CN108338108A - Purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage - Google Patents

Purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108338108A
CN108338108A CN201810252257.4A CN201810252257A CN108338108A CN 108338108 A CN108338108 A CN 108338108A CN 201810252257 A CN201810252257 A CN 201810252257A CN 108338108 A CN108338108 A CN 108338108A
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China
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net cage
water
net
tank
cage body
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CN201810252257.4A
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CN108338108B (en
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阮保国
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/60Floating cultivation devices, e.g. rafts or floating fish-farms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F2001/007Processes including a sedimentation step
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/28Anaerobic digestion processes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of realization purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cages, a kind of reasonable design is provided, it is simple in structure, operating cost is low, low energy consumption breeding water of net box treatment and purification technique, including, Multilayer Network babinet, buoy platform, have and has denitrogenation, dephosphorization water body purification processing component, net cage body overlaps two layers of making using the close net of 2000 heights of eye, it effectively prevent residual bait and cultivation product excreta to see through net cage external, net cage body upper mouth 300-500mm height components use the big eyes nets of 10mm, it ensure that the exchange circulation of breeding water body and the external water body of net cage in net cage body, the net bottom of box has suction pump water supply hose to be fixed on net cage body bottom pyramidal angle, net cage bottoms, which are siphoned away, using the powerful suction pump of suction force enters the separation of water process clarifier-tank, it avoids polluting culturing area water body.

Description

Purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, and in particular to a kind of purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage.
Background technology
As people's living standard is continuously improved, the demand of all kinds of aquatic products is increasing, and aquatic products cage culture scale is not Disconnected to expand, net cage waters metabolin and residual bait organic matter cause greatly to pollute to environment waters, restrict aquaculture sustainable development Exhibition, traditional cistern cultivation water treatment technology mostly use mechanical-physical filtering, circulating water pool precipitation, biological treatment.Currently, Net cage aquaculture purifying water process is also in the multi-party exploratory stage, and aquaculture field, purification water process is that aquaculture can The important subject of sustainable development.
Invention content
The present invention provides a kind of reasonable design, structure letter to realize that purifying water process technical problems to be solved are It is single, operating cost is low, low energy consumption breeding water of net box treatment and purification technique.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:A kind of purifying water process aquaculture net cage is constructed, is wrapped It includes, the highly dense net cage body of multilayer, buoy platform has and has denitrogenation, dephosphorization water body purification processing system, while ensure that in net cage body The exchange of breeding water body and the external water body of net cage is circulated, and avoids polluting Cultivated water water body.
Purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage, at least two layers overlapping of high density net cage body use, and the setting of net cage body surrounding is floating Cylinder platform and guardrail, guardrail supporting rod are fixed on buoy platform inner peripheral, have hard object frame to support around net cage body upper mouth It is fixed on buoy platform inner ring periphery, centre forms culture zone, and net cabinet depth is selected according to regional waters or cultivation type, fitted Variant regional waters aquaculture is closed, net cage body overlaps two layers of making using the close net of 2000 heights of eye, prevents residual bait and cultivation product It is external that excreta sees through net cage, and square, circle or polygon is arranged in net cage body, and 300-500mm of approximately level is depended on net cage body top Height component net cage body uses the big eyes nets of 10mm, is conducive to the circulation of net cage inside and outside water body and replaces, the net cage body network interface face can Open or sealing, without using guardrail, is sealed if net cage body is sealed using the big eyes nets of 30mm, facilitate launch bait or according to Type choosing sealing mesh is cultivated, the net bottom of box is set as 60 ° of cone angle-according to regional water environment and net cage body specification Micro- conical bottom between 150 ° is precipitated to cone angle bottom under water impact effect conducive to residual bait and other residues, passes through suction The powerful self-priming suction pump of power is connected to bevel angle bottom hose, and net cage body bottoms are thoroughly pumped into water process clarifier-tank Separating treatment, the net cage body bottom periphery have hard object braced frame, prevent water-bed stormy waves from sweeping across and squeeze net cage body;At Water warfare Reason system is also biofilter autotrophic denitrification intensive treatment reactor simultaneously, including, it is arranged in net cage body top edge floating drum The water process clarifier-tank of platform, pumping system, power supply system, the water purification treatment system are three layers three-dimensional, and one layer is filtering Separating layer, two floor reactor filler rooms, three layers are secondary settling tank, and the secondary settling tank is made of a heavy pond and secondary settling tank, and described two is heavy It is that the close net overlapping of two layers or more 2000 heights of eye uses that, which there are extension valve control discharge, layer separation pond, filter screen in pond, separation Go out net cage body bottoms, by isolating sundries cleaning processing, isolates sewage into two layers of processing;Two layers of reaction Device filler is sulphur, iron ore, hydrotalcite or pyrite, dolomite, has a large amount of Research of Environmental Sciences to show biofilter autotrophy Denitrification intensive treatment is notable to denitrogenation, phosphor-removing effect;Water process purification complies with standard, and clear water is discharged into caged-culture waters or the outer water of case Body, water process clarifier-tank bottom are conducive to the water surface in clarifier-tank discharge water slug net cage body from water surface elevation 300mm or so For water body oxygenation, net cage body bottoms are pumped into Water warfare separate tank by water pump, realize that circulating filtration purifies water, simultaneously By drawing water, caged-culture waters are in and circulate state caged-culture waters;The self-priming 12V sewage pumpings pump inlet and outlet water pipe connection PVC hose, water supply hose are fixed on net cage body bottom pyramidal angle, have multiple water inlet absorption residues, water outlet to be fixed on net Top of the box water process clarifier-tank edge, suction pump are mounted on outside net top of the box floating drum inside edge clarifier-tank, the self-priming Solar power system is housed, suction pump has solar power system power supply or other power supply power supplies, suction pump beside suction pump It is provided with time switch, is set in extraction of multiple periods net cage body bevel angle bottom sediment daily, filtration, purification separate tank The collection in time daily of interior filtrate is handled, and it is pollution-free to realize that aquiculture net cage purifies water.
Preferably, the close net of 2000 height of eye of two layers of mesh babinet is the preferable flexible material of high density polyethylene (HDPE).
Preferably, Inlet and outlet water hose is PVC material, and the multiple water inlet diameters of hose are no more than 15mm.
Preferably, self-priming 12V suction pumps are pumped using sewage high pressure water extraction, and safe voltage solar power system is selected in power supply Add and match wind-driven generator, accumulator shares.
Preferably, water cleaning pool width is no more than 800mm, and purifying water process processing pond is strong using bad high temperature, hardness PC materials.
Preferably, net cage body bottom periphery frame backing material selects coating steel pipe.
Purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage of the present invention, net cabinet depth are selected according to regional waters or cultivation type, are fitted Close variant regional waters aquaculture;Water purification treatment system ensures net bottom of box noresidue, while reinforcing mat babinet It is pollution-free to realize that denitrogenation, dephosphorization purify water for interior water body flow circulation rate.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage extension valve B structure schematic diagram proposed by the present invention.
Fig. 2 is purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage water purification treatment system A structural schematic diagrams proposed by the present invention.
Fig. 3 is purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation cage structure schematic diagram proposed by the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
Purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage of the present invention is described in further details below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Shown in Fig. 1, purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage extension valve B structure schematic diagram, including, limit sill B1, runner The preposition spacing B3 of water inlet B 2, outer tube runner, outer tube runner baffling mouth B4, limit protruding pin mounting hole B5, outer tube runner Mouthful B6, limit protruding pin B7, valve port spacing B8, valve plate B9, valve body inner sleeve nozzle B10, valve inner sleeve side water inlet baffling mouth B11, Inner sleeve passes in and out baffling mouth spacing B12, inner sleeve runner postposition spacing B13, inner sleeve side water outlet baffling mouth B14, valve body inner sleeve Pipe runner mouth B15, valve body inner sleeve expansion handle B16, limiting groove B17.
Shown in Fig. 2, purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage water cleaning pool A structural schematic diagrams, including, clarifier-tank is outer horizontal Wall A1, a heavy pond conjoined vat A2, separate tank cross wall A3, separate tank A4, secondary settling tank conjoined vat A5, clarifier-tank longitudinal side wall A6, purification Cross wall A7 outside pond, the outer longitudinal wall A9 of longitudinal wall A8, clarifier-tank, biochemical filler room A10, secondary settling tank A11, separate tank web plate in clarifier-tank A12, reactor filler bed net plate A13, secondary settling tank overflow water out A14, a heavy pond L-shaped baffle pipe overflows water out A15, a heavy pond L Shape baffle pipe connect water inlet A 16, secondary settling tank sludge reflux mouth A17, clarifier bottom A18, a heavy pond sludge reflux mouth A19, Extension valve B.
Shown in Fig. 3, purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation cage structure schematic diagram.Water cleaning pool A, floating drum and guardrail inner wall 1, big eyes dictyosome 2, highly dense net cage body 3, water outlet of water pump 4, self-priming suction pump 5, solar panel 6, guardrail 7, floating drum 8, suction pump water supply hose 9, water inlet 10, net cage body conical lower portion 11, net cage body bottom periphery frame 12.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, extension valve B is control water purification treatment system purified water vent valves, described flexible Valve has the function of that three step switch, valve body are made of the internal and external casing that can make axial relative movement, micro- between the internal and external casing Gap can do axial stretching movement and realize that three step switch function, the valve disengaging runner mouth are respectively and fixedly connected to secondary settling tank purification The outer bottoms the longitudinal wall A9 50mm height and positions of longitudinal wall A8, clarifier-tank in pond(Referring to Fig. 2), sill B1 is in valve body outer tube for outer tube limit 2 edge of runner water inlet B, the limit sill B1 are that limitation inner sleeve is axially moving terminal, the preposition spacing of outer tube runner B3 is outer tube runner baffling mouth B4 peristomas to 2 spacing of runner water inlet B, and outer tube runner baffling mouth B4 is arranged in outer tube stream Road side, hypostome is flat with runner bottom face, and limit protruding pin mounting hole B5 settings are in valve body outer sleeve upper face, close to outer tube In the middle part of runner mouth B6 at body length one third, bore is adapted to limit protruding pin B7, and limit protruding pin B7 can be cylinder, Limit protruding pin mounting hole B5 can be the circle with protruding pin B7 adaptations;Valve port spacing B8 is valve plate B9 to valve body inner sleeve import The distance of B10, the valve plate B9 is to the affixed disjunctor of inner sleeve runner internal diameter full closeding state, valve inner sleeve side water inlet baffling mouth For B11 in the interior front ends casing valve plate B9, water inlet baffling mouth B11 lower edges are flat with inner sleeve bottom face, and inner sleeve passes in and out baffling mouth spacing B12 is that inner sleeve side is discharged baffling mouth B14 to the distance of valve body inner sleeve water inlet B 10, and inner sleeve runner postposition spacing B13 is Water baffling mouth B14 is to distance between inner sleeve runner exit B15, valve body inner sleeve expansion handle B16 and inner sleeve runner exit B15 upper limb disjunctors are affixed, and limiting groove B17 is arranged in interior sleeve upper end Middle face, and front end is connected with valve plate B9, and rear end is in inner sleeve At pipe a quarter, the limiting groove front and back end and limiting slot are in closed state in inner sleeve runner, and limiting slot rear end is extremely Distance between valve body inner sleeve runner exit B15 is more than valve port spacing B8;When the stop places expansion handle B16 are in outer tube stream When road junction B6 is with valve body inner sleeve runner exit B15 overlap conditions, the inner sleeve stop places nozzle B10 are at outer casing limit sill B1 ends Point, baffling mouth spacing B12 are superimposed in the preposition spacing B3 of runner, and inner sleeve baffling mouth B11 and B14 rest on the preposition spacing of runner In B3, baffling mouth B11 and B14 are in outer tube flow passage side tube wall closed state;Outer tube runner baffling mouth B4 rests on inner sleeve The positions pipe runner postposition spacing B13, in by inner sleeve tube wall closed state, limiting groove B17 rear end terminals and limit protruding pin B7 Overlapping, this state extension valve are closed, and a heavy water cannot flow into secondary settling tank by extension valve at this time(Referring to figure 2);When expansion handle B16, which is axially moved, to retract, limiting slot B17 front end terminals are Chong Die with spacer pin B7 stops, inner sleeve runner Intaking, baffling mouth B11 is Chong Die with the outer flow passage baffling stop places mouth B4, and valve plate B9 rests on the baffling edges mouth B4 rear end, at this time Valve plate B9 is in the completely closed state to outer tube runner, this state extension valve B is in level-one unlatching, a heavy pond clear water By outer tube runner, into baffling mouth B11 and B4 in overlap condition, flows into secondary settling tank and carry out secondary precipitation, at this time one Heavy pond and secondary settling tank are in connected state, and runner exit is closed, and water cannot be flowed out from valve outside pond;Work as expansion handle B16 is axially moved to water inlet direction and pushes, and valve plate B9 is rested in the middle part of outer tube runner baffling mouth B4, at this time inner sleeve runner Baffling mouth B12 and B14 is Chong Die with outer tube runner baffling mouth B4 simultaneously, this state extension valve is in two level and opens, and at this time one Heavy water enters baffling mouth B11 by outer tube runner and enters secondary settling tank, while secondary settling tank clear water enters place by baffling mouth B4 Inner sleeve runner is flowed into the baffling mouth B14 of overlap condition to exclude outside pond;Aforementioned implementation process is that one, secondary settling tank passes through flexible valve Door B function drainage works process introductions are rectangular shown in extension valve B in this utilization, and extension valve can be round and more Side shape, extension valve can independently use in other fields, it is desirable that seal high component and use, need to add at inner sleeve pipe outer wall valve plate B9 Sealing ring.
Fig. 2 is purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage water cleaning pool A structural schematic diagrams, including power supply system, is drawn water Component,(Water cleaning pool A, once referred to as, clarifier-tank), clarifier-tank is a biofilter autotrophic denitrification intensive treatment reaction Device, major function is cultured product excreta, residual bait, caged-culture waters denitrogenation, dephosphorization in processing aquiculture net cage body, described net It is three layers three-dimensional to change pond, and height accounts for respectively, and one layer, to be separated by filtration pond A4, highly accounts for 2/5ths, two floor biochemical filler rooms A10 highly accounts for 1/5th, and three layers are one, secondary settling tanks, highly accounts for 2/5ths, the clarifier-tank outer cross wall A1 and A7 are net The both ends Hua Chi cross wall plate, while A1 is a heavy pond conjoined vat A2 exterior panels, the cross wall both ends plate A1 and A7 cross section, respectively at purification Pond longitudinal side wall A6 and the outer both ends longitudinal wall A9 cross section disjunctor one cylinder barrel of affixed formation of clarifier-tank, cylinder barrel lower face and clarifier-tank cylinder Bottom A18 disjunctors are affixed to form an open cylinder, and two sections of separate tank cross wall A3 are respectively in clarifier-tank longitudinal side wall A6 and clarifier-tank Longitudinal wall A8 inner wall disjunctors are affixed, affixed with the cross sections separate tank web plate A12 disjunctor in the middle part of the separate tank cross wall A3, and separate tank is horizontal The lower faces wall A3 and the cross sections reactor filler bed net plate A13 disjunctor are affixed, described to answer the device packed bed cross sections web plate A13 and divide From pond web plate A12 surroundings section, respectively at A3, A6, A7, A8, casing wall plate disjunctor is affixed in length and breadth, has A3 and A8, A11, A12 right respectively Open cylinder body clarifier-tank A is separated, and vertical section and clarifier-tank cylinder bottom A18 disjunctors are affixed under longitudinal wall A8 in clarifier-tank, the both ends A8 Cross section is affixed with disjunctor at a quarter in the middle part of the siding of the both ends cross wall plate A1 and A7 respectively, the clarifier-tank opening cylinder at this time Inner cavity has been divided into separate tank A4, secondary settling tank conjoined vat A5 and one heavy pond conjoined vat A2, biochemical filler room A10 and secondary settling tank The several small individual cylinders of A11 and pond;Separate tank A4 occupies 2/5ths height of clarifier-tank cylinder body in top, and biochemical filler room A10 is accounted for With 1/5th height of clarifier-tank cylinder body, a heavy pond A11 occupies 2/5ths height of clarifier-tank cylinder body, and separate tank web plate A12 is Separate tank A4 bottom plates, the separate tank A4 are the separate tanks for filtering aquiculture net cage bottom sediment, and the separate tank A4 is set Two layers or more 2000 height of eye filter density nets are equipped with, 30mm sieve screen apertures are arranged in bottom separate tank web plate A12,(Two layers of biochemical filler Room A10 is from this sieve screen apertures filler), the net cage body bottoms pass through suction pump water supply hose 9 and mating suction pump 5 It is pumped into the separation of separate tank A4 level-ones, is cleared up by the fraction collection that highly dense net is detached,(It is shown in Figure 3)After separation It is to fill out that water body, which flows into two floor biochemical filler room A10, the biochemical filler room A10 using sulphur, lime stone or pyrite, dolomite, Material, for particle diameter between 3.5-6mm, laying depth is 60-80mm, and 3mm is arranged in reactor filler bed net plate A13 sieve screen apertures Rectangle mesh, it is ensured that the not lower leakage of filler particles, it is conjoined vat that pond A11 and A2 sinks in filler chamber A10 lower layers one, the company Body cylinder A2 is transparent open cylinder body, the minimum 150mm of width, a heavy pond glar easy to clean;Secondary settling tank conjoined vat A5 with The equally transparent open cylinder bodies of A2, length is clarifier-tank total length, and the minimum 150mm of width is open, there is longitudinal wall A8 in clarifier-tank The open cylinder of composition, sedimentation in secondary sedimentation tank mud easy to clean are surrounded with longitudinal wall A9 and A1, A7 outside clarifier-tank;Secondary settling tank overflows water out A14 It is supernatant water out, is arranged in the middle part of secondary settling tank conjoined vat A5 outer walls A9, phase is arranged at reactor filler bed net plate A13 in height At corresponding 20mm;One heavy pond L-shaped baffle pipe overflows the setting of water out A15 height in two layers of upper ends filler chamber A10 opposite 4/5ths Position;One heavy pond L-shaped baffle pipe connection water inlet A 16 setting is in casing wall A8 with respect to 2/5ths position of the upper ends heavy pond A11, L Shape baffle pipe occupies in secondary settling tank, when extension valve B is closed(It is shown in Figure 1), a heavy pond L When the unrestrained water out A15 of shape baffle pipe begins with flow such as secondary settling tank unrestrained by L-shaped baffle pipe, filler chamber A10 water has been overflow at this time Cross sulphur, lime stone or pyrite, dolomite is filler, filler all impregnated in water, and the water surface is in the upper ends filler chamber A10 five / everywhere, when the unrestrained water out A14 of the secondary settling tank there are flowing out soon, 5 setting time of self-priming suction pump is to have stopped extracting Net cage bottoms(It is shown in Figure 3), all filter such as filler chamber of lower layer A10 carries out the anti-nitre of autotrophy to separate tank A4 sewage Change intensive treatment, strengthen absorption denitrogenation, minimum 3 hours of dephosphorization processing time, after the water process strengthens absorption 3 hours, stretches Valve opens level-one switch, and a heavy pond clear water enters baffling mouth B11 and B4 in overlap condition by outer tube runner and flows into Secondary settling tank secondary precipitation, at this time a heavy pond and secondary settling tank be in connected state, extension valve runner exit is closed, water It will not be flowed into outside pond from valve(Shown in figure one), a heavy pond precipitates water and flows into two at a slow speed by valve B runner bafflings Heavy pond, at this time secondary settling tank supernatant water flowed out outside clarifier-tank by unrestrained mouth of a river A14 or caged-culture waters, when the anhydrous outflows of unrestrained mouth of a river A14 When, when checking that a heavy pond clear water is in shape, extension valve B secondary switch is opened, valve plate B9 rests on outer tube at this time In the middle part of runner baffling mouth B4, inner sleeve runner baffling mouth B12 and B14 while, this state Chong Die with outer tube runner baffling mouth B4 Extension valve is in two level unlatching, and a heavy water enters baffling mouth B11 by outer tube runner and enters secondary settling tank at this time, and at this time two Heavy pond clear water can be entered the baffling mouth B14 inflow inner sleeve runners in overlap condition by baffling mouth B4 and is discharged outside pond simultaneously Or caged-culture waters(It is shown in Figure 1), the extension valve B outer tube runners water inlet B 2, the difference disjunctor of water outlet B 6 are affixed In longitudinal wall A8 and the lower ends longitudinal wall A9, extension valve B outer sleeve bottoms are from clarifier-tank cylinder bottom A18, and minimum to be 30-50mm ensure mud The height that water will not flow out, when the anhydrous outflow of the extension valve B runners, one, secondary settling tank clear water it is substantially drained, close valve, Tape remaining muddy water has the small suction pump of connection to promote reflux by the heavy pond sludge reflux mouth A19 of secondary settling tank sludge reflux mouth A17 and one To separate tank A4 filtration treatments again.
Aforementioned specific implementation process is water purification treatment system structure and application, aforementioned while being an aquiculture net cage Body cultured product excreta, residual bait, caged-culture waters denitrogenation, dephosphorization water process purification process;Clarifier-tank A be stereo biological filter tank from Denitrification intensive treatment reactor is supported, is chronically exposed under daylight and exposes to the sun and rain, preferably selects and relies the hard price of high temperature quality low Honest and clean high-quality PC materials, except extension valve B inner sleeves and spacer pin be can be seperated outer, other clarifier-tank A components descriptions company Affixed body can be the whole disjunctor of cast, and clarifier-tank A is a water process purification system that can independently use with other fields.
Shown in Fig. 3, purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation cage structure schematic diagram.Water cleaning pool A, it is arranged on net cage body All outer 8 platforms of floating drum of edge choma, floating drum and 1 position of guardrail inner wall are the net cage body upper limb waters surface or more, as net cage does opening, floating drum With 1 use of guardrail inner wall and the big 2 same money of eyes dictyosome of net cage upper mouth babinet, above it is sealed to guardrail upper end and is pulled through, as net cage body is done Sealing, guardrail 7 do not have to, and the big eye nets of dispensing bait screen distance mouth 30mm easy to use all seal net cage body opening, make net cage body It is totally-enclosed;Big eyes dictyosome 2 is that net cage body upper mouth 300-500mm height components are conducive to using the big eyes net of 10mm mesh The water body circulation of net cage inside and outside is replaced, while floating bait will not be external from 10mm mesh outflow net cage, is connected to big eyes net The highly dense net cage body in 2 lower end of body 3 is the close net of double-deck 2000 heights of eye, is used using overlapping is double-deck, effectively prevent in net cage body residual bait and Other residues see through the outer water body of case, it is ensured that water body is pollution-free;Water outlet of water pump 4 is connected to 5 water outlet of self-priming suction pump, institute It states suction pump 5 and is placed on buoy platform close to water cleaning pool A, 6 upper ends of solar panel water beside suction pump The purified treatment pond sides A guardrail 7, lower end are placed on 8 upper limb of floating drum, and 9 upper end of suction pump water supply hose is connect with suction pump water inlet, Lower end is fixed on net cage body bottom pyramidal angle, 11 bevel angle of net cage body conical lower portion, according to regional water environment and net cage Body specification is set as micro- conical bottom between 60 ° -150 ° of cone angle, and the suction pump water inlet hose 9 is fixed on net cage body conical bottom 11 Tapered corners of portion, are provided with multiple 10-15mm of bore water inlets 10, and net cage is siphoned away using the powerful suction pump of suction force Bottoms enter water cleaning pool separation, and net cage body bottom periphery frame 12 is the periphery company for being used to support net cage bottom Body frame, can be selected high rigidity coating steel pipe, and 12 function of the frame is to prevent from underwater torrent stormy waves from sweeping across to squeeze net cage body;Net Babinet impregnates under water, and the quality-high and inexpensive polythene material of material selection, polyethylene is odorless, nontoxic, feel ceraceous, has excellent Resistance to low temperature, for minimum adaptive temperature up to subzero -70~-100 DEG C, chemical stability is good, is resistant to invading for most of soda acids Erosion, water imbibition is small, and electrical insulation capability is excellent, and heat-resistant aging is poor, and it is the quality material for making net cage to be suitble to underwater use.
A kind of purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage provided in this embodiment, achievees the purpose that purified water, can be effectively The migration for controlling water pollutant, accelerates the decomposition and inversion of pollutant, to reach state sewage emission standard, it is ensured that aquaculture net Case not polluted-water.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, not to limit the scope of the invention, it is right For those skilled in the art, it is clear that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, and without departing substantially from this hair In the case of bright spirit or essential attributes, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms, therefore, no matter comes from which point See, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the present invention by appended claims without It is that above description limits, it is intended that all changes that come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are included In the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage, it is characterised in that:Including babinet, water purification treatment system, buoy platform, The net cage body is the overlapping highly dense net of multilayer, and the net bottom of box is conical bottom.
2. a kind of purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage, it is characterised in that:Water purification treatment system, including stereoscopic multi-layer water process Clarifier-tank, draw water component and electricity generation system.
3. a kind of purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The net cage body is at least The close net overlapping composition of two layers of 2000 heights of eye, net cage body upper peripheral edge are with hard object frame and are supported and fixed on floating drum inner ring periphery;It is described 300-500mm height net cage bodies below the water body plane of net cage body upper end are the big eyes nets of 10mm, and the big eyes nets of 10mm are in net The highly dense net of babinet is fixedly connected;Between micro- 60 ° -150 ° of the conical bottom cone angle of the net bottom of box, net bottom of box periphery Edge has hard object frame to support.
4. such as claim 1 or 3 any one of them purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cages, it is characterised in that:Net cage body network interface It is that opening or sealing, opening need buoy platform and guardrail, platform guardrail inner ring periphery is provided with prolongs with net cage body disjunctor Stretch big eyes net;The net cage body seals the big eyes mesh of bait throwing in easy to use.
5. a kind of purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:The pumping system is drawn water Pump is 12V sewage self-suction suction pumps, and the suction pump has solar power system to power or other safe voltages are powered, the pumping Water pump is arranged time switch, suction pump be arranged according to net cage body specification it is one or more, the pump hose that draws water be high quality without Malicious hose.
6. a kind of purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:In the water cleaning pool It is divided into stereoscopic multi-layer, described one layer is to be separated by filtration pond, and the separate tank filter screen is that the close net of two layers or more 2000 heights of eye is folded It closes and uses;Two layers are biochemical filler chamber, and three layers are secondary settling tank;The secondary settling tank is made of one, 2 two heavy ponds, and there is L-shaped in a heavy pond Baffle pipe is drained to secondary settling tank, described one, secondary settling tank have extension valve connection intercommunication control discharge and the unrestrained mouth of a river discharge.
7. such as claim 2 or a kind of purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage of 6 any one of them, it is characterised in that:The water Purified treatment secondary settling tank connection extension valve has the function of three step switch, and valve body is by that can make the internal and external casing of axial relative movement Composition, the extension valve inner sleeve do axial stretching movement, and internal and external casing Inlet and outlet water baffling mouth is stopped in different location and is overlapped, Realize three step switch conversion function.
8. a kind of purifying water process environment-protecting cultivation net cage as described in claim 1 to 2, it is characterised in that:The net cage body last week Edge has hard object frame to be supported and fixed on buoy platform inner ring periphery, and net cage body top edge buoy platform is provided with water process purification Pond, suction pump, electricity generation system, the water pump outlet pipe that draws water are fixed on water process clarifier-tank edge, and water supply hose is fixed on net cage body bottom Portion's bevel angle siphons away net cage bottoms using the powerful self-priming suction pump of suction force and enters the separation of water process clarifier-tank, point It is cleared up in time from rear residue, sewage enters clarifier-tank biofilter autotrophic denitrification intensive treatment, it is ensured that culturing area water Body will not pollute.
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