CN108296596A - A kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108296596A
CN108296596A CN201810246975.0A CN201810246975A CN108296596A CN 108296596 A CN108296596 A CN 108296596A CN 201810246975 A CN201810246975 A CN 201810246975A CN 108296596 A CN108296596 A CN 108296596A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutter
workpiece
displacement
guide rail
movable stand
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810246975.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐昌林
宋开金
高延炯
吴昭
吴正文
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GANSU WUWEI XINGWANG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
GANSU WUWEI XINGWANG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by GANSU WUWEI XINGWANG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd filed Critical GANSU WUWEI XINGWANG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810246975.0A priority Critical patent/CN108296596A/en
Publication of CN108296596A publication Critical patent/CN108296596A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K7/00Cutting, scarfing, or desurfacing by applying flames
    • B23K7/10Auxiliary devices, e.g. for guiding or supporting the torch
    • B23K7/105Auxiliary devices, e.g. for guiding or supporting the torch specially adapted for particular geometric forms

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus,Including rack,Profiling guide rail,Cutter,Cutter walking mechanism,Actuating unit,Profiling guide rail is arranged in the upper rack,The profiling guide rail side workpiece to be added is installed by clamping device,Cutter walking mechanism is arranged in the profiling guide upper,Cutter is arranged in cutter walking mechanism side,The cutter walking mechanism is connected with actuating unit,The profiling guide rail is made of two risers consistent with required workpiece appearance profile,The cutter walking mechanism includes guide bearing,Bearing support,Movable stand,Four guide bearings are arranged in the movable stand lower part,Four bearing supports are arranged in the movable stand top,Between four guide bearings cooperation installation and described two risers,Four bearing supports are arranged on described two riser tops.

Description

A kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to cutting equipment technical field, more particularly to a kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus.
Background technology
Currently, during manufacture of agricultural machinery, the workpiece for having particular/special requirement to appearance profile can be usually processed, such as deeply Pine shovel etc., and existing processing method is often on the steel plate after setting-out, by manually being cut using using flame cutter It completes, takes a lot of work time-consuming, productivity is low, and part's machining errors are big, and processing quality is poor.
Invention content
The present invention provides a kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus, for the existing workpiece for having particular/special requirement to appearance profile Processing, complete, take a lot of work time-consuming using using flame cutter cutting often by artificial, productivity is low, and part processing misses It is poor big, the problem of processing quality difference.
To achieve the goals above, technical scheme of the present invention is specific as follows:
A kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus, including rack, profiling guide rail, cutter, cutter walking mechanism, actuating unit, institute Upper rack setting profiling guide rail is stated, workpiece to be added, the profiling guide rail are installed in profiling guide rail side by clamping device Cutter walking mechanism is arranged in top, and cutter is arranged in cutter walking mechanism side, the cutter walking mechanism It is connected with actuating unit, the profiling guide rail is made of two risers consistent with required workpiece appearance profile.
The cutter walking mechanism includes guide bearing, bearing support, movable stand, the movable stand lower part setting Four guide bearings, the movable stand top are arranged four bearing supports, four guide bearings cooperation installation with it is described Between two risers, four bearing supports are arranged on described two riser tops.
Movable stand top setting cutter lateral position adjustment mechanism, cutter lateral position adjustment mechanism Cutter is installed in upper cooperation.
Cutter lateral position adjustment mechanism includes cutter mounting hole, movable plate, lateral displacement handle, limit Box, the position-limited box top are provided with both ends limiting plate jaggy, and orifice plate, the orifice plate and cross is arranged in described position-limited box one end To displacement handle one end pin joint, strip through-hole is set on the lateral displacement handle, movable plate is installed in the position-limited box, it is described Movable plate one end is bolted with the strip through-hole, the movable plate other end by cutter mounting hole thereon with The cutter is fixedly connected, and limited bolt is provided on the movable plate.
The actuating unit includes displacement drive gear, displacement screw rod, communtation deceleration gear-box, transmission belt, motor, described Electric machine main shaft is connected by the power input shaft of transmission belt and belt pulley and communtation deceleration gear-box, the communtation deceleration tooth The power output shaft of roller box is connected by gear with displacement drive gear, the displacement drive gear set in displacement screw rod, The displacement screw rod is threadedly coupled with the displacement drive gear, and displacement screw rod end connects with movable stand cooperation It connects.
Displacement drive gear side is fitted on bearing block.
The actuating unit is fixedly mounted in steering mechanism, and the steering mechanism includes that motor fixing seat, gearbox are solid Reservation, transmission mounts rotary shaft, rotation shaft supporting frame, the gearbox fixed seat side are fixedly connected with motor fixing seat, institute The transmission mounts rotary shaft that gearbox fixed seat is arranged by its side is stated to be fitted on rotation shaft supporting frame.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention makes profiling guide rail according to the exterior contour of required workpiece so that moves Dynamic motion track of the rack on profiling guide rail is exactly the exterior contour of required workpiece, and workpiece to be added is placed on profiling guide rail Side, movable stand drive cutter to move together while mobile on profiling guide rail, i.e., the motion track of cutter is just It is the exterior contour of required workpiece, therefore, cutting track of the cutter on workpiece to be added is exactly the outside of required workpiece Profile, finally, workpiece to be added cut after shape be exactly required workpiece exterior contour, wherein cutter lateral position The design of adjustment mechanism can control the distance between cutter and workpiece to be added, ensure cut lengths, steering mechanism sets Meter, can be such that actuating unit is swung with the dipping and heaving of movable stand in the workpiece of machining profile fluctuations, protect The movement locus for having demonstrate,proved movable stand is not restricted, and improves the machining accuracy of workpiece, guide bearing and bearing on movable stand The design of bearing can ensure that movable stand steadily moves on profiling guide rail, reduce movable stand on profiling guide rail The resistance of motion so that the movement locus of cutter more stablize.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the explosive view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of cutter walking mechanism.
Fig. 4 is the explosive view of Fig. 3.
Wherein, 1. rack, 2. profiling guide rails, 3. guide bearings, 4. hold bearing, and 5. movable stands, 6. is to be processed Part, 7. cutters, 8. displacement drive gears, 9. displacement screw rods, 10. communtation deceleration gear-boxes, 11. transmission belts, 12. motors, 13. motor fixing seat, 14. gearbox fixed seats, 15. bearing blocks, 16. cutting clamp mounting holes, 17. movable plates, 18. limited bolts, 19. lateral displacement handle, 20. transmission mounts rotary shafts, 21. rotation shaft supporting frames.
Specific implementation mode
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus, including rack 1, profiling guide rail 2, cutter 7, cutting Profiling guide rail 2 is arranged in device walking mechanism, actuating unit, 1 top of rack, and 2 side of profiling guide rail is installed to be added by clamping device Workpiece 6,2 top of profiling guide rail be arranged cutter walking mechanism, cutter walking mechanism include guide bearing 3, bearing support 4, Movable stand 5,5 lower part of movable stand setting, four guide bearings 3,5 top of movable stand setting, four bearing supports 4, four Between the cooperation of guide bearing 3 installation and two risers, four bearing supports 4 are arranged on two riser tops, 5 top of movable stand Cutter lateral position adjustment mechanism is set, coordinates installation cutter 7, cutter lateral on the adjustment mechanism of cutter lateral position Position adjusting mechanism includes cutter mounting hole 16, movable plate 17, lateral displacement handle 19, position-limited box, the setting of position-limited box top There are both ends limiting plate jaggy, position-limited box one end that orifice plate, orifice plate and 19 one end pin joint of lateral displacement handle, lateral displacement are set Strip through-hole is set on handle 19, movable plate 17 is installed in position-limited box, 17 one end of movable plate is bolted with strip through-hole, 17 other end of movable plate is fixedly connected by cutter mounting hole 16 thereon with cutter 7, and limit is provided on movable plate 17 Bolt 18, cutter walking mechanism are connected with actuating unit, and profiling guide rail 2 is by two and required workpiece appearance profile phase Consistent riser composition, actuating unit include displacement drive gear 8, displacement screw rod 9, communtation deceleration gear-box 10, transmission belt 11, Motor 12,12 main shaft of motor are connected by the power input shaft of transmission belt 11 and belt pulley and communtation deceleration gear-box 10, The power output shaft of communtation deceleration gear-box 10 is connected by gear with displacement drive gear 8, and displacement drive gear 8 is sleeved on Displacement screw rod 9, displacement screw rod 9 are threadedly coupled with the displacement drive gear 8, and 9 end of displacement screw rod connects with the cooperation of movable stand 5 It connects, 8 side of displacement drive gear is fitted on bearing block 15, and actuating unit is fixedly mounted in steering mechanism, turning machine Structure includes motor fixing seat 13, gearbox fixed seat 14, transmission mounts rotary shaft 20, rotation shaft supporting frame 21, and gearbox is solid 14 side of reservation is fixedly connected with motor fixing seat 13, the transmission mounts rotary shaft that gearbox fixed seat 14 is arranged by its side 20 are fitted on rotation shaft supporting frame 21.
The present invention will make profiling guide rail 2 before operation according to the shape of required workpiece, and this example is in agricultural machinery For the cutting of subsoiler deep loosening tooth, workpiece 6 to be added is fixed on 5 side of movable stand by clamping device, the two of profiling guide rail The spacing of block riser is just equal to the width of movable stand 5, makes it through guide bearing 3, bearing support 4 constrains in profiling guide rail 2 move above, and the present apparatus passes through transmission belt 11, communtation deceleration gear-box 10, displacement drive gear 8 in the running, by motor 12 Displacement screw rod 9 is driven to turn round, since displacement drive gear 8 is sleeved on displacement screw rod 9, and the centre bore of displacement drive gear 8 Inner wall is mutually threadedly coupled with displacement screw rod 9, and therefore, while displacement drive gear 8 drives displacement screw rod 9 to turn round, displacement is driven Moving gear 8 also will appear relative movement with displacement screw rod 9, i.e. displacement screw rod 9 is moved along axis, and simultaneous displacement screw rod 9 will move Rack 5 jacks up forward movement, and movable stand 5 moves on profiling guide rail 2, due to profiling guide rail 2 and required workpiece profile one It causes, therefore, the motion track of movable stand 5 is the contour line of required workpiece, at this point, fixed cutter 7 on movable stand 5 It is moved together with movable stand 5, cutter 76 is cut to machined part, outside the workpiece finally processed and required workpiece Shape profile is consistent, in order to make the distance between cutter 7 and workpiece 6 to be added most rationally, to ensure cut lengths, movable stand 5 It is installed above to have movable plate 17, it is fixed with cutter 7 thereon, pulls lateral displacement handle 19, movable plate 7 is on movable stand 5 It moves left and right, but amount of movement is limited by limited bolt 18, due to some required workpiece exterior contour fluctuations, mobile Motion track of the rack 5 on profiling guide rail 2 is also fluctuations, at this time, it is necessary to provide the dynamic of power for movable stand 5 Force mechanisms can carry out angle change with the motion track of movable stand 5, therefore, turning machine is provided in the lower part of actuating unit Structure, i.e., entire actuating unit drives actuating unit to swing up and down when movable stand 5 is swung up and down, and the speed change of steering mechanism Case fixed seat 14 is mounted on by transmission mounts rotary shaft 20 on rotation shaft supporting frame 21, and therefore, actuating unit is swung up and down When, gearbox fixed seat 14 can be driven to be swung up and down on rotating shaft support frame 21, at this point, just realizing actuating unit and mobile station Frame 5 is swung up and down together.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus, it is characterised in that:Including rack(1), profiling guide rail(2), cutter(7), cutting Device walking mechanism, actuating unit, the rack(1)Profiling guide rail is arranged in top(2), the profiling guide rail(2)Side passes through folder It holds mechanism and workpiece to be added is installed(6), the profiling guide rail(2)Cutter walking mechanism, the cutter vehicle with walking machine is arranged in top Cutter is arranged in structure side(7), the cutter walking mechanism with actuating unit be connected, the profiling guide rail(2)By Two riser compositions consistent with required workpiece appearance profile.
2. a kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cutter walking mechanism packet Include guide bearing(3), bearing support(4), movable stand(5), the movable stand(5)Four guide bearings are arranged in lower part(3), The movable stand(5)Four bearing supports are arranged in top(4), four guide bearings(3)Cooperation installation with it is described two Between riser, four bearing supports(4)It is arranged on described two riser tops.
3. a kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The movable stand(5)Top Cutter lateral position adjustment mechanism is set, installation cutter is coordinated on the adjustment mechanism of the cutter lateral position(7).
4. a kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Cutter lateral position tune Complete machine structure includes cutter mounting hole(16), movable plate(17), lateral displacement handle(19), position-limited box, the position-limited box top It is provided with both ends limiting plate jaggy, orifice plate, the orifice plate and lateral displacement handle is arranged in described position-limited box one end(19)One Hold pin joint, the lateral displacement handle(19)Upper setting strip through-hole, the position-limited box is interior to install movable plate(17), the movement Plate(17)One end is bolted with the strip through-hole, the movable plate(17)The other end is fixed by cutter thereon Hole(16)With the cutter(7)It is fixedly connected, the movable plate(17)On be provided with limited bolt(18).
5. a kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The actuating unit includes displacement Drive gear(8), displacement screw rod(9), communtation deceleration gear-box(10), transmission belt(11), motor(12), the motor(12)It is main Axis passes through transmission belt(11)With belt pulley and communtation deceleration gear-box(10)Power input shaft be connected, the communtation deceleration Gear-box(10)Power output shaft pass through gear and displacement drive gear(8)It is connected, the displacement drive gear(8)Suit In displacement screw rod(9), the displacement screw rod(9)With the displacement drive gear(8)It is threadedly coupled, the displacement screw rod(9)End End and the movable stand(5)It is connected.
6. a kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The displacement drive gear(8) Side is fitted to bearing block(15)On.
7. a kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The actuating unit is fixedly mounted In steering mechanism, the steering mechanism includes motor fixing seat(13), gearbox fixed seat(14), transmission mounts rotary shaft (20), rotation shaft supporting frame(21), the gearbox fixed seat(14)Side is fixedly connected with motor fixing seat(13), the speed change Case fixed seat(14)The transmission mounts rotary shaft being arranged by its side(20)It is fitted to rotation shaft supporting frame(21)On.
CN201810246975.0A 2018-03-23 2018-03-23 A kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus Pending CN108296596A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810246975.0A CN108296596A (en) 2018-03-23 2018-03-23 A kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810246975.0A CN108296596A (en) 2018-03-23 2018-03-23 A kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108296596A true CN108296596A (en) 2018-07-20

Family

ID=62846724

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810246975.0A Pending CN108296596A (en) 2018-03-23 2018-03-23 A kind of workpiece guided cutting apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108296596A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112448334A (en) * 2021-02-01 2021-03-05 天津市松正电动汽车技术股份有限公司 Flat wire motor flat copper wire paint skin removing device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112448334A (en) * 2021-02-01 2021-03-05 天津市松正电动汽车技术股份有限公司 Flat wire motor flat copper wire paint skin removing device
CN112448334B (en) * 2021-02-01 2021-04-27 天津市松正电动汽车技术股份有限公司 Flat wire motor flat copper wire paint skin removing device

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