CN108189137A - Base material punches quick positioning process - Google Patents

Base material punches quick positioning process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108189137A
CN108189137A CN201810064445.4A CN201810064445A CN108189137A CN 108189137 A CN108189137 A CN 108189137A CN 201810064445 A CN201810064445 A CN 201810064445A CN 108189137 A CN108189137 A CN 108189137A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
drill bit
axis
base material
drilling
bit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810064445.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐云鸿
陈学兵
汤友明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chuzhou Ango Electronics Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Chuzhou Ango Electronics Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chuzhou Ango Electronics Co Ltd filed Critical Chuzhou Ango Electronics Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810064445.4A priority Critical patent/CN108189137A/en
Publication of CN108189137A publication Critical patent/CN108189137A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26FPERFORATING; PUNCHING; CUTTING-OUT; STAMPING-OUT; SEVERING BY MEANS OTHER THAN CUTTING
    • B26F1/00Perforating; Punching; Cutting-out; Stamping-out; Apparatus therefor
    • B26F1/16Perforating by tool or tools of the drill type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D5/00Arrangements for operating and controlling machines or devices for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D5/02Means for moving the cutting member into its operative position for cutting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/01Means for holding or positioning work
    • B26D7/015Means for holding or positioning work for sheet material or piles of sheets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/01Means for holding or positioning work
    • B26D7/02Means for holding or positioning work with clamping means
    • B26D7/025Means for holding or positioning work with clamping means acting upon planar surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/26Means for mounting or adjusting the cutting member; Means for adjusting the stroke of the cutting member
    • B26D7/2628Means for adjusting the position of the cutting member
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26FPERFORATING; PUNCHING; CUTTING-OUT; STAMPING-OUT; SEVERING BY MEANS OTHER THAN CUTTING
    • B26F2210/00Perforating, punching, cutting-out, stamping-out, severing by means other than cutting of specific products
    • B26F2210/08Perforating, punching, cutting-out, stamping-out, severing by means other than cutting of specific products of ceramic green sheets, printed circuit boards and the like

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of base materials to punch quick positioning process, specifically includes following operating procedure:S1:Base material is installed;S2:Import punctured data;S3:X-axis adjustment of displacement;S4:X-axis bit shift compensation;S5:Y-axis bit shift compensation;S6:Start to drill.The present invention carries out bit shift compensation by being carried out to drill bit on X and Y-direction, the equipment error that XY axis slide units generate in itself can be effectively eliminated, improve the positioning accuracy of drill bit, by in the stage casing that drill bit moves with high-speed mobile, be conducive to shorten the positioning time of drill bit, shorten the process-cycle of base material punching, by being modified to the numerical value for being spaced d, the error generated due to equipment attrition can be reduced, is conducive to improve the positioning accuracy of drilling.

Description

Base material punches quick positioning process
Technical field
The invention belongs to punch field of locating technology, and in particular to a kind of base material punches quick positioning process.
Background technology
PCB Chineses are printed circuit board, also known as printed wiring board, are important electronic unit, are electronic components Supporter, be electronic component electrical connection carrier.PCB drilling machines are applied to bore process in PCB process A kind of machine, pcb board must onboard drill out aperture before element is plugged and may be inserted by the stitch of element or make difference The circuit of level is connected up and down.
Before PCB substrate is punched, need accurately to position the position in each hole, existing digital control perforating machine Bed generally use XY axis slide unit is adjusted the position of drill bit according to the parameter provided, since there are system mistakes between equipment There are gaps, therefore, the physical location of drill bit and the position provided between screw thread in difference, the i.e. leading screw and sliding block of XY axis slide unit There are deviations between parameter.It is and fast using positioning when at the uniform velocity, being unfavorable for reduction punching in the entire motion process of drill bit Degree extends the process-cycle of base material.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of base materials to punch quick positioning process, to solve to propose in above-mentioned background technology The problem of.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical solution:A kind of base material punches quick positioning process, specific to wrap Include following operating procedure:
S1:Base material is installed, it would be desirable to which the base material of processing is fixed on specified location in the machine table of drilling machine using fixture, when fixed Base material is positioned using detent mechanism, ensures the precision of substrate location;
S2:Punctured data is imported, the position data punched will be needed to import in drilling machine control system on base material, utilize drilling machine The position of adjust automatically drill bit, is punched automatically;
S3:X-axis adjustment of displacement drives drill bit to be moved along X-axis, by static when mobile by step motor control XY axis slide unit Start to accelerate to constant speed, and close to first drilling with constant speed, when drill bit is with drilling close, reduce speed now, when stepping electricity When machine completes the positioning of drill bit X-axis according to position data x, stop operating;
S4:X-axis bit shift compensation, due to there is interval d between the screw thread that cooperates between the leading screw and sliding block of XY axis slide units, because This, stepper motor driving leading screw and practical feeding distance S=x-d with movable slider, therefore, the center of drill bit and drilling in practice Center also there are displacement difference d, bit interval d is inputted into drilling machine control system, additionally using stepper motor Feed servo system drill bit again Advance displacement d, you can ensure that drill bit is overlapped along Y-direction with the center to drill;
S5:Y-axis bit shift compensation similarly, is additionally readvanced displacement d using stepper motor Feed servo system drill bit, you can guarantee drill bit It overlaps with the center of drilling, is overlapped so as to complete drill bit with the bore position of given location parameter in X direction;
S6:Start to drill, after the completion of bit shift compensation, drill controlling drill bit by drilling machine control system.
Preferably, location hole is provided on base material in step S1, and is fixed in machine table and determines with what location hole matched Position column, for being positioned to base material.
Preferably, it when the X-axis on XY axis slide units or Y-axis are advanced facing one direction always, does not need to carry out displacement benefit It repays;And when X-axis or Y-axis move backward, it needs to carry out bit shift compensation.
Preferably, the acceleration time is 1-1.5 second in step S3, and velocity magnitude is 0.1-0.2m/s during constant speed, and works as drill bit It reduces speed now during distance 0.5cm+d between drilling.
The technique effect and advantage of the present invention:
The present invention carries out bit shift compensation by being carried out to drill bit on X and Y-direction, can effectively eliminate XY axis slide units and generate in itself Equipment error, the positioning accuracy of drill bit is improved, by, with high-speed mobile, being conducive to shorten drill bit in the stage casing that drill bit moves Positioning time, shorten base material punching process-cycle, by be spaced d numerical value be modified, can reduce because equipment grind The error damaged and generated is conducive to improve the positioning accuracy of drilling.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, Obviously, described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based in the present invention Embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art's all other embodiments obtained without making creative work, all Belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of base material punches quick positioning process, specifically includes following operating procedure:
S1:Base material is installed, it would be desirable to which the base material of processing is fixed on specified location in the machine table of drilling machine using fixture, when fixed Base material is positioned using detent mechanism, location hole is provided on base material, and be fixed in machine table and match with location hole Positioning column, for being positioned to base material, ensure the precision of substrate location;
S2:Punctured data is imported, the position data punched will be needed to import in drilling machine control system on base material, utilize drilling machine The position of adjust automatically drill bit, is punched automatically;
S3:X-axis adjustment of displacement drives drill bit to be moved along X-axis, by static when mobile by step motor control XY axis slide unit Start to accelerate to constant speed, the acceleration time is 1 second, and close to first drilling with constant speed 0.1m/s, when between drill bit and drilling It reduces speed now during distance 0.5cm+d, when stepper motor completes the positioning of drill bit X-axis according to position data x, stops operating;Similarly, When stepper motor completes the positioning of drill bit Y-axis according to position data y, stop operating;
S4:X-axis bit shift compensation, due to there is interval d between the screw thread that cooperates between the leading screw and sliding block of XY axis slide units, because This, stepper motor driving leading screw and practical feeding distance S=x-d with movable slider, therefore, the center of drill bit and drilling in practice Center also there are displacement difference d, bit interval d is inputted into drilling machine control system, additionally using stepper motor Feed servo system drill bit again Advance displacement d, you can ensure that drill bit is overlapped along Y-direction with the center to drill;
S5:Y-axis bit shift compensation similarly, is additionally readvanced displacement d using stepper motor Feed servo system drill bit, you can guarantee drill bit It overlaps with the center of drilling, is overlapped so as to complete drill bit with the bore position of given location parameter in X direction;
When the X-axis on XY axis slide units or Y-axis are advanced facing one direction always, do not need to carry out bit shift compensation;And when X-axis or When Y-axis moves backward, need to carry out bit shift compensation.
S6:Start to drill, after the completion of bit shift compensation, drill controlling drill bit by drilling machine control system.
Embodiment 2
A kind of base material punches quick positioning process, specifically includes following operating procedure:
S1:Base material is installed, it would be desirable to which the base material of processing is fixed on specified location in the machine table of drilling machine using fixture, when fixed Base material is positioned using detent mechanism, location hole is provided on base material, and be fixed in machine table and match with location hole Positioning column, for being positioned to base material, ensure the precision of substrate location;
S2:Punctured data is imported, the position data punched will be needed to import in drilling machine control system on base material, utilize drilling machine The position of adjust automatically drill bit, is punched automatically;
S3:X-axis adjustment of displacement drives drill bit to be moved along X-axis, by static when mobile by step motor control XY axis slide unit Start to accelerate to constant speed, the acceleration time is 1.3 seconds, and close to first drilling with constant speed 0.15m/s, when drill bit and drilling Between distance 0.5cm+d when reduce speed now, when stepper motor completes the positioning of drill bit X-axis according to position data x, stop operating;Together Reason when stepper motor completes the positioning of drill bit Y-axis according to position data y, stops operating;
S4:X-axis bit shift compensation, due to there is interval d between the screw thread that cooperates between the leading screw and sliding block of XY axis slide units, because This, stepper motor driving leading screw and practical feeding distance S=x-d with movable slider, therefore, the center of drill bit and drilling in practice Center also there are displacement difference d, bit interval d is inputted into drilling machine control system, additionally using stepper motor Feed servo system drill bit again Advance displacement d, you can ensure that drill bit is overlapped along Y-direction with the center to drill;
S5:Y-axis bit shift compensation similarly, is additionally readvanced displacement d using stepper motor Feed servo system drill bit, you can guarantee drill bit It overlaps with the center of drilling, is overlapped so as to complete drill bit with the bore position of given location parameter in X direction;
When the X-axis on XY axis slide units or Y-axis are advanced facing one direction always, do not need to carry out bit shift compensation;And when X-axis or When Y-axis moves backward, need to carry out bit shift compensation.
S6:Start to drill, after the completion of bit shift compensation, drill controlling drill bit by drilling machine control system.
Embodiment 3
A kind of base material punches quick positioning process, specifically includes following operating procedure:
S1:Base material is installed, it would be desirable to which the base material of processing is fixed on specified location in the machine table of drilling machine using fixture, when fixed Base material is positioned using detent mechanism, location hole is provided on base material, and be fixed in machine table and match with location hole Positioning column, for being positioned to base material, ensure the precision of substrate location;
S2:Punctured data is imported, the position data punched will be needed to import in drilling machine control system on base material, utilize drilling machine The position of adjust automatically drill bit, is punched automatically;
S3:X-axis adjustment of displacement drives drill bit to be moved along X-axis, by static when mobile by step motor control XY axis slide unit Start to accelerate to constant speed, the acceleration time is 1.5 seconds, and close to first drilling with constant speed 0.2m/s, when drill bit and drilling Between distance 0.5cm+d when reduce speed now, when stepper motor completes the positioning of drill bit X-axis according to position data x, stop operating;Together Reason when stepper motor completes the positioning of drill bit Y-axis according to position data y, stops operating;
S4:X-axis bit shift compensation, due to there is interval d between the screw thread that cooperates between the leading screw and sliding block of XY axis slide units, because This, stepper motor driving leading screw and practical feeding distance S=x-d with movable slider, therefore, the center of drill bit and drilling in practice Center also there are displacement difference d, bit interval d is inputted into drilling machine control system, additionally using stepper motor Feed servo system drill bit again Advance displacement d, you can ensure that drill bit is overlapped along Y-direction with the center to drill;
S5:Y-axis bit shift compensation similarly, is additionally readvanced displacement d using stepper motor Feed servo system drill bit, you can guarantee drill bit It overlaps with the center of drilling, is overlapped so as to complete drill bit with the bore position of given location parameter in X direction;
When the X-axis on XY axis slide units or Y-axis are advanced facing one direction always, do not need to carry out bit shift compensation;And when X-axis or When Y-axis moves backward, need to carry out bit shift compensation.
S6:Start to drill, after the completion of bit shift compensation, drill controlling drill bit by drilling machine control system.
The present invention carries out bit shift compensation by being carried out to drill bit on X and Y-direction, can effectively eliminate XY axis slide unit in itself The equipment error of generation improves the positioning accuracy of drill bit, by, with high-speed mobile, being conducive to shorten in the stage casing that drill bit moves The positioning time of drill bit shortens the process-cycle of base material punching, by being modified to the numerical value for being spaced d, can reduce because setting The error generated for abrasion is conducive to improve positioning accuracy.
Finally it should be noted that:The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to restrict the invention, Although the present invention is described in detail referring to the foregoing embodiments, for those skilled in the art, still may be used To modify to the technical solution recorded in foregoing embodiments or carry out equivalent replacement to which part technical characteristic, All within the spirits and principles of the present invention, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included in the present invention's Within protection domain.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of base material punches quick positioning process, which is characterized in that specifically includes following operating procedure:
S1:Base material is installed, it would be desirable to which the base material of processing is fixed on specified location in the machine table of drilling machine using fixture, when fixed Base material is positioned using detent mechanism, ensures the precision of substrate location;
S2:Punctured data is imported, the position data punched will be needed to import in drilling machine control system on base material, utilize drilling machine The position of adjust automatically drill bit, is punched automatically;
S3:X-axis adjustment of displacement drives drill bit to be moved along X-axis, by static when mobile by step motor control XY axis slide unit Start to accelerate to constant speed, and close to first drilling with constant speed, when drill bit is with drilling close, reduce speed now, when stepping electricity When machine completes the positioning of drill bit X-axis according to position data x, stop operating;
S4:X-axis bit shift compensation, due to there is interval d between the screw thread that cooperates between the leading screw and sliding block of XY axis slide units, because This, stepper motor driving leading screw and practical feeding distance S=x-d with movable slider, therefore, the center of drill bit and drilling in practice Center also there are displacement difference d, bit interval d is inputted into drilling machine control system, additionally using stepper motor Feed servo system drill bit again Advance displacement d, you can ensure that drill bit is overlapped along Y-direction with the center to drill;
S5:Y-axis bit shift compensation similarly, is additionally readvanced displacement d using stepper motor Feed servo system drill bit, you can guarantee drill bit It overlaps with the center of drilling, is overlapped so as to complete drill bit with the bore position of given location parameter in X direction;
S6:Start to drill, after the completion of bit shift compensation, drill controlling drill bit by drilling machine control system.
2. base material according to claim 1 punches quick positioning process, it is characterised in that:It is provided on base material in step S1 Location hole, and the positioning column to match with location hole is fixed in machine table, for being positioned to base material.
3. base material according to claim 1 punches quick positioning process, it is characterised in that:When the X-axis or Y on XY axis slide units When axis advances facing one direction always, do not need to carry out bit shift compensation;And when X-axis or Y-axis move backward, need into Row bit shift compensation.
4. base material according to claim 1 punches quick positioning process, it is characterised in that:The acceleration time is 1- in step S3 1.5 seconds, velocity magnitude was 0.1-0.2m/s during constant speed, and is reduced speed now as distance 0.5cm+d between drill bit and drilling.
CN201810064445.4A 2018-01-23 2018-01-23 Base material punches quick positioning process Pending CN108189137A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115156580A (en) * 2022-09-07 2022-10-11 上海优集工业软件有限公司 Deep hole machining method and device and electronic equipment

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1680897A (en) * 2004-04-05 2005-10-12 财团法人工业技术研究院 Value controlling machinery
CN201728697U (en) * 2009-09-08 2011-02-02 廖森杰 Full-automatic hanging board punching machine
EP2471617A1 (en) * 2009-08-27 2012-07-04 NTN Corporation Device for detecting tool tip position of remote-controlled actuator
CN204747588U (en) * 2015-07-03 2015-11-11 山东法因数控机械股份有限公司 Numerically -controlled drilling machine
CN106216735A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-12-14 无锡深南电路有限公司 A kind of numerically controlled drill system and the operational approach of numerically controlled drill
CN206393747U (en) * 2017-01-04 2017-08-11 信丰利裕达电子科技有限公司 A kind of wiring board automatic numerical control drilling machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1680897A (en) * 2004-04-05 2005-10-12 财团法人工业技术研究院 Value controlling machinery
EP2471617A1 (en) * 2009-08-27 2012-07-04 NTN Corporation Device for detecting tool tip position of remote-controlled actuator
CN201728697U (en) * 2009-09-08 2011-02-02 廖森杰 Full-automatic hanging board punching machine
CN204747588U (en) * 2015-07-03 2015-11-11 山东法因数控机械股份有限公司 Numerically -controlled drilling machine
CN106216735A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-12-14 无锡深南电路有限公司 A kind of numerically controlled drill system and the operational approach of numerically controlled drill
CN206393747U (en) * 2017-01-04 2017-08-11 信丰利裕达电子科技有限公司 A kind of wiring board automatic numerical control drilling machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115156580A (en) * 2022-09-07 2022-10-11 上海优集工业软件有限公司 Deep hole machining method and device and electronic equipment
CN115156580B (en) * 2022-09-07 2023-02-21 上海优集工业软件有限公司 Deep hole machining method and device and electronic equipment

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Application publication date: 20180622