of circumferencial direction, the both ends of rubber sleeve is vulcanized by way of heat cure respectively in the groove of two connectors, So that two connectors and rubber sleeve are combined as a whole, rubber sleeve is cylinder type rubber sleeve, in the outer wall of cylinder type rubber sleeve and interior There are several ripples, equipment axis and motor shaft to be attached separately in the cylindrical sleeves of two connectors on wall respectively, in two connectors Radially have at least two top wire holes, in top wire hole be equipped with jackscrew, motor shaft or equipment axis are fixed respectively On two connectors, fixing sleeve is sleeved on outside the circumference of rubber sleeve and two connectors, and one end of fixing sleeve is connected with micro machine, separately One end is connected with equipment, and the length of fixing sleeve is slightly larger than the summation of rubber sleeve and two joint lengths, to keep equipment axis and electricity The distance between arbor is constant;
The rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine of the present invention, wherein:The fixing sleeve length compares rubber The long 10-30mm of the summation of gum cover and two joint lengths;
The rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine of the present invention, wherein:Along the axial direction side of rubber sleeve Upwards, the wall thickness of rubber sleeve is identical;
The rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine of the present invention, wherein:The wall thickness of the rubber sleeve with The wall thickness of the cylindrical sleeves of connector is identical;
The rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine of the present invention, wherein:Justify along described two connectors Circumferential direction equably open respectively there are three or four top wire holes;
The rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine of the present invention, wherein:One end of the fixing sleeve is logical It crosses screw with micro machine to be connected, the other end is connected by screw with equipment;
The rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine of the present invention, wherein:Described two connectors are by stainless Steel material is made;
The rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine of the present invention, wherein:The rubber sleeve is by rubber material Material is made, and shore hardness A is 50-80 °, tensile strength 15-28Mpa.
The present invention's is used to connect equipment with the rubber composite coupler of micro machine compared with existing shaft coupling, has following Advantage:
1, shaft coupling uses the structure type of metal and vulcanization of rubber one, both ends to use metal material, and centre is using tool There is the high elastic polymer material of reversible deformation, two kinds of material junctions are combined as a whole by the way of heat cure, such whole Body structure solves the gap generated in transmission process and delay phenomenon, makes accurate positioning, plays good damping, buffering Effect.
2, intermediate strong flexible polymer is using rubber as material of main part, and structure type uses wavelike structure, due to rubber Glue material has good viscoplasticity and reversible large deformation ability, has both alleviated shock loading in this way caused by drive shaft system It influences, also compensates for and absorb displacement deformation that is lateral, radially and angularly generating, be finally reached protection system and effective transmission The purpose of torque.
3, in shaft coupling both sides metal material part, material is stainless steel.I designs a kind of special construction as shown in the figure, The design of such structure, which connects rubber material with the heat cure of the material of metal, plays crucial effect, realizes connection peace Full purpose.
4, the performances such as mechanical and physical performance of intermediate rubber part such as hardness, intensity, resilience and wearability are adjustable, It can be adjusted according to the different torques of motor, the motor of different torques is can adapt to according to the shaft coupling of such design, It is finally reached the purpose of positioning accuracy.
5, the configuration of the present invention is simple, it is easy for installation, it is fixed using jackscrew and motor, since rubber has reversible large deformation Ability, therefore the structure of such design is relatively low to installation requirement.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the section of rubber composite coupler, equipment and the micro machine for connecting equipment and micro machine of the present invention Schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the amplification profile schematic diagram of two connectors and rubber sleeve in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 be in Fig. 1 two connectors and rubber sleeve under the state of not stressing with signal when equipment axis and motor axis connection Figure;
Fig. 4 be in Fig. 1 two connectors and rubber sleeve under by axial force state with when equipment axis and motor axis connection Schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 be in Fig. 1 two connectors and rubber sleeve under by radial load state with when equipment axis and motor axis connection Schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is that two connectors and rubber sleeve are shown when under by torque condition with equipment axis and motor axis connection in Fig. 1 It is intended to.
In Fig. 1 to Fig. 6, label 1 is equipment;Label 2 is connector;Label 3 is equipment axis;Label 4 is rubber sleeve;Label 5 be fixing sleeve;Label 6 is motor shaft;Label 7 is micro machine;Label 8 is groove;Label 9 is ripple;Label 10 is top wire hole.
Specific implementation mode
The rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine of the present invention, fills in equipment 1 on micro machine 7 respectively There are the equipment axis 3 and motor shaft 6, rubber composite coupler to include:4, two connectors 2 of rubber sleeve and fixing sleeve 5, two connectors 2 divide Not at the both ends of rubber sleeve 4, two connectors 2 are respectively cylindrical sleeves.Divide in two 2 axial directions of connector close to rubber sleeve 4 It does not open there are one the groove 8 along 2 circumferencial direction of connector, the rubber at the both ends of rubber sleeve 4 sulphur by way of heat cure respectively Change in the groove 8 of two connectors 2 so that two connectors 2 and rubber sleeve 4 are combined as a whole, and rubber sleeve 4 is cylinder type rubber Set, there is several ripples 9 respectively on the outer wall and inner wall of cylinder type rubber sleeve, on the axial direction along rubber sleeve 4, rubber The wall thickness of set 4 is identical, and identical as the wall thickness of the cylindrical sleeves of connector 2.Equipment axis 3 and motor shaft 6 are attached separately to two In the cylindrical sleeves of a connector 2, at least two top wire holes 10 are radially had in two connectors 2, such as:Along institute State two 2 circumferencial directions of connector equably open respectively there are three or four top wire holes 10.Jackscrew is housed in top wire hole 10, it will Motor shaft 6 or equipment axis 3 are separately fixed on two connectors 2, and fixing sleeve 5 is sleeved on the circumference of rubber sleeve 4 and two connectors 2 Outside, one end of fixing sleeve 5 is connected by screw with micro machine 7, and the other end is connected by screw with equipment 1, the length of fixing sleeve 5 Slightly larger than the summation of rubber sleeve 4 and two 2 length of connector, i.e., the length of fixing sleeve 5 is than rubber sleeve 4 and two 2 length of connector The long 10-30mm of summation, to keep the distance between equipment axis 3 and motor shaft 6 constant
Two connectors 2 are made of stainless steel material.The rubber sleeve 4 is made of rubber material, and shore hardness A is 50- 80 °, tensile strength 15-28Mpa.
In the installation of the rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine of the present invention, first, by micro machine 7 It is installed together with motor shaft 6, is then fitted together a connector 2 by jackscrew and motor shaft 6, then by another connector 2 It is fitted together by jackscrew and equipment axis 3, then fixing sleeve 5 is sleeved on outside the circumference of two connectors 2 and rubber sleeve 4, make fixation One end of set 5 links together with micro machine 7, finally by equipment 1 on the equipment axis 3, makes the another of equipment 1 and fixing sleeve 5 One end is connected.Can be seen that from Fig. 3 to Fig. 6 the present invention for connect the rubber composite coupler of equipment and micro machine by To in the state of axial force, radial load and torque, multidirectional can adjust, connect it is safe and easy for installation, and have good damping Effect.
Embodiment described above is only that the preferred embodiment of the present invention is described, not to the model of the present invention It encloses and is defined, under the premise of not departing from design spirit of the present invention, technical side of the those of ordinary skill in the art to the present invention The various modifications and improvement that case is made should all be fallen into the protection domain of claims of the present invention determination.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine is respectively provided in equipment (1) on micro machine (7) Equipment axis (3) and motor shaft (6), rubber composite coupler include:Rubber sleeve (4), two connectors (2) and fixing sleeve (5), two For connector (2) respectively at the both ends of rubber sleeve (4), connector (2) is cylindrical sleeves, it is characterised in that:Close to rubber sleeve (4) A groove (8) along connector (2) circumferencial direction, the rubber at rubber sleeve (4) both ends are had in two connector (2) axial directions Vulcanized by way of heat cure respectively in the groove (8) of two connectors (2) so that two connectors (2) and rubber sleeve (4) knot It is integrated, rubber sleeve (4) is cylinder type rubber sleeve, has several ripples respectively on the outer wall and inner wall of cylinder type rubber sleeve (9), equipment axis (3) and motor shaft (6) are attached separately in the cylindrical sleeves of two connectors (2), in the radial direction of two connectors (2) On have at least two top wire holes (10), in top wire hole (10) be equipped with jackscrew, by motor shaft (6) or equipment axis (3) It is separately fixed on two connectors (2), fixing sleeve (5) is sleeved on outside rubber sleeve (4) and the circumference of two connectors (2), fixing sleeve (5) one end is connected with micro machine (7), and the other end is connected with equipment (1), the length of fixing sleeve (5) slightly larger than rubber sleeve (4) and The summation of two connector (2) length, to keep the distance between equipment axis (3) and motor shaft (6) constant.
2. being used for the rubber composite coupler of micro machine as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fixing sleeve (5) Length is longer 10-30mm than the summation of rubber sleeve (4) and two connector (2) length.
3. the rubber composite coupler as claimed in claim 2 for connecting equipment and micro machine, it is characterised in that:Along rubber On the axial direction of gum cover (4), the wall thickness of rubber sleeve (4) is identical.
4. the rubber composite coupler as claimed in claim 3 for connecting equipment and micro machine, it is characterised in that:The rubber The wall thickness of gum cover (4) is identical as the wall thickness of cylindrical sleeves of connector (2).
5. the rubber composite coupler as claimed in claim 4 for connecting equipment and micro machine, it is characterised in that:Along institute State two connector (2) circumferencial directions equably open respectively there are three or four top wire holes (10).
6. the rubber composite coupler as claimed in claim 5 for connecting equipment and micro machine, it is characterised in that:It is described solid One end of fixed set (5) is connected by screw with micro machine (7), and the other end is connected by screw with equipment (1).
7. the rubber composite coupler as claimed in claim 6 for connecting equipment and micro machine, it is characterised in that:Described two A connector (2) is made of stainless steel material.
8. the rubber composite coupler as claimed in claim 7 for connecting equipment and micro machine, it is characterised in that:The rubber Gum cover (4) is made of rubber material, and shore hardness A is 50-80 °, tensile strength 15-28Mpa.
CN201810568472.5A 2018-06-05 2018-06-05 Rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine Pending CN108488250A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810568472.5A CN108488250A (en) 2018-06-05 2018-06-05 Rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810568472.5A CN108488250A (en) 2018-06-05 2018-06-05 Rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108488250A true CN108488250A (en) 2018-09-04

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ID=63342089

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810568472.5A Pending CN108488250A (en) 2018-06-05 2018-06-05 Rubber composite coupler for connecting equipment and micro machine

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN108488250A (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1178706A (en) * 1966-10-13 1970-01-21 Dunlop Co Ltd Flexible Couplings
US6514146B1 (en) * 2002-02-26 2003-02-04 Kinzou Shinozuka Low vibration shielded bellows shaft coupling
RU92498U1 (en) * 2009-12-02 2010-03-20 ЗАО Промышленно-торговая компания "Экотайз" RUBBER CORD COUPLING OF THE COUPLING
CN102297209A (en) * 2011-09-22 2011-12-28 丹东克隆集团有限责任公司 High-elasticity coupler
CN203836000U (en) * 2014-05-12 2014-09-17 温岭市宇龙宣机电有限公司 Combined coupler
CN208311292U (en) * 2018-06-05 2019-01-01 北京市城南橡塑技术研究所 For connecting the rubber composite coupler of equipment and micro machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1178706A (en) * 1966-10-13 1970-01-21 Dunlop Co Ltd Flexible Couplings
US6514146B1 (en) * 2002-02-26 2003-02-04 Kinzou Shinozuka Low vibration shielded bellows shaft coupling
RU92498U1 (en) * 2009-12-02 2010-03-20 ЗАО Промышленно-торговая компания "Экотайз" RUBBER CORD COUPLING OF THE COUPLING
CN102297209A (en) * 2011-09-22 2011-12-28 丹东克隆集团有限责任公司 High-elasticity coupler
CN203836000U (en) * 2014-05-12 2014-09-17 温岭市宇龙宣机电有限公司 Combined coupler
CN208311292U (en) * 2018-06-05 2019-01-01 北京市城南橡塑技术研究所 For connecting the rubber composite coupler of equipment and micro machine

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Inventor after: Tian Dan

Inventor after: Liu Chunsheng

Inventor after: Xu Hongbin

Inventor after: Guan Ruike

Inventor after: Dou Chenghua

Inventor before: Tian Dan

Inventor before: Liu Chunsheng