CN108211101B - Dedicated piston wound disinfection utensil in hospital's medical treatment - Google Patents

Dedicated piston wound disinfection utensil in hospital's medical treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108211101B
CN108211101B CN201711459406.6A CN201711459406A CN108211101B CN 108211101 B CN108211101 B CN 108211101B CN 201711459406 A CN201711459406 A CN 201711459406A CN 108211101 B CN108211101 B CN 108211101B
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China
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disinfectant
wall
piston
cavity
disinfection
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201711459406.6A
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CN108211101A (en
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张勇
崔雁
余凤莲
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Qingdao Women and Childrens Hospital
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Qingdao Women and Childrens Hospital
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M35/00Devices for applying media, e.g. remedies, on the human body
    • A61M35/003Portable hand-held applicators having means for dispensing or spreading integral media

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Anesthesiology (AREA)
  • Biomedical Technology (AREA)
  • Heart & Thoracic Surgery (AREA)
  • Hematology (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • Apparatus For Disinfection Or Sterilisation (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a piston type wound disinfection apparatus special for hospital medical treatment, which belongs to the technical field of medical apparatus and instruments, and comprises an apparatus shell, wherein a disinfectant nozzle is arranged in the center of the outer wall of the right side of the apparatus shell, an elastic rubber sleeve matched with the disinfectant nozzle is arranged on the outer wall of the right side of the apparatus shell, a partition plate divides the inner cavity of the apparatus shell into a power cavity on the left side and a disinfectant cavity on the right side, and a guide pipe is arranged at the other end of a quantitative liquid outlet device. The trouble of frequently replacing the lithium battery is avoided, and the practicability of the device is effectively improved.

Description

Dedicated piston wound disinfection utensil in hospital's medical treatment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of medical instruments, in particular to a piston type wound disinfection instrument special for hospital medical treatment.
Background
In the surgical operation, the deeper wound of the patient is usually disinfected before further surgical treatment, the skin and the muscle tissue below the skin are mainly spread or cut by using instruments such as tweezers, long scissors and the like for disinfection in the prior surgical operation, so that the pain of the patient is increased, the disinfection is not thorough or further infection is caused, and the phenomenon that the disinfectant leaks to clothes and bed sheets is also caused.
In chinese patent is CN105561465A, a dedicated piston type wound disinfection apparatus for hospital medical treatment is proposed, relate to medical disinfection technical field, antiseptic solution storage bottle passes through the check valve and installs on the disinfection sap cavity, antiseptic solution intracavity installation piston, set up the fixed block on the piston, compression spring installs on the fixed block, the one end of push rod is installed on the piston, the other end installation soft iron of push rod, the one end and the electro-magnet box fixed connection in disinfection sap cavity, the other end and the shower nozzle in disinfection sap cavity are connected, set up the elastic rubber cover around the shower nozzle, the fixed mounting electromagnetic core in the electro-magnet box, around having solenoid on the electromagnetic core, solenoid passes through the circuit and is connected with lithium cell and regulating switch, set up the funnel on the elastic rubber cover, the funnel is connected with the waste liquid pipe, this patent has the disinfection effect to the wound, but:
1. the patent lacks a quantitative liquid outlet device, the outflow quantity of the disinfectant is difficult to control, the disinfectant cannot play a role in disinfection when the outflow quantity is too small, the disinfectant is wasted when the outflow quantity is too large, and the disinfectant is easy to leak to clothes or bedsheets;
2. the lithium battery is utilized to provide poor power effect, the lithium battery with insufficient electric quantity needs to be replaced frequently, the process is very troublesome, the working efficiency is influenced, the lithium battery with insufficient electric quantity is thrown away, the surrounding environment can be seriously polluted, and therefore, the piston type wound disinfection device special for hospital medical treatment is proposed again.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a piston type wound disinfection device special for hospital medical treatment, which solves the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a piston type wound disinfection apparatus special for hospital medical treatment comprises an apparatus shell, wherein a control switch is arranged on the outer wall of the left side of the apparatus shell, a handle and a disinfectant storage bottle are respectively installed on the left side and the right side of the top of the apparatus shell, a disinfectant nozzle is installed in the center of the outer wall of the right side of the apparatus shell, disinfectant spray holes are formed in the other end of the disinfectant nozzle, an elastic rubber sleeve matched with the disinfectant nozzle is installed on the outer wall of the right side of the apparatus shell, a waste liquid pipe is arranged on the left side of the bottom of the elastic rubber sleeve, the other end of the waste liquid pipe is connected with a waste liquid collecting bottle, the waste liquid collecting bottle is installed at the right end of the bottom of the apparatus shell, a partition plate is arranged in the inner cavity of the apparatus shell and divides the inner, and the carousel outer wall articulates there is the push-and-pull rod, the push-and-pull rod other end articulates at layer board left side outer wall central authorities, the pulley is all installed with the bottom to layer board top, and the laminating of the circumference outer wall and the power intracavity wall of pulley, layer board right side outer wall central authorities install the piston rod, the piston rod other end extends to the antiseptic solution intracavity and with piston connection, and the division board set up with piston rod assorted activity through-hole, the piston rod outer wall has cup jointed stress spring, and stress spring is located between layer board and the division board, the transfer line is installed to antiseptic solution storage bottle right side outer wall, the transfer line other end is connected with quantitative play liquid device, the quantitative play liquid device other end is equipped with the.
Preferably, ration goes out liquid device and includes the device shell, device shell inner chamber is equipped with circular cavity, circular cavity inner wall has the branch liquid board according to the laminating of annular array, divide the liquid board other end to fix at annular mount pad outer wall, the baffle is installed through the pivot to annular mount pad inner wall, compression spring is installed to the baffle inner wall, and the compression spring other end fixes at annular mount pad inner wall, the rotary rod is installed to annular mount pad inner chamber, the rotary rod both ends are connected with the rotary rod support of establishing on device shell inner wall, and the rotary rod outer wall be equipped with according to annular array with baffle assorted tooth, the antiseptic solution passageway has all been seted up to device shell top and bottom.
Preferably, the left end of the disinfectant sprayer is provided with an external thread, the outer wall of the right side of the appliance shell is provided with an internal thread matched with the external thread, the disinfectant sprayer is connected with the appliance shell through the thread, the right end of the disinfectant sprayer is hemispherical, and disinfectant spray holes are uniformly distributed at the right end of the disinfectant sprayer.
Preferably, the handle is a rubber handle, the matched sponge sleeve is installed on the outer wall of the handle, S-shaped anti-skidding patterns are arranged on the outer wall of the sponge sleeve, and the S-shaped anti-skidding patterns are arranged according to a rectangular array.
Preferably, the annular mounting seat and the rotating rod are positioned on the same axis, and two groups of disinfectant channels are formed in the top and the bottom of the device shell along the axis.
Preferably, the outer wall of the annular mounting seat is provided with the liquid separation plates according to an annular array, and the distance between the tops of the two adjacent liquid separation plates is equal to the width of the section of the disinfectant channel.
Preferably, a disinfection method based on the piston type wound disinfection instrument comprises the following steps:
step 1: whether each part normally works is checked, the handle is held by hand, the disinfectant spray hole at the right end of the disinfectant spray nozzle is aligned to the wound part, and the sponge sleeve with S-shaped anti-skid lines is arranged on the outer wall of the handle, so that the friction force and the comfort degree of the surface of the handle are effectively improved, the situation that the disinfectant spray hole deviates from the wound part due to the fact that a medical worker slips by hand is avoided, disinfectant is wasted, and pollution to clothes or bed sheets is caused;
step 2: starting the motor by adjusting the control switch, driving the output end of the motor to rotate the turntable, matching the turntable with the stress spring to drive the piston rod to drive the piston to do reciprocating motion, and when the piston moves from left to right: pressure is generated in the disinfectant liquid cavity, one part of the pressure sprays the disinfectant liquid in the disinfectant liquid cavity to the wound part through a disinfectant liquid spray hole, the other part of the pressure enters the circular cavity through the guide pipe, so that the rotating shaft on the inner wall of the annular mounting seat is attached to the baffle plate, and the quantitative liquid outlet device stops liquid outlet; when the piston moves from right to left, the pressure generated in the disinfectant liquid cavity enables the rotating rod to rotate clockwise, so that the effect of quantitatively feeding disinfectant liquid in the disinfectant liquid storage bottle into the disinfectant liquid cavity is achieved;
and step 3: after the disinfection, the elastic rubber sleeve uniformly recovers the waste liquid generated by the disinfectant spray holes in the disinfection process into a waste liquid collecting bottle through a waste liquid pipe for treatment, thereby avoiding causing environmental pollution.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the liquid distribution plate on the annular mounting seat equivalently enters the disinfectant cavity in the disinfectant storage bottle by using the pressure generated by the reciprocating motion of the piston, so that the outflow of the disinfectant is conveniently controlled, and the waste of the disinfectant and the leakage of the disinfectant on clothes or bed sheets are effectively avoided;
2. the sponge sleeve with the S-shaped anti-skidding lines is arranged on the outer wall of the handle, so that the friction force and the comfort degree of the surface of the handle are effectively improved, the situation that disinfectant spray holes deviate from wound parts due to the fact that medical personnel slip is avoided, and the working efficiency is effectively improved;
3. the motor is used for providing power for the reciprocating motion of the piston, so that the continuous work is facilitated, the trouble of frequently replacing the lithium battery is avoided, and the practicability of the device is effectively improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the quantitative liquid outlet device according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the structure of the present invention at A.
In the figure: 1 appliance shell, 2 control switches, 3 handles, 4 disinfectant storage bottles, 5 disinfectant nozzles, 6 disinfectant spray holes, 7 elastic rubber sleeves, 8 waste liquid pipes, 9 waste liquid collecting bottles, 10 separating plates, 11 power cavities, 12 disinfectant cavities, 13 motors, 14 rotating discs, 15 push-pull rods, 16 supporting plates, 17 pulleys, 18 piston rods, 19 pistons, 20 stress springs, 21 infusion pipes, 22 quantitative liquid outlet devices, 221 device shells, 222 circular cavities, 223 liquid separating plates, 224 annular mounting seats, 225 rotating rods, 226 teeth, 227 rotating shafts, 228 baffles, 229 compression springs and 2210 disinfectant channels.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the present invention provides a technical solution: a piston type wound disinfection apparatus special for hospital medical treatment comprises an apparatus shell 1, a control switch 2 is arranged on the outer wall of the left side of the apparatus shell 1, the control switch 2 is connected with an external power supply, a motor 13 is convenient to control, a handle 3 and a disinfectant storage bottle 4 are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the top of the apparatus shell 1, the handle 3 is a rubber handle, a matched sponge sleeve is arranged on the outer wall of the handle 3, S-shaped anti-skidding lines are arranged on the outer wall of the sponge sleeve, the S-shaped anti-skidding lines are arranged according to a rectangular array, the friction force and the comfort degree of the surface of the handle 3 are effectively improved, a disinfectant nozzle 5 is arranged in the center of the outer wall of the right side of the apparatus shell 1, a disinfectant spray hole 6 is formed in the other end of the disinfectant nozzle 5, the wound part of a patient can be disinfected conveniently, an elastic, the left side of the bottom of the elastic rubber sleeve 7 is provided with a waste liquid pipe 8, the other end of the waste liquid pipe 8 is connected with a waste liquid collecting bottle 9, the waste liquid collecting bottle 9 is arranged at the right end of the bottom of the appliance shell 1, the inner cavity of the appliance shell 1 is provided with a partition plate 10, the partition plate 10 divides the inner cavity of the appliance shell 1 into a power cavity 11 at the left side and a disinfectant cavity 12 at the right side, the inner wall at the left side of the power cavity 11 is provided with a motor 13 through a mounting frame, the output end of the motor 13 is provided with a rotary table 14, the outer wall of the rotary table 14 is hinged with a push-pull rod 15, the other end of the push-pull rod 15 is hinged at the center of the outer wall at the left side of the supporting plate 16, pulleys 17 are arranged at the top and the bottom of the supporting plate 16, and division board 10 has offered the activity through-hole that matches with piston rod 18, and piston rod 18 outer wall cup joints stress spring 20, and stress spring 20 is located between layer board 16 and division board 10, is convenient for piston rod 18 to do reciprocating motion, and antiseptic solution storage bottle 4 right side outer wall is installed and is taken out liquid pipe 21, and the other end of taking out liquid pipe 21 is connected with ration play liquid device 22, and ration play liquid device 22 other end is equipped with the pipe, and the pipe other end pegs graft in disinfection sap cavity 12, is convenient for input the antiseptic solution ration in antiseptic solution storage bottle 4 in disinfection sap cavity 12.
Wherein, the quantitative liquid outlet device 22 comprises a device shell 221, a circular cavity 222 is arranged in the inner cavity of the device shell 221, a liquid distribution plate 223 is attached to the inner wall of the circular cavity 222 according to an annular array, so as to facilitate equal liquid distribution of disinfectant entering the circular cavity 222 from a disinfectant storage bottle 4, the other end of the liquid distribution plate 223 is fixed on the outer wall of an annular mounting seat 224, a baffle 228 is installed on the inner wall of the annular mounting seat 224 through a rotating shaft 227, a compression spring 229 is installed on the inner wall of the baffle 228, so as to facilitate reciprocating motion and quantitative liquid distribution of a piston rod 18, the other end of the compression spring 229 is fixed on the inner wall of the annular mounting seat 224, a rotating rod 225 is installed in the inner cavity of the annular mounting seat 224, the annular mounting seat 224 and the rotating rod 225 are positioned on the same axis, so as to facilitate the delivery of the, the outer wall of the rotating rod 225 is provided with teeth 226 matched with the baffle 228 according to an annular array, disinfectant channels 2210 are formed in the top and the bottom of the device shell 221, the liquid separating plates 223 are mounted on the outer wall of the annular mounting seat 224 according to the annular array, and the distance between the tops of the two adjacent liquid separating plates 223 is the same as the section width of the disinfectant channels 2210, so that disinfectant can enter the circular cavity 222 in equal amount;
the left end of the disinfectant sprayer 5 is provided with an external thread, the outer wall of the right side of the appliance shell 1 is provided with an internal thread matched with the external thread, the disinfectant sprayer 5 is connected with the appliance shell 1 through the thread, the disinfectant sprayer 5 is convenient to replace, infection to wounds caused by long-time use is avoided, the right end of the disinfectant sprayer 5 is hemispherical, and the disinfectant spray holes 6 are uniformly distributed at the right end of the disinfectant sprayer 5, so that the disinfectant spraying area is effectively increased, the wounds are convenient to disinfect, and the working efficiency is improved;
a disinfection method based on the piston type wound disinfection instrument comprises the following steps:
step 1: whether each part normally works is checked, the handle 3 is held by hand, the disinfectant spray hole 6 at the right end of the disinfectant spray nozzle 5 is aligned to a wound part, and the sponge sleeve with S-shaped anti-skid lines is arranged on the outer wall of the handle 3, so that the friction force and the comfort degree of the surface of the handle 3 are effectively improved, the situation that the disinfectant spray hole 6 deviates from the wound part due to the fact that a medical worker slips by hand is avoided, disinfectant is wasted, and pollution to clothes or a bed sheet is caused;
step 2: starting the motor 13 by adjusting the control switch 2, making the output end of the motor 13 drive the rotary table 14 to rotate, the rotary table 14 and the stress spring 20 are matched to make the piston rod 18 drive the piston 19 to do reciprocating motion, when the piston 19 moves from left to right: pressure is generated in the disinfectant cavity 12, one part of the pressure sprays disinfectant in the disinfectant cavity 12 to the wound part through the disinfectant spray hole 6, and the other part of the pressure enters the circular cavity 222 through the conduit, so that the rotating shaft 227 on the inner wall of the annular mounting seat 224 is attached to the baffle 228, and the quantitative liquid outlet device 22 stops liquid outlet; when the piston 19 moves from right to left, the pressure generated in the disinfectant cavity 12 enables the rotating rod 225 to rotate clockwise, so that the disinfectant in the disinfectant storage bottle 4 quantitatively enters the disinfectant cavity 12;
and step 3: after the disinfection, the elastic rubber sleeve 7 uniformly recycles the waste liquid generated by the disinfectant spray holes 6 in the disinfection process into the waste liquid collecting bottle 9 through the waste liquid pipe 8 for treatment, so that the environmental pollution is avoided.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. A special piston wound disinfection apparatus in hospital medical treatment, which comprises an apparatus shell (1), and is characterized in that: the device is characterized in that a control switch (2) is arranged on the outer wall of the left side of the device shell (1), a handle (3) and a disinfectant storage bottle (4) are respectively installed on the left side and the right side of the top of the device shell (1), a disinfectant spray head (5) is installed in the center of the outer wall of the right side of the device shell (1), a disinfectant spray hole (6) is formed in the other end of the disinfectant spray head (5), an elastic rubber sleeve (7) matched with the disinfectant spray head (5) is installed on the outer wall of the right side of the device shell (1), a waste liquid pipe (8) is arranged on the left side of the bottom of the elastic rubber sleeve (7), the other end of the waste liquid pipe (8) is connected with a waste liquid collecting bottle (9), the waste liquid collecting bottle (9) is installed at the right end of the bottom of the device shell (1), a partition plate (10) is arranged in, the disinfection device is characterized in that a motor (13) is installed on the inner wall of the left side of the power cavity (11) through an installation frame, a rotary table (14) is installed at the output end of the motor (13), a push-pull rod (15) is hinged to the outer wall of the left side of the support plate (16) at the other end of the push-pull rod (15), pulleys (17) are installed on the top and the bottom of the support plate (16), the outer wall of the circumference of each pulley (17) is attached to the inner wall of the power cavity (11), a piston rod (18) is installed in the center of the outer wall of the right side of the support plate (16), the other end of the piston rod (18) extends into the disinfection liquid cavity (12) and is connected with a piston (19), a movable through hole matched with the piston rod (18) is formed in the partition plate (10), a stress spring (20) is, an infusion tube (21) is installed on the outer wall of the right side of the disinfectant storage bottle (4), the other end of the infusion tube (21) is connected with a quantitative liquid outlet device (22), a guide tube is arranged at the other end of the quantitative liquid outlet device (22), and the other end of the guide tube is inserted into the disinfectant cavity (12); the quantitative liquid outlet device (22) comprises a device shell (221), a circular cavity (222) is arranged in an inner cavity of the device shell (221), a liquid distribution plate (223) is attached to the inner wall of the circular cavity (222) according to an annular array, the other end of the liquid distribution plate (223) is fixed on the outer wall of an annular mounting seat (224), a baffle (228) is mounted on the inner wall of the annular mounting seat (224) through a rotating shaft (227), a compression spring (229) is mounted on the inner wall of the baffle (228), the other end of the compression spring (229) is fixed on the inner wall of the annular mounting seat (224), a rotating rod (225) is mounted in the inner cavity of the annular mounting seat (224), two ends of the rotating rod (225) are connected with a rotating rod support arranged on the inner wall of the device shell (221), and teeth (226) matched with the baffle (228) are arranged on the outer, the top and the bottom of the device shell (221) are both provided with disinfectant channels (2210).
2. The piston-type wound disinfection apparatus special for hospital medical treatment as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the left end of the disinfectant sprayer (5) is provided with an external thread, the outer wall of the right side of the appliance shell (1) is provided with an internal thread matched with the external thread, the disinfectant sprayer (5) is in threaded connection with the appliance shell (1), the right end of the disinfectant sprayer (5) is hemispherical, and disinfectant spray holes (6) are uniformly distributed at the right end of the disinfectant sprayer (5).
3. The piston-type wound disinfection apparatus special for hospital medical treatment as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the handle (3) is a rubber handle, the outer wall of the handle (3) is provided with a matched sponge sleeve, the outer wall of the sponge sleeve is provided with S-shaped anti-skidding patterns, and the S-shaped anti-skidding patterns are arranged according to a rectangular array.
4. The piston-type wound disinfection apparatus special for hospital medical treatment as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the annular mounting seat (224) and the rotating rod (225) are positioned on the same axis, and two groups of disinfectant channels (2210) are arranged at the top and the bottom of the device shell (221) along the axis.
5. The piston-type wound disinfection apparatus special for hospital medical treatment as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the outer wall of the annular mounting seat (224) is provided with the liquid separation plates (223) according to an annular array, and the distance between the tops of the two adjacent liquid separation plates (223) is the same as the section width of the disinfectant channel (2210).
6. A piston-type wound disinfection apparatus dedicated for hospital medical treatment according to any one of claims 1-5, characterized in that: a wound disinfection device based on the piston type wound disinfection device comprises the following steps:
step 1: whether each part normally works is checked, the handle (3) is held by hand, a disinfectant spray hole (6) at the right end of the disinfectant spray nozzle (5) is aligned to a wound part, and a sponge sleeve with S-shaped anti-skidding lines is arranged on the outer wall of the handle (3), so that the friction force and the comfort degree of the surface of the handle (3) are effectively improved, the situation that the disinfectant spray hole (6) deviates from the wound part due to the fact that medical personnel slide by hand is avoided, disinfectant is wasted, and pollution to clothes or bed sheets is caused;
step 2: through adjusting control switch (2) starter motor (13), make the output of motor (13) drive carousel (14) rotatory, carousel (14) cooperate with stress spring (20) to make piston rod (18) drive piston (19) and do reciprocating motion, when piston (19) from the left right side motion: pressure is generated in the disinfection liquid cavity (12), one part of the pressure sprays disinfection liquid in the disinfection liquid cavity (12) to a wound part through the disinfection liquid spray hole (6), the other part of the pressure enters the circular cavity (222) through the conduit, so that the rotating shaft (227) on the inner wall of the annular mounting seat (224) is attached to the baffle (228), and the quantitative liquid outlet device (22) stops liquid outlet; when the piston (19) moves from right to left, the pressure generated in the disinfectant cavity (12) enables the rotating rod (225) to rotate clockwise, so that the disinfectant in the disinfectant storage bottle (4) quantitatively enters the disinfectant cavity (12);
and step 3: after the disinfection, the elastic rubber sleeve (7) uniformly recovers the waste liquid generated by the disinfectant spray holes (6) in the disinfection process into a waste liquid collecting bottle (9) through a waste liquid pipe (8) for treatment, thereby avoiding causing environmental pollution.
CN201711459406.6A 2017-12-28 2017-12-28 Dedicated piston wound disinfection utensil in hospital's medical treatment Expired - Fee Related CN108211101B (en)

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