CN108324439A - A kind of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher and rescue method - Google Patents

A kind of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher and rescue method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108324439A
CN108324439A CN201810268490.1A CN201810268490A CN108324439A CN 108324439 A CN108324439 A CN 108324439A CN 201810268490 A CN201810268490 A CN 201810268490A CN 108324439 A CN108324439 A CN 108324439A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wounded
stretcher
special
shovel board
hook
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CN201810268490.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈子龙
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Xihua University
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Xihua University
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Priority to CN201810268490.1A priority Critical patent/CN108324439A/en
Publication of CN108324439A publication Critical patent/CN108324439A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G1/00Stretchers
    • A61G1/003Stretchers with facilities for picking up patients or disabled persons, e.g. break-away type or using endless belts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G1/00Stretchers
    • A61G1/02Stretchers with wheels
    • A61G1/0275Stretchers with wheels having driven wheels, e.g. motorised

Abstract

Present invention relates particularly to a kind of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher and rescue methods, including stretcher main body, shovel board, auxiliary support plate, sensor module etc. are installed in stretcher main body, multifunctional stretcher can find neighbouring life entity by sensor module and be moved at the wounded and be handled accordingly for the different degrees of condition of the injury of the wounded again, it can be adjusted planning according to different road conditions, it is strong to landform environmental suitability;When disposing common the wounded, directly patient is lifted to stretcher;When disposing special the wounded, first judge the posture of the wounded, the shovel board of stretcher is recycled to carry out lifting movement to patient, special the wounded is overturn by different rotation modes again, special the wounded is set to keep face in the case where body is without larger movement upward, secondary injury is reduced as far as possible, effectively increases the safety during rescue.

Description

A kind of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher and rescue method
Technical field
The present invention relates to medical aid equipment technical field, more particularly to a kind of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher and rescue side Method.
Background technology
To meet state of an illness needs, lies down convenient for patient and the wounded, stretcher can be equipped in ambulance, but because of stretcher own wt Heavier, when carrying, is laborious, and when part the wounded is not easy to manually lift because of reasons such as fracture or body part bleedings, can usually indulge in Accidentally long time, the body of state and mobile the wounded careful as possible when rescue personnel needs to keep the wounded's injury, but move Inevitably occur, to the secondary injury of the wounded's body, especially lifting the wounded, and the wounded is placed on during dynamic Two processes of stretcher easily to the wounded's body cause squeeze or deform, therefore be badly in need of want it is a kind of can rescuing with safety moving the wounded Protect vehicle and the corresponding vehicle-mounted stretcher with safety protection function.
Have at present a kind of can include with stretcher of the labor-saving scoop stretcher as described in patent CN201310196747 Stretcher main body, the stretcher main body are laid with the hook-shaped shovel board of at least two groups, every group of hook-shaped shovel board upper end warp along its length Horizontal racking device is connect with stretcher main body, with realize hook-shaped shovel board close up or detached job when in use first will be on stretcher Portion is placed on sick bed, and each pair of shovel board of three groups of hook-shaped shovel boards is made to be respectively placed in two outside of shoulder, waist and leg of patient, according to The height of patient makes the hook-shaped shovel board being connected with connector move by mobile connection part, to reach the length to carrying patient stretcher Degree is adjusted, and then respectively gradually promotes shovel board to shoulder, waist and leg;The invention is easy to operate, but the wounded is shoveled It also needs to the wounded being placed on stretcher after rising, is easy to cause secondary injury to patient during patient is moved into stretcher, And the wounded is lied down when ground is in different situations, it cannot be applicable in well, such as the wounded lies face down and can not stand up, and It needs to lift the wounded and face is placed on stretcher upward, then also need to turn over the wounded after scooping up the wounded using the device Body is very easy to cause secondary injury so that the device has larger limitation when in use.
Medical free body moving platform in existing another kind patent CN201010039575 includes chassis assembly, can carry out Movable panel is adjusted to appropriate location when use by upright post sleeve, movable panel of elevating movement etc., is then slowly inserted into human body phase It answers position, mover to start, slowly lifts people and realize lifting by pushing hands mobile platform and Rotary cloumn beam, by conveying patient to mesh Ground, although the invention can mitigate the problem of causing secondary injury to patient in moving process, equally can not to patient into The treatment on special problems such as row turn.
Invention content
In view of the above-mentioned problems, it is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of multi-functional loads of thermostatic type safe, that protecting effect is good Frame and rescue method.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:A kind of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher, it is described Multifunctional stretcher includes stretcher main body, installs shovel board group, Auxiliary support board group, supporting mechanism, shovel board contracting in stretcher main body respectively Laying mechanism;At least two cross through hole are arranged in stretcher main body along its length, and each cross through hole is built-in, and there are two the first drives Dynamic motor, each first driving motor can drive cross bar transverse shifting in cross through hole;
The shovel board scaling device includes cross bar, and the first electric rotating is installed in the end point that cross bar stretches out stretcher body side Machine, the first electric rotating machine are coaxially disposed with cross bar;The output shaft lateral surface of first electric rotating machine and the input terminal of first clutch The output end of connection, first clutch penetrates in the earhole of one end setting of the first telescopic rod;First telescopic rod is vertical with cross bar Setting;
At least two shovel board groups and at least two Auxiliary support board groups are arranged in the lower section of stretcher main body along its length, Each shovel board group includes two hook-shaped shovel boards, and the hook-shaped shovel board is by second clutch with setting in the first telescopic rod other end The second electric rotating machine connection;Each Auxiliary support board group includes two arc-shaped auxiliary support plates, and auxiliary support plate passes through the Three clutches are connect with the third electric rotating machine for being arranged in the first telescopic rod other end;Second electric rotating machine and third electric rotating machine Coaxial arrangement;Second electric rotating machine is vertically arranged with the first telescopic rod, and in stretcher main body both sides, opposite two first are arranged Shovel board group on telescopic rod collectively forms a cylindrical shape with Auxiliary support board group, and the upper semi-circle of cylindrical shape is hooked by two Shape shovel board forms, and lower half circle is made of two auxiliary support plates;
The inner surface of the hook-shaped shovel board and auxiliary support plate is respectively equipped with arc-shaped card slot, the slot bottom dress of arc-shaped card slot There is the second driving motor, connection gear on the output shaft of the second driving motor;The circle that setting can slide along in arc-shaped card slot The convex block of arc-shaped guide rail, the two sides setting of guide rail is stuck in the groove of arc-shaped card slot two sides corresponding position setting, circular arc Arc-shaped rack is arranged in the outer surface of shape guide rail, and rack and pinion is meshed, and one or more is equipped on the inner surface of guide rail The arc-shaped strip air bag being set up in parallel;
The rotating mechanism includes the 5th electric rotating machine being arranged near stretcher front end, the output shaft of the 5th electric rotating machine Detachable connection is constituted with the shaft coupling of stretcher front end setting, shaft coupling is fixedly connected with stretcher main body;5th electric rotating machine On moveable electric lifting stand;
The supporting mechanism by totally four the second telescopic rods form before and after being separately positioned at left and right sides of stretcher main body, Second telescopic rod lower end connects omni-directional wheel, and upper end passes through the 4th clutch and the 4th rotation mounted on corresponding position in stretcher main body Rotating motor connects, and the 4th electric rotating machine is horizontally disposed with axially along stretcher horizontal direction;
The stretcher main body is the tablet that latticed steel wire is made or the tablet with perforation gas port, along tablet Multiple straight slots are arranged in length direction, and fan is arranged in straight slot, and the front and back of tablet is laid with heating insulation layer respectively, and heating is protected Warm layer includes the electric heating wire that serpentine fashion is laid with, and the lateral surface of electric heating wire is laid with the foam-rubber cushion that polylith carries air hole, sea Silk floss pad surface corresponding position be arranged temperature sensor, temperature sensor and be arranged stretcher body end liquid crystal display company It connects.
Preferably, the multifunctional stretcher further includes sensor module and controller;The sensor module includes peace Mounted in 360 ° of full-view cameras of stretcher body front end and rear end, thermal imaging system, varifocal camera are also installed on full-view camera, Sensor module further includes the pressure-strain piece mounted on stretcher main body front and back, and sensor module and central processing unit are logical Letter connection, central processing unit also respectively with the first driving motor, the first electric rotating machine, first clutch, the first telescopic rod, second Clutch, the second electric rotating machine, third clutch, third electric rotating machine, the second driving motor, the second telescopic rod, omni-directional wheel, The air pressure regulator of four clutches and air bag communicates to connect;The central processing unit also respectively with touch display Screen, the communication connection of wireless signal transceiver module, image processing module, GPS positioning module.
Preferably, suspension assembly is set between first telescopic rod and omni-directional wheel, and suspension assembly includes air spring, resistance Buddhist nun's adjustable shock.
Preferably, striated or graininess skid resistant course, institute are set on the inner surface of the hook-shaped shovel board and auxiliary support plate State the side corresponding position setting bandage of hook-shaped shovel board and auxiliary support plate.
According to the rescue method of any one of the above thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher, the rescue process includes common the wounded Step, special the wounded is disposed to dispose step;
Described common the wounded disposes the step to be:Cross bar is collapsible into cross through hole to greatest extent, and the first telescopic rod is received It is reduced to most short, shovel board group and Auxiliary support board group are in below stretcher main body close to each other in petal-shaped is closed;It is mounted on same Hook-shaped shovel board and auxiliary support plate formation approximate ellipse shape close to each other on one the first telescopic rod, opposite is located at stretcher The hook-shaped shovel board and auxiliary support plate of the main body other side are tightly attached on the outside of approximate ellipse shape;
Second telescopic rod contacts for the omni-directional wheel of vertical state and its lower end with ground;Medical staff is complete by controlling four The movement of multifunctional stretcher is realized to the rotation of wheel;
Described special the wounded disposes the step to be:When special the wounded lies down due to inconvenience is lifted or is assisted on ground, doctor Multifunctional stretcher is moved near special the wounded by shield personnel;Then the first driving motor rotates, and drives cross bar to cross through hole Outside is moved, while the first telescopic rod extends, and then the second electric rotating machine drives hook-shaped shovel board rotation, third electric rotating machine to drive Auxiliary support plate rotates, and stops operating after so that the hook-shaped shovel board of stretcher body side is formed semicircle with auxiliary support plate, hooks at this time Shape shovel board lower end contacts ground, and special the wounded is exactly among the shovel board group of both sides;
Second telescopic rod is shunk, and keeps omni-directional wheel liftoff, then the bottom end of lifting support is contacted with ground, while the 4th electric rotating Motor-driven work rotates the second telescopic rod to horizontality, and then lifting support slowly moves, and stretcher main body is made to be located at special the wounded Top;
First driving motor rotates, and drives cross bar to cross through hole medial movement, is then driven and is hooked by the first telescopic rod Shape shovel board and auxiliary support plate are drawn close to centre together, so that the hook-shaped shovel board of both sides and auxiliary support plate is constituted a circle, will be hindered Person shovels from the ground;
Special the wounded's set-up procedure include lie down adjustment process, lie prone down adjustment process, adjustment process of lying on one's side;
The adjustment process of lying down is:Special the wounded is state of lying down at this time, and air bag inflation makes its surface protrude The inner surface of hook-shaped shovel board or auxiliary support plate, special the wounded's body are contacted with air bag;
Rotating mechanism drives stretcher main body, hook-shaped shovel board, auxiliary support plate rotation, while the second driving motor rotates, band Dynamic guide rail is reversely rotated relative to the 5th electric rotating machine, i.e., guide rail is identical as the rotating speed of the 5th electric rotating machine but direction of rotation phase Instead so that stretcher main body overturns 180 °, and special the wounded remains face upward;
The described adjustment process of lying prone down is:Special the wounded is the state of lying prone down at this time, and air bag is deflated, its surface is made to be less than The inner surface of hook-shaped shovel board or auxiliary support plate, special the wounded's body are contacted with the inner surface of hook-shaped shovel board or auxiliary support plate; Rotating mechanism drives stretcher main body, hook-shaped shovel board, auxiliary support plate rotation, the second driving motor to be failure to actuate, then hook-shaped shovel board and Auxiliary support plate drives special the wounded to overturn together, makes special the wounded and 180 ° of the overturning jointly of stretcher main body;
The adjustment process of lying on one's side is:Special the wounded is side state at this time;Air bag is first deflated, and keeps its surface low In hook-shaped shovel board or the inner surface of auxiliary support plate, special the wounded's body and the inner surface of hook-shaped shovel board or auxiliary support plate connect It touches;Rotating mechanism drives stretcher body rotation, the second driving motor to be failure to actuate, then hook-shaped shovel board and auxiliary support plate drive together Special the wounded overturning, make its overturning for face upward;Then air bag is inflated, its surface is made to protrude hook-shaped shovel board or auxiliary branch The inner surface of fagging is simultaneously contacted with special the wounded's body;Guide rail is identical as the rotating speed of the 5th electric rotating machine but direction of rotation on the contrary, So that stretcher main body is overturn to 180 °, and the wounded remains the state of face upward;
After special the wounded's set-up procedure, stretcher reset process is also carried out, stretcher reset process is:First driving electricity Machine rotates, and drives cross bar to move outward, the wounded is gently placed in stretcher main body;Then the first electric rotating machine rotates, and makes hook-shaped Shovel board and auxiliary support plate are rotated along the axis of cross bar, and from the front of stretcher main body or rear portion around stretcher main body to stretcher master The lower section of body, then cross bar is shunk inwardly, while hook-shaped shovel board and auxiliary support plate are mutually drawn close to form closure petal-shaped;The Two telescopic rods rotate to be vertical state and the omni-directional wheel of its lower end contacts again with ground;
After stretcher reset process, special the wounded is transported to designated position by stretcher, is transported process and is disposed step with common the wounded Rapid process is consistent.
Preferably, described common the wounded disposes in step, and after common the wounded, which is lifted, to be put into stretcher main body, pressure is answered Become piece and send pressure change signal to central processing unit, central processing unit starts 360 ° of full-view cameras and around being shot Ambient image passes to image processing module, and image processing module creates stretcher according to ambient enviroment image in virtual environment Ambient enviroment threedimensional model includes at least stretcher surrounding road model, the barrier model on road in threedimensional model;Then in Stretcher present position that central processor is sent according to GPS positioning module and the destination locations inputted in touching display screen Travelling route is calculated, omni-directional wheel is then controlled and walks according to travelling route;
In walking process, central processing unit is according to the adjustment four second in real time of the road surface shape in surrounding road model The length of telescopic rod makes stretcher main body remain horizontality;Central processing unit also monitors on road in real time in walking process Barrier model, when there is barrier model in front of the travelling route, then central processing unit plans travelling route again, then Control omni-directional wheel walks on according to new travelling route cut-through object, until designated position is arrived in walking.
Preferably, described special the wounded disposes in step, the shaft coupling of multifunctional stretcher front end and the 5th electric rotating machine Connection, then central processing unit starts thermal imaging system, the vital movement body near searching stretcher, and gets the bid in surrounding road model Go out the position of life mobile, then shows surrounding road model and vital movement body on a display screen;Medical staff is more One of special the wounded succoured as needs is clicked in a vital movement body;Then central processing unit control omnidirectional moves in turn Make, makes near stretcher bulk motion to special the wounded.
Preferably, described special the wounded disposes in step, and after special the wounded is scooped up, varifocal camera shooting is special The pose presentation of the wounded, and pose presentation is sent to central processing unit, which is sent to image by central processing unit Processing module identifies that the posture of special the wounded is to lie down state or the state of lying prone down or side state;Subsequently into special the wounded Set-up procedure.
Preferably, described special the wounded disposes in step, lie on one's side adjustment process when, air bag inflation makes it Surface protrudes the inner surface of hook-shaped shovel board or auxiliary support plate, and special the wounded's body is contacted with air bag;
Rotating mechanism drives stretcher main body, hook-shaped shovel board, auxiliary support plate rotation, while the second driving motor rotates, band Dynamic guide rail is reversely rotated relative to the 5th electric rotating machine, guide rail is different from the rotating speed of the 5th electric rotating machine and direction of rotation on the contrary, While so that stretcher main body is overturn to 180 °, special the wounded overturns to facial state upward.
Preferably, described special the wounded disposes in step, and central processing unit starts thermal imaging system, finds near stretcher Then vital movement body judges multiple vital movement body profiles near stretcher, when judging the profile for human body contour outline When, varifocal camera is directed at the human body contour outline and is persistently taken pictures certain time, if in the time human body contour outline be in lie down or It lies prone down or side state and no movement, then the special the wounded succoured the vital movement body as needs.
The invention has the advantages that:Multifunctional stretcher can be handled the wound of the different conditions of the injury accordingly, general The logical wounded can directly lift and be placed in stretcher main body, special the wounded in lie low, lie prone down, lie on one's side when, multifunctional stretcher To be scooped up and special the wounded is rotated to be lying status, then put down gently in stretcher main body, when rotation special the wounded body The stretcher part being in contact with it does not relatively move or relative rotation, effectively increases the safety during rescue, reduces two Secondary injury;Multifunctional stretcher can automatic moving to designated position, and be to move horizontally, improving the safety of rescue process Property.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is multifunctional stretcher front view;
Fig. 2 is multifunctional stretcher left view;
Fig. 3 is guide rail and hook-shaped shovel board structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is that guide rail is caught in hook-shaped shovel board groove schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is multifunctional stretcher contraction state schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is multifunctional stretcher expanded schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is electric lifting stand front view;
Fig. 8 is electric lifting stand left view;
Fig. 9 is that multifunctional stretcher closes up schematic diagram when the wounded is face-up;
Figure 10 is that multifunctional stretcher rotates schematic diagram when the wounded is face-up;
Figure 11 is that multifunctional stretcher rotates 180 ° when the wounded is face-up;
Figure 12 is driving cross bar makes the wounded fall in stretcher main body schematic diagram to both sides movement;
Figure 13 is that multifunctional stretcher restPoses schematic diagram;
Figure 14, which is that hook-shaped shovel board is opposite with guide rail in Figure 10, reversely rotates schematic diagram;
Multifunctional stretcher closes up schematic diagram when Figure 15 is the wounded's face down;
Multifunctional stretcher rotates schematic diagram when Figure 16 is the wounded's face down;
Figure 17 is that hook-shaped shovel board rotates jointly schematic diagram with guide rail in Figure 16;
Figure 18 is multifunctional stretcher process for using figure;
Figure 19 multifunctional stretcher control circuit schematic diagrams.
Specific implementation mode
A kind of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher as shown in Fig. 1-Figure 19, including stretcher main body 4-1, on stretcher main body 4-1 point It An Zhuan not shovel board group, Auxiliary support board group, supporting mechanism, shovel board scaling device, sensor module and controller;Stretcher main body 4- 1 that at least two cross through hole 4-2, each cross through hole 4-2 are arranged along its length is built-in there are two the first driving motor 4- 3, each first driving motor 4-3 can drive cross bar 4-4 transverse shiftings in cross through hole 4-2;
Brshless DC motor, such as river in Jiangsu Province which flows into the Huangpu River of Shanghai outstanding person's 110BL03-630 type brushless direct-currents may be used in the first driving motor 4-3 Motor or river in Jiangsu Province which flows into the Huangpu River of Shanghai outstanding person's 86BLF130 type brshless DC motors can also be the direct current generator of other models and fix than formula retarder It is used cooperatively, the power supply of the first driving motor 4-3 can be mounted in the lithium battery or iron lithium phosphate of stretcher ontology corresponding position Battery, can also the power supply of external plug form.
The shovel board scaling device includes cross bar 4-4, and cross bar 4-4 stretches out the end point installation the of the sides stretcher main body 4-1 One electric rotating machine 4-6, the first electric rotating machine 4-6 is coaxially disposed with cross bar 4-4;The output shaft lateral surface of first electric rotating machine 4-6 It is connect with the input terminal of first clutch 4-18, one end that the output end of first clutch 4-18 penetrates the first telescopic rod 4-5 is set In the earhole set;First telescopic rod 4-5 and cross bar 4-4 is vertically arranged;
The first clutch 4-18 can be more friction plate clutch or the bitubular clutch of electromagnetic coupling formula;Institute The the first telescopic rod 4-5 stated can select the industrial automation electric pushrod U7 systems of ANT-52 types electric pushrod or Te Muyou companies The electric pushrod of row or other models, can also select the electric pushrod or hydraulic push rod of suitable types;
As shown in Figure 1, at least two shovel board groups and at least two are arranged in the lower section of stretcher main body 4-1 along its length A Auxiliary support board group, each shovel board group include two hook-shaped shovel board 4-7, and the hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 passes through second clutch 4-8 It is connect in the second electric rotating machine 4-9 of the first telescopic rod 4-5 other ends with being arranged;Each Auxiliary support board group includes two circular arcs Shape auxiliary support plate 4-10, auxiliary support plate 4-10 are by third clutch 4-11 with setting in the first telescopic rod 4-5 other ends The 4-12 connections of third electric rotating machine;Second electric rotating machine 4-9 is coaxially disposed with third electric rotating machine 4-12;Second electric rotating machine 4-9 is vertically arranged with the first telescopic rod 4-5, is arranged in the both sides stretcher main body 4-1, opposite two the first telescopic rod 4-5 Shovel board group and Auxiliary support board group collectively form a cylindrical shape, the upper semi-circle of cylindrical shape is by two hook-shaped shovel board 4- 7 compositions, lower half circle are made of two auxiliary support plate 4-10;
The stretcher main body 4-1 is the tablet that latticed steel wire is made or the tablet with perforation gas port, along flat Multiple straight slots are arranged in the length direction of plate, fan 6-1 are arranged in straight slot, the front and back of tablet is laid with heating and thermal insulation respectively Layer, heating insulation layer include the electric heating wire 6-2 that serpentine fashion is laid with, and the lateral surface of electric heating wire 6-2 is laid with polylith with saturating Temperature sensor 6-4, temperature sensor 6-4 and setting is arranged in the surface corresponding position of the foam-rubber cushion 6-3 of stomata, foam-rubber cushion 6-3 Liquid crystal display in the ends stretcher main body 4-1 connects.
The temperature sensor 6-4 can be AF110 infrared type human body temperature measurers, can also be that LH-SB-101 formulas are non- Contact thermography instrument can also be the human body temperature measurer of contact, can also be the temperature of contact or other contactless models Sensor is spent, using LH-SB-101 formula non-contact temperature measuring instrument or AF110 infrared type human body temperature measurers, two temperature measurers are included Liquid crystal display;When the wounded is placed on stretcher main body 4-1, the temperature of the wounded can be acquired by temperature sensor 6-4 And be shown in display screen, medical staff can select to open fan according to the body temp and current environmental temperature of the wounded It is warming to the wounded that 6-1 cools down to the wounded or start electric heating wire 6-2, and the wounded is made preferably to keep its body in moving process The temperature of body surface face ambient enviroment is in a more suitable constant temperature section;The start and stop of fan 6-1 and electric heating wire 6-2 are also It may be implemented to automatically control, such as the parameter of temperature sensor 6-4 be sent to microcontroller, sentenced by the control program in microcontroller It is disconnected, and fan 6-1 or electric heating wire 6-2 is controlled by microcontroller and carries out cooling or Keep-warm operation accordingly.
As Figure 3-Figure 4, the inner surface of the hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 and auxiliary support plate 4-10 is respectively equipped with arc-shaped The slot bottom of card slot 4-12, arc-shaped card slot 4-12 are equipped with the second driving motor 4-13, on the output shaft of the second driving motor 4-13 Connection gear 4-14;The arc-shaped rail 4-15 that setting can slide along in arc-shaped card slot 4-12, the two sides of guide rail 4-15 The convex block of setting is stuck in the groove of the two sides arc-shaped card slot 4-12 corresponding position setting, the outer surface of arc-shaped rail 4-15 Arc-shaped rack 4-16 is set, and rack 4-16 is meshed with gear 4-14, there are one installations or more on the inner surface of guide rail 4-15 A arc-shaped strip air bag 4-17 being set up in parallel:
The guide rail 4-15, rack 4-16, gear 4-14 can bases《Mechanical design handbook》The calculating side of middle recommendation Method carries out corresponding design and calculates, and guide rail can also select existing upper silver EG guide track series or MG guide track series or other brands Guide rail and sliding block;High elastic rubber material or the encryption of high resiliency Kafra fiber layer may be used in the air bag 4-17 Coating is sealed as pneumatophore, then pressure regulator valve, intake valve, outlet is arranged in corresponding position on the air inlet of pneumatophore and gas outlet The gas supply assemblies such as valve, air pump.
As shown in Figs. 7-8, the rotating mechanism 5 includes the 5th electric rotating machine 5-1 being arranged near stretcher front end, The output shaft of 5th electric rotating machine 5-1 and the shaft coupling 5-2 of stretcher front end setting constitute detachable connection, can be bolt-types Connection or the connection of electric-controlled mechanical lock construction;Shaft coupling 5-2 is welded or is bolted to connection with stretcher main body 4-1;5th rotation Rotating motor 5-1 is mounted on moveable electric lifting stand 5-3;
The supporting mechanism is by totally four the second telescopic rod 4- before and after being separately positioned at left and right sides of stretcher main body 4-1 19 compositions, the second lower ends telescopic rod 4-19 connect omni-directional wheel 4-20, and upper end is by the 4th clutch 4-21 and is mounted on stretcher master 4th electric rotating machine 4-22 connections of corresponding position on body 4-1, the 4th electric rotating machine 4-22 axially along stretcher horizontal direction water Flat setting;
The sensor module includes 360 ° of full-view camera 1-2 mounted on the front-end and back-end stretcher main body 4-1, panorama Thermal imaging system 1-3, varifocal camera 1-4 are also installed, sensor module further includes being mounted on stretcher main body 4-1 on camera 1-2 The pressure-strain piece 1-11 of front and back, sensor module and central processing unit 1-1 communication connections;
It is as shown in figure 19, central processing unit 1-1 also respectively with the first driving motor 4-3, the first electric rotating machine 4-6, One clutch 4-18, the first telescopic rod 4-5, second clutch 4-8, the second electric rotating machine 4-9, third clutch 4-11, third Electric rotating machine 4-12, the second driving motor 4-13, the second telescopic rod 4-19, omni-directional wheel 4-20, the 4th clutch 4-21, Yi Jichong The air pressure regulator of gas air bag 4-17 communicates to connect;The central processing unit 1-1 also respectively with touching display screen 1-5, nothing Line signal transmitting and receiving module 1-6, image processing module 1-7, GPS positioning module 1-8 communication connections;Central processing unit 1-1 can be Filter, the signal handling equipments such as signal amplifier are encapsulated inside it, it also can also outer signal processing equipment.
Fluorite C6P panorama type IP Cameras may be used in the full-view camera 1-2, which is provided simultaneously with infrared Night vision component can be shot at night, and 360 ° of panorama automobile data recorders of Han Qi companies, the recorder can also be used to remove Outside with camera function, wireless signal transceiver, touch display unit and image processing apparatus, the recorder are also carried The image processing apparatus of carrying can show ambient enviroment outdoor scene and obstacle in conjunction with range sensor in touch display unit Object, and plan driving route;The thermal imaging system 1-3 can be Flir One formula infrared thermographies, can also be Fotric 233 can also be the thermal imaging system of other models, this two thermal imaging system can automatically determine target range simultaneously Imaging data is wirelessly sent to cloud server, the thermal imaging profile in picture can also be extracted;
The pressure-strain piece 1-11 can be BF1K-3AA or BF350-3AA type resistive pressure foil gauges, can also It is the pressure-strain piece of other models;NI PXI-6238 boards may be used in the central processing unit 1-1, can also use NC-PCI-6509 boards, and coordinate the graphics processing card being adapted with two kinds of boards, can also be the PLC controls of Mitsubishi FX1S types Device or Mitsubishi PLC FX3U-32MR/ES programmable controllers, and PLC controller and CMUCAM3 picture recognition modules are connected It connects, realizes analysis to image, modeling function.
The central processing unit 1-1 can also be the MPC574xB-C-G type MCU of NXP companies, which can be straight It connects and is communicated to connect with the camera of MXP companies and range sensor, and MCU internal calculations realize automatic Pilot, therefore profit again It can be completely achieved the automatic control function of multifunctional stretcher after being applied in combination with the MCU of the said firm, camera, range sensor, MCU can also carry out virtual three-dimensional modeling to the ambient enviroment that camera acquires simultaneously, be provided using NXP companies Automated Drive Kit softwares realize the Dummy modeling process of stretcher ambient enviroment.
The central processing unit 1-1, touching display screen 1-5, wireless signal transceiver module 1-6, image processing module The automated driving system that 1-7, GPS positioning module 1-8 can also use other autonomous driving vehicles to use directly is replaced, such as is made It can be completely achieved the surrounding road environment of multifunctional stretcher with the control system of published Google's autonomous driving vehicle and software Modeling process and automatic running process.
Each application valve body and air pump of the air bag 4-17 and central controller 1-1 communication connections are simultaneously controlled by it System.
When being given first aid to using multifunctional stretcher, omni-directional wheel 4-20, the first driving electricity can be manually controlled by medical staff The electrical equipments such as machine 4-3, the first telescopic rod 4-5 can also be by the list of above-mentioned electrical equipment and MSC51 series or other models Piece machine communicates to connect, and the control signal input of microcontroller connect with controller, is inputted pair by medical staff's operation and control device The startup of each electrical equipment or control instruction;It can also be to increase sensor module and central controller, realize multifunctional stretcher Automatically walk and automation realize that special the wounded disposes step;
It is art technology using manually controlling each electrical equipment or controlling the technology of each electrical equipment using microcontroller Personnel can on the basis of existing technology, in conjunction with the control process that present specification is directly realized by, therefore to simplify the explanation, this Application only realizes that the automatic control process of multifunctional stretcher is described to increasing sensor module and central controller one.
As shown in figure 18, the rescue method of the thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher includes that common the wounded disposes step, spy Different the wounded disposes step;
As shown in Figure 5, common the wounded placement step is:Cross bar 4-4 is collapsible into cross through hole to greatest extent In 4-2, the first telescopic rod 4-5 is retracted to most short, and shovel board group and Auxiliary support board group are in below stretcher main body 4-1 in being closed flower Petaloid is close to each other;The hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 and auxiliary support plate 4-10 being mounted on the same first telescopic rod 4-5 are mutually leaned on Close to form approximate ellipse shape, the opposite hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 and auxiliary support plate 4-10 positioned at the other sides stretcher main body 4-1 is tight It is attached on the outside of approximate ellipse shape;
Second telescopic rod 4-19 contacts for the omni-directional wheel 4-20 of vertical state and its lower end with ground;When common the wounded is lifted After being put into stretcher main body, pressure-strain piece 1-11 sends pressure change signal, central processing unit 1-1 to central processing unit 1-1 Start 360 ° of full-view camera 1-2 and the environmental view Image relaying shot gives image processing module 1-7, image procossing mould Block 1-7 creates stretcher ambient enviroment threedimensional model in virtual environment, is included at least in threedimensional model according to ambient enviroment image Barrier model on stretcher surrounding road model, road;Then central processing unit 1-1 is sent according to GPS positioning module 1-8 The destination locations inputted in stretcher present position and touching display screen 1-5 calculate travelling route, then control omnidirectional Wheel 4-20 walks according to travelling route;
In walking process, central processing unit 1-1 is according to the adjustment four in real time of the road surface shape in surrounding road model The length of second telescopic rod 4-19 makes stretcher main body 4-1 remain horizontality;Central processing unit 1-1 is also in walking process Barrier model on monitoring road in real time, when there is barrier model in front of the travelling route, then central processing unit 1-1 is again It plans travelling route, then controls omni-directional wheel 4-20 and walk on according to new travelling route cut-through object, until walking is arrived Designated position;The calculating process of cut-through object can refer to the calculating side of pilotless automobile cut-through object in the prior art The method of method or sweeping robot cut-through object;
The wounded, can also be by controlling fan and electric heating wire preferably to keep the wounded's body surface in moving process The temperature of ambient enviroment is in a more suitable constant temperature section.
Described special the wounded disposes the step to be:It is more when special the wounded lies down due to inconvenience is lifted or is assisted on ground The shaft coupling 5-2 and the 5th electric rotating machine 5-1 of 4 front end of function stretcher, then central processing unit 1-1 startups thermal imaging system 1-3, seeks The vital movement body near stretcher is looked for, the position for the life mobile that then gets the bid out in surrounding road model, and by surrounding road Model and vital movement body are shown on display screen 1-5;Medical staff clicks one of work in multiple vital movement bodies To need the special the wounded succoured;Then central processing unit 1-1 controls omni-directional wheel 4-20 actions, and stretcher main body 4-1 is made to move to Near special the wounded;
Determine special the wounded process can also automation mechanized operation, central processing unit 1-1 starts thermal imaging system 1-3, finds Vital movement body near stretcher, then image processing module 1-7 multiple vital movement body profiles near stretcher are sentenced It is disconnected, when judging the profile for human body contour outline, varifocal camera 1-4 is directed at the human body contour outline and is persistently taken pictures certain time, It lies down or lies prone down or side state and no movement if human body contour outline is in the time, using the vital movement body as needs Special the wounded of relief.
First driving motor 4-3 rotations drive cross bar 4-4 mobile to the outsides cross through hole 4-2, while the first telescopic rod 4- 5 elongations, then the second hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 rotations of electric rotating machine 4-9 drives, third electric rotating machine 4-12 drive auxiliary support plate 4- 10 rotations stop operating, at this time after so that the hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 of the sides stretcher main body 4-1 and auxiliary support plate 4-10 is formed semicircle Hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 lower ends contact ground, and special the wounded is exactly among the shovel board group of both sides;
Second telescopic rod 4-19 is shunk, and keeps omni-directional wheel 4-20 liftoff, then the bottom end of lifting support 5-3 is contacted with ground, together When the 4th electric rotating machine 4-22 action, the second telescopic rod 4-19 is rotated to horizontality, then lifting support 5-3 is slowly moved It is dynamic, so that stretcher main body 1-1 is located above special the wounded;
First driving motor 4-3 rotations, drive cross bar 4-4 to cross through hole 4-2 medial movements, then flexible by first Bar 4-5 drives hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 and auxiliary support plate 4-10 to be drawn close together to centre, makes the hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 and auxiliary of both sides Support plate 4-10 constitutes a circle, from the ground by the wounded's shovel;Varifocal camera 1-4 shoots the pose presentation of special the wounded, and will Pose presentation is sent to central processing unit 1-1, which is sent to image processing module 1-7 by central processing unit 1-1, knows The posture for not going out special the wounded is to lie down state or the state of lying prone down or side state;Subsequently into special the wounded's set-up procedure;
Special the wounded's set-up procedure include lie down adjustment process, lie prone down adjustment process, adjustment process of lying on one's side;
As Figure 9-Figure 11, the adjustment process of lying down is:Special the wounded is to lie down state, air bag at this time 4-17 is inflated, its surface is made to protrude the inner surface of hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 or auxiliary support plate 4-10, special the wounded's body and inflating air Capsule 4-17 contacts;
Rotating mechanism 5 drives stretcher main body 4-1, hook-shaped shovel board 4-7, auxiliary support plate 4-10 rotations, while the second driving Motor 4-13 rotations, drive guide rail 4-15 to be reversely rotated relative to the 5th electric rotating machine 5-1, i.e. guide rail 4-15 and the 5th electric rotating The rotating speed of machine 5-1 is identical but direction of rotation is opposite so that stretcher main body 4-1 overturns 180 °, and special the wounded remains face State upward;
As shown in Figure 15-Figure 17, the adjustment process of lying prone down is:Special the wounded is the state of lying prone down, inflating air at this time Capsule 4-17 deflates, its surface is made to be less than the inner surface of hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 or auxiliary support plate 4-10, the wounded's body and hook-shaped shovel board The inner surface of 4-7 or auxiliary support plate 4-10 contact;Rotating mechanism 5 drives stretcher main body 4-1, hook-shaped shovel board 4-7, Auxiliary support Plate 4-10 rotations, the second driving motor 4-13 are failure to actuate, then hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 and auxiliary support plate 4-10 drive special wound together Person overturns, and makes special the wounded and stretcher main body 4-1 180 ° of overturnings jointly;
The adjustment process of lying on one's side is:Special the wounded is side state at this time;Air bag 4-17 first deflates, and makes its table Face is less than the inner surface of hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 or auxiliary support plate 4-10, special the wounded's body and hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 or Auxiliary support The inner surface of plate 4-10 contacts;Rotating mechanism 5 drives the 4-1 rotations of stretcher main body, and the second driving motor 4-13 is failure to actuate, then hook-shaped Shovel board 4-7 and auxiliary support plate 4-10 drives special the wounded to overturn together, make its overturning for face upward;Then air bag 4- 17 inflations, make its surface protrude the inner surface of hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 or auxiliary support plate 4-10 and be contacted with special the wounded's body;It leads Rail 4-15 is identical as the rotating speed of the 5th electric rotating machine 5-1 but direction of rotation is opposite so that and stretcher main body 4-1 is overturn to 180 °, and The wounded remains the state of face upward;
The adjustment of lying on one's side can also carry out in the following way:Air bag 4-17 inflations, make its surface protrude and hook The inner surface of shape shovel board 4-7 or auxiliary support plate 4-10, special the wounded's body are contacted with air bag 4-17;
Rotating mechanism 5 rotates, while guide rail 4-15 is reversely rotated relative to the 5th electric rotating machine 5-1, guide rail 4-15 and the The rotating speed of five electric rotating machine 5-1 is different and direction of rotation is opposite so that while the 4-1 overturnings of stretcher main body, special the wounded is opposite In ground also in a degree of overturning, when stretcher main body 4-1 is overturn to 180 ° together, special the wounded overturns to face upward.
As illustrated by figs. 12-13, after special the wounded's set-up procedure, stretcher reset process is also carried out, stretcher resets Step is:First driving motor 4-3 rotations, drive cross bar 4-4 to move outward, the wounded are gently placed on stretcher main body 4-1;So First electric rotating machine 4-6 rotation afterwards makes hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 and auxiliary support plate 4-10 be rotated along the axis of cross bar 4-4, and from load The front or rear portion of frame body 4-1 is received inwardly around stretcher main body 4-1 to the lower section of stretcher main body 4-1, then cross bar 4-4 Contracting, while hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 and auxiliary support plate 4-10 mutually draw close to form closure petal-shaped;Second telescopic rod 4-19 is rotated to be The omni-directional wheel 4-20 of vertical state and its lower end is contacted again with ground;
After stretcher reset process, special the wounded is transported to designated position by stretcher, is transported process and is disposed step with common the wounded Rapid process is consistent.
Multifunctional stretcher can be handled the wounded of the different conditions of the injury accordingly, and the common wounded can directly lift and be placed on load On frame body, special the wounded in lie low, lie prone down, lie on one's side when, multifunctional stretcher can be scooped up and by special the wounded Rotate to be lying status, then put down gently in stretcher main body, rotate and the process of putting down gently do not need special the wounded body movement, effectively The safety during rescue is improved, secondary injury is reduced.
Preferably embodiment is:Suspension assembly, suspension group are set between the first telescopic rod 4-5 and omni-directional wheel 4-20 Part includes air spring, adjustable-damping shock absorber;In the process of walking, central processing unit 1-1 can be according to road surface feelings for stretcher Condition adjusts the rigidity of air spring and the damped coefficient of damper in real time, so that omni-directional wheel 4-20 is preferably adapted to road surface, together When effectively reduce the vertical vibration of stretcher ontology, improve comfort.
Preferably embodiment is:Striated is set on the inner surface of the hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 and auxiliary support plate 4-10 Or graininess skid resistant course, skid resistant course can be the elastic plastic material that rubber material or polymer composite are made, institute State the side corresponding position setting bandage of hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 and auxiliary support plate 4-10;When special the wounded and stretcher ontology are common When rotation, skid resistant course and bandage can allow special the wounded to be fitted closely without phase with hook-shaped shovel board 4-7 or auxiliary support plate 4-10 Mutually sliding improves overturning efficiency;Based on the same principle, mutually isostructural skid resistant course can also be arranged in air bag surface.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher, it is characterised in that:The multifunctional stretcher (4) includes stretcher main body (4-1), stretcher Shovel board group, Auxiliary support board group, supporting mechanism, shovel board scaling device are installed respectively in main body (4-1);The edge stretcher main body (4-1) At least two cross through hole (4-2) are arranged in its length direction, and each cross through hole (4-2) is built-in, and there are two the first driving motors (4-3), each first driving motor (4-3) can drive a cross bar (4-4) in cross through hole (4-2) interior transverse shifting;
The shovel board scaling device includes cross bar (4-4), and cross bar (4-4) stretches out the end point installation of the side stretcher main body (4-1) First electric rotating machine (4-6), the first electric rotating machine (4-6) are coaxially disposed with cross bar (4-4);First electric rotating machine (4-6) it is defeated Shaft lateral surface is connect with the input terminal of first clutch (4-18), and the output end of first clutch (4-18) penetrates first and stretches In the earhole of one end setting of bar (4-5);First telescopic rod (4-5) is vertically arranged with cross bar (4-4);
At least two shovel board groups and at least two auxiliary support plates are arranged in the lower section of stretcher main body (4-1) along its length Group, each shovel board group include two hook-shaped shovel boards (4-7), and the hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) passes through second clutch (4-8) and setting It is connected in second electric rotating machine (4-9) of the first telescopic rod (4-5) other end;Each Auxiliary support board group includes two arc-shaped Auxiliary support plate (4-10), auxiliary support plate (4-10) is by third clutch (4-11) with setting at the first telescopic rod (4-5) The third electric rotating machine (4-12) of the other end connects;Second electric rotating machine (4-9) is coaxially disposed with third electric rotating machine (4-12); Second electric rotating machine (4-9) is vertically arranged with the first telescopic rod (4-5), is arranged the both sides stretcher main body (4-1), opposite two Shovel board group on a first telescopic rod (4-5) collectively forms a cylindrical shape, the upper half of cylindrical shape with Auxiliary support board group Circle is made of two hook-shaped shovel boards (4-7), and lower half circle is made of two auxiliary support plates (4-10);
The inner surface of the hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) and auxiliary support plate (4-10) is respectively equipped with arc-shaped card slot (4-12), circular arc The slot bottom of shape card slot (4-12) is equipped with the second driving motor (4-13), connection gear on the output shaft of the second driving motor (4-13) (4-14);The arc-shaped rail (4-15) that setting can slide along in arc-shaped card slot (4-12), the two sides of guide rail (4-15) The convex block of setting is stuck in the groove of the two sides corresponding position arc-shaped card slot (4-12) setting, outside arc-shaped rail (4-15) Arc-shaped rack (4-16) is arranged in surface, and rack (4-16) is meshed with gear (4-14), pacifies on the inner surface of guide rail (4-15) The arc-shaped strip air bag (4-17) being set up in parallel equipped with one or more;
The rotating mechanism (5) includes the 5th electric rotating machine (5-1) being arranged near stretcher front end, the 5th electric rotating machine (5- 1) output shaft and the shaft coupling (5-2) of stretcher front end setting constitute detachable connection, shaft coupling (5-2) and stretcher main body (4-1) is fixedly connected;5th electric rotating machine (5-1) is mounted on moveable electric lifting stand (5-3);
The supporting mechanism is by front and back totally four the second telescopic rod (4- for being separately positioned at left and right sides of stretcher main body (4-1) 19) form, the lower end the second telescopic rod (4-19) connect omni-directional wheel (4-20), upper end by the 4th clutch (4-21) be mounted on In stretcher main body (4-1) corresponding position the 4th electric rotating machine (4-22) connection, the 4th electric rotating machine (4-22) axially along load Frame horizontal direction is horizontally disposed;
The stretcher main body (4-1) is the tablet that latticed steel wire is made or the tablet with perforation gas port, along tablet Length direction multiple straight slots are set, setting fan (6-1) in straight slot, the front and back of tablet is laid with heating and thermal insulation respectively Layer, heating insulation layer include the electric heating wire (6-2) that serpentine fashion is laid with, and the lateral surface of electric heating wire (6-2) is laid with polylith band There are the foam-rubber cushion (6-3) of air hole, the surface corresponding position setting temperature sensor (6-4) of foam-rubber cushion (6-3), temperature sensor The liquid crystal display of (6-4) with setting in the end stretcher main body (4-1) is connect.
2. a kind of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The multifunctional stretcher also wraps Include sensor module and controller;The sensor module includes complete mounted on 360 ° of the front-end and back-end stretcher main body (4-1) Scape camera (1-2) also installs thermal imaging system (1-3), varifocal camera (1-4), sensor module on full-view camera (1-2) Further include the pressure-strain piece (1-11) mounted on stretcher main body (4-1) front and back, sensor module and central processing unit (1-1) communicate to connect, central processing unit (1-1) also respectively with the first driving motor (4-3), the first electric rotating machine (4-6), first Clutch (4-18), the first telescopic rod (4-5), second clutch (4-8), the second electric rotating machine (4-9), third clutch (4- 11), third electric rotating machine (4-12), the second driving motor (4-13), the second telescopic rod (4-19), omni-directional wheel (4-20), the 4th The air pressure regulator of clutch (4-21) and air bag (4-17) communicates to connect;The central processing unit (1-1) also divides Not with touching display screen (1-5), wireless signal transceiver module (1-6), image processing module (1-7), GPS positioning module (1- 8) it communicates to connect.
3. a kind of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First telescopic rod (4-5) Suspension assembly is set between omni-directional wheel (4-20), and suspension assembly includes air spring, adjustable-damping shock absorber.
4. a kind of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) and Striated or graininess skid resistant course, the hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) and auxiliary branch are set on the inner surface of auxiliary support plate (4-10) Bandage is arranged in the side corresponding position of fagging (4-10).
5. according to the rescue method of any one thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher in claim 1 to claim 4, feature exists In:The rescue process includes that common the wounded disposes step, special the wounded to dispose step;
Described common the wounded disposes the step to be:Cross bar (4-4) is collapsible into greatest extent in cross through hole (4-2), and first stretches Contracting bar (4-5) is retracted to most short, and shovel board group and Auxiliary support board group are in below stretcher main body (4-1) mutual in petal-shaped is closed It is close;The hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) and auxiliary support plate (4-10) being mounted on same first telescopic rod (4-5) are close to each other Form approximate ellipse shape, the opposite hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) and auxiliary support plate (4- positioned at the other side stretcher main body (4-1) 10) it is tightly attached on the outside of approximate ellipse shape;
Second telescopic rod (4-19) contacts for the omni-directional wheel (4-20) of vertical state and its lower end with ground;Medical staff passes through control The movement of multifunctional stretcher is realized in the rotation of four omni-directional wheels (4-20) of system;
Described special the wounded disposes the step to be:When special the wounded lies down due to inconvenience is lifted or is assisted on ground, medical care people Multifunctional stretcher is moved near special the wounded by member;Then the first driving motor (4-3) rotates, and drives cross bar (4-4) to cross It is mobile on the outside of to through-hole (4-2), while the first telescopic rod (4-5) extends, then the second electric rotating machine (4-9) drives hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) is rotated, and third electric rotating machine (4-12) drives auxiliary support plate (4-10) to rotate, and makes the hook of the side stretcher main body (4-1) Shape shovel board (4-7) stops operating after forming semicircle with auxiliary support plate (4-10), at this time hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) lower end contact Ground, special the wounded are exactly among the shovel board group of both sides;
Second telescopic rod (4-19) is shunk, and keeps omni-directional wheel (4-20) liftoff, then the bottom end of lifting support (5-3) is contacted with ground, 4th electric rotating machine (4-22) action simultaneously, by the second telescopic rod (4-19) rotation to horizontality, then lifting support (5-3) It is slowly mobile, so that stretcher main body (1-1) is located above special the wounded;
First driving motor (4-3) rotates, and drives cross bar (4-4) to cross through hole (4-2) medial movement, is then stretched by first Contracting bar (4-5) drives hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) and auxiliary support plate (4-10) to be drawn close together to centre, makes the hook-shaped shovel board of both sides (4-7) and auxiliary support plate (4-10) constitute a circle, from the ground by the wounded's shovel;
Special the wounded's set-up procedure include lie down adjustment process, lie prone down adjustment process, adjustment process of lying on one's side;
The adjustment process of lying down is:Special the wounded is state of lying down at this time, and air bag (4-17) inflation keeps its surface prominent Go out the inner surface of hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) or auxiliary support plate (4-10), special the wounded's body is contacted with air bag (4-17);
Rotating mechanism (5) drives stretcher main body (4-1), hook-shaped shovel board (4-7), auxiliary support plate (4-10) rotation, while second Driving motor (4-13) rotates, and drives guide rail (4-15) to be reversely rotated relative to the 5th electric rotating machine (5-1), i.e. guide rail (4-15) It is identical as the rotating speed of the 5th electric rotating machine (5-1) but direction of rotation is opposite so that stretcher main body (4-1) overturns 180 °, and special The wounded remains face upward;
The described adjustment process of lying prone down is:Special the wounded is the state of lying prone down at this time, and air bag (4-17) is deflated, and keeps its surface low In hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) or the inner surface of auxiliary support plate (4-10), special the wounded's body and hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) or auxiliary branch The inner surface of fagging (4-10) contacts;Rotating mechanism (5) drives stretcher main body (4-1), hook-shaped shovel board (4-7), auxiliary support plate (4-10) is rotated, and the second driving motor (4-13) is failure to actuate, then hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) and auxiliary support plate (4-10) drive together Special the wounded's overturning makes special the wounded and stretcher main body (4-1) 180 ° of overturning jointly;
The adjustment process of lying on one's side is:Special the wounded is side state at this time;Air bag (4-17) is first deflated, its surface is made Less than hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) or the inner surface of auxiliary support plate (4-10), special the wounded's body and hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) or auxiliary The inner surface of support plate (4-10) contacts;Rotating mechanism (5) drives stretcher main body (4-1) to rotate, the second driving motor (4-13) It is failure to actuate, then hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) and auxiliary support plate (4-10) drive special the wounded to overturn together, make its overturning for facial court On;Then air bag (4-17) is inflated, its surface is made to protrude the inner surface of hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) or auxiliary support plate (4-10) And it is contacted with special the wounded's body;Guide rail (4-15) is identical as the rotating speed of the 5th electric rotating machine (5-1) but direction of rotation is on the contrary, make Stretcher main body (4-1) overturning is obtained to 180 °, and the wounded remains the state of face upward;
After special the wounded's set-up procedure, stretcher reset process is also carried out, stretcher reset process is:First driving motor (4-3) is rotated, and is driven cross bar (4-4) to move outward, the wounded is gently placed in stretcher main body (4-1);Then the first electric rotating Machine (4-6) rotates, and makes the axis rotation of hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) and auxiliary support plate (4-10) along cross bar (4-4), and from stretcher master The front or rear portion of body (4-1) are around stretcher main body (4-1) to the lower section of stretcher main body (4-1), and then cross bar (4-4) is inwardly It shrinks, while hook-shaped shovel board (4-7) and auxiliary support plate (4-10) are mutually drawn close to form closure petal-shaped;Second telescopic rod (4- 19) omni-directional wheel (4-20) for rotating to be vertical state and its lower end contacts again with ground;
After stretcher reset process, special the wounded is transported to designated position by stretcher, is transported process and is disposed step mistake with common the wounded Journey is consistent.
6. a kind of rescue method of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Described is common The wounded disposes in step, and after common the wounded, which is lifted, to be put into stretcher main body, pressure-strain piece (1-11) is to central processing unit (1- 1) pressure change signal is sent, central processing unit (1-1) starts 360 ° of ambient enviroments full-view camera (1-2) and shot Image passes to image processing module (1-7), and image processing module (1-7) is created according to ambient enviroment image in virtual environment It builds stretcher ambient enviroment threedimensional model, stretcher surrounding road model, the barrier model on road is included at least in threedimensional model; Then the stretcher present position and touching display screen (1- that central processing unit (1-1) is sent according to GPS positioning module (1-8) 5) destination locations inputted in calculate travelling route, then control omni-directional wheel (4-20) and walk according to travelling route;
In walking process, central processing unit (1-1) is according to the adjustment four in real time of the road surface shape in surrounding road model the The length of two telescopic rods (4-19) makes stretcher main body (4-1) remain horizontality;Central processing unit (1- in walking process 1) the also barrier model on monitoring road in real time, when there is barrier model in front of the travelling route, then central processing unit (1- 1) travelling route is planned again, is then controlled omni-directional wheel (4-20) and is walked on according to new travelling route cut-through object, directly Designated position is arrived to walking.
7. a kind of rescue method of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Described is special The wounded disposes in step, the shaft coupling (5-2) of multifunctional stretcher (4) front end and the connection of the 5th electric rotating machine (5-1), then central Processor (1-1) starts thermal imaging system (1-3), finds the vital movement body near stretcher, and marked in surrounding road model Then surrounding road model and vital movement body are included on display screen (1-5) by the position of vital movement body;Medical staff exists One of special the wounded succoured as needs is clicked in multiple vital movement bodies;Then central processing unit (1-1) controls Omni-directional wheel (4-20) acts, and stretcher main body (4-1) is made to move near special the wounded.
8. a kind of rescue method of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Described is special The wounded disposes in step, and after special the wounded is scooped up, varifocal camera (1-4) shoots the pose presentation of special the wounded, and will Pose presentation is sent to central processing unit (1-1), which is sent to image processing module by central processing unit (1-1) (1-7) identifies that the posture of special the wounded is to lie down state or the state of lying prone down or side state;It is adjusted subsequently into special the wounded Step.
9. a kind of rescue method of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:Described is special The wounded disposes in step, lie on one's side adjustment process when, air bag (4-17) inflation makes its surface protrude hook-shaped shovel board (4- 7) or the inner surface of auxiliary support plate (4-10), special the wounded's body are contacted with air bag (4-17);
Rotating mechanism (5) drives stretcher main body (4-1), hook-shaped shovel board (4-7), auxiliary support plate (4-10) rotation, while second Driving motor (4-13) rotate, drive guide rail (4-15) is reversely rotated relative to the 5th electric rotating machine (5-1), guide rail (4-15) and The rotating speed of 5th electric rotating machine (5-1) is different and direction of rotation is opposite so that while stretcher main body (4-1) overturning is to 180 °, Special the wounded overturns to facial state upward.
10. a kind of rescue method of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The spy Different the wounded disposes in step, and central processing unit (1-1) starts thermal imaging system (1-3), finds the vital movement body near stretcher, so Multiple vital movement body profiles near stretcher are judged afterwards, when judging the profile for human body contour outline, by varifocal phase Machine (1-4) is directed at the human body contour outline and persistently takes pictures certain time, if human body contour outline is in and lies down or lie prone down or side in the time Sleeping state and no movement, the then special the wounded succoured the vital movement body as needs.
CN201810268490.1A 2018-03-28 2018-03-28 A kind of thermostatic type multifunctional stretcher and rescue method Withdrawn CN108324439A (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN108938222A (en) * 2018-06-15 2018-12-07 中国人民解放军陆军军医大学第三附属医院(野战外科研究所) Convenient for transporting the clinical operation cart of patient

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108938222A (en) * 2018-06-15 2018-12-07 中国人民解放军陆军军医大学第三附属医院(野战外科研究所) Convenient for transporting the clinical operation cart of patient

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Application publication date: 20180727