CN108441658B - High-strength magnesium alloy capable of rapidly reacting with medium and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

High-strength magnesium alloy capable of rapidly reacting with medium and preparation method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN108441658B
CN108441658B CN201810180703.5A CN201810180703A CN108441658B CN 108441658 B CN108441658 B CN 108441658B CN 201810180703 A CN201810180703 A CN 201810180703A CN 108441658 B CN108441658 B CN 108441658B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
magnesium
intermediate alloy
aluminum
parts
alloy
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201810180703.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108441658A (en
Inventor
胡毅
唐廷基
吴蓉
骆晓楠
胡蓉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing Yilian Technology Development Co ltd
Original Assignee
Beijing Yilian Technology Development Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Yilian Technology Development Co ltd filed Critical Beijing Yilian Technology Development Co ltd
Priority to CN201810180703.5A priority Critical patent/CN108441658B/en
Publication of CN108441658A publication Critical patent/CN108441658A/en
Priority to US16/290,933 priority patent/US20190271061A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108441658B publication Critical patent/CN108441658B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C1/00Making non-ferrous alloys
    • C22C1/02Making non-ferrous alloys by melting
    • C22C1/03Making non-ferrous alloys by melting using master alloys
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C1/00Making non-ferrous alloys
    • C22C1/02Making non-ferrous alloys by melting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C1/00Making non-ferrous alloys
    • C22C1/06Making non-ferrous alloys with the use of special agents for refining or deoxidising
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C23/00Alloys based on magnesium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C23/00Alloys based on magnesium
    • C22C23/02Alloys based on magnesium with aluminium as the next major constituent
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C23/00Alloys based on magnesium
    • C22C23/04Alloys based on magnesium with zinc or cadmium as the next major constituent
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C23/00Alloys based on magnesium
    • C22C23/06Alloys based on magnesium with a rare earth metal as the next major constituent
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22FCHANGING THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF NON-FERROUS METALS AND NON-FERROUS ALLOYS
    • C22F1/00Changing the physical structure of non-ferrous metals or alloys by heat treatment or by hot or cold working
    • C22F1/06Changing the physical structure of non-ferrous metals or alloys by heat treatment or by hot or cold working of magnesium or alloys based thereon

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of metal materials, in particular to a high-strength magnesium alloy capable of rapidly reacting with a medium and a preparation method thereof. The high-strength magnesium alloy which reacts with the medium quickly comprises gadolinium, yttrium, aluminum, zinc, zirconium, rhenium, silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium, indium, beryllium, calcium and magnesium. Adding mixed reaction promoting elements (MRAE) such as Si, Ni, Ga, In and the like into the magnesium alloy, wherein phases formed by the elements and magnesium can destroy the continuity of magnesium hydroxide In the reaction process of magnesium and a medium, thereby achieving the effect of promoting the reaction of magnesium and the medium; the reaction rate of the magnesium alloy and the medium is adjusted by regulating and controlling the proportion of each element in the magnesium alloy, so that the controllable range is wider, and meanwhile, the magnesium alloy material has flexibility, thereby enabling the magnesium alloy to meet the application requirements in the industrial field.

Description

High-strength magnesium alloy capable of rapidly reacting with medium and preparation method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of metal materials, in particular to a high-strength magnesium alloy capable of rapidly reacting with a medium and a preparation method thereof.
Background
The magnesium alloy is formed by adding other elements into magnesium as a base. The high-strength high-impact-resistance aluminum alloy has the characteristics of small density (about 1.8g/cm3 magnesium alloy), high specific strength, large specific modulus, good heat dissipation, good shock absorption, large impact load bearing capacity compared with aluminum alloy, and good organic matter and alkali corrosion resistance. The method has wide application in various industrial fields, and is mainly used in aviation, aerospace, transportation, chemical engineering, rockets and other industrial departments. The lightest of the practical metals, magnesium has a specific gravity of about 2/3 for aluminum and 1/4 for iron. It is the lightest metal of practical metals, and has high strength and high rigidity. On the other hand, the magnesium alloy is active in chemical properties in the existing material, and can be applied to the industrial field requiring that the structural material has the degradation capability.
Although the magnesium alloy has active chemical properties, the reaction speed of magnesium with water and a water-oil mixture is very weak at normal temperature, and the main reason is that magnesium hydroxide generated by the reaction can prevent the magnesium from further reacting with a medium, and only a slow reaction can be observed even if the magnesium is heated to boiling. Because the reaction rate of the conventional magnesium alloy and a medium is low in a certain temperature range and the controllable range is narrow, the requirement of industrial application cannot be met. The alloying method improves the rate of the chemical reaction between the magnesium alloy and the medium, and simultaneously keeps the high strength of the magnesium alloy, thereby having very important significance for manufacturing structural and functional integrated components.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a high-strength magnesium alloy which can react with a medium quickly and a preparation method thereof, so as to solve the problems in the prior art.
The purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme: a high-strength magnesium alloy which can react with medium quickly contains gadolinium, yttrium, aluminium, zinc, zirconium, rhenium, silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium, indium, beryllium, calcium and magnesium.
Further, the coating comprises the following components in parts by mass: 1.0-8.0 parts of gadolinium, 1.0-3.0 parts of yttrium, 0.6-1.5 parts of aluminum, 0.5-6.5 parts of zinc, 0.1-0.5 part of zirconium, 0-2.0 parts of rhenium, 0.05-2.0 parts of total amount of silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium and indium, 0.1-0.5 part of beryllium and calcium and 83-97 parts of magnesium.
Further, the coating comprises the following components in parts by mass: 3.0 to 6.0 parts of gadolinium, 1.5 to 2.5 parts of yttrium, 0.8 to 1.2 parts of aluminum, 2.0 to 5.0 parts of zinc, 0.2 to 0.4 part of zirconium, 1.0 to 1.5 parts of rhenium, 0.1 to 1.5 parts of the total amount of silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium and indium, 0.2 to 0.4 part of beryllium and calcium and 85 to 95 parts of magnesium.
Further, the coating comprises the following components in parts by mass: 5.0 parts of gadolinium, 2.0 parts of yttrium, 1.0 part of aluminum, 4.0 parts of zinc, 0.3 part of zirconium, 1.3 parts of rhenium, 1.0 part of the total amount of silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium and indium, 0.3 part of beryllium and calcium and 90 parts of magnesium.
A preparation method of a high-strength magnesium alloy which can react with a medium rapidly comprises the following steps: weighing magnesium, aluminum, zinc, nickel, gallium, indium, magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, magnesium zirconium intermediate alloy, aluminum silicon intermediate alloy and aluminum iron intermediate alloy; preheating magnesium, aluminum, zinc, nickel, magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, aluminum silicon intermediate alloy and aluminum iron intermediate alloy; mixing the metal materials, and decomposing the metal materials after smelting, covering and refining treatment to obtain gadolinium, yttrium, aluminum, zinc, zirconium, rhenium, silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium, indium, beryllium, calcium and magnesium; then casting to obtain an ingot; carrying out heat preservation and heat treatment on the cast ingot; then carrying out thermal deformation processing on the cast ingot to obtain a forging piece; and carrying out heat preservation treatment on the forged piece to obtain the high-strength magnesium alloy which rapidly reacts with a medium.
Further, the preheating temperature is 100-300 ℃, and the time is 5-10 h.
Further, covering agent is adopted for covering, refining agent 1 or refining agent 2 is adopted for refining, and the pouring temperature is 670-.
Further, the covering agent comprises 35-41% MgCl2、25-29%KCl、24-28%NaCl、6-10%CaCl2Insoluble substances are less than or equal to 1.5, MgO is less than or equal to 1.5, and water content is less than or equal to 2; refining agent 1 comprises 24-30% MgCl2、20-26%KCl、28-31%BaCl2、13-15%CaF2、1-7%NaCl、1-7%CaCl2Insoluble substances are less than or equal to 1.5, MgO is less than or equal to 1.5, and water content is less than or equal to 2; refining agent 2 comprises 54-56% of KCl and 14-16% of BaCl2、3-5%CaF2、27-29%CaCl2Insoluble matter is less than or equal to 1.5, MgO is less than or equal to 1.5, and water content is less than or equal to 1.5.
Further, the condition of the ingot heat-preservation heat treatment is that the temperature is 450-540 ℃ for 8-48 h; the thermal deformation processing temperature is 350-450 ℃.
Further, the heat preservation condition of the heat preservation treatment of the forge piece is 20-600h at the room temperature of-250 ℃.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
1. adding mixed reaction promoting elements (MRAE) such as Si, Ni, Ga, In and the like into the magnesium alloy, wherein phases formed by the elements and magnesium can destroy the continuity of magnesium hydroxide In the reaction process of magnesium and a medium, thereby achieving the effect of promoting the reaction of magnesium and the medium;
2. the reaction rate of the magnesium alloy and the medium is adjusted by regulating and controlling the proportion of each element in the magnesium alloy, so that the controllable range is wider, and meanwhile, the magnesium alloy material has flexibility, thereby enabling the magnesium alloy to meet the application requirements in the industrial field;
3. the mechanical properties of the magnesium alloy, such as tensile strength, yield strength and the like, are improved by adding gadolinium and yttrium into the magnesium alloy.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the following embodiments, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The high-strength magnesium alloy capable of rapidly reacting with a medium comprises gadolinium, yttrium, aluminum, zinc, zirconium, rhenium, silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium, indium, beryllium, calcium and magnesium.
Rhenium, copper, beryllium and calcium in the magnesium alloy belong to impurity elements.
Gadolinium and yttrium in the magnesium alloy are used for improving the mechanical properties (tensile strength, yield strength and the like) of the magnesium alloy; the elements of copper, nickel, gallium and indium are used for improving the solubility of other various metal elements; the reaction rate of the magnesium alloy and the medium is improved by the copper, the nickel, the gallium, the indium and the silicon in the magnesium alloy; other elements in the magnesium alloy, such as aluminum, zinc, zirconium, rhenium, iron, beryllium and calcium, play a role in catalyzing the improvement of the mechanical properties of the magnesium alloy.
The high-strength magnesium alloy capable of rapidly reacting with a medium comprises the following components in parts by mass: 1.0-8.0 parts of gadolinium, 1.0-3.0 parts of yttrium, 0.6-1.5 parts of aluminum, 0.5-6.5 parts of zinc, 0.1-0.5 part of zirconium, 0-2.0 parts of rhenium, 0.05-2.0 parts of total amount of silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium and indium, 0.1-0.5 part of beryllium and calcium and 83-97 parts of magnesium.
Preferably, the high-strength magnesium alloy which reacts rapidly with the medium comprises the following components in parts by mass: 3.0 to 6.0 parts of gadolinium, 1.5 to 2.5 parts of yttrium, 0.8 to 1.2 parts of aluminum, 2.0 to 5.0 parts of zinc, 0.2 to 0.4 part of zirconium, 1.0 to 1.5 parts of rhenium, 0.1 to 1.5 parts of the total amount of silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium and indium, 0.2 to 0.4 part of beryllium and calcium and 85 to 95 parts of magnesium.
More preferably, the high-strength magnesium alloy that reacts rapidly with a medium includes, in parts by mass: 5.0 parts of gadolinium, 2.0 parts of yttrium, 1.0 part of aluminum, 4.0 parts of zinc, 0.3 part of zirconium, 1.3 parts of rhenium, 1.0 part of the total amount of silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium and indium, 0.3 part of beryllium and calcium and 90 parts of magnesium.
Adding mixed reaction promoting elements (MRAE) such as Si, Ni, Ga, In and the like into the magnesium alloy, wherein phases formed by the elements and magnesium can destroy the continuity of magnesium hydroxide In the reaction process of magnesium and a medium, thereby achieving the effect of promoting the reaction of magnesium and the medium; the mechanical properties of the magnesium alloy, such as tensile strength, yield strength and the like, are improved by adding gadolinium and yttrium into the magnesium alloy.
The preparation method of the high-strength magnesium alloy which reacts with the medium rapidly comprises the following steps:
weighing raw materials such as magnesium, magnesium-gadolinium intermediate alloy, magnesium-yttrium intermediate alloy, magnesium-zirconium intermediate alloy, aluminum, zinc, aluminum-silicon intermediate alloy, aluminum-iron intermediate alloy, nickel, gallium, indium and the like, wherein the magnesium, the magnesium-gadolinium intermediate alloy, the magnesium-yttrium intermediate alloy, the aluminum, the zinc, the aluminum-silicon intermediate alloy, the aluminum-iron intermediate alloy and the nickel are preheated for 5-10 hours at the temperature of 100-300 ℃;
mixing the raw materials, smelting by adopting a crucible resistance furnace, adding a covering agent for covering, refining by using a refining agent 1 or 2, uniformly mixing the components, removing impurities, and pouring at 670-750 ℃ to obtain an ingot;
carrying out homogenization heat treatment on the ingot at the temperature of 450-540 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 8-48 h;
forging the cast ingot at the temperature of 350-450 ℃ to obtain a forging piece;
and carrying out aging heat treatment on the forging piece at the room temperature of-250 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 20-600 h.
The reaction rate of the magnesium alloy and the medium is adjusted by regulating and controlling the proportion of each element in the magnesium alloy, so that the controllable range is wider, and meanwhile, the magnesium alloy material has flexibility, thereby enabling the magnesium alloy to meet the application requirements in the industrial field.
The invention adopts the magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, the magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, the magnesium zirconium intermediate alloy, the aluminum silicon intermediate alloy and the aluminum iron intermediate alloy as the raw materials, and the reason is that the metal gadolinium, yttrium, zirconium, silicon and iron are not easy to dissolve, and the magnesium alloy can not be obtained finally.
The covering agent, refining agent 1 or refining agent 2 will be described in detail below.
The covering agent comprises 35-41% of MgCl2、25-29%KCl、24-28%NaCl、6-10%CaCl2Insoluble substances are less than or equal to 1.5, MgO is less than or equal to 1.5, and water content is less than or equal to 2;
refining agent 1 comprises 24-30% MgCl2、20-26%KCl、28-31%BaCl2、13-15%CaF2、1-7%NaCl、1-7%CaCl2Insoluble substances are less than or equal to 1.5, MgO is less than or equal to 1.5, and water content is less than or equal to 2;
refining agent 2 comprises 54-56% of KCl and 14-16% of BaCl2、3-5%CaF2、27-29%CaCl2Insoluble matter is less than or equal to 1.5, MgO is less than or equal to 1.5, and water content is less than or equal to 1.5.
Example 1
5.0 parts of gadolinium, 2.0 parts of yttrium, 1.0 part of aluminum, 4.0 parts of zinc, 0.3 part of zirconium, 1.3 parts of rhenium, 1.0 part of the total amount of silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium and indium, 0.1 part of beryllium and calcium and 90 parts of magnesium.
The preparation method comprises the following steps:
weighing raw materials such as magnesium, a magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, a magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, a magnesium zirconium intermediate alloy, aluminum, zinc, an aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, an aluminum iron intermediate alloy, nickel, gallium, indium and the like, wherein the magnesium, the magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, the magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, the aluminum, the zinc, the aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, the aluminum iron intermediate alloy and the nickel are preheated for 5 hours at 100 ℃;
mixing the raw materials, smelting by adopting a crucible resistance furnace, adding a covering agent for covering, refining by using a refining agent 1, uniformly mixing the components, removing impurities, and pouring at 670 ℃ to obtain an ingot;
carrying out homogenization heat treatment on the cast ingot at 450 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 8 h;
forging the cast ingot at 350 ℃ to obtain a forged piece;
and (3) carrying out aging heat treatment on the forging at room temperature, wherein the treatment time is 20 h.
Example 2
1.0 part of gadolinium, 3.0 parts of yttrium, 0.6 part of aluminum, 6.5 parts of zinc, 0.1 part of zirconium, 2.0 parts of rhenium, 0.05 part of total amount of silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium and indium, 0.2 part of beryllium and calcium and 83 parts of magnesium.
Weighing raw materials such as magnesium, a magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, a magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, a magnesium zirconium intermediate alloy, aluminum, zinc, an aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, an aluminum iron intermediate alloy, nickel, gallium, indium and the like, wherein the magnesium, the magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, the magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, the aluminum, the zinc, the aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, the aluminum iron intermediate alloy and the nickel are preheated for 10 hours at 300 ℃;
mixing the raw materials, smelting by adopting a crucible resistance furnace, adding a covering agent for covering, refining by using a refining agent 2, uniformly mixing the components, removing impurities, and pouring at 750 ℃ to obtain an ingot;
carrying out homogenization heat treatment on the cast ingot at 540 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 48 h;
forging the cast ingot at 450 ℃ to obtain a forged piece;
and (3) carrying out aging heat treatment on the forging piece at 250 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 600 h.
Example 3
8.0 parts of gadolinium, 1.0 part of yttrium, 1.5 parts of aluminum, 0.5 part of zinc, 0.5 part of zirconium, 0 part of rhenium, 2.0 parts of the total amount of silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium and indium, 0.3 part of beryllium and calcium and 97 parts of magnesium.
Weighing raw materials such as magnesium, a magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, a magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, a magnesium zirconium intermediate alloy, aluminum, zinc, an aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, an aluminum iron intermediate alloy, nickel, gallium, indium and the like, wherein the magnesium, the magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, the magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, the aluminum, the zinc, the aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, the aluminum iron intermediate alloy and the nickel are preheated for 6 hours at 200 ℃;
mixing the raw materials, smelting by adopting a crucible resistance furnace, adding a covering agent for covering, refining by using a refining agent 1, uniformly mixing the components, removing impurities, and pouring at 700 ℃ to obtain an ingot;
carrying out homogenization heat treatment on the cast ingot at 500 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 20 h;
forging the cast ingot at 400 ℃ to obtain a forged piece;
and (3) carrying out aging heat treatment on the forging at 100 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 100 h.
Example 4
3.0 parts of gadolinium, 2.5 parts of yttrium, 0.8 part of aluminum, 5.0 parts of zinc, 0.2 part of zirconium, 1.5 parts of rhenium, 0.1 part of total amount of silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium and indium, 0.4 part of beryllium and calcium and 85 parts of magnesium.
Weighing raw materials such as magnesium, a magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, a magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, a magnesium zirconium intermediate alloy, aluminum, zinc, an aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, an aluminum iron intermediate alloy, nickel, gallium, indium and the like, wherein the magnesium, the magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, the magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, the aluminum, the zinc, the aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, the aluminum iron intermediate alloy and the nickel are preheated for 7 hours at 150 ℃;
mixing the raw materials, smelting by adopting a crucible resistance furnace, adding a covering agent for covering, refining by using a refining agent 2, uniformly mixing the components, removing impurities, and pouring at 680 ℃ to obtain an ingot;
carrying out homogenization heat treatment on the cast ingot at 480 ℃ for 15 h;
forging and processing the cast ingot at 370 ℃ to obtain a forged piece;
and (3) carrying out aging heat treatment on the forging at 150 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 200 h.
Example 5
6.0 parts of gadolinium, 1.5 parts of yttrium, 1.2 parts of aluminum, 2.0 parts of zinc, 0.4 part of zirconium, 1.0 part of rhenium, 1.5 parts of total amount of silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium and indium, 0.5 part of beryllium and calcium and 95 parts of magnesium.
Weighing raw materials such as magnesium, a magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, a magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, a magnesium zirconium intermediate alloy, aluminum, zinc, an aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, an aluminum iron intermediate alloy, nickel, gallium, indium and the like, wherein the magnesium, the magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, the magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, the aluminum, the zinc, the aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, the aluminum iron intermediate alloy and the nickel are preheated for 8 hours at 210 ℃;
mixing the raw materials, smelting by adopting a crucible resistance furnace, adding a covering agent for covering, refining by using a refining agent 1, uniformly mixing the components, removing impurities, and pouring at 720 ℃ to obtain an ingot;
carrying out homogenization heat treatment on the ingot at 510 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 23 h;
forging and processing the cast ingot at 410 ℃ to obtain a forged piece;
and (3) carrying out aging heat treatment on the forging at 170 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 300 h.
Example 6
2.0 parts of gadolinium, 2.8 parts of yttrium, 0.7 part of aluminum, 6.0 parts of zinc, 0.15 part of zirconium, 1.8 parts of rhenium, 0.08 part of total amount of silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium and indium, 0.15 part of beryllium and calcium and 84 parts of magnesium.
Weighing raw materials such as magnesium, a magnesium-gadolinium intermediate alloy, a magnesium-yttrium intermediate alloy, a magnesium-zirconium intermediate alloy, aluminum, zinc, an aluminum-silicon intermediate alloy, an aluminum-iron intermediate alloy, nickel, gallium, indium and the like, wherein the magnesium, the magnesium-gadolinium intermediate alloy, the magnesium-yttrium intermediate alloy, the aluminum, the zinc, the aluminum-silicon intermediate alloy, the aluminum-iron intermediate alloy and the nickel are preheated for 8 hours at 230 ℃;
mixing the raw materials, smelting by adopting a crucible resistance furnace, adding a covering agent for covering, refining by using a refining agent 2, uniformly mixing the components, removing impurities, and pouring at 730 ℃ to obtain an ingot;
carrying out homogenization heat treatment on the cast ingot at 530 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 33 h;
forging and processing the cast ingot at 440 ℃ to obtain a forged piece;
and (3) carrying out aging heat treatment on the forging at 220 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 400 h.
Example 7
7.0 parts of gadolinium, 1.3 parts of yttrium, 1.4 parts of aluminum, 1.0 part of zinc, 0.45 part of zirconium, 0.5 part of rhenium, 1.8 parts of total amount of silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium and indium, 0.45 part of beryllium and calcium and 96 parts of magnesium.
Weighing raw materials such as magnesium, a magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, a magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, a magnesium zirconium intermediate alloy, aluminum, zinc, an aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, an aluminum iron intermediate alloy, nickel, gallium, indium and the like, wherein the magnesium, the magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, the magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, the aluminum, the zinc, the aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, the aluminum iron intermediate alloy and the nickel are preheated for 9 hours at 290 ℃;
mixing the raw materials, smelting by adopting a crucible resistance furnace, adding a covering agent for covering, refining by using a refining agent 1, uniformly mixing the components, removing impurities, and pouring at 740 ℃ to obtain an ingot;
carrying out homogenization heat treatment on the cast ingot at 530 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 40 h;
forging and processing the cast ingot at 420 ℃ to obtain a forged piece;
and (3) carrying out aging heat treatment on the forging at 240 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 500 h.
Comparative example 1 (containing no Si, Cu, Fe, Ni, Ga, in)
5.0 parts of gadolinium, 2.0 parts of yttrium, 1.0 part of aluminum, 4.0 parts of zinc, 0.3 part of zirconium, 1.3 parts of rhenium, 0.3 part of beryllium and calcium and 90 parts of magnesium.
The preparation method comprises the following steps:
weighing raw materials such as magnesium, a magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, a magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, a magnesium zirconium intermediate alloy, aluminum, zinc, an aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, an aluminum iron intermediate alloy, nickel, gallium, indium and the like, wherein the magnesium, the magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, the magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, the aluminum, the zinc, the aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, the aluminum iron intermediate alloy and the nickel are preheated for 8 hours at 200 ℃;
mixing the raw materials, smelting by adopting a crucible resistance furnace, adding a covering agent for covering, refining by using a refining agent 1, uniformly mixing the components, removing impurities, and pouring at 700 ℃ to obtain an ingot;
carrying out homogenization heat treatment on the cast ingot at 500 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 30 h;
forging the cast ingot at 400 ℃ to obtain a forged piece;
and (3) carrying out aging heat treatment on the forging at 100 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 300 h.
As a result: the magnesium alloy obtained in comparative example 1 did not react with the medium at room temperature.
Comparative example 2 (changing homogenization Heat treatment conditions)
5.0 parts of gadolinium, 2.0 parts of yttrium, 1.0 part of aluminum, 4.0 parts of zinc, 0.3 part of zirconium, 1.3 parts of rhenium, 1.0 part of the total amount of silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium and indium, 0.3 part of beryllium and calcium and 90 parts of magnesium.
Weighing raw materials such as magnesium, a magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, a magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, a magnesium zirconium intermediate alloy, aluminum, zinc, an aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, an aluminum iron intermediate alloy, nickel, gallium, indium and the like, wherein the magnesium, the magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, the magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, the aluminum, the zinc, the aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, the aluminum iron intermediate alloy and the nickel are preheated for 8 hours at 200 ℃;
mixing the raw materials, smelting by adopting a crucible resistance furnace, adding a covering agent for covering, refining by using a refining agent 2, uniformly mixing the components, removing impurities, and pouring at 700 ℃ to obtain an ingot;
carrying out homogenization heat treatment on the cast ingot at 550 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 30 h;
forging the cast ingot at 400 ℃ to obtain a forged piece;
and (3) carrying out aging heat treatment on the forging at 100 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 300 h.
Comparative example 3 (without hot deformation processing)
5.0 parts of gadolinium, 2.0 parts of yttrium, 1.0 part of aluminum, 4.0 parts of zinc, 0.3 part of zirconium, 1.3 parts of rhenium, 1.0 part of the total amount of silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium and indium, 0.3 part of beryllium and calcium and 90 parts of magnesium.
Weighing raw materials such as magnesium, a magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, a magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, a magnesium zirconium intermediate alloy, aluminum, zinc, an aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, an aluminum iron intermediate alloy, nickel, gallium, indium and the like, wherein the magnesium, the magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, the magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, the aluminum, the zinc, the aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, the aluminum iron intermediate alloy and the nickel are preheated for 8 hours at 200 ℃;
mixing the raw materials, smelting by adopting a crucible resistance furnace, adding a covering agent for covering, refining by using a refining agent 2, uniformly mixing the components, removing impurities, and pouring at 700 ℃ to obtain an ingot;
carrying out homogenization heat treatment on the cast ingot at 500 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 30 h;
carrying out aging heat treatment at 100 ℃ for 300 h.
As a result: magnesium alloy is severely embrittled, and the elongation after fracture is only 1-3%.
The mechanical properties of the magnesium alloys of examples 1 to 7 and comparative examples 1 to 3 were determined according to GB/T228.1-2010, and are shown in Table 1.
TABLE 1 mechanical Properties of the magnesium alloys of examples 1-7 and comparative examples 1-3
Figure BDA0001588703360000111
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit the same; while the invention has been described in detail and with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some or all of the technical features may be equivalently replaced; and the modifications or the substitutions do not make the essence of the corresponding technical solutions depart from the scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. A preparation method of a high-strength magnesium alloy which can react with a medium rapidly is characterized by comprising the following steps:
weighing raw materials of magnesium, a magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, a magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, a magnesium zirconium intermediate alloy, aluminum, zinc, an aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, an aluminum iron intermediate alloy, nickel, gallium and indium, wherein the magnesium, the magnesium gadolinium intermediate alloy, the magnesium yttrium intermediate alloy, the aluminum, the zinc, the aluminum silicon intermediate alloy, the aluminum iron intermediate alloy and the nickel are preheated for 6 hours at 200 ℃;
mixing the raw materials, smelting by adopting a crucible resistance furnace, adding a covering agent for covering, refining by using a refining agent 1, uniformly mixing the components, removing impurities, and pouring at 700 ℃ to obtain an ingot;
carrying out homogenization heat treatment on the cast ingot at 500 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 20 h;
forging the cast ingot at 400 ℃ to obtain a forged piece;
carrying out aging heat treatment on the forge piece at 100 ℃, wherein the treatment time is 100 h;
the high-strength magnesium alloy capable of rapidly reacting with a medium comprises the following components in parts by mass:
8.0 parts of gadolinium, 1.0 part of yttrium, 1.5 parts of aluminum, 0.5 part of zinc, 0.5 part of zirconium, 0 part of rhenium, 2.0 parts of the total amount of silicon, copper, iron, nickel, gallium and indium, 0.3 part of beryllium and calcium and 97 parts of magnesium;
covering agent is adopted for covering, and refining agent 1 is adopted for refining;
the covering agent comprises 35-41% of MgCl2、25-29%KCl、24-28%NaCl、6-10%CaCl2Insoluble substances are less than or equal to 1.5, MgO is less than or equal to 1.5, and water content is less than or equal to 2;
refining agent 1 comprises 24-30% MgCl2、20-26%KCl、28-31%BaCl2、13-15%CaF2、1-7%NaCl、1-7%CaCl2Insoluble matter is less than or equal to 1.5, MgO is less than or equal to 1.5, and water content is less than or equal to 2.
CN201810180703.5A 2018-03-05 2018-03-05 High-strength magnesium alloy capable of rapidly reacting with medium and preparation method thereof Active CN108441658B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810180703.5A CN108441658B (en) 2018-03-05 2018-03-05 High-strength magnesium alloy capable of rapidly reacting with medium and preparation method thereof
US16/290,933 US20190271061A1 (en) 2018-03-05 2019-03-03 High-strength magnesium alloy which can rapidly react with a medium and a production process thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810180703.5A CN108441658B (en) 2018-03-05 2018-03-05 High-strength magnesium alloy capable of rapidly reacting with medium and preparation method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108441658A CN108441658A (en) 2018-08-24
CN108441658B true CN108441658B (en) 2020-09-22

Family

ID=63193487

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810180703.5A Active CN108441658B (en) 2018-03-05 2018-03-05 High-strength magnesium alloy capable of rapidly reacting with medium and preparation method thereof

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US20190271061A1 (en)
CN (1) CN108441658B (en)

Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110184518B (en) * 2019-04-24 2020-10-27 北京易联结科技发展有限公司 Rapidly-dissolved high-strength high-elongation magnesium alloy and preparation method thereof
CN111004952B (en) * 2019-12-30 2021-05-18 南京龙超金属制造科技有限公司 High-performance magnesium alloy material coated with high-molecular polymer layer and preparation method thereof
US20230193434A1 (en) * 2020-09-17 2023-06-22 Sea Energy Solid metal material quickly soluble in water and preparation method therefor
US11761296B2 (en) 2021-02-25 2023-09-19 Wenhui Jiang Downhole tools comprising degradable components
US20230011781A1 (en) * 2021-07-01 2023-01-12 Divergent Technologies, Inc. Al-mg-si based near-eutectic alloy composition for high strength and stiffness applications
CN113718148A (en) * 2021-09-02 2021-11-30 杭州天路医疗器械有限公司 Medical bone repair alloy material and preparation method thereof
CN113862537A (en) * 2021-09-22 2021-12-31 刘雪 High-elongation magnesium alloy capable of rapidly reacting with clear water and preparation method thereof
CN114381628B (en) * 2021-12-15 2023-01-31 中国科学院金属研究所 Refining agent and preparation method and application thereof
CN115354183B (en) * 2022-08-26 2023-06-27 南昌大学 Gadolinium magnesium intermediate alloy purifying flux
CN116043086B (en) * 2022-12-19 2024-04-12 湖南稀土金属材料研究院有限责任公司 Soluble magnesium alloy, preparation method and application thereof, and fracturing product

Family Cites Families (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104004950B (en) * 2014-06-05 2016-06-29 宁波高新区融创新材料科技有限公司 Ease of solubility magnesium alloy materials and manufacture method thereof and application
CN105950931B (en) * 2016-07-20 2018-10-02 肖旅 The high-strength high hard magnesium alloy of controllable reaction and its manufacturing method of component occurs with water
CN106119580A (en) * 2016-08-06 2016-11-16 冉兴 Magnesium alloy and the manufacture method of component thereof with water generation controllable reaction
CN106048353A (en) * 2016-08-23 2016-10-26 肖旅 High-plasticity magnesium alloy for controllable reaction with water and manufacture method of magnesium alloy component
CN106119647A (en) * 2016-08-27 2016-11-16 冉兴 High-strength magnesium alloy and the manufacture method of component thereof with water generation controllable reaction
CN106119648A (en) * 2016-08-27 2016-11-16 冉兴 Magnesium alloy with high strength and ductility and the manufacture method of component thereof with water generation controllable reaction
CN107699763A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-02-16 冉兴 The magnesium alloy and its manufacture method of component that Quick uniform is degraded in running water
CN107723546A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-02-23 冉兴 The toughening magnesium alloy of running water fast erosion and its manufacture method of component

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20190271061A1 (en) 2019-09-05
CN108441658A (en) 2018-08-24

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN108441658B (en) High-strength magnesium alloy capable of rapidly reacting with medium and preparation method thereof
EP2479304B1 (en) Preparation method for aluminum-zirconium-titanium-carbon intermediate alloy
CN104032195B (en) Efficiently-extrudable low-cost high-performance heat-conducting magnesium alloy and preparation method thereof
CN105779838B (en) High-thermal-conductivity die-casting magnesium alloy and preparation process thereof
CN107201472B (en) Sand casting rare earth magnesium alloy and preparation method thereof
CN102002617B (en) Cast aluminum alloy for automobile and preparation method thereof
Wang et al. Effect of Zr and Sc micro-additions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of as-cast Al-5Ce alloy
CN113234979B (en) High-strength rare earth wrought magnesium alloy and preparation method thereof
CN106435314B (en) A kind of zirconium/magnesia grain refiner and its preparation method and application
US20160298217A1 (en) Aluminum Alloy Refiner Material and Preparation Method Thereof
CN109487135A (en) A kind of low-cost high-strength high-toughness magnesium alloy and preparation method thereof
CN110453125B (en) Low-cost magnesium alloy with heat conduction and heat resistance characteristics and preparation and processing method thereof
WO2023241681A1 (en) Aluminum alloy additive, and preparation method therefor and use thereof
CN114703409B (en) High-strength corrosion-resistant aluminum alloy and casting method thereof
CN107354355B (en) Cast magnesium alloy and preparation method thereof
EP2476764B1 (en) Preparation method of al-zr-c master alloy
CN108220731A (en) A kind of multicomponent heat-resistant magnesium alloy and preparation method thereof
CN104561709A (en) High-creep-performance casting magnesium alloy and preparation method thereof
CN109943759B (en) High-strength-toughness heat-resistant Mg-Er alloy suitable for gravity casting and preparation method thereof
CN114318183A (en) High-plasticity aluminum alloy part and preparation method thereof
CN114293117A (en) High-strength aluminum alloy product and preparation method thereof
CN109811162B (en) Antimony-containing rare earth magnesium alloy and preparation method thereof
CN103498088B (en) A kind of magnesium-rare earth and its preparation method
CN112695235A (en) Single-stage homogenization heat treatment method for high-alloying Al-Zn-Mg-Cu-Ce alloy
CN111705248A (en) Al-4.5Cu aluminum-copper alloy material and preparation method thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant